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Joshi Deepak - - 2014
Identification of the toe off event is critical in many gait applications. Accelerometer threshold based algorithms lack adaptability and have not been tested for transitions between locomotion states. We describe a new approach for toe off identification using one accelerometer in over ground and ramp walking, including transitions. The method ...
Seynnes Olivier R OR Norwegian School of Sport Sciences - - 2014
In the past twenty years, the use of ultrasound-based methods has become a standard approach to measure tendon mechanical properties in vivo. Yet, the multitude of methodological approaches adopted by various research groups probably contributes to the large variability of reported values. The technique of obtaining and relating tendon deformation ...
Khan Mubassira M The University of Texas at Austin, Dept of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, 301 E. Dean Keeton St. Stop C1761, ECJ Hall, Suite 6.9, Austin TX 78712-1172, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reports the findings from a study aimed at examining the effectiveness of shoulder rumble strips in reducing run-off-the-road (ROR) crashes on two-lane rural highways using the empirical Bayes (EB) before-and-after analysis method. Specifically, the study analyzed the effects of traffic volume, roadway geometry and paved right shoulder width ...
Tamburo E E Dip. Scienze della Terra e del Mare (DiSTeM), via Archirafi 36, 90123 Palermo, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coverage intervals for trace elements in human scalp hair commonly provide the basis for interpreting laboratory results and also in comparative decision-making processes regarding exposure risk assessment. This short communication documents, by some examples, that those computed for human hair are to be considered site specific, as they reflect local ...
Muzykewicz David A DA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA; Department of Veterans Affairs, San Diego, CA; Swiss Paraplegic Research, and the Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, Switzerland; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To compare active and passive reconstructive procedures for tetraplegia and their ability to produce a powerful grip and allow appropriate finger extension in a cadaveric model. Seventeen fresh-frozen hands were used, which included 5 in intrinsic minus and intrinsic activation conditions, 6 with Zancolli-lasso tenodeses, and 6 with modified House ...
Quental C C LAETA, IDMEC, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001, Lisbon, Portugal, - - 2014
The wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, UHMWPE, components has been associated with the failure of joint prostheses in the hip, knee, and shoulder. Considering that in vitro experiments are generally too expensive and time-consuming, computational models are an attractive alternative to study the wear behavior of UHMWPE components. The ...
Chatterjee Anjan A Department of Neurology, Pennsylvania Hospital, Penn Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Leder and Nadal (2014, this issue) examine the current state of scientific aesthetics through the lens of a prescient psychological model proposed 10 years ago. These retrospective points to several future directions of which I touch on three: the nature of aesthetic emotions, the time course of emotions in aesthetic episodes, ...
Leder Helmut H Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, - - 2014
About a decade ago, psychology of the arts started to gain momentum owing to a number of drives: technological progress improved the conditions under which art could be studied in the laboratory, neuroscience discovered the arts as an area of interest, and new theories offered a more comprehensive look at ...
Visconti Piero P Microsoft Research, 21 Station Road, Cambridge, CB1 2FB, United - - 2014
Systematic conservation planning optimizes trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and human activities by accounting for socioeconomic costs while aiming to achieve prescribed conservation objectives. However, the most cost-efficient conservation plan can be very dissimilar to any other plan achieving the set of conservation objectives. This is problematic under conditions of implementation ...
Dumas Raphaël R Université de Lyon, Lyon, France Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France UMR_T9406, Laboratoire de Biomécanique et Mécanique des Chocs (LBMC), IFSTTAR, Bron, France - - 2014
One of the open issues in musculoskeletal modelling remains the choice of the objective function that is used to solve the muscular redundancy problem. Some authors have recently proposed to introduce joint reaction forces in the objective function, and the question of the weights associated with musculo-tendon forces and joint ...
Trindade Daniel D Depto. de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-010, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Genomic information is being underlined in the format of biological pathways. Building these biological pathways is an ongoing demand and benefits from methods for extracting information from biomedical literature with the aid of text-mining tools. Here we hopefully guide you in the attempt of building a customized pathway or chart ...
