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Results 451 - 500 of 690
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Connarty M - - 1996
Dentatorubral and pallidolysian atrophy (DRPLA), a neurological disorder thought to be rare in European populations, is caused by a triplet repeat expansion in the B37 gene on chromosome 12. This disorder can phenotypically mimic Huntington's disease (HD) which is also caused by a repeat expansion. We have analysed 139 affected ...
Wang W - - 1996
We studied 184 Japanese males for the tetranucleotide TAGA repeat polymorphism at the Y-27H39 locus on the Y chromosome, and discovered a new allele, tentatively named F. Direct sequencing of Y-27H39 alleles revealed that the new allele (206 nt) is larger than allele E (202 nt) by 1 repeat unit. ...
Barber M D - - 1996
This paper reports the sequences of 22 alleles identified at the HumFGA (human alpha fibrinogen) short tandem repeat locus in the British Caucasian and Afro-Caribbean populations. Alleles at the lower end of the observed size range were found to increase in size by 4-bp increments with the repeat unit following ...
Armour J A - - 1996
The minisatellite MS621 (D5S110) is a highly polymorphic tandem repeat locus which maps to the distal region of human chromosome 5p. Major repeat unit variants at D5S110 differ not by base substitutions but by differences in the repetition of an 11 bp sequence motif found within each repeat. The two ...
Bruskiewich R - - 1996
The gene loci for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), the beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3), and heregulin (HGL) have been assigned to the short arm of human chromosome 8, but the positions of these loci on the human genetic linkage map have not been previously reported. We have isolated simple tandem repeat ...
Kraft H G - - 1996
A size polymorphism (K IV VNTR) and largely unknown sequence variation in the apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] gene on chromosome 6q26-q27 together determine most of the extreme variation in apo(a) glycoprotein expression and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] plasma concentration in Caucasians. We have determined Lp(a) plasma concentrations, the number of kringle IV (K IV) ...
Goldman A - - 1996
The CTG trinucleotide repeat, in the myotonic dystrophy (DM) myotonin protein kinase gene, was studied by PCR analysis in a total of 246 unrelated South African Bantu-speaking Negroids, 116 San and 27 Pygmies. The size and distribution of the CTG repeat were determined and showed that the alleles ranged in ...
Lucotte G - - 1996
The deletion of 3bp at codon positions 2642-2645 (delta 2642) of the gene mutated in Huntington's disease (HD) was analysed on the normal (N) and HD chromosomes of 79 French families affected with HD, and previously typed for the (CAG)n repeats. delta 2642 Polymorphism has been found over-represented on HD ...
Liao D - - 1995
The RNU2 locus encoding human U2 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) is organized as a nearly perfect tandem array containing 5 to 22 copies of a 5.8-kb repeat unit. Just downstream of the U2 snRNA gene in each 5.8-kb repeat unit lies a large (CT)n.(GA)n dinucleotide repeat (n approximately equal to ...
Kiyosawa H - - 1995
The CMT1A-REP repeat sequence flanks a 1.5 megabase pair (Mb) segment of chromosome 17p11.2-12 which is duplicated in Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A (CMT1A) and deleted in hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). The CMT1A-REP repeat is proposed to mediate misalignment and unequal crossover resulting in reciprocal chromosomal rearrangements ...
Nagao S - - 1995
The murine polycystic kidney disease gene, pcy, is an autosomal recessive trait located on chromosome 9. To determine the genetic locus of pcy, 222 intraspecific backcross mice were obtained by mating C57BL/6FG-pcy and Mus molossinus. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of 70 of the 222 backcross progeny showed that pcy, ...
Zolan M E - - 1995
The examination of fungal chromosomes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis has revealed that length polymorphism is widespread in both sexual and asexual species. This review summarizes characteristics of fungal chromosome-length polymorphism and possible mitotic and meiotic mechanisms of chromosome length change. Most fungal chromosome-length polymorphisms are currently uncharacterized with respect to ...
