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Tung Sudipta S Population Biology Laboratory, Biology Division, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Pune, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411 008. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the last two decades, several methods have been proposed for stabilizing the dynamics of biological populations. However, these methods have typically been evaluated using different population dynamics models and in the context of very different concepts of stability, which makes it difficult to compare their relative efficiencies. Moreover, since ...
Carson Andrew R - - 2014
Genotypes generated in next generation sequencing studies contain errors which can significantly impact the power to detect signals in common and rare variant association tests. These genotyping errors are not explicitly filtered by the standard GATK Variant Quality Score Recalibration (VQSR) tool and thus remain a source of errors in ...
Kitchen S S Coagulation Laboratory, Sheffield Haemophilia and Thrombosis Centre, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, - - 2014
The dawning era of novel recombinant factor VIII and factor IX concentrates, many of which have been bioengineered to achieve prolonged activity, brings with it the need to consider the most appropriate clinical laboratory approaches for potency assignment, as well as the measurement of postinfusion levels. This session will highlight ...
Lillicrap D D Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Richardson Laboratory, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2014
It is known that a large number of both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the risk of inhibitor development, but underlying pathogenetic mechanisms are still under investigation. The clinical research on inhibitors towards factor VIII (FVIII) is challenged by the fact that this is an infrequent event occurring in ...
Chang Ellen T ET Health Sciences Practice, Exponent, Inc. , Menlo Park, CA, Bowie, MD, and Bellevue, WA , - - 2014
Abstract Geographic modeling is increasingly being used to estimate long-term environmental exposures in epidemiologic studies of chronic disease outcomes. However, without validation against measured environmental concentrations, personal exposure levels, or biologic doses, these models cannot be assumed a priori to be accurate. This article discusses three examples of epidemiologic associations ...
Eastwick Paul W PW Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at - - 2014
This article elaborates on evolutionary perspectives relevant to the meta-analytic portion of our recent review (Eastwick, Luchies, Finkel, & Hunt, 2014). We suggested that if men and women evolved sex-differentiated ideals (i.e., mate preferences), then they should exhibit sex-differentiated desires (e.g., romantic attraction) and/or relational outcomes (e.g., relationship satisfaction) with ...
Onogi A A Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657, - - 2014
The implementation of genomic selection for Japanese Black cattle, known for rich marbling of their meat, is now being explored. Although multiple-step methods are often adopted for dairy cattle, they present shortcomings such as bias and loss of information in addition to operational complexity. These can be avoided using single-step ...
Gómez-Gallego María M a Department of Neuroscience , Catholic University of Murcia , Campus of Jerónimos, Murcia , - - 2014
Background/Study Context: Quality of life (QoL) has become an important outcome measure in clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease (QoL-AD) Scale is widely used for assessing QoL of patients with AD. This research aims to determine the factor structure of the QoL-AD Scale ...
Evans Kiah L KL Occupational Therapy Program, School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science, Edith Cowan University , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This pilot study aimed to establish the appropriateness of the Model of Juggling Occupations in exploring the complex experience of role balance amongst working women with family responsibilities living in Perth, Australia. Methods: In meeting this aim, an evaluation was conducted of a case study design, where data ...
Liu Zhe Z Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, 110016, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
In China, local governments of many areas prefer to give priority to the development of heavy industrial clusters in pursuit of high value of gross domestic production (GDP) growth to get political achievements, which usually results in higher costs from ecological degradation and environmental pollution. Therefore, effective methods and reasonable ...
Wang Gao T GT Center for Statistical Genetics, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Currently there is great interest in detecting associations between complex traits and rare variants. In this report, we describe Variant Association Tools (VAT) and the VAT pipeline, which implements best practices for rare-variant association studies. Highlights of VAT include variant-site and call-level quality control (QC), summary statistics, phenotype- and genotype-based ...
Bava L L Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano, - - 2014
The intensification process of the livestock sector has been characterized in recent decades by increasing output of product per hectare, increasing stocking rate, including more concentrated feed in the diet, and improving the genetic merit of the breeds. In dairy farming, the effects of intensification on the environmental impact of ...
