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Splinter Erik - - 2012
Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C) and 3C-based technologies are constantly evolving in order to probe nuclear organization with higher depth and resolution. One such method is 4C-technology that allows the investigation of the nuclear environment of a locus of choice. The use of Illumina next generation sequencing as a detection platform ...
Lee K T - - 2011
This study was carried out to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with fatness traits on pig chromosome 6. In total, 11,067 putative genomic variations were detected in 125 complete bacterial artificial chromosome sequences corresponding to the region between SW2098 and SW1881, which harbors multiple quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting ...
Yang B - - 2011
Models in QTL mapping can be improved by considering all potential variables, i.e. we can use remaining traits other than the trait under study as potential predictors. QTL mapping is often conducted by correcting for a few fixed effects or covariates (e.g. sex, age), although many traits with potential causal ...
Rosendo A - - 2011
A quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of female reproductive data from a three generation experimental cross between Meishan (MS) and Large White (LW) pig breeds is presented. Six F1 boars and 23 F1 sows, progeny of six LW boars and six MS sows, produced 502 F2 gilts whose reproductive tract ...
Sørensen K K - - 2011
Ventro-cranial chronic pleuritis can be a result of pleuropneumonia and enzootic pneumonia. These diseases cause severe losses in intensive pig production worldwide, but host resistance is difficult to breed for. It could be beneficial to use marker-assisted selection, and a step towards this is to identify genomic regions associated with ...
Tomás A - - 2011
A considerable number of fatness QTL have been identified in growing pigs, but there is a lack of knowledge about the genetic architecture of this trait in gilts and sows. We have performed a genome scan, in 255 Iberian × Meishan F(2) sows, for backfat thickness (BF) at 150 (BF(150) ) and ...
Huang W H - - 2011
Many QTLs for fatness traits have been mapped on pig chromosome 7q1.1-1.4 in various pig resource populations. Eight novel markers, including seven SNPs and one insertion or deletion within BTNL1, COL21A1, PPARD, GLP1R, MDFI, GNMT, ABCC10, and PLA2G7 genes, as well as two previously reported SNPs in SLC39A7 and HMGA1 ...
Tortereau Flavie - - 2011
Many QTL have been detected in pigs, but very few of them have been fine-mapped up to the causal mutation. On SSC2, the IGF2-intron3-G3072A mutation has been described as the causative polymorphism for a QTL underlying muscle mass and backfat deposition, but further studies have demonstrated that at least one ...
Grindflek Eli - - 2011
Boar taint is observed in a high proportion of uncastrated male pigs and is characterized by an unpleasant odor/flavor in cooked meat, primarily caused by elevated levels of androstenone and skatole. Androstenone is a steroid produced in the testis in parallel with biosynthesis of other sex steroids like testosterone and ...
Uddin Muhammad Jasim - - 2011
Serum lipids are associated with many serious cardiovascular diseases and obesity problems. Many quantitative trait loci (QTL) have been reported in the pig mostly for performance traits but very few for the serum lipid traits. In contrast, remarkable numbers of QTL are mapped for serum lipids in humans and mice. ...
Khaled Iman A - - 2011
This study has been made to determine the potential genotoxicity of Schistosoma mansoni on lymphocytes of infected patients using different mutagenic end points. The protective role of antioxidants pro vitamin β-carotene and vitamin E in minimizing these genotoxic effect was also studied. The study focused on the effect of schistosomiasis ...
García-Vázquez Fa - - 2011
In this study, the karyotypes of 14 piglets from four different litters produced by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer were analysed. The chromosome analysis was based on a classical cytogenetic examination following the standard protocols of lymphocyte cultures. Two cases of reciprocal translocation [(4; 7)(p+; q-) and (2; ...
Di Meo G P - - 2011
In this study, we compared cross-bred dairy cows in the Susa Valley (Piedmont, northern Italy), reared either near a high-temperature steel production plant (Farms A and B) or in an industry-free area (control). Exposed cows (n = 36) were selected based on mean bulk milk toxic equivalent values of polychlorodibenzodioxins ...
Abrahim Khadiga S - - 2011
Many studies proved the genotoxic effect of cadmium (Cd) exposure and highlighted the importance of the cytogenetic studies as a sensitive and effective means for early detection of Cd-induced mutagenicity. The relationship between occupational exposure to Cd and increased risk of cancer, particularly lung cancer, has been explored in number ...
Rodríguez-Trigo Gema - - 2010
In 2002, the oil tanker Prestige spilled more than 67,000 tons of bunker oil, heavily contaminating the coast of northwestern Spain. To assess respiratory effects and chromosomal damage in clean-up workers of the oil spill 2 years after the exposure. Cross-sectional study. Fishermen cooperatives in coastal villages. Local fishermen who ...
Celik Mustafa - - 2010
Beauvericin, a naturally occurring contaminants of food and feeds, has been implicated in several mycotoxicoses; however, there is little information on its genotoxicity. Therefore, the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of beauvericin in in vitro cultures of human lymphocytes were investigated with chromosome aberrations (CAs), sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs), micronuclei (MN) as ...
Tan Hongshan - - 2010
1,3-butadiene (BD) has been classified as a human carcinogen, however, the relationship between chromosomal damage and its metabolic polymorphisms is not clear. The present study used the CBMN assay to detect chromosomal damage in the peripheral lymphocytes of 166 exposed workers and 41 non-exposed healthy individuals. PCR and PCR-RFLP were ...
Saurabh Kumar - - 2011
Environmental pollution is a complex issue because of the diversity of anthropogenic agents, both chemical and physical, that have been detected and catalogued. The consequences to biota from exposure to genotoxic agents present an additional problem because of the potential for these agents to produce adverse change at the cellular ...
Souto Giovanna Ribeiro - - 2010
The most important risk factor linked to the development of oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is tobacco use. Tobacco contains carcinogens that influence the DNA repair, cell cycle control and may produce chromosomal aberrations. The loss or acquisition of one or more chromosomes is defined as ...
Obe Guenter - - 2010
DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) are known to cause chromosomal aberrations (CA). The ends of DSB have different molecular structures depending on the inducing agent. Restriction endonucleases, DNase I and benzon nuclease produce DSB with 3'-OH and 5'-phosphate ends which should be easily rejoinable ("clean" DSB). Other DSB-inducing agents, such as ...
Flor Susanne S Dept of Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Iowa, College of Public Health, 100 Oakdale Campus IREH, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, United - - 2010
Recently semivolatile lower chlorinated biphenyls have been identified in inner city air, in public buildings like schools, and at many other sites. Inhalation exposure to these compounds, which are readily metabolized to mono- and dihydroxy-biphenyls and further to quinones, is of great concern in light of new studies revealing that ...
Wang Qi - - 2010
The base excision repair (BER) pathway is important in repairing DNA damage incurred from occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene (BD). This study examines the relationship between inherited polymorphisms of the BER pathway (x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg194Trp, Arg280His, Arg399Gln, T-77C, ADPRT Val762Ala, MGMT Leu84Phe and APE1 Asp148Glu) and chromosomal ...
Karahalil Bensu - - 2011
The presenting study was investigated the associations between individual susceptibility and cigarette smoke on maternal chromosomal damage and neonatal birth growth in smoking mothers since little known about genetic susceptibility to cigarette smoke in relation to adverse pregnancy outcome such as birth growth. Sixty-one pregnant women who completed a questionnaire ...
Dastgiri Saeed - - 2010
Chronic exposure to arsenic compounds is one of the major public-health problems in many developing and some developed countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic exposure to arsenic on dermatological lesions, hypertension, and chromosomal abnormalities among people in a community in the northwest of ...
Ji Fang - - 2010
Vinyl chloride (VC) was classified as a group 1 carcinogen by IARC in 1987. Although the relationship between VC exposure and liver cancer has been established, the mechanism of VC-related carcinogenesis remains largely unknown. Previous epidemiological studies have shown that VC exposure is associated with increased genotoxicity in humans. To ...
Meschini R - - 2010
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) such as dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) are wide-spread environmental pollutants most probably mutagenic and carcinogenic to humans. Detailed data on the cytogenetic effects of anti-11,12-dihydroxy-13,14-epoxy-11,12,13,14-tetrahydrodibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBPDE) in mammalian cells are not available in the literature. The aim of this study is to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the ...
Araújo A E O - - 2010
We looked for genotoxic effects in laboratory personnel routinely exposed to petroleum derivate compounds in an indoor environment. The exposed group of 21 workers from the Fuel Quality Control Laboratory of the Brazilian Petroleum Agency was matched with a group of 10 people from the staff of the Brazilian Ministry ...
Alsuhaibani Entissar S - - 2010
Aspartame (a-Laspartyl-L-phenylalanine 1-methylester) is a dipeptide low-calorie artificial sweetener that is widely used as a nonnutritive sweetener in foods and drinks. The safety of aspartame and its metabolic breakdown products (phenylalanine, aspartic acid and methanol) was investigated in vivo using chromosomal aberration (CA) test and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test ...
Sree Devi V - - 2009
Automobile exhaust consists of many toxic components and is considered to be a major health concern in urban areas. Traffic policemen are occupationally exposed to vehicular exhaust during the traffic control. Hence, the present study was aimed to evaluate genotoxic effects of vehicular exhaust in traffic policemen in Hyderabad, south ...
Hall Heather E - - 2009
Much of the Y chromosome consists of large palindromic arrays harboring genes that are critical for spermatogenesis. In this issue, Lange et al. (2009) show that although gene conversion within these arrays maintains their integrity, it also permits rare unequal sister chromatid-exchange events within palindromes that create unstable dicentric chromosomes, ...
Ambulkar P S - - 2009
Ciprofloxacin is a bactericidal drug which is being used widely throughout the world for the treatment of various bacterial infection. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of Ciprofloxacin on human lymphocytes in vitro had been assessed taking various parameters like mitotic index (MI), chromosome aberration (CA), anaphase anomalies, replicative index (RI) and sister ...
Yılmaz Serkan - - 2009
The chromosomal aberration (CA), sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronucleus test (MN) were employed to investigate the in vitro effect of antimicrobial food additive benzoic acid on human chromosomes. Lymphocytes were incubated with various concentrations (50, 100, 200 and 500 mug/mL) of benzoic acid. The results of used assays showed ...
Albarella S - - 2009
For several years, a genetic disease called transversal hemimelia (TH), also known as congenital amputation, has been spreading in Mediterranean Italian buffalo. TH is characterized by the lack of limb distal structures, normally developing proximally to the malformed limb and being amputated at different points distally. A sample of 13 ...
Yadav Kamlesh K - - 2009
The studies were designed to assess the extent of chromosomal aberrations (CA) under the exposure of three common heavy metalic compounds, viz. mercuric chloride, arsenic trioxide and copper sulphate pentahydrate, in vivo using fish, Channa punctata (2n=32), as a test model. Prior acclimatized fishes were divided into five groups. Group ...
Wang Yadong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between UGT1A7 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to chromosomal damage among polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)-exposed workers. METHODS: Blood and urine samples of 140 PAH-exposed workers and 66 non-PAH-exposed workers were collected. The polymorphisms of UGT1A7, cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) and 1-hydroxypyrene ...
Holecková Beáta - - 2009
Bendiocarb is a carbamate broad-spectrum insecticide used to control disease vectors such as mosquitoes and flies, as well as household and agricultural pests. Nowadays, only few papers reporting cytogenetic or possible genotoxic effect of this insecticide on mammalian cells are available. In the present study 24-hour exposure to bendiocarbamate at ...
Milacic Snezana - - 2009
This study investigated health risks in workers residing and working in terrains contaminated by low ionizing radiation doses which originated from ammunition containing depleted uranium (DU). The studied population was composed of two test groups (T-I, T-II) who were occasionally exposed to DU, and two referent (R-I, R-II) groups not ...
Blaszkowska Joanna - - 2009
The trypsin inhibitor (ATI) isolated from gastrointestinal nematode Ascaris suum was tested in vitro for induction of chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges (SCE). Genotoxicity assessment of purified ATI was carried out on metaphase plates received from peripheral blood lymphocyte macroculture (48 h test of structural chromosome aberrations and 72 ...
Ana Carballo Marta - - 2009
Nitroimidazole derivatives exhibited genotoxic effect in different experimental conditions. This study focuses on an evaluation of possible genomic targets, at a chromosomal level, of two 5-nitroimidazoles (ornidazole and metronidazole) using the in vitro human peripheral blood culture as experimental system. We observed that both derivatives showed a decrease in mitotic ...
Pongsavee Malinee - - 2009
Borax is used as a food additive. It becomes toxic when accumulated in the body. It causes vomiting, fatigue and renal failure. The heparinized blood samples from 40 healthy men were studied for the impact of borax toxicity on immune cell proliferation (lymphocyte proliferation) and sister chromatid exchange in human ...
Rencüzoğullari Eyyüp - - 2009
Natamycin (pimaricin) (E235) is an antifungal that can be used as an antibiotic to treat most fungus infections. It has been globally used in a variety of foods and beverages. In the present study, the effects of natamycin on chromosome aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), and micronucleus (MN) formation ...
Buyukleyla Mehmet - - 2009
The genotoxic effects of thymol were investigated in human peripheral lymphocytes treated with 25, 50, 75, and 100 microg/ml concentrations of thymol for 24 and 48h treatment periods by using sister chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosome aberration (CA), and micronucleus (MN) tests. Nuclear division index (NDI), replication index (RI), and mitotic ...
Siddique Yasir Hasan - - 2008
Chlormadinone acetate (CMA) is a synthetic progesterone analogue. It has its usage in oral contraceptives formulations and also for estrous synchronization of animals. The aim of the present study is to study the anti- genotoxic activity of the plant infusion against the CMA induced genotoxic damage on cultured human lymphocytes, ...
Stevanovic Jevrosima - - 2008
Fumagillin, an antibiotic compound produced by Aspergillus fumigatus, is effective against microsporidia and various Amoeba species, but is also toxic when administered systemically to mammals. Furthermore, a recent in vivo study by Stanimirovic Z et al. 2007: (Mutat Res 628:1-10) indicated genotoxic effects of fumagillin. The aim of the present ...
Halasova Erika - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Welders, chronically exposed to hexavalent chromium, may exhibit disturbances in chromosomal integrity. Our study investigates chromosomal damage related to chromium exposure, considering the role of polymorphisms in relevant DNA repair genes. METHODS: 39 male welders exposed to chromium for 10.2+/-1.67 years and 31 male controls were assayed for structural ...
Hallare A V - - 2009
Some types of occupations involve high levels of exposure to potentially genotoxic gaseous and particulate substances from internal combustion engines used in motor vehicles. These occupational exposures may contribute to the development of many illnesses, usually through chromosomal change mechanisms that include strand breakage, deletions, sister chromatid exchange and non-disjunction. ...
Bin Ping - - 2008
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in coke oven emissions could cause lung cancer in human. Individual's genotype of the metabolic enzymes and early biological changes were known to be associated with the susceptibility of cancer development. Knowledge of metabolic gene polymorphisms, which affect on the urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), could benefit us ...
Morales-Ramírez P - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of alloxan, an inhibitor of N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase that acts during the G2/M transition, on the course of mitosis in murine bone marrow cells. Mitotic cells from animals treated with different doses of alloxan were analyzed for the frequency of prometaphasic ...
Skewes O - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare wild boar (chromosomal number 2n=36) to phenotypically similar animals of 2n=37 and 2n=38 chromosomes (crossbreeds) with respect to live weight, carcass yield, meat yield, fat and weight of inner organs. All animals were born and raised on the same farm and slaughtered ...
Hilali A - - 2008
This study investigated the possible genetic effects in blood lymphocytes of tannery workers from Morocco being professionally exposed to multiple chemical agents. It was shown that the frequencies of cells with chromosome aberrations and micronuclei were significantly increased in the lymphocytes of the workers compared with the frequencies found in ...
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