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Chatterjee Anjan A Department of Neurology, Pennsylvania Hospital, Penn Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Leder and Nadal (2014, this issue) examine the current state of scientific aesthetics through the lens of a prescient psychological model proposed 10 years ago. These retrospective points to several future directions of which I touch on three: the nature of aesthetic emotions, the time course of emotions in aesthetic episodes, ...
Leder Helmut H Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, - - 2014
About a decade ago, psychology of the arts started to gain momentum owing to a number of drives: technological progress improved the conditions under which art could be studied in the laboratory, neuroscience discovered the arts as an area of interest, and new theories offered a more comprehensive look at ...
Jacobo Adrian A Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Laboratory of Sensory Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY - - 2014
The hair bundle, an apical specialization of the hair cell composed of several rows of regularly organized stereocilia and a kinocilium, is essential for mechanotransduction in the ear. Its precise organization allows the hair bundle to convert mechanical stimuli to electrical signals; mutations that alter the bundle's morphology often cause ...
Fukutani Atsuki A Research Organization of Science and Technology, Ritsumeikan University, KusatsuShiga, Japan Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Research Fellowship for Young Scientists, Chiyoda-kuTokyo, - - 2014
Achilles tendon length has been measured using a straight-line model. However, this model is associated with a greater measurement error compared with a curved-line model. Therefore, we examined the influence of neglecting the curved path of the Achilles tendon on its length change at various ranges of motion. Ten male ...
Song Mingli - - 2014
In the 3D facial animation and synthesis community, input faces are usually required to be labeled by a set of landmarks for parameterization. Because of the variations in pose, expression and resolution, automatic 3D face landmark localization remains a challenge. In this paper, a novel landmark localization approach is presented. ...
Shibata Yoshihiro Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kainan Hospital, Aichi Prefectual Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives for Health and Welfare, Yatomi, - - 2014
The peroneal tubercle is a small bony ridge located on the lateral wall on the calcaneus immediately inferior to the lateral malleolus and separates the peroneus brevis and peroneus longus tendons. The size and configuration of the peroneal tubercle has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peroneal tendon tears and ...
Richards John E JE Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, - - 2014
Accurate analysis of scalp-recorded electrical activity requires the identification of electrode locations in 3D space. For example, source analysis of EEG/ERP (electroencephalogram, EEG; event-related-potentials, ERP) with realistic head models requires the identification of electrode locations on the head model derived from structural MRI recordings. Electrode systems must cover the entire ...
Battini M M Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie e Sanità Pubblica, 20133 Milano, - - 2014
This paper reviews animal-based welfare indicators to develop a valid, reliable, and feasible on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats. The indicators were considered in the light of the 4 accepted principles (good feeding, good housing, good health, appropriate behavior) subdivided into 12 criteria developed by the European Welfare Quality ...
Shen Jianhong J Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN, 37203, - - 2014
Holistic processing is often used as a construct to characterize face recognition. An important recent study by Gold, Mundy, and Tjan (2012) quantified holistic processing by computing a facial-feature integration index derived from an ideal observer model. This index was mathematically defined as the ratio of the psychophysical contrast sensitivities squared ...
Kortier Henk G - - 2014
Tracking human body motions using inertial sensors has become a well-accepted method in ambulatory applications since the subject is not confined to a lab-bounded volume. However, a major drawback is the inability to estimate relative body positions over time because inertial sensor information only allows position tracking through strapdown integration, ...
Coward Trevor J - - 2014
Purpose: People with hemifacial microsomia may be missing an ear on the affected side of the face. The principal aim of the study was to develop a morphing technique and to determine whether it could be used to appropriately position an artificial ear, as well as to give an indication ...
Lóriga Josmaily J University of Munich (LMU), Systematic Botany and Mycology, Menzinger Str. 67, 80638 Munich, - - 2014
• Closing gaps in the fossil record and elucidating phylogenetic relationships of mostly incomplete fossils are major challenges in the reconstruction of the diversification of fern lineages through time. The cosmopolitan family Dryopteridaceae represents one of the most species-rich families of leptosporangiate ferns, yet its fossil record is sparse and ...
