Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 690
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Malandrini A - - 1998
We report an Italian family in which molecular genetic analysis showed expansion of CAG repeats indicative of the SCA2 genotype. This family confirms that ataxia, ophthalmoparesis and sensory peripheral neuropathy are the salient features of the SCA2 phenotype. In the present cases, early onset and mental deterioration were important additional ...
Benson K F - - 1998
Autosomal dominant familial spastic paraplegia (FSP) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder displaying anticipation for which three loci have been mapped to the chromosomal positions 14q11.2-q24.3 (SPG3), 2p21-p24 (SPG4) and 15q11.1 (SPG6). The repeat expansion detection (RED) method has been used to demonstrate expanded CAG repeats in some FSP families ...
Ananiev E V - - 1998
A class of tandemly repeated DNA sequences (TR-1) of 350-bp unit length was isolated from the knob DNA of chromosome 9 of Zea mays L. Comparative fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that TR-1 elements are also present in cytologically detectable knobs on other maize chromosomes in different proportions relative to ...
Lemmers R J - - 1998
The autosomal dominant myopathy facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is causally related to a short Eco RI fragment detected by probe p13E-11. This remnant fragment is the result of a deletion of an integral number of tandemly arrayed 3.3 kb repeat units (D4Z4) on 4q35. Despite intensive efforts, no transcribed sequences ...
Shah V O - - 1998
Epidemiological studies support the hypothesis that genetic factors modulate the risk for diabetic nephropathy (DN). Aldose reductase (ALDR1), the rate-limiting enzyme in the polyol pathway, is a potential candidate gene. The present study explores the hypothesis that polymorphisms of the (A-C)n dinucleotide repeat sequence, located 2.1 kb upstream of the ...
Yamazaki K - - 1998
The 5'-flanking region of the mouse R-type calcium channel (Cchra1) gene was cloned, and a transcriptional start point (tsp) was determined by rapid amplification of 5'-cDNA end (5'RACE) method. The putative promoter region of the gene contained no obvious TATA or CCAAT element in the expected positions, but multiple putative ...
Rutherford S - - 1998
1. Previous glucagon receptor gene (GCGR) studies have shown a Gly40Ser mutation to be more prevalent in essential hypertension and to affect glucagon binding affinity to its receptor. An Alu-repeat poly(A) polymorphism colocalized to GCGR was used in the present study to test for association and linkage in hypertension as ...
Kuijpers A L - - 1998
Psoriasis is a multifactorial skin disease characterised by epidermal abnormalities and infiltration by lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). Skin-derived antileukoproteinase (SKALP), also known as elafin, is a potent inhibitor of human leukocyte elastase and proteinase 3, two PMN-derived proteinases implicated in tissue destruction and leukocyte migration. We have shown that, ...
Solovei I - - 1998
Chromomeres 1 and 3 of the chicken W lampbrush chromosome contain most of the EcoRI and XhoI repeat sequence families respectively. These chromomeres were stained with DAPI and their sizes relative to other W chromomeres were observed. Their relative contents of EcoRI and XhoI repeats were determined using fluorescence in ...
Bugert P - - 1998
We have found a 33 bp minisatellite repeat in the 5'-flanking region of the mutated in colon cancer (MCC) gene at chromosome 5q21. Southern blot experiments demonstrated the locus specificity of the repeat. The number of repeat units varied between 5 and 11 with a heterozygosity of 0.56. The sequence ...
Bellingham J - - 1998
We have identified a highly polymorphic intragenic marker composed of two dinucleotide repeats in an intron of the human interferon regulatory factor (IRF3) gene. This polymorphic marker has allowed us to map IRF3 to the boundary of 19q13.3-13.4 between the polymorphic markers D19S604 and D19S206 close to KLK1. An intron ...
Hatta Y - - 1998
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is thought to represent a defect of the DNA mismatch repair system which has been implicated in the tumourigenesis of several human malignancies. We investigated MSI in acute/ lymphomatous adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL: n=22) using 54 highly polymorphic dinucleotide short-tandem repeat sequences. The corresponding control DNA from ...
