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Schneider Jennifer N JN Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York Park Hall, Room 204, Buffalo, New York, 14260, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The binaural cues used by terrestrial animals for sound localization in azimuth may not always suffice for accurate sound localization underwater. The purpose of this research was to examine the theoretical limits of interaural timing and level differences available underwater using computational and physical models. A paired-hydrophone system was used ...
Dietz Martin J MJ Centre for Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom, Queensland Brain Institute and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain Function and School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Brisbane, - - 2014
Detecting the location of salient sounds in the environment rests on the brain's ability to use differences in sounds arriving at both ears. Functional neuroimaging studies in humans indicate that the left and right auditory hemispaces are coded asymmetrically, with a rightward attentional bias that reflects spatial attention in vision. ...
Bar-On Lynn L Clinical Motion Analysis Laboratory, University Hospital Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, - - 2014
The first aim of this study was to systematically review and critically assess manually controlled instrumented spasticity assessment methods that combine multidimensional signals. The second aim was to extract a set of quantified parameters that are psychometrically sound to assess spasticity in a clinical setting. Electronic databases were searched to ...
Caldwell Daniel J DJ Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Numerous active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), approved prior to enactment of detailed environmental risk assessment (ERA) guidance in the EU in 2006, have been detected in surface waters as a result of advancements in analytical technologies. Without adequate knowledge of the potential hazards these APIs may pose, assessing their environmental risk ...
Borker Abraham L AL Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Center for Ocean Health, University of California Santa Cruz, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, - - 2014
Although wildlife conservation actions have increased globally in number and complexity, the lack of scalable, cost-effective monitoring methods limits adaptive management and the evaluation of conservation efficacy. Automated sensors and computer-aided analyses provide a scalable and increasingly cost-effective tool for conservation monitoring. A key assumption of automated acoustic monitoring of ...
Johnson Donald J DJ School of Criminal Justice and Criminalistics, California State University, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA, 90032; California Forensic Science Institute, California State University, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis to determine the wound-of-origin of bloodstains is problematic with nonspecific patterns. In this proof-of-concept study, the authors examined a molecular approach to correlate bloodstains with injuries using the rat as a model. Specifically, investigations were conducted on the rat brain marker, rno-miR-124-3p, with the QIAGEN miScript System ...
Eardley Will G P WG Department of Orthopaedics, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, - - 2014
Wound infection is a key determinant of outcome in survivors of armed conflict. One factor having potential for promoting healing, decreasing bacterial burden and influencing prognosis is the dressing that covers the ballistic-injured extremity. Although antiseptic and silver dressings are applied to acute wounds, evidence to support their use is ...
Starrfelt Jostein J Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, N-0349 Oslo, Norway. - - 2014
Process-based models of nutrient transport are often used as tools for management of eutrophic waters, as decision makers need to judge the potential effects of alternative remediation measures, under current conditions and with future land use and climate change. All modelling exercises entail uncertainty arising from various sources, such as ...
Lin Tao T Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey - - 2014
A method is developed for the estimation of source location and sound speed in the water column relying on linearization. The Jacobian matrix, necessary for the proposed linearization approach, includes derivatives with respect to empirical orthogonal function coefficients instead of sound speed directly. First, the inversion technique is tested on ...
Ziegelwanger Harald H Acoustics Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wohllebengasse 12-14, A-1040 Vienna, - - 2014
Head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) describe the filtering of the incoming sound by the torso, head, and pinna. As a consequence of the propagation path from the source to the ear, each HRTF contains a direction-dependent, broadband time-of-arrival (TOA). TOAs are usually estimated independently for each direction from HRTFs, a method ...
Brummund Martin K MK Department of Mechanical Engineering, École de technologie supérieure, 1100 rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, Québec, H3C 1K3, - - 2014
A linear three-dimensional (3D) elasto-acoustic finite element model was used to simulate the occlusion effect following mechanical vibration at the mastoid process. The ear canal and the surrounding soft and bony tissues were reconstructed using images of a female cadaver head (Visible Human Project(®)). The geometrical model was coupled to ...
Cunningham Kane A KA Department of Ocean Sciences, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, California - - 2014
Many species of large, mysticete whales are known to produce low-frequency communication sounds. These low-frequency sounds are susceptible to communication masking by shipping noise, which also tends to be low frequency in nature. The size of these species makes behavioral assessment of auditory capabilities in controlled, captive environments nearly impossible, ...