Eichler E E - - 1995
Both sequence length and sequence content are important parameters in determining stability of the fragile X syndrome CGG repeat. In order to estimate the incidence of uninterrupted CGG repeats in the general population and to gain insight into mechanisms responsible for the loss and acquisition of AGG interruptions, 406 randomly ...
Marynen P - - 1995
Mutations in the PXR1 gene can cause a generalized peroxisome biogenesis disorder (complementation group 2). Fluorescence in situ hybridization with the PXR1 cDNA and two cosmids containing the PXR1 gene was used for the cytogenetic assignment of the gene to chromosome 12p13. Analysis of a radiation hybrid panel for chromosome ...
Casaña P - - 1995
Intron 40 of the human von Willebrand factor gene contains a region with variable-number tandem repeats (VNTR), type (ATCT)n, showing length polymorphism. In order to carry out family studies of von Willebrand's disease, we performed PCR procedures to analyze 3 previously described microsatellites from that region, both in normal individuals ...
Sasaki H - - 1995
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is caused by abnormal expansion of an unstable CAG repeat in a novel gene locating on chromosome 14q32.1. We analysed this CAG repeat polymorphism with 66 Japanese MJD patients. All the patients were selectively associated with abnormal expansion of the CAG repeat. Repeat length of the mutant ...
Jamilena M - - 1995
The B chromosome of Crepis capillaris was isolated from the standard chromosomes by microdissection, and the chromosomal DNA amplified using the degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase chain reaction (DOP-PCR). The PCR product was cloned and a B-specific library created and characterised. Southern and in situ hybridisation analyses of the DOP-PCR product from ...
Narayanswami S - - 1995
In Xenopus laevis eight tRNA genes are located in a 3.18 kb tandemly repeated unit. There are 150 copies of the unit at a single locus near the long arm telomere of one of the acrocentric chromosomes in the 14-17 group. Two additional classes of tRNA gene-containing repeats have been ...
Armour J A - - 1995
We have isolated two tandemly repeated loci from human DNA which contain long blocks of GGA and GGT trinucleotide repeats. These two repeat unit types, together with other less common variants, are apparently irregularly interspersed along each repeat array. Genotyping methods have been developed for these highly polymorphic loci, including ...
Barrett M T - - 1995
To screen multiple loci in small purified samples of diploid and aneuploid cells a PCR-based technique of whole genome amplification was adapted to the study of somatic lesions. DNA samples from different numbers of flow-sorted diploid and aneuploid cells from biopsies were amplified with a degenerate 15mer primer. Aliquots of ...
Jeffreys A J - - 1995
Minisatellites provide one of the most experimentally tractable systems for studying tandem repeat instability in man. Analysis of mutation processes has been greatly aided by the development of single molecule methods for recovering de novo mutants, and of techniques for exploring allele structure in detail. Application of these approaches to ...
Ranen N G - - 1995
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant degenerative disorder caused by an expanded and unstable trinucleotide repeat (CAG)n in a gene (IT-15) on chromosome 4. HD exhibits genetic anticipation--earlier onset in successive generations within a pedigree. From a population-based clinical sample, we ascertained parent-offspring pairs with expanded alleles, to examine ...
Andrew S E - - 1995
Huntington disease (HD) is one of five neurodegenerative disorders resulting from an expansion of a CAG repeat located within the coding portion of a novel gene. CAG repeat expansion beyond a particular repeat size has been shown to be a specific and sensitive marker for the disease. A strong inverse ...
Masuda N - - 1995
Huntington's disease (HD) is associated with the expansion of a CAG repeat in the huntingtin gene. Molecular analysis of the repeat in Japanese HD patients and normal controls was performed. The size of the CAG repeat ranged from 37 to 95 repeats in affected subjects and from seven to 29 ...
Lyle R - - 1995
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder that maps to human chromosome 4q35. FSHD is tightly linked to a polymorphic 3.3-kb tandem repeat locus, D4Z4. D4Z4 is a complex repeat: it contains a novel homeobox sequence and two other repetitive sequence motifs. In most sporadic FSHD cases, ...
