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Fauth C - - 2001
Paracentric inversions in chromosome 19 have rarely been described. Here we present an inv(19)(p11p13.1) with a breakpoint in the pericentromeric heterochromatin which leads to an additional dark G-band in the p-arm of chromosome 19. The rearranged chromosome segregated in two generations of a family without any phenotypic effects. A detailed ...
Bonvicino C R - - 2001
We analysed polymorphism for pericentric inversion in chromosome 3 of Oligoryzomys nigripes (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) in several populations in Brazil and examined the meiotic behaviour of this chromosome in heterozygotes. We observed an orderly pairing of all chromosomes at pachytene in heterozygotes for the inverted chromosome 3. No indication of meiotic ...
Wang R - - 2001
Genetic distance measurements are an important tool to differentiate field populations of disease vectors such as the mosquito vectors of malaria. Here, we have measured the genetic differentiation between Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles gambiae, as well as between proposed emerging species of the latter taxon, in whole genome scans by ...
Rodriguez C - - 2001
Gametic disequilibria between second chromosome polymorphic arrangements and seven linked allozyme loci were estimated in seven populations of Drosophila buzzatii from Argentina. Significant and consistent associations across populations were detected for Est-1, Est-2, Aldox, and XDH: Phenograms based on Nei's genetic distance showed that chromosomes carrying the 2ST arrangement were ...
Salihu H M - - 2001
A total of 2741 high-risk pregnant mothers underwent invasive prenatal procedures, and in 94 of them (3.4%), fetal chromosomal or genetic anomalies were detected. In this study, we report on single pericentric inversions of chromosome 9 as well as translocations, which constituted 32% (30 of 94) and 16% (15 of ...
Escudero T - - 2001
Inversions are structural chromosome abnormalities that may be associated with infertility, multiple miscarriage and chromosomally unbalanced offspring. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with subtelomeric probes was used to select for transfer only those embryos that were normal or balanced for three pericentric inversions. In contrast to previous protocols the present procedure ...
Podemski L - - 2001
Inversions of genetic segments during the evolution of Drosophila are well documented in the X chromosome and most autosomes, but little attention has been paid to chromosome 4, the smallest autosome or "dot chromosome" present in many Drosophila species. From our previous mapping we have defined probes that mark proximal, ...
Tadin M - - 2001
Ambras syndrome (AMS) is a unique form of congenital universal hypertrichosis. The syndrome has been found in association with rearrangements of chromosome 8 in two isolated cases. One of these patients was reported to have an apparently balanced paracentric inversion of chromosome 8, inv(8)(q12q22). Our cytogenetic analysis on this patient ...
Leegte B - - 2001
We report a prenatal case of a maternally inherited abnormal chromosome 16, originally interpreted as a pericentric inversion only, but after family studies re-interpreted as a pericentric inversion (16) accompanied by an unbalanced (7;16) translocation. Because of the inversion 16 and an elder son with developmental delay and craniofacial dysmorphic ...
Blank W A - - 2001
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and DNA hybridization data were used to construct a chromosomal map of Mycoplasma flocculare ATCC 27716, a non-pathogenic inhabitant of porcine respiratory tracts. Twenty-one genetic markers were placed on the map. Comparison of the genetic map with that of the closely related Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae strain J(T), the ...
Paoloni-Giacobino A - - 2001
In 1990 we reported the case of a 17 years old girl with growth retardation, overweight and primary amenorrhea, presenting a de novo chromosomal rearrangement cytogenetically characterized as a paracentric inversion of the short arm of X chromosome. The FISH analyses that were recently performed, revealed that in fact our ...
Zheng B - - 2001
Chromosomal rearrangements have been instrumental in genetic studies in Drosophila. Visibly marked deficiencies (deletions) are used in mapping studies and region-specific mutagenesis screens by providing segmental haploidy required to uncover recessive mutations. Marked recessive lethal inversions are used as balancer chromosomes to maintain recessive lethal mutations and to maintain the ...
Guijo M I - - 2001
The behavior of chromosomal inversions in Escherichia coli depends upon the region they affect. Regions flanking the replication terminus have been termed nondivisible zones (NDZ) because inversions ending in the region were either deleterious or not feasible. This regional phenomenon is further analyzed here. Thirty segments distributed between 23 and ...
