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Shen Jianhong J Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN, 37203, - - 2014
Holistic processing is often used as a construct to characterize face recognition. An important recent study by Gold, Mundy, and Tjan (2012) quantified holistic processing by computing a facial-feature integration index derived from an ideal observer model. This index was mathematically defined as the ratio of the psychophysical contrast sensitivities squared ...
Kortier Henk G - - 2014
Tracking human body motions using inertial sensors has become a well-accepted method in ambulatory applications since the subject is not confined to a lab-bounded volume. However, a major drawback is the inability to estimate relative body positions over time because inertial sensor information only allows position tracking through strapdown integration, ...
Coward Trevor J - - 2014
Purpose: People with hemifacial microsomia may be missing an ear on the affected side of the face. The principal aim of the study was to develop a morphing technique and to determine whether it could be used to appropriately position an artificial ear, as well as to give an indication ...
Claes Peter P Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The potential of constructing useful DNA-based facial composites is forensically of great interest. Given the significant identity information coded in the human face these predictions could help investigations out of an impasse. Although, there is substantial evidence that much of the total variation in facial features is genetically mediated, the ...
Houghton David C DC Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, 4235 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2014
Psychological Inflexibility (PI) is a construct that has gained recent attention as a critical theoretical component of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). PI is typically measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). However, the AAQ-II has shown questionable reliability in clinical populations with specific diagnoses, leading to the creation ...
Steinisch Maria M Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical Faculty, Heidelberg University, Ludolf-Krehl-Str. 7-11, 68167 Mannheim, Germany; Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context, Shifting Asymmetries in Cultural Flows", Heidelberg University, Voßstr. 2, 69115 Heidelberg, - - 2014
Evidence on the association of work stress with cortisol levels is inconsistent and mostly stems from Western countries, with limited generalizability to other regions of the world. These inconsistencies may partly be due to methodological limitations associated with the measurement of cortisol secretion in saliva, serum or urine. The present ...
Guo Jianming J Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210046, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Liquorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Leguminosae. Licorice is described as 'National Venerable Master' in Chinese medicine and plays paradoxical roles, i.e. detoxification/strengthen efficacy and inducing/enhancing toxicity. Therefore, licorice was called "Two-Face" herb in this paper. The aim of this study is to discuss ...
Breuer Lukas L Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-4), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany; Department of Neurology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany; Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA) - Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods for neuroscience research. It is well known that artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming ...
Lancsar Emily E Centre for Health Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
External validity is a crucial but under-researched topic when considering using discrete choice experiment (DCE) results to inform decision making in clinical, commercial or policy contexts. We present the theory and tests traditionally used to explore external validity that focus on a comparison of final outcomes and review how this ...
Dawes Donald M DM Lompoc Valley Medical Center, Lompoc, CA, USA, - - 2014
Arrest-related deaths proximate to the use of a conducted electrical weapon (CEW) continue to generate controversy despite a better understanding of the multi-factorial nature of many of these deaths. With the rapid adoption of this technology by law enforcement, and the proliferation of companies entering the marketplace, it is important ...
Wall Jake - - 2014
The expansion of global communication networks and advances in animal-tracking technology make possible the real-time telemetry of positional data as recorded by animal-attached tracking units. When combined with continuous, algorithm-based analytical capability, unique opportunities emerge for applied ecological monitoring and wildlife conservation. We present here four broad approaches for algorithmic ...
Li Tian-Ning TN Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews the existing depth of anaesthesia (DoA) monitors and their algorithms and also proposes to improve their performance from four aspects. An ideal DoA monitor should be able to suggest a personalised drug dosages, to predict and provide early warnings when dosages are inappropriate, to be portable and ...
Henriquez Craig S - - 2014
The last four decades have produced a number of significant advances in the developments of computer models to simulate and investigate the electrical activity of cardiac tissue. The tissue descriptions that underlie these simulations have been built from a combination of clever insight and careful comparison with measured data at ...
Lee Lik Chuan LC Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, California; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, - - 2014
Although computational modeling is common in many areas of science and engineering, only recently have advances in experimental techniques and medical imaging allowed this tool to be applied in cardiac surgery. Despite its infancy in cardiac surgery, computational modeling has been useful in calculating the effects of clinical devices and ...
Abdulameer Mohammed Hasan MH 0000-0002-4883-4800 Pattern Recognition Research Group, Centre for Artificial Intelligence Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bandar Baru Bangi, Malaysia ; Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Education for Women, University of Kufa, - - 2014
Active appearance model (AAM) is one of the most popular model-based approaches that have been extensively used to extract features by highly accurate modeling of human faces under various physical and environmental circumstances. However, in such active appearance model, fitting the model with original image is a challenging task. State ...
Zhao Junli J Engineering Research Center of Virtual Reality and Applications, Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Preservation and Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China ; College of Software and Technology, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
Craniofacial reconstruction is to estimate an individual's face model from its skull. It has a widespread application in forensic medicine, archeology, medical cosmetic surgery, and so forth. However, little attention is paid to the evaluation of craniofacial reconstruction. This paper proposes an objective method to evaluate globally and locally the ...
