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Kannabiran Chitra - - 2006
The lattice corneal dystrophies (LCD) and granular corneal dystrophies (GCD) are autosomal dominant disorders of the corneal stroma. They are bilateral, progressive conditions characterized by the formation of opacities arising due to the deposition of insoluble material in the corneal stroma leading to visual impairment. The LCDs and GCDs are ...
Mellersh C S - - 2006
Cone-rod dystrophy 1 (cord1) is a recessive condition that occurs naturally in miniature longhaired dachshunds (MLHDs). We mapped the cord1 locus to a region of canine chromosome CFA15 that is syntenic with a region of human chromosome 14 (HSA14q11.2) containing the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator-interacting protein 1 (RPGRIP1) gene. Mutations ...
Cho Diane H - - 2007
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a complex multisystemic disorder linked to two different genetic loci. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by an expansion of a CTG repeat located in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of DMPK (myotonic dystrophy protein kinase) on chromosome 19q13.3. Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is ...
Tétreault M - - 2006
Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDS) are a heterogeneous group of disorders. A growing number of CMDS have been found to be associated with joint hyperlaxity. We recruited 14 French-Canadian cases belonging to 11 families affected by a novel autosomal recessive congenital muscular dystrophy with hyperlaxity (CMDH). All cases come from the ...
van der Maarel Silvère M - - 2007
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by a cascade of epigenetic events following contraction of the polymorphic macrosatellite repeat D4Z4 in the subtelomere of chromosome 4q. Currently, the central issue is whether immediate downstream effects are local (i.e., at chromosome 4q) or global (genome-wide) and there is evidence for both ...
van Reeuwijk Jeroen J Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2006
The importance of O-glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) is evident from the identification of POMT1 mutations in Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS). Approximately one-fifth of the WWS patients show mutations in POMT1, which result in complete loss of protein mannosyltransferase activity. WWS patients are characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) with severe brain ...
Akiyama Tomoyuki - - 2006
We present a 14-year-old boy with Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) who shows the mildest muscle weakness ever reported with this affliction and exceptionally mild mental retardation, but who has intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the typical abnormalities of FCMD. Molecular genetic analyses revealed a 3 kb insertion mutation ...
Frey Andreas - - 2006
Hearing depends on functional ClC-K-type chloride channels composed of barttin with ClC-Ka or ClC-Kb. Loss-of-function mutations of the barttin gene BSND or of both, the ClC-Ka gene CLNKA and the ClC-Kb gene CLNKB lead to congenital deafness and renal salt wasting. Recently, we identified the gain-of-function mutation ClC-Kb(T481S) which is ...
Hobson-Webb Lisa D - - 2006
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is one of the most prevalent muscular dystrophies in the world, resulting from the deletion of tandem repeats on chromosome 4q35. Extramuscular associations include sensorineural hearing loss, mental retardation, and epilepsy. These manifestations are commonly found in those with large deletions and early onset of weakness. A ...
Zhu Hai-Yan - - 2006
By using multiple polymerase reaction (mPCR) and haploid analysis of 11 short tandem repeats (STRs) in dystrophin gene locus to identify female carriers in deletional DMD/BMD (Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy) families, valuable information can be gathered for prenatal diagnosis. In this article, de novo mutations were detected in two out of ...
Stuppia Liborio - - 2006
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy are caused in most cases by deletions of the DMD gene. These rearrangements are detectable in affected boys and men by a simple multiplex polymerase chain reaction approach. However, this technique is not able to disclose DMD deletions in heterozygous female carriers, ...
Ismail Muhammad - - 2006
Cone-rod retinal dystrophy (CORD) characteristically leads to early impairment of vision due to the simultaneous involvement of both cone and rod photoreceptor cells. Several loci/genes have been identified for CORD, including the cone-rod dystrophy (CORD8) locus [OMIM#605549] identified for a Pakistani family. All members of this family underwent detailed clinical ...