Ikeuchi T - - 1998
Using the direct identification of repeat expansion and cloning technique, we cloned a novel long CAG/CTG trinucleotide repeat on chromosome 17. Using radiation hybrid panels, the CAG/CTG repeat was mapped to chromosome 17q. The CAG/CTG repeat is highly polymorphic, with a heterozygosity of 85%, and exhibits a bimodal distribution (allele ...
Tsukada T - - 1998
Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by the vascular endothelium regulates mammalian blood vessels and other systems in humans. Recently, an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene polymorphism, the 27-bp repeat in intron 4 (ecNOS4), was reported to be related to the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease and terminal renal failure. We ...
Løkkegaard T - - 1998
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by varying age of onset and pronounced phenotypic heterogeneity. The clinical core features include gait ataxia, external ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, and bulging eyes. Recently, Kawagushi et al. (1994) cloned the MJD1 gene on chromosome 14 and MJD turned out to ...
Jobling M A - - 1998
We describe the first haploid minisatellite, the human Y chromosome-specific locus, MSY1. It consists of an array of 48-114 AT-rich 25 bp repeats of at least five different variant types. A minisatellite variant repeat PCR (MVR-PCR) system gives Y-specific DNA codes, with a virtual heterozygosity of 99.9%, making MSY1 by ...
Santschi E M - - 1998
Overo lethal white syndrome (OLWS) is an inherited syndrome of foals born to American Paint Horse parents of the overo coat-pattern lineage. Affected foals are totally or almost totally white and die within days from complications due to intestinal aganglionosis. Related conditions occur in humans and rodents in which mutations ...
Onodera O - - 1998
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by cerebellar ataxia associated to varying degrees with pyramidal signs, extrapyramidal signs, or peripheral amyotrophy. It is caused by unstable expansion of the CAG repeat in the MJD1 gene on chromosome 14q32.1. To determine how the neurodegenerative process in the ...
Devlin R H - - 1998
A long repetitive DNA sequence (OtY8) has been cloned from male chinook salmon and its genomic organization has been characterized. The repeat has a unit length of 8 kb and is present approximately 300 times per diploid male nucleus. All internal fragments within the 8-kb repeat segregate from father to ...
Vitiani L R - - 1998
MICA (MHC class I chain-related gene A) is localized 47 kb upstream from HLA-B on the short arm of chromosome 6. It has been postulated that MICA protein folds similarly to the class I chain and may have the capacity to bind short ligands. Short tandem repeats (STR) within the ...
Haber J E - - 1998
Variable numbers of tandem repeats are valuable markers in genetic studies. The arrays of interest are simple microsatellites, containing repetitions of 1-5 nucleotides, and minisatellites, with multiple iterations of approximately 10 to 100 bp. Microsatellite origins can be explained by replication errors in regions fortuitously containing two or more adjacent ...
Gortner G - - 1998
We used fluorescence in situ hybridization to probe the physical organization of five simple sequence repeat motifs and the Arabidopsis-type telomeric repeat in metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Hybridization signals were observed with the whole set of probes and on all chromosomes, but the distribution ...
Johansson J - - 1998
Spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, brainstem and retina. The gene responsible for SCA7, located on chromosome 3p, recently was cloned and shown to contain a CAG repeat in the coding region of the gene, that is expanded in SCA7 patients of ...
Kahler C M - - 1998
The exclusive human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis expresses lipooligosaccharide (LOS), an endotoxin that is structurally distinct from the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of enteric Gram-negative bacilli. Differences that appear to be biologically important occur in the composition and attachment of acyl chains to lipid A, phosphorylation patterns of lipid A, and the incorporation ...
Schweitzer J K - - 1998
To understand the causes of CAG repeat tract changes that occur in the passage of human disease alleles, we are studying the effect of replication and repair mutations on CAG repeat tracts embedded in a yeast chromosome. In this report, we examine the effect of a mutation in the RTH1/RAD27 ...
Yamagata H - - 1998
The myotonic dystrophy (DM) mutation is an unstable (CTG)n repeat, present at a copy number of 5-37 repeats on normal chromosomes but amplified to 50-3000 copies on DM chromosomes. Previous findings in Caucasian populations of a DM founder chromosome raise a question about the molecular events involved in the expansion ...
Wu S M - - 1998
Four polymorphisms were identified in the coding exons of the human luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin receptor (hLHR) gene. A CTGCAG insertion occurred after nucleotide 54 in 8 of 34 independent chromosomes examined. The heterozygosity frequency was 0.353. This Leu-Gln dipeptide insertion in the first Leucine repeat of the hLHR extracellular domain ...
Bengel D - - 1998
Clinical evidence for a dominant mode of inheritance and anticipation in periodic catatonia, a distinct subtype of schizophrenia, suggests that trinucleotide repeat expansions may be involved in the aetiology of this disorder. Since genes with triplet repeats are putative canditates for causing schizophrenia, we have analysed the polymorphic B33 CTG ...
Hofgärtner W T - - 1998
A 13-year-old girl presented with a two year history of declining school performance, loss of coordination, and increased difficulty with sports. The family history was positive for Huntington's disease (HD). An MRI was suggestive for bilateral atrophy of the caudate. HD is autosomal dominant and the HD gene contains a ...
Bender K - - 1998
An analysis of three autosomal, one X-chromosomal, and one Y-chromosomal tetranucleotide short tandem repeat loci in a large southern German population sample (including family studies) and in several nonhuman primate species revealed remarkable similarities in structure of already known and some newly detected alleles and in allele frequency distributions. These ...
Culjković B - - 1997
Huntington disease (HD) belongs to a growing list of neurodegenerative disorders (fragile X syndrome [6], myotonic dystrophy [1], spino-bulbar muscular atrophy [2] etc.) characterized by unstable expanded trinucleotide repeats (so-called 'dynamic mutations'). The dynamic mutation causing HD represents the expansion of CAG triplets in the first exon of a gene ...
Hirst M C - - 1997
The human fragile-X syndrome is associated with expansions of a (CGG)n triplet repeat within the FMR1 gene. Whilst normal FMR1 arrays consist of variable numbers of (CGG)7-13 blocks punctuated with single AGG triplets, unstable arrays contain longer blocks of uninterrupted (CGG)n. The degree of instability, and subsequent risk of expansion ...
Dorer D R - - 1997
Tandem repeats of Drosophila transgenes can cause heterochromatic variegation for transgene expression in a copy-number and orientation-dependent manner. Here, we demonstrate different ways in which these transgene repeat arrays interact with other sequences at a distance, displaying properties identical to those of a naturally occurring block of interstitial heterochromatin. Arrays ...
Watkins T B - - 1997
Measuring the repeatability of inter-individual differences in locomotor performance is an important first step in elucidating both the functional causes and the ecological consequences of performance variation. Thus, repeatability of whole-animal performance traits provides a crucial link between functional and evolutionary biology. In the present study, repeatability of maximal burst ...
Djabiri F - - 1997
Using a polymorphic dinucleotide repeat, we have investigated the contribution of the gene encoding the beta-subunit of the muscle acetylcholine receptor (CHRNB1), the target autoantigen, to the susceptibility to myasthenia gravis (MG). We have combined a case-control study (comparing 143 patients and 162 controls) and a transmission-disequilibrium test bearing on ...
Kobayashi T - - 1997
Polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) phagocytic function has been shown to be impaired in some patients with periodontitis. PMN constitutively express members of two immunoglobulin G receptor (Fc gammaR) classes: Fc gammaRIIa (CD32) and Fc gammaRIIIb (CD16). Both receptors exhibit genetically determined structural and functional biallelic polymorphisms, which have been shown to ...
David G - - 1997
The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) has been mapped to chromosome 3p12-13. By positional cloning, we have identified a new gene of unknown function containing a CAG repeat that is expanded in SCA7 patients. On mutated alleles, CAG repeat size is highly variable, ranging from 38 to 130 repeats, ...
Rubinsztein D C - - 1997
The CAG repeat number on Huntington's disease (HD) chromosomes accounts for about 60% of the variance in the age at onset of HD. However, distinct familial factors may also influence the age at onset. HD is associated with loss of medium-sized GABA-ergic striatal output neurons. Intracerebral administration of human ciliary ...
Arcot S S - - 1997
Two new polymorphic Alu elements (HS2.25 and HS4.14) belonging to the young (Ya5/8) subfamily of human-specific Alu repeats have been identified. DNA sequence analysis of both Alu repeats revealed that each Alu repeat had a long 3'-oligo-dA-rich tail (41 and 52 nucleotides in length) and a low level of random ...
Lacazette E - - 1997
LCN1 gene encodes the tear lipocalin; the lipocalins are a large and growing family of proteins characterized by their ability to bind small hydrophobic molecules. We report here the location of a dinucleotide repeat microsatellite marker (D9S1826) close to LCN1 gene. Using the CEPH reference families, the position of LCN1 ...
Hsieh M - - 1997
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration characterized by cerebellar ataxia and pyramidal signs associated in varying degrees with a dystonic-rigid extrapyramidal syndrome or peripheral amyotrophy. Unstable CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion in the MJD gene on the long arm of chromosome 14 has been identified as the pathological ...
Jarret R L - - 1997
Simple sequence repeat length polymorphisms were utilized to examine genetic relatedness among accessions of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai). A size-fractionated TaqI genomic library was screened for the occurrence of dimer and trimer simple sequence repeats (SSRs). A total of 96 (0.53%) SSR-bearing clones were identified and the ...
Takiyama Y - - 1997
To investigate the mechanism of the meiotic instability of expanded CAG repeats in the gene for Machado-Joseph disease (MJD1), we analyzed the CAG repeat sizes of 1036 single sperm from six individuals with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). The segregation ratio between single sperm with an expanded allele and those with a ...
Ramesar R S - - 1997
The autosomal dominant late onset spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are genetically heterogeneous. Three genes, SCA1 on 6p, SCA2 on 12q and MJD1 on 14q, have been isolated for SCA1, SCA2 and Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), respectively. In these three autosomal dominant disorders the mutation is an expanded CAG repeat. Evidence for heterogeneity ...
Celik A - - 1997
The parental origin and mechanism of formation of polysomy X were studied in two polysomic cases, using four X-linked restriction fragment length polymorphisms, three (CA)n dinucleotide repeat sequences and one variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) locus as genetic markers. A nonradioactive technique based on the hybridization of the polymerase chain ...
Kogi M - - 1997
In an effort to analyze the genomic region of the distal half of human chromosome 4p, to where Huntington disease and other diseases have been mapped, we have isolated the cosmid clone (CRS447) that was likely to contain a region with specific repeat sequences. Clone CRS447 was subjected to detailed ...
Dewar K - - 1997
We have followed the transmission of Ophiostoma ulmi s.l. chromosome length polymorphisms (CLPs) into the F2 generation to determine the reproducibility of a genome rearrangement culminating in the conversion of a 1.0 Mb chromosome into a 800 kb chromosome. The 1.0 Mb chromosome in strain CESS16K is thus far unique ...
Parsons S F - - 1997
Lutheran glycoprotein (Lu gp) has five predicted immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) domains. K562 cells were transfected with Lu cDNA and tested by flow cytometry with monoclonal antibodies and Lu blood group antisera. The results confirmed the identity of Lu cDNA. Deletion mutants lacking the regions encoding one or more IgSF domains ...
Gaitonde E J - - 1997
We have previously shown that large expansions of CAG (CTG) triplets are associated both with schizophrenia itself and with an early age-at-onset of the disease. However, the repeat expansion detection (RED) method used did not provide a chromosomal location for the expanded region(s) (Morris et al., 1995). In a further ...
Cancel G - - 1997
Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2) is caused by the expansion of an unstable CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract. One hundred and eighty four index patients with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I were screened for this mutation. We found expansion in 109 patients from 30 families of different geographical origins ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >