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Tamanna Anwar - - 2005
Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are becoming standard DNA markers for plant genome analysis and are being used as markers in marker assisted breeding. And hence because of its great significance we have initiated this study to analyze complete genome of Arabidopsis thaliana for the prevalence of mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, ...
Coullin Philippe - - 2005
Chicken repeat 1 (CR1) belongs to the non-long repeat class of retrotransposons. Nearly 100000 repeats interspersed in the chicken genome are subdivided into at least six distinct subfamilies, each 300 bp long and all sharing substantial sequence similarity. CR1-like elements were found in genomes from invertebrates to mammals, suggesting their ...
Hughes Austin L - - 2005
Birds have smaller average genome sizes than other tetrapod classes, and it has been proposed that a relatively low frequency of repeating DNA is one factor in reduction of avian genome sizes. DNA repeat arrays in the sequenced portion of the chicken (Gallus gallus) autosomes were quantified and compared with ...
Terao Kenichi - - 2005
We determined the structures of long (L)-wavelength-sensitive and middle (M)-wavelength-sensitive opsin gene array of 58 male chimpanzees and we investigated relative sensitivity to red and green lights by electroretinogram flicker photometry. One subject had protanomalous color vision, while others had normal color vision. Unlike in humans, a polymorphic difference in ...
Provençal Nadine - - 2004
The anticipation phenomenon, described as either an increase in disease severity, a decrease in age at onset, or both, in successive generations, has been suggested as a possibility of genetic transmission for bipolar affective disorder. We report here investigation of the stability of intergenerational transmission of a variable number tandem ...
Reinhardt Didier - - 2005
Leaves are arranged according to regular patterns, a phenomenon referred to as phyllotaxis. Important determinants of phyllotaxis are the divergence angle between successive leaves, and the size of the leaves relative to the shoot axis. Young leaf primordia are thought to provide positional information to the meristem, thereby influencing the ...
Margolis Russell L - - 2004
Huntington's Disease-like 2 (HDL2) is a progressive, autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative disorder with marked clinical and pathological similarities to Huntington's disease (HD). The causal mutation is a CTG/CAG expansion mutation on chromosome 16q24.3, in a variably spliced exon of junctophilin-3. The frequency of HDL2 was determined in nine independent series of ...
Freudenreich Catherine H - - 2004
Expansion of trinucleotide repeat sequences is the cause of multiple inherited human genetic diseases including Huntington's disease and myotonic dystrophy. CTG and CAG repeats have been shown to form stable secondary structures that can impair Okazaki fragment processing and may impede replication fork progression. We recently showed that mutation of ...
Aschim Elin L - - 2004
Although sufficient androgen receptor (AR) function is crucial for normal male sexual differentiation, single-point mutations in the AR gene are infrequent in the two most common male congenital malformations, hypospadias and cryptorchidism. Because polymorphic CAG and GGN segments regulate AR function, we investigated whether there was any association between these ...
Hasan Mohammed A - - 2004
In this paper we outline an experiment in which seven subjects attempted to tap in synchrony with a pacing stimulus with the interstimulus interval that varied in a cycle (T,T+dT,T, T-dT) repeating every fourth interval, where T represents an unexpected step change of an interstimulus interval. Conditions included three levels ...
Gallegos Rafael Martínez - - 2004
Variable nucleotide tandem repeats (VNTR) Int13, Int22, and St14 were analyzed to determine polymorphic distribution in normal individuals from Mexico's central region and their efficacy in detecting hemophilia A carriers. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out on 166 X chromosomes from unrelated Mexicans, and the same method was applied ...
Zhang Yun-Wu - - 2004
The upstream regulatory region of the human thymidylate synthase gene (thymidylate synthase enhancer region, TSER) is length polymorphic, attributable to variable numbers of tandemly repeated copies of a 28-bp fragment. It has been found that TSER length polymorphism is correlated to malignancy risk. To further our understanding of the origin ...
Gupta P K - - 2004
Von Willebrand's disease (vWD) is an inherited bleeding disorder, caused by a defect of von Willebrand's factor (vWF), a multimeric high molecular weight glycoprotein. It is sub-characterised into types 1, 2 and 3 vWD depending on quantitative or qualitative defect of vWF. Prenatal diagnosis and carrier detection are often sought ...
Hudson D E - - 2004
Uncoupling protein 3 is believed to be involved in total body energy expenditure, including the regulation of fat and glucose metabolism. These biochemical processes may distinguish top ultra-endurance triathletes from slower competitors. The aim of this study was to determine whether the uncoupling protein 3 gene is associated with the ...
Adawy Sami S M - - 2004
Fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses were conducted to examine the presence or absence of the 180- and 350-bp knob-associated tandem repeats in maize strains previously defined as "one-knob" or "knobless." Multiple loci were found to hybridize to these two repeats in all maize lines analyzed. Our results show that the ...
Leh-Louis Véronique - - 2004
The influence of duplicated sequences on chromosomal stability is poorly understood. To characterize chromosomal rearrangements involving duplicated sequences, we compared the organization of tandem repeats of the DUP240 gene family in 15 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains of various origins. The DUP240 gene family consists of 10 members of unknown function in ...
Das Birajalaxmi - - 2004
Molecular genetic polymorphism study was undertaken in two endogamous ethnic groups of Maharashtra in Western India at two microsatellites i.e., TPO, a tetranucleotide repeat locus and CD4, a pentanucleotide repeat locus. The two ethnic groups studied were Konkanastha Brahmins and Marathas belonging to Indo-European language family. Eighty-two random, unrelated individuals ...
Mendlewicz Julien - - 2004
The purpose of the present study was to further test if expanded CAG repeats detected by the repeat expansion detection (RED) method in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) are correlated with ERDA1 (17q21.3) and/or CTG18.1 (18q21.1) loci expansions, and changes of phenotype severity in successive generations (anticipation). The sample was designed ...
Das Birajalaxmi - - 2004
Molecular genetic polymorphism study was undertaken in two tribal population groups of India at two tetranucleotide repeat loci on chromosome 12 (D12S66 and D12S67). The two tribal groups studied were Bison Horn Maria and Muria, belonging to Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. For this study, 75 random, ...
Kayser Manfred - - 2004
We have screened the nearly complete DNA sequence of the human Y chromosome for microsatellites (short tandem repeats) that meet the criteria of having a repeat-unit size of > or = 3 and a repeat count of > or = 8 and thus are likely to be easy to genotype ...
Iwaguchi Shin-Ichi - - 2004
Electrophoretic karyotype studies have shown that clinical isolates of Candida albicans have extensive chromosome length polymorphisms. Chromosome translocation is one of the causes of karyotypic variation. Chromosome translocation events have been shown to occur very frequently at or near the major repeat sequence (MRS) on chromosomes. The MRS consists of ...
Chattopadhyay B - - 2004
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the most common type of ataxia worldwide, is an autosomal recessive disease. Homozygous expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the frataxin gene constitute the major type of mutation that causes the disease. The prevalence of FRDA in diverse ethnic populations of India has not ...
Ghobadloo Shahrokh Mohammadzadeh - - 2004
We investigated glutathione S-transferase (GST) P1 Ile (105) Val, T1, and M1 polymorphisms in 45 patients with documented cryptogenic cirrhosis and 56 healthy control subjects. Polymerase chain reaction-based procedures were performed in the studied populations to confirm the genotypes of GSTT1, M1, and P1. Ile/Val and Val/Val GSTP1 genotypes were ...
Rogers A S - - 2004
The length of the Thr-Gly repeat within the period gene of Drosophilids, coevolves with its immediate flanking region to maintain the temperature compensation of the fly circadian clock. In Drosophila simulans, balancing selection appears to maintain a polymorphism in this region, with three repeat lengths carrying 23, 24 or 25 ...
Bélot Frédéric - - 2004
The D'A'B'(E')C'DAB(E)C decasaccharide representative of a dimer of a frame-shifted pentasaccharide repeating unit of the O-specific polysaccharide of Shigella flexneri 2a was synthesized as its methyl glycoside by condensing a pentasaccharide donor (D'A'B'(E')C') and a pentasaccharide acceptor (DAB(E)C-OMe). Several convergent routes to these two building blocks, involving either the AB ...
Taneda Akito - - 2004
MOTIVATION: Repetitive DNA sequences are abundant in genomes and efficient mining of significant repeats is important as the first step of repetitive sequence research. Although many computational tools for the purpose, either automatic or visualization ones, have been developed, detection and analysis of approximate repeats are still non-trivial task. RESULTS: ...
Bugrov A G - - 2004
FISH analysis of B chromosome repetitive DNA distribution in A and B chromosomes of two subspecies of Podisma sapporensis (P. s. sapporensis and P. s. krylonensis) was performed. In the B chromosomes, C-positive regions contained homologous DNA repeats present also in some C-positive A chromosome regions. Most C-negative regions contained ...
Leach C R - - 2004
This review presents a historical account of studies of B chromosomes in the genus Brachycome Cass. (synonym: Brachyscome) from the earliest cytological investigations carried out in the late 1960s though to the most recent molecular analyses. Molecular analyses provide insights into the origin and evolution of the B chromosomes (Bs) ...
Mochmann Liliana H - - 2004
The genetic instability of (GAC*GTC)n (where n = 6-74) was investigated in an Escherichia coli-based plasmid system. Prior work implicated the instability of a (GAC*GTC)5 tract in the cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) gene to the 4, 6 or 7mers in the etiology of pseudoachondroplasia and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia. The ...
Das Birajalaxmi - - 2004
We have studied the DNA polymorphism at DYS385, a Y-chromosomal tetranucleotide repeat locus among five anthropologically distinct ethnic groups of Kerala state in Southern West India. The ethnic groups were Ezhavas, Muslims, Nairs, Arayas and Thandans and they speak "Malayalam." an Indo-Dravidian language. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 72 ...
Piñeiro Elisabeth - - 2003
The molecular basis of the myotonic dystrophy type 1 is the expansion of a CTG repeat at the DMPK locus. The expanded disease-associated repeats are unstable in both somatic and germ lines, with a high tendency towards expansion. The rate of expansion is directly related to the size of the ...
Boutlis Craig S - - 2003
Polymorphisms in the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS2) promoter have been associated with clinical outcome from malaria. These include a CCTTT repeat (CCTTTn) 2.5 kilobases upstream from the NOS2 transcription start site, and two single nucleotide substitutions: G-->C at position -954 (G-954C), and C-->T at position -1173 (C-1173T). Although ...
Friedli Marc - - 2003
Five members of the newly identified chloride intracellular channel (CLIC) gene family of intracellular chloride channels (CLIC1-CLIC5) have previously been described in humans. Here we report the molecular cloning and initial characterisation of two splice forms of a novel member of this family, CLIC6, mapping to human chromosome 21. Two ...
Stopkova Pavla - - 2003
Lithium is a potent noncompetitive inhibitor of inositol monophosphatases, enzymes involved in phosphoinositide (PI) and inositol phosphate metabolism. A critical component of the PI pathway is phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)), which is hydrolyzed to second messengers and has a direct role in synaptic vesicle function. Interestingly, a number of genes involved ...
Conde J - - 2003
Single stranded chains of biological DNA show a widespread occurrence of parity for complementary nucleotides, i.e., A=T, G=C. This has been referred to as A-T, G-C symmetry. A distinction must be made between this, which this paper calls mirror symmetry, and twofold symmetry, where complementary nucleotide parity occurs between two ...
Brown Karen S - - 2004
Thymidylate synthase (TYMS) and 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) may compete for their common cofactor 5,10-methylenetetrahyhdrofolate (5,10-meTHF). Limiting 5,10-meTHF results in elevated homocysteine, especially in individuals homozygous for the T allele of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism. The TYMS gene has a tandem repeat polymorphism (two repeats or three repeats, designated 2R or ...
Astolfi Paola - - 2003
In the aim to assess whether the tri-repeat shortage reported in vertebrates affects specific motifs, such as those causing neuromuscular diseases in man, we detected approximate di-, tri- and tetra-repeats (STR) longer than 25 bases in human chromosomes 21 and 22, and in some model organisms (M. musculus, D. melanogaster, ...
Hashimoto Takao - - 2003
We report on a family with ataxia type 6 (SCA6) showing peculiar oculomotor symptoms. The proband presented with periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN), and her 2 brothers had rebound nystagmus and gaze-evoked nystagmus. They carried the identical mutation (the number of expanded CAG repeat, 24) in the CACNA1A gene. The intrafamilial ...
Dieringer Daniel - - 2003
We surveyed microsatellite distribution in 10 completely sequenced genomes. Using a permutation-based statistic, we assessed for all 10 genomes whether the microsatellite distribution significantly differed from expectations. Consistent with previous reports, we observed a highly significant excess of long microsatellites. Focusing on short microsatellites containing only a few repeat units, ...
Hutchison Kent E - - 2003
Separate investigations have suggested that olanzapine, a D4 antagonist, decreases craving after a priming dose of alcohol and that the DRD4 variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism influences the expression of craving after a priming dose of alcohol. The present study tested the hypothesis that olanzapine may be differentially ...
Iwasa Mineo - - 2003
Reported are 2 autopsy cases in which Y-chromosomal microsatellite short tandem repeats DYS19, DYS389I and II, DYS390, and DYS393 could be haplotyped with vaginal swabs by using a Chelex 100-based DNA extraction method and dual-round polymerase chain reaction. The extraction of DNA from vaginal swabs by using this method was ...
Hollox E J - - 2003
Using a combination of multiplex amplifiable probe hybridization and semiquantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (SQ-FISH), we analyzed DNA copy number variation across chromosome band 8p23.1, a region that is frequently involved in chromosomal rearrangements. We show that a cluster of at least three antimicrobial beta-defensin genes (DEFB4, DEFB103, and DEFB104) ...
Achaz Guillaume - - 2003
The stability of the structure of bacterial genomes is challenged by recombination events. Since major rearrangements (i.e., inversions) are thought to frequently operate by homologous recombination between inverted repeats, we analyzed the presence and distribution of such repeats in bacterial genomes and their relation to the conservation of chromosomal structure. ...
Ibáñez Lourdes - - 2003
Ovarian hyperandrogenism, a key feature of polycystic ovary syndrome, is preceded by precocious pubarche (PP) (pubic hair < 8 yr) in some populations. We hypothesized that this earlier presentation may relate to increased androgen sensitivity, indicated by androgen receptor gene CAG repeat length. This polymorphism was genotyped in 181 Barcelona ...
Jin Zheng-Bin - - 2003
The present study analyses the human Y-chromosome minisatellite locus, MSY1 (DYF155S1), in 205 Japanese males of 191 pedigrees using the minisatellite variant repeat (MVR) mapping system. The internal haploid structures of the detected alleles considerably varied and consisted of three major repeat units: types 2, 3 and 4. A comparison ...
Bastien D - - 2003
A mosaic minisatellite region has been identified in the mitochondrial genome of Norway spruce (Picea abies). The array was composed of three tandem repeats PaTR1 (32 bp), PaTR2a (26 bp) and PaTR2b (26 bp). PaTR2a and PaTR2b differed by one base substitution. The analysis of 92 trees covering the whole ...
Vouillamoz J - - 2003
Ancient and closely related grape cultivars from the Alps were analyzed with 50 microsatellite markers: 'Cornalin', 'Humagne Rouge' and 'Goron' from Valais (Switzerland); 'Cornalin', 'Petit Rouge' and 'Mayolet' from the Aosta Valley (Italy). Our results confirmed previous studies showing that the 'Cornalin' cultivars from Switzerland and Italy are distinct, and ...
Keltikangas-Järvinen Liisa - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Mixed results have been reported on the association between the type 4 dopamine receptor gene (DRD4) and the temperament dimension of novelty seeking. We tested this association by specifying the analysis to components of novelty seeking. METHODS: Participants were 150 high and low novelty-seeking scorers (the highest and lowest ...
Subramanian Subbaya - - 2003
Bkm (Banded krait minor) satellite DNA sequences (GATA repeats) have been shown to be associated with the sex determining chromosomes of various eukaryotes and have been implicated in the evolution and differentiation of sex chromosomes in snakes. The objective of the study is to analyze the GATA repeats of human ...
Zitzmann Michael - - 2003
The androgen testosterone and its metabolite dihydrotestosterone exert their effects on gene expression and thus effect maleness via the androgen receptor (AR). A diverse range of clinical conditions starting with complete androgen insensitivity has been correlated with mutations in the AR. Subtle modulations of the transcriptional activity induced by the ...
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