Wang Ting T Department of Computer Science and Technology, Ocean University of China, Songling Road 268th, Qingdao 266100, - - 2014
Facial nerve paralysis is a common disease due to nerve damage. Most approaches for evaluating the degree of facial paralysis rely on a set of different facial movements as commanded by doctors. Therefore, automatic recognition of the patterns of facial movement is fundamental to the evaluation of the degree of ...
Fujino Yoshihisa Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2013
The Statement of Fitness for Work, so called Fit Note, was introduced in the UK in 2010. Physicians issue Fit Note to workers when requested. The Fit Note provides the physician's advice about the worker's fitness for work when he or she has health problems, writing their advice of either ...
Luciano Margaret M - - 2013
External leaders continue to be an important source of influence even when teams are empowered, but it is not always clear how they do so. Extending research on structurally empowered teams, we recognize that teams' external leaders are often responsible for multiple teams. We adopt a multilevel approach to model ...
Harris Philip E PE Cardiff School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, PO Box 377, Western Avenue, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To systematically review 12-month prevalence of visits to massage therapists by representative samples of the general population across countries. Surveys reporting estimates of overall CAM use were included. Studies were identified via database searches. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. Twenty-two surveys across six countries were included. Estimates ...
Wallman Mikael - - 2013
Cardiac imaging is routinely used to evaluate cardiac tissue properties prior to therapy. By integrating the structural information with electrophysiological data from e.g. electroanatomical mapping systems, knowledge of the properties of the cardiac tissue can be further refined. However, as in other clinical modalities, electrophysiological data are often sparse and ...
Breuer Lukas - - 2013
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods of neuroscience research and therapy. Artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming processing. With CARTA ...
Strijkers Kristof - - 2013
Pickering & Garrod (P&G) propose that inner speech monitoring is subserved by predictions stemming from fast forward modeling. In this commentary, we question this alignment of language prediction with the inner speech monitor. We wonder how the speech monitor can function so efficiently if it is based on incomplete representations.
Shapira Oren - - 2013
Most theories of goal pursuit underscore the beneficial consequences of monitoring progress towards goals. However, effects of affect labelling and dissociations between experience and meta-consciousness suggest that monitoring may not always facilitate goal pursuit. We predicted that in the case of pursuing interpersonal closeness, intense monitoring of progress would have ...
Johnston Barbara M - - 2013
When using the bidomain model to model the electrical activity of the heart, there are potentially six cardiac conductivity values involved: conductivity values in directions along and normal to the cardiac fibres with a sheet, as well as a conductivity value in the normal direction between the sheets, and these ...
Gould Russell A RA Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, - - 2013
Ordered cardiac morphogenesis and function are essential for all vertebrate life. The heart begins as a simple contractile tube, but quickly grows and morphs into a multichambered pumping organ complete with valves, while maintaining regulation of blood flow and nutrient distribution. Though not identical, cardiac morphogenesis shares many molecular and ...
Pathmanathan Pras P Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Silver Spring, MD, USA ; Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford Oxford, - - 2013
Computational models of cardiac electrophysiology have been used for over half a century to investigate physiological mechanisms and generate hypotheses for experimental testing, and are now starting to play a role in clinical applications. There is currently a great deal of interest in using models as diagnostic or therapeutic aids, ...
Lowe Whitney W Director, OMERI, Sisters, OR, - - 2013
What does it mean to be competent and why is this so important? While there is no generally accepted definition of competency, there are key components that should guide the emerging movement of competency-based education (CBE). In addition, entry-level massage curricula typically run from approximately 500 clock hours to 3000 ...
Becerra Miguel A - - 2013
The heart's mechanical activity can be appraised by auscultation recordings, taken from the 4-Standard Auscultation Areas (4-SAA), one for each cardiac valve, as there are invisible murmurs when a single area is examined. This paper presents an effective approach for cardiac murmur detection based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) ...
Bonshtein Udi - - 2012
Abstract This article provides a meta-theoretical framework, which can be applied to hypnosis, based on relational (intersubjective) psychoanalysis. The relationship between hypnosis and psychoanalysis is reviewed by describing three splits: (a) psychoanalysis split off from brain science; (b) psychoanalysis split off from hypnosis; and (c) splits within psychoanalysis itself. Reintegrations ...
Hagar Amit - - 2012
We present a brief history of decoherence, from its roots in the foundations of classical statistical mechanics, to the current spin bath models in condensed matter physics. We then analyse the philosophical importance of decoherence in three different foundational problems, and find that its role in their solutions is less ...
Ronteltap Amber - - 2013
Nutritional advice has mainly focused on population-level recommendations. Recent developments in nutrition, communication, and marketing sciences have enabled potential deviations from this dominant business model in the direction of personalisation of nutrition advice. Such personalisation efforts can take on many forms, but these have in common that they can only ...
Howards Penelope P - - 2012
In a 1993 paper (Am J Epidemiol. 1993;137(1):1-8), Weinberg considered whether a variable that is associated with the outcome and is affected by exposure but is not an intermediate variable between exposure and outcome should be considered a confounder in etiologic studies. As an example, she examined the common practice ...
