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Results 351 - 400 of 603
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Hong H K - - 1994
X-linked progressive cone dystrophy (COD1) causes progressive deterioration of visual acuity, deepening of central scotomas, macular changes, and bull's-eye lesions. The cone electroretinography (ERG) is variably abnormal in affected males, and the rod ERG may also be abnormal. The clinical picture of heterozygous females ranges from asymptomatic to a widespread ...
DiDonato C J - - 1994
The gene for autosomal recessive proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been mapped to an 850-kb interval on 5q11.2-q13.3, between the centromeric D5S823 and telomeric D5S557 markers. We report a new complex marker, Ag1-CA, that lies in this interval, whose primers produce one, two, or rarely three amplification-fragment-length variants (AFLVs) ...
McLean M D - - 1994
The gene for the common recessive neuromuscular disorder spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been previously mapped to chromosome 5q. We report here linkage disequilibrium analyses of two polymorphic simple tandem repeat (STR) sequences which map into the critical region of 5q13 containing the SMA gene. The polymorphisms presented are constituents ...
Cole D E - - 1994
We describe an infant with adrenal insufficiency who was subsequently diagnosed with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and hyperglycerolemia due to glycerol kinase deficiency. Karyotyping showed a deletion on the short arm of the X chromosome (p21.1 to p22.1). Molecular mapping revealed that the deletion extended from the 3' end of ...
Toda T - - 1994
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), the second most common form of childhood muscular dystrophy in Japan, is an autosomal recessive severe muscular dystrophy associated with an anomaly of the brain. After our initial mapping of the FCMD locus to chromosome 9q31-33, we further defined the locus within a region of ...
McNally E M - - 1994
Mutations in the dystrophin gene cause the X chromosome-linked, recessive Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. Dystrophin, a large cytoskeletal protein, copurifies with a complex of dystrophin-associated proteins which serve to anchor dystrophin to the sarcolemma. One of these associated proteins, adhalin, has been implicated as a candidate for severe childhood ...
Cacurri S - - 1994
Four DNA markers on the distal long arm of chromosome 4 have been analyzed for their linkage to facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy locus (FSHD) in a series of 16 Italian families. We found that, in two families, the disease is not linked to the 4q35 markers, indicating the presence of genetic ...
Yamaoka L H - - 1994
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of disorders. We previously localized an autosomal dominant form of the disorder (LGMD1A) to chromosome 5q22-31 by linkage analysis in a single large pedigree. After developing a microsatellite genetic map incorporating six loci in q31-33 of chromosome 5 and ...
Hillaire D - - 1994
Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) are autosomal recessive, heterogeneous disorders. The commonest forms are the Fukuyama CMD (FCMD), associated with mental retardation and structural brain anomalies, and classical (occidental) CMD, with pure muscle expression. FCMD has been localized to chromosome 9q31-q33. Following the discovery of merosin deficiency in some CMD cases, ...
Morrison K E - - 1994
The spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) are defined as a group of inherited disorders sharing the common pathological feature of degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and, in some cases, additionally of the bulbar motor nuclei. They are classified according to clinical features, including severity and distribution ...
Ballo R R Department of Human Genetics, University of Cape - - 1994
A genetic service for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) was initiated in Cape Town in 1987. Of the 143 DMD patients diagnosed during the period 1987-1992, 66 had a familial pattern of inheritance and 77 were apparently sporadic. Twenty BMD patients were identified, of whom 12 ...
van der Kooi A J - - 1994
The term limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) has been introduced to delineate a distinct form of muscular dystrophy with predominantly proximal upper and lower extremity weakness. Families with evidence of both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant modes of inheritance have been described. The recognition of other disorders presenting with weakness ...
Folberg R - - 1994
Three stromal corneal dystrophies (granular, lattice type 1, and Avellino) were recently mapped to a single locus on chromosome 5. This study was conducted to determine if there is histologic evidence to support the allelic relationship suggested by the genetic studies. We examined 23 corneal buttons from the two families ...
Melki J - - 1994
Spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) represent the second most common fatal autosomal recessive disorder after cystic fibrosis. Childhood spinal muscular atrophies are divided into severe (type I) and mild forms (types II and III). By a combination of genetic and physical mapping, a yeast artificial chromosome contig of the 5q13 region ...
Chakraborty R - - 1994
Four short tandem repeat loci, characterized by length polymorphisms of (CA)n repeats, have been detected within introns 44, 45, 49, and 50 of the human dystrophin gene. The predicted heterozygosities for these loci range from 72 to 93%, and observed allele numbers range from 6 to 19 in 57 normal ...
Weber B H - - 1994
Sorsby's fundus dystrophy (SFD) is an autosomal dominant macular degeneration developing in the third or fourth decade. Patients lose central vision from subretinal neovascularization and atrophy of the choriocapillaris, pigment epithelium and retina. SFD shares some striking clinical features with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of blindness ...
Rudnik-Schöneborn S - - 1994
We analysed the clinical picture of 101 sibs (43 sib pairs, 5 triplets) with autosomal recessive proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Linkage data of 20 sibships, which were available for analysis, were in agreement with chromosome 5q linkage. The patients were classified according to the motor development into SMA I ...
