Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 603
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Brahe C - - 1993
Linkage analysis and prenatal prediction in families segregating autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has become feasible since the assignment of the locus responsible for type I-III SMA to region 5q12-q13.3. We have performed a segregation study of SMA in Italian families using molecular probes and highly informative PCR-based polymorphic ...
Soares V M - - 1993
The childhood-onset SMA locus has been mapped to chromosome 5q13, in a region bounded by the proximal locus, D5S6, and the closely linked distal loci, D5S112 and MAP1B. We now describe a highly polymorphic, tightly linked microsatellite marker (D5S435) that is very likely the closest proximal marker to the SMA ...
Hausmanowa-Petrusewicz I - - 1993
DNA analysis was carried out in 113 patients of 103 families. In 58 families (55%) deletions were found using different cDNA probes. The attempt of studying the correlation between mental retardation in patients and the exon deletions was made. Dystrophin was evaluated in 80 patients including 12 affected females. One ...
Velinov M - - 1993
Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy (LGMD) is a rare form of muscular dystrophy inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. The LGMD locus was recently mapped to chromosome 15. We tested the hypothesis that fibrillin is a candidate in the etiology of the disorder by genetic linkage analysis. A large Amish kindred segregating ...
Ben Othmane K - - 1992
Autosomal recessive Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy (DLMD) is a severe dystrophic myopathy. The incidence is unknown because of its clinical similarity to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Three highly inbred DLMD families from Tunisia were analysed for chromosomal linkage using 135 polymorphic microsatellite markers. A significant lod score of z = 9.15 ...
Khurana T S - - 1992
Chromosome 6-encoded dystrophin-related-protein (DRP) shows significant structural similarities to dystrophin at the carboxyl terminus, though the two proteins are encoded on different chromosomes. Both DRP and dystrophin are expressed in muscle and brain and show some similarity in their subcellular localization. For example, in skeletal muscle both are expressed at ...
Remón L - - 1992
To establish a standard of normality, the authors studied the central and peripheral (superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal) corneal thickness of 152 healthy, white race, full-term newborns (304 eyes) between 1 and 6 days old, using ultrasonic pachymetry. The mean central corneal thickness (CCT) was 585 +/- 52 microns (ranging ...
Harding A E - - 1992
Rapid progress has been made in elucidating the molecular genetic basis of several neuromuscular disorders in the past year. Candidate genes have been identified or analysed in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) type I, X-linked bulbospinal neuronopathy and non-dystrophic myotonic disorders, and further mutations causing amyloidosis have been identified. ...
Simard L R - - 1992
Chronic childhood-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is, after Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the most common neuromuscular disorder in childhood. Recent linkage analyses have mapped this disease to 5q12-5q14. We show that chronic SMA (Types II and III) is tightly linked to the marker locus D5S39 (Zmax = 5.47 at theta = ...
DeMarco P - - 1992
We derived the cone fundamentals for X-chromosome-linked anomalous trichromats for the wavelength range of 400-700 nm. Pigment templates were constructed from the cone fundamentals of normal trichromats after correction for ocular media absorption. The resultant retinal-level sensitivities had small irregularities in the short-wavelength region that were smoothed. The pigment templates, ...
Gilbert J R - - 1992
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been localized to the 4q35-qter region of chromosome 4. Linkage analyses of two polymorphic markers from the region, D4S139 and D4S163, have been carried out using four large multigenerational FSHD families. The results indicate that both markers are closely linked to FSHD, with D4S139 being ...
Brzustowicz L M - - 1992
The microtubule-associated protein 1B (MAP1B) locus has been mapped in close proximity to spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) on chromosome 5q13. We have identified a second microsatellite within a MAP1B intron, which increases the heterozygosity of this locus to 94%. Two unambiguous recombination events establish MAP1B as a closely linked, distal ...
Jansen G - - 1992
The mutation involved in myotonic dystrophy (DM) has been mapped to the region between the ERCC1 DNA repair gene and the anonymous D19S51 locus on 19q13.3. Starting at locus D19S112 (probe pX75b), which served as a novel entry site for this chromosome region, we have established a cosmid contig of ...
Brook J D - - 1992
The myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene maps to the long arm of human chromosome 19 and is flanked by markers ERCC1 and D19S51. Also mapping to this region is the polio virus receptor gene (PVS). To produce more markers for this interval, we have constructed radiation-reduced hybrids by selecting for the ...
Trask B J - - 1992
We report here on the order of three DNA markers, C7, B24, and L1, based on the arrangement of their fluorescently labeled hybridization sites in interphase cell nuclei. The three markers map distal to the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), glycerol kinase deficiency (GKD), and adrenal hypoplasia (AHC) loci on human ...
Adinolfi M - - 1992
Recent studies suggest that a non-isotopic in situ hybridisation (NISH) approach can be successfully employed to investigate the carrier status of female relatives in families of selected patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) or Hunter syndrome, whose diseases are due to a specific X chromosome deletion. Whilst the majority of ...
