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Results 251 - 300 of 690
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Holste D - - 2001
We study statistical patterns in the DNA sequence of human chromosome 22, the first completely sequenced human chromosome. We find that (i). the 33.4 x 10(6) nucleotide long human chromosome exhibits long-range power-law correlations over more than four orders of magnitude, (ii). the entropies H(n) of the frequency distribution of ...
Båge R - - 2001
There is evidence that repeat breeding in dairy cattle can be caused by both extrinsic, environmental factors and intrinsic, animal factors. In repeat-breeder heifers (RBH), disturbed endocrine patterns and estrous events result in a subsequent decreased fertility associated with delayed ovulation. Whether infertility is also due to the presence of ...
Tummaruk P - - 2001
The objective of the present study was to analyse the association between repeat breeding (RB) in gilts/sows and their subsequent reproductive performance as well as the impact of interactions between repeat breeding and factors like parity number, boar breed, season and mating type (MT) on subsequent reproductive performance in Swedish ...
Meira-Lima I V - - 2001
Several reports have suggested the presence of anticipation in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). In addition, independent studies using the RED (repeat expansion detection) have shown association between BPAD and longer CAG/CTG repeats. Therefore loci with large CAG/CTG repeats are plausible candidates in the inheritance of BPAD. The present study assesses ...
Rodríguez S - - 2001
This study shows that consideration of minor bands (heteroduplex, shadow, and faint bands) associated with allele bands in nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is effective for detecting PCR processing errors that lead to mistyping of heterozygotes as homozygotes. Notably, we show that minor bands in ...
Hadjiyannakis S - - 2001
A polymorphic GT dinucleotide repeat sequence has been identified in the 5' flanking region of the human growth hormone receptor (hGHR) gene on chromosome 5p13.1-p12, within the promoter region of the V9 5'UTR exon. Thirteen alleles have been identified in 50 non-related individuals, with an observed heterozygosity of 52%. The ...
Okada S - - 2001
The haploid liverwort Marchantia polymorpha has heteromorphic sex chromosomes, an X chromosome in the female and a Y chromosome in the male. We here report on the repetitive structure of the liverwort Y chromosome through the analysis of male-specific P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) clones, pMM4G7 and pMM23-130F12. Several chromosome-specific sequence ...
Lund A - - 2001
SBMA (spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy), also called Kennedy disease, is an X-chromosomal recessive adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by death of the spinal and bulbar motor neurones and dorsal root ganglia. Patients may also show signs of partial androgen insensitivity. SBMA is caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the ...
Dangi G S - - 2001
The USDA germplasm repositories help to preserve the genetic variability of important crop species by collecting and maintaining representative cultivars and related germplasm. Simple sequence repeat markers with high allelic diversity were used to type 41 grapevines from 40 accessions. All vines were either seedless table grape cultivars or cultivars ...
Bing D H - - 2001
The unit covers Variable Numbers of Tandem Repeats (VNTR) based paternity analysis as well as the newer methods relying on PCR to analyze sequence specific polymorphisms and microsatellite regions. The discussion of data analysis and probability calculations has been expanded to address a number of special circumstances, such as the ...
Gentles A J - - 2001
We examined dinucleotide relative abundances and their biases in recent sequences of eukaryotic genomes and chromosomes, including human chromosomes 21 and 22, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Drosophila melanogaster. We found that dinucleotide relative abundances are remarkably constant across human chromosomes and within the DNA of a particular species. The ...
Cheng Z - - 2001
Highly repetitive tandem DNA sequence repeats are often associated with centromeric and telomeric regions of eukaryotic chromosomes. The rice tandem repeat Os48 is organized as long arrays of a 355 bp monomer and is mainly located in the telomeric regions. The chromosomal locations of the Os48 sequence were determined by ...
Reus K - - 2001
Recently, we reported an almost intact human endogenous retrovirus (HERV-K(HML-2.HOM); HGMW-approved symbol ERVK6) located on human chromosome 7, with open reading frames for all retroviral genes and a mutation only within the reverse transcriptase. We further characterized the genomic organization of this endogenous retrovirus by subcloning and sequencing of the ...
Izumi Y - - 2001
Dinucleotide repeat polymorphism has been observed in the promoter of the alpha-synuclein (alpha-SYN)/NAC precursor protein (NACP) gene. Alpha-SYN/NACP allele 3 (described by Xia et al. (Ann. Neurol., 40 (1996) 207), equivalent to allele 1 described by Krüger et al. (Ann. Neurol. 45 (1999) 611) is reported to be significantly more ...
Hill M E - - 2001
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant disorder of late onset that commonly presents with ptosis and dysphagia. The genetic basis of the condition has been identified recently as a stable trinucleotide repeat expansion in exon 1 of the poly(A) binding protein 2 gene (PABP2), in which (GCG)(6) is ...
Kubota S - - 2001
It has been uncovered that expansion of trinucleotide repeats in the human genome are causing a variety of genetic diseases. They are also identified in other loci that are not clearly related to particular diseases, which indicates such repeat expansion is one of the general forms of evolution occurring throughout ...
Faradz S M - - 2001
The number of trinucleotide repeats in the 5' untranslated regions of the FMR1 and FMR2 genes was determined by PCR in 254 Fragile XA-negative Javanese male children with developmental disabilities. The distribution of FMR1 and FMR2 trinucleotide repeat alleles was found to be significantly different in the Indonesian population with ...
Justice C M - - 2001
Friedreich ataxia is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder associated with a GAA repeat expansion in the first intron of the gene (FRDA) encoding a novel, highly conserved, 210 amino acid protein known as frataxin. Normal variation in repeat size was determined by analysis of more than 600 DNA samples from ...
Bertolini S - - 2001
The proband is a 50 year-old woman born from a consanguineous marriage. She has been suffering from angina pectoris since the age of 38 and underwent coronary bypass surgery for three-vessel disease at 48. The presence of low plasma levels of total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (2.4 ...
Rock G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cryoprecipitate continues to find wide application in transfusion practice. Current AABB standards call for a minimum of 80 units (U) of factor VIII and 150 mg of fibrinogen per bag of cryoprecipitate. However, individual cryoprecipitates can vary greatly in content, with as many as 20 different factors known to ...
Soong B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by slowly progressive ataxia and dysarthria. The mutational basis is an expanded CAG repeat sequence within the coding regions of the CACNL1A4 gene. Basic clinical, neuroimaging, and pathological, and epidemiological features have been described in the literature. However, the ...
Auer R L - - 2001
Chromosome 11q deletions are frequently observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in association with progressive disease and a poor prognosis. A minimal region of deletion has been assigned to 11q22-q23. Trinucleotide repeats have been associated with anticipation in disease, and evidence of anticipation has been observed in various malignancies including ...
Sharma D - - 2001
Based on molecular screening, we estimated the frequencies of fragile X syndrome and FRAXE syndrome in an institutionalized population (n = 130) in New Delhi, India. Eligibility criteria for inclusion of subjects in the study were mild/moderate mental retardation, with/without family history, and the fragile X clinical phenotype. Screening by ...
von Ahsen N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Gilbert syndrome is a clinically inconsequential entity of mild unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia caused by an A(TA)(n)TAA insertion polymorphism (UGT1A1*28) in the promoter region of the gene coding for the enzyme UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 (EC 2.4.1. 17; UGT1A1). Present methods for genotyping this polymorphism are laborious. METHODS: Hybridization probes were designed complementary ...
Lin S R - - 2000
We describe the identification of a new CA dinucleotide repeat marker for the diagnosis of haemophilia A carriers. The marker (CA-6) is present in intron 6 as a single copy 5 kb upstream of exon 7. Of 195 and 118 X chromosomes from normal individuals and haemophilia A patients, respectively, ...
Chibana H - - 2000
It has been suggested that Candida albicans, a diploid asexual fungus, achieves genetic diversity by genomic rearrangement. This important human pathogen may provide a system in which to analyze alternate routes to genomic diversity. C. albicans has a highly variable karyotype; its chromosomes contain a middle repeated DNA sequence called ...
van Overveld P G - - 2000
Chromosomal rearrangements occur more frequently in subtelomeric domains than in other regions of the genome and are often associated with human pathology. To further elucidate the plasticity of subtelomeric domains, we examined the 3.3 kb D4Z4 repeat array on chromosome 4 and its homologue on chromosome 10 in 208 Dutch ...
Schlötterer C - - 2000
Comparative genomics is a powerful approach to inference of the dynamics of genome evolution. Most information about the evolution of microsatellites in the genus Drosophila has been obtained from Drosophila melanogaster. For comparison, we collected microsatellite data for the distantly related species Drosophila virilis. Screening about 0.5 Mb of nonredundant ...
Matsuura T - - 2000
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10; MIM 603516; refs 1,2) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia and seizures. The gene SCA10 maps to a 3.8-cM interval on human chromosome 22q13-qter (refs 1,2). Because several other SCA subtypes show trinucleotide repeat expansions, we examined microsatellites in this region. We ...
Mukerji M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of GAA repeats in the frataxin gene. We have carried out the first molecular analysis at the Friedreich's ataxia locus in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three families clinically diagnosed for Friedreich's ataxia were analyzed for ...
Ginzinger D G - - 2000
This report describes the development and validation of quantitative microsatellite analysis (QuMA) for rapid measurement of relative DNA sequence copy number. In QuMA, the copy number of a test locus relative to a pooled reference is assessed using quantitative, real-time PCR amplification of loci carrying simple sequence repeats. Use of ...
Watanabe M - - 2000
A 49-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of dysarthria and involuntary movements of his neck and extremities. He had first begun to experience involuntary neck movements at the age of 40 and his symptoms gradually progressed thereafter. There was no family history of neurological disorders. On admission he ...
Moseley M L - - 2000
We recently described an untranslated CTG expansion that causes a previously undescribed form of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA8). The SCA8 CTG repeat is preceded by a polymorphic but stable CTA tract, with the configuration (CTA)(1-21)(CTG)(n). The CTG portion of the repeat is elongated on pathogenic alleles, which nearly always change in ...
Poon P M - - 2000
The number of trinucleotide CGG repeats at the 5' untranslated region of the FMR1 gene is associated with the fragile X syndrome of mental retardation. We screened for the CGG repeat length in the FMR1 gene of the X-chromosomes from unrelated normal Chinese subjects recruited in Hong Kong and Dalian, ...
Pramanik S - - 2000
We have analysed the distribution of CAG and adjacent polymorphic CCG repeats in the Huntingtin gene in 28 clinically diagnosed unrelated Huntington's disease (HD) patients and in normal individuals belonging to different ethnic groups of India. The range of expanded CAG repeats in HD patients varied from 41 to 56 ...
Butcher R D - - 2000
Nine genomic libraries of the parthenogenetic wasp Venturia canescens were screened for microsatellite loci. In contrast to other Hymenoptera (GT)n and not (CT)n, was the predominant repeat category found with 14 kb and 28 kb genomic DNA between loci, respectively. Mono- and trinucleotide microsatellites were rarer, occurring at frequencies between ...
Pascual M - - 2000
We isolated 96 dinucleotide repeats with five or more tandemly repeated units from a subgenomic Drosophila subobscura library. The mean repeat unit length of microsatellite clones in D. subobscura is 15, higher than that observed in other Drosophila species. Population variation was assayed in 32-40 chromosomes from Barcelona, Spain, using ...
Richard G F - - 2000
It is widely accepted that the large trinucleotide repeat expansions observed in many neurological diseases occur during replication. However, genetic recombination has emerged as a major source of instability for tandem repeats, including minisatellites, and recent studies raise the possibility that it may also be responsible for trinucleotide repeat expansions. ...
Manuck S B - - 2000
This study presents preliminary evidence of an association between polymorphic variation in the gene for monoamine oxidase-A (MAOA) and interindividual variability in aggressiveness, impulsivity and central nervous system (CNS) serotonergic responsivity. An apparently functional 30-bp VNTR in the promoter region of the X-chromosomal MAOA gene (MAOA-uVNTR), as well as a ...
Duraisingh M T - - 2000
Chloroquine-resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is associated with polymorphisms in a locus on or near the cg2 gene on chromosome 7, and in the pfmdr1 gene on chromosome 5. In this study we typed P. falciparum DNA from uncomplicated malaria cases in The Gambia in 1990, 1995 and 1996 for size ...
Harr B - - 2000
Microsatellites are tandem repetitions of short (1-6 bp) motifs. It is widely assumed that microsatellites degenerate through the accumulation of base substitutions in the repeat array. Using a phylogenetic framework, we studied the evolutionary dynamics of interruptions in three Drosophila microsatellite loci. For all three loci, we show that the ...
Park H S - - 2000
Subtelomeric regions have been a target of structural and functional studies of human chromosomes. Markers having a defined structure are especially useful to such studies. Here, we report 93 bp tandem repeat sequences found in the subtelomeric region of human chromosome 21q. They were also detected in the telomeric region ...
Khasa P D - - 2000
Microsatellite loci or simple sequence repeat loci (SSRs) were isolated in alpine larch (Larix lyallii Parl.) and western larch (Larix occidentalis Nutt.). In total, 14 SSR loci were characterized; two [(TCT)4, A7] came from published Larix DNA sequence data, one (CA)17 was obtained from a partial non-enriched alpine larch total ...
Basu P - - 2000
To identify various subtypes of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) among 57 unrelated individuals clinically diagnosed as ataxia patients we analysed the SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, SCA6, SCA7 and DRPLA loci for expansion of CAG repeats. We detected CAG repeat expansion in 6 patients (10.5%) at the SCA1 locus. Ten of the 57 ...
Aguiar J - - 2000
Six different domains of CAG repeats from a human chromosome 12 specific cosmid library were identified, cloned, and sequenced. These CAG repeat domains were localized into the human chromosomic region 12q24.1. Five of them constitute repeat candidates for expansions in autosomal dominant neurological disorders with genetic anticipation, and they can ...
Yu L M - - 2000
A mutant embryonal carcinoma cell line, NR1-6, was established subsequent to retroviral insertion. The insertion was shown to be causative for a number of aberrant properties associated with the mutant cells. Analysis of >17 kb of the insertion site flanking region failed to reveal any homology between this locus and ...
Kogan G L - - 2000
Here we report the peculiarities of molecular evolution and divergence of paralogous heterochromatic clusters of the testis- expressed X-linked Stellate and Y-linked Su(Ste) tandem repeats. It was suggested that Stellate and Su(Ste) clusters affecting male fertility are the amplified derivatives of the unique euchromatic gene betaCK2tes encoding the putative testis-specific ...
Howell N - - 2000
In the genealogical and phylogenetic analyses that are reported here, we obtained evidence for an unusual pattern of mutation/reversion in the human mitochondrial genome. The cumulative results indicate that, when there is a T-->C polymorphism at nt 16189 and a C-->T substitution at nt 16192, there is an extremely high ...
Rodrigues N R - - 2000
We have identified Ngef as a novel member of the family of Dbl genes. Many members of this family have been shown to function as guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the Rho-type GTPases. Ngef is predominantly expressed in brain, with the strongest signal in the caudate nucleus, a region associated ...
Ogawa S - - 2000
Chromosomal mapping of the human estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) reveals that ERbeta is located at human chromosome 14, region q23-24.1, where the aberration of DNA copy number in the bone disorders is frequently involved. Then, we investigated the association between dinucleotide (cytosine-adenine; CA) ...
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