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Varghese Merilyn M Merilyn Varghese and Christine Sheffer are with the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York, NY. Maxine Stitzer is with Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Reid Landes is with the Department of Biostatistics, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. S. Laney Brackman and Tiffany Munn are with the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical - - 2014
Objectives. We examined socioeconomic disparities in tobacco dependence treatment outcomes from a free, proactive telephone counseling quitline. Methods. We delivered cognitive-behavioral treatment and nicotine patches to 6626 smokers and examined socioeconomic differences in demographic, clinical, environmental, and treatment use factors. We used logistic regressions and generalized estimating equations (GEE) to ...
Patel Chirag J CJ Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies evaluate multiple exposures, but the extent of multiplicity often remains non-transparent when results are reported. There is extensive debate in the literature on whether multiplicity should be adjusted for in the design, analysis, and reporting of most epidemiological studies, and, if so, how this should be done. The ...
Minic─â Camelia C CC Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Given the availability of genotype and phenotype data collected in family members, the question arises which estimator ensures the most optimal use of such data in genome-wide scans. Using simulations, we compared the Unweighted Least Squares (ULS) and Maximum Likelihood (ML) procedures. The former is implemented in Plink and uses ...
Bongoni R R Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the - - 2014
Preferences for sensory properties (e.g. taste and texture) are assumed to control cooking behaviour with respect to vegetables. Conditions such as the cooking method, amount of water used and the time-temperature profile determine the nutritional quality (e.g. vitamins and phytochemicals) of cooked vegetables. Information on domestic processing and any underlying ...
Trucchi Emiliano E Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066, Blindern, Oslo 0316, Norway - - 2014
How natural climate cycles, such as past glacial/interglacial patterns, have shaped species distributions at the high-latitude regions of the Southern Hemisphere is still largely unclear. Here, we show how the post-glacial warming following the Last Glacial Maximum (ca 18 000 years ago), allowed the (re)colonization of the fragmented sub-Antarctic habitat ...
Rajeswaran Jeevanantham J Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, USA - - 2014
In medical sciences, we often encounter longitudinal temporal relationships that are non-linear in nature. The influence of risk factors may also change across longitudinal follow-up. A system of multiphase non-linear mixed effects model is presented to model temporal patterns of longitudinal continuous measurements, with temporal decomposition to identify the phases ...
Cheong Yoon Ling YL Geography Department, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany; Medical Research Resource Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The transmission of dengue disease is influenced by complex interactions among vector, host and virus. Land use such as water bodies or certain agricultural practices have been identified as likely risk factors for dengue because of the provision of suitable habitats for the vector. Many studies have focused on the ...
Paloma Virginia V Department of Social Psychology, College of Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Camilo José Cela, s/n, 41018, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
The decision to migrate is normally based on expectations of improving one's actual living conditions and therefore, one's well-being. However, these expectations are not usually met in receiving contexts that relegate newcomers to lower power positions. From a liberating community psychology approach, this study aims to develop a predictive model ...
Roux C C Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France; CNRS-UMR5554 Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Station Méditerranéenne de l'Environnement Littoral, Sète, France; Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
The use of molecular data to reconstruct the history of divergence and gene flow between populations of closely related taxa represents a challenging problem. It has been proposed that the long-standing debate about the geography of speciation can be resolved by comparing the likelihoods of a model of isolation with ...
de Visser J Arjan G M JA Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708PB Wageningen, The - - 2014
The genotype-fitness map (that is, the fitness landscape) is a key determinant of evolution, yet it has mostly been used as a superficial metaphor because we know little about its structure. This is now changing, as real fitness landscapes are being analysed by constructing genotypes with all possible combinations of ...
Stallinga Hillegonda A HA Wenckebach Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study explores, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, the consequences of different operationalizations of participation in regression models predicting participation in one sample of patients. Cross-sectional, comparative study. Department of Neurology of a University Hospital. A total of 677 patients with a Neuromuscular Disease. Participation ...
Ngueta Gerard G Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Estimation of relative contribution of Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on health outcomes requires a regression model that includes both obesity metrics. But, multicollinearity could yield biased estimates. To address the multicollinearity issue between BMI and WC, we used the residual model approach. The standard WC (Y-axis) ...