Shim Vickie B VB Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Achilles tendon injuries including rupture are one of the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries, but the mechanisms for these injuries are still not fully understood. Previous in vivo and experimental studies suggest that tendon rupture mainly occurs in the tendon mid-section and predominantly more in men than women due to reasons ...
Jacobo Adrian A Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Laboratory of Sensory Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY - - 2014
The hair bundle, an apical specialization of the hair cell composed of several rows of regularly organized stereocilia and a kinocilium, is essential for mechanotransduction in the ear. Its precise organization allows the hair bundle to convert mechanical stimuli to electrical signals; mutations that alter the bundle's morphology often cause ...
Fukutani Atsuki A Research Organization of Science and Technology, Ritsumeikan University, KusatsuShiga, Japan Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Research Fellowship for Young Scientists, Chiyoda-kuTokyo, - - 2014
Achilles tendon length has been measured using a straight-line model. However, this model is associated with a greater measurement error compared with a curved-line model. Therefore, we examined the influence of neglecting the curved path of the Achilles tendon on its length change at various ranges of motion. Ten male ...
Song Mingli - - 2014
In the 3D facial animation and synthesis community, input faces are usually required to be labeled by a set of landmarks for parameterization. Because of the variations in pose, expression and resolution, automatic 3D face landmark localization remains a challenge. In this paper, a novel landmark localization approach is presented. ...
Shibata Yoshihiro Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kainan Hospital, Aichi Prefectual Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives for Health and Welfare, Yatomi, - - 2014
The peroneal tubercle is a small bony ridge located on the lateral wall on the calcaneus immediately inferior to the lateral malleolus and separates the peroneus brevis and peroneus longus tendons. The size and configuration of the peroneal tubercle has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peroneal tendon tears and ...
Richards John E JE Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, - - 2014
Accurate analysis of scalp-recorded electrical activity requires the identification of electrode locations in 3D space. For example, source analysis of EEG/ERP (electroencephalogram, EEG; event-related-potentials, ERP) with realistic head models requires the identification of electrode locations on the head model derived from structural MRI recordings. Electrode systems must cover the entire ...
Battini M M Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie e Sanità Pubblica, 20133 Milano, - - 2014
This paper reviews animal-based welfare indicators to develop a valid, reliable, and feasible on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats. The indicators were considered in the light of the 4 accepted principles (good feeding, good housing, good health, appropriate behavior) subdivided into 12 criteria developed by the European Welfare Quality ...
Shen Jianhong J Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN, 37203, - - 2014
Holistic processing is often used as a construct to characterize face recognition. An important recent study by Gold, Mundy, and Tjan (2012) quantified holistic processing by computing a facial-feature integration index derived from an ideal observer model. This index was mathematically defined as the ratio of the psychophysical contrast sensitivities squared ...
Kortier Henk G - - 2014
Tracking human body motions using inertial sensors has become a well-accepted method in ambulatory applications since the subject is not confined to a lab-bounded volume. However, a major drawback is the inability to estimate relative body positions over time because inertial sensor information only allows position tracking through strapdown integration, ...
Coward Trevor J - - 2014
Purpose: People with hemifacial microsomia may be missing an ear on the affected side of the face. The principal aim of the study was to develop a morphing technique and to determine whether it could be used to appropriately position an artificial ear, as well as to give an indication ...
Lóriga Josmaily J University of Munich (LMU), Systematic Botany and Mycology, Menzinger Str. 67, 80638 Munich, - - 2014
• Closing gaps in the fossil record and elucidating phylogenetic relationships of mostly incomplete fossils are major challenges in the reconstruction of the diversification of fern lineages through time. The cosmopolitan family Dryopteridaceae represents one of the most species-rich families of leptosporangiate ferns, yet its fossil record is sparse and ...
Braun O M OM Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 46 Science Avenue, 03028 Kiev, Ukraine, and International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, - - 2014
Inspired by spring-block models, we elaborate a "minimal" physical model of earthquakes which reproduces two main empirical seismological laws, the Gutenberg-Richter law and the Omori aftershock law. Our point is to demonstrate that the simultaneous incorporation of aging of contacts in the sliding interface and of elasticity of the sliding ...
