Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 632
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van den Boom Robin - - 2008
An Internet-based questionnaire among horse owners was carried out to identify factors affecting the incidence of insect bite hypersensitivity (IBHI) among horses in the Netherlands. Information was obtained for 794 horses of various breeds, but the breed distribution was not representative for the Dutch horse population. Of the horses for ...
Opgen-Rhein Carolin C Division of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, New York 11004, United - - 2008
The genetic region coding for d-amino acid oxidase activator (DAOA) is considered an intriguing susceptibility locus for schizophrenia. However, association studies have often resulted in conflicting findings, and the risk-conferring variants and their biological impact remain elusive. Our aim in this study was to investigate the relationship between DAOA variation ...
Camilleri S - - 2008
The etiology of ectopic canines is controversial, with opinion divided as to a genetic or environmental mechanism. This study addressed the hypothesis that genetic factors play a role in the etiology of ectopic maxillary canines. Sixty-three probands were identified, and information on the dental status of 395 relatives was determined. ...
Velinov Milen - - 2008
Genetic factors are known to contribute to the development of schizophrenia and related psychoses. Cytogenetic abnormalities have been occasionally found in patients with psychotic disorders and, thus, have helped identify candidate gene contributors for these conditions. The individual described here first presented with mental retardation and anxiety disorder in his ...
Lachman Herbert M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The cell adhesion proteins protocadherins and cadherins, through their effects on guiding neurons during development, neuronal differentiation, and synaptogenesis, are feasible targets to consider in schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) pathogenesis. Thus, allelic variation occurring in protocadherin and cadherin encoding genes that map to regions of the genome ...
Stark Kimberly L KL Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10032, - - 2008
Individuals with 22q11.2 microdeletions show behavioral and cognitive deficits and are at high risk of developing schizophrenia. We analyzed an engineered mouse strain carrying a chromosomal deficiency spanning a segment syntenic to the human 22q11.2 locus. We uncovered a previously unknown alteration in the biogenesis of microRNAs (miRNAs) and identified ...
Magno Elena E The Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory, St. Vincent's Hospital, Dublin, - - 2008
Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a negative-going event-related potential (ERP) component that occurs in response to intermittent changes in constant auditory backgrounds. A consistent finding across a large number of studies has been impaired MMN generation in schizophrenia, which has been interpreted as evidence for fundamental deficits in automatic auditory sensory ...
Georgieva Lyudmila L Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United - - 2008
There is support that Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) plays a role in susceptibility to schizophrenia but limited evidence for its involvement in bipolar disorder. We wished to investigate further the involvement of NRG1 in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We used hierarchical association analysis in parent-offspring trios, 634 with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder (SZ/SA) ...
Gòmez-Bernal Germán - - 2008
I report a case of a patient who suffered schizophrenia and multiple exostoses and argue the possible role of EXT gene and nearly chromosomal loci in further genetic investigations related to schizophrenia.
Matera Ivana - - 2008
Haploinsufficiency for the transcription factor SOX10 is associated with the pigmentary deficiencies of Waardenburg syndrome (WS) and is modeled in Sox10 haploinsufficient mice (Sox10(LacZ/+)). As genetic background affects WS severity in both humans and mice, we established an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) mutagenesis screen to identify modifiers that increase the phenotypic severity ...
Muir Walter J - - 2008
Chromosomal abnormalities can be powerful tools to identify genes that influence disease risk. The study of a chromosome translocation that segregated with severe psychiatric illness in a large family led directly to the discovery of a gene disrupted by a chromosomal breakpoint. Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) is now an important candidate risk ...
van Rijn Sophie - - 2008
De novo occurring genetic variations provide an opportunity to study the effects of genes on structure and function of the brain. The presence of an extra X chromosome in men (XXY karyotype) has been associated with language deficits. Recently, schizophrenia spectrum traits have been observed in XXY men, which is ...
Pezawas L - - 2008
Complex genetic disorders such as depression likely exhibit epistasis, but neural mechanisms of such gene-gene interactions are incompletely understood. 5-HTTLPR and BDNF VAL66MET, functional polymorphisms of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SLC6A4) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, impact on two distinct, but interacting signaling systems, which have been related to ...
