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Bulbert Matthew W MW Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Predators use many different strategies to capture prey, including ambushing, active pursuit and luring [1]. No matter the strategy used, predators usually attempt to make the first physical contact with prey. This is not surprising, as prey, regardless how dangerous, can damage or kill a predator if they initiate contact ...
Accorsi Alice A Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, - - 2014
Pomacea canaliculata is a freshwater gastropod considered an invasive pest by several European, North American and Asiatic countries. This snail presents a considerable resistance to pollutants and may successfully face stressful events. Thanks to the unusual possibility to perform several hemolymph collections without affecting its survival, P. canaliculata is a ...
Wartzek Tobias - - 2014
Contactless vital sign measurement technologies often have the drawback of severe motion artifacts and periods in which no signal is available. However, using several identical or physically different sensors, redundancy can be used to decrease the error in noncontact heart rate estimation, while increasing the time period during which reliable ...
Binder Harald H Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, 55101 Mainz, - - 2014
This is a discussion of the following papers: "Probability estimation with machine learning methods for dichotomous and multicategory outcome: Theory" by Jochen Kruppa, Yufeng Liu, Gérard Biau, Michael Kohler, Inke R. König, James D. Malley, and Andreas Ziegler; and "Probability estimation with machine learning methods for dichotomous and multicategory outcome: ...
Harrop Wayne - - 2014
This paper presents cyber resilience as key strand of national security. It establishes the importance of critical national infrastructure protection and the growing vicarious nature of remote, well-planned, and well executed cyber attacks on critical infrastructures. Examples of well-known historical cyber attacks are presented, and the emergence of 'internet of ...
Oishi Koji K 1] Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan [2] CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, - - 2014
The Internet has enabled the emergence of collective problem solving, also known as crowdsourcing, as a viable option for solving complex tasks. However, the openness of crowdsourcing presents a challenge because solutions obtained by it can be sabotaged, stolen, and manipulated at a low cost for the attacker. We extend ...
Kumar Pardeep P Centre for Wireless Communication, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, FI 90014, Finland. - - 2014
Robust security is highly coveted in real wireless sensor network (WSN) applications since wireless sensors' sense critical data from the application environment. This article presents an efficient and adaptive mutual authentication framework that suits real heterogeneous WSN-based applications (such as smart homes, industrial environments, smart grids, and healthcare monitoring). The ...
Al-Momani Orobah O Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, - - 2014
This paper aims to study the performance of support vector machine (SVM) classification in detecting asthma attacks in a wireless remote monitoring scenario. The effect of wireless channels on decision making of the SVM classifier is studied in order to determine the channel conditions under which transmission is not recommended ...
Wood Nathan A NA The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - - 2013
This paper presents a framework for localizing a miniature epicardial crawling robot, HeartLander, on the beating heart using only 6-degree-of-freedom position measurements from an electromagnetic position tracker and a dynamic surface model of the heart. Using only this information, motion and observation models of the system are developed such that ...
Jimenez Julie - - 2013
Advanced dynamic anaerobic digestion models, such as ADM1, require both detailed organic matter characterisation and intimate knowledge of the involved metabolic pathways. In the current study, a methodology for municipal sludge characterization is investigated to describe two key parameters: biodegradability and bioaccessibility of organic matter. The methodology is based on ...
Borsook David - - 2013
Error awareness or detection is the conscious and subconscious processing to evaluate physiological signals that are different from a baseline or homeostatic level. Migraine is a unique neurological disorder in which there are repeated attacks interspersed by attack-free periods. These attacks are dynamic and multidimensional in the sense that sensory, ...
Wilson Laura C - - 2013
Low resting heart rate is a well-replicated biological correlate of aggression, and sensation seeking is frequently cited as the underlying causal explanation. However, little empirical evidence supports this mediating relationship. Furthermore, the biosocial model of violence and social push theory suggest sensation seeking may moderate the relationship between heart rate ...
Tucker Susan L - - 2013
Background. The goal of the present study was to determine, in a large clinical cohort, whether incidental radiation exposure to the heart during definitive radiotherapy of inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) detectably increased the risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP) beyond that resulting from radiation exposure to lung. Material and ...
Khalilian Hanieh - - 2013
A new method for video watermarking is presented in this paper. In the proposed method, data are embedded in the LL subband of wavelet coefficients, and decoding is performed based on the comparison among the elements of the first principal component resulting from empirical principal component analysis (PCA). The locations ...
Strohm S - - 2013
Pattern formation occurs in a wide range of biological systems. This pattern formation can occur in mathematical models because of diffusion-driven instability or due to the interaction between reaction, diffusion, and chemotaxis. In this paper, we investigate the spatial pattern formation of attack clusters in a system for Mountain Pine ...
Beloufa Fayssal - - 2013
In this study, diagnosis of diabetes disease, which is one of the most important diseases, is conducted with artificial intelligence techniques. We have proposed a novel Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm in which a mutation operator is added to an Artificial Bee Colony for improving its performance. When the current ...
Ma Lijia - - 2013
The community structure and the robustness are two important properties of networks for analyzing the functionality of complex systems. The community structure is crucial to understand the potential functionality of complex systems, while the robustness is indispensable to protect the functionality of complex systems from malicious attacks. When a network ...
