Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 603
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Savarirayan R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Schmid-type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (Schmid MCD) is an autosomal dominant chondrodysplasia resulting from various mutations in the COL10A1 gene. This disorder has been well delineated at a clinical level and has been classified radiographically as a pure metaphyseal chondrodysplasia. A missense mutation in the COL10A1 gene has also been shown ...
Helmken C - - 2000
The survival motor neuron (SMN) protein and the SMN interacting protein 1 (SIP1) are part of a 300 kD protein complex with a crucial role in snRNP biogenesis and pre-mRNA splicing. Both proteins are colocalised in nuclear structures called gems and in the cytoplasm. Approximately 96% of patients with autosomal ...
Bergmann C - - 2000
A man was identified with two X-chromosomal neuromuscular disorders, X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). The neuropathy could be tracked in the family and was found to be caused by a mutation in the connexin32 gene on Xq13. 1. The muscular dystrophy was sporadic owing to a ...
Ligon A H - - 2000
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are X-linked recessive neuromuscular diseases caused by dystrophin gene mutations. Deletions, or more rarely duplications, of single or multiple exons within the dystrophin gene can be detected by current molecular methods in approximately 65% of DMD patients. Mothers of affected males ...
Lee C C - - 2000
The mutation analysis of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is made difficult by the size and structure of the gene. The dystrophin gene deletion is responsible for 45-58% of DMD/BMD cases in Taiwan. For the others, who have no deletions, carrier detection was performed by DNA linkage analysis. To determine frequencies ...
Lewis D - - 2000
Keratan sulfate (KS) proteoglycans are of importance for the maintenance of corneal transparency as evidenced in the condition macular corneal dystrophy type I (MCD I), a disorder involving the absence of KS sulfation, in which the cornea becomes opaque. In this transmission electron microscope study quantitative immuno- and histochemical methods ...
Toda T - - 2000
Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in the Japanese population, characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy in combination with cortical dysgenesis (micropolygyria). Recently, we have identified the gene responsible for fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy on 9q31, which encodes a novel 461-amino-acid protein termed fukutin. ...
Smith R S - - 2000
Ocular neovascularization is the leading cause of blindness in developed countries and often causes rapid loss of vision in age-related macular degeneration. Acute visual loss is most often due to hemorrhage from new vessels that have extended from the choroid into the subretinal space. Growth of abnormal vessels beneath the ...
Jablonka S - - 2000
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by deletion or specific mutations of the telomeric survival motor neuron ( SMN ) gene on human chromosome 5. The human SMN gene, in contrast to the Smn gene in mouse, is duplicated and the centromeric copy on chromosome 5 codes for transcripts which ...
Russell S R - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine whether basal laminar drusen differ in their location, ultrastructure, or composition from drusen associated with aging and age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: A paraffin-embedded block from an eye of a patient with basal laminar drusen was obtained. Sections were examined immunohistochemically using a battery of antibodies and lectins ...
El Nemer W - - 2000
The McLeod syndrome is a rare X-linked recessive disorder characterized by blood group, neuromuscular and haematopoietic abnormalities. It is caused by XK gene defects and may include large deletions in the Xp21 region. Analysis of three unrelated McLeod patients for the presence of the XK, DMD, CYBB, ETX1, RPGR and ...
Brockington M - - 2000
We have previously reported an autosomal recessive form of congenital muscular dystrophy, characterized by proximal girdle weakness, generalized muscle hypertrophy, rigidity of the spine, and contractures of the tendo Achilles, in a consanguineous family from the United Arab Emirates. Early respiratory failure resulting from severe diaphragmatic involvement was present. Intellect ...
Schmidt E - - 2000
Anchoring complexes are specialized focal attachment sites within the cutaneous basement membrane zone (BMZ) and play a crucial role in dermo-epidermal adhesion. Structural weakness that may be caused by the binding of autoantibodies to components of the anchoring complex or by aberrant expression of these components as a result of ...
