Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 603
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Wijmenga C - - 1990
The autosomal dominant disorder facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is the last of the major progressive muscular dystrophies in which the gene had not been located. In linkage analysis on ten Dutch families with this disorder a lod score of 6.34 at a recombination fraction of 0.13 was obtained with the ...
Melki J - - 1990
Linkage analysis in twenty-five families with acute (type I) spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) showed that the mutant gene responsible for the disorder is tightly linked to the D5S39 locus. The mutation(s) causing the intermediate (type II) and juvenile chronic (type III) forms of SMA were also mapped to DNA marker ...
Bodrug S E - - 1990
There are 23 females known with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD or BMD) who have X;autosome translocations that disrupt the X chromosome within band p21. A female with a t(X;4)(p21;q35) translocation was identified prenatally at routine amniocentesis. At birth, she was found to have a raised CK level, consistent ...
Gilliam T C - - 1990
The childhood-onset spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) describe a heterogeneous group of disorders that selectively affect the alpha motoneuron. We have shown that chronic childhood-onset SMA (SMA II and III) maps to a single locus on chromosome 5q. Acute SMA (SMA Type I/Werdnig-Hoffmann/severe/infantile) is the main cause of heritable infant mortality. ...
MacKenzie A E - - 1990
The recent cloning of cDNA encoding the Ca++ release channel (ryanodine receptor) of human sarcoplasmic reticulum has enabled us to use somatic cell hybrids to localize the ryanodine receptor gene (RYR) to the proximal long arm of human chromosome 19. Studies with additional hybrids containing deletions or translocations in chromosome ...
Johnson K - - 1990
The region of human chromosome 19 which includes the myotonic dystrophy locus (DM) has recently been redefined by the tight linkage between it and the gene for muscle-specific creatine kinase (CKMM), which lies just proximal to DM. Utilizing human/hamster hybrid cell lines containing defined breakpoints within this region, we have ...
Pillers D A - - 1990
Glycerol kinase deficiency (GKD) has been described in isolation and in complex phenotypes including either congenital adrenal hypoplasia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, or both. Cytogenetic and molecular studies have localized these defects to a deletion involving the X chromosome at band Xp21, consistent with its X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance. Other ...
Prior T W - - 1990
By use of cDNA probes, molecular deletions were identified in 66.6% of 42 patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) or Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). Owing to this high deletion rate, a new strategy for detecting DMD/BMD carriers is feasible in which the polymerase chain reaction is used as an initial ...
Wijmenga C - - 1990
Cosegregation of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has been described in two small families. The gene for FAP is located on the long arm of chromosome 5. We studied two large Dutch families with FSHD and found no evidence for linkage with gene markers closely linked ...
Yamaoka L H - - 1990
The myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene is localized to the proximal long arm of chromosome 19. There have been reports of tight linkage to a number of chromosome 19 markers, including APOC2 and creatine kinase muscle type (CKMM), but they did not establish orientation of the 2 markers to DM. We ...
Herrmann F H - - 1990
We have screened patients of 14 families at risk for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) from the northern part of the German Democratic Republic using the cDNA clones Cf 23a and CF 56a. Of the 14 unrelated DMD families, 7 (50%) showed different deletions with these cDNA probes. A prenatal diagnosis ...
Møller H U - - 1989
The paper presents preliminary results of linkage relations of the locus for granular corneal dystrophy Groenouw type I employing 35 classic genetic markers. Blood and saliva from 124 members of one family with this disorder were examined with the aim of localizing the disease to a certain chromosome. The highest ...
Noble K G - - 1989
Three male siblings, born of nonconsanguineous parents, manifested the characteristic paravenous bone spicule accumulation typically seen in pigmented paravenous chorioretinal atrophy. The wide range of fundus appearances was apparent. The electroretinogram confirmed a localized dystrophy, and an abnormal electro-oculogram in the least affected brother suggested a more widespread abnormality. The ...
Kimber R D - - 1989
Forty-three unrelated South Australian boys diagnosed as having either Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy were screened for deletions using DNA probes to the dystrophin gene. For the 35 boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the deletion frequency was 43% using a simplified probing strategy based on the probes Cf56a, Cf56b, pERT87-15 ...
Witkowski J A - - 1989
The gene for the locus involved in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies has been cloned and subject to intense analysis. The protein product of the locus is called dystrophin, and it has been shown to be associated with the muscle fiber membrane. The new knowledge of the molecular genetics of ...
Korneluk R G - - 1989
The gene for myotonic dystrophy (DM), the most common form of adult muscular dystrophy, has previously been mapped to the proximal long arm of chromosome 19. We have conducted linkage analysis on 53 DM families (comprising 421 individuals) using seven DM-linked DNA markers. This analysis, combined with our somatic cell ...
Grimm T - - 1989
The DMD gene, which spans more than 2,000 kbp, has been assigned to band Xp21 of the X chromosome. Two subclones (PERT 87-1 and PERT 87-15) of the intragenic locus DXS164 physically are separated by approximately 60 kbp. Linkage studies were done in 49 informative DMD families by using the ...