Ansell David M DM The Healing Foundation Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
Mice represent the most commonly used species for preclinical in vivo research. While incisional and excisional acute murine wound models are both frequently employed, there is little agreement on which model is optimum. Moreover, current lack of standardization of wounding procedure, analysis time point(s), method of assessment, and the use ...
Goss Selena G SG General Surgery Housestaff St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center New York, - - 2014
The chronic wound environment and the ideal way in which to regenerate healthy tissue remain enigmas in the field of wound healing. There are multiple modalities that have been evaluated in an attempt to discern the most clinically beneficial and cost-effective treatment strategies for the millions of individuals who suffer ...
Reijniers J J Biology Department, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, - - 2014
In recent years, a great deal of research within the field of sound localization has been aimed at finding the acoustic cues that human listeners use to localize sounds and understanding the mechanisms by which they process these cues. In this paper, we propose a complementary approach by constructing an ...
Lin Chern-Sheng CS Department of Automatic Control Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, a concentration evaluation of reading behaviors with electrical signal detection on the head is presented. The electrode signal is extracted by brain-computer-interface (BCI) to monitor the user's degree of concentration, where the user is reminded by sound to concentrate, or teaching staffs are reminded to help users ...
Montez-Rath Maria E ME Division of Nephrology and, †Quantitative Sciences Unit, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Missing data constitute a problem present in all studies of medical research. The most common approach to handling missing data-complete case analysis-relies on assumptions about missing data that rarely hold in practice. The implications of this approach are biased and inefficient descriptions of relationships of interest. Here, various approaches for ...
Wilgenbusch C - - 2014
Objective: Characterization of a model of reversible foot lameness in the horse. Methods: Both forelimb hooves were fitted with a circumferential clamp. After three baseline measurements utilizing a force platform, one clamp was tightened to induce a grade 2.5/5 lameness and left in place for 120 hours. Serial heart rate ...
Esquenazi Alberto - - 2014
Gait analysis combined with sound clinical judgment plays an important role in elucidating the factors involved in the pathologic prosthetic gait and the selection and effects of available interventions to optimize it. Detailed clinical evaluation of walking contributes to the analysis of the prosthetic gait, but evaluation in the gait ...
Kahn Katherine L KL *RAND Corporation, Santa Monica †David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA ‡IMPAQ International, LLC, Columbia, - - 2014
Historically, the ability to accurately track healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) was hindered due to a lack of coordination among data sources and shortcomings in individual data sources. This paper presents the results of the evaluation of the HAI data and the monitoring component of the Action Plan, focusing on context (goals), ...
Manolov Rumen R ESADE Business School, Ramon Llull University, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Establishing the evidence base of interventions taking place in areas such as psychology and special education is one of the research aims of single-case designs, in conjunction with the aim of improving the well-being of participants in the studies. The scientific criteria for solid evidence focus on the internal and ...
Lourenço Anália A Departamento de Informática, Universidade de Vigo, ESEI - Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Informática, Edificio politécnico, Campus Universitario As Lagoas s/n, 32004, Ourense, Spain; IBB - Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, - - 2014
The Minimum Information About a Biofilm Experiment (MIABiE) initiative has arisen from the need to find an adequate and scientifically sound way to control the quality of the documentation accompanying the public deposition of biofilm-related data, particularly those obtained using high-throughput devices and techniques. Thereby, the MIABiE consortium has initiated ...
Papaïx Julien J INRA, UR 1290 BIOGER, F-78850 Thiverval Grignon; INRA, UR 341 Mathématiques et Informatique Appliquées, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modelling processes that occur at the landscape scale is gaining more and more attention from theoretical ecologists to agricultural managers. Most of the approaches found in the literature lack applicability for managers or, on the opposite, lack a sound theoretical basis. Based on the metapopulation concept, we propose here a ...
Plantinga Andrew J AJ Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, 3424 Bren Hall, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-5131, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The designation of critical habitat is a feature of endangered species protection laws in many countries. Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, economics cannot enter into decisions to list species as threatened or endangered, but can be considered when critical habitat is designated. Areas can be excluded from proposed critical ...
Santoferrara Luciana F LF Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton, CT, - - 2014
Assessing microbial diversity requires analysis of all three domains of life, including eukaryotic microbes. We examined the diversity of two ecologically important clades of microbial eukaryotes, ciliates in the subclasses Oligotrichia and Choreotrichia (class Spirotrichea), by comparing pyrosequencing to Sanger-sequenced clone libraries and microscopy. Using samples from a large temperate ...