Sherry Nathaniel - - 2012
Over the past decade the increasing availability of the World Wide Web has held out the possibility that the efficiency of scientific measurements could be enhanced in cases where experiments were being conducted at distant facilities. Examples of early successes have included XRD measurements of protein crystal structures at synchrotrons ...
Yi Soojin V - - 2012
Half a century ago, when the field of molecular evolution did not even exist, Morris Goodman analyzed profiles of immunological interactions between species and reached the following two remarkable conclusions: first, protein evolution slowed down in the human lineage compared to other primate lineages; second, this slowdown was more pronounced ...
Sol Daniel - - 2012
Despite considerable current interest in biological invasions, the common life-history characteristics of successful invaders remain elusive. The widely held hypothesis that successful invaders have high reproductive rates has received little empirical support; however, alternative possibilities are seldom considered. Combining a global comparative analysis of avian introductions (>2700 events) with demographic ...
Hilbrant Maarten - - 2012
Spiders belong to the chelicerates, which is an arthropod group that branches basally from myriapods, crustaceans and insects. Spiders are thus useful models with which to investigate whether aspects of development are ancestral or derived with respect to the arthropod common ancestor. Moreover, they serve as an important reference point ...
Vukotić Branislav - - 2012
The search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence constitutes one of the major endeavors in science, but has yet been quantitatively modeled only rarely and in a cursory and superficial fashion. We argue that probabilistic cellular automata (PCA) represent the best quantitative framework for modeling the astrobiological history of the Milky ...
Folcher Marc - - 2012
The 'omics' era, with its identification of genetic and protein components, has combined with systems biology, which provided insights into network structures, to set the stage for synthetic biology, an emerging interdisciplinary life science that uses engineering principles. By capitalizing on an iterative design cycle that involves molecular and computational ...
Zschocke Nina - - 2012
In 1972, Michael Baxandal characterizes the processes responsible for the cultural relativism of art experience as highly complex and unknown in their physiological detail. While art history still shows considerable interest in the brain sciences forty years later, most cross-disciplinary studies today are referring to the neurosciences in an attempt ...
Akhilesh K V - - 2012
Biological data are presented for the pygmy ribbontail catshark Eridacnis radcliffei based on specimens collected from the by-catch of the commercial deep-sea shrimp trawl fishery operating in the Arabian Sea off the south-west coast of India. A total of 549 individuals, from 101 to 257 mm total length (L(T) ) ...
Shyr Yu Y Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA. - - 2012
With the recent rapid increases in the high-dimensionality of genomic data generation comes an increased burden on the biostatisticians and bioinformaticians who process and analyze this data. Study designs must be adapted to the volume of data now available, eliminating designs that rely on fishing and taking advantage of the ...
Touw Wouter G - - 2012
In the Life Sciences 'omics' data is increasingly generated by different high-throughput technologies. Often only the integration of these data allows uncovering biological insights that can be experimentally validated or mechanistically modelled, i.e. sophisticated computational approaches are required to extract the complex non-linear trends present in omics data. Classification techniques ...
Aven Terje - - 2012
The Funtowicz and Ravetz model for classifying problem-solving strategies into applied sciences, professional consultancy, and postnormal sciences is well known in the social science risk literature. The model is illustrated in a diagram based on the two axes: (i) decision stakes-the value dimension (costs, benefits) and (ii) the system uncertainties-the ...
Atkinson A J AJ - - 2012
As science matures, it becomes more mathematical, progressing from enumeration to the use of equations to the formulation of models. Clinical pharmacology has developed to the stage where models play an increasingly important role in predicting and analyzing drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and even in characterizing disease progression and therapeutic ...
Pérez-Losada Marcos - - 2012
The Chthamaloidea (Balanomorpha) present the most plesiomorphic characters in shell plates and cirri, mouth parts, and oral cone within the acorn barnacles (Thoracica: Sessilia). Due to their importance in understanding both the origin and diversification of the Balanomorpha, the evolution of the Chthamaloidea has been debated since Darwin's seminal monographs. ...
Addyman Caspar - - 2012
Computational modeling has long been one of the traditional pillars of cognitive science. Unfortunately, the computer models of cognition being developed today have not kept up with the enormous changes that have taken place in computer technology and, especially, in human-computer interfaces.  For all intents and purposes, modeling is still done ...
Ryan Timothy M - - 2012
Our understanding of locomotor evolution in anthropoid primates has been limited to those taxa for which good postcranial fossil material and appropriate modern analogues are available. We report the results of an analysis of semicircular canal size variation in 16 fossil anthropoid species dating from the Late Eocene to the ...
Schabanel Nicolas - - 2012
Biologists are somehow pioneers on the idea that progress can be driven by randomness: randomness is one of the main engine of evolution; small variations induced by randomness coupled with natural selection allows the species to self-adapt to their moving environment. Studies from the last 40 years in computer science ...
Sheil Margaret M - - 2012
This paper reflects on the historical development of orthogonal acceleration time-of-flight analyzers that have been used routinely for high sensitivity analyses of biological molecules for more than a decade. In particular, the role of the late Michael Guilhaus from the University of New South Wales in Australia is highlighted. This ...
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