Müller B - - 1992
We present the results of an international collaborative study aimed at estimating the ratio of male to female mutation rates in Duchenne muscular dystrophy based on the method of C. Müller and T. Grimm. With a sample size of 295, this ratio is found to be very close to 1, ...
Holt W S WS - - 1992
Neurofibromatosis is the most common single-gene disorder of the nervous system. The chromosomal defects for at least two forms of neurofibromatosis have been delineated and mapped to chromosomes 17 (type 1) and 22 (type 2). The clinical course for either type of neurofibromatosis is unpredictable, and serious neurologic and systemic ...
Müller B - - 1992
Proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of progressive muscular diseases recently mapped to chromosome 5q. SMA is usually classified into types I-III, and there are cases of two types of SMA in the same sibship. Becker and others later proposed that these sibships might be due to the ...
Morrison K E - - 1992
Although autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been mapped to chromosome 5q12-q13, there is for this region no genetic map based on highly informative markers. In this study we present the mapping of two previously reported microsatellite markers in 40 CEPH and 31 SMA pedigrees. We also describe the ...
Beggs A H - - 1992
Abnormalities of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein of muscle and nerve, are generally considered specific for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. However, several patients have recently been identified with dystrophin deficiency who, before dystrophin testing, were considered to have Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) on the basis of clinical findings. Epidemiologic ...
Baldrich K - - 1992
Frequent recurrent mutations of the human dystrophin gene lead to Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. Although the approximately 2.5 Mb size of the gene may form a large target for mutations it is not clear to date which mechanisms promote the observed high frequency of spontaneous mutants (1 in 10,000 ...
Naylor J M - - 1992
Electromyography (EMG) was used to detect myotonic discharges in Quarter Horse breeding stock and to follow the results of mating horses with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HPP). The studies were performed on two brood mare farms. A total of six breeding stock showed myotonic discharges and 15 were nonmyotonic. Myotonic discharges ...
van Osch L D - - 1992
Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD) is a rare X linked disease which is characterised by follicular hyperkeratosis of the skin and corneal dystrophy. Seven male patients and six female carriers are described. Special attention has been paid to the dermatological and ophthalmic markers of KFSD in patients and carriers. The ...
Deufel T - - 1992
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic myopathy triggered by a variety of anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxants. In humans, susceptibility to MH is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, and susceptible patients do not show a clinically relevant myopathy unless having suffered from a MH crisis. Homozygosity for the MHS ...
Raskind W H - - 1991
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is an X-linked neurologic disorder characterized by dysmyelination in the central nervous system. Proteolipid protein (PLP), a major structural protein of myelin, is coded on the X chromosome. It has been postulated that a defect in the PLP gene is responsible for PMD. Different single-nucleotide substitutions have ...
Tsilfidis C - - 1991
Recent genetic linkage studies have mapped the myotonic dystrophy (DM) locus to 19q13.3. All closely linked DM markers identified to date have been located on the centromeric side of the disease locus, with a relatively large genetic interval (9 cM) observed between the nearest distal marker and DM. We show ...
Weiss B J - - 1991
We have evaluated a young woman with segmental spinal muscular atrophy, who has a deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 18. She also has vitiligo and lichen sclerosis et atrophicus. She has neither the facial dysmorphism nor the mental deficit usually associated with the 18q- syndrome. ...
Meire F M - - 1991
A family with X-linked megalocornea (XMC) is presented. The most typical ocular features of the disease (cornea globosa, arcus lipoides, mosaic dystrophy of the cornea, pigment dispersion, and cataract) are described and their diagnostic value is discussed by reviewing the literature. Linkage data suggest that the XMC locus maps in ...
Kleyn P W - - 1991
The disease locus for the clinically heterogeneous childhood spinal muscular atrophies (SMA) maps to the chromosome 5 subregion, 5q11.2-13.3. The beta-subunit of beta-D-N-acetylhexosaminidase (hexosaminidase) (EC 3.2.1.52) (Hex B) maps to the same region, and the protein required for substrate recognition by this enzyme, GM2-activator protein, likewise maps to chromosome 5. ...
Mulley J C - - 1991
Linkage was shown between the myotonic dystrophy locus (DM) and a highly polymorphic AC repeat marker within the kallikrein (KLK1) locus (Z = 3.00, theta = 0.0). Linkage between KLK1 and the highly polymorphic AC repeat marker within the apolipoprotein C2 (APOC2) locus, which had been established in normal families, ...
Keith C G - - 1991
One large Australian family with X-linked retinal dystrophy was found to have extreme clinical variability in the hemizygotes. One member had the typical rod-cone disease, three had the cone-rod pattern and one had macroscopic changes in the macular area only, but with low potentials in the ERG. The locus for ...
Warburg M - - 1991
Deletion of 18q211 was observed in a mentally retarded young man with electrophysiologically demonstrated cone-rod dystrophy, present since childhood. He had hypogonadism and a central postsynaptic hearing impairment. This is the first case of a chromosome deletion in a patient with a cone-rod dystrophy. Three patients with more distal deletions ...
Hofmann S L - - 1991
Histidine-rich calcium binding protein (HRC) is a luminal sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) protein of 165 kDa identified by virtue of its ability to bind 125I-labeled low-density lipoprotein with high affinity after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (Hofmann et al., J. Biol. Chem. 264: 8260-8270, 1989). Its role in SR function is ...
Consalez G G - - 1991
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is an X-linked humeroperoneal dystrophy associated with cardiomyopathy that is distinct from the Duchenne and Becker forms of X-linked muscular dystrophy. Linkage analysis has assigned EDMD to the terminal region of the human X chromosome long arm. We report here further linkage analysis in two multigenerational ...
Poungvarin N - - 1991
The first report of the rare combination of myotonia congenita, Klinefelter syndrome and primary hypoparathyroidism was reported. The patient was a 21-year-old man who presented with stiffness of the muscles for 12 years and a history of generalised convulsion for 8 years. His school studies declined gradually and his secondary ...
Stock E L - - 1991
All three types of lattice corneal dystrophy are inherited and localized, and they largely involve linear corneal amyloid deposits. We encountered two white families with lattice corneal dystrophy which closely resembled type III. Four generations of one family and three of another family exhibited lattice corneal dystrophy. Because both families ...
Bailly J - - 1991
Recent studies have shown the gene encoding creatine kinase isoform M (CKMM) to be very closely linked to the myotonic dystrophy (DM) locus on the long arm of chromosome 19. Given this close linkage to DM and the postulated role of CKMM in skeletal muscle contraction, the possibility of a ...
Shutler G - - 1991
Recent genetic linkage analyses have mapped the myotonic dystrophy locus to the region of 19q13.2-13.3 lying distal to the gene for creatine kinase subunit M (CKM). The human excision repair gene ERCC1 has also been mapped to this region of chromosome 19. A novel polymorphic DNA marker, pEO.8, has been ...
Brook J D - - 1991
The most useful markers for the prenatal diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy (DM) are APOC2 and CKM, both of which map proximal to DM. In order to produce other markers useful for DM, we have screened genomic DNA libraries constructed from cell line 20XP3542-1-4, which contains 20 to 30 Mb of ...
Mattei M G - - 1991
In order to refine the physical location of the p105-153Ra and M4 probes which closely flank the spinal muscular atrophy gene (SMA) on human chromosome 5q, in situ hybridization has been carried out on prometaphase chromosomes. Our results demonstrate that the disease gene is located between the 5q12----q13.1 and 5q13.3 ...
Wehnert M - - 1991
In a large German family with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) linkage analysis was performed using the factor IX gene (F9), the factor VIII:C gene (F8), the anonymous DNA probe DXS52, and DXS15 as markers. Tight linkage was found between the EDMD locus and the F8 probe (Zmax = 1.19; theta ...
Petry H M - - 1991
Selective labeling of intravitreal Procion yellow dye by presumed blue-sensitive cone photoreceptors has been demonstrated in primate retina. To determine whether Procion yellow is selective for this cone type in an unrelated vertebrate species, labeling by this dye was studied in goldfish retina, where cone pigment type can be directly ...
Keunen J E - - 1990
We describe a family with an as yet undescribed form of X-linked progressive cone dystrophy in a five-generation pedigree, from which we report here the results of 17 male patients and 31 obligate and 13 possible female carriers. The affected males showed the characteristic picture of cone dystrophy. Foveal cone ...
Munsat T L - - 1990
We made phenotypic analysis of 14 families with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) linking to chromosome 5q11.2-13.3 (SMA 5q), and 2 that may not map to this locus, to assess clinical symptoms among SMA families known to result from mutation at the identical gene/locus. Although the current number of families is ...
Samson F - - 1990
Subtraction hybridization techniques were used to isolate 91 cDNA clones which are overexpressed in normal control skeletal muscle relative to muscle from patients with myotonic muscular dystrophy. The gene responsible for myotonic dystrophy (DM) has been localized to the 19q13.2-13.3 region of chromosome 19. To test as a candidate gene ...
Claustres M - - 1990
We have identified a Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) pedigree with an unexpected pattern of inheritance. Using marker restriction fragment length polymorphisms detected by probes that lie within and outside the DMD gene, we could demonstrate that the maternal grandfather has transmitted two distinct types of X chromosomes to his offspring. ...
Yoshioka M - - 1990
An isolated case of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in a female who has a deletion of the DMD locus is described. This patient was a 26-year-old woman born to unrelated, healthy parents. She was initially examined at age 6 because of a waddling gait. At age 15, pseudohypertrophy of calves ...
Robinson D O - - 1990
The parental origin of 3 de novo X-autosome translocations in females with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) was studied by means of methylation analysis using the X-linked probe M27 beta. In all three the translocation was found to be paternal in origin. The parental origin of X-autosome translocations in females with ...
Ried T - - 1990
A basic problem in genetic counseling of families with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) concerns the carrier status of female relatives of an affected male. In about 60% of these patients, deletions of one or more exons of the dystrophin gene can be identified. These deletions preferentially include exon 45, which ...
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