Kumamoto A T - - 2001
A neonate male owl monkey (Aotus sp.) was identified cytogenetically as a hybrid after it failed to nurse and died. Phenotypically, the male parent possessed characteristics of the "gray-neck group," and G-banded karyotypes identified him as Aotus lemurinus griseimembra (2n = 53), heterozygous for the centric fusion of chromosomes 13 ...
Giglio S - - 2001
The olfactory receptor (OR)-gene superfamily is the largest in the mammalian genome. Several of the human OR genes appear in clusters with > or = 10 members located on almost all human chromosomes, and some chromosomes contain more than one cluster. We demonstrate, by experimental and in silico data, that ...
Shikazono N - - 2001
To elucidate the nature of structural alterations in plants, three carbon ion-induced mutations in Arabidopsis thaliana, gl1-3, tt4(C1), and ttg1-21, were analyzed. The gl1-3 mutation was found to be generated by an inversion of a fragment that contained GL1 and Atpk7 loci on chromosome 3. The size of the inverted ...
Raudsepp T - - 2001
A total of 32 loci comprising specific genes, microsatellites and anonymous BAC clones from horse and cattle were mapped on donkey chromosomes. Of these, 13 markers were also mapped for the first time in the horse. This information, together with that previously available in donkey and horse updates the comparative ...
Iannuzzi L - - 2001
Sixteen male Podolian cattle, two sires and their 14 male offspring, were investigated cytogenetically on the basis of a female-like phenotype found in one of them. Eleven male offspring, including the one with female traits, and one of the two sires were found to carry an abnormal Y chromosome which ...
Volobouev V T - - 2001
Chromosome banding analysis (R- and C-bands) of two 38-chromosome Mastomys specimens originating from the Ivory Coast and Uganda revealed different numbers of autosome arms (NFa), equal to 51 and 60, respectively. Comparison of their chromosome banding patterns with those of Mastomys specimens from the Sudan (NFa = 41) and Senegal ...
Georgiev S - - 2001
The transcriptional activity of NORs in a new structural mutant of barley (PK-88-4) was studied based on the positive reaction of NORs of metaphase chromosomes with AgNO3 and the number and size of silver-stained nucleoli in somatic interphase cells and meiocytes. PK-88-4 proved to contain a pericentric inversion that split ...
O'Grady P M - - 2001
Polytene chromosome banding patterns have long been used by Drosophila evolutionists to infer degree of relatedness among taxa. Recently, nucleotide sequences have preempted this traditional method. We place the classical Drosophila evolutionary biology tools of polytene chromosome inversion analysis in a phylogenetic context and assess their utility in comparison to ...
Mrasek K - - 2001
The origin of the human and great ape chromosomes has been studied by comparative chromosome banding analysis and, more recently, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using human whole-chromosome painting probes. It is not always possible, however, to determine the exact breakpoints and distribution or orientation of specific DNA regions ...
Gutiérrez-Angulo M - - 2001
In search of a 9q13 latent centromere in 9qh polymorphic inversions: The presence of alphoid sequences in 9q13 has prompted the suggestion that such a region could harbor a latent centromere which under certain circumstances may appear as a neocentromere. We tested this hypothesis by means of FISH with a ...
Cook S A - - 2001
The paracentric inversion In(3)55Rk on mouse Chromosome 3 (Chr 3) was induced by cesium irradiation. Genetic crosses indicate the proximal breakpoint cosegregates with D3Mit324 and D3Mit92; the distal breakpoint cosegregates with D3Mit127, D3Mit160, and D3Mit200. Giemsa-banded chromosomes show the inversion spans approximately 80% of Chr 3. The proximal breakpoint occurs ...
Leonard N J - - 2000
Alobar holoprosencephaly (HPE) was identified by ultrasonography at 18 weeks' gestation in a fetus of a 29-year-old G2P0A1 woman. HPE has been described in association with various chromosomal anomalies. Amniocentesis was performed and a rearrangement of chromosome 18 resembling an isochromosome for the long arm of chromosome 18 was found. ...
