Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 690
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Takaesu N - - 1992
D21S112 is a highly polymorphic marker on the long arm of chromosome 21. Our analysis of this locus indicated the presence of three VNTR systems. We estimated the heterozygosity of each system and sequenced one of the repetitive regions. Utilizing PCR, we demonstrated that the sequenced VNTR is responsible for ...
Iles D E - - 1992
Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) is a potentially lethal, hereditary disorder of skeletal muscle that may be triggered by inhalation anesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants. Defects in the gene encoding the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) localized on human chromosome 19q13.1 have been proposed to be responsible for MHS. Using a chromosome 19-specific ...
Davies J - - 1992
Gene amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out on DNA samples from a total of 92 normal subjects and 52 subjects with myotonic dystrophy (DM) from European and Japanese populations, to determine the copy number of the CTG repeat associated with DM for each group. In the two ...
Swisshelm K - - 1992
Human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA-immortalized human mammary epithelial cells may provide a model system for studying the molecular basis of immortalization and its role in breast neoplasia. Cytogenetic analyses were performed on clones derived from HPV 16- and HPV 18-immortalized human mammary epithelial cells. The majority of the clones contained ...
Murray J C - - 1992
Rieger syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of morphogenesis in which previous cytogenetic arrangements have suggested chromosome 4 as a candidate chromosome. Using a group of highly polymorphic short tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRP), including a new tetranucleotide repeat for epidermal growth factor (EGF), significant linkage of Rieger syndrome to 4q ...
Iwaguchi S - - 1992
A repeated sequence, named RPS1, approximately 2 kb in size, is found mainly in chromosome 6, the second most variable chromosome among the eight chromosomes of Candida albicans. Most of the RPS1 units of chromosome 6 seem to be located within a single region of about 100 kb in strain ...
Melmer G - - 1992
Three hundred and fifty cosmids from chromosome 7, previously analyzed for the presence of rare-cutting restriction enzyme sites, were analyzed for the presence of microsatellite sequences [(CA)n or (CT)n repeats]. Of these, 147 cosmids were found to contain at least one (CA)n repeat unit and 51 cosmids contained at least ...
Abdalla J A - - 1992
Electrophysiologic studies in patients with autosomal dominant myotonia congenita (ADMC) have implicated defects of both muscle membrane sodium and chloride channels. An adult skeletal muscle sodium channel (ASkM1) gene maps to chromosome 17q23-25, and defects in this gene are almost certainly responsible for at least three variants of hyperkalemic periodic ...
Beggs A H - - 1992
A CA dinucleotide repeat polymorphism has been identified for the skeletal muscle alpha-actinin gene ACTN2. The observed heterozygosity is 44% (predicted heterozygosity 50%, PIC 0.47). This polymorphic marker has been localized between D1S74 and D1S103 on the multipoint linkage map of chromosome 1 at a position 44.4 cM from the ...
Eickbush D G - - 1992
In the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis, certain males carry a B chromosome, called PSR (paternal sex ratio), which causes the compaction and subsequent loss of the paternal chromosomes in fertilized eggs. Because Nasonia are haplo-diploid, this leads to the production of all-male broods. Three families (PSR2, PSR18, PSR22) of related, ...
Warren A C - - 1992
A plasmid, AWZ1, that contained a dinucleotide (GT)n repeat was identified from a chromosome 21-specific genomic library. When amplified by PCR from human genomic DNA, the repeat length was highly polymorphic between individuals; its location, D21S215, was mapped in the CEPH pedigrees by linkage analysis to the pericentromeric region of ...
Hudson T J - - 1992
One hundred highly informative simple sequence repeat (SSR) polymorphisms have been isolated and mapped to specific human chromosomes by somatic cell hybrid analysis. These markers include 97 (CA)n, 2 (AGAT)n, and a single (AACT)n repeat. All the SSRs have heterozygosities greater than 0.50 and can be amplified using identical PCR ...
Cornélis F - - 1992
The creation of a comprehensive genetic map in human has been limited by the lack of highly polymorphic markers spaced evenly throughout the human genome. We have utilized yeast artificial chromosomes (YAC) containing large human DNA inserts to help identify highly polymorphic (CA)n repeats at a chosen locus. The DNA ...
