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Results 301 - 350 of 6445
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Kim Hyun-Duck HD Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Aim: This study aims to evaluate and validate a periodontitis screening model that includes socio-demographic, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and molecular information including gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and blood cytokines. Materials and Methods: We selected 506 participants from the Shiwa-Banwol Cohort: 322 participants from the 2005 cohort for ...
Durband Arthur C AC Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; Department of Anthropology, Science Centre, South Australian Museum, Adelaide, Australia; Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, - - 2014
The crania from Kow Swamp and Cohuna have been important for a number of debates in Australian paleoanthropology. These crania typically have long, flat foreheads that many workers have cited as evidence of genetic continuity with archaic Indonesian populations, particularly the Ngandong sample. Other scientists have alleged that at least ...
Peters Cheryl E CE School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada CAREX Canada, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
To estimate the numbers of workers exposed to known and suspected occupational carcinogens in Canada, building on the methods of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) projects in the European Union (EU). CAREX Canada consists of estimates of the prevalence and level of exposure to occupational carcinogens. CAREX Canada includes occupational agents evaluated ...
Pouillot Régis R - - 2014
Evaluations of Listeria monocytogenes dose-response relationships are crucially important for risk assessment and risk management, but are complicated by considerable variability across population subgroups and L. monocytogenes strains. Despite difficulties associated with the collection of adequate data from outbreak investigations or sporadic cases, the limitations of currently available animal models, ...
Tavassoli Hojati Ahmad A School of Civil Engineering, The University of Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic incidents are key contributors to non-recurrent congestion, potentially generating significant delay. Factors that influence the duration of incidents are important to understand so that effective mitigation strategies can be implemented. To identify and quantify the effects of influential factors, a methodology for studying total incident duration based on historical ...
Connor Kevin K ARCADIS U.S., Inc., One Executive Drive, Suite 303, Chelmsford, MA 01824, - - 2014
This paper presents a risk assessment of exposure to metal residues in laundered shop towels by workers. The concentrations of 27 metals measured in a synthetic sweat leachate were used to estimate the releasable quantity of metals which could be transferred to workers' skin. Worker exposure was evaluated quantitatively with ...
Earl Julia E JE National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA, - - 2014
Amphibian declines and extinction have been attributed to many causes, including disease such as chytridiomycosis. Other pathogens may also contribute to declines, with ranavirus as the most likely candidate given reoccurring die-offs observed in the wild. We were interested in whether it is possible for ranavirus to cause extinction of ...
Foster Charles C The Ethox Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
We examine the likely reception in the courtroom of the 'joint account' model of genetic confidentiality. We conclude that the model, as modified by Gilbar and others, is workable and reflects, better than more conventional legal approaches, both the biological and psychological realities and the obligations owed under Articles 8 ...
Leaché Adam D AD Department of Biology & Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1800, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Africa is renowned for its biodiversity and endemicity, yet little is known about the factors shaping them across the continent. African Agama lizards (45 species) have a pan-continental distribution, making them an ideal model for investigating biogeography. Many species have evolved conspicuous sexually dimorphic traits, including extravagant breeding coloration in ...
Hof Michel H - - 2014
In population-based observational studies, non-participation and delayed response to the invitation toparticipate are complications that often arise during the recruitment of a sample. When both are notproperly dealt with, the composition of the sample can be different from the desired composition.Inviting too many individuals or too few individuals from a ...
Mitrophanov Alexander Y AY DoD Biotechnology High Performance Computing Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, ATTN: MCMR-TT, 504 Scott Street, Ft. Detrick, MD 21702, USA. alex@bhsai.org - - 2014
Current mechanistic knowledge of protein interactions driving blood coagulation has come largely from experiments with simple synthetic systems, which only partially represent the molecular composition of human blood plasma. Here, we investigate the ability of the suggested molecular mechanisms to account for fibrin generation and degradation kinetics in diverse, physiologically ...
Harding Richard R Department of Palliative Care, Policy & Rehabilitation, King's College London, Cicely Saunders Institute, Bessemer Road, London, SE5 9PJ, UK, - - 2014
Palliative care-related problems have not been measured in Africa in line with the WHO definition. This study aimed to measure the three-day period intensity of multidimensional problems (physical, psychological, social, and spiritual) among advanced cancer patients in Kenya and Uganda. Adults with advanced malignant disease gave self-report data to the ...
