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Domingo Aloysius A Institute of Neurogenetics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany2XDP Study Group, Philippine Children's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines3Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, - - 2014
Despite recessive inheritance, X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism (Lubag disease) has also been described in women presenting with a late-onset isolated parkinsonian syndrome. Interestingly, unlike in other populations, there is a slight female predominance in the prevalence of parkinsonism in the Philippines. In a Filipino woman with suspected Parkinson disease, we confirmed the ...
Meeker Nathan D - - 2011
Translocations are key oncogenic events, and many rearrangements are characteristic for a specific malignancy. We present here a case of phenotypic precursor-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), subsequently found to have both MYC and MLL translocations. Owing to the potential prognostic impact of these translocations, a novel treatment strategy was applied ...
Jones Letetia - - 2010
Gain of chromosome 8 is the most common chromosomal gain in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It has been hypothesized that gain of the MYC protooncogene is of central importance in trisomy 8, but the experimental data to support this are limited and controversial. In a mouse model of promyelocytic ...
Yang Yung-Li - - 2010
The classification of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by specific chromosomal translocations has prognostic implications for risk-directed therapy. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay is a useful tool for detecting fusion transcripts from common chromosomal translocations of ALL cells. Multiplex RT-PCR and nested-PCR assays were used to detect ALL-type BCR-ABL1 ...
Wang Eunice S - - 2010
Normal karyotype (NK) is the most common cytogenetic group in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis; however, up to 50% of these patients at relapse will have aberrant karyotype (AK) AML. To determine the etiology of relapsed AK AML cells, we evaluated cytogenetic, immunophenotypic, and molecular results of 17 patients with ...
Gmidène Abir - - 2011
The complex variants of t(8;21) involving chromosomes 8 and 21 as well as another chromosome account for approximately 3% of acute myeloid leukemia patients. We report here a 30-year-old male patient with AML-M2. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis using dual-color fluorescence ETO and AML1 probes located at 8q22 and 21q22 ...
Goyal Manu - - 2010
Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) is different from other forms of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), to the reason being the potential devastating coagulopathy and the sensitivity to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (As 2 O 3 ). We hereby present a case of APL, morphologically distinct from the hypergranular ...
Asleson Anna D - - 2010
Oncogene amplification resulting in aberrant expression, although common in solid tumors, is rare in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is mostly associated with amplification of MYC, RUNX1, and MLL genes. Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) and other target sequences at 17p11.2 often represent the amplicons expressed in breast cancer, not ...
Saito Hajime - - 2010
We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with two unrelated clones, one of which was t(11;17)(q23;q25) carrying MLL-SEPT9 fusion transcripts. The patient was a 71-year-old man who was diagnosed with AML M0 and received multiple chemotherapy regimens, including DNA topoisomerase II inhibitors. Although the karyotype of bone marrow ...
Parkin Brian - - 2010
Genomic aberrations are of predominant importance to the biology and clinical outcome of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), and conventional karyotype-based risk classifications are routinely used in clinical decision making in AML. One of the known limitations of cytogenetic analysis is the inability to detect genomic abnormalities less than ...
Stevens Servi J C - - 2010
A 55-year-old man sought care for aggressive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which developed 8 years after he had received chemotherapeutic treatment for nephrotic syndrome. The sole cytogenetic abnormality observed in bone marrow-derived metaphases was a t(4;11)(q21;q23), which is a frequently occurring translocation in ALL. However, subsequent reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ...
Chattopadhyay Anuja - - 2010
We studied a case of a 72-year-old man with acute promyelocytic leukemia and a t(3;17)(p25;q21). Fluorescence in situ hybridization failed to show rearrangement of the PML (promyelocytic leukemia protein) locus but did demonstrate relocalization of the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) to chromosome 3. We performed a modified panhandle polymerase ...
Shearer Brandon M - - 2010
Approximately 2-3% of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia harbor a rearrangement of RPN1 (at 3q21) and EVI1 (at 3q26.2) as inv(3)(q21q26.2), t(3;3)(q21;q26.2), or ins(3;3)(q26.2;q21q26.2). The most recent World Health Organization (WHO) classification has designated AML with inv(3) or t(3;3) and associated RPN1/EVI1 fusion, as a distinct AML subgroup associated ...
