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Sharifah Noor Akmal Syed Husain - - 2013
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is increasingly gaining importance in clinical diagnostics settings. Due to the ability of the technique to detect chromosomal abnormalities in samples with low cellularity or containing a mixed population of cells even at a single-cell level, it has become more popular in cancer research and ...
Secchi Luciana A de A - - 2012
Genetic defects resulting in deficiency of thyroid hormone synthesis can be found in about 10% of the patients with permanent congenital hypothyroidism, but the identification of genetic abnormalities in association with the transient form of the disease is extremely rare. We report the case of a boy with transient neonatal ...
DeScipio Cheryl C Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2012
We describe 19 unrelated individuals with submicroscopic deletions involving 10p15.3 characterized by chromosomal microarray (CMA). Interestingly, to our knowledge, only two individuals with isolated, submicroscopic 10p15.3 deletion have been reported to date; however, only limited clinical information is available for these probands and the deleted region has not been molecularly ...
Choi Jun Ho - - 2012
Trisomy 14 mosaicism is a rare chromosomal abnormality with distinct and recognizable clinical features. We report a patient with presumed retinal dystrophy having diffuse retinal pigment epithelial abnormalities, which has not been previously reported in association with trisomy 14. This case expands the clinical spectrum of this rare entity.
Levy Brynn - - 2012
Purpose:The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical phenotype of patients with tetrasomy of the distal 15q chromosome in the form of a neocentric marker chromosome and to evaluate whether the phenotype represents a new clinical syndrome or is a phenocopy of Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome.Methods:We carried out comprehensive clinical ...
López-Valdez Jaime Asael - - 2012
Sirenomelia is the most severe malformation complex affecting the human caudal pole, although its etiology is unclear, a primary defect of blastogenesis has been proposed. Studies consider sirenomelia as the most severe form of caudal dysgenesis, VACTERL association, or axial mesodermal dysplasia, although others still support the idea of a ...
Yoo Chae-Kyoung - - 2012
Clinical-chemical traits are essential when examining the health status of individuals. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) and the associated positional candidate genes affecting clinical-chemical traits in a reciprocal F2 intercross between Landrace and Korean native pigs. Following an overnight fast, twenty five serum ...
Lee C-N - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical value of prenatal array comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH) in screening for submicroscopic genomic imbalances. Cross-sectional study. Tertiary referral centre. From June 2008 to February 2011, 3171 fetuses underwent prenatal array CGH testing and karyotyping at the National Taiwan University Hospital. Indications for invasive prenatal diagnosis included ...
Kamoun Fatma F - - 2012
The ring chromosome 20 syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by intractable epilepsy with particular electro clinical features including episodes of prolonged confusional state and nocturnal frontal lobe seizures. We report a 17-year-old girl who had intractable epilepsy with frontal seizure and prolonged confusional state secondary to non-convulsive status epilepticus. ...
Meyer Stefan - - 2012
Fanconi anaemia (FA) is an inherited disease with congenital and developmental abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and extreme risk of leukemic transformation. Bone marrow surveillance is an important part of the clinical management of FA and often reveals cytogenetic aberrations. Here, we review bone marrow findings in FA and discuss the ...
LaFountain James R JR - - 2011
The impact of mechanical forces on kinetochore motility was investigated using laser microsurgery to detach kinetochores with associated chromatin (K fragment) from meiotic chromosomes in spermatocytes from the crane fly Nephrotoma suturalis. In spermatocytes, elastic tethers connect telomeres of homologues during anaphase A of meiosis I, thus preventing complete disjunction ...
Cannon Ethalinda K S - - 2011
CViT (chromosome visualization tool) is a Perl utility for quickly generating images of features on a whole genome at once. It reads GFF3-formated data representing chromosomes (linkage groups or pseudomolecules) and sets of features on those chromosomes. It can display features on any chromosomal unit system, including genetic (centimorgan), cytological ...
Liu Jing - - 2011
Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) is a newly emerged molecular cytogenetic technique for rapid evaluation of the entire genome with sub-megabase resolution. It allows for the comprehensive investigation of thousands and millions of genomic loci at once and therefore enables the efficient detection of DNA copy number variations (a.k.a, ...