Weintraub Sandra S 1Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center;Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology,Northwestern Feinberg School of - - 2014
This study introduces a special series on validity studies of the Cognition Battery (CB) from the U.S. National Institutes of Health Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function (NIHTB) (Gershon, Wagster et al., 2013) in an adult sample. This first study in the series describes the sample, each ...
Aurbach Robert R Uncommon Approach, Inc, Albuquerque, AZ, - - 2014
It is well established that environmental factors can have impact upon an injured person's recovery and return-to-work outcomes. To date, there has been no cohesive model to provide theoretical understanding of the way in which these divergent factors combine to create disability behaviours. Development of a conceptual model for understanding ...
Silvetti Alessio A INAIL - Department of Occupational Medicine, Rome, - - 2014
There are few epidemiological data regarding musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in retail industry. Biomechanical risk assessment in ergonomics is commonly performed in retail sector using standardized protocols. However, such protocols have numerous limitations, such as the lack of objectivity or applicability and restrictive conditions. The aim of this study was to ...
Ertl Johann - - 2014
Estimates of dominance variance in dairy cattle based on pedigree data vary considerably across traits and amount to up to 50% of the total genetic variance for conformation traits and up to 43% for milk production traits. Using bovine SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) genotypes, dominance variance can be estimated both ...
Lin Hui-Wen - - 2014
Bias caused by missing or incomplete information on confounding factors constitutes an important challenge in observational studies. The incorporation of external data on more detailed confounding information into the main study data may help remove confounding bias. This work was motivated by a study of the association between chronic obstructive ...
Pejtersen Jan Hyld JH *The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark †Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), Berlin, Germany ‡National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark #Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The present review deals with the relationship between occupational psychosocial factors and the incidence of ischemic heart disease (IHD) with special regard to the statistical power of the findings. This review with 4 inclusion criteria is an update of a 2009 review of which the first three criteria were included ...
Shin Hwashin H HH Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, Kingston, - - 2014
Develop statistical methods for survival models to indirectly adjust hazard ratios of environmental exposures for missing risk factors. A partitioned regression approach for linear models is applied to time to event survival analyses of cohort study data. Information on the correlation between observed and missing risk factors is obtained from ...
Luciana Monica M Department of Psychology and Center for Neurobehavioral Development, University of Minnesota, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Within this special issue, Ernst has provided a comprehensive overview of the triadic neural systems model and its explanatory power for the conceptualization of adolescent development. Within this commentary, we encourage further consideration of several issues as this valuable model is expanded and articulated. These issues include the extent of ...
Verdier Bruno - - 2014
Grand challenges in global change research and environmental science raise the need for replicated experiments on ecosystems subject to controlled changes in multiple environmental factors. We designed and developed the Ecolab as a variable climate and atmosphere simulator for multi-factor experimentation on natural or artificial ecosystems. The Ecolab integrates atmosphere ...
Kusner Katherine G - - 2014
We examined whether 164 heterosexual, married couples' reports of the sanctification of their marriage and their spiritual intimacy predicted their observed behavior across the transition to parenthood, using highly conservative statistical strategies to control for time-invariant factors and time-varying factors (marital love, collaborative communication skills) that could explain away these ...
Crego Cristina C University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA - - 2014
The Five Factor Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (FFOCI) was developed in part to facilitate a shift from the categorical classification of personality disorder to a dimensional trait model, more specifically, the five-factor model (FFM). Questions though have been raised as to whether obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) can be understood as a ...
Eastin Matthew D MD Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina; Department of Social Sciences, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana - - 2014
Dengue fever transmission results from complex interactions between the virus, human hosts, and mosquito vectors-all of which are influenced by environmental factors. Predictive models of dengue incidence rate, based on local weather and regional climate parameters, could benefit disease mitigation efforts. Time series of epidemiological and meteorological data for the ...
Ornelas Juan Francisco JF Departamento de biología evolutiva, instituto de ecología, ac, carretera antigua a coatepec no. 351, el haya, xalapa, veracruz, 91070, - - 2014
Recent empirical work on cloud forest-adapted species supports the role of both old divergences across major geographic areas and more recent divergences attributed to pleistocene climate changes. The shrub moussonia deppeana is distributed in northern mesoamerica, with geographically disjunct populations. Based on sampling throughout the species range and employing plastid ...
Kurz A Solomon AS University of Mississippi, Department of Psychology, 205 Peabody, University, MS 38677, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study examined how different patterns of coping influence psychological distress for staff members in programs serving individuals with intellectual disabilities. With a series of path models, we examined the relative usefulness of constructs (i.e., wishful thinking and psychological inflexibility) from two distinct models of coping (i.e., the transactional ...
