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El-Gilany Abdel-Hady - - 2011
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal disorder. It has three chromosomal patterns. To determine the cytogenetic and comorbidity profiles of DS in the Genetic Unit of Mansoura University Children's Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt. A retrospective analysis was performed on the case records of 712 cytogenetically diagnosed cases of DS ...
Martínez-López W - - 2010
Cells with a transcription coupled repair (TCR) deficiency are characterized by a higher sensitivity to UVC irradiation and by an increase in apoptosis and chromosomal aberration frequencies. It has been claimed that the higher frequency of chromosomal aberrations results from the transcription blockage caused by UVC-lesions located in the transcribed ...
Grzes M - - 2009
The gene encoding myostatin (MSTN), due to its crucial function for growth of skeletal muscle mass, is an important candidate for muscularity. In this study we analyzed the nucleotide sequence and FISH localization of this gene in 4 canids, including 3 farm species. The nucleotide sequence of the MSTN coding ...
Panjamurthy K - - 2008
The present study has investigated the antigenotoxic effect of withaferin-A, a steroidal lactone obtained from the roots and leaves of Withania somnifera, in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced genotoxicity. Measurement of the frequency of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MnPCEs) and chromosomal aberrations is used as cytogenetic endpoints. A single intraperitoneal injection of DMBA (30 ...
Li Changbao - - 2008
In 2003, the International Solanaceae Project (SOL) was initiated by an international consortium of ten countries including Korea, China, the United Kingdom, India, the Netherlands, France, Japan, Spain, Italy and the United States. The first major effort of the SOL aimed to produce a DNA sequence map for euchromatin regions ...
Leung Grace Tak Yu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study aims to develop and validate a Chinese translation of the 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale - a widely used instrument to measure loneliness - specifically determining its psychometric properties in community-dwelling Chinese elders in Hong Kong. The relationships between loneliness and several clinical variables are also ...
Lee Wai-Sum - - 2008
In the target undershoot model, vowel duration is considered as the main determinant of vowel reduction, resulting in undershoot in formant frequencies relative to the "bull's-eye formant pattern" (Lindblom, 1963). The model predicts more schwa-like formant frequencies as vowel duration is shortened. In Hakka Chinese, vowel phonemes i e a ...
Satkoski J - - 2008
The genetic structures of wild and captive rhesus macaque populations within China were compared by analyzing the mtDNA sequences of 203 captive-bred Chinese rhesus macaques with 77 GenBank sequences from wild-caught animals trapped throughout China. The genotypes of 22 microsatellites of captive Chinese rhesus macaques were also compared with those ...
Tsai Yi-Yu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate polymorphisms in a candidate gene of interleukin (IL) in unrelated Taiwan Chinese patients with late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and control subjects without AMD. METHODS: In this retrospective, case-control study, 312 unrelated Taiwan Chinese patients with late AMD and 180 age- and sex-matched control subjects were enrolled. ...
Wang Xue-Ding - - 2008
The pregnane X receptor (PXR/NR1I2) gene is a master regulator for a number of cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and drug transporters. This study aimed to detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PXR gene in Han Chinese (n = 186) and to compare the frequencies of polymorphisms of the PXR ...
Che J - - 2008
Chinese pangolins as a representative species in the order Pholidota have highly specified morphological characters and occupy an important place in the mammalian phylogenetic tree. To obtain genomic data for this species, we have constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of Chinese pangolin. The library contains 208,272 clones with ...
Chen S - - 2008
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) in Australia and China have similar origins, with introductions from Europe, Canada, and Japan in the mid 20th century, and there has been some interchange of germplasm between China and Australia since that time. Allelic diversity of 72 B. napus genotypes representing contemporary germplasm in Australia ...
Cervantes M C MC Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0805, USA. - - 2007
In humans, reactive aggression is associated with impulsivity. The purpose of this study is to relate reactive and impulsive aggression in humans with offensive aggression in animals and identify neurobiological correlates associated with certain forms of the behavior. We predicted that individual differences in offensive aggression are associated with individual ...