Tirado Carlos A - - 2010
Myeloid sarcoma is an extramedullary tumor mass composed of immature myeloid cells. Myeloid sarcoma may develop de novo, concurrently with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), or at relapse. Although myeloid sarcoma can occur at any site, myeloid sarcoma involving the heart is extremely rare. Reported here is the case of a ...
Tirado Carlos A - - 2010
Coexistence of inv(16) and t(9;22) is a rare chromosomal aberration, one that has been described in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), mainly in myeloid blast crisis, and de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Approximately 14 cases have been reported, including only 1 pediatric case. Here we present the case of a ...
Keefe Jeannette G - - 2010
Chromosomal rearrangements involving the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene at 11q23 are frequent in adult and childhood acute leukemia and have been associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Recent evidence suggests that MLL gene partners may influence prognosis. Five translocations account for approximately 80% of MLL rearrangements: t(4;11)(q21;q23), AFF1/MLL; t(6;11)(q27;q23), MLLT4/MLL; ...
S?rov? Iveta - - 2010
Gene amplification is a frequent genetic abnormality in solid tumors, and many oncogenes are activated in this way. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a frequent target of gene amplification is chromosome 11, particularly chromosome region 11q23, including the MLL (myeloid/lymphoid leukemia) gene. However, the number of other amplicons from the ...
von Neuhoff Christine - - 2010
PURPOSE: Because cytogenetic data are essential for risk stratification of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the impact of chromosomal aberrations is crucial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of a large group of patients younger than 18 years treated according to study AML-Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) 98 (n = 454), including their cytogenetics, were ...
Harrison Christine J CJ Leukaemia Research Cytogenetics Group, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Queen Victoria Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK. - - 2010
Karyotype is an independent indicator of prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is widely applied to risk-adapted therapy. Because AML is rare in children, the true prognostic significance of individual chromosomal abnormalities in this age group remains unclear. This cytogenetic study of 729 childhood patients classified them into 22 ...
Bae Sook Young - - 2010
Variants of the t(8;21)(q22;q22) involving chromosome 8, 21, and other chromosomes account for approximately 3% of all t(8;21)(q22;q22) found in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The clinicopathologic features of AML with the variant t(8;21) have not been well established. We report three cases of AML with variants of t(8;21) ...
Walz Christoph - - 2010
Reciprocal RARA-PML transcripts are not detected in approximately 25% of patients with PML-RARA positive acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), but the reasons for this are poorly understood. We studied 21 PML-RARA positive/RARA-PML negative cases by bubble PCR and multiplex long template PCR to identify the genomic breakpoints. Additional RT-PCR analysis was ...
Balgobind B V - - 2010
Overexpression of the ecotropic virus integration-1 (EVI1) gene (EVI1+), localized at chromosome 3q26, is associated with adverse outcome in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In pediatric AML, 3q26 abnormalities are rare, and the role of EVI1 is unknown. We studied 228 pediatric AML samples for EVI1+ using gene expression profiling ...
Valencia Ana - - 2010
The usefulness of the new Chromoprobe Multiprobe AML Panel was evaluated in 80 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in parallel with conventional cytogenetics. We observed a high concordance using both methods, but the panel was very useful in the detection of an inv(16)(p13q22), a cryptic t(15;17)(q22;q21), and a cryptic ...
Oliveira Fábio Morato de - - 2010
We report a case of acute monoblastic leukemia showing a jumping translocation with the MLL gene in a 17-year-old male. Classic cytogenetic and spectral karyotyping revealed a complex karyotype, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated amplification of the MLL gene followed by translocation to chromosomes 15q, 17q, and 19q. ...
Patnaik Mrinal M - - 2010
Chromosome 8p11.2 translocations result in diverse oncogenic fusion genes involving FGFR1 or MYST3. Among 24,262 unique patient cytogenetic studies performed at the Mayo Clinic, 8p11.2 translocations were identified in 14 cases ( approximately 0.06%). FISH analysis was performed in 13 patients (12 had myeloid neoplasms) and revealed abnormalities of MYST3 ...
