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Results 251 - 300 of 632
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Häkkinen L - - 2007
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare condition that can occur as an isolated disease or as part of a syndrome or chromosomal abnormality. In severe cases, the gingival enlargement may cover the crowns of teeth and cause severe functional and esthetic concerns. Histological and cell culture studies have uncovered ...
Chen X - - 2007
Chromosome 5q21-33 has been implicated in harboring risk genes for schizophrenia. In this paper, we report evidence that multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms in and around interleukin 3 (IL3) are associated with the disease in the Irish Study of High-Density Schizophrenia Families (ISHDSF), the Irish Case-Control Study of Schizophrenia (ICCSS) and ...
Sullivan Patrick F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alterations in neurocognition may be fundamental to schizophrenia and may be endophenotypes. Neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1, aliases NCAM and CD56) may be a candidate gene for schizophrenia or for neurocognition in schizophrenia as supported by linkage and functional findings. METHODS: Subjects were 641 patients with schizophrenia who ...
Yoshida Keizo - - 2007
Prediction of the response to different classes of antidepressants has been an important matter of concern in the field of psychopharmacology. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the G196A polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is associated with the antidepressant effect of milnacipran, a ...
Platt Simon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Congenital sensorineural deafness (CSD) occurs in Border Collies, but its prevalence and inheritance are unknown. This study estimated the prevalence of CSD in Border Collies and investigated its association with phenotypic attributes linked to the merle gene, including coat pigmentation and iris color. HYPOTHESIS: Deafness in Border Collies is ...
Hall Jeremy J Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh, EH10 5HF, UK. - - 2006
NRG1, encoding neuregulin 1, is a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, but no functional mutation causally related to the disorder has yet been identified. Here we investigate the effects of a variant in the human NRG1 promoter region in subjects at high risk of schizophrenia. We show that this variant is ...
Lindsey Delwin T - - 2006
We analyzed the World Color Survey (WCS) color-naming data set by using k-means cluster and concordance analyses. Cluster analysis relied on a similarity metric based on pairwise Pearson correlation of the complete chromatic color-naming patterns obtained from individual WCS informants. When K, the number of k-means clusters, varied from 2 ...
Ivo Roland - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: An analysis of 80 British parent-offspring trios by Wei and Hemmings in 2000 revealed thre1e out of five markers within the NOTCH4 locus to be strongly associated with schizophrenia. In our present study, we have examined NOTCH4 markers in large samples of German and Palestinian-Arab origin. METHODS: Our study ...
Hashimoto Ryota - - 2006
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), identified in a pedigree with a familial psychosis with the chromosome translocation (1:11), is a putative susceptibility gene for psychoses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Although there are a number of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) in the family members with the chromosome translocation, the ...
Walss-Bass Consuelo - - 2006
Linkage studies using multiplex families have repeatedly implicated chromosome 8 as involved in schizophrenia etiology. The reported areas of linkage, however, span a wide chromosomal region. The present study used the founder population of the Central Valley of Costa Rica and phenotyping strategies alternative to DSM-IV classifications in attempts to ...
Gurling Hugh M D - - 2006
There is evidence of linkage to a schizophrenia susceptibility locus on chromosome 8p21-22 found by several family linkage studies. To fine map and identify a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia on chromosome 8p22 and to investigate the effect of this genetic susceptibility on an endophenotype of abnormal brain structure using magnetic ...
Severinsen J E - - 2006
Linkage analyses suggest that chromosome 22q12-13 may harbor a shared susceptibility locus for bipolar affective disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia (SZ). In a study of a sample from the Faeroe Islands we have previously reported association between both disorders and microsatellite markers in a 3.6 cM segment on 22q13. The present ...
Pickard B S BS Medical Genetics Section, School of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Molecular Medicine Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2006
In the search for the biological causes of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, glutamate neurotransmission has emerged as one of a number of candidate processes and pathways where underlying gene deficits may be present. The analysis of chromosomal rearrangements in individuals diagnosed with neuropsychiatric disorders is an established route to candidate ...
Radin Dean - - 2006
H. Bösch, F. Steinkamp, and E. Boller's review of the evidence for psychokinesis confirms many of the authors' earlier findings. The authors agree with Bösch et al. that existing studies provide statistical evidence for psychokinesis, that the evidence is generally of high methodological quality, and that effect sizes are distributed ...
Demirhan O - - 2006
Schizophrenia is a common and complex mental disorder. Cytogenetic and molecular studies have shown that genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of schizophrenia. As a preliminary step in the search for chromosomal location of a susceptible gene predisposing to schizophrenia, cytogenetic screening patients might be useful. Therefore, ...
Aoyama N - - 2006
Several lines of evidence suggest that metabolic changes in the kynurenic acid (KYNA) pathway are related to the etiology of schizophrenia. The inhibitor of kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is known to increase KYNA levels, and the KMO gene is located in the chromosome region associated with schizophrenia, 1q42-q44. Single-marker and haplotype ...
Zaka Raihana - - 2006
The prevalence of gout appears to be rapidly increasing worldwide and is no longer a disorder suffered primarily by over-fed alcohol consumers. Emerging risk factors include longevity, metabolic syndrome, and new classes of pharmacologic agents. In some ethnic populations, no obvious risk factors can explain the high incidence of hyperuricemia ...
Santoso Sentot - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Single-amino-acid substitution Leu33Pro in the beta3-integrin is responsible for the formation of the human platelet antigen (HPA)-1. Alloimmunization against HPA-1a (beta3-Leu33) is the most frequent cause of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia and posttransfusion purpura. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: While HPA-1 genotyping a large cohort of patients with thromboembolic disease with ...
Underwood S L SL Medical Genetics Section, Molecular Medicine Centre, Western General Hospital, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2006
The orphan G protein-coupled receptor 78 (GPR78) gene lies within a region of chromosome 4p where we have previously shown linkage to bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in a large Scottish family. GPR78 was screened for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a linkage disequilibrium map was constructed. Six tagging SNPs were selected ...
Fu Yan - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the possible association of the CYP2D6 gene C100T polymorphism and the CYP1A2 gene C163A polymorphism with tardive dyskinesia (TD) in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The recruited schizophrenic patients were assessed with the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), and divided into groups with TD (n=91) and without ...
Tsai Shih-Jen - - 2006
Glycine acts as an obligatory co-agonist with glutamate on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Brain glycine availability is determined by glycine transporters (GlyT1 or SLC6A9), which mediate glycine reuptake into nerve terminals. Since hypofunction of NMDA receptors has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, this study tests the hypothesis that GlyT1 ...
Zheng Yonglan - - 2006
We performed a two-stage linkage scan involving 25 Chinese schizophrenia families, focusing on 10 target chromosomes which have already been the subject of considerable research. We initially genotyped 237 individuals with 186 markers, five candidate regions were then chosen for fine mapping and 49 additional markers were genotyped. In region ...
Burke R E - - 2006
A recent study using a 'partial' rodent model of schizophrenia has employed amygdalar activation to induce reported changes in the expression of hippocampal genes associated with metabolic and signaling pathways in response to amygdalar activation. The amygdalo-hippocampal pathway plays a central role in the regulation of the stress response and ...
Korostishevsky M - - 2006
Association of the G72/G30 locus with schizophrenia was recently reported in French Canadian, Russian, and Ashkenazi populations using case-control studies. In the present study we hypothesize the existence of a G72/G30 risk allele over-transmitted to affected sibs in Palestinian Arab families. A total of 223 Palestinian Arab families that included ...
Durand Christelle M - - 2006
Synaptogenesis, the formation of functional synapses, is a crucial step for the development of the central nervous system. Among the genes involved in this process are cell adhesion molecules, such as protocadherins and neuroligins, which are essential factors for the identification of the appropriate partner cell and the formation of ...
Drago Valeria - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied a visual artist with Lewy body dementia (LBD) to learn how this disease influenced his paintings during the course of the disease. METHODS: Study 1 evaluated two paintings of the same subject matter, one that the patient painted before his illness and the other after the onset ...
Wasserman Danuta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in suicidal behavior. Association between suicidal completers and a regulatory C(-1019)G polymorphism (rs6295) in the serotonin 1A receptor (HTR1A) gene was previously reported, whereas a following study showed no association in a sample of suicide attempters. METHODS: The involvement of the implicated G-allele of ...
Shaltiel Galit - - 2006
Linkage studies in bipolar disorder were positive for markers in the region of chromosome 22q12.1 including the gene coding for G-protein receptor kinase (GRK)3. Two of six variants of the GRK3 5'-UTR/promoter were reported to be associated with bipolar disorder. GRK3 protein levels in lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from bipolar ...
Kamiya Atsushi - - 2005
Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1), originally identified at the breakpoint of a chromosomal translocation that is linked to a rare familial schizophrenia, has been genetically implicated in schizophrenia in other populations. Schizophrenia involves subtle cytoarchitectural abnormalities that arise during neurodevelopment, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that DISC1 is ...
Millar J Kirsty JK Medical Genetics Section, Molecular Medicine Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK. - - 2005
The disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is a candidate susceptibility factor for schizophrenia, but its mechanistic role in the disorder is unknown. Here we report that the gene encoding phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) is disrupted by a balanced translocation in a subject diagnosed with schizophrenia and a relative with chronic ...
Brennan Mark D - - 2005
Previous studies suggest a role for chromosome 22q13 in schizophrenia. This segment of chromosome 22 contains the sulfotransferase-4A1 (Sult4A1) gene, which encodes an enzyme thought to be involved in neurotransmitter metabolism in the central nervous system. To evaluate this candidate, we developed a microsatellite marker targeting a polymorphism in its ...
Walss-Bass Consuelo - - 2005
The long-standing concept that schizophrenia (SC) and bipolar disorder (BP) represent two distinct illnesses has been recently challenged by findings of overlap of genetic susceptibility loci for these two diseases. We report here the results of a linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis of chromosome 18 utilizing subjects with SC from the ...
Arai Makoto - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sialyltransferase 8B (SIAT8B) and 8D (SIAT8D) are two polysialyltransferases that catalyze the transfer of polysialic acid (PSA) to the neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1). PSA modification of NCAM1 plays an important role in neurodevelopment of the brain and disruption of this process is postulated as an etiologic factor ...
Abazov V M - - 2005
We present the results of a search for the effects of large extra spatial dimensions in pp collisions at sqrt[s] = 1.96 TeV in events containing a pair of energetic muons. The data correspond to 246 pb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. ...
Arinami Tadao - - 2005
The Japanese Schizophrenia Sib-Pair Linkage Group (JSSLG) is a multisite collaborative study group that was organized to create a national resource for affected sib pair (ASP) studies of schizophrenia in Japan. We used a high-density single-nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assay, the Illumina BeadArray linkage mapping panel (version 4) comprising 5,861 SNPs, ...
Hannula-Jouppi Katariina - - 2005
Dyslexia, or specific reading disability, is the most common learning disorder with a complex, partially genetic basis, but its biochemical mechanisms remain poorly understood. A locus on Chromosome 3, DYX5, has been linked to dyslexia in one large family and speech-sound disorder in a subset of small families. We found ...
Kim Young Shin - - 2005
Although the etiology of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not well understood, evidence from the family and twin studies suggest that ADHD is familial and highly heritable. The aim of the study was to test whether dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) and dopamine receptor D4 gene (DRD4) polymorphisms are in linkage ...
Heck Amy L - - 2005
Idiopathic talipes equinovarus (ITEV), more commonly known as clubfoot, is a developmental deformity characterized by rigid ankle equinus, hindfoot varus, and forefoot adduction. This common birth defect is treatable, but the etiology of ITEV is largely unknown. Recently, a deletion in the chromosomal region 2q31-33 was found to be associated ...
Meyer Jobst - - 2005
Recessive mutations of the potassium chloride co-transporter 3 gene ( SLC12A6 , KCC3 ) cause severe peripheral neuropathy frequently associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum and psychoses (ACCPN). SLC12A6 is localized on chromosome 15q14, a region where linkage to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder has previously been shown. Mutation analysis ...
Kato Daiji - - 2005
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a potentially fatal adverse reaction to psychopharmacologic treatment. Reported herein are two NMS patients with schizophrenia who were found to possess a CYP2D6 gene deletion allele (CYP2D6*5). The deletion results in decreased CYP2D6 activity, possibly leading to drug accumulation. Both patients with NMS had been ...
Wei Jun - - 2005
The present study investigated the possible association of the KPNA3 locus in the 13q14 region with schizophrenia. We detected 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on 13q14, one (rs6313) present at the HTR2A locus and the other 6 at the KPNA3 locus, among 124 British family trios consisting of mother, father ...
Zhang Xuan - - 2005
Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1), identified by cytogenetic approaches in a pedigree with familial psychosis, is considered a candidate susceptibility gene for schizophrenia in some populations. In the pedigree, the TRAX gene, located adjacent to DISC1 on the disrupted chromosome 1, may also contribute to the pathophysiology of the familial schizophrenia. We studied ...
Pickard Ben S - - 2005
A mother and daughter diagnosed with schizophrenia and schizophrenia co-morbid with mild learning disability, respectively, possess a balanced reciprocal translocation t(9,14)(q34.2;q13). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with YAC, BAC, and cosmid probes indicate that the chromosome 14q13 breakpoint disrupts a large gene, NPAS3, encoding a CNS expressed transcription factor of ...
Verma Ranjana - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 22q13 has shown linkage with schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). A missense mutation in MLC1 (putative cation-channel gene on 22q13) co-segregating with periodic catatonic schizophrenia has been reported. We have investigated the relationship of MLC1 with SCZ and BPAD in Southern India. METHODS: All exons and ...
Callicott Joseph H - - 2005
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a promising schizophrenia candidate gene expressed predominantly within the hippocampus. We typed 12 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that covered the DISC1 gene. A three-SNP haplotype [hCV219779 (C)-rs821597 (G)-rs821616 (A)] spanning 83 kb of the gene was associated with schizophrenia in a family-based sample (P = 0.002). A ...
Schonfeld G - - 2005
Familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL), an autosomal dominant disorder, is defined as <5th percentile LDL-cholesterol or apolipoprotein (apo) B in the plasma. FHBL subjects are generally heterozygous and asymptomatic. Three genetic forms exist: (i) premature stop codon specifying mutations of APOB; (ii) FHBL linked to a susceptibility locus on the chromosome 3p21; ...
Olajossy Marcin - - 2005
We report on a 25-year-old male with bipolar disorder, dysmorphic features and a deletion of the long arm of Y chromosome. A potential association between sex chromosome abnormalities and a susceptibility to major psychiatric disorders has been documented. However there have been very few reports on the coincidence of Y ...
DeLisi Lynn E - - 2005
Males with an extra-X chromosome (Klinefelter's syndrome) frequently, although not always, have an increased prevalence of psychiatric disturbances that range from attention deficit disorder in childhood to schizophrenia or severe affective disorders during adulthood. In addition, they frequently have characteristic verbal deficits. Thus, examining brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans ...
Zai Gwyneth - - 2005
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder with a genetic component. The major inhibitory GABA-(gamma-aminobutyric acid) ergic system may be involved. The GABA type B receptor 1 (GABBR1) gene has been localized to 6p21.3, a region linked to SCZ. We therefore investigated five polymorphisms (A-7265G, C10497G, Ser-491-Ser-T1473C, Phe-659-Phe-T1977C, and 3'-UTR ...
Liu Chih-Min - - 2005
Positive linkage of schizophrenia to chromosome 8p22-21 loci had been reported in the Caucasian samples. This study was designed to replicate this finding by using eleven microsatellite markers on chromosome 8p22-21 in 52 Taiwanese schizophrenic families with at least two affected siblings. Two phenotype models (narrow: DSM-IV schizophrenia only; and ...
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