Chessa S S Institute of Agricultural Biology and Biotechnology, National Research Council (CNR), via Einstein, 26900 Lodi, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milk coagulation is based on a series of physicochemical changes at the casein micelle level, resulting in formation of a gel. Milk coagulation properties (MCP) are relevant for cheese quality and yield, important factors for the dairy industry. They are also evaluated in herd bulk milk to reward or penalize ...
Zhou L L Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, DK-8830 Tjele, - - 2014
The main aim of this study was to compare accuracies of imputation and genomic predictions based on single and joint reference populations for Norwegian Red (NRF) and a composite breed (DFS) consisting of Danish Red, Finnish Ayrshire, and Swedish Red. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data for NRF consisted of ...
Agrillo Christian C Department of General Psychology, University of Padova. Electronic address: - - 2014
A large body of experimental evidence shows that animals as diverse as mammals, birds, and fish are capable of processing numerical information. Considerable differences have been reported in some cases among species and a wide debate currently surrounds the issue of whether all vertebrates share the same numerical systems or ...
Garmon Bibb Sandra C SC Graduate School of Nursing, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
This article reports the results of an evaluation of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) as a potential "index model" for the assessment of Total Force Fitness (TFF) in military personnel. The evaluation was conducted using descriptive categories developed by Firth and Smith for appraisal of potential TFF index ...
Law Jennifer J From the NASA Johnson Space Center (Dr Law, Ms Van Baalen, Dr Meyers, and Dr Alexander), Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering (Drs Foy and Wear), and MEI Technologies (Mrs Mason and Ms Mendez), Houston, - - 2014
Because of anecdotal reports of CO2-related symptoms onboard the International Space Station (ISS), the relationship between CO2 and in-flight headaches was analyzed. Headache reports and CO2 measurements were obtained, and arithmetic means and single-point maxima were determined for 24-hour and 7-day periods. Multiple imputation addressed missing data, and logistic regression ...
Xu Hai-Yan HY Institute of High Performance Computing, - - 2014
Weather factors are widely studied for their effects on indicating dengue incidence trends. However, these studies have been limited due to the complex epidemiology of dengue, which involves dynamic interplay of multiple factors such as herd immunity within a population, distinct serotypes of the virus, environmental factors and intervention programs. ...
Dolan Conor V CV Department of Biological Psychology, FPP, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
We considered identification of phenotype (at occasion t) to environment (at occasion t + 1) transmission in longitudinal model comprising genetic, common and unique environmental simplex models (autoregressions). This type of transmission, which gives rise to genotype-environment covariance, is considered to be important in developmental psychology. Having established identifying constraints, we addressed ...
Briley Daniel A DA Department of Psychology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at - - 2014
Many achievement-relevant personality measures (APMs) have been developed, but the interrelations among APMs or associations with the broader personality landscape are not well-known. In Study 1, 214 participants were measured on 36 APMs and a measure of the Big Five. Factor analytic results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of ...
Fong Ted C T - - 2014
The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory is a measurement scale that assesses the degree of burnout in the personal, work, and client domains. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the inventory's Chinese version (CBI-C) in a sample of 312 human service workers in Hong Kong with ...
Garza Miroslava M Department of Biology, The University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Chagas disease kills approximately 45 thousand people annually and affects 10 million people in Latin America and the southern United States. The parasite that causes the disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, can be transmitted by insects of the family Reduviidae, subfamily Triatominae. Any study that attempts to evaluate risk for Chagas disease ...
Barbosa Gerson Laurindo GL Superintendence for Control of Endemic Diseases, State Health Department, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Dengue fever is a major public health problem worldwide, caused by any of four virus (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4; Flaviviridae: Flavivirus), transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito. Reducing the levels of infestation by A. aegypti is one of the few current strategies to control dengue fever. Entomological indicators are used ...
Cator Lauren J - - 2014
A variety of studies have reported that malaria parasites alter the behaviour of mosquitoes. These behavioural alterations likely increase transmission because they reduce the risk of vector death during parasite development and increase biting after parasites become infectious. A mathematical model is used to investigate the potential impact of these ...
Lee Sang Mee SM Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, A460 Mayo Building MMC 303, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2014
In this paper, we study a parametric modeling approach to gene set enrichment analysis. Existing methods have largely relied on nonparametric approaches employing, e.g., categorization, permutation or resampling-based significance analysis methods. These methods have proven useful yet might not be powerful. By formulating the enrichment analysis into a model comparison ...
Seid Ahmed - - 2014
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected tropical disease strongly associated with poverty. Treatment is problematic and no vaccine is available. Ethiopia has seen new outbreaks in areas previously not known to be endemic, often with co-infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with rates reaching 5.6% of the cases. The ...
Ramis Rebeca - - 2014
Cluster detection has become an important part of the agenda of epidemiologists and public health authorities, the identification of high- and low-risk areas is fundamental in the definition of public health strategies and in the suggestion of potential risks factors. Currently, there are different cluster detection techniques available, the most ...
Chan Alan H S - - 2014
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and interactions of line length, line number, and line spacing on Chinese screen-based proofreading performance and amount of scrolling. Proofreading is an important process, and much of it is now done on screen. The Chinese language is increasingly important, ...
Kuuranne Tiia T Doping Control Laboratory, United Medix Laboratories Ltd., , Helsinki, - - 2014
In the fight against doping, steroid profiling is a powerful tool to detect drug misuse with endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids. To establish sensitive and reliable models, the factors influencing profiling should be recognised. We performed an extensive literature review of the multiple factors that could influence the quantitative levels and ...
Cantsilieris Stuart - - 2014
Intrachromosomal segmental duplications provide the substrate for non-allelic homologous recombination, facilitating extensive copy number variation in the human genome. Many multi-copy gene families are embedded within genomic regions with high levels of sequence identity (>95%) and therefore pose considerable analytical challenges. In some cases, the complexity involved in analyzing such ...
Dorneich Michael C - - 2014
Two studies were conducted to develop an understanding of factors that drive user expectations when navigating between discrete elements on a display via a limited degree-of-freedom cursor control device. For the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle spacecraft, a free-floating cursor with a graphical user interface (GUI) would require an unachievable level ...
Harvey-Samuel Tim T Department of Zoology, University of Oxford Oxford, UK ; Oxitec Ltd, Milton Park Oxford, - - 2014
Genetic control strategies offer great potential for the sustainable and effective control of insect pests. These strategies involve the field release of transgenic insects with the aim of introducing engineered alleles into wild populations, either permanently or transiently. Their efficacy can therefore be reduced if transgene-associated fitness costs reduce the ...
Mercer Laina L Department of Statistics, University of Washington, United - - 2014
Small area estimation (SAE) is an important endeavor in many fields and is used for resource allocation by both public health and government organizations. Often, complex surveys are carried out within areas, in which case it is common for the data to consist only of the response of interest and ...
Laundré John W - - 2014
Identifying factors that may be responsible for regulating the size of animal populations is a cornerstone in understanding population ecology. The main factors that are thought to influence population size are either resources (bottom-up), or predation (top-down), or interspecific competition (parallel). However, there are highly variable and often contradictory results ...
Fritschie Keith J - - 2014
A longstanding concept in community ecology is that closely related species compete more strongly than distant relatives. Ecologists have invoked this "limiting similarity hypothesis" to explain patterns in the structure and function of biological communities and to inform conservation, restoration, and invasive-species management. However, few studies have empirically tested the ...
Gohel M C MC Anand College of Pharmacy, Anand-388 001, - - 2014
The objective of present work was to construct nomogram for obtaining a value of similarity factor (f2) by employing the values of number of observations (n) and sum of squared difference of percentage drug dissolved between reference (R) and test (T) products . The steps for rearrangement of equation of ...
Beaulieu J J 1] Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, Québec, Québec, Canada [2] Canada Research Chair in Forest and Environmental Genomics and Institute for Systems and Integrative Biology, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Genomic selection (GS) is of interest in breeding because of its potential for predicting the genetic value of individuals and increasing genetic gains per unit of time. To date, very few studies have reported empirical results of GS potential in the context of large population sizes and long breeding cycles ...
Stevanovic D D Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, Belgrade, - - 2014
Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model ...
Gaymard Sandrine S a Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire (LPPL) , LUNAM Université, University of Angers , UPRES EA 4638, Maison des Sciences Humaines, 5 bis boulevard Lavoisier 49045 Angers cedex 01, - - 2014
The conditional script questionnaire (CSQ) makes possible to study the conditions under which drivers find it legitimate to transgress the Highway Code. In this paper, we propose to analyse conditional respect towards the pedestrian with a new methodology based on Bayesian networks (BN). This methodology is designed to give a ...
Davis Esther L EL School of Psychology and Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
Objective: Informal caregivers of palliative care patients play an essential role in the coordination of care for patients during their final phases of life. However, undertaking a caregiving role can have enduring psychological consequences for caregivers and interfere with functioning. Studies have investigated a variety of factors associated with individual ...
Lee Eunice Y EY Division of Environmental Health Science, School of Public Health, University of California, 50 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic-related noise is a growing public health concern in developing and developed countries due to increasing vehicle traffic. Epidemiological studies have reported associations between noise exposure and high blood pressure, increased risk of hypertension and heart disease, and stress induced by sleep disturbance and annoyance. These findings motivate the need ...
Merli M Giovanna MG Sanford School of Public Policy & Duke Global Health Institute, Duke Population Research Institute, Duke University, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708, USA; Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We explore the network coverage of a sample of female sex workers (FSWs) in China recruited through Respondent Drive Sampling (RDS) as part of an effort to evaluate the claim of RDS of population representation with empirical data. We take advantage of unique information on the social networks of FSWs ...
Zucoloto M L ML Departamento de Odontologia Social, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara, UNESP (Universidade Estadual Paulista), Araraquara, São Paulo, - - 2014
Objective: Evaluate the validity, reliability, and factorial invariance of the complete Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and its short version (OHIP-14). Methods: A total of 1,162 adults enrolled in the Faculty of Dentistry of Araraquara/UNESP participated in the study; 73.1% were women; and the mean age ...
Wang Jinliang J a School of Mathematics and Statistics , Southwest University , Chongqing 400715 , People's Republic of - - 2014
In this paper, we introduce a basic reproduction number for a multi-group SIR model with general relapse distribution and nonlinear incidence rate. We find that basic reproduction number plays the role of a key threshold in establishing the global dynamics of the model. By means of appropriate Lyapunov functionals, a ...
Wang Gao T GT Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Statistical methods have been developed to test for complex trait rare variant (RV) associations, in which variants are aggregated across a region, which is typically a gene. Power analysis and sample size estimation for sequence-based RV association studies are challenging due to the necessity to realistically model the underlying allelic ...
Salekin Randall T - - 2014
The Levenson, Kiehl, and Fitzpatrick (1995) Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) was introduced in the mid-1990s as a brief measure of psychopathy and has since gained considerable popularity. Despite its attractiveness as a brief psychopathy tool, the LSRP has received limited research regarding its factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity. ...
Bühler Joël - - 2014
An adequate assessment of depression has been of concern to many researchers over the last half-century. These efforts have brought forth a manifold of depression rating scales, of which the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is 1 of the most commonly used self-assessment scales. Since its revision, the item structure of ...
Humphries Choptiany John Michael JM Dalhousie University, Room 208, 5269 Morris Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2X4, - - 2014
Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been applied to various energy problems to incorporate a variety of qualitative and quantitative criteria, usually spanning environmental, social, engineering, and economic fields. MCDA and associated methods such as life-cycle assessments and cost-benefit analysis can also include risk analysis to address uncertainties in criteria estimates. ...
Walters Raymond K RK Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, - - 2014
Epistasis is a growing area of research in genome-wide studies, but the differences between alternative definitions of epistasis remain a source of confusion for many researchers. One problem is that models for epistasis are presented in a number of formats, some of which have difficult-to-interpret parameters. In addition, the relation ...
Roberts Donald R DR Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bouwman and coauthors present data and analyses of DDT and other halogenated pollutants in environmental samples and based on their data and analyses thereof, argue against the use of DDT for malaria control. Regrettably, the analyses, presentations, and interpretations of data presented by Bouwman and coauthors are biased and erroneous.
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