Brahe C - - 1994
The locus responsible for the childhood-onset proximal spinal muscular atrophies (SMA) has recently been mapped to an area of 2-3 Mb in the region q12-q13.3 of chromosome 5. We have used a series of radiation hybrids (RHs) containing distinct parts of the SMA region as defined by reference markers. A ...
Clermont O - - 1994
The gene for autosomal recessive forms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has recently been mapped to chromosome 5q13, within a 4-cM region between the blocks D5S465/D5S125 and MAP-1B/D5S112. We identified two new highly polymorphic microsatellite DNA markers--namely, AFM265wf5 (D5S629) and AFM281yh9 (D5S637)--which are the closest markers to the SMA locus. ...
Brzustowicz L M - - 1994
Paternal isodisomy for chromosome 5 was detected in a 2-year-old boy with type III spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), an autosomal recessive degenerative disorder of alpha motor neurons, known to map to 5q11.2-13.3. Examination of 17 short-sequence repeat polymorphisms spanning 5p15.1-15.3 to 5q33.3-qter produced no evidence of maternally inherited alleles. Cytogenetic ...
Cobben J M - - 1994
A proband with a clinical picture indistinguishable from SMA type I is described. The parents are second cousins. On DNA analysis it appeared that the proband and his healthy 2 year old sib had inherited the same haplotypes for DNA markers flanking the SMA locus on 5q. This supports non-linkage ...
Bashir R - - 1994
The limb-girdle muscular dystrophies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. We have studied two large inbred families of different ethnic origin and excluded linkage to LGMD2 on chromosome 15q and SCARMD on chromosome 13. Proceeding to a genomic linkage search, we have now identified linkage to markers ...
Simard L R - - 1994
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is, after Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the most common neuromuscular disorder in childhood. The gene responsible for childhood SMA has been mapped to the q11.2-q13.3 region of chromosome 5. We have extended our linkage studies of SMA in the French-Canadian population to include microsatellite markers at the ...
Matilla T - - 1994
We present a case of prenatal diagnosis of Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, the most severe type of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). DNA obtained from a mummified umbilical cord of a decreased affected brother of the index case was analysed with four closely linked microsatellite markers [EF1/2a and EF13/14 (D5S125), MAP1B, and JK53CA ...
Stone E M - - 1994
The two most common autosomal dominant dystrophies of the corneal stroma are lattice corneal dystrophy type I and granular dystrophy. A third autosomal dominant stromal dystrophy (Avellino) has also been recognized. Chromosome linkage analysis of four families with Avellino dystrophy mapped the disease-causing gene to chromosome 5q. Subsequent linkage analysis ...
Romero N B - - 1994
Severe autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (SCARMD), McKusick n. 253700, has been originally described in North-African populations, in which significant linkage has been established with DNA markers mapping to the proximal region of the long arm of chromosome 13, without evidence for heterogeneity of the SCARMD locus in these populations. A ...
Wijmenga C - - 1994
Recently, probe p13E-11 (D4F104S1) was shown to identify de novo DNA rearrangements, which are associated with the development of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). These rearrangements are likely to become instrumental in cloning the FSHD gene itself. Analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis demonstrates that p13E-11 recognizes two highly polymorphic loci, with ...
Fitzgibbon J - - 1994
Blue cone pigment (BCP) is one of three types of cone photoreceptors responsible for normal colour vision. In this study, the BCP gene has been localised to chromosome 7q31.3-32 by fluorescent in situ hybridisation of cosmid clones containing the gene. This is consistent with previous mapping of the BCP gene ...
Small K W - - 1993
The macular degenerations comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases, generally reported in small families. Single, large family studies of North Carolina macular dystrophy have aided in defining the spectrum of the phenotype of this disorder and its relationship to other macular degenerations. North Carolina macular dystrophy has many phenotypic similarities ...
Schuster V - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To study the inheritance of the X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) locus in a German family. DESIGN: Haplotype segregation analysis. SETTING: Departments of Pediatrics and Human Genetics, University of W?rzburg and University of Ulm, Federal Republic of Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen members of a family with XLP. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS: ...
Whittle M R - - 1993
1. Five Brazilian families referred to us with a probable diagnosis of chronic proximal spinal muscular atrophy (Kugelberg-Welander) were identified, and permanent (Epstein Barr virus transformed) cell lines were established from members of four of the families. 2. A genetic linkage study was carried out on 70 individuals using nine ...
Griggs R C - - 1993
A gene for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been linked to chromosome 4q35 in families with the disease. We have used recently characterized p13E-11/D4S809 probes that map near or within the FSHD gene to investigate eight sporadic cases of FSHD whose parents showed no signs of disease. Probe p13E-11/D4S809 detected ...
Toda T - - 1993
Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive severe muscular dystrophy associated with an anomaly of the brain. Twenty-one FCMD families, 13 of them with consanguineous marriages, were analysed by genetic linkage analyses with polymorphic microsatellite markers to map the FCMD gene. Significant lod scores were obtained with ...
