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Dodd Lori E LE Biostatistics Research Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-USA - - 2014
Identification of host or pathogen factors linked to clinical outcome is a common goal in many animal studies of infectious diseases. When the disease is fatal, statistical analysis of such factors may be biased from missing observations due to deaths. For example, when a subject's observations are censored before completing ...
Yuan Changrong C Author Affiliations: School of Nursing, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China (Dr Yuan); Orthopedics Department, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, China (Ms Qian); Department of Nursing Research and Quality Outcomes and the Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, School of Medicine, the George Washington University, Washington, DC (Drs Wang and Hinds); College of Nursing, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey (Dr Lev); and Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts (Ms - - 2014
The Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH) is an instrument used to measure self-reported self-efficacy in patient populations. Self-efficacy has a major impact on quality of life and psychological well-being. Previous findings of dimensionality of the SUPPH vary, and cultural differences exist suggesting the need for further investigation ...
Verdonck Frederik A M FA ARCHE, Stapelplein 70 box 104, B-9000 Gent, - - 2014
The assessment of environmental exposure and risks associated with the production or use of a substance on an industrial site includes the estimation of the releases to the environment. In absence of measured release data on the specific substance, a risk assessor would rely on default release factors to the ...
Feidas Haralambos H Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, - - 2014
Maximum entropy ecological niche modeling was utilized to describe the global geographic distribution of Trichinella species and genotypes and to assess their invasive risk in new areas other than the ones currently known. Also, space-time scan statistic was utilized to identify global spatiotemporal clusters of infection. A database containing 3209 ...
Eichner Johannes J Center for Bioinformatics Tuebingen (ZBIT), University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today, web-based data analysis pipelines exist for a wide variety of microarray platforms, such as ordinary gene-centered arrays, exon arrays and SNP arrays. However, most of the available software tools provide only limited support for reverse-phase protein arrays (RPPA), as relevant inherent properties of the corresponding datasets are not taken ...
Zhu Peican P Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada - - 2014
Abstract Logical models have widely been used to gain insights into the biological behavior of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). Most logical models assume a synchronous update of the genes' states in a GRN. However, this may not be appropriate, because each gene may require a different period of time for ...
Zheng Lingling - - 2014
Abstract Pathway analysis has become a central approach to understanding the underlying biology of differentially expressed genes. As large amounts of microarray data have been accumulated in public repositories, flexible methodologies are needed to extend the analysis of simple case-control studies in order to place them in context with the ...
Shahdah Usama U Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crash modification factors (CMFs) for road safety treatments are usually obtained through observational models based on reported crashes. Observational Bayesian before-and-after methods have been applied to obtain more precise estimates of CMFs by accounting for the regression-to-the-mean bias inherent in naive methods. However, sufficient crash data reported over an extended ...
Wang Hongxing - - 2014
Much existing work of multifeature learning relies on the agreement among different feature types to improve the clustering or classification performance. However, as different feature types could have different data characteristics, such a forced agreement among different feature types may not bring a satisfactory result. We propose a novel transductive ...
Chen Gang G Scientific and Statistical Computing Core, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
All neuroimaging packages can handle group analysis with t-tests or general linear modeling (GLM). However, they are quite hamstrung when there are multiple within-subject factors or when quantitative covariates are involved in the presence of a within-subject factor. In addition, sphericity is typically assumed for the variance-covariance structure when there ...
Sargolzaei Mehdi - - 2014
Genotype imputation can help reduce genotyping costs particularly for implementation of genomic selection. In applications entailing large populations, recovering the genotypes of untyped loci using information from reference individuals that were genotyped with a higher density panel is computationally challenging. Popular imputation methods are based upon the Hidden Markov model ...
Guerra Diogo D Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich,Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH-8057 - - 2014
SUMMARY The known range of the zoonotic fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis has expanded since the 1990s, and today this parasite is recorded in higher abundances throughout large parts of Europe. This phenomenon is mostly attributed to the increasing European fox populations and their invasion of urban habitats. However, these factors ...
Maples Jessica L - - 2014
There has been a substantial increase in the use of personality assessment measures constructed using items from the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) such as the 300-item IPIP-NEO (Goldberg, 1999), a representation of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992). The IPIP-NEO is free to use ...