Matsutani A - - 1992
The human liver/islet glucose transporter (GLUT2), a candidate gene for diabetes, has been incorporated into a genetic linkage map for chromosome 3q using a (CA)n dinucleotide repeat polymorphism adjacent to the 3'-end of exon 4a. We have found a total of nine alleles ranging in length from 153 to 169 ...
Müllenbach R - - 1992
A non-alphoid repetitive DNA from human chromosome 22, consisting of a 48-bp motif, shows homology to both G-group chromosomes in the gorilla, thus indicating the presence of additional repeat family members on further human chromosomes. Therefore, we screened a chromosome-21-specific cosmid library using this repetitive sequence from chromosome 22 (D22Z3). ...
Rothschild C B - - 1992
A highly polymorphic (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n dinucleotide repeat at the PLC1 locus on human chromosome 20 has been identified. Primers flanking the dinucleotide repeat were used for PCR amplification of the repeat region in 37 informative kindreds from the Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain. Two-point linkage analysis indicates that PLC1 is closely ...
Roewer L - - 1992
The human genome contains a large number of interspersed simple repeat sequences that are variable in length and can therefore serve as highly informative, polymorphic markers. Typing procedures include conventional multilocus and single locus probing, and polymerase chain reaction aided analysis. We have identified simple sequences in a cosmid clone ...
Huang T H - - 1992
Dinucleotide CA repeat sequences in the human genome have been shown to be highly polymorphic due to variation in the length of the repeat-containing segment. Therefore, these markers can serve as anchor loci in the construction of a high-resolution genetic map of the human genome. In this study, we improved ...
Guttenbach M - - 1992
Evolutionary conservation of the human-derived moderately repeated Y-specific DNA sequence Y-190 (DYZ5) was investigated in the chimpanzee, orangutan, and gorilla. Southern blot analysis showed the presence of the sequence in the Y chromosome of all great apes. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and in situ hybridization revealed that the repeat is organized ...
Giacalone J - - 1992
A new X chromosome-specific repetitive sequence, a 3 kilobase HindIII clone with a base composition of 63% C+G, has been isolated. The sequence is organized as a hypervariable tandem repeat cluster ranging in size from 150-350 kilobases, with outlying single copies. This locus, designated DXZ4 and mapped to chromosome band ...
Jones M H - - 1992
We have screened cosmids on chromosome 3p for (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT)n dinucleotide-repeat sequences. Eighty-nine of 155 cosmids (58%) contained (dC-dA)n.(dG-dT(n repeats as determined by colony hybridization with a (dG-dT)10 oligonucleotide probe; 29 of these were subcloned and the sequences flanking the dinucleotide repeats were determined. Nineteen of the 24 loci examined for ...
Liu J W - - 1992
By using a novel fractionation procedure we show that the chloroplast chromosome is specifically bound to the spinach thylakoid in the region of the inverted repeat, near the 16S and 23S rRNA genes. Central to the method is the use of restriction endonucleases, followed by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) treatment to ...
Matsutani A - - 1992
A compound imperfect dinucleotide repeat element, [CA]4TTTGT[CT]7[CA]9AA[CA]4CCACATA[CA]3, was found approximately 10 kb 3' to the human glucokinase gene (GCK) from analysis of contiguous genomic DNA obtained from a bacteriophage lambda chromosome walk. Direct human genomic sequencing revealed the source of polymorphism to be variable numbers of CT and CA repeats. ...
Wood S - - 1992
Two cosmids isolated from a flow-sorted chromosome 8 library by hybridization with pSW50 (D8S7) were screened for GT microsatellite sequences. Both contained a positive 900-bp Hind III-Xba I fragment. Sequencing revealed a complex dinucleotide repeat. Flanking oligonucleotide primers were synthesized, and the polymerase chain reaction products produced by these primers ...
Iizuka M - - 1992
We have shown that many of the Alu repeats found in the GenBank database are polymorphic and that this polymorphism can be detected by a simple technique, single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of each repeat from DNA of individuals. Here, we describe a method ...