De Braekeleer Etienne - - 2010
Chromosomal rearrangements involving the MLL gene have been associated with many different types of hematological malignancies. Most of them are easily recognized by conventional cytogenetics. However, in some cases, complex, unusual or cryptic rearrangements make the MLL involvement difficult or impossible to be detected by conventional cytogenetics. Fluorescent in situ ...
Kim Myungshin - - 2010
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a t(15;17)(q22;q21) rearrangement. Additional chromosomal rearrangements have been reported in 25-40% of APL patients. The most common abnormality involving chromosome 17 is ider(17). Here we report the case of a patient with APL with isochromosome 17q combined with ider(17), confirmed by fluorescence in ...
Lee Sang-Guk - - 2010
Translocations involving mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene at 11q23 are associated with de novo acute leukemia as well as therapy-related acute leukemia. More than 100 different translocations involving MLL have been described in acute leukemia, with more than 60 translocation partner genes characterized on the molecular level. In addition to ...
Bruy?re H?l?ne - - 2010
A 61-year-old male patient presented with very high blood white cell count, left shift of granulocytes to blasts, as well as low hemoglobin and platelets. The bone marrow aspirate and biopsy were consistent with an acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Blasts presented with large azurophilic inclusions and prominent Auer rods resembling ...
Jones Dan D Department of Hematopathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2010
In cancer genomes, changes observed during tumor progression can be difficult to separate from nonspecific accumulation of cytogenetic changes due to cancer-associated genetic instability. We studied genetic changes occurring over time in cancers presenting with a relatively simple karyotype, namely two related core-binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs), to ...
Park Il Joong - - 2010
The t(16;21)(q24;q22), a rare chromosomal translocation involving chromosome 21 in de novo and therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML), produces a RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion gene (previously AML1-MTG16) fusion gene. The translocation has been reported in 20 patients with AML, with eosinophilia present in 3 cases. Here we report a pediatric case of ...
Manola Kalliopi N - - 2010
Isochromosome of the long arm of the derivative chromosome 17, originating from the translocation t(15;17) [ider(17)(q10)t(15;17) or ider(17q)] in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), is a rare chromosome aberration which has been associated with a poor prognosis. In the present study, we report on 4 male APL patients with ider(17q) and ...
Jang Ja-Hyun - - 2010
A 57-yr-old woman was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with maturation, based on morphological and cytochemical/immunophenotypic findings on bone marrow studies. Conventional cytogenetic analysis using bone marrow cells revealed terminal deletion of the short arm of an X chromosome as 46,X,del(X)(p21)[8]/46,XX[12]. On the other hand, fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Alvarez Sara - - 2010
Aberrant promoter DNA methylation has been shown to play a role in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) pathophysiology. However, further studies to discuss the prognostic value and the relationship of the epigenetic signatures with defined genomic rearrangements in acute myeloid leukemia are required. We carried out high-throughput methylation profiling on 116 ...
Bullinger L - - 2010
Recent advances in genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses have revealed previously unrecognized microdeletions and uniparental disomy (UPD) in a broad spectrum of human cancers. As acute myeloid leukemia (AML) represents a genetically heterogeneous disease, this technology might prove helpful, especially for cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML) cases. Thus, we performed high-resolution ...
Olde Nordkamp Louise - - 2009
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as t(9;22)(q34;q11) (ABL/BCR), t(12;21)(p13;q22) (TEL/AML1), and t(11q23) (MLL) are independent prognostic indicators in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia resulting in risk adapted therapy. Accurate and rapid detection of these abnormalities is mandatory, which is achieved by karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and real time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase ...
Krstic Aleksandra Drago - - 2009
We report on a case of childhood B-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Conventional cytogenetic analysis at diagnosis showed the karyotype: 47,XY,add(3)(q?),-12,+2mar[4]/46,XY[18]. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed a complex rearrangement: 47,XY,der(3)(3pter->3q29::12q13->12q24.33::12p13.31->12p13.2::12q24.33->12qter),der(12)(12pter->12p13.31::12p12.3->12q12::3q29->3qter),+del(21)(q?). The derivative chromosome 3 arose likely from multiple events due to clonal evolution. After insertion of the segment ...