Wirth B - - 2000
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is characterized by degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord, causing progressive weakness of the limbs and trunk, followed by muscle atrophy. SMA is one of the most frequent autosomal recessive diseases, with a carrier frequency of 1 in 50 and the most common genetic ...
Cao H - - 2000
Patients with Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) are born with normal fat distribution, but after puberty experience regional and progressive adipocyte degeneration, often associated with profound insulin resistance and diabetes. Recently, the FPLD gene was mapped to chromosome 1q21-22, which harbours the LMNA gene encoding nuclear lamins A and C. ...
Klintworth G K - - 1999
PURPOSE: To improve our understanding of the role of specific genes on corneal transparency through a review of linkage to specific chromosomal loci and the identification of the mutant genes dealing with the corneal dystrophies. METHOD: Relevant recent literature on the corneal dystrophies is reviewed. RESULTS: Molecular genetic studies of ...
van der Maarel S M - - 1999
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by the size reduction of a polymorphic repeat array on 4q35. Probe p13E-11 recognises this chromosomal rearrangement and is generally used for diagnosis. However, diagnosis of FSHD is complicated by three factors. First, the probe cross hybridises to a highly homologous repeat array locus ...
Fitzsimons R B - - 1999
A decade's progress in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy genetics has been marked by the discovery of novel genetic phenomena such as crossover of subtelomeric DNA between chromosomes 4 and 10 in normal individuals and by the recognition that the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy deletion-mutation may cause a position variegation effect on more ...
Wagoner M D - - 1999
PURPOSE: To document an association between Terrien's marginal degeneration and posterior polymorphous dystrophy. METHODS: A 23-year-old Saudi man presented with decreased vision, peripheral corneal thinning with vascularization and scarring, and abnormalities of the posterior stroma and Descemet's membrane. RESULTS: Clinical examination, corneal topography, and specular microscopy were consistent with a ...
Feldman B - - 1999
A case of X-autosome translocation was diagnosed prenatally [46,X, t(X;9)(p21.3 approximately 22.1;q22]. We describe the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to estimate the integrity of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. X-inactivation studies were used as well to assess the probability of phenotypic abnormalities associated with functional partial ...
Orrell R W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To establish the usefulness of a molecular diagnostic protocol for the autosomal dominant disease facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD). BACKGROUND: The genetic defect underlying the majority of cases is a deletion on chromosome 4q35 that is not associated with the coding sequence of any known gene. Molecular diagnosis of FSHD involves ...
Pfister M H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Locus DFN4 is an X-linked nonsyndromic hearing loss locus originally mapped to Xp21.2. Recently, we have mapped deafness in a second family from Turkey to the same region, refining the location to within the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) locus. The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical ...
Edwards A O AO Casey Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, - - 1999
Characterize the phenotype of autosomal dominant Stargardt-like macular dystrophy in two families linked to chromosome 6q14 and determine whether they share a common ancestry. Two families spanning 10 generations were identified and studied independently. Participating members were examined and genetic linkage and genotyping performed. Presenting symptoms included decreased vision, hemeralopia, ...
Geh J L - - 1999
The association of pilomatrixoma and myotonic dystrophy has been described in the past in 13 publications in the English literature. The association seems to involve the development of pilomatrixomata before signs of myotonic dystrophy. Myotonic dystrophy is the commonest adult dystrophy and is an autosomaldominant disease with a variable phenotypic ...
Speer M C - - 1999
We report the identification of a new locus for autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD1) on 7q. Two of five families (1047 and 1701) demonstrate evidence in favor of linkage to this region. The maximum two-point LOD score for family 1047 was 3.76 for D7S427, and that for family 1701 ...
