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Neelamkavil Sandhya Vincent - - 2014
Abstract The role of water in our daily lives cannot be highlighted enough, and ensuring the availability of pure water is an urgent need. Bleaching powder (calcium hypochlorite) and Strychnos potatorum Linn. seeds are commonly used in water purification. As a disinfectant and anticoagulant, respectively, yet their safety levels have ...
Ansari Pour Naser N The Centre for Genetic Anthropology, Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
The expansion of the Bantu-speaking people (EBSP) during the past 3000-5000 years is an event of great importance in the history of humanity. Anthropology, archaeology, linguistics and, in recent decades, genetics have been used to elucidate some of the events and processes involved. Although it is generally accepted that the ...
Righolt Christiaan - - 2012
Chromothripsis (chromosome shattering) has been described as complex rearrangements affecting single chromosome(s) in one catastrophic event. The chromosomes would be "shattered" and "stitched together" during this event. This phenomenon is proposed to constitute the basis for complex chromosomal rearrangements seen in 2-3% of all cancers and in ∼ 25% of ...
Warmuth Vera - - 2012
Despite decades of research across multiple disciplines, the early history of horse domestication remains poorly understood. On the basis of current evidence from archaeology, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-chromosomal sequencing, a number of different domestication scenarios have been proposed, ranging from the spread of domestic horses out of a restricted primary ...
Bakhoum Samuel F - - 2012
Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a hallmark of human neoplasms. Despite its widespread prevalence, knowledge of the mechanisms and contributions of CIN in cancer has been elusive. It is now evident that the role of CIN in tumor initiation and growth is more complex than previously thought. Furthermore, distinguishing CIN, which ...
Skehan Evelyn B - - 2012
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common, sleep-related movement disorder. The symptoms follow a circadian pattern, worsening in the evening or night, leading to sleep disruption and daytime somnolence. Familial forms of RLS have been described and usually display an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. To date, linkage analysis has ...
Treff Nathan R - - 2012
Preimplantation aneuploidy screening of cleavage stage embryos using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) may no longer be considered the standard of care in reproductive medicine. Over the last few years, there has been considerable development of novel technologies for comprehensive chromosome screening (CCS) of the human genome. Among the notable ...
Engelsma K A - - 2012
Genetic diversity is often evaluated using pedigree information. Currently, diversity can be evaluated in more detail over the genome based on large numbers of SNP markers. Pedigree- and SNP-based diversity were compared for two small related groups of Holstein animals genotyped with the 50 k SNP chip, genome-wide, per chromosome and ...
Gil Ziv - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study reviewed the value of cytogenetic information for the diagnosis and assessment of prognosis in patients with skull base tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: Chromosomal aberrations can be tumor-specific or nonspecific, and may often show complex karyotypes with numerous chromosomal deletions and gains. These changes may derive from ...
Storey Elsdon - - 2012
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 20 (SCA20), first reported in 2004, is a slowly progressive dominantly inherited disorder so far reported in a single Anglo-Celtic family from Australia. It is characterized by dentate calcification from an early stage of the illness. Dysarthria without ataxia is the first symptom in the majority - ...
Fujii K - - 2011
Resynthesized Brassica napus cv. Hanakkori (AACC, 2n = 38) was produced by cross-hybridization between B. rapa (AA, 2n = 20) and B. oleracea (CC, 2n = 18) as a new vegetative crop. Many studies have provided evidences for the instability and close relationship between A and C genome in the resynthesized B. napus cultivars. In fact, ...
Damborg Peter - - 2011
PCR mapping of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVa and adjacent mobile elements in 94 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains identified two primary structures (A and B) that could be further classified into two (A1 and A2) and five (B1 to B5) variants, primarily based on structural differences in the ...
Xiao Bing - - 2011
In the previous studies, we indicated that a gene (or genes) responsible for exaggerated sympathetic response to stress was located in a chromosome 1 QTL for blood pressure (BP) in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP). In this study, we narrowed down the candidate region to a 1.8-Mbp fragment between D1Rat171 ...