Garcia-Barceló Maria-Mercè - - 2007
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR, colonic aganglionosis) is an oligogenic entity that usually requires mutations in RET and other interacting loci. Decreased levels of RET expression may lead to the manifestation of HSCR. We previously showed that RET transcription was decreased due to alteration of the TITF1 binding site by two HSCR-associated ...
Nestmann Earle R - - 2007
Lead chromate pigment in the form of the commercial pigment, Pigment Yellow 34, CAS No. 1344-37-2, used in the plastics and coatings industries, did not induce chromosome aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line WB(L). Lead chromate pigment is essentially insoluble in water, and in an effort to test ...
Qian W - - 2007
Chinese semi-winter rapeseed is genetically diverse from Canadian and European spring rapeseed. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of semi-winter rapeseed for spring rapeseed hybrid breeding, to assess the genetic effects involved, and to estimate the correlation of parental genetic distance (GD) with hybrid performance, heterosis, general combining ...
Sitnikova Natalia A - - 2007
Cross-species chromosome painting has become the mainstay of comparative cytogenetic and chromosome evolution studies. Here we have made a set of chromosomal painting probes for the field vole (Microtus agrestis) by DOP-PCR amplification of flow-sorted chromosomes. Together with painting probes of golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) and mouse (Mus musculus), the ...
Lu Xiao-Mei XM Medical Research Center, 1st Teaching Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, - - 2006
To investigate the glutathione-S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) polymorphisms in three Chinese minorities, Kazakh, Uygur, and Tajik; and the pathological significance of GSTM1 polymorphisms in esophageal carcinogenesis in Kazakh. A total of 1121 blood samples (442 males and 679 females) were obtained from healthy Kazakh (654), Uygur (412) and Tajik (55). Primary ...
Romanenko Svetlana A - - 2006
The laboratory mouse (Mus musculus, 2n = 40), the Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus, 2n = 22), and the golden (Syrian) hamster (Mesocricetus auratus, 2n = 44) are common laboratory animals, extensively used in biomedical research. In contrast with the mouse genome, which was sequenced and well characterized, the hamster species ...
Guan Su S Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Road, section 2, Guangzhou 510080, People's Republic of - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate the allele frequencies of CYP2B6 gene in 193 Han Chinese and compared with 91 Uygur Chinese. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms of CYP2B6, 64C > T, 516G > T, 777C > A, 785A > G and 1459C > T, were tested using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction ...
Liu W - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The sun-reactive skin types in 404 Chinese females living in different cities were investigated in this study. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed according to the original concept of skin types proposed by Fitzpatrick and the investigation was conducted in two ways: self-administered reporting and then a personal interview. Minimal ...
Guan Su S Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2006
Cytochrome P450 (CYP2B6) is an important enzyme that metabolizes more than eight compounds and about 3.0% of therapeutic drugs. The genetic polymorphisms of CYP2B6 have earlier been studied in Caucasian, Japanese and Korean, but the data are lacking for Han Chinese. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Liu Yi-Ping - - 2006
Cockfighting has a very long history dating back to as early as 2500 years ago in China. Cockfighting was intertwined with human cultural traditions, helped disperse chickens across the world, and influenced the subsequent breed selection. Therefore, tracing the origin of gamecocks could mirror the distribution of the cockfighting culture. ...
Hu W-H - - 2005
Polymorphism of HLA-DPB1 was revealed with a sequencing-based typing (SBT) method in 47 unrelated healthy individuals from Yunnan Hani ethnic minority. The alleles DPB1*5901 and DPB1*7001 were detected for the first time in Chinese populations. A dendrogram showed that the Hani ethnic group belongs to the southern group of Chinese.
Dumpitak Christian - - 2005
An inert polysaccharide scaffold identified as a 5-15% component of prion rods (PrP 27-30) is unambiguously distinguishable from the N-glycosyl groups and the GPI anchor of PrP, and consists predominantly of 1,4-linked glucose with some branching via 1,4,6-linked glucose. We show that this polysaccharide scaffold is a common secondary component ...