Kremer B - - 1995
A total of 254 affected parent-child pairs with Huntington disease (HD) and 440 parent-child pairs with CAG size in the normal range were assessed to determine the nature and frequency of intergenerational CAG changes in the HD gene. Intergenerational CAG changes are extremely rare (3/440 [0.68%]) on normal chromosomes. In ...
Bozza A - - 1995
The genetic mutation underlying Huntington's disease (HD) has been identified as an expansion and instability of a specific CAG repeat sequence in a gene on chromosome 4. A simple polymerase chain reaction assay has been used for the assessment of the (CAG)n expansion in a 72-year-old woman with typical HD ...
Wakisaka A - - 1995
Spinocerebellar ataxia 1 (SCA1) is caused by expansion of an unstable CAG triplet repeat located on the short arm of chromosome 6. Precise mapping has shown a positional relationship to closely linked markers in the order of D6S109-D6S274-D6S288-SCA1-AM10GA-D6S89+ ++-EDN1 from centromere to telomere. The haplotype which cosegregated with the disease ...
Margolis R L - - 1995
Expansion mutation is the cause of eight neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus far each disease is the result of expansion of a C-G rich trinucleotide repeat that is polymorphic for length in the general population. We now report the identification of seven novel cDNA clones with CCA or equivalent trinucleotide repeats obtained ...
Eiberg H - - 1995
Congenital cataract, type Volkmann (McKusick no 115665, gene symbol CCV) is an autosomal dominant eye disease. The disease is characterized by a progressive, central and zonular cataract, with opacities both in the embryonic, fetal and juvenile nucleus and around the anterior and posterior Y-suture. We examined blood samples from 91 ...
Soong B W - - 1995
Analysis of the polymorphic (CAG)n repeat in the huntingtin gene within the Chinese population in Taiwan confirmed the presence of an expanded repeat on all Huntington's disease (HD) chromosomes. Measurement of the specific CAG repeat sequence in 35 HD chromosomes from 11 unrelated families and 159 control chromosomes showed a ...
Alexander B - - 1995
The effectiveness of bednets and curtains (nylon mesh 64 per cm2) impregnated with deltamethrin at 26 mg a.i./m2 in reducing the biting nuisance caused by three phlebotomine sandfly species: Lutzomyia columbiana, Lu.lichyi and the predominant Lu.youngi (Diptera: Psychodidae), was evaluated at La Guaira, a rural settlement in Valle de Cauca ...
Otten A D - - 1995
Myotonic dystrophy is caused by an expansion of a CTG triplet repeat sequence in the 3' noncoding region of a protein kinase gene, yet the mechanism by which the triplet repeat expansion causes disease remains unknown. This report demonstrates that a DNase I hypersensitive site is positioned 3' of the ...
van den Berg M H - - 1995
A polymorphic trinucleotide repeat combination (GAA)m(GAG)n has been demonstrated in the cardiac alpha myosin heavy chain gene (MYH6), which is located on chromosome 14q, and which is sometimes involved in familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Based on length, at least seventeen alleles varying from 31 to 50 repeats have been detected in ...
Ikeuchi T - - 1995
Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by various combinations of ataxia, choreoathetosis, myoclonus, epilepsy, and dementia as well as a wide range of ages at onset. A specific unstable trinucleotide repeat expansion in a gene on the short arm of chromosome 12 was recently identified as the ...
Goldman A - - 1995
The association between normal alleles at the CTG repeat and two nearby polymorphisms in the myotonin protein kinase gene, the Alu insertion/deletion polymorphism and the myotonic dystrophy kinase (DMK)(G/T) intron 9/HinfI polymorphism, has been analyzed in South African Negroids, a population in which myotonic dystrophy (DM) has not been described. ...
Zhao J - - 1995
Unbalanced de novo rearrangements, difficult to characterize by conventional cytogenetic techniques, may be elucidated by molecular approaches. By dinucleotide repeat polymorphism typing and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we have defined the composition of an unbalanced de novo translocation (46,XX,15p+) in a child with multiple congenital anomalies. Use of a ...