Traut W - - 1992
A cluster (D1Lub1) of a long-range repeat family was mapped to the proximal part of the Giemsa-negative band D in Chromosome 1 of Mus musculus and M. spretus by in situ hybridization with cloned probes of the long-range repeat family. By making use of restriction fragment length polymorphisms in DNAs ...
Janse C J - - 1992
Extensive chromosome size polymorphism arises in Plasmodium berghei during in vivo mitotic multiplication. Size differences between homologous chromosomes mainly involve rearrangements in the subtelomeric regions while internal chromosomal regions are more conserved. Size differences are almost exclusively due to differences in the copy number of a 2.3 kb subtelomeric repeat ...
Taylor G R - - 1992
A method for the isolation of (CA)n microsatellites from chromosome-specific genomic libraries is described. Clones were first screened using a polynucleotide CA/GT probe. Those shown to contain CA repeats were plaque purified and either subcloned or the insert amplified directly using vector primers. Polymerase chain reaction products were then used ...
Arveiler B - - 1992
Evidence is accumulating that the two major families of interspersed repeated human DNA sequences, Alu and L1, are not randomly distributed. However, only limited information is available on their relative long-range distribution. We have analyzed a set of randomly selected, human Chromosome (Chr) 11-specific YAC recombinants constituting a total length ...
Mules E H - - 1992
Following the birth of two infants with Tay-Sachs disease (TSD), a non-Jewish, Pennsylvania Dutch kindred was screened for TSD carriers using the biochemical assay. A high frequency of individuals who appeared to be TSD heterozygotes was detected (Kelly et al., 1975). Clinical and biochemical evidence suggested that the increased carrier ...
Purmann L - - 1992
The laboratory mouse C57BL genome contains about 50 copies of a long-range repeat DNA family clustered in the C-D region of chromosome 1. The repeat length is more than 50 kb and includes sequences homologous to at least two mRNAs. There are small differences in the copies of this repeat ...
Hii J L - - 1991
During the intermonsoon period from mid-September to mid-October 1986, wild-caught Anopheles balabacensis Baisas females were marked and released in a host-choice experiment. Association between capture and recapture of marked mosquitoes from human and bovid hosts and blood meal host identification of recaptured females were determined on a daily basis. Although ...
Petersen M B - - 1991
An (AC)n repeat within the anonymous DNA sequence D21S171 was shown to be highly polymorphic in members of the 40 Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humaine (CEPH) families. Ten different alleles at this marker locus were detected by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels of DNA amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ...
Kwiatkowski T J TJ - - 1991
Highly informative dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms were identified at the T-complex-associated-testes-expressed-1 (TCTE1) locus on human chromosome 6p. Electrophoresis of single-stranded DNA on native gels facilitated the analysis of the dinucleotide polymorphisms. Linkage mapping positions this marker midway between the centromere and HLA with recombination fractions as follows: D6Z1-0.21-TCTE1-0.24-HLA. Two-color fluorescence in ...
Simon M - - 1991
The coding region of the involucrin gene in higher primates contains a segment consisting of numerous tandem repeats of a 10-codon sequence. The process of repeat addition began in a common ancestor of all higher primates and subsequent repeats were added vectorially. As a result, the principal site of repeat ...
Huang T H - - 1991
We present a patient with a 49,XXXXY chromosome constitution in whom the origin of the extra X chromosomes was determined by analysis of five polymorphic CA (or GT) dinucleotide repeat sequences. This class of DNA marker has recently been demonstrated to be hypervariable with heterozygosity values up to 80%. By ...
Casimir C M - - 1991
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited condition rendering neutrophils incapable of killing invading pathogens. This condition is due to the failure of a multicomponent microbicidal oxidase that normally yields a low-midpoint-potential b cytochrome (cytochrome b245). Although defects in the X chromosome-linked cytochrome account for the majority of CGD ...
Gray I C - - 1991
Using PCR, two minisatellite loci showing extreme repeat-unit copy-number variation in humans have been characterized in great apes and monkeys. In contrast to humans, minisatellite locus MS32 is monomorphic with only 3-4 diverged repeat units in great apes, Old World and New World monkeys, this organization presumably representing the relatively ...