Mahjneh I - - 1999
Large families with congenital muscular dystrophy are rare. We report a clinical, histopathological, immunocytochemical, electrophysiological, radiological and genetic study of 10 cases affected by "pure" CMD belonging to two generations of a large inbred Palestinian family. The disease showed autosomal recessive inheritance. All patients had generalised muscular weakness and hypotonia ...
Stout K - - 1999
Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) has been used to study the spatial orientation of subtelomeric chromosome regions in the interphase nucleus. Compared to interstitial chromosomal sites, subtelomeres showed an increased number of somatic pairings. However, pairing frequency also depended on the specific regions involved and varied both between different subtelomeres and ...
Cockett N E - - 1999
In 1983, a male lamb exhibiting a pronounced muscular hypertrophy, particularly noticeable in the hind quarters, was born into a commercial Dorset flock in Oklahoma. The ram was premonitorily called Solid Gold. He subsequently produced offspring expressing the unusual phenotype, which is referred to as callipyge (Greek: calli- beautiful + ...
Brais B - - 1999
Autosomal dominant oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an adult-onset disease with worldwide distribution. It usually presents in the fifth or sixth decades with progressive dysphagia, eyelid ptosis, and proximal limb weakness. Unique intranuclear filament inclusions in skeletal muscle fibers are its morphological hallmark. Surgical correction of the ptosis and cricopharyngeal ...
Callaghan M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED) is a corneal dystrophy characterised by diffuse bilateral corneal clouding resulting in impaired vision. It is inherited in either an autosomal dominant (AD) or autosomal recessive (AR) manner. The AD form of CHED has been mapped to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 20. Another ...
Ricker K - - 1999
We performed genetic linkage analysis in nine German proximal myotonic myopathy (PROMM) families using DNA-markers D3S1541 and D3S1589 from the region of the recently discovered gene locus of myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) on chromosome 3q. Two-point analysis supplied an lod score of 5.9. We conclude that a gene causing ...
Day J W - - 1999
We report the clinical and genetic characteristics of a five-generation family (MN1) with an unusual form of myotonic dystrophy (DM). Affected individuals have clinical features that are similar to DM including myotonia, distal weakness, frontal balding, polychromatic cataracts, infertility and cardiac arrhythmias. Genetic analyses reveal that affected individuals do not ...
Dota A - - 1998
PURPOSE: To discover if beta ig-h3 is mutated in gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy, as has been suggested. METHODS: Genomic DNA was isolated from unrelated individuals with lattice corneal dystrophy type I (n = 3), Avellino corneal dystrophy (n = 3), and gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy (n = 3) and used ...
Dinçer P - - 1998
After studies which have mapped the gamma-sarcoglycan deficient limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2C) to chromosome 13q12 and recent identification of mutations within this gene, prenatal diagnosis has become possible. The deletion of exon 5 in the gamma-sarcoglycan gene was found in a consanguineous family and prenatal diagnosis was successfully provided. This ...
Collin G B - - 1998
The human dynactin 1 gene (DCTN1) is positioned on chromosome 2p13, the candidate region for various diseases including Alström syndrome, limb-girdle muscle dystrophy, and Miyoshi myopathy. Here, we report the exon-intron structure of DCTN1 along with characterization of the 5' upstream sequence and alternative splice variants previously identified by Tokito ...
Pfister M H - - 1998
X-linked inherited hearing impairment is a group of heterogeneous disorders accounting for less than 2% of hereditary hearing loss. DFN4, a sex-linked hearing impairment associated with profound sensorineural hearing loss, has been previously mapped to Xp21.2, a region containing the DMD locus. We have identified a family from Turkey with ...
Madhu C - - 1998
The objective of this study was to assess the corneal and scleral permeabilities of natural prostaglandins as well as their prodrugs and analogs through human cornea and sclera in vitro. The "apparent permeability coefficients" (Papp) of natural prostaglandins (PGF2alpha, PGD2 and PGE2), ester prodrugs of PGF2alpha (1-isopropyl PGF2alpha, 11-pivaloyl PGF2alpha ...
