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Bentley R Alexander - - 2014
In a recent New York Times column (April 15, 2013), David Brooks discussed how the big-data agenda lacks a coherent framework of social theory – a deficiency that the Bentley, O'Brien, and Brock (henceforth BOB) model was meant to overcome. Or, stated less pretentiously, the model was meant as a ...
Dickson E D ED Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Health Physics, - - 2014
The human health and environmental effects following a postulated accidental release of radioactive material to the environment have been a public and regulatory concern since the early development of nuclear technology. These postulated releases have been researched extensively to better understand the potential risks for accident mitigation and emergency planning ...
Rahman Mohammad Shamsur MS Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science (BCA), University of Padova, Agripolis, Viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), - - 2014
Vibrio is a very diverse genus responsible for different human and animal diseases. The accurate identification of Vibrio at the species level is important to assess the risks related to public health and diseases of aquatic organisms. The ecology of Vibrio spp., together with their genetic background, represents an important ...
Rose Sherri - - 2014
In a recent issue of the Journal, VanderWeele and Vansteelandt (Am J Epidemiol. 2011;174(10):1197-1203) discussed an inverse probability weighting method for case-control studies that could be used to estimate an additive interaction effect, referred to as the "relative excess risk due to interaction." In this article, we reinforce the well-known ...
Vanderweele Tyler J - - 2014
In the accompanying commentary, Rose and van der Laan (Am J Epidemiol. 0000;000(00):000-000) criticize the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) measure, the use of additive interaction, and the weighting approach we developed to assess RERI with case-control data. In this commentary, we note some of the advantages of ...
Podlaski Rafał R Department of Nature Protection, Institute of Biology, Jan Kochanowski University, ul. Świętokrzyska 15, 25-406 Kielce, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years finite-mixture models have been employed to approximate and model empirical diameter at breast height (DBH) distributions. We used two-component mixtures of either the Weibull distribution or the gamma distribution for describing the DBH distributions of mixed-species, two-cohort forest stands, to analyse the relationships between the DBH components, ...
Mousavi Sayyed R SR Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran; School of Computer Science, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human haplotypes include essential information about SNPs, which in turn provide valuable information for such studies as finding relationships between some diseases and their potential genetic causes, e.g., for Genome Wide Association Studies. Due to expensiveness of directly determining haplotypes and recent progress in high throughput sequencing, there has been ...
Matiatos Ioannis I Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, University of Athens, Athens 15784, - - 2014
The present study involves an integration of the hydrogeological, hydrochemical and isotopic (both stable and radiogenic) data of the groundwater samples taken from aquifers occurring in the region of northeastern Peloponnesus. Special emphasis has been given to health-related ions and isotopes in relation to the WHO and USEPA guidelines, to ...
Kunkel Adrianne A a Department of Communication Studies , University of Kansas , Lawrence , Kansas , - - 2014
A typology of meaning reconstruction in grief-related discourse is offered as an extension to extant approaches to meaning making as a factor in relieving distress. Sensemaking, acceptance or resignation without understanding, realization of benefits via positive reappraisal, and realignment of roles and relationships are advanced as the 4 types of ...
Leroux Damien D Unité de Mathématique et Informatique Appliquées de Toulouse, INRA, UR875, Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326, Castanet-Tolosan, France, - - 2014
We enhance power and accuracy of QTL mapping in multiple related families, by clustering the founders of the families on their local genomic similarity. MCQTL is a linkage mapping software application that allows the joint QTL mapping of multiple related families. In its current implementation, QTLs are modeled with one ...
Neale Michael C MC Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980126, Richmond, VA, 23298-0126, USA, - - 2014
The aim of this article is to laud Lindon Eaves' role in the development of mixture modeling in genetic studies. The specification of models for mixture distributions was very much in its infancy when Professor Eaves implemented it in his own FORTRAN programs, and extended it to data collected from ...
Betancourt Theresa S TS Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
This study aimed to refine a dimensional scale for measuring psychosocial adjustment in African youth using item response theory (IRT). A 60-item scale derived from qualitative data was administered to 667 war-affected adolescents (55% female). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) determined the dimensionality of items based on goodness-of-fit indices. Items with ...
Cousineau Denis D École de psychologie, Université d'Ottawa, 136 Jean-Jacques Lussier, K1N 6N5, Ottawa, Canada, - - 2014
The problem of calculating error bars in within-subject designs has proven to be a difficult problem and has received much attention in recent years. Baguley (Behavior Research Methods, 44, 158-175, 2012) recommended what he called the Cousineau-Morey method. This method requires two steps: first, centering the data set in a ...
Blavin Fredric F The Urban Institute's Health Policy Center, Urban Institute, Washington, - - 2014
To estimate the impact of Express Lane Eligible (ELE) implementation on Medicaid/CHIP enrollment in eight states. 2007 to 2011 data from the Statistical Enrollment Data System (SEDS) on Medicaid/CHIP enrollment. We estimate difference-in-difference equations, with quarter and state fixed effects. The key independent variable is an indicator for whether the ...
Göbel Silke M SM 1Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
In this article, we present the results of an 11-month longitudinal study (beginning when children were 6 years old) focusing on measures of the approximate number sense (ANS) and knowledge of the Arabic numeral system as possible influences on the development of arithmetic skills. Multiple measures of symbolic and nonsymbolic ...
Carswell Peter P School of Population Health, University of Auckland, , Auckland, New - - 2014
Clinical networks have been designed as a cross-organisational mechanism to plan and deliver health services. With recent concerns about the effectiveness of these structures, it is timely to consider an evidence-informed approach for how they can be developed and evaluated. To document an evaluation framework for clinical networks by drawing ...
Reboiro-Jato Miguel - - 2014
The diagnosis and prognosis of several diseases can be shortened through the use of different large-scale genome experiments. In this context, microarrays can generate expression data for a huge set of genes. However, to obtain solid statistical evidence from the resulting data, it is necessary to train and to validate ...
Ito K K Animal Welfare Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Novus International Inc., St. Charles, MO - - 2014
Our objective was to investigate the associations between herd-level factors and lying behavior of high-producing dairy cows housed in freestall barns. Lying behavior of approximately 40 focal cows in one high-producing pen was monitored on each of 40 farms in the northeastern United States (NE) and 39 farms in California ...
Ray Priyadip P G.S.Sanyal School of Telecommunications, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur,721302, - - 2014
A nonparametric Bayesian factor model is proposed for joint analysis of multi-platform genomics data. The approach is based on factorizing the latent space (feature space) into a shared component and a data specific component with the dimensionality of these components (spaces) inferred via a beta-Bernoulli process. The proposed approach is ...
Raimundo Rafael L G RL Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, Travessa 14, no. 321, 05508-900 Sao Paulo SP, - - 2014
Abstract Adaptive speciation can occur when a population undergoes assortative mating and disruptive selection caused by frequency-dependent intraspecific competition. However, other interactions, such as mutualisms based on trait matching, may generate conflicting selective pressures that constrain species diversification. We used individual-based simulations to explore how different types of mutualism affect ...
Wu Qi Q Key Lab of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, - - 2014
One of the main topics in population genetics is identification of adaptive selection among populations. For this purpose, population history should be correctly inferred to evaluate the effect of random drift and exclude it in selection identification. With the rapid progress in genomics in the past decade, vast genome-scale variations ...
Goldhaber-Fiebert Jeremy D JD Stanford Health Policy, Centers for Health Policy and Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA - - 2014
Risk factors increase the incidence and severity of chronic disease. To examine future trends and develop policies addressing chronic diseases, it is important to capture the relationship between exposure and disease development, which is challenging given limited data. To develop parsimonious risk factor models embeddable in chronic disease models, which ...
Hanewinkel Marc M Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Research Unit Forest Resources and Management, Zuercherstr. 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paper deals with the management problem how to decide on tree species suitability under changing environmental conditions. It presents an algorithm that classifies the output of a range shift model for major tree species in Europe into multiple classes that can be linked to qualities characterizing the ecological niche ...
Broberg Thomas T Chalmers University of Technology, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety, Göteborg, Sweden; Volvo Car Corporation, R&D, Volvo Cars Safety Centre, Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To further understand the needs of the growing population of elderly drivers and create solutions for safe mobility it is important to understand the driving scenarios and aspects in day to day traffic that may be of challenge for this group. More so, individual differences in how drivers perceive their ...
Velie B D BD University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Different indicators of racing performance are commonly used in the racing industry to assess the genetic superiority of racing Thoroughbreds. However, how well these indicators predict the performances of future progeny or siblings varies depending on the population and circumstances in which the indicators were recorded or achieved. To identify ...