Graham James E - - 2010
FtsK is a homohexameric, RecA-like dsDNA translocase that plays a key role in bacterial chromosome segregation. The FtsK regulatory γ-subdomain determines directionality of translocation through its interaction with specific 8 base pair chromosomal sequences [(KOPS); FtsK Orienting/Polarizing Sequence(s)] that are cooriented with the direction of replication in the chromosome. We ...
Katuwawela I - - 2010
Aims Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental tic disorder with a strong hereditary component. Little is known about the role of genetic lesions in the development of TS. Methods We provide a clinical and genetic description of a case of TS related to chromosomal translocation, along with a brief discussion ...
Tucker James D - - 2010
This article discusses the use of chromosome translocations for assessing adverse environmental exposure in humans. Translocations are a persistent biomarker of exposure and a biomarker of effect, making them the endpoint of choice for certain human exposure studies because they indicate a potential relationship between exposure and adverse health outcomes, ...
Kurahashi H - - 2010
The constitutional t(11;22)(q23;q11) is the most common recurrent non-Robertsonian translocation in humans. The breakpoint sequences of both chromosomes are characterized by several hundred base pairs of palindromic AT-rich repeats (PATRRs). Similar PATRRs have also been identified at the breakpoints of other nonrecurrent translocations, suggesting that PATRR-mediated chromosomal translocation represents one ...
Shamash Jana - - 2011
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis using fluorescence in-situ hybridization (PGD-FISH) is currently the most common reproductive solution for translocation carriers. However, this technique usually does not differentiate between embryos carrying the balanced form of the translocation and those carrying the homologous normal chromosomes. We developed a new application of preimplantation genetic haplotyping ...
Rossi Beatrice - - 2010
Chromosome translocations are gross chromosomal rearrangements that have often been associated with cancer development in mammalian cells. The feasibility of drastically reshaping the genome with a single translocation event also gives this molecular event a powerful capacity to drive evolution. Despite these implications and their role in genome instability, very ...
Buonincontri Roberta - - 2011
Dyslexia is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders where likely many genes are involved in the pathogenesis. So far six candidate dyslexia genes have been proposed, and two of these were identified by rare chromosomal translocations in affected individuals. By systematic re-examination of all translocation carriers in Denmark, we ...
Tassano Elisa - - 2010
Fibrous hamartoma of infancy is a rare pediatric superficial soft tissue lesion. The diagnosis depends on microscopic examination. Conventional cytogenetic analysis has been reported in only two previous cases, which showed apparently balanced translocations with involvement of different chromosomes. In the present study, we used multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Sheridan Molly B - - 2010
Palindrome-mediated genomic instability has been associated with chromosomal translocations, including the recurrent t(11;22)(q23;q11). We report a syndrome characterized by extremity anomalies, mild dysmorphia, and intellectual impairment caused by 3:1 meiotic segregation of a previously unrecognized recurrent palindrome-mediated rearrangement, the t(8;22)(q24.13;q11.21). There are at least ten prior reports of this translocation, ...
Switonski M - - 2011
Cytogenetic evaluation of young bulls of the Polish Holstein-Friesian breed, tested before approving for use in artificial insemination, revealed a carrier of a Y-autosome reciprocal translocation. The applied chromosome banding techniques and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), with the use of locus-specific BAC probes, facilitated description of the translocation as ...
O'Neill Iain D - - 2010
Chromosomal translocations and inversions are present in ∼0.6-1% of individuals. Although the majority are inherited, and the familial transmission across generations is well reported, reports of homozygosity are relatively rare, with most data in the form of individual case reports. A systematic review of all published cases was performed with ...
Anton Ester - - 2010
Robertsonian translocations are one of the most frequent reorganizations in humans. Their segregational behavior and their implication in the occurrence of interchromosomal effects (ICEs) has been an important topic of research for the past 10 years. Most of the cases analyzed correspond to rearrangements with chromosomes from the D-group (chromosomes ...
