Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 6445
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Jang Jooyoung - - 2014
What are the advantages and disadvantages of spatially stacked (i.e., when information sources are presented side-by-side) versus distributed (i.e., when information sources are sitting on top of one another with only the top source fully visible) organizations of information? We introduce a new theoretical decomposition of these advantages and disadvantages ...
Bresin Konrad - - 2014
Studies on the relation between psychopathy and cognitive functioning often show mixed results, partially because different factors of psychopathy have not been considered fully. Based on previous research, we predicted divergent results based on a 2-factor model of psychopathy (interpersonal-affective traits and impulsive-antisocial traits). Specifically, we predicted that the unique ...
Kumar Paulraj Ranjith PR Department of Electronics and Communication, PSR Engineering College, Sivakasi, - - 2014
Coronary artery disease due to atherosclerosis is an epidemic in India. An estimated 1.3 million Indians died from this in 2000. The projected death from coronary artery disease by 2016 is 2.98 million. To build an effective model which assorts the individuals, whether they belong to the normal group, risk ...
Hu Liya L Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
The validation of McGill quality-of-life questionnaire (MQOLQ) in mainland China, which had already been used in multicultural palliative care background including Hong Kong and Taiwan, remained unknown. Eligible patients completed the translated Chinese version of McGill questionnaires (MQOL-C), which had been examined before the study. Construct validity was preliminarily assessed ...
Meliá José L JL University of Valencia, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Methodology, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21. - 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel.: +34 96 386 4548; Fax: +34 96 386 4697; E-mail: - - 2014
The construction industry is one of the sectors with the highest accident rates and the most serious accidents. A multi-agent safety response approach allows a useful diagnostic tool in order to understand factors affecting risk and accidents. The special features of the construction sector can influence the relationships among safety ...
Cavallo Eugenio E Institute for Agricultural and Earth Moving Machines (IMAMOTER), Italian National Research Council (CNR), Torino, - - 2014
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are unstable on steep and rough terrain, and thus, rollover is the most common accident which can result in a high rate of fatal outcome, with higher rates for young and male drivers. This paper investigates the ability of rural Pennsylvania ATV drivers to correctly evaluate slopes, ...
King-Kallimanis Bellinda L BL Department of Medical Gerontology, Trinity College Dublin, Lincoln Gate, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We explored the measurement properties of frailty with the goal of optimizing frailty assessment according to phenotype definition of Fried and comparing measurement properties across countries. Data are from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (n = 27,938), a population-based study of community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years. Frailty was ...
Hung Chih-Ming CM Department of Life Science - - 2014
To assess the role of human disturbances in species' extinction requires an understanding of the species population history before human impact. The passenger pigeon was once the most abundant bird in the world, with a population size estimated at 3-5 billion in the 1800s; its abrupt extinction in 1914 raises ...
Kramer Michael M Department of Medicine and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2014
While the manually curated Gene Ontology (GO) is widely used, inferring a GO directly from -omics data is a compelling new problem. Recognizing that ontologies are a directed acyclic graph (DAG) of terms and hierarchical relations, algorithms are needed that: analyze a full matrix of gene-gene pairwise similarities from -omics ...
Verbyla Arūnas P AP Computational Informatics and Food Futures National Research Flagship, CSIRO, Atherton, QLD 4883, Australia, - - 2014
An efficient whole genome method of QTL analysis is presented for Multi-parent advanced generation integrated crosses. Multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations have been developed for mice and several plant species and are useful for the genetic dissection of complex traits. The analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL) in these ...
Rusch Hannes H Behavioral and Institutional Economics, JLU Giessen, Licher Strasse 66, 35394, Giessen, Germany, - - 2014
Building on and partially refining previous theoretical work, this paper presents an extended simulation model of ancestral warfare. This model (1) disentangles attack and defense, (2) tries to differentiate more strictly between selfish and altruistic efforts during war, (3) incorporates risk aversion and deterrence, and (4) pays special attention to ...
Albieri Vanna - - 2014
Abstract There has been much recent interest in systems biology for investigating the structure of gene regulatory systems. Such networks are often formed of specific patterns, or network motifs, that are interesting from a biological point of view. Our aim in the present paper is to compare statistical methods specifically ...