Braun O M OM Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 46 Science Avenue, 03028 Kiev, Ukraine, and International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, - - 2014
Inspired by spring-block models, we elaborate a "minimal" physical model of earthquakes which reproduces two main empirical seismological laws, the Gutenberg-Richter law and the Omori aftershock law. Our point is to demonstrate that the simultaneous incorporation of aging of contacts in the sliding interface and of elasticity of the sliding ...
Claes Peter P Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The potential of constructing useful DNA-based facial composites is forensically of great interest. Given the significant identity information coded in the human face these predictions could help investigations out of an impasse. Although, there is substantial evidence that much of the total variation in facial features is genetically mediated, the ...
Houghton David C DC Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, 4235 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2014
Psychological Inflexibility (PI) is a construct that has gained recent attention as a critical theoretical component of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). PI is typically measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). However, the AAQ-II has shown questionable reliability in clinical populations with specific diagnoses, leading to the creation ...
Steinisch Maria M Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical Faculty, Heidelberg University, Ludolf-Krehl-Str. 7-11, 68167 Mannheim, Germany; Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context, Shifting Asymmetries in Cultural Flows", Heidelberg University, Voßstr. 2, 69115 Heidelberg, - - 2014
Evidence on the association of work stress with cortisol levels is inconsistent and mostly stems from Western countries, with limited generalizability to other regions of the world. These inconsistencies may partly be due to methodological limitations associated with the measurement of cortisol secretion in saliva, serum or urine. The present ...
Guo Jianming J Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210046, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Liquorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Leguminosae. Licorice is described as 'National Venerable Master' in Chinese medicine and plays paradoxical roles, i.e. detoxification/strengthen efficacy and inducing/enhancing toxicity. Therefore, licorice was called "Two-Face" herb in this paper. The aim of this study is to discuss ...
Thomas Mohan M Department of Dermatology, Cosmetic Surgery Institute, Santacruz (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Smile is the defining element of the face, its impact holding utmost importance in the perception of feelings. Lip is an integral part for a perfectly perceived smile. The aim of the present manuscript is to present an innovative approach to smile improvement by lip design in Indian context. Thirty-five ...
Breuer Lukas L Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-4), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany; Department of Neurology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany; Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA) - Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods for neuroscience research. It is well known that artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming ...
Lancsar Emily E Centre for Health Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
External validity is a crucial but under-researched topic when considering using discrete choice experiment (DCE) results to inform decision making in clinical, commercial or policy contexts. We present the theory and tests traditionally used to explore external validity that focus on a comparison of final outcomes and review how this ...
Dawes Donald M DM Lompoc Valley Medical Center, Lompoc, CA, USA, - - 2014
Arrest-related deaths proximate to the use of a conducted electrical weapon (CEW) continue to generate controversy despite a better understanding of the multi-factorial nature of many of these deaths. With the rapid adoption of this technology by law enforcement, and the proliferation of companies entering the marketplace, it is important ...
Wall Jake - - 2014
The expansion of global communication networks and advances in animal-tracking technology make possible the real-time telemetry of positional data as recorded by animal-attached tracking units. When combined with continuous, algorithm-based analytical capability, unique opportunities emerge for applied ecological monitoring and wildlife conservation. We present here four broad approaches for algorithmic ...
Li Tian-Ning TN Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews the existing depth of anaesthesia (DoA) monitors and their algorithms and also proposes to improve their performance from four aspects. An ideal DoA monitor should be able to suggest a personalised drug dosages, to predict and provide early warnings when dosages are inappropriate, to be portable and ...
Henriquez Craig S - - 2014
The last four decades have produced a number of significant advances in the developments of computer models to simulate and investigate the electrical activity of cardiac tissue. The tissue descriptions that underlie these simulations have been built from a combination of clever insight and careful comparison with measured data at ...
Lee Lik Chuan LC Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, California; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, - - 2014
Although computational modeling is common in many areas of science and engineering, only recently have advances in experimental techniques and medical imaging allowed this tool to be applied in cardiac surgery. Despite its infancy in cardiac surgery, computational modeling has been useful in calculating the effects of clinical devices and ...