Pandita A - - 2011
Amplification of oncogenes and closely linked flanking genes is common in some types of cancer and can be associated with complex chromosome rearrangements and/or co-amplification of non-syntenic chromosomal regions. To better understand the etiology and structural complexity of focal MYCN amplicons in human neuronal cancer, we investigated the precise chromosomal ...
Schunck Christian - - 2011
The HER2/neu gene (also known as ERBB2) is located on chromosome 17 (q11.2-q12) and encodes a glycoprotein known to be a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family. Clinically, the determination of its amplification status is of utmost importance, as 10-35% of invasive human breast carcinomas come along with ...
Leong Anthony S-Y - - 2011
In situ hybridization can be employed in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections (FFPT) and allows direct visualization of amplified genes and chromosomes in individual cell nuclei. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the most widely employed method, but the fluorescence preparations suffer from the main disadvantages of fading over time and ...
Adamovic Tatjana - - 2010
We here report the genetic basis for susceptibility and resistance to carcinogen-mediated [7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)] mammary tumorigenesis using the full panel of SS/BN consomic rat strains, in which substitutions of individual chromosomes from the resistant BN strain onto the genomic background of the susceptible SS strain were made. Analysis of 252 ...
Hassan G M - - 2010
Some physico-chemical properties of fat released from chicken during grilling process were evaluated and the results showed that refractive index and saponification values were not affected by grilling process. However, serious increases in oxidative deterioration parameters and color were noticed. The main objective of this study was to characterize the ...
Tordoff Michael G - - 2010
There has been extensive work to elucidate the behavioral and physiological mechanisms responsible for taste preferences of the rat but little attempt to delineate the underlying genetic architecture. Here, we exploit the FHH-Chr n(BN)/Mcwi consomic rat strain set to identify chromosomes carrying genes responsible for taste preferences. We screened the ...
Shyla Alena - - 2010
Pheochromocytomas are neoplasias of neural crest origin that arise from the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla. Pheochromocytomas arise with complete penetrance in rats homozygous for a germ-line frameshift mutation of Cdkn1b, encoding the cell cycle inhibitor p27KIP1 (MENX syndrome). We performed a genome-wide scan for allelic imbalance comparing 20 ...
Kim Kyoungmi K Rowe Program in - - 2010
We have previously shown that 90% of outbred obese Zucker Lepr(fa/fa) rats die prematurely of renal disease. Thus, renal disease in obese Zucker Lepr(fa/fa) rats may be caused by the LEPR mutation on chromosome 5, by the obesity, or it may be influenced by Zucker susceptibility alleles of genes on ...
Johnson Michelle D MD Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídenská 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech - - 2009
Hypertension in humans and experimental models has a strong hereditary basis, but identification of causative genes remains challenging. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for hypertension and salt sensitivity have been reported on rat chromosome 18. We set out to genetically isolate and prioritize genes within the salt-sensitivity and hypertension QTLs on ...
Mori Masayuki M Department of Aging Biology, Institute on Aging and Adaptation, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2009
The WBN/Kob rat strain is a hereditary animal model of chronic pancreatitis and diabetes mellitus. The major WBN/Kob loci for pancreatitis (Pdwk1 and Pdwk2) are located on chromosomes 7 and X, respectively. In this study, polymorphisms were sought for candidate genes in the Pdwk1 and Pdwk2 regions. Nucleotide polymorphisms were ...
Wiessner John H JH Kidney Disease Center, Medical College of Wisconsin and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53295, - - 2009
Whether genetics may play a role in the pathophysiologic response of kidney tubules to oxalate exposure remains unexplored despite that as many as 15% of the U.S. population annually will experience a kidney stone composed of calcium oxalate. To explore this issue, we utilized a panel of chromosome substitution strains ...
Camats N - - 2009
There is a controversy regarding the effects of the analogues of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in radiotherapy. This has led us to study the possible radio-protection of the ovarian function of a GnRH agonist analogue (GnRHa), triptorelin, in adult, female rats (Rattus norvegicus sp.). The effects of the X-irradiation on ...