Wu Yangzhe - - 2006
CHO cells possess easily identifiable karyotypes, and CHO cell chromosomes are large and few in number, making these cells ideal for mutational and drug toxicity studies and suitable for investigations of animal chromosome structure. Here, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) in the tapping mode for detailed visualizations of Chinese ...
Deng Fei-Yan - - 2005
Peak bone mass (PBM) is a complex trait, determined by both genetic and environmental factors and also their interactions. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), interleukin 6 (IL6), parathyroid hormone (PTH), collagen type I alpha 2 (COL1A2), bone Gla protein (BGP), alpha2-HS glycoprotein (AHSG) are among the important ...
Zhong Shi-Long - - 2005
This study was to compare the frequencies of genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 in Uygur Chinese with those in Han Chinese. GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were analyzed by a PCR-Multiplex procedure, whereas GSTP1 polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP. The frequency of GSTM1 null genotype in Han Chinese (56.1%) ...
Szczerbal Izabela - - 2005
The distribution of B chromosomes in a group of twenty-six farm Chinese raccoon dogs was analysed using Giemsa staining and sequentional Q/C banding techniques. It was shown that three different types of B chromosomes are widely distributed among the studied animals. The variability of the B chromosome number was limited ...
Chi J - - 2005
To investigate the karyotypic relationships between Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi), forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) and gayal (Bos frontalis), a complete set of Chinese muntjac chromosome-specific painting probes has been assigned to G-banded chromosomes of these three species. Sixteen autosomal probes (i.e. 6-10, 12-22) of the Chinese muntjac each delineated ...
Hong Yeongjin - - 2004
Lec23 Chinese hamster ovary cells are defective in alpha-glucosidase I activity, which removes the distal alpha(1,2)-linked glucose residue from Glc(3)Man(9)GlcNAc(2) moieties attached to glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in the human GCS1 gene give rise to the congenital disorder of glycosylation termed CDG IIb. Lec23 mutant cells have been ...
Zhang Jian-Ping - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the gene mutation of thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) in Uygur Chinese. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction-based methods were used to analyze three commonly reported inactivating mutations-G238C, G460A and A719G. RESULTS: One TPMT*3A heterozygote and five TPMT*3C heterozygotes were found in 160 Uygur Chinese subjects, and allele ...
Szakál Barnabás - - 2004
The Chinese hamster is one of the few mammalian species that are characterized by relatively poor heterochromatin content. It was intriguing to test whether or not the lack of large blocks of heterochromatin in the hamster chromosomes could be correlated with the absence or species-specific differences of the HP1 proteins, ...
Marcon F - - 2004
The human-Chinese hamster hybrid cell line XR-C1#8, containing human chromosome 8, was used as a model system to investigate the relative importance of cellular enzymatic environment and chromosomal structure for modulating the efficiency of repair of UV-induced DNA damage. The hybrid cells were irradiated with UVC light and the extent ...
Deng Wei - - 2004
Y-chromosomes from 76 Chinese men covering 33 ethnic minorities throughout China as well as the Han majority were collected as genetic material for the study of Chinese nonrecombinant Y-chromosome (NRY) phylogeny. Of the accepted worldwide NRY haplogroups, three (haplogroups D, C, O) were significant in this sample, extending previous assessments ...
Sciandrello Giulia - - 2004
Early genetic instability induced in dividing V79-Cl3 Chinese hamster cells by inorganic arsenic, as demonstrated in our previous investigation, was evidenced by aneuploidy and nuclear abnormalities, but not by chromosomal rearrangements. Here we report the results of cytogenetic and morphological analyses performed on the progeny of cells dividing at the ...
Zhang Jianjun - - 2004
The cancer spectrum and genetic pathways underlying tumorigenesis vary among different ethnic populations due to genetic background and/or environment discrepancies. We have implied in our previous study that the genetic alterations found in bladder cancers of Chinese patients differ from those of Caucasians. We performed the present study to explore ...