Ma Jie - - 2008
Linkage studies have suggested that chromosome 15q13-q14 may harbor a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia. In the current study, the association between a (TG)n dinucleotide repeat polymorphism at D15S976 and schizophrenia was investigated using two independent samples from the Han Chinese population. In a population-based study, no significant difference was found ...
Li Dawei - - 2008
The human monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) has attracted considerable attention as a candidate gene for schizophrenia based both on its chromosomal position and its enzyme function as a key factor in neurotransmitter catabolism pathways. However studies to date have reported inconsistent findings regarding the association between the variable number ...
Campbell Daniel B DB Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2008
Several lines of evidence indicate that Regulator of G Protein Signaling 4 (RGS4) contributes to schizophrenia vulnerability. RGS4 is one of a family of molecules that modulate signaling via G-protein coupled receptors. Five genes encoding members of this family (RGS2, RGS4, RGS5, RGS8 and RGS16) map to chromosome 1q23.3-1q31. Due ...
Fanous Ayman H AH Washington VA Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2008
Several lines of evidence suggest that the clinical heterogeneity of schizophrenia is due to genetic heterogeneity. Genetic heterogeneity may decrease the signal-to-noise ratio in linkage and association studies. Therefore, linkage studies of clinically homogeneous classes of psychotic illness may result in greater power to detect at least some loci. Latent ...
Gunes Arzu - - 2008
RATIONALE: Antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) are still a major problem in the treatment of schizophrenia. Serotonin 2C receptors (5-HT(2C)) have regulatory effects on dopaminergic pathways in brain regions involved with EPS. Polymorphisms in the 5-HT(2C) gene (HTR2C) have been suggested to be associated with the risk of developing EPS. ...
Prasad Sarah E - - 2008
There is an overwhelming evidence that children and adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) have a characteristic behavioral phenotype. In particular, there is a growing body of evidence that indicates an unequivocal association between 22q11.2DS and schizophrenia, especially in adulthood. Deletion of 22q11.2 is the third highest risk for the ...
Murphy Brenda C - - 2008
The synapsin III (SYN III) gene on chromosome 22q is a candidate gene for schizophrenia susceptibility due to its chromosome location, neurological function, expression patterns and functional polymorphisms. This research has established the mRNA expression of SYN III in 22 adult human brain regions as well as the methylation specificity ...
Mizuguchi Takeshi - - 2008
Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric disorder with a strong genetic contribution. Disease-associated chromosomal abnormalities in this condition may provide important clues, such as DISC1. In this study, 59 schizophrenia patients were analyzed by microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) using custom bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) microarray (4,219 BACs with 0.7-Mb resolution). ...
Zaharieva Irina I Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. - - 2008
Several linkage studies suggest that chromosome 5q31-32 might contain risk loci for schizophrenia (SZ). We wanted to identify susceptibility genes for schizophrenia within this region. We saturated the interval between markers D5S666 and D5S436 with 90 polymorphic microsatellite markers and genotyped two sets of DNA pools consisting of 300 SZ ...
Brunet Anna - - 2008
Chromosome aberrations have long been studied in an effort to identify susceptibility genes for schizophrenia. Chromosome 22q11.2 microdeletion is associated with DiGeorge and Velocardiofacial syndromes (DG/VCF) and provides the most convincing evidence of an association between molecular cytogenetic abnormality and schizophrenia. In addition, this region is one of the best ...
Liu Yu-Li - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A region at chromosome 22q11.21 has been reported to potentially harbor a candidate gene for schizophrenia, ZDHHC8 (zinc finger, DHHC domain containing 8; also annotated as KIAA1292) in a number of studies. This finding has been replicated in Han Chinese, but not in other ethnicity-specific studies. For further support ...
Kindler Jochen - - 2008
Interleukin-10 receptor 1 (IL-10R1) single nucleotide polymorphisms, located on chromosome 11q23 - a strong candidate for linkage with Tourette's syndrome (TS) - have been investigated for association with TS. DNA of 77 patients with a DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV) diagnosis of TS and 250 healthy controls was genotyped. ...
Kim Hak-Jae - - 2008
To further clarify schizophrenia (SCZ), disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a promising candidate gene expressed predominantly within the hippocampus. Several lines of evidence suggest that DISC1 may be involved in susceptibility to SCZ. In this study, we investigated whether genetic polymorphisms in the coding region of DISC1 were associated ...
Xiong Lan - - 2007
Converging evidence from clinical observations, brain imaging and pathological findings strongly indicate impaired brain iron regulation in restless legs syndrome (RLS). Animal models with mutation in (DMT1) divalent metal transporter 1 gene, an important brain iron transporter, demonstrate a similar iron deficiency profile as found in RLS brain. The human ...
Chubb J E JE Medical Genetics Section, The Centre for Molecular Medicine, Western General Hospital, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2008
The DISC locus is located at the breakpoint of a balanced t(1;11) chromosomal translocation in a large and unique Scottish family. This translocation segregates in a highly statistically significant manner with a broad diagnosis of psychiatric illness, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression, as well as with a narrow ...
Yurov Yuri B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Genetic instability manifested as loss or gain of whole chromosomes (aneuploidy) is a newly described feature of the human brain. Aneuploidy in the brain was hypothesized to be involved in schizophrenia pathogenesis. To gain further insights into the relationship between aneuploidy in the brain and schizophrenia pathogenesis, a molecular-cytogenetic ...
Song Hongwei - - 2007
Accumulating evidence suggests that both homocysteine metabolism and monoaminergic neurotransmitter systems are important in schizophrenia pathology. We hypothesized that the gene PNPO (pyridoxine 5'-phosphatase oxidase gene) might be a candidate for susceptibility to schizophrenia because PNPO encodes pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase (EC 1.4.3.5), a rate-limiting enzyme in pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP, vitamin ...
Kaneko Naoshi - - 2007
We analyzed a large multiplex schizophrenia pedigree collected in mid-eastern Japan using 322 microsatellite markers distributed throughout the whole autosome. Under an autosomal-dominant inheritance model, the highest pairwise LOD score (LOD = 1.69) was found at 4q (D4S2431: theta = 0.0), and LOD scores at two other loci 3q (ATA34G06) ...
Gurnett Christina A - - 2007
The genetic etiology of idiopathic clubfoot is unknown. There have been cases reported in which both clubfoot and vertical talus appears in the same family; therefore, the genes responsible for vertical talus are reasonable candidates for idiopathic clubfoot. A mutation in HOXD10 was previously identified in a family with isolated ...
Singh Gurjeet - - 2007
Despite extensive effort for many years, the etiology of major psychiatric diseases remains unknown. A recent study by Baysal et al. has argued against the ALG9 gene variants in causing psychosis. Due to its disruption by a balanced t(9p24;11q23) translocation that segregates with the disorder in a family, it was ...
Kuroda Seika - - 2007
PURPOSE: Familial clustering of vesicoureteral reflux suggests that genetic factors have an important role in the pathogenesis of vesicoureteral reflux. Transforming growth factor-beta1 is a multifunctional peptide that controls proliferation and differentiation in many cell types. Recently an association between the transforming growth factor-beta1 -509 and +869 gene polymorphism, and ...
Wedenoja J - - 2008
Schizophrenia is a common and complex mental disorder. Hereditary factors are important for its etiology, but despite linkage signals reported to several chromosomal regions in different populations, final identification of predisposing genes has remained a challenge. Utilizing a large family-based schizophrenia study sample from Finland, we have identified several linked ...
Babovic Daniela - - 2007
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inactivates dopamine in prefrontal cortex and is associated clinically with a schizophrenia endophenotype. Using an ethologically based approach, the phenotype of mice with heterozygous COMT deletion was characterised by decreased rearing with increased sifting and chewing. Heterozygous COMT deletion is associated with a distinctive phenotype. This differs from ...
Ma Xiaohong - - 2007
Previous studies have suggested that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), proline dehydrogenase (PRODH), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes are possible susceptibility genes for schizophrenia. We hypothesized that these genes are also associated with schizotypal traits, which are heritable and related to schizophrenia. We genotyped five single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) from the COMT, ...
Boks Marco P M - - 2007
The presence of an additional X-chromosome in Klinefelter patients provides an opportunity to study the influence of this chromosome on psychiatric disorders. Previous studies have reported an excess of Klinefelter patients in psychiatric patient groups. We report an increased prevalence of psychiatric disorders including psychotic disorders in a sample of ...
Jang Yong Lee - - 2007
Chromosome 1q contains a few loci for which modest evidence of linkage with schizophrenia has been reported in several independent studies. However, markers showing the peak linkage signal are dispersed over a large chromosomal region. In addition, inconsistent findings have been generated from different populations or different subgroups of the ...
Tochigi Mamoru - - 2007
The chromosome 6p21-24 region, which contains the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region, has been suggested as an important locus for a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Recently, a significant association between schizophrenia and the TNXB locus, located immediately telomeric of the NOTCH4 locus in the HLA region, was observed. Few studies ...
Qu Mei - - 2007
Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) is located on 1q42.1, one of the most promising susceptibility loci in schizophrenia linkage studies. A non-synonymous genetic variation rs821616 (Ser704Cys) in DISC1, has recently been shown to be associated with schizophrenia in family-based study [Callicott et al. (2005); Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102: 8627-8632]. In order ...
Liu Chih-Min - - 2007
Several linkage studies have shown significant linkage of schizophrenia to chromosome 6p region, which includes the positional candidate genes, Dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1). The aim was to examine the association evidence of the candidate gene in 693 Taiwanese families with at least two affected siblings of schizophrenia. We genotyped nine ...
Kumperscak Hojka G - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The adult type of metachromatic leukodystrophy can manifest itself as motor or as psycho-cognitive form, the latter is very similar to schizophrenia. We report on two sisters with adult metachromatic leukodystrophy who display symptoms of both forms. METHODS: Presented are genotype analyses and 4-year follow-up data regarding clinical manifestations ...
Carrillo-de-la-Peña M T - - 2007
AIM: To investigate changes in Event-Related Coherence (ERCoh) associated to good and bad resolution of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). METHODS: Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded from a sample of 30 university students while they performed a computerized version of the WCST. ERCoh was calculated for frontal and parietal ...
Schosser Alexandra - - 2007
After publishing a genome scan and follow-up fine mapping, suggesting schizophrenia and bipolar disorder linkage to chromosome 3q29, we now genotyped 11 additional SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), in order to narrow down a potential candidate region. Linkage was performed using the GENEHUNTER program version 2.1r3. A NPL score Z(all) of ...
Glahn David C - - 2007
Although genetic influences on schizophrenia are well established, localization of the genes responsible for this illness has proven extremely difficult. Given evidence that genes predisposing to schizophrenia may be transmitted without expression of the clinical phenotype, efforts have focused on developing endophenotypes. While several neuropsychological measures have been proposed to ...
Jamra Rami Abou - - 2007
The alpha1/beta2/gamma2-containing heteropentamer is the most abundant gamma-amino-n-butyric acid type A receptor subtype in mammalian brains and the corresponding genes, the GABRA1, GABRB2, and GABRG2 genes, are located in chromosomal region 5q34 that several genome wide scans have implicated as a susceptibility region for schizophrenia. Given this positional and functional ...
Selch Sandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The MLC1, located on chromosome 22q13.33, has been suggested as a risk gene for schizophrenia, especially the periodic catatonia subtype. An initially identified missense mutation was found to be extremely rare in other patient cohorts; however, a recent report again argued for an association of two intronic MLC1 single ...
Wang Zuowei - - 2007
Several linkage studies across multiple population groups provide convergent support for susceptibility loci for schizophrenia - and, more recently, for affective disorder - on chromosome 6q. We explore whether schizophrenia and affective disorder have common susceptibility gene on 6q in Han Chinese population. In the present study, we genotyped 45 ...
Crow Timothy J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The author examined the chromosomal linkage method as an approach to the genetic basis of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. METHOD: Comparisons were conducted of recent meta-analyses of genome scans of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and of the three largest (N>300) sibling pair studies of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder and ...
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