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Yazdani-Charati Jamshid J Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2014
Road safety and traffic accidents change in time and space. Although, time variations have always been considered the subject being focused by researchers, the effect of spatial correlation and spatial components on the risk of accident have been less investigated. Due to its specific geographical position, Mazandaran Province is one ...
Lusczakoski Kathryn Kd KK Accelrys, Lafayette, CO, - - 2014
As the need for recovery-oriented outcomes increases, it is critical to understand how numeric recovery scores are developed. In the current article, the modern Rasch modeling techniques were applied to establish numeric scores of consumers' perceptions of recovery. A sample of 1,973 adult consumers at a community-based mental health center ...
Constable George W A GW Theoretical Physics Division, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
We analyse a model consisting of a population of individuals which is subdivided into a finite set of demes, each of which has a fixed but differing number of individuals. The individuals can reproduce, die and migrate between the demes according to an arbitrary migration network. They are haploid, with ...
Xiao Changji C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
•An improved YASSO model is proposed by considering residual spatial autocorrelation.•Model prediction errors are minimised using GIS data at the appropriate spatial scale.•Topographical factors describe 24-49% of variation in soil carbon.
Tenailleau Quentin M QM Laboratoire Chrono-environnement UMR6249 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, - - 2014
Environmental epidemiological studies rely on the quantification of the exposure level in a surface defined as the subject's exposure area. For residential exposure, this area is often the subject's neighborhood. However, the variability of the size and nature of the neighborhoods makes comparison of the findings across studies difficult. This ...
Jacobsen M W MW Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, - - 2014
Processes leading to speciation in oceanic environments without obvious physical barriers remain poorly known. European and American eel (Anguilla anguilla and A. rostrata) spawn in partial sympatry in the Sargasso Sea. Larvae are advected by the Gulf Stream and other currents towards the European/North African and North American coasts, respectively. ...
Maruki Takahiro T Indiana University - - 2014
Rapidly improving sequencing technologies provide unprecedented opportunities for analyzing genome-wide patterns of polymorphisms. In particular, they have great potential for linkage-disequilibrium analyses on both global and local genetic scales, which will substantially improve our ability to derive evolutionary inferences. However, there are some difficulties with analyzing high-throughput sequencing data, including ...
Flori Laurence L CIRAD, UMR INTERTRYP, F34398, Montpellier, France; INRA, UMR 1313 GABI, F78350, Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2014
Understanding the adaptive response to environmental fluctuations represents a central issue in evolutionary biology. Population admixture between divergent ancestries has often been considered as an efficient short-term adaptation strategy. Cattle populations from the West African Bos taurus x Bos indicus hybrid zone represent a valuable resource to characterize the effect ...
Seixas Flávio Luiz FL Institute of Computing, Federal Fluminense University, Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Niterói, RJ 24210-240, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Population aging has been occurring as a global phenomenon with heterogeneous consequences in both developed and developing countries. Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer׳s Disease (AD), have high prevalence in the elderly population. Early diagnosis of this type of disease allows early treatment and improves patient quality of life. This paper ...
Fujimoto M - - 2014
Error correction is an important step in increasing the quality of next-generation sequencing data for downstream analysis and use. Polymorphic datasets are a challenge for many bioinformatic software packages that are designed for or assume homozygosity of an input dataset. This assumption ignores the true genomic composition of many organisms ...
Redelings Benjamin B Biology Department, Duke UniversityNational Evolutionary Synthesis Center - - 2014
Current estimates of diversifying positive selection rely on first having an accurate multiple sequence alignment. Simulation studies have shown that under biologically plausible conditions, relying on a single estimate of the alignment from commonly used alignment software can lead to unacceptably high false positive rates in detecting diversifying positive selection. ...
Jacobsen Grant D - - 2014
This paper provides the first estimates of end-use specific emissions factors, which are estimates of the amount of a pollutant that is emitted when a unit of electricity is generated to meet demand from a specific end-use. In particular, this paper provides estimates of emissions factors for space cooling and ...
Takeda Akiko A Department of Mathematical Informatics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We propose a unified machine learning model (UMLM) for two-class classification, regression and outlier (or novelty) detection via a robust optimization approach. The model embraces various machine learning models such as support vector machine-based and minimax probability machine-based classification and regression models. The unified framework makes it possible to compare ...