Moretti David D Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, Rhode Island, United States of - - 2014
There is increasing concern about the potential effects of noise pollution on marine life in the world's oceans. For marine mammals, anthropogenic sounds may cause behavioral disruption, and this can be quantified using a risk function that relates sound exposure to a measured behavioral response. Beaked whales are a taxon ...
Betancur-R Ricardo R Department of Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 2023 G St. NW, Washington, D.C., 20052.; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, PO Box 37012, MRC 159, Washington, DC - - 2014
Proliferation of phylogenetic studies based on poor taxonomic sampling or insufficient molecular evidence usually leads to conflicting results. As a consequence, advancement of systematic knowledge yields to confusion. The problem is exacerbated for taxonomic groups with historically difficult resolution of evolutionary relationships such as the flatfishes. Molecular evidence to support ...
Jolley-Rogers Garry G Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra ACT 2601, - - 2014
Rich collections of biodiversity information such as spatial distributions, species descriptions and trait data are now synthesized in publically available online sources such as GBIF. Also phylogenetic knowledge now provides a sound understanding of the origin of organisms and their place in the tree of life. We demonstrate with PhyloJIVE ...
Mucchetti G G Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Università di Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy; Centro Multidisciplinare Interdipartimentale Lattiero Caseario, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parmigiano Reggiano cheese dairies develop specific cheese-making strategies to adapt the variable characteristics of raw, not standardized milk to the final goal of obtaining cheese consistent with the standard. Analyzing 1,175 cheese-making reports from 30 out of 383 dairies associated with the Parmigiano Reggiano Consortium in 2010 and 2011, 4 ...
Williams David Franklyn DF Wake Forest University, WFIRM, Technology Way, Winston Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27104, +1-336-713-1204, , One Sheffield Place, Winston Salem, North Carolina, United States ; - - 2014
The development of biomaterials for use in tissue engineering processes has not so far followed a scientifically valid pathway; there have been no properly constituted specifications for these biomaterials, whose choice has often been dictated by the perceived need to comply with prior FDA approval for use of the materials ...
Gatto Laurent L Computational Proteomics Unit and Cambridge Centre for Proteomics, Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, CB2 1QR, Cambridge, UK Université Grenoble-Alpes, CEA (iRSTV/BGE), INSERM (U1038), CNRS (FR3425), 38054 Grenoble, - - 2014
Experimental spatial proteomics, i.e the high-throughput assignment of proteins to sub-cellular compartments based on quantitative proteomics data, promises to shed new light on many biological processes given adequate computational tools. Here we present pRoloc, a complete infrastructure to support and guide the sound analysis of quantitative mass-spectrometry based spatial proteomics ...
Ashall Vanessa V Centre for Applied Bioethics, School of Biosciences and School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, - - 2014
This paper proposes a framework to support appropriate application of endpoints in animal experiments. It is recommended that unpredicted endpoints should be explicitly considered alongside scientific endpoints and justifiable endpoints as the three types of endpoint which comprise the 'humane'. We suggest there is a need for clear identification of ...
Coleman S W SW USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK - - 2014
The current NRC model to estimate DMI is based on a single equation related to metabolic size and net energy density of the diet; this equation was a significant improvement over previous models. However, observed DMI by grazing animals can be conceptualized by a function that includes animal demand, largely ...
Kuusinen Antti A Aalto University School of Science, Department of Media Technology, P.O. Box 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, - - 2014
Preferences of concert hall acoustics are explored with preference mapping. The investigation is performed on previously gathered data from individual vocabulary profiling of nine concert halls and three pieces of symphonic music, namely, excerpts of compositions by Beethoven, Bruckner, and Mozart. Individual preferences are regressed onto a latent three-dimensional sensory ...
Masalski Marcin M Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław, Poland. - - 2014
Online hearing tests conducted in home settings on a personal computer (PC) require prior calibration. Biological calibration consists of approximating the reference sound level via the hearing threshold of a person with normal hearing. The objective of this study was to identify the error of the proposed methods of biological ...
Atmanspacher H H Collegium Helveticum, , Zurich, - - 2014
The concept of reproducibility is widely considered a cornerstone of scientific methodology. However, recent problems with the reproducibility of empirical results in large-scale systems and in biomedical research have cast doubts on its universal and rigid applicability beyond the so-called basic sciences. Reproducibility is a particularly difficult issue in interdisciplinary ...
Wackermann Jiří J Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health Freiburg im Breisgau, - - 2014
We report results of an acoustic duration reproduction task with stimulus duration of 2, 4, and 6 s, using 45 emotionally negative, positive, and neutral sounds from the International Affective Digitized Sounds System, in a sample of 31 young healthy participants. To investigate the influence of induced emotions on perceived ...
Segura Carlos C Herta Security, Barcelona 08037, Spain. - - 2014
This paper addresses the problem of three-dimensional speaker orientation estimation in a smart-room environment equipped with microphone arrays. A Bayesian approach is proposed to jointly track the location and orientation of an active speaker. The main motivation is that the knowledge of the speaker orientation may yield an increased localization ...
Mondal Ashok A 0000-0002-8410-9198 Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302, - - 2014
Traditionally, the clinical diagnosis of a respiratory disease is made from a careful clinical examination including chest auscultation. Objective analysis and automatic interpretation of the lung sound based on its physical characters are strongly warranted to assist clinical practice. In this paper, a new method is proposed to distinguish between ...
Oletic Dinko D Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb,Croatia. - - 2014
Building upon the findings from the field of automated recognition of respiratory sound patterns, we propose a wearable wireless sensor implementing on-board respiratory sound acquisition and classification, to enable continuous monitoring of symptoms, such as asthmatic wheezing. Low-power consumption of such a sensor is required in order to achieve long ...
Mossbridge Julia A JA Department of Psychology, Northwestern University Evanston, IL, - - 2014
A recent meta-analysis of experiments from seven independent laboratories (n = 26) indicates that the human body can apparently detect randomly delivered stimuli occurring 1-10 s in the future (Mossbridge etal., 2012). The key observation in these studies is that human physiology appears to be able to distinguish between unpredictable ...
Perry Conrad C Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, - - 2014
Most models of reading aloud have been constructed to explain data in relatively complex orthographies like English and French. Here, we created an Italian version of the Connectionist Dual Process Model of Reading Aloud (CDP++) to examine the extent to which the model could predict data in a language which ...
Park Kyeong K Department of Marine Sciences, University of South Alabama, Dauphin Island Sea Lab, 101 Bienville Blvd., Dauphin Island, AL 36528, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Changes in geomorphology of estuaries are common following major perpetuations such as hurricanes and may have profound impacts on biological systems. Hurricane Katrina in 2005 created a new pass, called Katrina Cut, halving Dauphin Island in Mobile Bay, Alabama. Significant decline in oyster population at Cedar Point Reef, the primary ...
Favrie N N UMR CNRS 7343, IUSTI , Polytech Marseille, Aix-Marseille University , 5 Rue E. Fermi 13453 Marseille Cedex 13, - - 2013
An Eulerian hyperbolic multiphase flow model for dynamic and irreversible compaction of granular materials is constructed. The reversible model is first constructed on the basis of the classical Hertz theory. The irreversible model is then derived in accordance with the following two basic principles. First, the entropy inequality is satisfied ...
Pezzulo Giovanni G National Research Council, Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, Via S. Martino della Battaglia, 44, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2013
Why are we scared by nonperceptual entities such as the bogeyman, and why does the bogeyman only visit us during the night? Why does hearing a window squeaking in the night suggest to us the unlikely idea of a thief or a killer? And why is this more likely to ...
Hesser Hugo - - 2013
Whether handicap due to tinnitus-sound(s) in the ears and/or in the head in the absence of an external auditory source-is best conceived as dimensional or categorical remains an unanswered empirical question. The objective was to investigate whether tinnitus severity was best conceptualized as qualitatively distinct subtypes, quantitative differences varying along ...
Balazs Zoltan - - 2013
The paper argues that values are universals, either properties or relations. For the latter, instantiation is a matter of the content of the relation, the relata, and the context (the instantiation of further relations). This moderate realist conception helps us solve some notorious problems in axiology, i.e. malicious pleasure, compassion, ...
Schröger Erich - - 2013
Predictive accounts of perception have received increasing attention in the past 20 years. Detecting violations of auditory regularities, as reflected by the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) auditory event-related potential, is amongst the phenomena seamlessly fitting this approach. Largely based on the MMN literature, we propose a psychological conceptual framework called the Auditory ...
Pickering Lauren - - 2013
This study describes a system designed to measure chloroform flux from terrestrial systems, providing a reliable first assessment of the spatial variability of flux over an area. The study takes into account that the variability of ambient air concentrations is unknown. It includes quality assurance procedures, sensitivity assessments, and testing ...
Kamali Tahereh - - 2013
The shapes and sounds of isolated motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) in an electromyographic (EMG) signal provide a significant source of information for diagnosis, treatment and management of neuromuscular disorders. These parameters can be analyzed qualitatively by an expert or quantitatively by using pattern recognition techniques. Due to the advantages ...
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