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Ginzkey Christian C Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, D-97080 Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Genotoxic effects of nicotine were described in different human cells including salivary gland cells. Based on the high nicotine concentration in saliva of smokers or patients using therapeutic nicotine patches, the current study was performed to evaluate the genotoxic potential of nicotine in human salivary gland cells. Therefore, primary salivary ...
Soler-Alfonso Claudia C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Although deletions of CHRNA7 have been associated with intellectual disability (ID), seizures and neuropsychiatric phenotypes, the pathogenicity of CHRNA7 duplications has been uncertain. We present the first report of CHRNA7 triplication. Three generations of a family affected with various neuropsychiatric phenotypes, including anxiety, bipolar disorder, developmental delay and ID, were ...
Li Lin - - 2012
Congenital motor nystagmus (CMN) is characterized by early-onset bilateral ocular oscillations. To identify the disease locus for autosomal dominant CMN in a Chinese family 86001, clinical data, including slit lamp and funduscopic examination and blood samples were collected from family. Genomic DNA was prepared from leukocytes, and a genome-wide linkage ...
Belangero S I - - 2012
A small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) derived from chromosome 22 is a relatively common cytogenetic finding. This sSMC typically results in tetrasomy for a chromosomal region that spans the chromosome 22p arm and the proximal 2 Mb of 22q11.21. Using classical cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, ...
Harakalova Magdalena - - 2012
We present a large Dutch family with seven males affected by a novel syndrome of X-linked intellectual disability, hypogonadism, gynaecomastia, truncal obesity, short stature and recognisable craniofacial manifestations resembling but not identical to Wilson-Turner syndrome. Seven female relatives show a much milder expression of the phenotype. We performed X chromosome ...
Klein Karl Martin - - 2012
We aimed to refine the phenotypic spectrum and map the causative gene in two families with familial focal epilepsy with variable foci (FFEVF). A new five-generation Australian FFEVF family (A) underwent electroclinical phenotyping, and the original four-generation Australian FFEVF family (B) (Ann Neurol, 44, 1998, 890) was re-analyzed, including new ...
Balaban Hatice - - 2012
Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder in which affected individuals suffer from uncomfortable sensations and an urge to move their lower limbs; it occurs mainly in resting situations during the evening or at night. Multiple chromosomal loci have been mapped for RLS through family-based linkage analysis, and ...
Jaworek Thomas J - - 2012
We ascertained two large Pakistani consanguineous families (PKDF231 and PKDF608) segregating profound hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction, and retinitis pigmentosa; the defining features of Usher syndrome type 1 (USH1). To date, seven USH1 loci have been reported. Here, we map a novel locus, USH1K, on chromosome 10p11.21-q21.1. In family PKDF231, we ...
Hong Seung-Mo - - 2012
Characterizing the earliest chromosomal alterations of pancreatic precursor neoplasms from individuals with a familial aggregation of pancreatic cancer may provide clues as to the loci of pancreatic cancer susceptibility genes. We used Illumina 370/660K SNP arrays to conduct genome-wide copy number analysis in 60 benign neoplasms [58 mostly low-grade pancreatic ...
Yeetong Patra P Inter-Department Program of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2013
Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy (BAFME) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by adult-onset cortical tremor or action myoclonus predominantly in the upper limbs, and generalized seizures. We investigated a Thai BAFME family. Clinical and electrophysiological studies revealed that 13 were affected with BAFME. There were a total of 24 ...
Gibson Mark S - - 2012
The human IL-1 family contains 11 genes encoded at three separate loci. Nine, including IL-1R antagonist (IL-1RN), are present at a single locus on chromosome 2, whereas IL-18 and IL-33 lie on chromosomes 11 and 9, respectively. There are currently only two known orthologs in the chicken, IL-1β and IL-18, ...
Liao Hsiao-Mei - - 2012
Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder with high degree of genetic influence in its etiology. Several recent studies revealed that copy number variations (CNVs) of genomic DNA contributed significantly to the genetic architecture of sporadic schizophrenia. This study aimed to investigate whether CNVs also contribute to the familial forms of ...