Li Chaocan C State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, - - 2014
Twenty-nine sediment samples were collected from Lake Chaohu, a shallow eutrophic lake in Eastern China, and were analyzed for 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to determine the spatial distribution and exposure risks of PAHs. Three receptor models, the principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) model, the positive matrix factorization ...
De Brún Aoife A a HRB Centre for Health & Diet Research , University College Cork and University College - - 2014
This study examined the Irish media discourse on obesity by employing the Common Sense Model of Illness Representations. A media sample of 368 transcripts was compiled from newspaper articles (n = 346), radio discussions (n = 5), and online news articles (n = 17) on overweight and obesity from the ...
Schrago Carlos G CG Departamento de Genética, CCS, A2-092, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, SN, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP: 21941-617, Brazil, - - 2014
Reliable estimates of ancestral effective population sizes are necessary to unveil the population-level phenomena that shaped the phylogeny and molecular evolution of the African great apes. Although several methods have previously been applied to infer ancestral effective population sizes, an analysis of the influence of the selective regime on the ...
Wang He H Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Models based on the amorphous track structure approximation have been successful in predicting the biological effects of heavy charged particles. Development of such models remains an active area of research that includes applications to hadrontherapy. In such models, the radial distribution of the dose deposited by delta electrons and directly ...
Zhang Jinwu J University of Macau, China - - 2014
The Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) is an instrument used world-wide for offender risk/need assessment, and the predominant samples for the LSI-R literature were Caucasian participants. This study is the first attempt to examine the reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the LSI-R with 305 probationers (269 males, ...
Shin Hyeong-Moo HM Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Information about the distribution of chemical-production mass with respect to use and release is a major and unavailable input for calculating population-scale exposure estimates. Based on exposure models and biomonitoring data, this study evaluates the distribution of total production volumes (and environmental releases if applicable) for a suite of organic ...
Varghese Merilyn M Merilyn Varghese and Christine Sheffer are with the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York, NY. Maxine Stitzer is with Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Reid Landes is with the Department of Biostatistics, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. S. Laney Brackman and Tiffany Munn are with the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical - - 2014
Objectives. We examined socioeconomic disparities in tobacco dependence treatment outcomes from a free, proactive telephone counseling quitline. Methods. We delivered cognitive-behavioral treatment and nicotine patches to 6626 smokers and examined socioeconomic differences in demographic, clinical, environmental, and treatment use factors. We used logistic regressions and generalized estimating equations (GEE) to ...
Patel Chirag J CJ Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies evaluate multiple exposures, but the extent of multiplicity often remains non-transparent when results are reported. There is extensive debate in the literature on whether multiplicity should be adjusted for in the design, analysis, and reporting of most epidemiological studies, and, if so, how this should be done. The ...
Minică Camelia C CC Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Given the availability of genotype and phenotype data collected in family members, the question arises which estimator ensures the most optimal use of such data in genome-wide scans. Using simulations, we compared the Unweighted Least Squares (ULS) and Maximum Likelihood (ML) procedures. The former is implemented in Plink and uses ...
Bongoni R R Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the - - 2014
Preferences for sensory properties (e.g. taste and texture) are assumed to control cooking behaviour with respect to vegetables. Conditions such as the cooking method, amount of water used and the time-temperature profile determine the nutritional quality (e.g. vitamins and phytochemicals) of cooked vegetables. Information on domestic processing and any underlying ...
Trucchi Emiliano E Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066, Blindern, Oslo 0316, Norway - - 2014
How natural climate cycles, such as past glacial/interglacial patterns, have shaped species distributions at the high-latitude regions of the Southern Hemisphere is still largely unclear. Here, we show how the post-glacial warming following the Last Glacial Maximum (ca 18 000 years ago), allowed the (re)colonization of the fragmented sub-Antarctic habitat ...
Rajeswaran Jeevanantham J Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, USA - - 2014
In medical sciences, we often encounter longitudinal temporal relationships that are non-linear in nature. The influence of risk factors may also change across longitudinal follow-up. A system of multiphase non-linear mixed effects model is presented to model temporal patterns of longitudinal continuous measurements, with temporal decomposition to identify the phases ...