Zhang Jian-Xu - - 2003
This study examined the behavioral and physiological effects of long-term exposure to overdose of aversive odor (predator odor) in two species of hamsters. About 0.05 mg of anal gland secretions of Siberian weasels (Mustela sibirica) was smeared at the oronasal groove of wild male ratlike hamsters (Cricetulus triton) (natural prey) ...
Nishida Takashi - - 2003
Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24) plays important roles in the control of the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes in vitro. To clarify the mechanisms of regulation by CTGF/Hcs24 with respect to cartilage metabolism, we investigated the interaction between CTGF/Hcs24 and heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan. An immunofluorescence ...
Zong Xu Xiao - - 2003
A selected set of accessions of components of the azuki bean (Vigna angularis) complex comprising 123 cultivated accessions and 23 wild or weedy accessions from Bhutan, China (including Taiwan), India, Japan, Korea, and Nepal was analyzed using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) methodology. Using 12 AFLP primer pairs, 580 unambiguous ...
Tampal Nilufer M - - 2003
The multidrug resistance (MDR) transporter is a phosphorylated glycoprotein (P-gp) that has been implicated in the efflux of a large variety of xenobiotics, thereby protecting vital organs. This study examines the hypothesis that the multidrug resistance transporter is involved in restricting the entry of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) into the brain. ...
Mesner L D - - 2003
Centered in the Chinese hamster dihydrofolate reductase origin of replication is a prominent nuclear matrix attachment region (MAR). Indirect lines of evidence suggested that this MAR might be required for origin activation in early S phase. To test this possibility, we have deleted the MAR from a Chinese hamster ovary ...
Paranjape Smita P - - 2003
Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cells were susceptible to Herpes Simplex type-1 and Chandipura viruses; which induced chromosomal abnormalities in these cells. Chromosomal changes induced in these cells were specific. The cells were refractory to measles virus and chromosomal abnormalities were not detected after inoculation of the virus. On the other ...
Nie Wenhui - - 2003
The Chinese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides procyonoides, 2n = 54 + 2-3 B) and Japanese raccoon dog (Nyctereutes p. viverrinus, 2n = 38 + 3-4 B) are two subspecies of the same species. The genome-wide comparative chromosome map between the Japanese raccoon dog and domestic dog (Canis familiaris) has been ...
Szczerbal I - - 2003
New chromosomal assignments of canine-derived cosmid clones containing microsatellites to the Chinese raccoon dog and arctic fox genomes are presented in the study. The localizations are in agreement with data obtained from comparative chromosome painting experiments between the dog and arctic fox genomes. However, paracentric inversions have been detected by ...
Szczerbal I - - 2003
In the present report we show the chromosomal localization of two BAC clones, carrying the leptin (LEP) and insuline-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) genes, respectively, in four species belonging to the family Canidae: the dog, red fox, arctic fox and the Chinese raccoon dog. The assignments are in agreement with ...
Wang Y - - 2002
Light-emitting reporter proteins play an increasing role in the study of gene expression in vitro and in vivo. Here we present a ruc-gfp fusion gene construct generated by fusing a cDNA for Renilla luciferase (ruc) in-frame with a cDNA encoding the "humanized" GFP (gfp) from Aequorea. A plasmid containing the ...
Antón Susan C - - 2002
Homo erectus inhabited a wide geographic area of Asia, ranging from 40 degrees north latitude in China to 8 degrees south latitude in island Southeast Asia. Yet variation within Asian H. erectus and its relation to ecological and temporal parameters have been little studied. I synthesize the revised radiometric chronologies ...
Denegri Marco - - 2002
We previously reported the identification of a novel nuclear compartment detectable in heat-shocked HeLa cells that we termed stress-induced Src-activated during mitosis nuclear body (SNB). This structure is the recruitment center for heat shock factor 1 and for a number of RNA processing factors, among a subset of Serine-Arginine splicing ...
Niu Dong - - 2002
The first 539 bases of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region of six Chinese native chicken breeds (Gallus gallus domesticus) were sequenced and compared to those of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), the gray junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii), the green junglefowl (Gallus varius) and Lafayette's junglefowl (Gallus lafayettei) reported in GenBank, and the ...
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