Pêcheux C - - 1995
The CAG expansion responsible for Huntington's disease (HD) is followed by an adjacent polymorphic CCG repeat region which may interfere with a PCR based diagnosis. We have sequenced this region in 52 unrelated HD patients, from both normal and HD chromosomes. Fifty percent of the normal alleles were (CCG)7(CCT)2, 48% ...
Bosch A - - 1995
We have isolated three clones, containing highly polymorphic CA-repeat sequences, from a human chromosome 21 phage library (LA21NS01). These clones have been localised to band q22.1 by using a chromosome 21 somatic cell hybrid panel. D21S1262 is located between breakpoints 6918-8a1 and 3x2S, and D21S1419 and D21S1421 are localised between ...
Maruyama H - - 1995
Machado--Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration mapped to chromosome 14q32.1. The CAG expansions of the MJD1 gene was identified as the cause of the disease. We have analyzed 90 MJD individuals from 62 independent MJD families and found that the MJD1 repeat length is inversely correlated with ...
Dewar K - - 1995
We have investigated the mitotic and meiotic transmission of chromosome-length polymorphisms in Ophiostoma ulmi s.l., the causal agent of Dutch elm disease. The North-American aggressive (NAN) strain CESS16K has an atypical electrophoretic karyotype, carrying two chromosome-sized DNAs (chDNAs) that have not been observed in other members of the NAN biotype. ...
Yoshida H - - 1995
Proinsulin is converted to insulin by the concerted action of two sequence-specific subtilisin-like proteases termed prohormone convertase 2 (PC2) and prohormone convertase 3. PC2 is a type II proinsulin-processing enzyme, and it cleaves the proinsulin molecule on the COOH-terminal side of dibasic peptide, Lys64-Arg65, which joins the C-peptide and the ...
Bennett S T - - 1995
The IDDM2 locus encoding susceptibility to type 1 diabetes was mapped previously to a 4.1-kb region spanning the insulin gene and a minisatellite or variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) locus on human chromosome 11p15.5. By 'cross-match' haplotype analysis and linkage disequilibrium mapping, we have mapped the mutation IDDM2 to ...
Bosch A - - 1995
Two highly polymorphic CA-repeat microsatellites (D21S1224 and D21S1261) are reported. The clones containing these CA-repeats (ABM-C60 and ABM-C29) have been isolated from a human chromosome-21-specific library (LA21NS01) and have been localised to the q22.3 band using a specific chromosome 21 somatic cell hybrid panel. Both polymorphisms showed heterozygosities of 0.83 ...
Nørremølle A - - 1995
An increasing number of diseases are being found to be due to elongation of specific trinucleotide repeat sequences. Inverse correlation between the age at onset and the length of the repeat has been found in most of these. The elongated CAG repeat causing Huntington's disease is highly unstable when inherited ...
Doria A - - 1995
A 10-allele polymorphism was identified in rad (ras associated with diabetes), a gene that is overexpressed in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) muscle. The polymorphism, designated RAD1, consists of a variable number of trinucleotide repeats (GTT and ATT) located in the poly(A) region of an intronic Alu sequence. Based on the ...
Zhang L - - 1995
Using a modified sperm typing protocol, the mutation frequency of the CAG repeat region at the androgen receptor locus has been measured using a rare semen sample from an individual with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA). Among 258 X chromosome-containing sperm, 19% had a repeat number equal to the ...
Almqvist E - - 1995
This study addresses genetic factors associated with normal variation of the CAG repeat in the Huntington disease (HD) gene. To achieve this, we have studied patterns of variation of three trinucleotide repeats in the HD gene including the CAG and adjacent CCG repeats as well as a GAG polymorphism at ...
Bleyl S - - 1995
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a cyanotic congenital heart defect that, without surgical correction, has a high mortality rate in the first year of life. It usually occurs without a family history and has a low recurrence risk. However, we recently reported a large Utah-Idaho family in which ...
Becker J - - 1995
Microsatellites have developed into a powerful tool for mapping mammalian genomes and first reports about their use in plants have been published. A database search of 228 barley sequences from GenBank and EMBL was made to determine which simple sequence repeat (SSR) motif prevails in barley. Nearly all types of ...
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