Li Shaoyu - - 2014
Maternal-fetal genotype incompatibility (MFGI) is increasingly reported to influence human diseases, especially pregnancy-related complications. In practice, it is challenging to identify the ideal incompatibility model for analysis, since the true MFGI mechanism is generally unknown. The underlying MFGI mechanism for different genetic variants can vary, and to use a single ...
Ha Neung Soo NS Statistics and Applied Mathematics Sciences Institute, Durham, NC 27709, - - 2014
The National Health Interview Survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is designed to provide reliable design-based estimates for a wide range of health-related variables for national and four major geographical regions of the USA. However, state-level or substate-level estimates are likely to be unreliable because they are ...
Thorsen Cecilia C University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University West, Trollhättan, - - 2014
Cattell's Gf-Gc distinction is quite generally recognized. However, the developmental part of the Gf-Gc theory of intelligence has not gained the same recognition. Results are inconsistent, but recent discussions emphasize the importance of homogeneity of samples with regard to education and language when investigating the developmental Investment theory. The aim ...
Meraï A A 1Animal Science Unit,National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia,University of - - 2014
This work aimed to study the sources of variation in productive and reproductive traits of the dairy Sicilo-Sarde ewes and to further investigate the interaction between both classes of traits. After edits, a database containing 5935 lactation records collected during 6 successive years in eight dairy flocks in the North ...
John M T MT Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Previous exploratory analyses suggest that the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) consists of four correlated dimensions and that individual differences in OHIP total scores reflect an underlying higher-order factor. The aim of this report is to corroborate these findings in the Dimensions of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (DOQ) Project, ...
Kar Narayani Prasad - - 2014
Malaria continues to be a major health problem in more than 100 endemic countries located primarily in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. Malaria transmission is a dynamic process and involves many interlinked factors, from uncontrollable natural environmental conditions to man-made disturbances to nature. Almost half of the population ...
Daivadanam Meena - - 2014
Interventions having a strong theoretical basis are more efficacious, providing a strong argument for incorporating theory into intervention planning. The objective of this study was to develop a conceptual model to facilitate the planning of dietary intervention strategies at the household level in rural Kerala. Three focus group discussions and ...
Huang Xiaowei X School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Rd., 212013 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Yao-meat is a traditional Chinese salted meat. Total volatile basic nitrogen content (TVB-N), total viable bacterial count (TVC), and residual nitrite (RN) level are important indexes of freshness for Yao-meat. This paper attempted the feasibility to determine TVB-N content, TVC and RN level in Yao-meat by a colorimetric sensor array ...
Myers Nicholas D ND Department of Educational and Psychological Studies, University of Miami, Merrick Building 311E, Coral Gables, FL, 33124-2040, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to explore the influence of the number of targets specified on the quality of exploratory factor analysis solutions with a complex underlying structure and incomplete substantive measurement theory. We extended previous research in this area by (a) exploring this phenomenon in situations in ...
Otárola Mauricio Fernández MF Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR), San Pedro de Montes de Oca 11501-2060, San José, Costa - - 2014
• Premise of the study: Environmental heterogeneity is a strong selective force shaping adaptation and population dynamics across temporal and spatial scales. Natural and anthropogenic gradients influence the variation of environmental and biotic factors, which determine population demography and dynamics. Successional gradients are expected to influence demographic parameters, but the ...
Black Andrew J AJ School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Processes that spread through local contact, including outbreaks of infectious diseases, are inherently noisy, and are frequently observed to be far noisier than predicted by standard stochastic models that assume homogeneous mixing. One way to reproduce the observed levels of noise is to introduce significant individual-level heterogeneity with respect to ...
Alemu Kassahun - - 2014
Malaria attacks are not evenly distributed in space in time. In highland areas with low endemicity, malaria transmission is highly variable and malaria acquisition risk for individuals is unevenly distributed even within a neighbourhood. Characterizing the spatiotemporal distribution of malaria cases in high-altitude villages is necessary to prioritize the risk ...
Wang Dongmei - - 2014
This paper examines the individual factors that influence prevalence rates of canine heartworm in thecontiguous United States. A data set provided by the Companion Animal Parasite Council, whichcontains county-by-county results of over nine million heartworm tests conducted during 2011 and2012, is analyzed for predictive structure. The goal is to identify ...
Hill Harry H The Manchester Centre for Health Economics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Jean McFarlane Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, - - 2014
the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a widely used measure of fear of falling that assesses concerns with respect to falls over a range of physical and social activities. In the original validation study, the methods used (self-selection by participants) were likely to over-represent those with a higher educational level ...
