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Wellesley Diana - - 2012
The aim of this study is to quantify the prevalence and types of rare chromosome abnormalities (RCAs) in Europe for 2000-2006 inclusive, and to describe prenatal diagnosis rates and pregnancy outcome. Data held by the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies database were analysed on all the cases from 16 population-based ...
Orioli Iêda M - - 2011
Cyclopia is characterized by the presence of a single eye, with varying degrees of doubling of the intrinsic ocular structures, located in the middle of the face. It is the severest facial expression of the holoprosencephaly (HPE) spectrum. This study describes the prevalence, associated malformations, and maternal characteristics among cases ...
Frøslev-Friis Christina - - 2011
Prenatal screening for karyotype anom-alies takes place in most European countries. In Denmark, the screening method was changed in 2005. The aim of this study was to study the trends in prevalence and prenatal detection rates of chromosome anomalies and Down syndrome (DS) over a 22-year period. The study was ...
Demirhan Osman - - 2011
Aim: The purpose of this article was to evaluate the reliability of maternal serum triple marker screening of alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin, and unconjugated estriol for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosomal abnormalities in Turkish pregnant women. Method: Medical records were used to analyze indications of amniocentesis and quantitative fluorescent-polymerase ...
Papenhausen Peter - - 2011
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based chromosome microarrays provide both a high-density whole genome analysis of copy number and genotype. In the past 21 months we have analyzed over 13,000 samples primarily referred for developmental delay using the Affymetrix SNP/CN 6.0 version array platform. In addition to copy number, we have ...
Masarweh Ma'in - - 2011
Most chromosome 3 deletions are associated with neuro-developmental and eye abnormalities. Here, we report a rare and unusual multiple congenital abnormality, including ano-rectal malformation, in conjunction with chromosome 3q29 segment deletion, which has not previously been reported. A three-month-old female Jordanian baby presented with an absent anus and corneal opacities ...
Rumpold Holger - - 2011
CML is characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome, which is the product of a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 that results in the formation of BCR-ABL1. Apart from its diagnostic importance in CML patients BCR-ABL1 it is a potent oncogene. The natural evolution of CML is ...
Balkan M - - 2011
To investigate the indications of amniocentesis for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities among a sample of patients in Southeast Turkey. Between 2004 and 2007, 1,068 second-trimester amniocentesis tests were performed in the Medical Biology and Genetics Department Laboratory at Dicle University. Amniotic fluids were cultured by using long-term tissue culture ...
Korgaonkar Seema - - 2011
Primary amenorrhea (PA) refers to the absence of menarche by the age of 16-18 years although secondary sexual characters are developed. PA occurs in 1-3% of women in the reproductive age group. Various factors such as anatomical, genetic and hormonal factors reported to influence PA. We report triple chromosomal abnormalities ...
Goldman John M - - 2010
Patients with splenomegaly and abnormally high leukocyte counts were first recognized in France, Germany, and Scotland in the 1840s. The only well-documented therapy in the 19th century was use of arsenic in one or other form, which did undoubtedly reduce the leukocyte count but probably did little or nothing to ...
Spanoudakis Emmanouil - - 2011
Telomere exhaustion and increased telomerase activity are associated with the acquisition of aggressive molecular events in a variety of haematological malignancies. In Philadelphia chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph(neg)MPN's), telomere dynamics during clonal evolution of these diseases have not yet been fully elucidated. Herein we demonstrated that telomere shortening is a ...
Toydemir Reha - - 2010
Rearrangements of chromosome 3 involving bands 3q21 and 3q26 have been reported in about 2% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia, and rarely in myelodysplastic syndrome or chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). To date, only six cases of inversion of both homologues have been reported. Loss of normal chromosome 3 and ...
Mishra Aparajita - - 2010
Philadelphia chromosome (Ph(1))-positive Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) in a child below the age of 3 years is extremely rare. We have reported such a case in a 3 year old male child. Peripheral blood smear revealed features of CML and karyotypic study showed (Ph(1)) positivity. Biologic behaviour and prognosis are similar to ...
Score J - - 2010
We sought to understand the genesis of the t(9;22) by characterizing genomic breakpoints in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and BCR-ABL-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). BCR-ABL breakpoints were identified in p190 ALL (n=25), p210 ALL (n=25) and p210 CML (n=32); reciprocal breakpoints were identified in 54 cases. No evidence for significant ...
Wang Xingwei - - 2010
Karyotyping is an important process to classify chromosomes into standard classes and the results are routinely used by the clinicians to diagnose cancers and genetic diseases. However, visual karyotyping using microscopic images is time-consuming and tedious, which reduces the diagnostic efficiency and accuracy. Although many efforts have been made to ...
Zaccaria Alfonso - - 2010
Additional chromosome abnormalities (ACAs) occur in less than 10% of cases at diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). In some cases, on the basis of the persistence of the ACAs in Ph-negative cells after response to imatinib, a secondary origin of the Ph chromosome has been demonstrated. ...
Suh Borum - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the pericentric inversion of chromosome 9, inv(9)(p11q13), is generally considered a normal variation, it is also associated with solid tumors and several hematologic malignancies such as biphenotypic acute leukemia, ALL, AML, and myeloproliferative neoplasms. However, to the best of our knowledge, there have been no reports that suggest ...