Lu W - - 2012
Clubfoot is a common birth defect characterized by inward posturing and rigid downward displacement of one or both feet. The etiology of syndromic forms of clubfoot is varied and the causes of isolated clubfoot are not well understood. A microduplication of 2.2 Mb on chromosome 17q23.1q23.2 which includes T-box 4 ...
Chang Yi-Wen - - 2012
Amniocentesis is a popular and effective prenatal diagnostic tool for chromosomal disorders. It is well-established that the risk of chromosomal abnormalities increases with maternal age; however, other related indications are seldom reported. Herein, we report our 30-year experience with amniocentesis from a single medical center, focusing on the indications and ...
Mathews Carol A - - 2012
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a complex etiology involving both genetic and environmental factors. However, the genetic causes of OCD are largely unknown, despite the identification of several promising candidate genes and linkage regions. Our objective was to conduct genetic linkage studies of the type of OCD thought to have the ...
Niederhoffer Karen Y - - 2012
Genetically heterogeneous imprinting disorders include Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and multiple maternal hypomethylation syndrome (MMHS). Using DNA sequencing, quantitative PCR, SNuPE, pyrosequencing, and hybridization to the Illumina GoldenGate Methylation Cancer Panel 1 array, we characterized the genomic DNA of two brothers with BWS who were discordant for loss of methylation at ...
Amirian E Susan - - 2012
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a highly neurotropic beta-herpesvirus with demonstrated transformative properties. HHV-6 infection has been implicated in the etiologies of cancers, including lymphoma and leukemia; conditions with brain involvement, including epilepsy and encephalitis; and other disorders. HHV-6 is also the only human herpesvirus that has been proven to ...
De Jonge Natalie - - 2012
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) modules are small operons associated with stress response of bacteria. F-plasmid CcdB(F) was the first TA toxin for which its target, gyrase, was identified. Plasmidic and chromosomal CcdBs belong to distinct families. Conserved residues crucial for gyrase poisoning activity of plasmidic CcdBs are not conserved among these families. ...
Dulik Matthew C - - 2012
For decades, the peopling of the Americas has been explored through the analysis of uniparentally inherited genetic systems in Native American populations and the comparison of these genetic data with current linguistic groupings. In northern North America, two language families predominate: Eskimo-Aleut and Na-Dene. Although the genetic evidence from nuclear ...
Honeywell Christina - - 2012
Pericentric chromosome inversions are often associated with infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss, and an increased risk for offspring with congenital anomalies. We report on a chromosome 1 inversion between 1p36.21 and 1q42.13, one of the largest described familial pericentric inversions of chromosome 1. The inversion was ascertained following the birth of ...
Cantara Silvia - - 2012
Introduction:Genomic instability has been proposed to play a role in cancer development and can occur through different mechanisms including telomere association and telomere loss. Studies carried out in our unit have demonstrated that familial papillary thyroid cancer (fPTC) patients display an imbalance, at the germinal level, in telomere-telomerase complex.Aim:We aimed ...
Yildirim M - - 2012
Individuals with clefts present considerably more dental anomalies than individuals without clefts. We also have shown that these individuals report cancer in their families more often than do unaffected individuals. We investigated how these conditions correlated with genetic variants associated with clefts to ascertain if specific molecular signatures exist that ...
Madrigal Irene - - 2012
Congenital balanced reciprocal translocations are one of the most frequent structural chromosomal aberrations in the population. We report a familial translocation t(12;22)(p13.3;pter) responsible for intellectual disabilities and congenital anomalies characterized by FISH and array CGH. Two patients carried a der(12)t(12;22)(p13.3;pter), resulting in a 6 Mb 12pter deletion. Patients presented with intellectual ...
Englund Elisabet E Department of Pathology, Lund University, Regional Laboratories Region Skåne, Lund, - - 2012
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) as an important clinical entity was rediscovered in Lund and Manchester in the early 1990s. Here we show that the large Lund pedigree with behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia previously described with this disorder has an expansion in the recently described C9ORF72 locus on chromosome 9.
Breman Amy - - 2012
To evaluate the results of prenatal chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) on >1000 fetal samples referred for testing at our institution and to compare these data to published reports. High resolution CMA was offered to women undergoing amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. Parental samples were obtained concurrently to exclude maternal cell ...
