Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 869
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Erridge Clett - - 2013
To determine if the coronary artery disease (CAD) associated genotype at chromosome 9p21 modulates basal or induced expression of type I interferons. The mechanism responsible for the association between common variants in chromosome 9p21.3 and CAD remains unclear. It has been reported that the CAD risk locus is rich in ...
Kawashima Ichiro - - 2013
Rearrangements of the mixed lineage leukemia MLL gene at chromosome 11q23 are common chromosomal abnormalities in human leukemia. MLL fused with numerous partner genes causes different leukemia phenotypes that depend on the function of partner genes. MLLT3-MLL is generated by translocation t(9;11), which primarily induces acute myeloid leukemia in humans, ...
Almeida C - - 2011
Phaseolus vulgaris has two 5S rDNA sites in chromosomes 6 and 10 and from two up to nine 45S rDNA sites depending on the accession. The presence of three 45S rDNA sites, in chromosomes 6, 9 and 10, is considered the ancestral state for the species. For P. lunatus, only ...
Scrivanti L R - - 2010
Mitotic chromosome number of 14 taxa of Bothriochloa native to Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay were surveyed. Chromosome numbers of B. eurylemma, B. meridionalis and B. velutina are reported for the first time, with 2n = 6x = 60, and this ploidy level is the most common among the studied taxa. ...
Silver Tia D - - 2010
Chlorarachniophytes are enigmatic marine unicellular algae that acquired photosynthesis by secondary endosymbiosis. Chlorarachniophytes are unusual in that the nucleus of the engulfed algal cell (a green alga) persists in a miniaturized form, termed a nucleomorph. The nucleomorph genome of the model chlorarachniophyte, Bigelowiella natans CCMP621, is 373 kilobase pairs (kbp) ...
Acosta M C - - 2011
B chromosomes are additional dispensable chromosomes that may be present in some individuals, populations, or species, which have probably arisen from the A chromosomes but follow their own evolutionary pathway. Supposedly, B chromosomes do not contain major genes except for ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences that have been mapped on the ...
Blanco D R - - 2011
Karyotype and cytogenetic characteristics of 2 species of giant trahiras, Hopliasintermedius, São Francisco river basin, and Hopliasaimara, Arinos river (Amazon basin), were examined by conventional (C-banding, Ag-NOR, DAPI/CMA(3) double-staining) and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with 5S, 18S rDNA probes and cross-species Cot-1 DNA probing. Both species invariably had diploid ...
Golczyk Hieronim - - 2010
High- and low-stringency FISH and base-specific fluorescence were performed on the permanent translocation heterozygote Rhoeo spathacea (2n = 12). Our results indicate that 45S rDNA arrays, rDNA-related sequences and other GC-rich DNA fraction(s) are located within the pericentromeric regions of all twelve chromosomes, usually colocalizing with the chromomycin A(3)-positive bands. ...
López Alicia - - 2010
Subseries Turnera comprises a polyploid complex with ploidy levels ranging from diploid (2n = 2x = 10) to octoploid (2n = 8x = 40). The use of fluorescent in situ hybridization greatly improved the knowledge of the karyotypes of Turnera species by detecting and mapping rDNA sites. Interspecific variability in ...
Singh Mamta - - 2010
Dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed to study the simultaneous localization of major (45S) and minor (5S) family ribosomal RNA genes on chromosomes of Neolissochilus hexagonolepis. The partial 45S (18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS 2 and 28S) and complete 5S (coding and NTS) rDNA units were amplified, sequenced, ...
Zhu Hua Ping - - 2010
In this study, classical and molecular cytogenetic analyses were performed in tilapia fishes, Oreochromis mossambicus (XX/XY sex determination system), O. urolepis hornorum (WZ/ZZ sex determination system) and their hybrid by crossing O. mossambicus female x O. u. hornorum male. An identical karyotype ((2n = 44, NF (total number of chromosomal ...
