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Results 501 - 550 of 599
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Lanman J T JT - - 1987
Restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism analysis was used to examine a female who is segregating for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and a deletion of the DXS164 region of the X chromosome. The segregating female has no prior family history of DMD, and she has two copies of the DXS164 region in her peripheral blood ...
Chutkow J G - - 1987
We studied twin sisters, in their sixth decade, who were obligate carriers of Duchenne dystrophy. One had a slowly progressing limb-girdle myopathy since her mid-20s. The other sister showed no evidence of neuromuscular disease by history or on physical examination but had high serum CK values and degeneration and regeneration ...
Mukai E - - 1987
We have studied one family of a pedigree in which bulbospinal muscular atrophy and protanopia were segregated. Genotypes for these disorders were obtained on three generations, and the maximum likelihood estimate of recombination fraction was 0.4 with the lod score method. The results indicated that the two loci are not ...
Boyd Y - - 1987
Individual translocation chromosomes from six girls suffering from Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD or BMD) have been isolated in human-mouse somatic cell hybrids. DNA prepared from these hybrids was probed with sequences physically close to the locus; these include a junction fragment from the site of the X:21 translocation ...
Bartlett R J - - 1987
Myotonic muscular dystrophy (DM) is the most common muscular dystrophy, affecting adults as well as children. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and is characterized by variable expressivity and late age-of-onset. Linkage studies have established the locus on chromosome 19. In order to identify tightly linked probes for ...
Francke U - - 1987
Glycerol kinase deficiency (GKD) is an X-linked recessive trait that occurs in association with congenital adrenal hypoplasia (AH) and developmental delay with or without congenital dystrophic myopathy. Several such patients have recently been reported to have cytological deletions of chromosome region Xp21 and/or of DNA markers that map near the ...
Davies K E - - 1987
The ability to map disease loci using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) identified by DNA probes has revolutionized molecular genetics. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies have been shown to be localized within the same very small region of Xp21 on the human X chromosome. The mutation itself should soon be ...
Avner P - - 1987
Five probes localizing to the Xq26-Xqter region of the human X chromosome have been genetically mapped on the mouse X chromosome using an interspecific cross involving Mus spretus to a contiguous region lying proximally to the Tabby (Ta) locus. Pedigree and recombinational analysis establish the marker order as being Hprt-FIX-c11-G6PD-St14-1. ...
Monaco A P - - 1987
Twenty-nine deletion breakpoints were mapped in 220 kb of the DXS164 locus relative to potential exons of the Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy gene. Four deletion junction fragments were isolated to acquire outlying Xp21 loci on both the terminal and centromere side of the DXS164 locus. The junction loci were ...
Friedrich U - - 1987
In seven large families with myotonic dystrophy (DM) comprising 102 individuals, linkage studies were performed employing restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the complement component 3 gene and the 19cen C banding heteromorphism as genetic markers. Three-point linkage analysis excludes DM from the 19cen-C3 segment and strongly supports its assignment to ...
Rugolo M - - 1987
Previous studies have suggested an increased chloride membrane permeability in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) fibroblasts. We report that an increased chloride efflux with respect to controls is present not only in fibroblasts from DMD, but also from two other X-linked muscular dystrophies, Becker and Emery-Dreifuss, as well as in clones ...
Kenwrick S - - 1987
Genetic and molecular studies show that the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) locus at Xp21 is large and complex. We have analyzed this region using pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and have determined physical distances between Xp21 probes. The sum of the sizes of the Sfil restriction fragments detected by these ...
Neri G - - 1987
We report on a family segregating the myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene and a t(5;8) reciprocal translocation. The DM presented the characteristics typically seen in this disease, i.e. full penetrance, broad expressivity, apparent anticipation in successive generations, presence of a congenital form transmitted by a carrier mother. The family was uninformative ...
Hyser C L - - 1987
Carrier detection in Duchenne dystrophy (DD) and Becker dystrophy (BD) can be achieved with DNA probes that recognize restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). In 22 families, we found that 16 of 23 females at risk for being DD or BD carriers could be provided with more definitive indications of carrier ...
Clarke A - - 1986
A syndrome of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), adrenal hypoplasia, glycerol kinase deficiency, and mental retardation has been recognised. We report a further case ascertained from a history of DMD, severe mental retardation, and an Addison-like disorder. Cytogenetic analysis of the proband revealed an interstitial deletion of the short arm of ...
Thomas N S - - 1986
The linkage relationships of the gene for Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy have been analysed in a large American kindred using DNA probes from different regions of the X chromosome. Close linkage was found with the locus for factor VIII, with no recombinants in 12 opportunities (maximum lod score 4.3), and with ...
Schwartz M - - 1986
Choroideremia is an X-linked hereditary retinal dystrophy leading to blindness in early adulthood. RFLP analyses in three Danish families were consistent with close linkage between choroideremia and the locus DXYS1, located at Xq13-Xq21. Measurable linkage was found between choroideremia and DXS17, at Xq22. Furthermore, choroideremia was diagnosed in a boy ...
Tranebjaerg L - - 1986
The authors describe a six-year-old boy with cone dystrophy, mental retardation, facial dysmorphism and short neck, hands and feet in whom they found a 1:6 chromosomal translocation. This is the first description of retinal cone dystrophy and a chromosomal aberration. The hypothesize that the cone dystrophy in the patient may ...
Hodgson S - - 1986
We have searched for linkage between polymorphic loci defined by DNA markers on the X chromosome and X-linked Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). There are high recombination rates between EDMD and the Xp loci known to be linked to Becker and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. There is a suggestion of linkage between ...
Bertelson C J - - 1986
The inheritance of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in 25 families was studied with 13 X chromosome specific cloned DNA fragments from 10 loci in and surrounding Xp21. When multiple probes were informative, the meiotic exchange points for each meiosis were located in individual families. Neither genetic nor physical evidence indicates an ...
Hart K - - 1986
We have probed the DNA of 156 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients, representing 140 kindreds, with cloned DNA sequences derived from Xp21 and known to show deletions in some DMD patients. Sixteen cases showed a deletion, as defined by lack of hybridisation to one or more of the four probes ...
Yates J R - - 1986
Two families with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EMD) have been studied with DNA markers mapping to Xq27.3----qter. No recombination was observed in 11 phase known meioses informative for the factor VIII gene (F8C) and eight phase known meioses informative for DXS15 (DX13), giving maximum lod scores of 3.50 and 2.50 respectively ...
Spaans F - - 1986
Thirteen members of a large family presented with a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN); 8 of them also showed more or less prominent signs of myotonic dystrophy (MyD). There were no cases with MyD alone. The disorder showed segregation with genetic markers for the MyD gene on chromosome 19. ...
Thomas N S - - 1986
Study of 165 unrelated patients with X linked muscular dystrophy (117 with Duchenne and 48 with Becker dystrophy) has shown nine Duchenne cases (8% of the total) where a molecular deletion was detected using probes pERT87 or XJ1.1. No cytogenetic abnormalities were detectable in this unselected series of patients and ...
Burn J - - 1986
Monozygotic twin girls are reported, one of whom has the typical clinical features of Duchenne muscular dystrophy despite a normal female karyotype. Although certain features of the biopsy were atypical, the clinical diagnosis was supported by persistent markedly raised blood creatine kinase levels and findings typical of DMD on electromyography ...
Bakker E - - 1986
Thirteen marker loci localised on the short arm of the X chromosome are available for use in genetic studies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). This large number of probes detecting about 20 RFLPs encouraged us to set up a standard procedure using a sequence of selected probes and restriction enzymes ...
van Ommen G J - - 1986
Employing pulsed field gradient electrophoresis, we constructed a 4.5 million bp (Mb) Sfil restriction map of the human X-chromosomal region p21, harboring genes for Duchenne (DMD) and Becker Muscular Dystrophy. In a DMD patient with additional chronic granulomatosis and retinitis pigmentosa, the proximal 3.5 Mb is deleted. Another DMD patient, ...
Hofker M H - - 1986
We have isolated a random cosmid cX5 (DXS148), which maps into a small Xp21 deletion associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and McLeod syndrome, cX5 maps proximally outside several other deletions associated with DMD, glycerol kinase deficiency (GK) and adrenal hypoplasia (AHC). The ...
Shaw D J - - 1986
Myotonic dystrophy is associated with disturbances in the insulin response, possibly due to an abnormality of the insulin receptor. Both the myotonic dystrophy (DM) and insulin receptor (INSR) genes are on chromosome 19. Using a cloned gene probe for INSR, we have studied its linkage relationships with the DM locus ...
Shaw D J - - 1986
We have studied the genetic linkage relationships of seven DNA polymorphisms on chromosome 19, with each other and with the myotonic dystrophy locus. The DNA sequences were localised to various regions of the chromosome using translocations in somatic cell hybrids. These results provide the basis for a linkage map of ...
Pericak-Vance M A - - 1986
The cDNA and genomic probes for apolipoprotein C2 detect two restriction fragment length polymorphisms on chromosome 19. The combined estimated percentage of heterozygosity, assuming equilibrium, is approximately 75%, ie, apolipoprotein C2 is informative in 75% of matings. We have analyzed over 350 individuals in large multigenerational families for linkage of ...
Shaw D J - - 1986
Recent advances in agarose gel electrophoresis of large DNA fragments raise the possibility of an entirely new approach to mapping mammalian genomes. In this article is discussed the potential of this technology for tackling problems such as construction of linkage maps, identifying chromosome translocation breakpoints, and moving from linked markers ...
Chelly J - - 1986
The single X chromosome of a girl with Turner syndrome (45,X) and typical Duchenne muscular dystrophy was investigated at the chromosomal and DNA levels. No visible abnormality of the residual X chromosome was found upon high-resolution R-banding. The DNA was analysed by Southern blotting and hybridization with seven cloned probes ...
Müller C R - - 1986
A novel procedure is presented to estimate the ratio of male to female mutation rates for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). X-specific restriction fragment length polymorphisms are used to establish DNA haplotypes in three-generation DMD families. From the proportion of DMD patients who have inherited their maternal grandfather's X chromosome, the ...
Ribeiro M C - - 1986
This is a report of a girl with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) associated with an 46,X,t (X;15) (p21; q 26) chromosome constitution. Although in the eight published cases of girls with DMD and a t(X;aut) different autosomes were involved in the translocation, the breakpoint was always at Xp21. The present ...
Bortolini E R - - 1986
We report on a 4-year-old girl with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). One of her sisters had grossly elevated serum creatine-kinase and pyruvate-kinase levels, and one of her maternal great uncles was presumptively affected by DMD. Cytogenetic analysis showed a 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX chromosome constitution. The maternally inherited DMD gene is presumed to ...
Wilcox D E - - 1986
We report two male cousins with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in whom cytogenetic studies have shown a small interstitial deletion at Xp21. The lesion is readily detectable in patients and carriers by flow cytometry which indicates that approximately 6000 kb of DNA are deleted in each case. The DNA markers ...
Baehner R L - - 1986
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a disorder of phagocytes that is usually inherited as an X chromosome-linked trait. Previous family studies suggested that the CGD locus resides on the distal short arm (Xp22-Xpter). Using cloned, polymorphic DNA probes we have performed a linkage analysis within CGD families that suggests a ...
Wulfsberg E A - - 1986
The most common muscular dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), is an X-linked disorder that ordinarily has full clinical expression only in males. Reports of typical clinical features in females are rare but have occurred with a phenotypically identical autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy as well as in females with X-chromosome abnormalities ...
Nevin N C - - 1986
A female with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, diagnosed at the age of 3 years 8 months, is reported. Chromosome studies revealed an X;autosome reciprocal translocation t(X;5) (p21.2;q31.2). With the BrdU-Hoechst 33258-Giemsa technique, there was nonrandom preferential inactivation of the normal X. Our patient is the ninth reported case of Duchenne muscular ...
Dunger D B - - 1986
In studies of the X chromosomes of two unrelated boys with adrenal hypoplasia, glycerol kinase deficiency, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and mental retardation, conventional G banding did not reveal any numerical or structural abnormality, but direct DNA analysis with the X short-arm probes 754, C7, and OCT revealed a deletion in ...
Williams H - - 1986
Seventy three sisters of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and their families were studied using up to seven deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) probes linked to the gene on the short arm of the X chromosome. Fifty three (73%) were informative for flanking markers, a further 18 (24%) being informative for a ...
Huson S M - - 1986
Three chromosome 19 markers known to be linked to myotonic dystrophy have been studied in nine families with peripheral neurofibromatosis (Von Recklinghausen's disease). Clear evidence against linkage has been found for all three markers, excluding the peripheral neurofibromatosis gene from the myotonic dystrophy region of chromosome 19. Previous reports of ...
Bartley J A - - 1986
We report an interstitial deletion in the short arm of the X chromosome in a 6-year-old boy with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, glycerol kinase deficiency, adrenal insufficiency, intermittent hypoglycemia, spasticity, psychomotor retardation, and growth delay. His mother also has this deletion in an X chromosome. From our findings, we propose that ...
Kimura S - - 1986
A female with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and an X/4 translocation is reported. Her clinical signs, laboratory data and muscle pathology are compatible with those of typical DMD. She also has a ASD, type II, with some kind of cardiomyopathy. Detailed cytogenetic analyses by means of high resolution banding and ...
Huson S M - - 1986
In this paper we report the study of the segregation of three chromosome 19 markers known to be linked to myotonic dystrophy in nine families with von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis. Clear evidence against linkage was found for all three markers excluding the von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis gene from the myotonic dystrophy region ...
Yamaoka L H - - 1985
Screening polymorphic DNA probes for linkage to myotonic dystrophy (DM) and to other reported chromosome 19 (CH19) genes will develop a linkage map for human CH19. We report here the assignment of 3 cloned unique DNA sequences to 3 distinct regions of CH19. The novel use of 35S-labeled probes facilitated ...
Drayna D - - 1985
A database useful for mapping the human X chromosome has been established. The data consist of the genotypic characterizations obtained at more than 20 DNA marker loci from a set of 38 selected families. Multilocus linkage analysis has provided an initial genetic map completely spanning the distance from the distal ...
Creel D J - - 1985
The electroretinograms (ERGs) of patients with definite myotonic dystrophy were studied as well as neurologically asymptomatic patients with minimal expression of myotonic dystrophy. Children in 4 families exhibited definite myotonic dystrophy when neither parent exhibited clinical or electromyographic signs of myotonic dystrophy. Myotonic dystrophy is dominantly inherited. We were able ...
Davies K E - - 1985
The human X chromosome will soon be mapped at 10 cM intervals. This will permit the localisation of any X linked disorder provided that informative families are available for linkage analysis. The location of RFLPs currently in use for clinical diagnosis is summarised. The next decade should witness the elucidation ...
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