Akeroyd Michael M MRC/CSO Inst. of Hearing Res. - Scottish Section, New Lister Bldg., Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Strathclyde G31 2ER, United Kingdom, - - 2014
As a Ph.D. student in Roy Patterson's group at the MRC Applied Psychology Unit in Cambridge, UK, in the early 1990s, I was introduced to computer models of hearing. Much of my Ph.D. was devoted to exploring Roy's Auditory Image Model, a time-domain model for representing regularities in hearing sensations ...
Abdulameer Mohammed Hasan MH 0000-0002-4883-4800 Pattern Recognition Research Group, Centre for Artificial Intelligence Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bandar Baru Bangi, Malaysia ; Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Education for Women, University of Kufa, - - 2014
Active appearance model (AAM) is one of the most popular model-based approaches that have been extensively used to extract features by highly accurate modeling of human faces under various physical and environmental circumstances. However, in such active appearance model, fitting the model with original image is a challenging task. State ...
Zhao Junli J Engineering Research Center of Virtual Reality and Applications, Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Preservation and Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China ; College of Software and Technology, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
Craniofacial reconstruction is to estimate an individual's face model from its skull. It has a widespread application in forensic medicine, archeology, medical cosmetic surgery, and so forth. However, little attention is paid to the evaluation of craniofacial reconstruction. This paper proposes an objective method to evaluate globally and locally the ...
Wang Ting T Department of Computer Science and Technology, Ocean University of China, Songling Road 268th, Qingdao 266100, - - 2014
Facial nerve paralysis is a common disease due to nerve damage. Most approaches for evaluating the degree of facial paralysis rely on a set of different facial movements as commanded by doctors. Therefore, automatic recognition of the patterns of facial movement is fundamental to the evaluation of the degree of ...
Dahl Christoph D CD Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan - - 2014
The frequency to which an organism is exposed to a particular type of face influences recognition performance. For example, Asians are better in individuating Asian than Caucasian faces, known as the own-race advantage. Similarly, humans in general are better in individuating human than monkey faces, known as the own-species advantage. ...
Fujino Yoshihisa Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2013
The Statement of Fitness for Work, so called Fit Note, was introduced in the UK in 2010. Physicians issue Fit Note to workers when requested. The Fit Note provides the physician's advice about the worker's fitness for work when he or she has health problems, writing their advice of either ...
Luciano Margaret M - - 2013
External leaders continue to be an important source of influence even when teams are empowered, but it is not always clear how they do so. Extending research on structurally empowered teams, we recognize that teams' external leaders are often responsible for multiple teams. We adopt a multilevel approach to model ...
Harris Philip E PE Cardiff School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, PO Box 377, Western Avenue, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To systematically review 12-month prevalence of visits to massage therapists by representative samples of the general population across countries. Surveys reporting estimates of overall CAM use were included. Studies were identified via database searches. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. Twenty-two surveys across six countries were included. Estimates ...
Wallman Mikael - - 2013
Cardiac imaging is routinely used to evaluate cardiac tissue properties prior to therapy. By integrating the structural information with electrophysiological data from e.g. electroanatomical mapping systems, knowledge of the properties of the cardiac tissue can be further refined. However, as in other clinical modalities, electrophysiological data are often sparse and ...
Breuer Lukas - - 2013
Recently, magnetoencephalography (MEG) based real-time brain computing interfaces (BCI) have been developed to enable novel and promising methods of neuroscience research and therapy. Artifact rejection prior to source localization largely enhances the localization accuracy. However, many BCI approaches neglect real-time artifact removal due to its time consuming processing. With CARTA ...
Strijkers Kristof - - 2013
Pickering & Garrod (P&G) propose that inner speech monitoring is subserved by predictions stemming from fast forward modeling. In this commentary, we question this alignment of language prediction with the inner speech monitor. We wonder how the speech monitor can function so efficiently if it is based on incomplete representations.
Shapira Oren - - 2013
Most theories of goal pursuit underscore the beneficial consequences of monitoring progress towards goals. However, effects of affect labelling and dissociations between experience and meta-consciousness suggest that monitoring may not always facilitate goal pursuit. We predicted that in the case of pursuing interpersonal closeness, intense monitoring of progress would have ...