Ramseyer Fabian - - 2014
Objective: Processes occurring in the course of psychotherapy are characterized by the simple fact that they unfold in time and that the multiple factors engaged in change processes vary highly between individuals (idiographic phenomena). Previous research, however, has neglected the temporal perspective by its traditional focus on static phenomena, which ...
Jang Jooyoung - - 2014
What are the advantages and disadvantages of spatially stacked (i.e., when information sources are presented side-by-side) versus distributed (i.e., when information sources are sitting on top of one another with only the top source fully visible) organizations of information? We introduce a new theoretical decomposition of these advantages and disadvantages ...
Bresin Konrad - - 2014
Studies on the relation between psychopathy and cognitive functioning often show mixed results, partially because different factors of psychopathy have not been considered fully. Based on previous research, we predicted divergent results based on a 2-factor model of psychopathy (interpersonal-affective traits and impulsive-antisocial traits). Specifically, we predicted that the unique ...
Kumar Paulraj Ranjith PR Department of Electronics and Communication, PSR Engineering College, Sivakasi, - - 2014
Coronary artery disease due to atherosclerosis is an epidemic in India. An estimated 1.3 million Indians died from this in 2000. The projected death from coronary artery disease by 2016 is 2.98 million. To build an effective model which assorts the individuals, whether they belong to the normal group, risk ...
Hu Liya L Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
The validation of McGill quality-of-life questionnaire (MQOLQ) in mainland China, which had already been used in multicultural palliative care background including Hong Kong and Taiwan, remained unknown. Eligible patients completed the translated Chinese version of McGill questionnaires (MQOL-C), which had been examined before the study. Construct validity was preliminarily assessed ...
Meliá José L JL University of Valencia, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Methodology, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21. - 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel.: +34 96 386 4548; Fax: +34 96 386 4697; E-mail: - - 2014
The construction industry is one of the sectors with the highest accident rates and the most serious accidents. A multi-agent safety response approach allows a useful diagnostic tool in order to understand factors affecting risk and accidents. The special features of the construction sector can influence the relationships among safety ...
Cavallo Eugenio E Institute for Agricultural and Earth Moving Machines (IMAMOTER), Italian National Research Council (CNR), Torino, - - 2014
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are unstable on steep and rough terrain, and thus, rollover is the most common accident which can result in a high rate of fatal outcome, with higher rates for young and male drivers. This paper investigates the ability of rural Pennsylvania ATV drivers to correctly evaluate slopes, ...
King-Kallimanis Bellinda L BL Department of Medical Gerontology, Trinity College Dublin, Lincoln Gate, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We explored the measurement properties of frailty with the goal of optimizing frailty assessment according to phenotype definition of Fried and comparing measurement properties across countries. Data are from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (n = 27,938), a population-based study of community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years. Frailty was ...
Hung Chih-Ming CM Department of Life Science - - 2014
To assess the role of human disturbances in species' extinction requires an understanding of the species population history before human impact. The passenger pigeon was once the most abundant bird in the world, with a population size estimated at 3-5 billion in the 1800s; its abrupt extinction in 1914 raises ...
Kramer Michael M Department of Medicine and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2014
While the manually curated Gene Ontology (GO) is widely used, inferring a GO directly from -omics data is a compelling new problem. Recognizing that ontologies are a directed acyclic graph (DAG) of terms and hierarchical relations, algorithms are needed that: analyze a full matrix of gene-gene pairwise similarities from -omics ...
Verbyla Arūnas P AP Computational Informatics and Food Futures National Research Flagship, CSIRO, Atherton, QLD 4883, Australia, - - 2014
An efficient whole genome method of QTL analysis is presented for Multi-parent advanced generation integrated crosses. Multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations have been developed for mice and several plant species and are useful for the genetic dissection of complex traits. The analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL) in these ...
Rusch Hannes H Behavioral and Institutional Economics, JLU Giessen, Licher Strasse 66, 35394, Giessen, Germany, - - 2014
Building on and partially refining previous theoretical work, this paper presents an extended simulation model of ancestral warfare. This model (1) disentangles attack and defense, (2) tries to differentiate more strictly between selfish and altruistic efforts during war, (3) incorporates risk aversion and deterrence, and (4) pays special attention to ...