Xie Haoran H Department of Computer Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong Special Administrative - - 2014
In the era of big data, collaborative tagging (a.k.a. folksonomy) systems have proliferated as a consequence of the growth of Web 2.0 communities. Constructing user profiles from folksonomy systems is useful for many applications such as personalized search and recommender systems. The identification of latent user communities is one way ...
Gomez Rapson R Federation University, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report a meta-analysis of up to 40 data sets that examined the personality dimensions in the Five-Factor Model (FFM) and the integrated Five-Factor Model (IFFM) in relation to ADHD symptom domains of inattention (IA) and hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI). The IFFM incorporated the dimensions of other personality models (in particular, those ...
Lopes Paulo P Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, COPELABS, Centro de Estudos em Psicologia Cognitiva e da Aprendizagem, Ares do Pinhal, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
A high degree of self-efficacy is required from drug users if they are to adopt long-term abstinence-maintaining or harm-reducing behaviors. Our objective was to analyze the psychometric quality of the Harm Reduction Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (HRSEQ) with the Rating Scale Model (RSM), an extension of the Rasch Model for polytomous items. ...
AbdelRahman Samir E - - 2014
The aim of this study was to propose an analytical approach to develop high-performing predictive models for congestive heart failure (CHF) readmission using an operational dataset with incomplete records and changing data over time. Our analytical approach involves three steps: pre-processing, systematic model development, and risk factor analysis. For pre-processing, ...
Wang Jinliang J Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, NW1 4RY, United - - 2014
Coupled with rapid developments of efficient genetic markers, powerful population genetics methods were proposed to estimate migration rates (m) in natural populations in much broader spatial and temporal scales than the traditional mark-release-recapture (MRR) methods. Highly polymorphic (e.g. microsatellites) and genomic wide (e.g. SNPs) markers provide sufficient information to assign ...
Downs C J CJ *Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA; Department of Biological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58102, USA - - 2014
Considerable research in ecoimmunology focuses on investigating variation in immune responses and linking this variation to physiological trade-offs, ecological traits, and environmental conditions. Variation in immune responses exists within and among individuals, among populations, and among taxonomic groupings. Understanding how variation and covariation are distributed and how they differ across ...
Davis Brittany A BA MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute, Cardiff University, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff, CF24 4HQ, - - 2014
Rodent models are a key factor in the process of translating psychiatric genetics and genomics findings, allowing us to shed light on how risk-genes confer changes in neurobiology by merging different types of data across fields, from behavioural neuroscience to the burgeoning omics (e.g. genomics, epigenomics, proteomics, etc.). Moreover, they ...
Iversen Edwin S - - 2014
Genetic association studies are conducted to discover genetic loci that contribute to an inherited trait, identify the variants behind these associations and ascertain their functional role in determining the phenotype. To date, functional annotations of the genetic variants have rarely played more than an indirect role in assessing evidence for ...
Cai Guanjing - - 2014
Controlling harmful algae blooms (HABs) using microbial algicides is cheap, efficient and environmental-friendly. However, obtaining high yield of algicidal microbes to meet the need of field test is still a big challenge since qualitative and quantitative analysis of algicidal compounds is difficult. In this study, we developed a protocol to ...
Otani Koichi K Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata 990-9585, - - 2014
Beck's cognitive theory of depression postulates personality vulnerability factors termed sociotropy and autonomy, which are accompanied by characteristic interpersonal styles. Meanwhile, Bartholomew contends that negative working models of the self and other built through insecure attachment relationships are externalized as distinctive interpersonal styles. The present study examined the relationships of ...
May Sabine S PharmBioTec GmbH, Saarbrücken, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate influencing factors on the dissolution test for powders for pulmonary delivery with USP apparatus 2 (paddle apparatus). We investigated the influence of dose collection method, membrane holder type and the presence of surfactants on the dissolution process. Furthermore, we modeled the in ...
Liu Ruijie - - 2014
SNP genotyping microarrays have revolutionized the study of complex disease. The current range ofcommercially available genotyping products contain extensive catalogues of low frequency and rarevariants. Existing SNP calling algorithms have difficulty dealing with these low frequency variants,as the underlying models rely on each genotype having a reasonable number of observations ...
Choi Sunhwa S Department of Mathematics, Konkuk University, Seoul , 143-701, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
A mathematical control model for the transmission dynamics of tuberculosis (TB) in South Korea is developed on the basis of the reported active-TB and relapse-TB incidence data. In this work, optimal control theory is used to propose optimal TB prevention and control strategy and rearrange the government TB budget for ...
Costa Jane - - 2014
The Triatoma brasiliensis complex is a monophyletic group, comprising three species, one of which includes two subspecific taxa, distributed across 12 Brazilian states, in the caatinga and cerrado biomes. Members of the complex are diverse in terms of epidemiological importance, morphology, biology, ecology, and genetics. Triatoma b. brasiliensis is the ...
Chae Jung-Woo - - 2014
Aim: The objective of the present study was to develop population pharmacokinetic models for olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide and to investigatem the influence of demographic factors on these population pharmacokinetics. Methods: Plasma concentrations of olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide were measured in 41 healthy volunteers enrolled in our bioequivalence study by ...
Sivan Atara A 1 Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong - - 2014
Summary.-This study validated the Chinese version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (C-QTI) with two samples (ns = 370 and 369) of primary school students in Hong Kong. The 48-item measure had acceptable internal consistency reliability, but the reliability coefficients of four of the scales were too low. The findings ...
Geronimi Elena M C EM a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , - - 2014
Despite strong evidence that worry is a verbal process, studies examining linguistic features in individuals with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) are lacking. The aim of the present study is to investigate language use in individuals with GAD and controls based on GAD and worry theoretical models. More specifically, the degree ...
Li Jia J Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that draw samples from multiple studies with a mixture of relationship structures are becoming more common. Analytical methods exist for using mixed-sample data, but few methods have been proposed for the analysis of genotype-by-environment (G×E) interactions. Using GWAS data from a study of sarcoidosis susceptibility genes ...
Baccini Michela M 1Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
This paper describes the methods used to investigate variations in total alcoholic beverage consumption as related to selected control intervention policies and other socioeconomic factors (unplanned factors) within 12 European countries involved in the AMPHORA project. The analysis presented several critical points: presence of missing values, strong correlation among the ...
Mitteldorf Joshua J Massachusetts Inst of Technology, Dept of EAPS, 654 Carpenter Ln, Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA. - - 2014
Prevailing ideas of how aging evolved are a poor fit with the picture of aging that is developing from genetics labs and breeding experiments. Nevertheless, the community of theorists is reluctant to consider alternate approaches because the differences are profound, calling into question much of the standard methodology of Population ...
Pemberton Mark A MA Systox Ltd, Wilmslow, Cheshire, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acrylic, Poly Methyl Methacrylate (PMMA) based polymers are found in many industrial, professional and consumer products and are of low toxicity, but do contain very low levels of residual monomers and process chemicals that can leach out during handling and use. Methyl Methacrylate, the principle monomer is of low toxicity, ...
Zhang Hanwang - - 2014
Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) has received considerable attention in image processing, computer vision and patter recognition. An important variant of NMF is Nonnegative Graph Embedding (NGE), which encodes the statistical or geometric information of data in the process of matrix factorization. NGE offers a general framework for unsupervised/supervised settings. However, ...
Buckner Janet C JC Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The marmosets and tamarins, Family Callitrichidae, are Neotropical primates with over 60 species and subspecies that inhabit much of South America. Although they constitute a widely distributed family of Neotropical primates, attempts to unravel their biogeographic history have been limited by taxonomic confusion and the lack of an appropriate statistical ...
Oganjan Katarina K University of Tartu, Estonian Marine Institute, Department of Marine Biology, Mäealuse 14, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Benthic suspension feeding is an important process in coastal ecosystems. Among all the World's oceans, coastal ecosystems are the most modified by human impact and changing at accelerating pace. It is complicated to understand, how various environmental factors affect feeding rates of suspension feeders in their natural habitats. Thus, shapes ...
Chen Chun-Hao - - 2014
Abdominal visceral fat affects the metabolic processes, and is an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study was to develop a quick and accurate estimate in the visceral fat area (VFA) of the L4-L5 vertebrae using anthropometric predictor variables that can be measured conveniently. A ...
Park A W AW Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA; Department Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, - - 2014
Like many organisms, individuals of the freshwater ostracod species Eucypris virens exhibit either obligate sexual or asexual reproductive modes. Both types of individual routinely co-occur, including in the same temporary freshwater pond (their natural habitat in which they undergo seasonal diapause). Given the well-known two-fold cost of sex, this begs ...
Park Inhye I Department of Geoinformatics, University of Seoul, Siripdae-gil 13, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Republic of - - 2014
The evidential belief function (EBF) model was applied and validated for analysis of groundwater-productivity potential (GPP) in Boryeong and Pohang cities, agriculture region in Korea using geographic information systems (GIS). Data about related factors, including topography, lineament, geology, forest, soil, and groundwater data were collected and input into a spatial ...
Cárdenas Ibsen Chivatá IC Department of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The - - 2014
The authors of this article have developed six probabilistic causal models for critical risks in tunnel works. The details of the models' development and evaluation were reported in two earlier publications of this journal. Accordingly, as a remaining step, this article is focused on the investigation into the use of ...
Otwinowski Jakub J Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
The genotype-fitness map plays a fundamental role in shaping the dynamics of evolution. However, it is difficult to directly measure a fitness landscape in practice, because the number of possible genotypes is astronomical. One approach is to sample as many genotypes as possible, measure their fitnesses, and fit a statistical ...
Beaujean A Alexander - - 2014
Previous research using the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities has shown a relationship between cognitive ability and academic achievement. Most of this research, however, has been done using the Woodcock-Johnson family of instruments with a higher order factor model. For CHC theory to grow, research should be done with ...
Rebora Paola P Center of Biostatistics for Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy - - 2014
Two-phase studies are attractive for their economy and efficiency in research settings where large cohorts are available for investigating the prognostic and predictive role of novel genetic and biological factors. In this type of study, information on novel factors is collected only in a convenient subcohort (phase II) drawn from ...
Kotelnikova Yuliya Y Western University, London, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
The Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality full-length (SNAP) and short versions (SNAP-SRF and SNAP-ORF) were developed as measures of normal-range and more pathological personality traits. This study investigated the validity of the SNAP Brief Self-Description Rating Form (SNAP-BSRF), an alternative version of the SNAP Self-Description Rating Form (SNAP-SRF) revised ...
Abell Caitlyn E - - 2014
Determining an animal's genetic merit using genomic information can improve estimated breeding value (EBV) accuracy; however, the magnitude of the accuracy improvement must be large enough to recover the costs associated with implementing genome-enabled selection. One way to reduce costs is to genotype nucleus herd selection candidates using a low-density ...
Lusczakoski Kate DeRoche KD Accelrys, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
The concept of recovery can be operationalized from either the point of view of the consumer or from the perspective of the provider of services. The Recovery Markers Inventory (RMI) was created to assess recovery-related factors (i.e., actions/events associated with consumer's recovery) from the provider's perspective. Evidence, which established the ...
McCracken Lance M LM Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, Guy's Campus, 5th Floor Bermondsey Wing, London, SE1 9RT, UK, - - 2014
The psychological flexibility model appears to be useful for organizing research into chronic pain. One component of the model is called "cognitive defusion." A process referred to as decentering, measured by the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ), appears similar to cognitive defusion. The purpose of this study is to extend previous investigations ...
Ballweber L R LR Colorado State University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 1644 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The principle of fecal flotation is based on the ability of a solution to allow less dense material (including parasite elements) to rise to the top. However, there are numerous factors that will influence the accuracy and use of such a theoretically simple technique. Whether or not centrifugation is used ...
Cuesta-Vargas Antonio I - - 2014
The Lower Limb Functional Index (LLFI) is a relatively recently published regional outcome measure. The development article showed the LLFI had robust and valid clinimetric properties with sound psychometric and practical characteristics when compared to the Lower Limb Extremity Scale (LEFS) criterion standard. The purpose of this study was cross ...
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