Claes Peter P Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The potential of constructing useful DNA-based facial composites is forensically of great interest. Given the significant identity information coded in the human face these predictions could help investigations out of an impasse. Although, there is substantial evidence that much of the total variation in facial features is genetically mediated, the ...
Houghton David C DC Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, 4235 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2014
Psychological Inflexibility (PI) is a construct that has gained recent attention as a critical theoretical component of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). PI is typically measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). However, the AAQ-II has shown questionable reliability in clinical populations with specific diagnoses, leading to the creation ...
Steinisch Maria M Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical Faculty, Heidelberg University, Ludolf-Krehl-Str. 7-11, 68167 Mannheim, Germany; Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context, Shifting Asymmetries in Cultural Flows", Heidelberg University, Voßstr. 2, 69115 Heidelberg, - - 2014
Evidence on the association of work stress with cortisol levels is inconsistent and mostly stems from Western countries, with limited generalizability to other regions of the world. These inconsistencies may partly be due to methodological limitations associated with the measurement of cortisol secretion in saliva, serum or urine. The present ...
Guo Jianming J Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210046, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Liquorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Leguminosae. Licorice is described as 'National Venerable Master' in Chinese medicine and plays paradoxical roles, i.e. detoxification/strengthen efficacy and inducing/enhancing toxicity. Therefore, licorice was called "Two-Face" herb in this paper. The aim of this study is to discuss ...
Natale G G Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, - - 2014
Despite their importance in anatomy, physiology, pathology and surgery, the fasciae and the fascial spaces have been poorly described in classic textbooks. This little attention depends on the fact that these fasciae vary in thickness and composition, especially at the cervical level. Indeed, in the main literature they have been ...
Thomas Mohan M Department of Dermatology, Cosmetic Surgery Institute, Santacruz (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Smile is the defining element of the face, its impact holding utmost importance in the perception of feelings. Lip is an integral part for a perfectly perceived smile. The aim of the present manuscript is to present an innovative approach to smile improvement by lip design in Indian context. Thirty-five ...
Breuer Lukas L Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-4), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany; Department of Neurology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany; Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA) - Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods for neuroscience research. It is well known that artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming ...
Lancsar Emily E Centre for Health Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
External validity is a crucial but under-researched topic when considering using discrete choice experiment (DCE) results to inform decision making in clinical, commercial or policy contexts. We present the theory and tests traditionally used to explore external validity that focus on a comparison of final outcomes and review how this ...
Dawes Donald M DM Lompoc Valley Medical Center, Lompoc, CA, USA, - - 2014
Arrest-related deaths proximate to the use of a conducted electrical weapon (CEW) continue to generate controversy despite a better understanding of the multi-factorial nature of many of these deaths. With the rapid adoption of this technology by law enforcement, and the proliferation of companies entering the marketplace, it is important ...
Naik Ganesh - - 2014
Surface Electromyography (sEMG) is widely used in evaluating the functional status of the hand to assist in hand gesture recognition, prosthetics and rehabilitation applications. The sEMG is a non-invasive, easy to record signal of superficial muscles from the skin surface. Considering the non-stationary characteristics of sEMG, recent feature selection of ...
Wall Jake - - 2014
The expansion of global communication networks and advances in animal-tracking technology make possible the real-time telemetry of positional data as recorded by animal-attached tracking units. When combined with continuous, algorithm-based analytical capability, unique opportunities emerge for applied ecological monitoring and wildlife conservation. We present here four broad approaches for algorithmic ...
Li Tian-Ning TN Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews the existing depth of anaesthesia (DoA) monitors and their algorithms and also proposes to improve their performance from four aspects. An ideal DoA monitor should be able to suggest a personalised drug dosages, to predict and provide early warnings when dosages are inappropriate, to be portable and ...
Henriquez Craig S - - 2014
The last four decades have produced a number of significant advances in the developments of computer models to simulate and investigate the electrical activity of cardiac tissue. The tissue descriptions that underlie these simulations have been built from a combination of clever insight and careful comparison with measured data at ...