Johnston Barbara M - - 2013
When using the bidomain model to model the electrical activity of the heart, there are potentially six cardiac conductivity values involved: conductivity values in directions along and normal to the cardiac fibres with a sheet, as well as a conductivity value in the normal direction between the sheets, and these ...
Gould Russell A RA Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, - - 2013
Ordered cardiac morphogenesis and function are essential for all vertebrate life. The heart begins as a simple contractile tube, but quickly grows and morphs into a multichambered pumping organ complete with valves, while maintaining regulation of blood flow and nutrient distribution. Though not identical, cardiac morphogenesis shares many molecular and ...
Pathmanathan Pras P Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Silver Spring, MD, USA ; Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford Oxford, - - 2013
Computational models of cardiac electrophysiology have been used for over half a century to investigate physiological mechanisms and generate hypotheses for experimental testing, and are now starting to play a role in clinical applications. There is currently a great deal of interest in using models as diagnostic or therapeutic aids, ...
Lowe Whitney W Director, OMERI, Sisters, OR, - - 2013
What does it mean to be competent and why is this so important? While there is no generally accepted definition of competency, there are key components that should guide the emerging movement of competency-based education (CBE). In addition, entry-level massage curricula typically run from approximately 500 clock hours to 3000 ...
Becerra Miguel A - - 2013
The heart's mechanical activity can be appraised by auscultation recordings, taken from the 4-Standard Auscultation Areas (4-SAA), one for each cardiac valve, as there are invisible murmurs when a single area is examined. This paper presents an effective approach for cardiac murmur detection based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) ...
Bonshtein Udi - - 2012
Abstract This article provides a meta-theoretical framework, which can be applied to hypnosis, based on relational (intersubjective) psychoanalysis. The relationship between hypnosis and psychoanalysis is reviewed by describing three splits: (a) psychoanalysis split off from brain science; (b) psychoanalysis split off from hypnosis; and (c) splits within psychoanalysis itself. Reintegrations ...
Hagar Amit - - 2012
We present a brief history of decoherence, from its roots in the foundations of classical statistical mechanics, to the current spin bath models in condensed matter physics. We then analyse the philosophical importance of decoherence in three different foundational problems, and find that its role in their solutions is less ...
Ronteltap Amber - - 2013
Nutritional advice has mainly focused on population-level recommendations. Recent developments in nutrition, communication, and marketing sciences have enabled potential deviations from this dominant business model in the direction of personalisation of nutrition advice. Such personalisation efforts can take on many forms, but these have in common that they can only ...
Howards Penelope P - - 2012
In a 1993 paper (Am J Epidemiol. 1993;137(1):1-8), Weinberg considered whether a variable that is associated with the outcome and is affected by exposure but is not an intermediate variable between exposure and outcome should be considered a confounder in etiologic studies. As an example, she examined the common practice ...
Sherry Nathaniel - - 2012
Over the past decade the increasing availability of the World Wide Web has held out the possibility that the efficiency of scientific measurements could be enhanced in cases where experiments were being conducted at distant facilities. Examples of early successes have included XRD measurements of protein crystal structures at synchrotrons ...
Yi Soojin V - - 2012
Half a century ago, when the field of molecular evolution did not even exist, Morris Goodman analyzed profiles of immunological interactions between species and reached the following two remarkable conclusions: first, protein evolution slowed down in the human lineage compared to other primate lineages; second, this slowdown was more pronounced ...
Sol Daniel - - 2012
Despite considerable current interest in biological invasions, the common life-history characteristics of successful invaders remain elusive. The widely held hypothesis that successful invaders have high reproductive rates has received little empirical support; however, alternative possibilities are seldom considered. Combining a global comparative analysis of avian introductions (>2700 events) with demographic ...
Hilbrant Maarten - - 2012
Spiders belong to the chelicerates, which is an arthropod group that branches basally from myriapods, crustaceans and insects. Spiders are thus useful models with which to investigate whether aspects of development are ancestral or derived with respect to the arthropod common ancestor. Moreover, they serve as an important reference point ...
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