Cheong Yoon Ling YL Geography Department, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany; Medical Research Resource Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The transmission of dengue disease is influenced by complex interactions among vector, host and virus. Land use such as water bodies or certain agricultural practices have been identified as likely risk factors for dengue because of the provision of suitable habitats for the vector. Many studies have focused on the ...
Paloma Virginia V Department of Social Psychology, College of Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Camilo José Cela, s/n, 41018, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
The decision to migrate is normally based on expectations of improving one's actual living conditions and therefore, one's well-being. However, these expectations are not usually met in receiving contexts that relegate newcomers to lower power positions. From a liberating community psychology approach, this study aims to develop a predictive model ...
Roux C C Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France; CNRS-UMR5554 Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Station Méditerranéenne de l'Environnement Littoral, Sète, France; Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
The use of molecular data to reconstruct the history of divergence and gene flow between populations of closely related taxa represents a challenging problem. It has been proposed that the long-standing debate about the geography of speciation can be resolved by comparing the likelihoods of a model of isolation with ...
de Visser J Arjan G M JA Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708PB Wageningen, The - - 2014
The genotype-fitness map (that is, the fitness landscape) is a key determinant of evolution, yet it has mostly been used as a superficial metaphor because we know little about its structure. This is now changing, as real fitness landscapes are being analysed by constructing genotypes with all possible combinations of ...
Stallinga Hillegonda A HA Wenckebach Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study explores, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, the consequences of different operationalizations of participation in regression models predicting participation in one sample of patients. Cross-sectional, comparative study. Department of Neurology of a University Hospital. A total of 677 patients with a Neuromuscular Disease. Participation ...
Ngueta Gerard G Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Estimation of relative contribution of Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on health outcomes requires a regression model that includes both obesity metrics. But, multicollinearity could yield biased estimates. To address the multicollinearity issue between BMI and WC, we used the residual model approach. The standard WC (Y-axis) ...
Li Shaoyu - - 2014
Maternal-fetal genotype incompatibility (MFGI) is increasingly reported to influence human diseases, especially pregnancy-related complications. In practice, it is challenging to identify the ideal incompatibility model for analysis, since the true MFGI mechanism is generally unknown. The underlying MFGI mechanism for different genetic variants can vary, and to use a single ...
Ha Neung Soo NS Statistics and Applied Mathematics Sciences Institute, Durham, NC 27709, - - 2014
The National Health Interview Survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is designed to provide reliable design-based estimates for a wide range of health-related variables for national and four major geographical regions of the USA. However, state-level or substate-level estimates are likely to be unreliable because they are ...
Thorsen Cecilia C University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University West, Trollhättan, - - 2014
Cattell's Gf-Gc distinction is quite generally recognized. However, the developmental part of the Gf-Gc theory of intelligence has not gained the same recognition. Results are inconsistent, but recent discussions emphasize the importance of homogeneity of samples with regard to education and language when investigating the developmental Investment theory. The aim ...
Meraï A A 1Animal Science Unit,National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia,University of - - 2014
This work aimed to study the sources of variation in productive and reproductive traits of the dairy Sicilo-Sarde ewes and to further investigate the interaction between both classes of traits. After edits, a database containing 5935 lactation records collected during 6 successive years in eight dairy flocks in the North ...
John M T MT Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Previous exploratory analyses suggest that the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) consists of four correlated dimensions and that individual differences in OHIP total scores reflect an underlying higher-order factor. The aim of this report is to corroborate these findings in the Dimensions of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (DOQ) Project, ...
Kar Narayani Prasad - - 2014
Malaria continues to be a major health problem in more than 100 endemic countries located primarily in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. Malaria transmission is a dynamic process and involves many interlinked factors, from uncontrollable natural environmental conditions to man-made disturbances to nature. Almost half of the population ...
Daivadanam Meena - - 2014
Interventions having a strong theoretical basis are more efficacious, providing a strong argument for incorporating theory into intervention planning. The objective of this study was to develop a conceptual model to facilitate the planning of dietary intervention strategies at the household level in rural Kerala. Three focus group discussions and ...
Huang Xiaowei X School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Rd., 212013 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Yao-meat is a traditional Chinese salted meat. Total volatile basic nitrogen content (TVB-N), total viable bacterial count (TVC), and residual nitrite (RN) level are important indexes of freshness for Yao-meat. This paper attempted the feasibility to determine TVB-N content, TVC and RN level in Yao-meat by a colorimetric sensor array ...