Wang Rong R Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, and Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, - - 2014
Black carbon (BC) is increasingly recognized as a significant air pollutant with harmful effects on human health, either in its own right or as a carrier of other chemicals. The adverse impact is of particular concern in those developing regions with high emissions and a growing population density. The results ...
Vasconcelos Vítor V VV Applications of Theoretical Physics Group, Centro de Matemática e Aplicações Fundamentais, Instituto para a Investigação Interdisciplinar, P-1649-003 Lisbon Codex, - - 2014
Taming the planet's climate requires cooperation. Previous failures to reach consensus in climate summits have been attributed, among other factors, to conflicting policies between rich and poor countries, which disagree on the implementation of mitigation measures. Here we implement wealth inequality in a threshold public goods dilemma of cooperation in ...
Heavner Karyn K Drexel University School of Public Health, , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The Early Autism Risk Longitudinal Investigation (EARLI), an ongoing study of a risk-enriched pregnancy cohort, examines genetic and environmental risk factors for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We simulated the potential effects of both measurement error (ME) in exposures and misclassification of ASD-related phenotype (assessed as Autism Observation Scale for Infants ...
Georgopoulos Panos G PG Rutgers University, Environmental & Occupational Health Science Institute (EOHSI), Piscataway, NJ, - - 2014
A challenge for large-scale environmental health investigations such as the National Children's Study (NCS), and similar large-scale environmental health investigations, is characterizing exposures to multiple, co-occurring chemical agents with varying spatiotemporal concentrations and consequences modulated by biochemical, physiological, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental factors. Such investigations can benefit from systematic retrieval, ...
Urbán Róbert R Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Izabella utca 46, Budapest 1064, - - 2014
The Derogatis symptom checklist (SCL-90-R) and its short version, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), are widely used instruments, despite the fact that their factor structures were not clearly confirmed. The goals of this research were to compare four measurement models of these instruments including one-factor, nine-factor, a second-ordered factor model ...
Leem Sangseob S Department of Information and Computer Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are many algorithms for detecting epistatic interactions in GWAS. However, most of these algorithms are applicable only for detecting two-locus interactions. Some algorithms are designed to detect only two-locus interactions from the beginning. Others do not have limits to the order of interactions, but in practice take very long ...
Szostek K Lesley KL Institute of Avian Research "Vogelwarte Helgoland", An der Vogelwarte 21, D-26386, Wilhelmshaven, - - 2014
1.Immigration is a major demographic factor shaping population dynamics. However, due to methodological difficulties, the extent of immigration and factors affecting immigration are insufficiently studied. This is also true for seabird colonies. 2.We estimated annual immigration based on a long-term study of a colony of common terns Sterna hirundo marked ...
Listwan Shelley Johnson - - 2014
Victimization research suggests that individuals who either witness or are direct victims of violence are substantially more likely to experience long-term negative outcomes. Although recent studies identifying factors associated with prison victimization are emerging, the risk factors predicting inmate's experience of multiple types of victimization, called poly-victimization, remain unknown. Utilizing ...
Lourenco D A L DA Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, Athens 30602. Electronic address: - - 2014
Methods for genomic prediction were evaluated for an Israeli Holstein dairy population of 713,686 cows and 1,305 progeny-tested bulls with genotypes. Inclusion of genotypes of 343 elite cows in an evaluation method that considers pedigree, phenotypes, and genotypes simultaneously was also evaluated. Two data sets were available: a complete data ...
Merecz Dorota D Department of Occupational Psychology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland, - - 2014
The aim of the presented research was to explore the links between complementary and supplementary dimensions of Person-Organization fit (P-O fit), organizational identification (OI) and negative (WHI(-)) versus positive (WHI(+)) work-home interactions. It was assumed that both complementary and supplementary P-O fit and OI were positively related to WHI(+) and ...
Kuk Anthony Yc AY Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
There is much recent interest in finding rare genetic variants associated with various diseases. Owing to the scarcity of rare mutations, single-variant analyses often lack power. To enable pooling of information across variants, we use a random effect formulation within a retrospective modeling framework that respects the retrospective data collecting ...
Mukherjee S S Social Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of York, York, - - 2014
Working in paediatric oncology can be stressful, and staff may need support if they are to avoid burnout, but there is currently no evidence base to guide the development of interventions. As a significant barrier to addressing this gap is a lack of context specific research instruments, a project was ...