Lee Lik Chuan LC Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, California; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, - - 2014
Although computational modeling is common in many areas of science and engineering, only recently have advances in experimental techniques and medical imaging allowed this tool to be applied in cardiac surgery. Despite its infancy in cardiac surgery, computational modeling has been useful in calculating the effects of clinical devices and ...
Abdulameer Mohammed Hasan MH 0000-0002-4883-4800 Pattern Recognition Research Group, Centre for Artificial Intelligence Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bandar Baru Bangi, Malaysia ; Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Education for Women, University of Kufa, - - 2014
Active appearance model (AAM) is one of the most popular model-based approaches that have been extensively used to extract features by highly accurate modeling of human faces under various physical and environmental circumstances. However, in such active appearance model, fitting the model with original image is a challenging task. State ...
Zhao Junli J Engineering Research Center of Virtual Reality and Applications, Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Preservation and Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China ; College of Software and Technology, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
Craniofacial reconstruction is to estimate an individual's face model from its skull. It has a widespread application in forensic medicine, archeology, medical cosmetic surgery, and so forth. However, little attention is paid to the evaluation of craniofacial reconstruction. This paper proposes an objective method to evaluate globally and locally the ...
Wang Ting T Department of Computer Science and Technology, Ocean University of China, Songling Road 268th, Qingdao 266100, - - 2014
Facial nerve paralysis is a common disease due to nerve damage. Most approaches for evaluating the degree of facial paralysis rely on a set of different facial movements as commanded by doctors. Therefore, automatic recognition of the patterns of facial movement is fundamental to the evaluation of the degree of ...
Dahl Christoph D CD Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan - - 2014
The frequency to which an organism is exposed to a particular type of face influences recognition performance. For example, Asians are better in individuating Asian than Caucasian faces, known as the own-race advantage. Similarly, humans in general are better in individuating human than monkey faces, known as the own-species advantage. ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110129.].
Robertson Benjamin D BD Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, EB3-Room 4130, 911 Oval Drive, Campus Box 7115, Raleigh, NC 27695, - - 2014
Development of robotic exoskeletons to assist/enhance human locomotor performance involves lengthy prototyping, testing, and analysis. This process is further convoluted by variability in limb/body morphology and preferred gait patterns between individuals. In an attempt to expedite this process, and establish a physiological basis for actuator prescription, we developed a simple, ...
Fujino Yoshihisa Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2013
The Statement of Fitness for Work, so called Fit Note, was introduced in the UK in 2010. Physicians issue Fit Note to workers when requested. The Fit Note provides the physician's advice about the worker's fitness for work when he or she has health problems, writing their advice of either ...
Luciano Margaret M - - 2013
External leaders continue to be an important source of influence even when teams are empowered, but it is not always clear how they do so. Extending research on structurally empowered teams, we recognize that teams' external leaders are often responsible for multiple teams. We adopt a multilevel approach to model ...
Harris Philip E PE Cardiff School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, PO Box 377, Western Avenue, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To systematically review 12-month prevalence of visits to massage therapists by representative samples of the general population across countries. Surveys reporting estimates of overall CAM use were included. Studies were identified via database searches. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. Twenty-two surveys across six countries were included. Estimates ...
Wallman Mikael - - 2013
Cardiac imaging is routinely used to evaluate cardiac tissue properties prior to therapy. By integrating the structural information with electrophysiological data from e.g. electroanatomical mapping systems, knowledge of the properties of the cardiac tissue can be further refined. However, as in other clinical modalities, electrophysiological data are often sparse and ...
Breuer Lukas - - 2013
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods of neuroscience research and therapy. Artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming processing. With CARTA ...
Strijkers Kristof - - 2013
Pickering & Garrod (P&G) propose that inner speech monitoring is subserved by predictions stemming from fast forward modeling. In this commentary, we question this alignment of language prediction with the inner speech monitor. We wonder how the speech monitor can function so efficiently if it is based on incomplete representations.
Shapira Oren - - 2013
Most theories of goal pursuit underscore the beneficial consequences of monitoring progress towards goals. However, effects of affect labelling and dissociations between experience and meta-consciousness suggest that monitoring may not always facilitate goal pursuit. We predicted that in the case of pursuing interpersonal closeness, intense monitoring of progress would have ...
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