Sarfarazi M - - 1989
By using the genetic linkage data between the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) gene and 57 markers on various autosomes, we have constructed an exclusion map for this disorder. The maximum likelihood location of the FSHD gene and the percentage of the excluded areas on each chromosome are presented here. This ...
Shaw D J - - 1989
Myotonic dystrophy, the commonest muscular dystrophy of adult life and the most variable of all muscular dystrophies follows autosomal dominant inheritance and is determined by a genetic locus on chromosome 19. The development of DNA probes on this chromosome, some of them representing specific genes, has provided a series of ...
Norman A - - 1989
Manifesting carriers of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy are uncommon but well described. Such patients are of particular importance with regard to the differential diagnosis from autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. All mothers of affected males known to the Genetic Register of Muscular Dystrophy Families in Wales were contacted, and ...
Laing N G - - 1989
DNA isolated from a family segregating a deletion in the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene and control families was digested with restriction enzymes, Southern transferred, and probed with a radioactive dystrophin cDNA probe. The resulting autoradiographs were analyzed with a densitometric spectrophotometer to detect carriers of the deletion. The carrier status ...
Papiha S S - - 1989
To enquire whether the known X linked probes linked to the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene vary in their RFLP frequencies, three probes, 754, XJ1.1, and pERT87.8, were tested in European, Indian Muslim, and West African samples. Though the average heterozygosity for the three together is fairly similar in the three ...
Ionasescu V V - - 1989
We studied a Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) family with a manifesting carrier. Proximal muscle weakness, pseudohypertrophy of the calves, significantly elevated serum creatine kinase and dystrophic alterations in the muscle biopsy were the characteristic phenotypical features of this manifesting carrier. The recombinant DNA study showed a recombinant chromosome with a ...
Koch M - - 1989
Linkage analysis has been carried out in six German families with autosomal dominantly inherited myotonia congenita (Thomsen's disease) using five chromosome 19 markers known to be linked to the gene for myotonic dystrophy (DM). Two of the markers, APOC1 and APOC2, are tightly linked to DM. Close linkage between these ...
Wolff G - - 1989
This report concerns two families in which the index patients are sporadic cases of a benign form of muscular dystrophy. In both families the sisters of the patients have married a close relative. The respective risks for a child of these consanguineous marriages being affected with either X linked Becker ...
Kömpf J - - 1989
Tight linkage was excluded for 8 markers in 37 blood relatives from 3 families, 29 of whom had granular corneal dystrophy (Groenouw I). Inconclusive results were obtained for linkage with four marker loci. The highest positive LOD score was 0.57 for linkage between glutamic pyruvic transaminase and granular corneal dystrophy. ...
Johnson K - - 1988
The two markers most closely linked to the myotonic dystrophy (DM) locus on chromosome 19 are the gene that codes for apolipoprotein CII (APOC2) and the anonymous probe D19S19 (LDR152). Both of these markers show tight linkage to DM, with maximum lod scores of greater than 20 at recombination fractions ...
Chen J D - - 1988
Restriction fragment length polymorphism studies and gene dosage analysis using the intragenic probes pERT87 were used to detect deletions in potential carriers in a family with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in which the only affected male was deceased. Two females were found to have inherited the paternal pERT87 alleles but not ...
Lunt P W - - 1988
A panel of 399 individuals from 24 kindreds with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been established for genetic linkage studies. A previous suggestion of linkage on the distal long arm of chromosome 14 to the locus (IGHG) for the constant region of the heavy chain of IgG immunoglobulin was tested ...
Matsumoto T - - 1988
Five male Japanese patients with complex glycerol kinase deficiency (CGKD) and their relatives were studied clinically, cytogenetically, and molecular-genetically. All patients had muscular dystrophy or muscle weakness, mental retardation, congenital adrenal hypoplasia, and glycerol kinase deficiency. High-resolution GTG-banded chromosomes showed a microdeletion in the Xp21 region in all four patients ...
Romeo G - - 1988
Two unrelated pedigrees, which show recurrence of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) in three generations, have been studied using 13 X-linked DNA polymorphisms and somatic cell hybrids to establish the phase of the corresponding alleles in some obligate carriers. The reconstruction of cross-over points on the X chromosomes carrying the EDMD ...
Breningstall G N - - 1988
We report a unique presentation of X-linked recessive dystrophy as neonatal rhabdomyolysis. There was induration of the proximal musculature in an otherwise well neonate and striking CK elevation, without myoglobinuria. Muscle biopsy at age 1 year showed dystrophic alterations, and X chromosome analysis showed a deletion within or adjacent to ...
Yoder F E - - 1988
Genetic linkage studies are presented for nine kindreds with Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD). This condition is an autosomal dominant macular dystrophy with reduced penetrance and highly variable expressivity. Asymptomatic carriers were identified with electro-oculography, fundus photographs and fluorescein angiography. Blood and saliva specimens were obtained from informative family members ...