Wang Huan-You - - 2010
t(8;21)(q22;q22) giving rise to RUNX1/RUNX1T1 fusion transcript is a recurrent non-random chromosomal translocation, accounting for approximately 5% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia and 10% of acute myeloid leukemia with maturation. Studies have demonstrated so far that t(8;21)(q22;q22) occurs only in acute myeloid leukemia, and B lymphoblastic leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) ...
Gregory John - - 2009
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a relatively rare form of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). In the United States, APL in children constitutes only 5% to 10% of AML. Molecularly, the disease is characterized by a fusion protein, promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid receptor (RAR)-alpha that results from a balanced reciprocal translocation ...
Shimoyama Manabu - - 2009
Isodicentric chromosome 21, idic(21)(p11.2), is a rare but recurrent cytogenetic aberration in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We describe here a novel case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with double idic(21)(p11.2). A 35-year-old man was diagnosed as having de novo AML with multilineage dysplasia because of 30% myeloperoxidase-positive blasts and trilineage dysplasia ...
Tiu Ramon V - - 2009
Cytogenetics is the primary outcome predictor in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Metaphase cytogenetics (MC) detects an abnormal karyotype in only half of patients with AML, however. Single nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) can detect acquired somatic uniparental disomy (UPD) and other cryptic defects, even in samples deemed normal by MC. We ...
Deisch Jeremy - - 2009
An association between intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) and the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene has never been demonstrated. Here, we report an IVLBCL in a 47-year-old Asian man. Morphologically, the atypical lymphoid infiltrate was entirely confined in the lumina of capillaries, small vessels, and sinusoidal space. Within the kidney, ...
de Figueiredo Amanda Faria - - 2009
Hyperdiploidy is rarely observed in childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Described here is the case of a 2(1/2)-year-old girl with AML-M5 and 51 chromosomes characterized by double tetrasomy of chromosomes 8 and 21 and also a neocentric derivative chromosome neo(1)(qter-->q23 approximately 24::q23 approximately 24-->q43-->neo-->q43-->qter). Little is known about the prognostic ...
Freeman Christopher E - - 2009
The most frequent chromosomal rearrangement reported in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is t(15; 17) (q22; q21). The t(15; 17) generates the PML/RARA fusion gene that blocks the transcription of genes involved in myeloid cell differentiation. A small number of simple and complex variants of the classical t(15; 17) have been ...
Maitta Robert W - - 2009
Chromosomal rearrangements and amplification of the MLL gene at 11q23 are common abnormalities found in patients with severe myelodysplastic disorders and lymphoid and acute myeloid leukemias. MLL rearrangements are associated with aggressive disease in both children and adults, with current evidence suggesting that MLL alterations are associated with a poor ...
Liu Han - - 2009
Human leukemias with chromosomal band 11q23 aberrations that disrupt the MLL/HRX/ALL-1 gene portend poor prognosis. MLL associated leukemias account for the majority of infant leukemia, approximately 10% of adult de novo leukemia and approximately 33% of therapy related acute leukemia with a balanced chromosome translocation. The 500 kD MLL precursor ...
Balgobind Brian V BV Department of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2009
Translocations involving chromosome 11q23 frequently occur in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and are associated with poor prognosis. In most cases, the MLL gene is involved, and more than 50 translocation partners have been described. Clinical outcome data of the 11q23-rearranged subgroups are scarce because most 11q23 series are too ...
Cheng Y - - 2009
Geographic heterogeneity of cytogenetic patterns in hematological malignancies has been reported earlier, but few systematic studies of cytogenetic abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients are available. We examined the karyotypic patterns in 1432 de novo AML patients from a single center in China and compared our data with reports ...
Wang Huan-Ping - - 2010
We describe here a unique chromosomal abnormality found in a patient with M(3r) subtype of APL. Neither t(15;17) nor rearrangement of RARalpha was detected by routine R-banded chromosome as well as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using PML/RARalpha dual-color dual-fusion translocation probe and RARalpha dual-color break apart rearrangement probe. ...
Haraguchi Kouichi - - 2009
Most cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are characterized by the reciprocal translocation t(15;17); however, several complex variant translocations have also been reported. Here we report complex cytogenetic abnormalities without t(15;17) assayed by the G-banding method in a 62-year-old woman with the typical morphology and clinical features of APL. Based ...
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