Agarwal Anil K - - 2006
Selective loss of body fat is the hallmark of patients with lipodystrophies. Among genetic lipodystrophies, fat loss is observed either from birth, as in congenital generalized lipodystrophy, or later in life, as in familial partial lipodystrophy. The extent of fat loss also varies among subtypes of lipodystrophies. Patients develop hyperinsulinemia, ...
Meaburn K J - - 2005
Gene-poor human chromosomes are reproducibly found at the nuclear periphery in proliferating cells. There are a number of inner nuclear envelope proteins that may have roles in chromosome location and anchorage, e.g. emerin and A-type lamins. In the last decade, a number of diseases associated with tissue degeneration and premature ...
Gottsch John D - - 2005
PURPOSE: To characterize histologically Descemet's membrane in an early-onset Fuchs corneal dystrophy (FCD) COL8A2 mutant and compare these findings with corneas from late-onset FCD and normal corneas. METHODS: A corneal explant from a patient with the L450W COL8A2 mutation and others with late-onset disease were studied with antibodies to collagens ...
Gwilliam Rhian - - 2005
PURPOSE: Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is an autosomal dominant disorder, affecting both the corneal endothelium and Descemet's membrane. In the Czech Republic, PPCD is one of the most prevalent corneal dystrophies. The purpose of this study was to determine the chromosomal locus of PPCD in two large Czech families, ...
Malcov Mira - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal X-linked recessive disorder with an incidence of approximately 1 in 3500 males, caused by mutation in the DMD gene. About 2/3 of DMD cases are caused by gross DMD gene deletion mutations. The purpose of this study was to develop a series ...
Lalic Tanja - - 2005
We have designed a multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay to simultaneously screen all 79 DMD gene exons for deletions and duplications in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) patients. We validated the assay by screening 123 unrelated patients from Serbia and Montenegro already screened using multiplex PCR. MLPA screening ...
Li Zheng - - 2005
Sorsby's fundus dystrophy (SFD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that results in degeneration of the macular region of the retina, with onset usually in the fourth to fifth decade of life. It leads to the rapid loss of central vision, often followed by further loss of peripheral vision. SFD ...
Utsch Boris - - 2006
Joubert syndrome (JBTS) is an autosomal recessive multisystem disease characterized by cerebellar vermis aplasia, mental retardation, muscular hypotonia, an irregular breathing pattern in the neonatal period and abnormal eye movements. Some individuals have progressive renal failure characterized by nephronophthisis (NPHP) and/or retinal dystrophy. Homozygous deletions of NPHP1 on chromosome 2q13 ...
Singh Krishna K - - 2005
Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are a natural model for retinal drusen formation. The present study aimed at clarifying whether chromosomal regions homologous to candidate genes for drusen formation and progression in humans are also associated with a drusen phenotype in rhesus macaques. Some 42 genetic markers from seven chromosomal regions ...
Toda T - - 2005
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), and muscle-eye-brain (MEB) disease are clinically similar autosomal recessive disorders characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy, lissencephaly, and eye anomalies. We identified the gene for FCMD and MEB, which encodes the fukutin protein and the protein O-linked mannose beta1, 2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (POMGnT1), respectively. Recent ...
Kekou Kiriaki - - 2005
Although the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) locus was mapped to 4q35 chromosomal region in 1990, no gene transcript has been as yet identified. Molecular diagnosis is based mainly on the detection of deletions of a 3.3 kb-tandem repeat array in the locus. This procedure offers almost 95% accuracy but is ...
Michaelides Michel - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the underlying molecular genetic basis of a retinal dystrophy identified in a 5-generation family, and to examine the phenotype and degree of intrafamilial variability. DESIGN: Family genetic study. PARTICIPANTS: Nine affected individuals from a nonconsanguineous British family. METHODS: Ophthalmologic examination, color vision testing, fundus photography, autofluorescence imaging, ...
Michaelides Michel - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the underlying molecular genetic basis of a retinal dystrophy identified in a 4-generation family and to examine the phenotype and the degree of intrafamilial variability. DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Six affected individuals from a nonconsanguineous British family. METHODS: Detailed ophthalmologic examination, color fundus photography, autofluorescence imaging, ...