Barekzi N - - 2000
The genomes of the two clonally derived Pseudomonas aeruginosa prototypic strains PAO1 and DSM-1707 differ by the presence of a 2. 19-Mb inversion including oriC. Integration of two Flp recombinase target sites near the rrn operons containing the inversion endpoints in PAO1 led to Flp-catalyzed inversion of the intervening 1.59-Mb ...
Dia I - - 2000
The polymorphism of paracentric inversions of Anopheles funestus polytene chromosomes was studied in three villages (Nkoteng, Obala, and Simbock) located in a forest area of South Cameroon in order to analyse the genetic structure of these populations. A total of 146-210 chromatids could be scored from specimens collected over about ...
Tomomasa H - - 2000
The authors report a case with pericentric inversion of the Y chromosome associated with asthenonecrozoospermia. The conventional karyotype was 46, X, inv (Y) (p11q11). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis revealed the deletion of DYZ3, DYS139, and RBM1. Three-color fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of the sperm chromosomes showed normal ...
Evgen'ev M B - - 2000
Species of the virilis group of Drosophila differ by multiple inversions and chromosome fusions that probably accompanied, or led to, speciation. Drosophila virilis has the primitive karyotype for the group, and natural populations are exceptional in having no chromosomal polymorphisms. We report that the genomic locations of Penelope and Ulysses ...
Zapata C - - 2000
Seasonal variation (spring, early summer, late summer, and autumn) of gametic disequilibrium between gene arrangements (OST and O3+4) of the O chromosome and Lap, Pept-1, and Acph allozyme loci, located inside these inversions, has been recorded in a natural population of Drosophila subobscura during seven years over a 15-year period. ...
Hill R W - - 2000
The tridacnid clams maintain symbiotic associations with certain dinoflagellates (termed zooxanthellae). Tridacnids are thus candidates to have high tissue concentrations of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a tertiary sulfonium compound that is not synthesized by animals but is commonly produced by dinoflagellates. This study establishes that DMSP is about an order of magnitude ...
Batanian J R - - 2000
Inversion 16(p13q22) is most commonly associated with acute myelomonocytic leukemia with abnormal eosinophils (M4). In association with this inversion, a proximal deletion at the 16p13 primary arm breakpoint occurs in 20% of cases. We report on a first case of inversion 16 with a distal deletion at the primary arm ...
Dia I - - 2000
The polymorphism of paracentric inversions of An. funestus polytene chromosomes was studied along a transect in Senegal in order to assess their variations at the spatial and temporal level. There was an increase in the degree of chromosomal polymorphism from the West to South-East. At the geographical level the variations ...
Cornel A J - - 2000
Low-resolution chromosomal homology between Anopheles gambiae and A. albimanus was determined by polytene chromosome in situ cross hybridization of 17 recombinant DNA and PCR products hybridizing to 23 loci. Hybridization results reflect that the chromosomes have rearranged in the form of autosomal whole-arm translocations and numerous paracentric inversions and not ...
Gourzi P - - 2000
The construction of the first balancer chromosome, FiM1, for the medfly Ceratitis capitata is described. This chromosome has three overlapping pericentric inversions and is marked with dominant and recessive mutations. The inversion breakpoints of FiM1 suppress recombination throughout the length of the fifth chromosome, allowing lethal mutations to be recovered ...
Peng H W - - 2000
We describe four male members of a Chinese family, including the father and three sons, with hereditary cyclic neutropenia. These patients had all developed cyclic neutropenia in childhood with a cycle of around 21 d. Recurrent mucosa and skin infections with fever had occurred frequently, but gradually decreased in severity ...
Fernández Iriarte P - - 2000
Inversion polymorphisms often have been associated with fitness variation. Cactophilic Drosophila buzzatii has been used widely for the study of the maintenance of chromosomal variation. The purpose of this paper is to address the relative importance of variable selection regimes associated with the use of three different host cacti and ...
Causio F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The presence of a spermatogenesis locus (gene or gene complex) in the euchromatic region of the long arm of the Y chromosome (Yq11), defined as azoospermia factor on the basis of gross structural rearrangement, was detected. The gene family responsible for different spermatogenetic defects is "deleted in azoospermia" (DAZ). ...
Stanojević M - - 2000
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral (OAV) spectrum or Goldenhar syndrome is a complex and heterogeneous condition characterized by hemifacial microsomia (unilateral ear abnormalities and ipsilateral mandibular hypoplasia) as well as vertebral anomalies and epibulbar dermoids or lipodermoids. Although most cases of OAV spectrum are sporadic, both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inheritance have been ...
Navarro A - - 2000
Recombination is a main factor determining nucleotide variability in different regions of the genome. Chromosomal inversions, which are ubiquitous in the genus Drosophila, are known to reduce and redistribute recombination, and thus their specific effect on nucleotide variation may be of major importance as an explanatory factor for levels of ...
Petrarca V - - 2000
The species composition of malaria vector mosquitoes belonging to the Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera: Culicidae) from >40 localities in Sudan, representing most ecological situations, was determined by analysis of ovarian polytene chromosomes. Of 2162 females, 93% were identified as An. arabiensis Patton and 7% were An. gambiae Giles sensu stricto. ...
Subbarao S K - - 2000
Anopheles philippinensis mosquitoes were collected from 5 states in India: Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Nagaland. Half-gravid females were examined for variations in wing venation using the presector dark mark on vein I and polytene chromosomes derived from ovarian nurse cells. Polytene chromosomes were examined for diagnostic inversions, t ...
Remis M I - - 2000
Sinipta dalmani is a South American grasshopper that is chromosomally polymorphic for a pericentric inversion in the M4 pair. The inversion affects morphology, showing a negative average effect on body size. In the present work, male mating success was analysed in competition cages and possible correlations examined between this fitness ...
Angle B - - 2000
We report on a male infant with partial trisomy 2q (q34-->qter) resulting from a maternal pericentric inversion of chromosome 2 (p25. 2q34). The infant had clinical findings similar to the characteristic phenotype associated with a partial duplication of chromosome 2q3. Carriers of pericentric inversions of chromosome 2 have an increased ...
Graw S L - - 2000
Rec8 syndrome (also known as "recombinant 8 syndrome" and "San Luis Valley syndrome") is a chromosomal disorder found in individuals of Hispanic descent with ancestry from the San Luis Valley of southern Colorado and northern New Mexico. Affected individuals typically have mental retardation, congenital heart defects, seizures, a characteristic facial ...
Safar A - - 2000
Chondromyxoid fibroma is a rare benign bone tumor most commonly arising in the metaphysis of long bones in young adults. Histopathologically, chondromyxoid fibroma may be difficult to distinguish from other cartilaginous neoplasms. Recently, a pericentric inversion of chromosome 6 [inv(6)(p25q13)] has been proposed as a specific genetic marker for chondromyxoid ...
Ramírez C C - - 2000
An analysis of the ovarian polytene chromosomes of Anopheles cruzii from three localities in Southeast Brazil revealed the existence of two genetic entities within this morphologically uniform taxon. These cryptic species differed in the banding patterns of the X chromosome and 3L arm. A pattern of bands that cannot be ...
Müller S - - 2000
Chromosome painting in placental mammalians illustrates that genome evolution is marked by chromosomal synteny conservation and that the association of chromosomes 3 and 21 may be the largest widely conserved syntenic block known for mammals. We studied intrachromosomal rearrangements of the syntenic block 3/21 by using probes derived from chromosomal ...
Dufke A - - 2000
In a girl presenting with features of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic analysis revealed a rearranged chromosome 4 with monosomy of the distal bands 4pter-->4p16.2 and trisomy of the distal bands 4q35.1-->4qter [rec dup(4q)] due to a large, paternal pericentric inversion. In the following two pregnancies, prenatal diagnosis showed ...
Dávalos I P - - 2000
Only nine non-polymorphic constitutional pericentric inversions of chromosome 9 have been described. We report on a familial inv(9)(p24q13) associated with sterility in three brothers. The mother's chromosomes were normal in blood lymphocytes (n=130); the father was already deceased and his karyotype unknown. However, the presence of any of the maternal ...
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