Oshikawa Gaku - - 2010
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with the e19a2 transcript coding for p230 is typically associated with a benign clinical course unless accompanied at presentation with additional chromosomal abnormalities. We report here a case of CML with e19a2 who did not show additional chromosomal abnormalities at diagnosis, but progressed to the fatal ...
Stagno Fabio - - 2010
Cytogenetic variants of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome can be observed in 5-8% of patients diagnosed with Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), and usually involve at least one chromosome other than 9 and 22. Despite the genetically heterogeneous nature of these alterations, available data indicate that CML patients displaying complex variant translocations ...
Lippert Eric - - 2010
In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), cytogenetic abnormalities found in addition to the t(9;22) translocation may impact the response to therapy. Loss of the Y chromosome is generally overlooked in this context, owing to its relatively frequent occurrence in healthy elderly patients. In this multicenter retrospective study, the outcome after imatinib ...
Boultwood J - - 2010
We have undertaken a genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis of 41 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. In total, 44 regions of uniparental disomy (UPD) >3 Mb were identified in 24 of 32 patients in chronic phase (CP), and 21 regions of UPD >3 Mb were identified in 13 ...
De Braekeleer Etienne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, resulting from a t(9;22)(q34;q11), is one of the most frequent chromosomal abnormalities observed among patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Main of study: To analyze the distribution of Ph chromosome-positive ALL patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional cytogenetic analysis was performed on bone marrow cells at ...
Albano F - - 2010
A crucial role of segmental duplications (SDs) of the human genome has been shown in chromosomal rearrangements associated with several genomic disorders. Limited knowledge is yet available on the molecular processes resulting in chromosomal rearrangements in tumors. The t(9;22)(q34;q11) rearrangement causing the 5'BCR/3'ABL gene formation has been detected in more ...
van Kogelenberg M - - 2010
Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is a brain malformation characterised by heterotopic nodules of neurons lining the walls of the cerebral ventricles. Mutations in FLNA account for 20-24% of instances but a majority have no identifiable genetic aetiology. Often the co-occurrence of PH with a chromosomal anomaly is used to infer a ...
Al Achkar Walid - - 2010
The so-called Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome is present in almost all cases with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Around 5-10% of these patients show complex translocations involving other chromosomes in addition to and/or besides chromosomes 9 and 22. As nowadays most CML cases are treated with Imatinib, variant rearrangements have in general ...
Saito Makoto - - 2010
An elderly woman with chronic myeloid leukemia-chronic phase (CML-CP) aged at 67 underwent imatinib therapy. Ph chromosomes gradually decreased, but imatinib was discontinued after 10 months because of aggravated skin eruptions. Three months later, myeloid blast crisis (MBC) occurred. DXR+VCR+PSL chemotherapy and imatinib therapy was administered, and return to CP ...
Al-Shehri Ali - - 2010
Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) infrequently present in blast crisis (BC). While most BC are of myeloid origin, megakaryocytic BC is rare, especially at the time of CML diagnosis. We describe the first pediatric patient presenting with megakaryocytic leukemia and having BCR-ABL1 translocation as the single chromosomal abnormality. Clinical ...
Peng Cong - - 2010
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased proliferation of granulocytic cells without the loss of their capability to differentiate. CML is derived from the hematopoietic stem cells (1) with the Philadelphia chromosome resulting from of a reciprocal translocation between the chromosomes 9 and 22 t(9;22)-(q34;q11). This ...
Virgili Anna - - 2010
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is characterized by the expression of the BCR/ABL1 fusion gene, a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase that commonly results from the formation of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome after a t(9;22)(q34;q11) or variant rearrangement. The duplication of the Ph chromosome is a recurring abnormality acquired during disease progression, ...
Nacheva Elisabeth P - - 2010
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) results from the neoplastic transformation of a haematopoietic stem cell. The hallmark genetic abnormality of CML is a chimeric BCR/ABL1 fusion gene resulting from the Philadelphia chromosome rearrangement t(9;22)(q34;q11). Clinical and laboratory studies indicate that the BCR/ABL1 fusion protein is essential for initiation, maintenance and progression ...
Albano Francesco - - 2010
The t(9;22)(q34;q11), generating the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, is found in more than 90% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). As a result of the translocation, the 3' portion of the ABL1 oncogene is transposed from 9q34 to the 5' portion of the BCR gene on chromosome 22 to form ...
Nowak Daniel - - 2010
To elucidate whether tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia is associated with characteristic genomic alterations, we analyzed DNA samples from 45 TKI-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia patients with 250K single nucleotide polymorphism arrays. From 20 patients, matched serial samples of pretreatment and TKI resistance time points were available. ...
Matsushita Hiromichi - - 2009
We herein report the findings of a 47-year-old Japanese female with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with a cryptic BCR-ABL1 transcript on chromosome 9 and a derivative chromosome 22 unrelated to BCR-ABL1. Although she achieved and continued to demonstrate a major molecular response to imatinib treatment following interferon-alpha, there was persistence ...
Palanduz Sukru - - 2009
We aimed to compare the cytogenetic and molecular analyses in the assessment of imatinib mesylate response in patients suffering the chronic phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia who were refractory to alpha-interferon treatment. A total of 117 patients in the chronic phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia were included. The patients were ...
Bennour Ayda - - 2009
The mechanisms for the formation of variant Philadelphia (Ph) translocations that occur in 5-10% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are not fully characterized. Studies on the prognosis of these variant translocations have yielded conflicting results, especially regarding imatinib outcome and the status of deletions on the derivative chromosome ...
Tan Jiahuai - - 2009
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is genetically characterized by the reciprocal translocation of chromosome 9 and 22. Around 5-8% of CML develop complex variant Ph translocations involving one or more chromosomal regions besides 9 and 22. Chromosome 3 is not frequently involved in complex translocations in CML. We report in this ...
Kelly JoAnn C - - 2009
We report a rare cryptic ins(12;9)(p13;q34q34), a chromosomal abnormality involving the ABL1 (9q34) and the ETV6 (alias TEL; 12p13) genes, detectable only by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), in a patient with Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Using reverse 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole banding on metaphase cells, FISH analysis with BCR/ABL dual-fusion and ...
Masuko Masayoshi - - 2009
Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome as a result of t (9; 22) (q34; q11) is observed in more than 90% of chromic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Cases in which the typical Ph chromosome is not visible at the karyotype level comprise 5-10% of CML patients. CML cases with fusion transcripts such as ...
Kondo Toshinori - - 2009
We studied the efficacy and pharmacokinetics of imatinib mesylate (IM) and bcr-abl expression in a Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myeloid leukemia (Ph + AML) patient, a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Although sufficient IM trough concentrations were maintained, bcr-abl transcripts revealed only one-log reduction with IM monotherapy, suggesting a resistance ...
Khoury Hanna Jean - - 2009
Dasatinib is a highly potent Bcr-Abl inhibitor that is approved for the treatment of imatinib-resistant or -intolerant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Across a series of phase 2 and 3 trials, dasatinib was associated with durable treatment responses in all phases of the disease and ...
McFarland K Leigh - - 2009
Chronic myeloid leukemia, the most common adult leukemia, is characterized by the Ph+ chromosome produced by the fusion of the BCR gene from chromosome 22 and the ABL gene from chromosome 9. Inhibition of the deleterious effects of this potent oncogene by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) imatinib has revolutionized ...
Chen Chi-Li - - 2009
With focus on the steric effects present in the transition states for the [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement, the substrate 5 has been designed to improve the overall stereoselectivity of the Ireland-Claisen rearrangement. Experimentally, it has been found that (1) only Z-6 rearranges to 7 at 80 degrees C and (2) E-6 isomerizes ...
Suh Borum - - 2009
The chromosomal abnormality der(9)t(1;9)(q11;q34) is a rare occurrence in patients with hematologic malignancies. As far as we know, only 3 cases of acute myeloid leukemia, 1 case of polycythemia vera, and 1 case of multiple myeloma with this derivative chromosome have been reported in the literature. Here we report the ...
Al Achkar Walid - - 2009
The well-known typical fusion gene BCR/ABL can be observed in connection with a complex translocation event in only 2-10% of cases with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). As currently most CML cases are treated with Imatinib, variant rearrangements have in general no specific prognostic significance, though the emergence of therapy resistance ...
Valencia Ana - - 2009
The Philadelphia (Ph(1)) chromosome arising from the reciprocal t(9;22) translocation is found in more than 90% of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients and results in the formation of the chimeric fusion gene BCR-ABL. However, a small proportion of patients with CML have simple or complex variants of this translocation, involving ...
Vefring Hege K - - 2009
The BCR-ABL fusion gene represents the hallmark of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and is derived from a translocation between chromosome 9 and 22. The majority of CML patients have a breakpoint in the major BCR region of the BCR gene giving rise to e13a2 or e14a2 BCR-ABL transcripts. Occasionally, other ...
Deluche Lauréline - - 2008
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the presence in leukemic stem cells of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) and the formation of the BCR-ABL1 fusion. Untreated, the disease progresses to accelerate phase and blast crisis in which hematopoietic differentiation has become arrested. CML progression is frequently associated ...
Jarkowski Anthony - - 2008
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder arising from a single genetic mutation that leads to an increase in immature myeloid cells in the bone marrow and the accumulation of these cells in the blood. Typically, CML represents 15-20% of all adult leukemias, with 4830 new cases expected in ...
Martínez-Fernández Mónica - - 2008
The proteomic changes occurring during speciation are fundamental to understand this process, though they have been rarely addressed until present. Therefore, we compared the proteome of two ecotypes (RB and SU) of the marine snail Littorina saxatilis, a case of sympatric incomplete speciation, originated as a byproduct of adaptation to ...
Tanaka Ruriko - - 2008
Treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has changed drastically with the emergence of the Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), imatinib mesylate. However, primary and secondary resistance have frequently been reported, particularly in patients with advanced-stage disease. Point mutations within the Abl kinase domain that interfere with imatinib binding are the ...
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