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Huang Zejun - - 2011
Fruit weight is an important character in many crops. In tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), fruit weight is controlled by many loci, some of which have a major effect on the trait. Fruit weight 11.3 (fw11.3) and fasciated (fas) have been mapped to the same region on chromosome 11. We sought to ...
Kim Tae Moon TM Department of Molecular Medicine and Institute of Biotechnology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 15355 Lambda Drive, San Antonio, TX 78245, - - 2011
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by bone marrow failure, developmental defects and cancer. There are multiple FA genes that enable the repair of interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) in coordination with a variety of other DNA repair pathways in a way that is poorly understood. Here we ...
Quentin Samuel - - 2011
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic condition associated with bone marrow (BM) failure, myelodysplasia (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We studied 57 FA patients with hypoplastic or aplastic anemia (n = 20), MDS (n = 18), AML (n = 11), or no BM abnormality (n = 8). BM samples ...
Castella Maria - - 2011
Background Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare syndrome characterized by bone marrow failure, malformations and cancer predisposition. Chromosome fragility induced by DNA interstrand crosslink (ICL)-inducing agents such as diepoxybutane (DEB) or mitomycin C (MMC) is the 'gold standard' test for the diagnosis of FA. Objective To study the variability, the ...
Lohi Olli - - 2010
We report a case of a 3.5-year-old female with a very high copy number of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) detected by PCR in blood during acute lymphoblastic leukemia induction therapy. The patient was unsuccessfully treated with antiviral drugs. HHV-6 genome was shown to be constitutively integrated into chromosome 22q-tel, likely ...
Coenen Eva A - - 2011
The Mixed Lineage Leukemia gene on chromosome 11q23 is a frequent site of recurrent translocations in acute leukemias. Its promiscuous character is reflected by the more than 60 different translocation partners described in literature. Prompted by karyotype and atypical FISH results, we identified a new translocation partner in infant acute ...
Katsibardi Katerina - - 2011
The evaluation of molecular and cytogenetic characteristics using novel techniques has significantly contributed into the insight of leukemia. In this study, immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements (V(H)D(H)J(H) region) were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Point mutations of the D835/I836 in the activation loop (AL) domain of the second tyrosine ...
Vundinti B R - - 2010
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive, cancer susceptibility disorder characterized by diverse clinical features, such as short stature, skeletal or skin abnormalities, progressive bone marrow (BM) failure, and increased risk of malignancies. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities are frequently reported in FA patients transformed to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid ...
Mori Takeshi - - 2010
Most chromosomal rearrangements including the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene are manifested as leukemia and predict a poor prognosis. Although more than 50 MLL-rearrangement partners are characterized, MLL-related leukemogenesis remains to be understood. Here we report a case of a 3-year old boy bearing a novel MLL-rearrangement with the suppressor ...
Liang Der-Cherng - - 2010
Both ETV6-RUNX1 (TEL-AML1) fusion and hyperdiploidy (>50 chromosomes) in transformed lymphoblasts are favorable genetic features in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Among 433 Taiwanese children with ALL diagnosed at our hospitals between 1997 and 2007, the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion was found in 15.8%, and hyperdiploidy (>50 chromosomes) in 14.1% of the ...
Yamamoto Katsuya - - 2010
We describe here a new case of therapy-related acute leukemia with t(1;21)(p36;q22). A 25-year-old man was admitted because of anemia and thrombocytopenia. Four years before, he had received combination chemotherapy including etoposide for seminoma. Bone marrow was hypercellular, with 49% myeloperoxidase (MPO) staining-negative blasts. Chromosome analysis showed 46,XY,t(1;21)(p36.3;q22)[11]/49,sl,+8,+16,+20[9]. Fluorescence in ...
Brassesco María Sol - - 2011
Contemporary anticancer therapies have largely improved the outcome for children with cancer, especially for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). Actually, between 78% and 85% of patients achieve complete remission and are alive after 5 years of therapy completion. However, as cure rates increase, new concerns about the late effects of genotoxic ...
Rabson A B - - 2010
Down syndrome is associated with a markedly increased risk of childhood leukemias, and identification of chromosome 21 sequences that have a role in leukemogenesis may provide insights into critical pathways and suggest targets for therapy and prevention. A study in this issue of Oncogene, defines human chromosome 21 sequences that ...