Radhakrishna Uppala - - 2012
Background Omphalocele is a congenital birth defect characterised by the presence of internal organs located outside of the ventral abdominal wall. The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying genetic mechanisms of a large autosomal dominant Caucasian family with omphalocele. Methods and findings A genetic linkage study was ...
Keify Fatemeh - - 2012
Reciprocal translocations represent one of the most common structural rearrangements observed in humans. Estimates of the population frequency range from 1/673 to 1/1000. We have described two novel balanced translocations in two unrelated families who experienced Recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) following their separate non-consanguineous marriages. Initial cytogenetic studies were performed ...
Seidel Markus G - - 2012
CLTA4 is relevant for FOXP3+Treg cells, and the link between skewed X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) and autoimmunity is recognized. The observation of IPEX-syndrome and multiorgan endocrine autoimmune phenomena in various members of one family, associated with a CTLA4 polymorphism and skewed XCI provides an in vivo model of how mechanisms of ...
Assawamakin Anunchai - - 2012
We characterized the chromosomal aberration in family with intellectual disability, including two affected children and their affected mother. Initial standard karyotypes of the three individuals showed an apparently balanced translocation of chromosomes 8 and 20. Using molecular cytogenetic techniques, we observed complex structural chromosomal aberration comprising of reciprocal translocation between ...
Knijnenburg Jeroen - - 2012
Cat eye syndrome (CES) is caused by a gain of the proximal part of chromosome 22. Usually, a supernumerary marker chromosome is present, containing two extra copies of the chromosome 22q11.1q11.21 region. More sporadically, the gain is present intrachromosomally. The critical region for CES is currently estimated to be about ...
Margarit Ester - - 2012
The deletion of the long arm of chromosome 18 causes a contiguous gene deletion syndrome with a highly variable phenotype, usually related to the extent of the deleted region. The most commonly reported clinical features include: decreased growth, microcephaly, facial abnormalities, hypotonia, developmental delay, intellectual disability, congenital aural atresia with ...
Miskovic Silvana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) in chromosomally normal parents is still unexplained. It is unclear whether or not some factors, such as spontaneous abortions (SA), which occur among extended family members can create a predisposition to RSA. Therefore, this study comprises two parts: (a) an epidemiological part, ...
Gordon David J DJ Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2012
Genetic instability, which includes both numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities, is a hallmark of cancer. Whereas the structural chromosome rearrangements have received substantial attention, the role of whole-chromosome aneuploidy in cancer is much less well-understood. Here we review recent progress in understanding the roles of whole-chromosome aneuploidy in cancer, including ...
Rougemont Anne-Laure - - 2012
Cytogenetic analysis of a lumbar soft tissue Ewing sarcoma (ES) in a 7-month-old female child showed a t(17;22)(q21;q12), a rare translocation leading to an EWSR1-ETV4 chimeric transcript. These findings were confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques. The breakpoints were characterized by direct ...
Greenberg Steven A - - 2012
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy 1D/1E (OMIM nomenclature LGMD1D, Human Gene Nomenclature Committee LGMD1E), a skeletal and cardiac myopathy, has previously been linked to chromosome 6q23. We used laser capture microdissection to isolate cytoplasmic inclusions from skeletal muscle from a patient with LGMD1D/1E, performed mass spectrometry-based proteomics on these minute inclusions, ...
Asad Samina - - 2012
We have previously performed a genome-wide linkage study in Scandinavian Type 1 diabetes (T1D) families. In the Swedish families, we detected suggestive linkage (LOD≤2.2) to the chromosome 5p13-q13 region. The aim of our study was to investigate the linked region in search for possible T1D susceptibility genes. Microsatellites were genotyped ...
Merlo Manuel A - - 2012
Molecular and cytogenetic markers are of great use for to fish characterization, identification, phylogenetics and evolution. Multigene families have proven to be good markers for a better understanding of the variability, organization and evolution of fish species. Three different tandemly-repeated gene families (45S rDNA, 5S rDNA and U2 snDNA) have ...