Xing Jinyi - - 2009
As a transcription factor regulating circadian rhythm, brain and muscle Arnt-like protein-1 (BMAL1) plays an important role in lipid homeostasis. The Chinese indigenous and western pig breeds show marked difference in fat deposition, the structure and function of porcine BMAL1 (pBMAL1) between them might be different. In present study, the ...
Turner Monte E - - 2009
The Y chromosome of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) contains a genetic component that raises blood pressure compared with the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) Y chromosome. This research tests the Sry gene complex as the hypertensive component of the SHR Y chromosome. The Sry loci were sequenced in 1 strain with a ...
B??ckdahl L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To define genomic regions that link to rat arthritis and to determine the potential association with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of the corresponding human genomic regions. METHODS: Advanced intercross lines (AIL) between arthritis susceptible DA rats and arthritis resistant PVG.1AV1 rats were injected with differently arthritogenic oils to achieve an ...
Dudley Jocelyn I - - 2008
It is generally believed that the French paradox is related to the consumption of red wine and not other varieties of wine, including white wine or champagne. Some recent studies have indicated that white wine could also be as cardioprotective as red wine. The present investigation compares the cardioprotective abilities ...
Almeida Mara Ribeiro - - 2008
Amiodarone, a benzofuran derivative, is a very effective antiarrhythmic medication, but has potential to cause side effects. Although its cytotoxicity potential is very well-known, there are few reports about its genotoxicity effects. Since amiodarone has not been investigated in genotoxicity studies, and the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is a well-characterized ...
Hamada Takashi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Tissue hypoxia is closely associated with arthritis pathogenesis, and extracellular high mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB-1) released from injured cells also has a role in arthritis development. This study was thus undertaken to investigate the hypothesis that extracellular HMGB-1 may be a coupling factor between hypoxia and ...
Ijpelaar Daphne H T - - 2008
Genetic factors influence renal disease progression, and several loci have been linked to the spontaneous development of proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis in animal models. However, the role of genetic susceptibility in glomerulonephritis-induced progressive glomerulosclerosis is unknown. In a rat model of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis (antiThy1GN), Lewis/Maastricht (Lew/Maa) rats exhibit ...
Adamovic Tatjana - - 2008
The inbred BDII rat is a valuable experimental model for the genetic analysis of hormone-dependent endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC). One common aberration detected previously by comparative genomic hybridization in rat EAC is loss affecting mostly the middle part of rat chromosome 5 (RNO5). First, we applied an RNO5-specific painting probe and ...
Kota Lalitha - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic basis of congenital hydronephrosis (HN), a poorly defined pathological entity, with a rat model. The Brown Norway (BN) strain spontaneously presents a high incidence of apparently asymptomatic HN, whereas the LOU strain does not. A backcross was established between these ...
Chon Ki H - - 2008
The extent to which renal blood flow dynamics vary in time and whether such variation contributes substantively to dynamic complexity have emerged as important questions. Data from Sprague-Dawley rats (SDR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were analyzed by time-varying transfer functions (TVTF) and time-varying coherence functions (TVCF). Both TVTF and ...
Badelt Steven W - - 2008
We have implemented an inexpensive circuit that indicates when a subject is in close proximity to a specified area of arbitrary shape and size. The circuit can transform an easily created metal surface or a preexisting metal object into an experimental sensor. The subject need not make physical contact with ...
Yue Tang - - 2008
The aim of this work was to prepare recombinant human interleukin-2 (rhIL-2) inhalation powders, and the important parameters such as particle size, the remaining ratio of rhIL-2 were also studied. To elucidate the target effect of rhIL-2 inhalation powders, an in situ pharmacokinetic two-compartment model was used to explain their ...
Liang Mingyu - - 2008
The Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rat is a widely used model of human salt-sensitive hypertension and renal injury. We studied the molecular networks that underlie the complex disease phenotypes in the SS model, using a design that involved two consomic rat strains that were protected from salt-induced hypertension and one that ...
Onishi Hiraku - - 2008
A targeted delivery system for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Eudragit L100 (EuL)-coated chitosan (Ch)-succinyl-prednisolone (SP) conjugate microspheres (Ch-SP-MS/EuL), were designed and examined in vivo for efficacy and toxicity. Their preparation was conducted in the same manner as previously; that is, by synthesis of the conjugate by carbodiimide coupling of Ch ...
Shin Joo-Hyun - - 2008
AlphaB-crystallin, known as a vertebrate lens protein, is a member of the small heat shock proteins (sHSP). AlphaB-crystallin is abundantly expressed in the vertebrate lens and striated muscles and it is also expressed constitutively in other tissues including the central nervous system (CNS). In our previous report, we showed alphaB-crystallin ...
Kulikov A V - - 2008
Catalepsy or pronounced freezing is a natural passive defense strategy in animals and a syndrome of some mental disorders in human. Hereditary catalepsy was shown to be associated with depressive-like features in rats and mice. The loci underlying the difference in predisposition to catalepsy between catalepsy-prone CBA/lacJ and catalepsy-resistant AKR/J ...
Farkas, Joel A.
Hypertension is a growing problem in the United States, exerting a great toll on the national health and economy. The Rattus norvegicus Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) strain has been the preferred physiological model for the study of essential hypertension for decades. Both humans and rats show a pattern of Y ...
Deuve J L - - 2008
The subterranean African mole-rats (Family Bathyergidae) show considerable variation in their diploid numbers, but there is limited understanding of the events that shaped the extant karyotypes. Here we investigate chromosomal evolution in specimens representative of six genera and an outgroup species, the cane rat Thryonomys swinderianus, using flow-sorted painting probes ...
Nordlander Carola - - 2008
Human genetic heterogeneity and differences in the environment and life style make analysis of complex diseases such as cancer difficult. By using inbred animal strains, the genetic variability can be minimized and the environmental factors can be reasonably controlled. Endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC) is the most common gynecologic malignancy, ranking fourth ...
Onteru S K - - 2008
Osteoporosis is a multigenic complex disorder. Though the mouse and rat are used as experimental models for human osteoporosis, the pig bone remodeling cycle is histologically more similar to human than the rat or mouse. Moreover, livestock genomics have many advantages over model organisms and human studies for complex trait ...
Jakubowska Joanna - - 2007
VisGenome visualizes single and comparative representations for the rat, the mouse and the human chromosomes at different levels of detail. The tool offers smooth zooming and panning which is more flexible than seen in other browsers. It presents information available in Ensembl for single chromosomes, as well as homologies (orthologue ...
Mattson David L - - 2007
This study examined the genetic basis for hypertension and renal disease phenotypes in Fawn Hooded hypertensive (FHH) rats using chromosome substitution strains (consomic rats) in which each of the 20 autosomes as well as the X and Y chromosomes were transferred from the normal Brown Norway (BN) rat onto the ...
Emond Patrick - - 2007
The premise that, over the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD), changes in the levels of the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) occur in parallel with changes to other cholinergic marker proteins provides the basis for the applicability of benzovesamicol derivatives as radioligands for AD studies by single photon emission computed tomography ...
Yang Feng-Yi - - 2008
It has been shown that focused ultrasound (FUS) can disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) noninvasively and reversibly at target locations when applied in the presence of ultrasound contrast agent (UCA). In this study, the dose-dependent effects of UCA on BBB disruption were investigated in the brains of 16 male Wistar ...
Herrera Victoria L M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We documented susceptibility in Dahl S rats to coronary atherosclerosis upon the transgenic expression of human cholesteryl ester transfer protein (hCETP) producing severe combined hyperlipidemia, as detected in Tg[hCETP]53 (Tg53) Dahl S rats. In other genetic backgrounds (i.e. Dahl R, spontaneously hypertensive rat strains) transgene expression does not lead ...
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