Kuo Shih-Ya - - 2014
This study examined burglary victimization in Taiwan with an application of the structure-choice model that included four theoretical dimensions: proximity to crime, exposure to crime, target attractiveness, and guardianship. Drawing on the 2000 Taiwan Areas Criminal Victimization Survey, the results of the current study showed a moderate effect of the ...
Lopez-Osorio Federico F Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Room 120A Marsh Life Science Building, 109 Carrigan Drive, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eusociality has arisen repeatedly and independently in the history of insects, often leading to evolutionary success and ecological dominance. Eusocial wasps of the genera Vespula and Dolichovespula, or yellowjackets, have developed advanced social traits in a relatively small number of species. The origin of traits such as effective paternity and ...
Goldberg Julia J Department of Morphology, Systematics and Evolutionary Biology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology & Anthropology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
New Zealand biodiversity has often been viewed as Gondwanan in origin and age, but it is increasingly apparent from molecular studies that diversification, and in many cases origination of lineages, postdate the break-up of Gondwanaland. Relatively few studies of New Zealand animal species radiations have as yet been reported, and ...
Alumran Arwa - - 2014
The overuse of antibiotics is becoming an increasing concern. Antibiotic resistance, which increases both the burden of disease, and the cost of health services, is perhaps the most profound impact of antibiotics overuse. Attempts have been made to develop instruments to measure the psychosocial constructs underlying antibiotics use, however, none ...
McCain Christy M CM Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology and CU Museum of Natural History, University of Colorado, 265 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, - - 2014
Model predictions of extinction risks from anthropogenic climate change are dire, but still overly simplistic. To reliably predict at-risk species we need to know which species are currently responding, which are not, and what traits are mediating the responses. For mammals, we have yet to identify overarching physiological, behavioral, or ...
Modick Hendrik H H Modick, Center of Toxicology, Insitute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Institute of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (IPA), Bochum, - - 2014
N-acetyl-4-aminophenol (acetaminophen/paracetamol) is one of the most commonly used over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic drugs. Recent studies report anti-androgenic effects of N-acetyl-4-aminophenol in vitro and possible associations between intrauterine exposure to N-acetyl-4-aminophenol and the development of male reproductive disorders in humans.N-acetyl-4-aminophenol is also a major metabolite of aniline (phenylamine), representing 75-86% ...
Lawal Olanrewaju O Centre for Applied Science, City and Islington College, London, - - 2014
The continuous flow of resources through the economy is the origin of most of the environmental problems evident today. These problems are directly related to production and introduction of wastes and pollutants into the natural environment. The study investigated the relationship between household waste and geodemographic grouping (GDG) at the ...
Vleeschouwer Marloes M Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The psychometric properties of an online test are not necessarily identical to its paper and pencil original. The aim of this study is to test whether the factor structure of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) is measurement invariant with respect to online vs. paper and pencil assessment. The ...
Mughini-Gras Lapo L Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe), Legnaro, Padua, - - 2014
Italy has experienced recurrent incursions of H5N2 avian influenza (AI) viruses in different geographical areas and varying sectors of the domestic poultry industry. Considering outbreak heterogeneity rather than treating all outbreaks of low pathogenicity AI (LPAI) viruses equally is important given their interactions with the environment and potential to spread, ...
Yu Ruifeng R Department of Industrial Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
Slips and falls contribute to occupational injuries and fatalities globally. Both floor slipperiness and floor roughness affect the occurrence of slipping and falling. Investigations on fall-related phenomena are important for the safety and health of workers. The purposes of this study were to: compare the perceived floor slipperiness before and ...
Kim Su Kang SK 1 Kohwang Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University , Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Interleukin 18 (interferon gamma-inducing factor) (IL18) is an important proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL1 family. This study investigated whether IL18 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with the susceptibility to alopecia areata (AA) in a Korean population. Two hundred thirty-three AA patients and 243 healthy control subjects were recruited. ...
Stochl Jan J Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; Cameo Early Intervention Services, Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, - - 2014
Clinical assessments of the presence and severity of psychopathology are often collected by health care professionals in mental health services or clinical researchers trained to use semi-structured interviews. Clustering by interviewer or rater needs to be considered when performing psychometric analyses such as factor analysis or item response modelling as ...
Knape Jonas J Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, U.S.A.; Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, - - 2014
Many processes in nature can be viewed as arising from subjects progressing through sequential stages and may be described by multistage models. Examples include disease development and the physiological development of plants and animals. We develop a multistage model for sampling designs where a small set of subjects is followed ...
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