Caburet Sandrine - - 2012
The human condition known as Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) is characterized by loss of ovarian function before the age of 40. A majority of POF cases are sporadic, but 10-15% are familial, suggesting a genetic origin of the disease. Although several causal mutations have been identified, the etiology of POF ...
Abbott Diana - - 2012
To investigate quantitative trait loci linked to refractive error, we performed a genome-wide quantitative trait linkage analysis using single nucleotide polymorphism markers and family data from five international sites. Genomic DNA samples from 254 families were genotyped by the Center for Inherited Disease Research using the Illumina Linkage Panel IVb. ...
Boeve Bradley F BF Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
Numerous kindreds with familial frontotemporal dementia or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or both have been linked to chromosome 9 (c9FTD/ALS), and an expansion of the GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in the non-coding region of chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9ORF72) was identified in the summer of 2011 as the pathogenic mechanism. ...
Chen Wei-Min - - 2011
Compared to genome-wide association analysis, linkage analysis is less influenced by allelic heterogeneity. The use of linkage information in large families should provide a great opportunity to identify less frequent variants. We perform a linkage scan for both dichotomous and quantitative traits in eight extended families. For the dichotomous trait, ...
Bierkens Mariska - - 2011
High-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/3) represents a heterogeneous disease both with respect to clinical behaviour and chromosomal aberrations detected. We hypothesized that the extent of chromosomal aberrations reflects the duration of their existence. Chromosomal profiles were determined of CIN3 of women with a known 5 year history of high-risk human ...
Stacher Elvira - - 2011
Stacher E, Boldt V, Leibl S, Halbwedl I, Popper H H, Ullmann R, Tavassoli F A & Moinfar F (2011)Histopathology Chromosomal aberrations as detected by array comparative genomic hybridization in early low-grade intraepithelial neoplasias of the breast Aims:  Low-grade flat ductal intraepithelial neoplasia (DIN1a, flat epithelial atypia) is one of ...
Lapunzina Pablo - - 2011
UPD (uniparental disomy) describes the inheritance of a pair of chromosomes from only one parent. Mechanisms that lead to UPD include trisomy rescue, gamete complementation, monosomy rescue and somatic recombination. Most of these mechanisms can involve aberrant chromosomes, particularly isochromosomes and Robertsonian translocations. In the last decade, the number of ...
Fotra Roopali - - 2011
The present study was aimed to analyze the chromosomal changes and also to work out the association of some of the non-cytogenetic factors in the confirmed cases of cervical carcinoma. Slides for the chromosome study were prepared from the tumor growths of 78 patients as the diagnosed cases of cervical ...
Peters Susan - - 2011
Chromosomal aberration frequency in peripheral lymphocytes of healthy individuals has been found to be predictive of future cancer risk. The variability of chromosomal aberrations over time, which is largely unknown, should be clarified to interpret the strength of this association and to determine its use in cancer prediction. Intra- and ...
Jafri Farooqua - - 2011
Chromosome 22q13.3 deletion syndrome is a well-recognized cause of global developmental delay, while duplication of the same chromosome is a rare occurrence. The presence of both abnormalities in the same family has never been reported, to our knowledge. We report a rare occurrence of 22q13.3 duplication and 22q13.3 deletion in ...
Ozery-Flato Michal - - 2011
Chromosomal aneuploidy, that is to say the gain or loss of chromosomes, is the most common abnormality in cancer. While certain aberrations, most commonly translocations, are known to be strongly associated with specific cancers and contribute to their formation, most aberrations appear to be non-specific and arbitrary, and do not ...
Kamata Tamihiro T Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester University Road, Leicester, LEI 7RH, - - 2011
Most cancers progress with the accumulation of genetic mutations with time and this is frequently associated with the acquisition of genomic instability in the form of whole chromosome changes, chromosomal rearrangements, gene amplifications or smaller changes at the nucleotide level. Whole chromosome instability (W-CIN), characterised by aneuploidy, is a major ...
Shimojima Keiko - - 2010
The recent development of high-throughput analysis for genomic copy numbers has enabled to identify microscopic chromosomal duplications that had never been recognized before. Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) identified a de novo 2.1-Mb microduplication in the 22q11.22q11.23 region surrounded by low copy repeats (LCRs) LCR22E and LCR22H in a 5-year-old ...
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