Heng H H - - 1993
The GM2 activator locus (GM2A) had previously been considered as a candidate gene for some forms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA; mapped to 5q11.2-q13.3). It was eliminated as a possible candidate because PCR-based mapping failed to localize the gene to chromosome 5, as was previously reported using an ELISA-based methodology. ...
Alpern M - - 1993
A patient from a large kindred with adrenoleukodystrophy showed profound disturbance of color ordering, color matching, increment thresholds, and luminosity. Except for color matching, his performance was similar to blue-cone "monochromacy," an X chromosome-linked recessive retinal dystrophy in which color vision is dichromatic, mediated by the visual pigments of rods ...
Morrison K E - - 1993
Autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been mapped to a 6-cM interval on chromosome 5q12-13.3, flanked proximally by locus D5S6 and distally by locus D5S112. In this study we describe the isolation of two new microsatellite markers (EF1/2a and EF13/14) near locus D5S125, which lies 2 cM distal to ...
Azibi K - - 1993
We have recently demonstrated the specific deficiency for the 50 kDa dystrophin-associated glycoprotein (50DAG) in Algerian patients afflicted with severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy with DMD-like phenotype (SCARMD). A similar disease affecting Tunisian patients was linked to chromosome 13q but the status of the 50DAG was not investigated. Here ...
Thompson T G - - 1993
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the second most common lethal, autosomal recessive disease in Caucasians, second only to cystic fibrosis. In an effort to identify the causative gene in SMA, we have used radiation hybrid (RH) mapping to prepare a high resolution physical map of the proximal region of chromosome ...
Cobben J M - - 1993
Linkage studies with 9 highly informative DNA markers on the long arm of chromosome 5 were performed in 12 multiplex families (29 patients) with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) from The Netherlands. The results of the linkage analysis were compatible with localization of a major SMA gene in the chromosomal region ...
Weiffenbach B - - 1993
A gene responsible for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been linked to polymorphisms on chromosome 4q35. Multipoint linkage analyses have placed this gene distal to all reported genetic markers on the chromosome. By using as a probe a clone isolated from a cosmid containing sequences related to a homeobox domain, ...
Scheinman S J - - 1993
X-linked recessive nephrolithiasis is associated with kidney stones and renal tubular dysfunction in childhood progressing to renal failure in adulthood. The primary defect causing this renal tubular disorder is unknown and determining the chromosomal location of the mutant gene would represent an important step toward defining the biochemical basis. We ...
Boykin S L - - 1993
The avian kidney contains a population of nephrons with and without loops of Henle. How the collecting ducts of this heterogeneous population of nephrons merge to exit as single ducts from the medullary cones has been uncertain. The results of this study show that the collecting duct tree begins with ...
Towbin J A - - 1993
BACKGROUND: X-linked cardiomyopathy (XLCM) is a rapidly progressive primary myocardial disorder presenting in teenage males as congestive heart failure. Manifesting female carriers have later onset (fifth decade) and slower progression. The purpose of this study was to localize the XLCM gene locus in two families using molecular genetic techniques. METHODS ...
Haraguchi Y - - 1993
The mitochondrial heart-skeletal muscle adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT1) was regionally mapped to 4q35-qter using somatic cell hybrids containing deleted chromosome 4. The regional location was further refined through family studies using ANT1 intron and promoter nucleotide polymorphisms recognized by the restriction endonucleases MboII, NdeI, and HaeIII. Two alleles were found, ...
Melki J - - 1993
The genetic map in the region of human chromosome 5 that harbors the gene for autosomal recessive forms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been refined by a multilocus linkage study in 50 SMA-segregating families. Among six markers spanning 8 cM for combined sexes, four were shown to be tightly ...
Vainzof M - - 1993
Some Becker muscular dystrophy carriers, related to patients with specific DNA deletions, demonstrate both normal and abnormally sized dystrophin bands through qualitative Western blot analysis. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the sarcolemmal distribution of the altered dystrophin in such carriers. Fibres expressing the normal or deleted ...
Yang M T - - 1993
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is a congenital syndrome characterized by multiple congenital joint contractures; and refers to a large heterogeneous group of disorders. We present a 40 days old male baby who has had multiple fixed contractures of joints since birth. Midline capillary hemangioma, internal rotation of bilateral shoulders, extension contracture ...
Schmidt-Achert M - - 1993
Identification of the defective gene and the absent gene product dystrophin can substantiate the clinical evidence for manifesting X-linked Duchenne type muscular dystrophy (DMD). It is not always possible, however, to rule out definitely a clinically asymptomatic carrier status in question, since even in the proven carrier DNA analysis is ...
O'Hoy K L - - 1993
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is an autosomal-dominant disorder that affects 1 in 8000 individuals. Amplification of an unstable trinucleotide CTG repeat, located within the 3' untranslated region of a gene, correlates with a more severe DM phenotype. In three cases, the number of CTG repeats was reduced during the transmission of ...
Tawil R - - 1993
We describe monozygotic twins who are either discordant or show extreme variability in the expression of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). One twin was severely incapacitated by FSHD. The asymptomatic twin demonstrated equivocal facial weakness on physical examination, but no difference on quantitative myometry when compared with normal controls. High-resolution cytogenetic ...
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