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Le Ber Isabelle - - 2004
The majority of proximal myotonic myopathy syndromes reported so far have been related to the myotonic dystrophy (DM) type 2 (DM2) mutation, an expanded (CCTG)n repeat in the ZNF9 gene. Here, we describe the phenotype and the histological features in muscle and brain of the first large pedigree with a ...
Lemmers Richard J L F - - 2004
Autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD1A) is associated with contractions of the polymorphic D4Z4 repeat array on chromosome 4qter. The disease has a high frequency of new mutations of mitotic origin. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis-based studies show that mitotic mutations leading to somatic mosaicism occur equally frequently in patients and parents. ...
Viollet Louis - - 2004
Chronic distal spinal muscular atrophy (Chronic DSMA, MIM (*)607088) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a progressive motor weakness and muscular atrophy, predominating in the distal parts of the limbs. A form of Chronic DSMA gene has been previously mapped to chromosome 11q13 in the 10.3 cM interval ...
Wegscheider Erika - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe fundus autofluorescence (AF) in carriers of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) associated with mutations in RPGR (RP3), and to compare the findings on AF with ophthalmoscopy and with electrophysiological and psychophysical data. METHODS: Eleven carriers from two families with XLRP and mutations in RPGR underwent clinical examination including ...
Lemmers Richard J L F - - 2004
Autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD1A) is associated with contractions of the polymorphic D4Z4 repeat on chromosome 4qter. Almost half of new FSHD mutations occur postfertilization, resulting in somatic mosaicism for D4Z4. Detailed D4Z4 analysis of 11 mosaic individuals with FSHD revealed a mosaic mixture of a contracted FSHD-sized allele ...
Kobayashi Akira - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine whether Japanese patients with Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) and posterior polymorphous dystrophy (PPMD) carry mutations in the COL8A2 gene, and to investigate the possible pathogenicity of the COL8A2 gene in these corneal dystrophies. METHODS: DNA analysis of the COL8A2 gene was performed in 15 unrelated Japanese ...
Healy Daniel P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the penetration of commercially available levofloxacin 0.5%, ofloxacin 0.3%, and ciprofloxacin 0.3% topical ophthalmic solutions in human corneal stromal and aqueous humor tissues. METHODS: A total of 67 patients scheduled to undergo penetrating keratoplasty for treatment of stromal scar or dystrophy, keratoconus, pellucid marginal degeneration, or endothelial ...
Sallinen R - - 2004
Myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 are autosomal dominant, multisystemic disorders with many similarities in their clinical manifestations. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is caused by a (CTG)n expansion in the 3' untranslated region of the DMPK gene in 19q13.3 and myotonic dystrophy type 2 by a (CCTG)n expansion in intron ...
Li Anren - - 2004
Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive retinal dystrophy characterized by multiple glistening intraretinal crystals scattered over the fundus, a characteristic degeneration of the retina, and sclerosis of the choroidal vessels, ultimately resulting in progressive night blindness and constriction of the visual field. The BCD region of chromosome ...
Sharma S - - 2004
Three members of an Indian family with facio scapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD linked to chromosome 4q35 with short EcoR1 segment of 23 Kb are reported where two male adults had schizophrenia. One family member developed isolated facial weakness with mild mental retardation. This genetically proven FSHD family is reported because of ...
Schara Ulrike - - 2004
Epidermolysis bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy (OMIM 226670) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations of the human plectin gene on chromosome 8q24. Here, we report a 3-year-old girl, offspring of a consanguineous Lebanese family, who presented with skin blistering and recurrent episodes of severe respiratory distress necessitating tracheotomy ...
Heydemann Ahlke - - 2004
Mutations in the dystrophin glycoprotein complex, and in particular the sarcoglycan subcomplex, lead to cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy. Mice with mutations in gamma-sarcoglycan or delta-sarcoglycan develop cardiomyopathy that is characterized by focal regions of tissue damage. These focally damaged regions constitute 0-5% of cardiac tissue. In cardiomyopathy arising from sarcoglycan ...
Hisano Junji - - 2004
In this Letter we study pair annihilation processes of dark matter (DM) in the Universe, in the case that the DM is an electroweak gauge nonsinglet. In the current Universe, in which the DM is highly nonrelativistic, the nonperturbative effect may enhance the DM annihilation cross sections, especially for that ...
Tonini M M O - - 2004
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is an autosomal dominant muscle disorder, mapped to 4q35. It is characterized by remarkable inter- and intrafamilial clinical variability ranging from severe phenotype to asymptomatic carriers. The aim of the present study was to assess the size of the Eco RI fragment in a large sample of ...
Louhichi Nacim - - 2004
The congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) constitute a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive myopathies. Patients show congenital hypotonia, muscle weakness, and dystrophic changes on muscle biopsy. Mutations in four genes (FKT1, POMGnT1, POMT1, FKRP) encoding putative glycosyltransferases have been identified in a subset of patients characterized by a ...
Nicolaou N - - 2003
We describe a 57-year-old woman with a history of nail dystrophy since the age of 11 years. Multiple nail clippings were negative and multiple empirical treatments for presumed onychomycosis were unsuccessful. The patient has a daughter with classical incontinentia pigmenti. Molecular genetic analysis was positive for the NEMO gene deletion ...
Albrecht Douglas E - - 2004
Mice rendered null for alpha-dystrobrevin, a component of the dystrophin complex, have muscular dystrophy, despite the fact that the sarcolemma remains relatively intact (Grady, R. M., Grange, R. W., Lau, K. S., Maimone, M. M., Nichol, M. C., Stull, J. T., and Sanes, J. R. (1999) Nat. Cell Biol. 1, ...
Combarros Onofre - - 2003
In a case-control study using a clinically well-defined group of 30 multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients and 110 control subjects, homozygosity for interleukin-1A (IL-1A) allele 2 (high secretor of proinflammatory cytokine) in the regulatory region (-889) of the IL-1A gene was associated with a fivefold increased risk for MSA.
Sullivan Lori S - - 2003
PURPOSE: Determination of the gene causing Thiel-Behnke Corneal Dystrophy (CDB2) would have important clinical implications. Previous studies in our laboratory have suggested that the COL17A1 gene may be the cause of Thiel-Behnke Corneal Dystrophy (CDB2) on Chromosome 10q23-q25. METHODS: We evaluated a five-generation family with CDB2 mapped to chromosome 10. ...
Clapp Jannine - - 2003
The genomic basis of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is of considerable interest because of the unique nature of the molecular mutation, which is a deletion within a large, complex DNA tandem array (D4Z4). This repeat maps within 30 kb of the 4q telomere. Although D4Z4 repeat units each contain an ...
Krasnianski Michael - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is associated with a deletion on chromosome 4q35. Recent studies have shown that this deletion is found in patients with other phenotypes in addition to those with the classic Landouzy-Dejerine FSHD phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To examine patients with atypical phenotypes and an FSHD deletion on chromosome ...
Palenzuela L - - 2003
In 2001, the authors described the clinical features of a genetically distinct autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD; LGMD 1F). Using a genome-wide screen with more than 400 microsatellite markers, the authors identified a novel LGMD disease locus at chromosome 7q32.1-32.2. Within this chromosomal region, filamin C, a gene encoding ...
Medugorac Ivica - - 2003
A hereditary form of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) caused by an autosomal recessive gene has been reported for American Brown-Swiss cattle and in advanced backcrosses between American Brown-Swiss and many European brown cattle breeds. Bovine SMA (bovSMA) bears remarkable resemblance to the human SMA (SMA1). Affected homozygous calves also show ...
Michaelides Michel - - 2003
PURPOSE: To characterize the phenotype of an autosomal dominant macular dystrophy and identify the chromosomal locus. METHODS: Thirteen members of a four-generation, nonconsanguineous British family were examined clinically and also underwent automated perimetry, fundus fluorescein angiography, and fundus autofluorescence imaging. After informed consent was obtained, blood samples were taken for ...
Klintworth Gordon K - - 2003
The pertinent literature on inherited corneal diseases is reviewed in terms of the chromosomal localization and identification of the responsible genes. Disorders affecting the cornea have been mapped to human chromosome 1 (central crystalline corneal dystrophy, familial subepithelial corneal amyloidosis, early onset Fuchs dystrophy, posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy), chromosome 4 ...
I. Panigrahi, A. Kesari, ...
The spinal muscular atrophies are a group of disorders characterized by flaccid limb weakness. It is necessary to differentiate these from other causes and identify the SMA variants. In classical SMA, majority of the patients shows homozygous deletion of the telomeric SMN gene (SMN1) on chromosome 5q. The availability of ...
Liu Jun J Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, 439 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2003
Emerin and MAN1 are LEM domain-containing integral membrane proteins of the vertebrate nuclear envelope. The function of MAN1 is unknown, whereas emerin is known to interact with nuclear lamins, barrier-to-autointegration factor (BAF), nesprin-1 alpha, and a transcription repressor. Mutations in emerin cause X-linked recessive Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Emerin and MAN1 ...
Michaelides Michel - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the phenotype of an autosomal dominant macular dystrophy and identify the chromosomal locus. METHODS: Eleven members of a five-generation, nonconsanguineous British family were examined clinically and also underwent automated perimetry, electrodiagnostic testing, fundus fluorescein angiography, and fundus autofluorescence imaging. Blood samples were taken for DNA extraction and ...
Giliberto Florencia - - 2003
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common hereditary neuromuscular disease. It is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait in which males show clinical manifestations. In some rare cases, the disease can also be manifested in females. The aim of the present study was to determine the molecular alteration in ...
Gurgel-Giannetti Juliana - - 2003
Nemaline myopathy is a structural congenital myopathy associated with the presence of rodlike structures inside the muscle fibers and type I predominance. It may be caused by mutations in at least five genes: slow alpha-tropomyosin 3 (chromosome 1q22-23), nebulin (chromosome 2q21.1-q22), actin (chromosome 1q42), tropomyosin 2 (chromosome 9p13), and troponin ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2003
A mutation has been identified in the Rab3A-interacting molecule (RIM1) gene in CORD7, an autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy that localises to chromosome 6q14. The G to A point mutation results in an Arg844His substitution in the C(2)A domain of the protein that segregates with disease. This mutation is absent in ...
Hou Yu-Chih - - 2003
Autosomal dominant granular corneal dystrophy is a stromal corneal dystrophy characterized by discrete granular opacities that cause recurrent corneal erosion and blurred vision. Four different corneal dystrophies, including granular dystrophy, are caused by mutations of the BIGH3 gene. We report a case of autosomal dominant granular corneal dystrophy in a ...
Dostie Josée - - 2003
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neurodegenerative disease that is caused by deletions or loss-of-function mutations in the Survival of Motor Neuron (SMN) protein. SMN is part of a large complex that functions in the assembly/restructuring of ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. We recently showed in HeLa cells that two components ...
Munitiz V - - 2003
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy is a hereditary pathology transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner. The clinical symptoms are palpebral ptosis, oropharyngeal dysphagia and proximal limb weakness. Upper gastro-esophageal endoscopy is recommended to study the dysphagia, a video-radiology study with barium and an esophageal manometry to study the pharyngeo-esophageal motor disorder. Muscle ...
McEntagart M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The peroneal muscular atrophy syndrome is the most common inherited disorder of the peripheral nervous system and has extensive clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Cranial nerve involvement is rare, though there are distinct peroneal muscular atrophy syndromes in which vocal cord paralysis is a characteristic feature. Among these dHMN-VII and ...
Haliloglu G - - 2002
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease characterised by loss of motor function and muscle atrophy due to anterior horn cell degeneration. The most common variant is chromosome 5-linked proximal SMA, ranging in severity from congenital onset and infantile death to onset in adult life. Genetically ...
Paloma Eva - - 2002
Genotype-phenotype correlations highlighted the function of ABCA4 in retinitis pigmentosa (RP),cone-rod dystrophy (CRD) and Stargardt/Fundus Flavimaculatus disease (STGD/FFM). Initial screening of ABCA4 variants showed a correlation between the type of mutation and the severity of the disease. In the present study we have undertaken mutational and haplotype analysis of ABCA4 ...
Indelman Margarita - - 2002
Hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early hair loss heralding severe degenerative changes of the retinal macula and culminating in blindness during the second to third decade of life. Recently, we identified a frameshift mutation in the CDH3 gene encoding P-cadherin as the ...
Voit Th - - 2002
At least six different forms of congenital muscular dystrophy are associated with structural changes of the central nervous system, and three of these have been mapped: merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy on chromosome 6q2, Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy on chromosome 9q31, and muscle eye brain disease on chromosome 1p32. Walker-Warburg syndrome, ...
Laml T - - 2002
This review presents the genetic disorders associated with premature ovarian failure (POF), obtained by Medline, the Cochrane Library and hand searches of pertinent references of English literature on POF and genetic determinants cited between the year 1966 and February 2002. X monosomy or X deletions and translocations are known to ...
Finsterer J - - 2002
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a clinically but not genetically heterogeneous, multisystem disorder, that is clinically similar to, but distinct from myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Initially, different phenotypes of DM2 were described by Ricker (proximal myotonic myopathy, PROMM), Ranum (myotonic dystrophy 2, DM2) and Udd (proximal myotonic dystrophy, ...
Ranum Laura P W - - 2002
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a dominantly inherited disorder with a peculiar pattern of multisystemic clinical features affecting skeletal muscle, the heart, the eye, and the endocrine system. Two genetic loci have been associated with the DM phenotype: DM1 on chromosome 19, and DM2 on chromosome 3. In 1992, the mutation ...
Ferreiro Ana - - 2002
Multiminicore disease (MmD) is an autosomal recessive congenital myopathy characterized by the presence of multiple, short core lesions (known as "minicores") in most muscle fibers. MmD is a clinically heterogeneous condition, in which four subgroups have been distinguished. Homozygous RYR1 mutations have been recently identified in the moderate form of ...
Matsumura Tsuyoshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the weakness of facial, shoulder-girdle and upper arm muscles. Most patients with FSHD have fewer numbers of tandem repeated 3.3-kb KpnI units on chromosome 4q35. Chromosome 10q26 contains highly homologous KpnI repeats, and inter-chromosomal translocation has been reported. ...
Mavlyutov Timur A TA Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2002
The retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR) is encoded by the X-linked RP3 locus, which upon genetic lesions leads to neurodegeneration of photoreceptors and blindness. The findings that RPGR specifically and directly interacts in vivo and in vitro with retina-specific RPGR-interacting protein 1 (RPGRIP) and that human mutations in RPGR uncouple ...
Tonini M M O - - 2002
We report on two unrelated Brazilian families with members affected by two different forms of muscular dystrophy. In the first one, the 35-year-old male proband has limb-girdle muscular dystrophy with proximal weakness, elevated creatine kinase and a myopathic muscle biopsy. All the proteins known to be associated with limb-girdle muscular ...
Jun Albert S - - 2002
PURPOSE: To localize a gene causing a newly described autosomal dominant anterior segment dysgenesis characterized by corneal endothelial dystrophy, iris hypoplasia, congenital cataracts, and corneal stromal thinning (EDICT syndrome). DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: A set of microsatellite markers spanning the 22 human autosomes was used to perform linkage analysis on ...
Ogino Shuji - - 2002
As evidenced by the complete absence of a functionally critical sequence in exon 7, approximately 94% of individuals with clinically typical spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) lack both copies of the SMN1 gene at 5q13. Hence most carriers have only one copy of SMN1. Combining linkage and dosage analyses for SMN1, ...
Kohl Susanne - - 2002
Achromatopsia is an autosomal recessively inherited visual disorder that is present from birth and that features the absence of color discrimination. We here report the identification of five independent families with achromatopsia that segregate protein-truncation mutations in the GNAT2 gene, located on chromosome 1p13. GNAT2 encodes the cone photoreceptor-specific alpha-subunit ...
Viollet Louis - - 2002
Distal spinal muscular atrophy is a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders caused by progressive anterior horn cell degeneration and characterized by progressive motor weakness and muscular atrophy, predominantly in the distal parts of the limbs. Here we report on chronic autosomal recessive distal spinal muscular atrophy in a large, inbred ...
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