Yu C - - 2010
We describe the production of chromosome segmental duplications and deletions of defined length in maize. The method utilizes a collection of previously isolated transposon-induced reciprocal translocations with sequence-defined breakpoints. These balanced translocations involve a first common breakpoint at the site of transposon Ac/fAc insertions on chromosome 1S, and a second ...
Ko Duck Sung - - 2010
Balanced reciprocal translocation is the most common chromosome rearrangement, with an incidence of 1 out of 625 newborns. In reciprocal translocation carriers, genetically unbalanced gametes can be produced through three principal modes of segregation: adjacent-1, adjacent-2 and 3:1. In this study, we reviewed 133 cycles of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2010
Prenatal diagnosis of small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) gives rise to difficulties in genetic counseling, and requires molecular cytogenetic technologies such as spectral karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, multicolor-fluorescence in situ hybridization, or array-comparative genomic hybridization to identify the nature of the aberrant chromosome. We report such a case associated ...
Lledó Belén - - 2010
Human translocation carriers may present alterations in meiosis. Understanding the mechanism of meiotic segregation of reciprocal translocations is important for estimation of the risk of either pregnancy loss or birth defects. The objective of this work was to estimate meiotic segregation rates in preimplantation embryos from preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) ...
Martin Lorri D - - 2010
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by karyotypic instability, including chromosomal translocations involving the IGH locus. MM cells display a promiscuity of translocation partners, only some of which are recurrent. We propose that several factors, including temporal and spatial nuclear positioning of potential partner loci, "off-target" IGH diversification mechanisms, and aberrant ...
Iijima Kazumoto - - 2010
The course of renal involvement and hearing loss is much milder in most female X-linked Alport syndromes than in male patients. We examined the molecular mechanism of development of the disease in a female patient with severe Alport syndrome. The patient showed heavy proteinuria, hematuria, neurosensory hearing loss and primary ...
Simsek Deniz D Developmental Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, New York, - - 2010
Chromosomal translocations in hematologic and mesenchymal tumors form overwhelmingly by nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). Canonical NHEJ, essential for the repair of radiation-induced and some programmed double-strand breaks (DSBs), requires the Xrcc4-ligase IV complex. For other DSBs, the requirement for Xrcc4-ligase IV is less stringent, suggesting the existence of alternative end-joining (alt-NHEJ) ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To present unbalanced and balanced heterologous acrocentric rearrangements involving chromosome 21 at amniocentesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1987 and September 2009, 31,194 amniocenteses were performed at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Two cases with an unbalanced heterologous acrocentric rearrangements involving chromosome 21 from two families and seven cases ...
Ohye Tamae - - 2010
The constitutional t(11;22)(q23;q11) is a well-known recurrent non-Robertsonian translocation in humans. Although translocations generally occur in a random fashion, the break points of t(11;22)s are concentrated within several hundred base pairs on 11q23 and 22q11. These regions are characterized by palindromic AT-rich repeats (PATRRs), which appear to be responsible for ...
Rodríguez A - - 2010
Cytogenetic analysis of 58 boars at an artificial insemination (AI) centre revealed the presence of a reciprocal chromosome translocation, rcp(1;11)(q-;p+), in two Duroc boars. Pedigree analysis of these two boars suggested familial transmission of the chromosome rearrangement. The reproductive consequences of this translocation were determined in a herd of sows ...
Traversa M V - - 2010
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for structural chromosome abnormalities traditionally uses fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques. Although relatively straight forward, FISH is technically demanding with several process problems which include cell loss, cell overlap, variable cell fixation and hybridization as well as sample mosaicism. Increasingly, alternative techniques for chromosome analysis ...
Rooryck Caroline - - 2010
We report a patient presenting with oculoauriculovertebral spectrum and a de novo balanced reciprocal translocation t(9;18)(p23;q12.2). Physical mapping of the translocation breakpoints by fluorescent in situ hybridization showed that the breakpoints are located in two regions encompassing gene deserts. An additional paternally inherited duplication in 18p11.23p11.31 was identified by array-CGH. ...
Perrin A - - 2010
In the infertile male population, there is a 2-20-time higher probability of having a structural chromosomal abnormality than in general population. Generally, these men have a normal phenotype but they can have sperm abnormalities. As they can produce a variable proportion of unbalanced gametes, it is important to evaluate the ...