Green B G - - 1991
Previous work has demonstrated that repeated applications of capsaicin can sensitize the tongue to subsequent exposures to capsaicin. However, if stimulation is interrupted for a period of minutes, the contrasting phenomenon of desensitization occurs. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of interstimulus interval (ISI) on ...
Petersen M B - - 1991
The origin of nondisjunction in trisomy 21 has so far been studied using cytogenetic heteromorphisms and DNA polymorphisms using Southern blot analysis. Short sequence repeats have recently been described as an abundant class of DNA polymorphisms in the human genome, which can be typed using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ...
Zhang H B - - 1990
Repeated nucleotide sequence pLeUCD2 cloned from Lophopyrum elongatum is highly abundant in the genomes of diploid and polyploid wheatgrass species of genera Lophopyrum, Thinopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Agropyron, Elymus, Elytrigia, and Pascopyrum but undetectable by Southern blot hybridization in Triticum and representative species of Dasypyrum, Hordeum, Psathyrostachys, Secale, Taeniatherum, Heteranthelium, and Leymus ...
Lewis J G - - 1990
A (GT)n repeat within the anonymous DNA sequence D21S156 was shown to be highly polymorphic in DNA from members of the 40 CEPH families. At least 12 alleles of this locus were recognized by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels of DNA amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers flanking ...
Ponzi M - - 1990
Extensive chromosome size polymorphism arises in Plasmodium berghei during in vivo mitotic multiplication. Size differences between homologous chromosomes involve rearrangements occurring in the subtelomeric portions while internal chromosomal regions do not contribute significantly to chromosome size polymorphism. Differences in the copy number of a 2.3-kb subtelomeric repeated unit are shown ...
Petersen M B - - 1990
A (GT)n repeat in intron 4 of the functional human HMG14 gene on chromosome 21 was used as polymorphic marker to map this gene relative to the genetic linkage map of human chromosome 21. Variation in the length of the (GT)n repeat was detected by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels of ...
Dracopoli N C - - 1990
The human amylase gene cluster includes a (CA)n repeat sequence immediately upstream of the gamma-actin pseudogene associated with the AMY2B gene. Analysis of this (CA)n repeat by PCR amplification of genomic DNA from the 40 families of the Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH) reference panel revealed extensive polymorphism. A ...
Redi C A - - 1990
We compared the organization of satellite DNA (stDNA) and its chromosomal allocation in Mus domesticus and in Mus musculus. The two stDNAs show similar restriction fragment profiles after digestion (probed with M. domesticus stDNA) with some endonucleases of which restriction sequences are present in the 230-240 bp repetitive unit of ...
Luty J A - - 1990
The human genome contains approximately 50,000 copies of an interspersed repeat with the sequence (dT.dG/dA.dC)n, where n = approximately 10-60. We and others have found that several of these repeats have variable lengths in different individuals, with allelic fragments varying in size by multiples of 2 bp. These "microsatellite" variable ...
Micheli V - - 1990
1. The synthesis of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide from nicotinamide and nicotinic acid was compared over different time scales at both physiological (0.7 mumol/l) and high (0.2-3 mmol/l) substrate concentrations in erythrocytes from three patients with hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.8) deficiency (including one Lesch-Nyhan patient) and from one patient with ...
Harbers K - - 1990
The pseudoautosomal region of the Mov15 mouse strain is marked by a Moloney murine leukemia provirus. The sequences flanking the Mov15 provirus were molecularly cloned and shown to consist of a tandemly repeated sequence of 31 nucleotides. Copy number variation of this repeat most likely accounts for the polymorphism in ...
Prata M J - - 1990
Subunit A of coagulation factor XIII (F13A) and alpha-L-fucosidase (FUCA1) polymorphisms were studied in unrelated healthy blood donors from northern Portugal. The gene frequencies found were: F13A*2 = 0.241 and FUCA1*2 = 0.308. Segregation analysis in mother/child pairs and nuclear families confirmed the previously described modes of inheritance for F13A ...
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