Agueli Cecilia - - 2010
This study evaluated the loss and expression level of miRNAs 14q32 clusters in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with cryptic deletions at 14q32 chromosomal band to investigate their involvement in this disease. We demonstrate that a subset of ALL cases bearing 14q32 LOH showed a down-regulation of miRNA 14q32 clusters, ...
Kim Jinseon - - 2010
We present a case of bilateral serous retinal detachment (SRD) as a presenting sign of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+) ALL). A 45-year-old woman presented with decreased vision and was found to have bilateral serous retinal detachment. Peripheral blood smears revealed leukocytosis of 53.9x10(3)/microL with 64.6% lymphoblasts. A bone ...
Marques-Salles Terezinha de Jesus Tde - - 2010
Acute myeloid leukemia in childhood is a heterogeneous group of diseases, and different epidemiologic factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis. Genetic syndromes are one of the predisposing factors of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including Down syndrome, Bloom syndrome, and neurofibromatosis. Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) is the main subtype in Down ...
Tirado Carlos A - - 2010
Rearrangements of JAK2 are rare and have been described in various hematological neoplasms. We report a novel JAK2 rearrangement resulting from a t(9;22)(p24;q11.2) in a 14-year-old male with a diagnosis of B lymphoblastic leukemia. He was treated with Children's Oncology Group's protocol (AALL0232) but failed to achieve remission by day ...
Lim Gayoung - - 2010
We present a novel case of acute myeloid leukemia with an NPM1/MLF1 rearrangement in a 78-year-old Korean woman. The bone marrow chromosome study showed a complex karyotype: 46,XX,t(2;13) (q13;q32),der(3)t(3;5)(q25.1;q34),der(5)del(5)(?q31q34)t(3;5),inv(9)(p11q13)c,del(20)(q11.2)[13]/49,idem,+5,+8,+der(13)t(2;13)[7]. Multiplex gene rearrangement testing, cloning, and sequencing analyses revealed an NPM1/MLF1 fusion rearrangement between exon 6 of NPM1 (ENSG00000181163) and exon ...
Yamamoto Katsuya - - 2010
We describe here a novel unbalanced whole-arm translocation der(3;10)(q10;q10) in a 58-year-old man with acute monocytic leukemia. Bone marrow was massively infiltrated with 22.2% monoblasts, 55.4% promonocytes, and 5.6% monocytes. These monocytic cells were positive for myeloperoxidase and alpha-naphthyl butyrate esterase staining. Surface marker analysis revealed that they were positive ...
Fonatsch Christa - - 2010
Newborns and children with Down syndrome (DS) often present with congenital transient leukemia and have an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Thus, constitutional trisomy 21 represents an excellent model to study the origin and progression of leukemia. However, trisomy 21 can also occur as a ...
Jäger R - - 2010
Transformation to acute leukemia is a major complication of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), however, the genetic changes leading to transformation remain largely unknown. We screened nine patients with post-MPN leukemia for chromosomal aberrations using microarray karyotyping. Deletions on the short arm of chromosome 7 (del7p) emerged as a recurrent defect. We ...
Crow Jennifer - - 2010
Donor cell neoplasms are rare complications of treatment regimens that involve stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancies, myelodysplastic processes, or certain genetic or metabolic disorders. We report a case of donor cell leukemia in a pediatric patient with a history of acute myeloid leukemia that manifested as recurrent AML FAB ...
Mkrtchyan Hasmik - - 2010
High hyperdiploidy with modal chromosome numbers between 50 and 65 is common in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), occurring in 25-30% of the cases. This chromosomal constitution is associated with a very good prognosis. By contrast, near triploidy and tetraploidy are found in <1% of childhood ALL. Given the sparseness ...
Miao Kourong - - 2010
Cytogenetic abnormalities are the most important independent prognostic factors of acute leukemia and imply the potential molecular mechanism of the disease. Translocation (11;14)(p13;q11) has been predominantly found in T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) but is rare in B-cell ALL. We present the case of a 30-year-old male patient, who presented ...
Chen Wei - - 2010
Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia (t-ALL) is a rare secondary leukemia following chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy for primary malignancies. Chromosomal 11q23 abnormality, frequently detected in therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, is the most common cytogenetic alteration in t-ALL. However, t-ALL cases without 11q23 abnormality have been rarely described. We describe 6 adults with ...
Ho Kevin - - 2010
JAK2 is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase whose gene is located on chromosome 9p24. It is involved in the regulation of different cytokines and growth factors and plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms (Smith et al., 2008). Translocations involving the JAK2 locus are uncommon with ...
Zhang Ji-Hong - - 2010
Near-tetraploidy is a rare cytogenetic abnormality in myelocytic malignancies in children and its significance is unknown. To investigate the pathologic characteristics of a near-tetraploidy in a child with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4), bone marrow smears were prepared for morphologic analysis. Bone marrow samples were collected at presentation for flow cytometry, ...
Zhang Luoping - - 2010
There are concerns about the health effects of formaldehyde exposure, including carcinogenicity, in light of elevated indoor air levels in new homes and occupational exposures experienced by workers in health care, embalming, manufacturing, and other industries. Epidemiologic studies suggest that formaldehyde exposure is associated with an increased risk of leukemia. ...
De Weer An - - 2010
Chromosomal rearrangements involving the EVI1 proto-oncogene are a recurrent finding in myeloid leukemias and are indicative of a poor prognosis. Rearrangements of the EVI1 locus are often associated with monosomy 7 or cytogenetic detectable deletions of part of 7q. As EVI1 overexpression alone is not sufficient to induce leukemia, loss ...
Al-Bahar Soad S Department of Hematology, Kuwait Cancer Control Center, - - 2010
To characterize the frequency of genetic profiles in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients in Kuwait. This review presents the general cytogenetic characteristics of 164 pediatric patients diagnosed as having ALL in a 6-year period. Chromosomal and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies were made on bone marrow aspirates at diagnosis ...
Leone Giuseppe - - 2010
Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) include acute myeloid leukemias and myelodysplastic syndromes arising in patients who have been treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunosuppressive agents or after documented exposure to environmental carcinogen. t-MN are defined according to the primary treatment and the corresponding genetic and molecular lesions. Chromosome(s) 7 and/or 5 ...
Tarsitano Marina - - 2009
The t(11;14)(q13;q32) is a hallmark of mantle cell lymphoma. It has been found less frequently in other lymphoproliferative disorders, such as B-prolymphocytic leukemia, plasma cell leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and multiple myeloma. Here, we describe a patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), categorized as M5b according to French-American-British classification, in ...
Milone Jorge H - - 2009
The presence of the Philadelphia chromosome is a poor prognosis factor in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), in both children and adults. Using molecular techniques of the gen bcr/abl, it is possible to detect the abnormality, in up to the 40% of adult patients. The unsatisfactory results with conventional chemotherapy schemes ...
Mullighan Charles G - - 2009
Aneuploidy and translocations are hallmarks of B-progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but many individuals with this cancer lack recurring chromosomal alterations. Here we report a recurring interstitial deletion of the pseudoautosomal region 1 of chromosomes X and Y in B-progenitor ALL that juxtaposes the first, noncoding exon of P2RY8 with ...
Woo Kwang-Sook - - 2009
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases with monosomy 7 (-7) and del(7q) comprise a heterogeneous subgroup. The association of losses in 7q with myeloid leukemia suggests that this region contains a tumor suppressor gene or genes whose loss of function contributes to leukemic transformation or tumor progression. The -7/del(7q) aberrations frequently ...
Ravandi Farhad F Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 428, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2009
The Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, a short chromosome 22, is the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It occurs in approximately 20% to 30% of adults and in about 5% of children with this disease. The incidence rises with age and occurs in approximately 50% ...
Mrózek Krzysztof K Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, James Cancer Hospital, The Ohio State University, Room 1248B, 300 West Tenth Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1228, USA. - - 2009
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignant disease that often features nonrandom numerical or structural chromosome aberrations that can be detected microscopically. The application of contemporary genome-wide molecular analyses is revealing additional genetic alterations that are not detectable cytogenetically. This article describes the cytogenetic methodology and summarizes major cytogenetic findings ...
Rachieru-Sourisseau P - - 2010
The DNA index (DI) is a prognostic factor in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The accuracy of DI measurement is important for treatment stratification: hyperdiploidy with DI > or = 1.16 is predictive of favorable prognosis whereas hypodiploidy is associated with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to ...
Davidsson Josef - - 2009
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy, with high hyperdiploidy [51-67 chromosomes] and the t(12;21)(p13;q22) [ETV6/RUNX1 fusion] representing the most frequent abnormalities. Although these arise in utero, there is long latency before overt ALL, showing that additional changes are needed. Gene dysregulation through hypermethylation may be such ...
Russell Lisa J LJ Leukaemia Research Cytogenetics Group, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United - - 2009
We report 2 novel, cryptic chromosomal abnormalities in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL): a translocation, either t(X;14)(p22;q32) or t(Y;14)(p11;q32), in 33 patients and an interstitial deletion, either del(X)(p22.33p22.33) or del(Y)(p11.32p11.32), in 64 patients, involving the pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) of the sex chromosomes. The incidence of these abnormalities was 5% ...
Ando Toshihiko - - 2009
Isolated extramedullary (EM) relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is rare. Predisposing factors include CD56 expression and the chromosomal abnormality t(8;21). We describe an AML patient showing the chromosomal abnormality t(8;21) and CD56 expression who experienced a unique EM relapse after allo-HSCT. Approximately ...
McGrattan Peter - - 2010
An 86-year-old man presented with acute hepatic failure, worsening thrombocytopenia, and anemia having been diagnosed and managed expectantly with cytogenetically normal RAEB-1. After 20 months a diagnosis of disease transformation to acute monocytic leukemia (M5b) was made. Conventional G-banded analysis of unstimulated bone marrow cultures demonstrated a jumping translocation (JT) ...
An Qian - - 2009
The dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Although it results in loss of material from 9p and 20q, the molecular targets on both chromosomes have not been fully elucidated. From an initial cohort of 58 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients with this translocation, breakpoint ...
Kubo Yasutaka - - 2010
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with chromosome aberration t(8;14)(q11.2;q32) mostly affects patients younger than 20 years old. One third of patients with this translocation have been reported to have Down syndrome. This translocation has been reported rarely in patients over the age of 50. Here we report a 71-year-old male ALL ...
Manola Kalliopi N - - 2009
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease accounting for 15-20% of all childhood acute leukemias, while it is responsible for more than half of the leukemic deaths in these patients. This article focuses on the significance of cytogenetic analysis in pediatric AML supporting the importance of ...
Poland Kathryn S - - 2009
We report a novel translocation t(17;19)(q22;q13.32) found in 100% of blast cells from a pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patient. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and vectorette polymerase chain reaction were used to precisely map the chromosomal breakpoint located on the derivative chromosome 17 at 352 bp 5' of MPO, encoding ...
Magni Michele - - 2010
This study describes a patient with a relapsed, diffuse, large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with yttrium-90 ((90)Y)-ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin) who 5 months later developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inversion of chromosome 16. Our data indicate that molecular biological techniques should be used in selected cases ...
Healey Kelley - - 2009
We describe the rare finding of a T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and a pretreatment bone marrow karyotype mosaic for four distinct cell lines in a 4-year-old boy. G-banding analysis of metaphase cells identified a hyperdiploid cell line (52 chromosomes) trisomic for chromosomes 6, 9, 11, 13, 19, and 22. ...
Zhang Ji-Hong - - 2009
Near-tetraploidy is a rare cytogenetic abnormality in myelocytic malignancies in children, and its significance is unknown. To investigate the characteristics of near-tetraploidy in a child with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4), bone marrow smears were prepared for morphological analysis. Bone marrow samples were collected for flow cytometry, and prepared by short-term ...
Lewintre Eloisa Jantus - - 2009
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is an adult-onset leukemia with a heterogeneous clinical behavior. When chronic lymphocytic leukemia cases were divided on the basis of IgV(H) mutational status, widely differing clinical courses were revealed. Since IgV(H) sequencing is difficult to perform in a routine diagnostic laboratory, finding a surrogate for IgV(H) mutational ...
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