Postolache Octavian A - - 2013
In this paper we describe and compared method of heart rate estimation from cardiac signal acquired with EMFIT, FMCW Doppler radar and Finapres based technology, in the same context, and briefly investigated their similarities and differences. Study of processing of acquired cardiac signal for accurate peak detection using Wavelet Transform ...
Kumar Supriya S Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
We examined the impact of access to paid sick days (PSDs) and stay-at-home behavior on the influenza attack rate in workplaces. We used an agent-based model of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, with PSD data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, standard influenza epidemic parameters, and the probability of staying home ...
O'Donnell Lauren J - - 2013
We compare two strategies for modeling the connections of the brain's white matter: fiber clustering and the parcellation-based connectome. Both methods analyze diffusion magnetic resonance imaging fiber tractography to produce a quantitative description of the brain's connections. Fiber clustering is designed to reconstruct anatomically-defined white matter tracts, while the parcellation-based ...
García Roberto - - 2013
This work proposes a 25min-last thermogravimetric method as a tool to determine biomass sample's proximate analysis data (moisture, ash, volatile matter and fixed carbon contents) just by direct measure of weight changes on each sample's TG chart. Compared with international standards commonly used to that aim, TG is a faster ...
Ross Stephanie - - 2013
I applaud and elaborate on the contextualism at the heart of Bullot & Reber's (B&R's) theory, challenge two aspects of the appreciative structure they posit (the causal reasoning that allegedly underlies the design stance and the segregation of the component stages), suggest that expert and novice appreciators operate differently, and ...
Atmanspacher Harald - - 2013
We present a typology of mind-matter correlations embedded in a dual-aspect monist framework as proposed by Pauli and Jung. They conjectured a picture in which the mental and the material arise as two complementary aspects of one underlying psychophysically neutral reality to which they cannot be reduced and to which ...
Kincses Zsigmond Tamas - - 2013
Several recent studies have indicated that white matter is affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Diffusion tensor imaging is a tool by which the white matter microstructure can be examined in vivo, and might offer a possibility for the identification of the pattern of white matter disintegration in AD. In the ...
Huan Yanfu - - 2013
In this paper, a novel chemometric method was developed for rapid, accurate, and quantitative analysis of cefalexin in samples. The experiments were carried out by using the short near-infrared spectroscopy coupled with artificial neural networks. In order to enhancing the predictive ability of artificial neural networks model, a modified genetic ...
Liu Jian-Yong - - 2013
A silicon(iv) phthalocyanine with two axial p-phenylene-linked boron dipyrromethene and monostyryl boron dipyrromethene moieties has been prepared. The resulting pentad absorbs strongly in most of the UV-visible region and serves as an artificial photosynthetic antenna-reaction centre model.
Okamoto Eiji - - 2013
We developed a new transcutaneous communication system (TCS) that uses the human body as a conductive medium for monitoring and controlling artificial hearts and other artificial organs in the body.In this study, the physiological effect of data current discharged into the body during data transmission was evaluated by an animal ...
Lucarotti Chiara - - 2013
This paper reviews the state of the art of artificial tactile sensing, with a particular focus on bio-hybrid and fully-biological approaches. To this aim, the study of physiology of the human sense of touch and of the coding mechanisms of tactile information is a significant starting point, which is briefly ...
Chang Kenneth - - 2013
Generating expression constructs for artificial microRNAs (miRNAs) is relatively straightforward. This protocol describes the creation of miR-30-based short hairpin RNA (shRNA) cassettes that are compatible with a number of standard vector systems. The principles outlined here can also be easily applied to other miRNA scaffolds or to simple snapback shRNAs. ...
Prabhu H R Aravinda - - 2013
Study of mind and consciousness through established scientific methods is often difficult due to the observed-observer dichotomy. Cartesian approach of dualism considering the mind and matter as two diverse and unconnected entities has been questioned by oriental schools of Yoga and Vedanta as well as the recent quantum theories of ...
De Livera Alysha M - - 2013
Statistical matters form an integral part of a metabolomics experiment. In this chapter we describe several important aspects in the analysis of metabolomics data such as the removal of unwanted variation and the identification of differentially abundant metabolites, along with a number of other essential statistical considerations.
Ferreira da Silva Adelino R - - 2013
We present a new methodology based on directional data clustering to represent white matter fiber orientations in magnetic resonance analyses for high angular resolution diffusion imaging. A probabilistic methodology is proposed for estimating intravoxel principal fiber directions, based on clustering directional data arising from orientation distribution function (ODF) profiles. ODF ...
Zhang Guanghua - - 2013
To address the vulnerability of geographic routing to multiple security threats such as false routing information, selective forwarding and the Sybil attack in wireless sensor networks, this paper proposes a trust-based defending model against above-mentioned multiple attacks. Considering the characteristics of resource-constrained sensor nodes, trust values of neighboring nodes on ...
Chang Chin-Chen - - 2013
Protecting the ownership and controlling the copies of digital data have become very important issues in Internet-based applications. Reversible watermark technology allows the distortion-free recovery of relational databases after the embedded watermark data are detected or verified. In this paper, we propose a new, blind, reversible, robust watermarking scheme that ...
Bourbin Mathilde M Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, UMR CNRS 7574, Paris, France. - - 2013
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) is a non-destructive, non-invasive technique useful for the characterization of organic moieties in primitive carbonaceous matter related to the origin of life. The classical EPR parameters are the peak-to-peak amplitude, the linewidth and the g factor; however, such parameters turn out not to suffice to fully ...
Jarvis Jonathan C JC School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University , Liverpool , - - 2013
The structure and function of the heart needs to be understood in three dimensions. We give a brief historical summary of the methods by which such an understanding has been sought, and some practical details of the relatively new technique of micro-CT with iodine contrast enhancement in samples from rat ...
Spadaro Salvatore S Department of Philosophy, Sapienza University of Rome, via Carlo Fea n.2, 00161 Rome, - - 2013
This article analyzes some analogies going from Artificial Life questions about the symbol-matter connection to Artificial Intelligence questions about symbol-grounding. It focuses on the notion of the interpretability of syntax and how the symbols are integrated in a unity ("binding problem"). Utilizing the DNA code as a model, this paper ...
Khitrina L V - - 2012
The artificial pigment 4-ketobacteriorhodopsin is an interesting analog of bacteriorhodopsin. Arguments concerning the scheme of the photocycle of 4-ketobacteriorhodopsin are discussed.
Demir Melik┼čah - - 2012
Although it is well established that friendship is a consistent correlate of happiness, less is known about how friendship experiences might promote happiness. The current investigation addressed this gap by testing a mediational model proposing that perceived mattering explains the association of friendship quality with happiness among college students in ...
de Buitléir Amy - - 2012
Abstract We describe the initial phase of a research project to develop an artificial life framework designed to extract knowledge from large data sets with minimal preparation or ramp-up time. In this phase, we evolved an artificial life population with a new brain architecture. The agents have sufficient intelligence to ...
Fukushima Hayato - - 2012
This study provides Heart Rate (HR) Estimation using wrist-type Photoplethysmogpraphy (PPG) sensor while the subject is running. We propose the algorithm to estimate heart rate for the wrist-type PPG sensor. Since body motion artifacts easily affect the arm portion, our method in this study also uses accelerometer built in the ...
Nguyen Hoang - - 2012
Described herein is a new and robust method to extract heart-beat timing from seismocardiogram (SCG). This timing indicates the precise time location of each heart beat and therefore directly conveys heart rate information. Knowledge of the time location of each occurrence of the underlying SCG waveform allows us to obtain ...
Andresen Martin A - - 2012
Twenty-five years ago, David Cantor and Kenneth Land presented a model of the relationship between unemployment and crime. This model showed the complexity of this seemingly simple relationship. Namely, there are two independent and counteracting effects from unemployment that affect crime: motivation and guardianship. In their analysis, Cantor and Land ...
Zimmerman Tammy M - - 2012
Pesticide concentration data for waters from selected carbonate-rock aquifers in agricultural areas of Pennsylvania were collected in 1993-2009 for occurrence and distribution assessments. A set of 30 wells was visited once in 1993-1995 and again in 2008-2009 to assess concentration changes. The data include censored matched pairs (nondetections of a ...
Nurujjaman Md - - 2012
Data assimilation is a tool, which incorporates observations in the model to improve the forecast, and it can be thought of as a synchronization of the model with observations. This paper discusses results of numerical identical twin experiments, with observations acting as master system coupled unidirectionally to the slave system ...
Pan Yongping - - 2012
This paper presents a methodology of asymptotically synchronizing two uncertain generalized Lorenz systems via a single continuous composite adaptive fuzzy controller (AFC). To facilitate controller design, the synchronization problem is transformed into the stabilization problem by feedback linearization. To achieve asymptotic tracking performance, a key property of the optimal fuzzy ...
Mörtl Alexander - - 2012
Human interaction partners tend to synchronize their movements during repetitive actions such as walking. Research of inter-human coordination in purely rhythmic action tasks reveals that the observed patterns of interaction are dominated by synchronization effects. Initiated by our finding that human dyads synchronize their arm movements even in a goal-directed ...
Seoane Luís F - - 2012
An algorithm is presented which implements a probabilistic attack on the key-exchange protocol based on permutation parity machines. Instead of imitating the synchronization of the communicating partners, the strategy consists of a Monte Carlo method to sample the space of possible weights during inner rounds and an analytic approach to ...
Seoane Luís F - - 2012
An algorithm is presented which implements a probabilistic attack on the key-exchange protocol based on permutation parity machines. Instead of imitating the synchronization of the communicating partners, the strategy consists of a Monte Carlo method to sample the space of possible weights during inner rounds and an analytic approach to ...
Doerder F Paul - - 2012
Tetrahymena typically is found in freshwater lakes, ponds, and streams in association with submerged or emergent vegetation. The genus consists of numerous breeding species with micronuclei and many asexual species without micronuclei. In summer months when most populations are at their peak, 30-50% of water samples may yield one or ...
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