Perrin Aurore - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To characterize a t(2;6) by array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) in a couple with recurrent miscarriage, to analyze the meiotic segregation of the t(2;6), and to discuss couple specific care-taking modality before intracytoplasmic sperm injection. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: INSERM U613 in Brest, France. PATIENT(S): Couple consulting for infertility. ...
Martínez-Valenzuela M - - 2010
The effects of a balanced X; Autosome translocation [t(X;A)] on the fertility of carrier females led to the definition of the Xq13-->q27 region as critical for ovarian function and reproductive lifespan. We describe here a teenager with ovarian failure likely due to a balanced t(X;17)(q22;q25). The 16 year-old patient presented ...
De Lorenzi L - - 2010
Cytogenetic analysis of a phenotypically normal young bull from the Marchigiana breed revealed the presence of an abnormal chromosome. The finding of one oversize chromosome in all metaphases, associated with a 2n = 60, XY karyotype, suggested that a reciprocal translocation had occurred. RBG-banding and FISH analyses, using specific bovine ...
Schmidt Kristina H - - 2010
Genome instability, associated with chromosome breakage syndromes and most human cancers, is still poorly understood. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, numerous genes with roles in the preservation of genome integrity have been identified. DNA-damage-checkpoint-deficient yeast cells that lack Sgs1, a RecQ-like DNA helicase related to the human Bloom's-syndrome-associated helicase BLM, ...
Armah Henry B - - 2010
Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), a recently recognized distinct subtype, are rare tumors predominantly reported in young patients. They comprise at least one-third of pediatric RCCs, and only few adult cases have been reported. They are characterized by various translocations involving chromosome Xp11.2, all resulting in gene fusions involving ...
Mundhofir F E P - - 2010
We report on a boy with partial trisomies for chromosomes 8 and 22 caused by the presence of a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC), a der(22)t(8;22)(p22;q11.21), inherited from a t(8;22)(p22;q11.21) translocation carrier mother. He has mild mental retardation, unability to speak distinct words and several minor anomalies i.e. high forehead ...
Rao Lakshmi - - 2010
The common cause of mental impairment and the wide range of physical abnormalities is balanced chromosome rearrangement. As such, it is difficult to interpret, posing as a diagnostic challenge in human development. We present a unique familial case report with the paternally inherited autosomal-balanced reciprocal translocation involving chromosomal regions 8q ...
Sun Jiying - - 2010
Chromosome translocations induced by DNA damaging agents, such as ionizing radiation and certain chemotherapies, alter genetic information resulting in malignant transformation. Abrogation or loss of the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein, a DNA damage signaling regulator, increases the incidence of chromosome translocations. However, how ATM protects cells from chromosome translocations is ...
Woodward Emma R ER CRUK Renal Molecular Oncology Group and Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. - - 2010
Familial renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is genetically heterogeneous and may be associated with germline mutations in a number of genes. Twelve different constitutional translocations involving chromosome 3 have also been described in association with inherited RCC. In some families the lifetime risk of RCC in chromosome 3 translocation carriers has ...
Zhang Yu Y Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
Recurrent chromosomal abnormalities, especially chromosomal translocations, are strongly associated with certain subtypes of leukemia, lymphoma and solid tumors. The appearance of particular translocations or associated genomic alterations can be important indicators of disease prognosis, and in some cases, certain translocations may indicate appropriate therapy protocols. To date, most of our ...
Lin Chunru - - 2009
Chromosomal translocations are a hallmark of leukemia/lymphoma and also appear in solid tumors, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. By establishing a cellular model that mimics the relative frequency of authentic translocation events without proliferation selection, we report mechanisms of nuclear receptor-dependent tumor translocations. Intronic binding of liganded androgen receptor ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate unbalanced and balanced acrocentric rearrangements involving chromosomes other than chromosome 21 at amniocentesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1987 to September 2009, 31,194 amniocenteses were performed at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Two cases with unbalanced acrocentric rearrangements involving chromosomes other than chromosome 21 from two families, ...
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