Albieri Vanna - - 2014
Abstract There has been much recent interest in systems biology for investigating the structure of gene regulatory systems. Such networks are often formed of specific patterns, or network motifs, that are interesting from a biological point of view. Our aim in the present paper is to compare statistical methods specifically ...
Li Chaocan C State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, - - 2014
Twenty-nine sediment samples were collected from Lake Chaohu, a shallow eutrophic lake in Eastern China, and were analyzed for 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to determine the spatial distribution and exposure risks of PAHs. Three receptor models, the principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) model, the positive matrix factorization ...
De Brún Aoife A a HRB Centre for Health & Diet Research , University College Cork and University College - - 2014
This study examined the Irish media discourse on obesity by employing the Common Sense Model of Illness Representations. A media sample of 368 transcripts was compiled from newspaper articles (n = 346), radio discussions (n = 5), and online news articles (n = 17) on overweight and obesity from the ...
Schrago Carlos G CG Departamento de Genética, CCS, A2-092, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, SN, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP: 21941-617, Brazil, - - 2014
Reliable estimates of ancestral effective population sizes are necessary to unveil the population-level phenomena that shaped the phylogeny and molecular evolution of the African great apes. Although several methods have previously been applied to infer ancestral effective population sizes, an analysis of the influence of the selective regime on the ...
Wang He H Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Models based on the amorphous track structure approximation have been successful in predicting the biological effects of heavy charged particles. Development of such models remains an active area of research that includes applications to hadrontherapy. In such models, the radial distribution of the dose deposited by delta electrons and directly ...
Zhang Jinwu J University of Macau, China - - 2014
The Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) is an instrument used world-wide for offender risk/need assessment, and the predominant samples for the LSI-R literature were Caucasian participants. This study is the first attempt to examine the reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the LSI-R with 305 probationers (269 males, ...
Shin Hyeong-Moo HM Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Information about the distribution of chemical-production mass with respect to use and release is a major and unavailable input for calculating population-scale exposure estimates. Based on exposure models and biomonitoring data, this study evaluates the distribution of total production volumes (and environmental releases if applicable) for a suite of organic ...
Varghese Merilyn M Merilyn Varghese and Christine Sheffer are with the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City College of New York, New York, NY. Maxine Stitzer is with Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Reid Landes is with the Department of Biostatistics, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. S. Laney Brackman and Tiffany Munn are with the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical - - 2014
Objectives. We examined socioeconomic disparities in tobacco dependence treatment outcomes from a free, proactive telephone counseling quitline. Methods. We delivered cognitive-behavioral treatment and nicotine patches to 6626 smokers and examined socioeconomic differences in demographic, clinical, environmental, and treatment use factors. We used logistic regressions and generalized estimating equations (GEE) to ...
Patel Chirag J CJ Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies evaluate multiple exposures, but the extent of multiplicity often remains non-transparent when results are reported. There is extensive debate in the literature on whether multiplicity should be adjusted for in the design, analysis, and reporting of most epidemiological studies, and, if so, how this should be done. The ...
Minică Camelia C CC Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Given the availability of genotype and phenotype data collected in family members, the question arises which estimator ensures the most optimal use of such data in genome-wide scans. Using simulations, we compared the Unweighted Least Squares (ULS) and Maximum Likelihood (ML) procedures. The former is implemented in Plink and uses ...
Bongoni R R Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the - - 2014
Preferences for sensory properties (e.g. taste and texture) are assumed to control cooking behaviour with respect to vegetables. Conditions such as the cooking method, amount of water used and the time-temperature profile determine the nutritional quality (e.g. vitamins and phytochemicals) of cooked vegetables. Information on domestic processing and any underlying ...
Trucchi Emiliano E Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066, Blindern, Oslo 0316, Norway - - 2014
How natural climate cycles, such as past glacial/interglacial patterns, have shaped species distributions at the high-latitude regions of the Southern Hemisphere is still largely unclear. Here, we show how the post-glacial warming following the Last Glacial Maximum (ca 18 000 years ago), allowed the (re)colonization of the fragmented sub-Antarctic habitat ...