Carvalho R A - - 2010
Cytogenetic analyses of the location of 18S and 5S ribosomal DNAs, and the base composition of B chromosomes of Iheringichthys labrosus from Tibagi River, Paraná, Brazil, are provided. AgNORs were observed in the terminal position on the long arm of a subtelocentric chromosome pair. CMA3-positive staining was observed in some ...
da Silva Carlos Roberto Maximiano - - 2010
Studies of rDNA location in holocentric chromosomes of the Cyperaceae are scarce, but a few reports have indicated the occurrence of multiple 45S rDNA sites at terminal positions, and in the decondensed state of these regions in prometaphase/metaphase. To extend our knowledge of the number 45S and 5S rDNA sites ...
de Oliveira Sárah Gomes - - 2010
The Coleopterans of Scarabaeinae clade presents Coprophanaeus (Megaphanaeus) ensifer and C. (Coprophanaeus) cyanescens (Scarabaeidae) when they are studied cytogenetically by different techniques. The species present symmetric karyotypes, diploid number of 2n=20, and meta-submetacentric chromosomes. C. (M.) ensifer present an XY sex-determining mechanism and C. (C.) cyanescens an XY(p) parachute mechanism. ...
Fukushima Kenji - - 2011
To clarify the evolutionary dynamics of ribosomal RNA genes (rDNAs) in the Byblis liniflora complex (Byblidaceae), we investigated the 5S and 45S rDNA genes through (1) chromosomal physical mapping by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and (2) phylogenetic analyses using the nontranscribed spacer of 5S rDNA (5S-NTS) and the internal ...
Maghuly Fatemeh - - 2010
Physical mapping of rDNA genes was used to karyotype two cherry rootstocks, Prunus subhirtella (PAR) and P. incisa xserrula (PIS), since the identification of homologous pairs is hampered by the high degree of similarity and the small size of the chromosomes. The genome size of PAR and PIS was obtained ...
Vasconcelos Santelmo - - 2010
The increasing need for renewable energy resources has led to higher demands for biofuel, a scenario where the castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) seed oil represents a promising source of raw material. Despite that, information regarding the genome organization of R. communis is still scarce, impairing the application of modern ...
Liu C - - 2010
Chromosome identification is critical for cytogenetic research and will accelerate studies on genetic variation and breeding, especially for those species with relatively little sequence information. So far, no reliable cytological landmarks have been developed to distinguish individual chromosomes in melon. In this study, using FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) combined ...
Orosová Martina - - 2010
Karyotype and chromosomal characteristics, i.e. number and location of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) clusters, and sequence variation of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) were studied in a monozoic (unsegmented) tapeworm, Caryophyllaeides fennica (Caryophyllidea), using conventional and Ag-staining, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with 18S rDNA probe, and PCR amplification, ...
Ubeda-Manzanaro María - - 2010
In the present study dual-colour fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed to study the chromosomal distribution of 18S and 5S rDNAs, (GATA)(n) and 5S rDNA, and U2 snRNA and 18S rDNA in four species of Batrachoididae family: Amphichthys cryptocentrus, Batrachoides manglae, Porichthys plectrodon and Thalassophryne maculosa. The 18S rDNA ...
Gaeta Marcos Letaif - - 2010
Copaifera langsdorffii possesses 2n = 24 large meta- and submetacentric chromosomes (5.97-2.60 microm) in comparison with other Caesalpinioideae trees. Chromosome banding revealed an abundance of GC-rich blocks with a few differences in the size and location of bands between different populations. Polymerase chain reaction and digestion with restriction enzyme RsaI ...
Talia P - - 2010
In the present work we report new tools for the characterization of the complete chromosome complement of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), using a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone containing repetitive sequences with similarity to retrotransposons and a homologous rDNA sequence isolated from the sunflower genome as probes for FISH. The ...
Nguyen Petr - - 2010
We examined chromosomal distribution of major ribosomal DNAs (rDNAs), clustered in the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs), in 18 species of moths and butterflies using fluorescence in situ hybridization with a codling moth (Cydia pomonella) 18S rDNA probe. Most species showed one or two rDNA clusters in their haploid karyotype but ...
Larracuente Amanda M AM Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA. - - 2010
One of the most striking cases of sex chromosome reorganization in Drosophila occurred in the lineage ancestral to Drosophila pseudoobscura, where there was a translocation of Y-linked genes to an autosome. These genes went from being present only in males, never recombining, and having an effective population size of 0.5N ...
Tu Y Q - - 2010
With the dye and medicinal plant Isatis indigotica (2n = 14) as pollen parent, intertribal sexual hybrids with Brassica napus (2n = 38, AACC) were obtained and characterized. Among a lot of F1 plants produced, only five hybrids (H1-H5) were distinguished morphologically from female B. napus parents by showing low ...
Badaeva Ekaterina D - - 2010
The chromosome set of Avena macrostachya Balansa ex Coss. et Durieu was analyzed using C-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization with 5S and 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA gene probes, and the results were compared with the C-genome diploid Avena L. species. The location of major nucleolar organizer regions and 5S rDNA sites ...
Mahelka Václav - - 2010
Four accessions of hexaploid Elymus repens from its native Central European distribution area were analyzed using sequencing of multicopy (internal transcribed spacer, ITS) and single-copy (granule-bound starch synthase I, GBSSI) DNA in concert with genomic and fluorescent in situ hybridization (GISH and FISH) to disentangle its allopolyploid origin. Despite extensive ...
Ohmido Nobuko - - 2010
To construct a high-resolution pachytene chromosome map, we used the chromosome image analyzing system version 3 and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Two ribosomal RNA genes (45S rDNA and 5S rDNA), two major tandem repeat DNAs (LjTR1 and LjTR2), two major retroelements (LjRE1 and LjRE2), and 27 transformation-competent artificial chromosome clones ...
Cioffi M B - - 2010
The wolf fish Hoplias malabaricus (Erythrinidae) presents a high karyotypic diversity, with 7 karyomorphs identified. Karyomorph A is characterized by 2n = 42 chromosomes, without morphologically differentiated sex chromosomes. Karyomorph B also has 2n = 42 chromosomes for both sexes, but differs by a distinct heteromorphic XX/XY sex chromosome system. ...
Yao X C - - 2010
From dual-color genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) analysis of three trigenomic hybrids, Brassica maurorum (MM, 2n = 16) x B. juncea (AABB, 2n = 36) (M.AB), B. maurorum x B. carinata (BBCC, 2n = 34) (M.BC), and B. carinata x B. maurorum (BC.M), the three genomes of each hybrid were ...
Mazzella C - - 2010
Many Achyrocline (Asteraceae, tribe Gnaphalieae) species are widely used in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay as popular medicinal and aromatic plants. Achyrocline flaccida, A. satureioides, A. alata, and A. crassiuscula are distributed in Uruguay and popularly known as 'marcelas'. In order to characterize them, we performed chromosome counts, compared the karyotypes, ...
Porto F E - - 2010
We made a cytogenetic study of Rineloricaria pentamaculata from the Tauá Stream, in the Pirapó River sub-basin in Paraná State, Brazil, focused on the occurrence and origins of the B chromosomes. The diploid number varied from 2n = 56 to 2n = 59, due to the presence of 0 to ...
Kirtiklis Lech - - 2010
The chromosomes of three species from the genus Leuciscus (the ide L. idus, the European chub L. cephalus and the common dace L. leuciscus) were examined with the FISH technique for 5S and 28S rDNA probes. The analysis showed that among the three examined species, 5S rDNA signals were located ...
Khaitov? L - - 2010
The polyploid species in Rosa section Caninae (2n=21, 28 or 35) are characterized by an unusual reproductive system known as odd (or asymmetric) meiosis. Only two chromosome sets form bivalents in meiosis, whereas the remaining chromosomes are transmitted as univalents through the female germline. Evolution of ribosomal rRNA genes (rDNA) ...
Ksiazczyk T - - 2010
This study focuses on the variability of chromosomal location and number of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sites in some diploid and autotetraploid Festuca pratensis and Lolium perenne cultivars, as well as on identification of rDNA-bearing chromosomes in their triploid and tetraploid F. pratensis × L. perenne hybrids. The rDNA loci were ...
Cioffi Marcelo B - - 2010
The fish, Erythrinus erythrinus, shows an interpopulation diversity, with four karyomorphs differing by chromosomal number, chromosomal morphology and heteromorphic sex chromosomes. Karyomorph A has a diploid number of 2n = 54 and does not have differentiated sex chromosomes. Karyomorph D has 2n = 52 chromosomes in females and 2n = ...
Poletto Andréia B - - 2010
Diverse plant and animal species have B chromosomes, also known as accessory, extra or supernumerary chromosomes. Despite being widely distributed among different taxa, the genomic nature and genetic behavior of B chromosomes are still poorly understood. In this study we describe the occurrence of B chromosomes in the African cichlid ...
Orosov? Martina - - 2010
This paper reports results of the first cytogenetic study carried out on a recently described monozoic tapeworm, Khawia saurogobii Xi et al., 2009, from the Chinese lizard gudgeon (Saurogobio dabryi). The karyotype of this species is composed of eight pairs of metacentric and telocentric chromosomes (2n = 16; n = ...
Singh Mamta - - 2009
Chromosomal locations of major 45S and minor 5S ribosomal DNAs (rDNAs) and organization of 5S rRNA genes were analysed in five different populations of golden mahseers (Tor putitora) using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern blot hybridization. All five populations of T. putitora (2n = 100) showed a similar ...
Bellafronte E - - 2009
Conventional and molecular chromosomal analyses were carried out on three populations of Apareiodon ibitiensis sampled from the hydrographic basins of the São Francisco River and Upper Paraná River (Brazil). The results reveal a conserved diploid number (2n = 54 chromosomes), a karyotype formula consisting of 50 m-sm + 4st and ...
Falistocco E - - 2009
Ficus carica (2n = 26) is one of the oldest fruit trees of the Mediterranean basin. Recently there has been increasing interest in this species, in particular for questions related to germplasm such as genetic diversity and cultivar identification. This study was undertaken to gain more knowledge of F. carica ...
Cabral-de-Mello D C - - 2010
Male mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of two species of the genus Deltochilum (Scarabaeidae) were analyzed through conventional staining, C-banding, base-specific fluorochromes, silver nitrate staining (AgNO(3)) and FISH (45S rDNA). The two species possessed karyotypes with 2n=14, neo-XY and meta-submetacentric chromosomes. The analysis of constitutive heterochromatin (CH) revealed mainly diphasic chromosomes ...
Schlesinger Sharon - - 2009
Human cells contain several hundred ribosomal genes (rDNA) that are clustered into nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) on the short arms of five different acrocentric chromosomes. Only approximately 50% of the gene copies are actually expressed in somatic cells. Here, we used a new cytological technique to demonstrate that rDNA is ...
Petraccioli Agnese - - 2010
The present paper shows the results of chromosome banding and rDNA-FISH study performed on several specimens of different populations of Patella caerulea, Patella rustica and Patella ulyssiponensis. The taxonomic attribution of specimens was ascertained by the molecular phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene. P. caerulea and P. rustica ...
Cabral-de-Mello D C - - 2010
Chromosomal banding techniques and repetitive DNA mapping are useful tools in comparative analysis and in the elucidation of genome organization of several groups of eukaryotes. In this study, we contributed to the knowledge of Coleoptera genomes by reporting the chromosomal organization of repetitive DNA sequences, as well as the presence ...
Dydak Marta - - 2009
Cytogenetic analysis of several populations of Centaurea jacea (2n = 4x = 44), C. oxylepis (2n = 4x = 44) and C. phrygia (2n = 2x = 22) was performed using flow cytometry, differential chromosome staining and FISH. In all species Arabidopsis-type telomeric repeats hybridized only to the terminal part ...
Siqueira S?rgio - - 2009
We report a cytogenetic analysis of three Pristimantis fenestratus frog populations of the Amazon region in Brazil. The specimens were sampled in Borba and Manaus, Amazonas State, and in Rio Branco, Acre State. They were analyzed using Giemsa, silver staining, C-banding and FISH with rDNA probes. The karyotypes of the ...
Pazza Rubens - - 2009
Ornamental fish culture is important as an economic activity and for biodiversity conservation as well. The species of the genus Trichogaster (Perciformes, Osphronemidae), popularly known as three-spot gourami, are among the several commercial species raised around the world. In the present work, eight specimens of Thrichogaster trichopterus from aquarium trade ...
Kong F - - 2009
The number and position of 18S-25S rDNA sites in 4 selected Lupinus species are reported for the first time. L. atlanticus, L. subcarnosus and L. paniculatus had two rDNA loci, while L. albus exhibited only one loci. Among these 4 species, all of them exhibited one large pair of strong ...
de Arcanjo Amanda Paulino - - 2009
Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of several populations of Eurysternus caribaeus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) were analysed through conventional staining, C-banding, base-specific fluorochromes, silver nitrate staining and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). All specimens showed 2n = 8 in their karyotypes, with a neo-XY sex system (Y is a submetacentric and X a ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >