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Wu Choi-Ping Paula - - 2008
Current DNA compression algorithms work by finding similar repeated regions within the DNA sequence and then encoding these regions together to achieve compression. Our study on chromosome sequence similarity reveals that the length of similar repeated regions within one chromosome is about 4.5% of the total sequence length. The compression ...
Lamm Ehud - - 2008
Richard Goldschmidt famously rejected the notion of atomic and corpuscular genes, arranged on the chromosome like beads-on-a-string. I provide an exegesis of Goldschmidt's intuition by analyzing his repeated and extensive use of metaphorical language and analogies in his attempts to convey his notion of the nature of the genetic material ...
Ikeda Yoshio - - 2008
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8) is a dominantly inherited, slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CTG.CAG repeat expansion located on chromosome 13q21. The expansion mutation was isolated directly from the DNA of a single patient using RAPID cloning and subsequently shown to co-segregate with disease in additional ataxia families ...
Balestre M - - 2008
The present study compared different similarity and dissimilarity coefficients and their influence in maize inbred line clustering. Ninety maize S0:1 inbred lines were used and genotyped with 25 microsatellite markers (simple sequence repeat). The simple matching, Rogers and Tanimoto, Russel and Rao, Hamann, Jaccard, Sorensen-Dice, Ochiai, and Roger's modified distance ...
Rajender Singh - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the role of CAG and GGN repeats as genetic background affecting androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) phenotype. METHODS: We analyzed lengths of androgen receptor (AR)-CAG and GGN repeats in 69 AIS cases, along with 136 unrelated normal male individuals. The lengths of repeats were analyzed using polymerase chain ...
Ehlers Cindy L - - 2007
Impulsivity is a personality trait characterized by acting suddenly in an unplanned manner in order to satisfy a desire without consideration for the consequences of such behavior. There are several psychiatric disorders that include the term impulsivity as a criterion and, therefore, it has been suggested that impulsivity may be ...
Gao Rui R Department of Neurology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0653, - - 2008
Trinucleotide repeat expansions are dynamic mutations causing many neurological disorders, and their instability is influenced by multiple factors. Repeat configuration seems particularly important, and pure repeats are thought to be more unstable than interrupted repeats. But direct evidence is still lacking. Here, we presented strong support for this hypothesis from ...
Valadares Helder Magno Silva - - 2008
The investigation of the importance of the genetics of Trypanosoma cruzi in determining the clinical course of Chagas disease will depend on precise characterisation of the parasites present in the tissue lesions. This can be adequately accomplished by the use of hypervariable nuclear markers such as microsatellites. However the unilocal ...
Bardien Soraya - - 2007
Huntington disease-like 2 (HDL2) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion of a CTG repeat in the junctophilin-3 gene (JPH3). A limited number of HDL2 families have been reported, all of apparently Black African ancestry. We report on a South African family that presented with progressive dementia and a ...
Acton R T - - 2007
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a result of a CTG expansion in the 3'-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. DM1 is rare among African blacks who have fewer large CTG repeats in the normal range than other racial/ethnic groups. Neither the prevalence of DM1 nor the relationship of CTG ...
Grenouillet Frédéric - - 2007
A multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) using six microsatellite markers was assessed in 127 Candida glabrata isolates. Thirty-seven different genotypes, stable both in vitro and in vivo, were observed. The highest discriminatory power (D = 0.902) was reached by using only four markers. MLVA seems to be relevant for C. ...
Rocha Rosana O - - 2008
Women with 21-hydroxylase deficiency present much variability in external genitalia virilization, even among those with similar impairments of 21-hydroxylase (21OH) activity. To evaluate if the number of CAG (nCAG) repeats of the androgen receptor gene influences the degree of external genitalia virilization in women with CYP21A2 mutations, grouped according to ...
Morovvati Saeid - - 2008
Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor, cognitive, and psychiatric symptoms. The molecular basis of the disease is the expansion of the trinucleotide CAG in the first exon of a gene on chromosome four (4p 16.3). There is another triplet sequence, a CCG repeat, ...
Myres Natalie M - - 2007
AIM: To determine the human Y-chromosome haplogroup backgrounds of non-consensus DYS458.2 short tandem repeat alleles and evaluate their phylogenetic substructure and frequency in representative samples from the Middle East, Europe, and Pakistan. METHODS: Molecular characterization of lineages was achieved using a combination of Y-chromosome haplogroup defining binary polymorphisms and up ...
Guerrini R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: ARX is a paired-type homeobox gene located on the X chromosome that contains five exons with four polyalanine (PolyA) tracts, a homeodomain, and a conserved C-terminal aristaless domain. Studies in humans have demonstrated remarkable pleiotropy: malformation phenotypes are associated with protein truncation mutations and missense mutations in the homeobox; ...
Wheeler V C VC Molecular Neurogenetics Unit, Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2007
The Huntington disease (HD) CAG repeat exhibits dramatic instability when transmitted to subsequent generations. The instability of the HD disease allele in male intergenerational transmissions is reflected in the variability of the CAG repeat in DNA from the sperm of male carriers of the HD gene. In this study, we ...
Magee B B - - 2008
Candida dubliniensis and Candida albicans, the most common human fungal pathogen, have most of the same genes and high sequence similarity, but C. dubliniensis is less virulent. C. albicans causes both mucosal and hematogenously disseminated disease, C. dubliniensis mostly mucosal infections. Pulse-field electrophoresis, genomic restriction enzyme digests, Southern blotting, and ...
Wang Wei - - 2007
Formaldehyde, a potential human nasal carcinogen, has been reported to induce DNA lesions. However, the effect of formaldehyde on microsatellite instability has not previously been reported. Plasmids containing different lengths of complementary (ApC)(n) or (GpT)(n) dinucleotide repeats on the leading strand were constructed to investigate whether the mutagenesis by formaldehyde ...
Bogdanis Gregory C - - 2007
This study examined the effects of two resistive loads on fatigue during repeated sprints in children. Twelve 11.8 (0.2) year old boys performed a force-velocity test to determine the load (Fopt) corresponding to the optimal pedal rate. On two separate occasions, ten 6-s sprints interspersed with 24-s recovery intervals were ...
Huang Feng-Ting - - 2007
The mechanism by which the cytidine deaminase activation-induced deaminase (AID) acts at immunoglobulin heavy-chain class switch regions during mammalian class switch recombination (CSR) remains unclear. R-loops have been proposed as a basis for this targeting. Here, we show that the difference between various forms of the Smu locus that can ...
Sobti Ranbir Chander - - 2007
XRCC1 (X-ray cross-complementing group 1) codon 399 and ERCC2 (excision repair cross-complementing group 2) codon 751 polymorphisms were studied in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESQCC) in a North Indian population. Peripheral blood samples of 120 cases and 160 age-and-gender matching controls were collected from North India and the two polymorphisms ...
Emonts Marieke - - 2007
Staphylococcus aureus produces compounds that interfere with complement deposition. We hypothesized that humans have developed countermeasures to staphylococcal complement evasion and we screened for single nucleotide polymorphisms in the serine protease C1 inhibitor (C1INH) gene at amino acid position 480 (valine vs. methionine) and nasal carriage of S. aureus. In ...
Laura Vallo - - 2007
Repeat instability is an important form of mutation that is responsible for several neurological, neurodegenerative and neuromuscular disorders. In this study we identified an unstable [CCTG](n) repeat in the second intron of the ZNF291 gene, on chromosome 15q21-24. The repeat number is polymorphic in normal population and the ZNF291 transcript ...
Mouton Laurence - - 2007
Variable-number tandem repeats (VNTRs) have been identified in populations of Pasteuria ramosa, a castrating endobacterium of Daphnia species. The allelic polymorphisms at 14 loci in laboratory and geographically diverse soil samples showed that VNTRs may serve as biomarkers for the genetic characterization of P. ramosa isolates.
Lee Su-Jun - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Retinoic acid (RA) is a critical regulator of gene expression during embryonic development and in the maintenance of adult epithelial tissues. This study was undertaken to identify genetic polymorphisms of CYP26A1 which might affect these processes. We sequenced CYP26A1 in racially diverse individuals and assessed the metabolism of retinoic ...
Kent Rebekah J RJ The W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2007
Genetic mutations controlling eye color, fat body color, structural abnormalities, and insecticide resistance are common in mosquitoes. We have identified a novel color variant of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus characterized by a heavily pigmented integument in adult specimens circulating in field populations of this species in southern Zambia. Mosquitoes were collected ...
Firouzabadi Farhad Nazarian - - 2007
This study investigates whether it is possible to produce an amylose-free potato starch by displacing the amylose enzyme, granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI), from the starch granule by engineered, high-affinity, multiple-repeat family 20 starch-binding domains (SBD2, SBD3, SBD4, and SBD5). The constructs were introduced in the amylose-containing potato cultivar (cv. ...
Vreeburg M - - 2007
Oculo-dento-digital dysplasia (ODDD, OMIM no.164210) is a pleiotropic disorder caused by mutations in the GJA1 gene that codes for the gap junction protein connexin 43. While the gene is highly expressed in skin, ODDD is usually not associated with skin symptoms. We recently described a family with ODDD and palmoplantar ...
Larkan Nicholas J - - 2007
Our research aims to investigate the molecular communication between land plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in the establishment of symbiosis. We have identified a mutation in the facultative AM host tomato, which we named rmc. Plants that are homozygous for rmc no longer host most AM fungi. The mutation ...
Babcock Melanie - - 2007
Low copy repeats (LCRs; segmental duplications) constitute approximately 5% of the sequenced human genome. Nonallelic homologous recombination events between LCRs during meiosis can lead to chromosomal rearrangements responsible for many genomic disorders. The 22q11.2 region is susceptible to recurrent and nonrecurrent deletions, duplications as well as translocations that are mediated ...
Ling King-Hwa KH Malaysia Genome Institute, UKM-MTDC Smart Technology Centre, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor DE, - - 2007
Eimeria tenella is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects the intestinal tracts of domestic fowl and causes coccidiosis, a serious and sometimes lethal enteritis. Eimeria falls in the same phylum (Apicomplexa) as several human and animal parasites such as Cryptosporidium, Toxoplasma, and the malaria parasite, Plasmodium. Here we report the ...
Tursen Umit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Although the etiopathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD) remains unknown, increased neutrophil functions such as chemotaxis, phagocytosis and excessive production of reactive oxygen species, including superoxide anion, may be responsible for the oxidative tissue damage observed in BD. Cytochrome P-450 are a multigene family of enzymes involved in the detoxification ...
Luciano M - - 2007
The expansion of unstable trinucleotide CAG repeat polymorphisms of a number of genes causes several neurodegenerative disorders with decreased cognitive function, the severity of the disorder being related to allele length at the triplet repeat locus. While the effects of repeat length have been well studied in clinical samples, there ...
Bonhomme François F Biologie Intégrative, ISEM CNRS Université de Montpellier 2 UMR 5554, Montpellier 34095, France. - - 2007
Four hypervariable minisatellite loci were scored on a panel of 116 individuals of various geographical origins representing a large part of the diversity present in house mouse subspecies. Internal structures of alleles were determined by minisatellite variant repeat mapping PCR to produce maps of intermingled patterns of variant repeats along ...
Patiño-García Brenda - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a worldwide health issue, because of its high incidence and mortality. Its etiology is complex and includes certain risk factors such as age, hormonal status, ethnic origin and family history of PCa. Genetic predisposition is proposed as a major risk factor and there are several ...
Rossi Monica - - 2007
The homologous 4q and 10q subtelomeric regions include two distinctive polymorphic arrays of 3.3 kb repeats, named D4Z4. An additional BlnI restriction site on the 10q-type sequence allows to distinguish the chromosomal origin of the repeats. Reduction in the number of D4Z4 repeats below a threshold of 10 at the ...
Cuadrado A - - 2007
Two simple sequence repeats (SSRs), AG and AC, were mapped directly in the metaphase chromosomes of man and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and in the metaphase and polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster. To this end, synthetic oligonucleotides corresponding to (AG)(12) and (AC)(8) were labelled by the random primer technique and ...
Lobachev Kirill S - - 2007
Chromosomes of many eukaryotic organisms including humans contain a large number of repetitive sequences. Several types of commonly present DNA repeats have the capacity to adopt hairpin and cruciform secondary structures. Inverted repeats, AT- and GC-rich micro- and minisatellites, comprising this class of sequence motifs, are frequently found in chromosomal ...
Antunes Agostinho - - 2007
Translocation of mtDNA into the nuclear genome, also referred to as numt, was first reported in the domestic cat (Felis catus) by Lopez et al. (1994). The Lopez-numt consisted of a translocation of 7.9 kbp of mtDNA that inserted into the domestic cat chromosome D2 around 1.8 million years ago. ...
Arai Hiroko - - 2007
The expansion of polyalanine repeats is known to cause at least nine disorders, including congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS). Unequal crossover has been speculated as the expanding mechanism, in contrast to strand slippage in polyglutamine expansion disorders. We carried out segregation analysis of PHOX2B in 13 de novo families with ...
Cuadrado Angeles - - 2007
This paper is the first to report the long-range organization of all possible classes of trinucleotide motifs in a higher plant genome. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), employing the synthetic oligonucleotides (AAC)5, (AAG)5, (AAT)5, (AGG)5, (CAC)5, (CAT)5, (CAG)5, (ACT)5, (ACG)5 and (GCC)5, was used to characterize the nonrandom and motif-dependent ...
Kucharczyk-Foltyn Aneta - - 2007
Brugada syndrome is electrocardiographically characterised by ST segment elevation in right precordial leads and the occurrence of episodes of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. It is also associated with a high risk of sudden death, which may be the first manifestation of the disease. Various mutations of SCN5A gene encoding for the ...
Drögemüller Cord - - 2007
Coat color dilution in several breeds of dog is characterized by a specific pigmentation phenotype and sometimes accompanied by hair loss and recurrent skin inflammation, the so-called color dilution alopecia or black hair follicular dysplasia. Coat color dilution (d) is inherited as a Mendelian autosomal recessive trait. In a previous ...
Gibran S K - - 2007
To report the findings in a patient treated by repeated intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) injections, followed by macular relocation and excision of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membrane (CNV). Histopathological evaluation of the CNV specimen, including immunohistochemical assessment. During surgical excision, the CNV seemed to be avascular and its underlying bed did not ...
Cadoni Gabriella - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the association between glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphisms and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in a population of consecutive Italian patients. Assuming that reactive oxygen species formation may play a role in inner ear damage, we investigated whether profiles of GSTs antioxidant enzymes M1 and T1 genotypes ...
Chai Wenxia - - 2006
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in subjects with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is variable, suggesting a role for modifying factors. Here, we determined whether aldosterone modulates hypertrophy in HCM. Cardiac and/or plasma aldosterone were measured in organ donors and HCM patients. The effect of the aldosterone synthase ( CYP11B2 ) C-344T polymorphism ...
Slack Andrew - - 2006
In this study, an improved multiple-locus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) method based upon a previously published method is described. Improvements to the method included redesigned primers and PCR conditions, combined with pooled capillary electrophoresis using multicolored dyes. Allele sizes were converted into an allele string, and each ...
Esparza Mireia - - 2006
The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of inbreeding calculated from isonymy with its random (Fr) and nonrandom (Fn) components, and repeated pairs of surnames (RP2) and their random component (RP2r) in the Ebro River Delta region (Tarragona, Spain). This region is made up of four parishes, ...
Linnebank Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA IMT) is a predictor of stroke. This study aimed to analyze whether homocysteine (Hcys) metabolism influences CCA IMT. METHODS: We analyzed the association of personal, clinical, and biochemical data (multivariate analysis) and of 9 polymorphisms involved in Hcys metabolism (ANOVA) with ...
Clark Rhonda M RM Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2007
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is caused by homozygosity for FXN alleles containing an expanded GAA triplet-repeat (GAA-TR) sequence. Patients have progressive neurodegeneration of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and in later stages the cerebellum may be involved. The expanded GAA-TR sequence is unstable in somatic cells in vivo, and although the ...
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