Bertelson C J - - 1988
The McLeod phenotype is an X-linked, recessive disorder in which the red blood cells demonstrate acanthocytic morphology and weakened antigenicity in the Kell blood group system. The phenotype is associated with a reduction of in vivo red cell survival, but the permanent hemolytic state is usually compensated by erythropoietic hyperplasia. ...
Davies K E - - 1988
We have studied patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), DMD together with glycerol kinase (GK) deficiency, or DMD together with both GK deficiency and congenital adrenal hypoplasia (AHC). Analysis of deletions in these patients allows the mapping of these mutations in Xp21. The following order is proposed: Xpter - L1 ...
Chelly J - - 1988
We report a case of a boy with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) associated with GK deficiency (GK), congenital adrenal hypoplasia (AHC), and mental retardation. Cytogenetic analysis of prometaphasic chromosomes revealed an interstitial chromosome deletion at Xp21.2 possibly extending to Xp21.1 or Xp21.3. His phenotypically normal mother was heterozygous for this ...
Wood S - - 1988
We have identified a Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) pedigree where the disease is associated with a molecular deletion within the DMD locus. We have examined the meiotic segregation products of the common female ancestor using marker restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) detected by probes that lie within this deletion. These ...
Verhoeven A J - - 1988
The NADPH:O2 oxidoreductase catalyzing the respiratory burst in activated phagocytes from healthy individuals is not operative in phagocytes from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). In a microscopic slide test using the dye nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT), carriers of X-linked CGD can be recognized by a mosaic pattern of NBT-positive and ...
Davies K E - - 1988
It is now possible to map almost any disease locus to a chromosomal region in the human genome by family studies with restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies have been shown to be localized within the same small region of Xp21 on the human X chromosome. Myotonic ...
Wood S - - 1988
We report on two sisters with a history of muscle weakness and an electromyogram (EMG) diagnosis of Kugelberg-Welander syndrome (KWS) or juvenile spinal muscular atrophy. A half-brother to these women was diagnosed to have Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Using molecular probes, we identified a deletion within Xp21 in this isolated ...
Wapenaar M C - - 1988
We have made a detailed study of a deletion hot spot in the distal half of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene, using intragenic probe P20 (DXS269), isolated by a hybrid cell-mediated cloning procedure. P20 detects 16% deletions in patients suffering from either DMD or Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), in ...
Saviranta P - - 1988
We here report linkage studies in a family suffering from a recently described hereditary muscle disease named X-linked myopathy with excessive autophagy (XMEA). Significant lod scores excluding linkage to the Duchenne-Becker muscular dystrophy locus were found. Several other loci on the short and long arms of the X chromosome produced ...
Boyd Y - - 1988
Over 20 females have been reported to carry reciprocal X; autosome translocations with breakpoints in Xp21 and to suffer from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We have positioned nine of these breakpoints with respect to the Duchenne gene by mapping probes from the DMD region against a panel of somatic cell ...
Johnson K J - - 1988
Using a cDNA probe for the gamma gene of protein kinase C (PKCG), an informative RFLP with a PIC value of 0.62 has been identified with the enzyme MspI. The polymorphic bands have been assigned to chromosome 19. Analysis of the segregation of alleles for this probe in myotonic dystrophy ...
Frey D - - 1988
In a patient suffering from X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD)--a disorder of phagocytesuperoxide generation--and McLeod syndrome, characterized by the absence of the red cell Kell antigen, we identified a deletion of the entire X-CGD gene by means of DNA hybridization with a cDNA probe. Our findings suggest that the X-CGD ...
Børresen A L - - 1988
Family studies including the proband are usually needed before a prenatal diagnosis may be performed for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. We report here on prenatal diagnosis in a family where the solitary index case was dead, and where the consultand and her mother were assumed to be carriers by independent evidence. ...
Davies K E - - 1988
We have analysed over 300 patients suffering from Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD or BMD). Deletions have been characterised which encompass either the pERT87 (DXS164) locus only, the XJ1.1 (DXS206) and HIP25 loci only, or all three loci. These loci have been shown to lie within the DMD region ...
van Ommen G J - - 1987
By cloning the endpoints of a DMD-associated deletion, we have "jumped" 1100 kb from pERT87-1 (DSX164) to a new locus designated J66 (DXS268), mapping distally within the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. Both J66 and JBir are mapped by field-inversion gel electrophoresis and detect abnormal SfiI fragments in DMD patients ...
Chamberlain J S - - 1987
The murine locus corresponding to the human Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene has been regionally mapped on the mouse X chromosome by hybridizing DNA from interspecies mouse crosses with a cDNA clone for the mouse Dmd gene. The results demonstrate that the relative organization of genes on the murine and ...
Oswald A H AH Department of Human Genetics, University of Cape Town, - - 1987
Significant cardiac conduction defects were a prominent feature of a kindred suffering from Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy and 3 affected males were treated by insertion of permanent cardiac pacemakers. Because of the rarity of this disorder and for the sake of further phenotype delineation, results of clinical, genetic and biochemical investigations ...
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