Myers Nicholas D ND Department of Educational and Psychological Studies, University of Miami, Merrick Building 311E, Coral Gables, FL, 33124-2040, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to explore the influence of the number of targets specified on the quality of exploratory factor analysis solutions with a complex underlying structure and incomplete substantive measurement theory. We extended previous research in this area by (a) exploring this phenomenon in situations in ...
Otárola Mauricio Fernández MF Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR), San Pedro de Montes de Oca 11501-2060, San José, Costa - - 2014
• Premise of the study: Environmental heterogeneity is a strong selective force shaping adaptation and population dynamics across temporal and spatial scales. Natural and anthropogenic gradients influence the variation of environmental and biotic factors, which determine population demography and dynamics. Successional gradients are expected to influence demographic parameters, but the ...
Black Andrew J AJ School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Processes that spread through local contact, including outbreaks of infectious diseases, are inherently noisy, and are frequently observed to be far noisier than predicted by standard stochastic models that assume homogeneous mixing. One way to reproduce the observed levels of noise is to introduce significant individual-level heterogeneity with respect to ...
Alemu Kassahun - - 2014
Malaria attacks are not evenly distributed in space in time. In highland areas with low endemicity, malaria transmission is highly variable and malaria acquisition risk for individuals is unevenly distributed even within a neighbourhood. Characterizing the spatiotemporal distribution of malaria cases in high-altitude villages is necessary to prioritize the risk ...
Wang Dongmei - - 2014
This paper examines the individual factors that influence prevalence rates of canine heartworm in thecontiguous United States. A data set provided by the Companion Animal Parasite Council, whichcontains county-by-county results of over nine million heartworm tests conducted during 2011 and2012, is analyzed for predictive structure. The goal is to identify ...
Hill Harry H The Manchester Centre for Health Economics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Jean McFarlane Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, - - 2014
the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a widely used measure of fear of falling that assesses concerns with respect to falls over a range of physical and social activities. In the original validation study, the methods used (self-selection by participants) were likely to over-represent those with a higher educational level ...
Tyler Flockhart D T DT Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, - - 2014
Threats to migratory animals can occur at multiple periods of the annual cycle that are separated by thousands of kilometers and span international borders. Populations of the iconic monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) of eastern North America have declined over the last 21 years. Three hypotheses have been posed to explain ...
Kivelä Mikko M Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, School of Science, Aalto University, Helsinki, - - 2014
The recent application of graph-theory based network analysis to biogeography, community ecology and population genetics has created a need for user-friendly software which would allow a wider accessibility to and adaptation of these methods. EDENetworks aims to fill this void by providing an easy-to-use interface for the whole analysis pipeline ...
Hou Deyi D Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The sustainable remediation concept, aimed at maximizing the net environmental, social, and economic benefits in contaminated site remediation, is being increasingly recognized by industry, governments, and academia. However, there is limited understanding of actual sustainable behaviour being adopted and the determinants of such sustainable behaviour. The present study identified 27 ...
Rastegar S O SO Biotechnology Group, Chemical Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2014
This study determined the optimal conditions required to attain maximum metal recovery in the bioleaching process of dewatered metal-plating sludge using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans). Adaptation of this strain was carried up to 1% (w/v) of the sample. Three factors including initial pH, initial Fe(3+) concentration and pulp density were ...
Servien Rémi R INRA, Université de Toulouse, UMR 1331 Toxalim, Research Centre in Food Toxicology, F-31027 Toulouse, France; INRA, UR 050, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l'Environnement, Avenue des Etangs, F-11100 Narbonne, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following legislation, the assessment of the environmental risks of 30000-100000 chemical substances is required for their registration dossiers. However, their behavior in the environment and their transfer to environmental components such as water or atmosphere are studied for only a very small proportion of the chemical in laboratory tests or ...
Sheikhy Narany Tahoora T Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
In recent years, groundwater quality has become a global concern due to its effect on human life and natural ecosystems. To assess the groundwater quality in the Amol-Babol Plain, a total of 308 water samples were collected during wet and dry seasons in 2009. The samples were analysed for their ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >