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Results 551 - 599 of 599
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Brown C S - - 1985
The inheritance of a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) detected by a cloned DNA sequence (p754) from the short arm of the X chromosome has been studied in 14 Duchenne muscular dystrophy kindreds and six Becker muscular dystrophy kindreds. The linkage data obtained suggest that both the DMD and BMD ...
Davies K E - - 1985
Two DNA markers, a random DNA fragment 754 and the cDNA sequence encoding the gene for ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) have been studied in kindreds segregating for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. 754 and OTC are located close physically to the mutation in the region Xp21 below the breakpoints in two Duchenne females. ...
Bakker E - - 1985
By the use of a series of closely linked DNA probes detecting restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) distributed over the short arm of the X chromosome, a double crossover was detected in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy carrier and an affected male fetus was diagnosed at 12 weeks of gestation, with ...
Francke U - - 1985
We are reporting a male patient who suffered from chronic granulomatous disease associated with cytochrome b-245 deficiency and McLeod red cell phenotype, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and retinitis pigmentosa. On cytogenetic analysis, he seemed to have a very subtle interstitial deletion of part of band Xp21. Since it was impossible to ...
de Martinville B - - 1985
Panels of somatic cell hybrid lines carrying various structural rearrangements of the human X chromosome short arm were analyzed with 21 X-chromosome-specific cloned DNA fragments. We mapped these molecular markers to five different regions of the short arm of the X chromosome. The results were confirmed by gene-dosage studies of ...
Kunkel L M - - 1985
A human X-chromosome-enriched MboI-partial-digest recombinant library in phage lambda Charon30 has been constructed. Twelve out of the thirteen X-chromosome DNA sequences that were tested were present in the library. Most regions were covered in overlapping phage inserts; mean insert size was 13.7 kb. One phage from the library allowed detection ...
Shaw D J - - 1985
The human apolipoprotein CII gene probe detects a restriction fragment length polymorphism located on chromosome 19. We have investigated the linkage of this polymorphism to the myotonic dystrophy locus in families. The two loci are closely linked with a maximum Lod score of 7.877 at 4% recombination. The close linkage ...
Dorkins H - - 1985
A DNA marker C7, localised Xp21.1-Xp21.3, has been studied in kindreds segregating for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). In DMD families four crossovers were observed in 38 informative meioses between C7 and the DMD locus (theta = 0.12, z max = +2.72). In BMD families no ...
Hofker M H - - 1985
We have isolated 23 human X chromosome-specific DNA fragments from lambda libraries, prepared from flow-sorted X chromosomes. To increase diagnostic potential for X-linked genetic disorders, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the fragments were tested for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) with six restriction enzymes. All fragments were regionally mapped to ...
Fadda S - - 1985
A study of linkage between Becker muscular dystrophy and four X chromosome-specific DNA polymorphisms in 17 kindreds has indicated that this gene is located in Xp, as already anticipated by single pedigree analysis. In particular the DXS43 and DXS9 loci, identified by probes D2 and RC8, respectively, are closely linked ...
Padberg G - - 1984
Linkage studies were undertaken in 120 individuals from 10 kindreds with autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy using 35 different marker genes. No linkage was found. The highest lod score was 1.438 for the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene cluster (IGH) at a recombination fraction of 0.2. IGH is located on the ...
Worton R G - - 1984
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe X-linked disorder leading to early death of affected males. Females with the disease are rare, but seven are known to be affected because of a chromosomal rearrangement involving a site at or near the dmd gene on the X chromosome. One of the ...
Bulfield G - - 1984
An X chromosome-linked mouse mutant (gene symbol, mdx) has been found that has elevated plasma levels of muscle creatine kinase and pyruvate kinase and exhibits histological lesions characteristic of muscular dystrophy. The mutants show mild clinical symptoms and are viable and fertile. Linkage analysis with four X chromosome loci indicates ...
Kingston H M - - 1984
A linkage study in 30 Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) kindreds using three cloned DNA sequences from the X chromosome which demonstrate restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), suggests that the BMD gene is located on the short arm of the X chromosome, in the p21 region. The genes for Becker and ...
Moser H - - 1984
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common sex linked lethal disease in man (one case in about 4000 male live births). The patients are wheelchair bound around the age of 8-10 years and usually die before the age of 20 years. The mutation rate, estimated by different methods and ...
Kaladhar Reddy B - - 1984
We report a unique case of a 46-year-old female who had signs of Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy on clinical, electromyographic, and laboratory investigation. A brother, sister, maternal uncle, and her own son also had Duchenne type muscular dystrophy. Karyotype analysis in the proband showed both the X chromosomes to be morphologically ...
Verellen-Dumoulin C - - 1984
A young female was diagnosed as having X-linked muscular dystrophy of the Duchenne type. Chromosome studies, including trypsin-Giemsa banding, Quinacrine fluorescence, and nucleolus organizer region (NOR) silver staining revealed an X-autosome reciprocal translocation t(X;21) (p21;p12). Utilizing both [3H] thymidine autoradiography and the BrdU-Hoechst 33258-Giemsa technique, lymphocytes and fibroblasts were found ...
Reddy B K - - 1984
Clinical and genetic studies were made on progressive muscular dystrophy in eight young girls. No chromosomal abnormality was observed in these patients and their mothers. The pedigrees of six cases suggested an autosomal recessive inheritance and clinical features were identical with those of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Two other cases were ...
Emanuel B S - - 1983
Females who fully manifest Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X linked disorder, are extremely rare. Cytogenetic studies are indicated in such females to rule out an X chromosome abnormality, which could render a female hemizygous for X linked genes. At present there are six reports describing females with Duchenne muscular ...
Swash M - - 1983
Two healthy men with McLeod syndrome, a rare X-linked recessive phenotype characterized by acanthocytosis and weakened red blood cell antigenicity in the Kell blood group system, have been investigated. Both men showed raised blood creatine kinase levels, with myopathic EMG abnormalities. Biopsies of the quadriceps muscle showed the features of ...
Kingston H M - - 1983
A study of DNA restriction fragment polymorphisms and Becker muscular dystrophy has shown eight families informative for the cloned sequence L1.28, which is located on the short arm of the X chromosome between Xp110 and Xp113. Analysis of these families reveals linkage between the two loci, with the maximum likelihood ...
Davies K E - - 1983
The inheritance of two restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) on the short arm of the human X chromosome has been studied relative to Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This provides a partial genetic map of the short arm of the human X chromosome between Xp110 and Xp223. The data were derived from ...
Smith V C - - 1983
Five affected males in the fifth generation of a large pedigree of X-chromosomal incomplete achromatopsia were tested. All had SWS cone function. A 19-year-old affected man was a classical blue cone monochromat on color matching and spectral sensitivity. A 16-year-old boy showed evidence of a long wavelength sensitive cone active ...
Sarfarazi M - - 1983
The existence of linkage has been investigated between the Xg blood group system, two DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) located on the short arm of the X chromosome, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). No linkage was found between the Xg locus and the more proximal ...
Wieacker P - - 1983
A cloned DNA sequence, RC8, from the short arm of the X chromosome which is linked to the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene has been employed to study linkage relationships with the Xg-linked retinoschisis (RS) locus. Results of three point linkage analyses in two families suggest that the gene order ...
Wieacker P - - 1983
Recently linkage has been described between the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene and a cloned DNA sequence, RC8, that detects restriction fragment length polymorphism and is derived from the distal short arm of the X chromosome. Positive lod scores between RC8 and Xg prompted us to examine the linkage relationship ...
de Jong P T - - 1982
The development of a retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy with a horseshoe pattern is described. In the same family, pigmentations resembling butterfly dystrophy, fundus pulverulentus, and reticular dystrophy were found. Since reticular dystrophy, macroreticular dystrophy, fundus pulverulentus, butterfly dystrophy, and pattern dystrophy lead to the same results with regard to visual ...
Eshagian J - - 1982
Clinically and pathologically there are two kinds of posterior subcapsular cataracts: vacuolar-lacy and solid plaque. Vacuolar opacities occur in senile, diabetic, retinitis pigmentosa, steroid, and secondary cataracts (Elschnig pearls). Plaque opacities occur in congenital polar, myotonic dystrophy, and Turner syndrome (chromosome XO) cataracts. The vacuolar opacities tend to be more ...
Welch K - - 1981
Caudal herniation of the hindbrain, indistinguishable from the Chiari I deformity, may occur after the establishment of spinal subarachnoid shunts and become symptomatic years after the procedure. Examples are presented and others are cited from the literature. It is proposed that the force responsible for the displacement is the difference ...
Jacobs P A - - 1981
An isolated case of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in a female who has a de novo t(X;5)(p21;q35) translocation is described. The similarities between this patient and four previously reported females with Duchenne muscular dystrophy are discussed. It is concluded that the locus for Duchenne muscular dystrophy is at Xp21 and, furthermore, ...
Dossetor J F - - 1981
A child who presented at age 9 months with steatorrhoea and malnutrition is described. After an initial period of intravenous feeding it was found that oral gentamicin led to a reduction of clinical steatorrhoea and an increase in weight, and so gentamicin was continued for 18 months. Investigation showed severe ...
Vassilopoulos D - - 1981
The elucidation of possible involvement of the vertebral canal in familial spastic paraplegia is attempted. The sagittal and the transverse diameters of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebral canal were estimated in 14 patients and 100 controls. The results showed that the vertebral canal of the patients is considerably smaller ...
Zellweger H - - 1980
The first two cases of sporadic Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in females without a family history of DMD are reported. Both females had normal chromosomes and were identified as DMD by in vitro studies of protein synthesis by muscle ribosomes and by carrier studies of the mother of the proband. ...
Williams R S - - 1980
An infant with the clinical syndrome of multiple joint ankyloses and facial anomalies was examined at autopsy. Neuropathologic analysis disclosed reduced numbers of spinal motor neurons and denervation atrophy of skeletal muscle as the basis for joint ankyloses. A comparison of the neuropathologic findings in this case to those to ...
Lindenbaum R H - - 1979
A unique combination of a Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy in a girl with a translocation-inversion rearrangement involving an X chromosome and a no 1 chromosome appeared as a result of both gene mutation and chromosome mutation in the mother. The X-autosome rearrangement would permit full expression of an X-linked recessive gene, ...
Robertson W C WC - - 1978
To test whether congenital nemaline myopathy (NM) might have a neurogenic basis, we evaluated the number and frequency distribution of L5 motoneuron cell bodies and their myelinated ventral root (VSR) axons in a typical case. Results were compared to those from three age-matched controls and those from a child with ...
Noble K G - - 1978
A brother and sister born of a consanguinous marriage had bilateral foveal retinoschisis and a generalized rod-cone dysfunction. This was associated with nyctalopia, hyperopia, minimal vitreous opacities in the sister, a paramacular tapetal sheen reflex, normal retinal vessels, an abnormal electroretinogram, and a normal electro-oculogram in the less affected brother. ...
Gomez M R - - 1977
Duchenne muscular dystrophy manifested in one of girl twins. The twins were monozygous on the basis of red cell and HL antigens and skin graft compatibility. Karyotyping, including banding techniques, showed a normal number of chromosomes and a normal configuration of the X-chromosome in both twins. The twins were identical ...
Flanagan J R - - 1977
A new method of mosaic fate mapping, called focusing, is introduced. Its advantages are that it allows a mapping, on the blastoderm surface, of the site of action of functions defined by either pre-adult lethal or behavioral mutations. Moreover, it does not require that the mosaics used be 50% of ...
Eyster M E - - 1977
Two unrelated families are described with mild hemophilia A in whom six obligate carriers had unusually low VIII AHF levels. In each family, successive generations of males were affected with hemophilia A as determined by low VIII AHF in the presence of normal VIII AGN and VIII VWF levels. In ...
Levisky R B - - 1977
The present report describes a sibship with 2 individuals affected by myotonic dystrophy and a third with syringomyelia. The mother was affected by myotonic dystrophy. A balanced 2/13 translocation was detected in the individual with syringomyelia, in one affected by myotonic dystrophy and in their clinically normal father. The association ...
Jones E W - - 1976
This histological changes induced by 1 month's applications of various corticorteroids to normal forearm skin were studied. Marked epidermal atrophy was present at 1 month with the more potent steroids, but the dermal changes were minimal or absent. The methods outlined in this study could serve as a useful model ...
Vassilopoulos D - - 1976
The current status of research into chromosomal abnormalities in neurological diseases is reviewed. The only possible association between chromosome aberration and neurological disorder is found in ataxia telangiectasia and in tumours of the nervous system. In the remaining diseases reviewed, no specific association was confirmed. This was expected to some ...
Fried K - - 1975
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy is known as a rare automsomal dominant disease. A family is reported suggesting that there may be genetic heterogeneity in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy and that in some families the mode of inheritance may be autosomal recessive.
Burmeister M - - 1986
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an X-linked recessive disease affecting about 1 in 4,000 newborn boys. As in many other inherited diseases, the biochemical basis of the condition is unknown, and as yet there is no effective treatment. Translocations, deletions and other mutations leading to the DMD phenotype are distributed over ...
Brockdorff N - - 1987
The recent discovery of sequences at the site of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene in humans has opened up the possibility of a detailed molecular analysis of the genes in humans and in related mammalian species. Until relatively recently, there was no obvious mouse model of this genetic disease ...
Forrest S M - - 1987
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD and BMD) genes are located in Xp21 on the short arm of the X chromosome. DMD patients display a much more severe clinical course than BMD patients, and yet about 10% of cases of each have been reported to have deletions for parts of ...
Ray P N - - 1986
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder which affects approximately 1 in 3,300 males, making it the most common of the neuromuscular dystrophies. The biochemical basis of the disease is unknown and as yet no effective treatment is available. A small number of females are also affected with ...
LIEBMAN P A - - 1962
Three spectral entities have been observed in single intact frog rod outer segments at 506 mmu, 480 mmu and 380 mmu. It is likely that the peak of 506 mmu was somewhat altered by bleaching reactions and originated at about 510 mmu. This is identified with the 502 mmu frog ...
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