Tyler Flockhart D T DT Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, - - 2014
Threats to migratory animals can occur at multiple periods of the annual cycle that are separated by thousands of kilometers and span international borders. Populations of the iconic monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) of eastern North America have declined over the last 21 years. Three hypotheses have been posed to explain ...
Kivelä Mikko M Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, School of Science, Aalto University, Helsinki, - - 2014
The recent application of graph-theory based network analysis to biogeography, community ecology and population genetics has created a need for user-friendly software which would allow a wider accessibility to and adaptation of these methods. EDENetworks aims to fill this void by providing an easy-to-use interface for the whole analysis pipeline ...
Hou Deyi D Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The sustainable remediation concept, aimed at maximizing the net environmental, social, and economic benefits in contaminated site remediation, is being increasingly recognized by industry, governments, and academia. However, there is limited understanding of actual sustainable behaviour being adopted and the determinants of such sustainable behaviour. The present study identified 27 ...
Rastegar S O SO Biotechnology Group, Chemical Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2014
This study determined the optimal conditions required to attain maximum metal recovery in the bioleaching process of dewatered metal-plating sludge using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans). Adaptation of this strain was carried up to 1% (w/v) of the sample. Three factors including initial pH, initial Fe(3+) concentration and pulp density were ...
Servien Rémi R INRA, Université de Toulouse, UMR 1331 Toxalim, Research Centre in Food Toxicology, F-31027 Toulouse, France; INRA, UR 050, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l'Environnement, Avenue des Etangs, F-11100 Narbonne, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following legislation, the assessment of the environmental risks of 30000-100000 chemical substances is required for their registration dossiers. However, their behavior in the environment and their transfer to environmental components such as water or atmosphere are studied for only a very small proportion of the chemical in laboratory tests or ...
Sheikhy Narany Tahoora T Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
In recent years, groundwater quality has become a global concern due to its effect on human life and natural ecosystems. To assess the groundwater quality in the Amol-Babol Plain, a total of 308 water samples were collected during wet and dry seasons in 2009. The samples were analysed for their ...
Flanders William Dana WD , Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, - - 2014
Definitions and conceptualizations of confounding and selection bias have evolved over the past several decades. An important advance occurred with development of the concept of exchangeability. For example, if exchangeability holds, risks of disease in an unexposed group can be compared with risks in an exposed group to estimate causal ...
Stenzel Stephanie L SL Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
With limited funding and biological specimen availability, choosing an optimal sampling design to maximize power for detecting gene-by-environment (G-E) interactions is critical. Exposure-enriched sampling is often used to select subjects with rare exposures for genotyping to enhance power for tests of G-E effects. However, exposure misclassification (MC) combined with biased ...
Sahoo Anoop J AJ System Engineer, Infosys Technologies, Chennai, - - 2014
Now - a-days, some new classes of diseases have come into existences which are known as lifestyle diseases. The main reasons behind these diseases are changes in the lifestyle of people such as alcohol drinking, smoking, food habits etc. After going through the various lifestyle diseases, it has been found ...
Edelson Micah G MG Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, Rehovot 7610001, - - 2014
Humans are strongly influenced by their environment, a dependence that can lead to errors in judgment. Although a rich literature describes how people are influenced by others, little is known regarding the factors that predict subsequent rectification of misleading influence. Using a mediation model in combination with brain imaging, we ...
Pearson John M JM Department of Neurobiology, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, - - 2014
Neuroeconomics applies models from economics and psychology to inform neurobiological studies of choice. This approach has revealed neural signatures of concepts like value, risk, and ambiguity, which are known to influence decision making. Such observations have led theorists to hypothesize a single, unified decision process that mediates choice behavior via ...
Duan Han-Chen HC Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 320, West Donggang Road, 730000, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, - - 2014
Aeolian desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socioeconomic problems in arid, semi-arid, and dry subhumid zones. Understanding desertification processes and causes is important to provide reasonable and effective control measures for preventing desertification. With satellite remote sensing images as data source to assess the temporal and spatial ...
Raulf M M Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Ruhr-University Bochum (IPA), Bochum, - - 2014
Exposure to high molecular weight sensitizers of biologic origin is an important risk factor for the development of asthma and rhinitis. Most of causal allergens have been defined based on their reactivity with IgE antibodies and in many cases the molecular structure and function of the allergens have been established. ...
Usher-Smith Juliet A JA The Primary Care Unit, University of Cambridge - - 2014
Melanoma incidence is rising rapidly worldwide among white skinned populations. Earlier diagnosis is the principal factor that can improve prognosis. Defining high-risk populations using risk prediction models may help targeted screening and early detection approaches. In this systematic review we searched Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for primary research ...
Vecino-Ortiz Andres I AI International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2014
In settings with low seatbelt use prevalence, self-reported seatbelt use estimates often lack validity, and routine observational studies are scarce. In this paper, we aim to describe the prevalence of seatbelt use and associated factors in drivers and front-seat passengers across eight sites in four countries (Egypt, Mexico, Russia, Turkey) ...
Duforet-Frebourg Nicolas N Université Joseph Fourier, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire TIMC-IMAG, UMR 5525, Grenoble, - - 2014
There is a considerable impetus in population genomics to pinpoint loci involved in local adaptation. A powerful approach to find genomic regions subject to local adaptation is to genotype numerous molecular markers and look for outlier loci. One of the most common approaches for selection scans is based on statistics ...
Griffin Sarah A - - 2014
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was developed as a measure of the maladaptive personality trait model included within Section III of the DSM-5. Although preliminary findings have suggested the PID-5 has a five-factor structure that overlaps considerably with the Five-Factor Model (FFM) at the higher order level, there has ...
Mikolajewski Amy J - - 2014
Prosociality is one construct included in the developmental propensity model proposed by Lahey and Waldman (2003, 2005) to explain the development of conduct problems in childhood and adolescence. Findings from previous literature on 2 facets of prosociality, dispositional sympathy and respect for rules, suggest that both may have genetic and ...
Morean Meghan E - - 2014
Self-reported impulsivity confers risk factor for substance abuse. However, the psychometric properties of many self-report impulsivity measures have been questioned, thereby undermining the interpretability of study findings using these measures. To better understand these measurement limitations and to suggest a path to assessing self-reported impulsivity with greater psychometric stability, we ...
Lattanzio Matthew S MS Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, 107 Irvine Hall, Athens, Ohio, 45701, - - 2014
Differences in individual behaviour affect social interactions and contribute to the spatial structuring of animal populations. However, disturbance should also affect spatial networks by altering habitat heterogeneity and resource availability. Variation in resource availability should perturb the frequency and nature of social and ecological interactions within a population by affecting ...
Ruiz Daniel D Grupo Investigación en Gestión Ambiental, Escuela de Ingeniería de Antioquia, Envigado, Antioquia, Colombia; International Research Institute for Climate and Society, and Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, New York, City of New York; Subdirección de Vigilancia y Control en Salud Pública, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Bogotá, Colombia; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Bogotá, Bogotá, Colombia; Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical, Universidad Compromiso con la Excelencia, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia; School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool United Kingdom - - 2014
As part of the Integrated National Adaptation Pilot project and the Integrated Surveillance and Control System, the Colombian National Institutes of Health is working on the design and implementation of a Malaria Early Warning System framework, supported by seasonal climate forecasting capabilities, weather and environmental monitoring, and malaria statistical and ...
Samuel Douglas B DB Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA - - 2014
The Five-Factor Model Rating Form (FFMRF) provides a brief, one-page assessment of the Five-Factor Model. An important and unique aspect of the FFMRF is that it is the only brief measure that includes scales for the 30 facets proposed by Costa and McCrae. The current study builds on existing validity ...
Lagona Francesco F University of Roma Tre, Rome, Italy; Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, - - 2014
Longitudinal data are often segmented by unobserved time-varying factors, which introduce latent heterogeneity at the observation level, in addition to heterogeneity across subjects. We account for this latent structure by a linear mixed hidden Markov model. It integrates subject-specific random effects and Markovian sequences of time-varying effects in the linear ...
Bodey Thomas W TW Centre for Ecology & Conservation, Penryn Campus, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9EZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exploitation of the seas is currently unsustainable, with increasing demand for marine resources placing intense pressure on the Earth's largest ecosystem [1]. The scale of anthropogenic effects varies from local to entire ocean basins [1-3]. For example, discards of commercial capture fisheries can have both positive and negative impacts on ...
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