Rajeswaran Jeevanantham J Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, USA - - 2014
In medical sciences, we often encounter longitudinal temporal relationships that are non-linear in nature. The influence of risk factors may also change across longitudinal follow-up. A system of multiphase non-linear mixed effects model is presented to model temporal patterns of longitudinal continuous measurements, with temporal decomposition to identify the phases ...
Cheong Yoon Ling YL Geography Department, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany; Medical Research Resource Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The transmission of dengue disease is influenced by complex interactions among vector, host and virus. Land use such as water bodies or certain agricultural practices have been identified as likely risk factors for dengue because of the provision of suitable habitats for the vector. Many studies have focused on the ...
Paloma Virginia V Department of Social Psychology, College of Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Camilo José Cela, s/n, 41018, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
The decision to migrate is normally based on expectations of improving one's actual living conditions and therefore, one's well-being. However, these expectations are not usually met in receiving contexts that relegate newcomers to lower power positions. From a liberating community psychology approach, this study aims to develop a predictive model ...
Roux C C Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France; CNRS-UMR5554 Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Station Méditerranéenne de l'Environnement Littoral, Sète, France; Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
The use of molecular data to reconstruct the history of divergence and gene flow between populations of closely related taxa represents a challenging problem. It has been proposed that the long-standing debate about the geography of speciation can be resolved by comparing the likelihoods of a model of isolation with ...
de Visser J Arjan G M JA Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708PB Wageningen, The - - 2014
The genotype-fitness map (that is, the fitness landscape) is a key determinant of evolution, yet it has mostly been used as a superficial metaphor because we know little about its structure. This is now changing, as real fitness landscapes are being analysed by constructing genotypes with all possible combinations of ...
Stallinga Hillegonda A HA Wenckebach Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study explores, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, the consequences of different operationalizations of participation in regression models predicting participation in one sample of patients. Cross-sectional, comparative study. Department of Neurology of a University Hospital. A total of 677 patients with a Neuromuscular Disease. Participation ...
Ngueta Gerard G Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Estimation of relative contribution of Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) on health outcomes requires a regression model that includes both obesity metrics. But, multicollinearity could yield biased estimates. To address the multicollinearity issue between BMI and WC, we used the residual model approach. The standard WC (Y-axis) ...
Li Shaoyu - - 2014
Maternal-fetal genotype incompatibility (MFGI) is increasingly reported to influence human diseases, especially pregnancy-related complications. In practice, it is challenging to identify the ideal incompatibility model for analysis, since the true MFGI mechanism is generally unknown. The underlying MFGI mechanism for different genetic variants can vary, and to use a single ...
Ha Neung Soo NS Statistics and Applied Mathematics Sciences Institute, Durham, NC 27709, - - 2014
The National Health Interview Survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is designed to provide reliable design-based estimates for a wide range of health-related variables for national and four major geographical regions of the USA. However, state-level or substate-level estimates are likely to be unreliable because they are ...
Thorsen Cecilia C University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University West, Trollhättan, - - 2014
Cattell's Gf-Gc distinction is quite generally recognized. However, the developmental part of the Gf-Gc theory of intelligence has not gained the same recognition. Results are inconsistent, but recent discussions emphasize the importance of homogeneity of samples with regard to education and language when investigating the developmental Investment theory. The aim ...
Meraï A A 1Animal Science Unit,National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia,University of - - 2014
This work aimed to study the sources of variation in productive and reproductive traits of the dairy Sicilo-Sarde ewes and to further investigate the interaction between both classes of traits. After edits, a database containing 5935 lactation records collected during 6 successive years in eight dairy flocks in the North ...
John M T MT Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Previous exploratory analyses suggest that the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) consists of four correlated dimensions and that individual differences in OHIP total scores reflect an underlying higher-order factor. The aim of this report is to corroborate these findings in the Dimensions of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (DOQ) Project, ...
Kar Narayani Prasad - - 2014
Malaria continues to be a major health problem in more than 100 endemic countries located primarily in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. Malaria transmission is a dynamic process and involves many interlinked factors, from uncontrollable natural environmental conditions to man-made disturbances to nature. Almost half of the population ...
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