Petersen-Jones S - - 2005
Retinal dystrophies are a common cause of blindness in purebred dogs. Progressive retinal atrophy, the canine equivalent of retinitis pigmentosa in humans, is the most common dystrophy. Molecular studies have led to the identification of the genetic defect underlying some forms of progressive retinal atrophy and the mapping of the ...
Huang Chin-Chang - - 2005
Myotonic dystrophies or dystrophia myotonica (DM) is a clinical syndrome that includes myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2), myotonic dystrophy type 3 (DM3), and so forth. The terminology was recommended by the new nomenclature for myotonic dystrophies of an International Panel for Consensus. Previous studies have ...
Zhang Yu-zhou - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the D4Z4 repeats on chromosome 4q35 in normal individuals in Shanghai and analysis the polymorphism of the D4Z4 locus. METHODS: The length of D4Z4 repeats on chromosome 4q35 in 191 normal individuals in Shanghai was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and Southern blotting after double digestion with ...
Lemmers, Richard
The autosomal dominant myopathy facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is the third most common inherited neuromuscular disorder and is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy, initially involving muscles in the face, upper arm and shoulder girdle. FSHD is caused by contractions of the D4Z4 repeat on chromosome 4q35. An almost ...
Li Shouling - - 2005
François-Neetens fleck corneal dystrophy (CFD) is a rare, autosomal dominant corneal dystrophy characterized by numerous small white flecks scattered in all layers of the stroma. Linkage analysis localized CFD to a 24-cM (18-Mb) interval of chromosome 2q35 flanked by D2S2289 and D2S126 and containing PIP5K3. PIP5K3 is a member of ...
Nadkarni Trimurti D - - 2005
A 30-year-old male presented complaining of a six-month history of progressive weakness and paraesthesia in all four limbs. Symptoms occurred following moderately severe neck trauma. Investigations revealed ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) between the atlas and axis, with marked cord compression. The patient showed remarkable neurological recovery following excision ...
Hillier Ladeana W - - 2005
Human chromosome 2 is unique to the human lineage in being the product of a head-to-head fusion of two intermediate-sized ancestral chromosomes. Chromosome 4 has received attention primarily related to the search for the Huntington's disease gene, but also for genes associated with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, polycystic kidney disease and a ...
Hong Jong-Seo - - 2005
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B (LGMD1B) are characterized by cardiac dysrhythmias, late-onset cardiomyopathy, slowly progressive skeletal myopathy and contractures of the neck, elbows and ankles. The causative mutation is either in the emerin gene (X-linked recessive EDMD) or lamin A/C gene (autosomal dominant EDMD2 or ...
Joerg H - - 2005
Bovine spinal muscular atrophy (BSMA) is a neurodegenerative disorder, which is widespread in Brown Swiss cattle. Main symptoms of the disease are muscular atrophy and recumbency. Affected calves die within few days or weeks. BSMA seems to be inherited as a recessive trait and the disease allele appears to have ...
Buzhov Borian T - - 2005
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by contraction of the D4Z4 repeat on chromosome 4q. Genetic confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of FSHD is complicated by the presence of a homologous repeat on chromosome 10q and the frequent repeat exchanges between both chromosomes. Here, we describe the genetic evaluation of ...
Frosk Patrick - - 2005
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is common in the Hutterite population of North America. We previously identified a mutation in the TRIM32 gene in chromosome region 9q32, causing LGMD2H in approximately two-thirds of the 60 Hutterite LGMD patients studied to date. A genomewide scan was undertaken in five families who ...
Starling Alessandra - - 2004
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive weakness of pelvic and scapular girdles and great clinical variability. It is a highly heterogeneous disease with 16 identified loci: six of them autosomal dominant (AD) (LGMD1) and 10 autosomal recessive (AR) (LGMD2). The responsible genes are known for ...
Vallo L - - 2005
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a dominant inherited disorder clinically similar to myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) with a peculiar pattern of multisystemic phenotypic features. The mutation responsible for DM1 is a CTG repeat in the 3' UTR of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase gene (DMPK) on chromosome 19q13.3, ...
Rijkers T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is associated with partial deletion of the subtelomeric D4Z4 repeat array on chromosome 4qter. This chromosomal rearrangement may result in regional chromatin relaxation and transcriptional deregulation of genes nearby. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here we describe the isolation and characterisation of FRG2, a member ...
Meuleman J - - 2004
Several retinal dystrophies, including retinitis pigmentosa type 12 and Leber congenital amaurosis, are caused by a large variety of mutations in the CRB1 (Crumbs homologue 1) gene. This discovery led to an increased focus on the function of CRB1 and the Drosophila homologue Crumbs. In the present study, we review ...
den Hollander Anneke I - - 2004
Mutations in the Crumbs homologue 1 (CRB1) gene have been reported in patients with a variety of autosomal recessive retinal dystrophies, including retinitis pigmentosa (RP) with preserved paraarteriolar retinal pigment epithelium (PPRPE), RP with Coats-like exudative vasculopathy, early onset RP without PPRPE, and Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). We extended our ...
Marques W W - - 2004
The spinal muscular atrophies (SMA) or hereditary motor neuronopathies result from the continuous degeneration and death of spinal cord lower motor neurons, leading to progressive muscular weakness and atrophy. We describe a large Brazilian family exhibiting an extremely rare, late-onset, dominant, proximal, and progressive SMA accompanied by very unusual manifestations, ...
Tam Rose - - 2004
This paper investigates the nuclear localization of human telomeres and, specifically, the 4q35 subtelomere mutated in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD). FSHD is a common muscular dystrophy that has been linked to contraction of D4Z4 tandem repeats, widely postulated to affect distant gene expression. Most human telomeres, such as 17q and 17p, ...
Lemmers Richard J F L - - 2004
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is associated with contractions of the D4Z4 repeat in the subtelomere of chromosome 4q. Two allelic variants of chromosome 4q (4qA and 4qB) exist in the region distal to D4Z4. Although both variants are almost equally frequent in the population, FSHD is associated exclusively with the ...
Meola Giovanni - - 2004
The myotonic dystrophies are a group of dominantly inherited disorders characterized by muscle wasting, myotonia, cataracts, hypogonadism and other system manifestations. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) results from an unstable expansion of a CTG repeat in 3' UTR of the DM protein kinase (DMPK) gene on chromosome 19q 13.3. Myotonic ...
Cardani R - - 2004
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a dominantly inherited disorder with multisystemic clinical features, caused by a CCTG repeat expansion in intron 1 of the zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9) gene. The mutant transcripts are retained in the nucleus forming multiple discrete foci also called ribonuclear inclusions. The size and ...
Yoshizawa K - - 2004
Our previous studies revealed that the genetic locus for chicken muscular dystrophy of abnormal muscle (AM) mapped to chromosome 2q, and that the region showed conserved synteny with human chromosome 8q11-24.3. In the current study, we mapped the chicken orthologues of genes from human chromosome 8q11-24 in order to identify ...
Prandini P - - 2004
The authors report a girl with autosomal recessive congenital muscular dystrophy linked to chromosome 6 (MDC1A) who carries a homozygous out-of-frame deletion in exon 56 of the LAMA2 gene but has a mild phenotype. She is still ambulant at age 13 years, shows white matter abnormalities on MRI, and traces ...
Bonifazi Emanuela - - 2004
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) lacks the expansion on chromosome 19q13 present in DM1 and is characterized by a mutation on 3q21. It has been shown that the DM2 mutation is a huge [CCTG]n repeat expansion in intron 1 of the zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9) gene. The longest normal ...
Wolfla Christopher E - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A laboratory investigation using a feline model of graded ventral spinal canal compromise was performed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effects of graded ventral spinal canal compromise, both in the static condition and in combination with passive spinal motion, on cervical ventral epidural pressure (CVEP). The CVEP effects of ...
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