Yamagata H - - 1998
Here we report two families with myotonic dystrophy (DM) in which the asymptomatic parent proved to be in a pre-mutation state. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the region spanning the CTG expansion demonstrated that one father of the proband possessed (CTG)n repeats of n = 12 and 44 copies ...
Reichel M B - - 1998
AIMS: To document the phenotype of an autosomal dominant macular dystrophy diagnosed as having North Carolina macular dystrophy (NCMD) in this British family, and to verify that the disease locus corresponds with that of MCDR1 on chromosome 6q. METHODS: 37 family members were examined and the phenotype characterised. DNA samples ...
Rosenberg C - - 1998
Two-thirds of patients affected by Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) carry large intra-genic deletions in the dystrophin gene. In males, the deletions can be efficiently detected using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Southern blotting. In contrast, deletion detection in carrier females is complicated by the presence of a ...
Tsujikawa M - - 1998
Gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy (GDLD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized clinically by grayish corneal deposits of amyloid and by severely impaired visual acuity. Most patients require corneal transplantation. To localize a gene responsible for GDLD, we performed linkage analysis of 10 consanguineous Japanese families with a total of ...
Kobayashi K - - 1998
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive, severe muscular dystrophy associated with brain anomalies. After our initial mapping of the FCMD locus to 9q31-33, we performed linkage disequilibrium analysis, which led us to suspect that the FCMD gene lay within a region of less than 100 kb containing ...
Lardenoye C W - - 1998
AIMS: To determine the effect of modified macular grid photocoagulation in patients with refractory macular oedema due to uveitis or cataract extraction. METHODS: In this study 20 patients with macular oedema underwent modified macular grid laser photocoagulation and were followed by means of standardised examinations (day 0, months 2, 6, ...
Liu J - - 1998
Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is an adult onset, recessive inherited distal muscular dystrophy that we have mapped to human chromosome 2p13. We recently constructed a 3-Mb P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) contig spanning the MM candidate region. This clarified the order of genetic markers across the MM locus, provided five new polymorphic ...
Jarisch A - - 1998
We report on the unprecedented combination of two recessively inherited disorders, the kyphoscoliosis type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS type VI) and cystic fibrosis (CF), in two sibs born to consanguineous Turkish parents. Because of failure to thrive and bronchitis CF was diagnosed in the index patient early whereas EDS VI ...
Kobayashi K - - 1998
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Japan (incidence is 0.7-1.2 per 10,000 births), is characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy associated with brain malformation (micropolygria) due to a defect in the migration of neurons. We previously mapped the FCMD gene to a region ...
Pegoraro E - - 1998
To determine the number of primary laminin alpha2 gene mutations and to conduct genotype/phenotype correlation in a cohort of laminin alpha2-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy patients. Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) are a heterogeneous group of muscle disorders characterized by early onset muscular dystrophy and a variable involvement of the CNS. Laminin ...
van der Vleuten A J - - 1998
Spinal muscular atrophies are a heterogeneous group of disorders. They differ in time of onset, clinical presentation, progression, severity and mode of inheritance. In 1985 a Dutch family was described with a dominant, non-progressive spinal muscular atrophy presenting at birth with arthrogryposis (MIM 600175). Linkage analysis was performed in this ...
Stöhr H - - 1998
Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (Best's disease) is an autosomal dominant disorder of unknown causes and is typically characterised by an accumulation of lipofuscin-like material in the subretinal space of the macula. The disease gene has been localised to chromosome 11q12-13.1 within a 1.4 Mbp interval flanked by markers at D11S1765 ...
Lasa A - - 1998
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2C (LGMD2C) is an autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy with primary gamma-sarcoglycan deficiency, generally associated with a severe clinical course. gamma-sarcoglycan, a 35kDa dystrophin-associated protein, is encoded by a single gene on chromosome 13q12. Six different mutations have been described in that gene, and it has been ...
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