Wu Zhiwei Z State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110164, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fire significantly affects species composition, structure, and ecosystem processes in boreal forests. Our study objective was to identify the relative effects of climate, vegetation, topography, and human activity on fire occurrence in Chinese boreal forest landscapes. We used historical fire ignition for 1966-2005 and the statistical method of Kernel Density ...
Mills Harriet L HL MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Dynamics, Imperial College London, St Mary's Hospital, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) is a network or chain sampling method designed to access individuals from hard-to-reach populations such as people who inject drugs (PWID). RDS surveys are used to monitor behaviour and infection occurence over time; these estimations require adjusting to account for over-sampling of individuals with many contacts. ...
Yang Yanyun Y Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA, - - 2014
Conducting exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using statistical extraction methods has been recommended, but little is known about the accuracy of the decisions regarding the number of factors to retain for ordered categorical item data by considering a chi-square test, fit indices, and conventional criteria, such as eigenvalue >1 and parallel ...
Lee Peter N PN P.N. Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd., 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5DA, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
We update an earlier review of smoking bans and heart disease, restricting attention to admissions for acute myocardial infarction. Forty-five studies are considered. New features of our update include consideration of non-linear trends in the underlying rate, a modified trend adjustment method where there are multiple time periods post-ban, comparison ...
Kawasaki Takayuki T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scapular dyskinesis is observed in subjects with pathologic conditions of the shoulder; however, there is limited information about the factors related to scapular dyskinesis among participants in rugby. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, reliability, and relationships between scapular dyskinesis and variables related to the shoulder ...
Gunia M M INRA, UMR 1313 Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France AgroParisTech, UMR 1313 Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, 75231 Paris, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to develop a genomic evaluation for French beef cattle breeds and assess accuracy and bias of prediction for different genomic selection strategies. Based on a reference population of 2,682 Charolais bulls and cows, genotyped or imputed to a high-density SNP panel (777K SNP), we ...
Parent Boris B INRA, UMR759 Laboratoire d'Ecophysiologie des Plantes sous Stress Environnementaux, Place Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France - - 2014
A crop model with genetic inputs can potentially simulate yield for a large range of genotypes, sites, and years, thereby indicating where and when a given combination of alleles confers a positive effect. We discuss to what extent current crop models, developed for predicting the effects of climate or cultivation ...
Yip Paul - - 2014
High-risk strategies would only have a modest effect on suicide prevention within a population. It is best to incorporate both high-risk and population-based strategies to prevent suicide. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of suicide prevention between high-risk and population-based strategies. A Markov chain illness and death model is ...
Paten Benedict - - 2014
Parsimony and maximum likelihood methods of phylogenetic tree estimation and parsimony methods for genome rearrangements are central to the study of genome evolution yet to date they have largely been pursued in isolation. We present a data structure called a history graph that offers a practical basis for the analysis ...
McKay Michael T MT a Centre for Public Health , Liverpool John Moores University , United - - 2014
Despite its long-standing and widespread use, disagreement remains regarding the structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). In particular, concern remains regarding the degree to which the scale assesses self-esteem as a unidimensional or multidimensional (positive and negative self-esteem) construct. Using a sample of 3,862 high school students in the ...
Dodd Lori E LE Biostatistics Research Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-USA - - 2014
Identification of host or pathogen factors linked to clinical outcome is a common goal in many animal studies of infectious diseases. When the disease is fatal, statistical analysis of such factors may be biased from missing observations due to deaths. For example, when a subject's observations are censored before completing ...
Yuan Changrong C Author Affiliations: School of Nursing, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China (Dr Yuan); Orthopedics Department, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, China (Ms Qian); Department of Nursing Research and Quality Outcomes and the Center for Translational Science, Children's National Medical Center, School of Medicine, the George Washington University, Washington, DC (Drs Wang and Hinds); College of Nursing, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey (Dr Lev); and Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts (Ms - - 2014
The Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH) is an instrument used to measure self-reported self-efficacy in patient populations. Self-efficacy has a major impact on quality of life and psychological well-being. Previous findings of dimensionality of the SUPPH vary, and cultural differences exist suggesting the need for further investigation ...
Verdonck Frederik A M FA ARCHE, Stapelplein 70 box 104, B-9000 Gent, - - 2014
The assessment of environmental exposure and risks associated with the production or use of a substance on an industrial site includes the estimation of the releases to the environment. In absence of measured release data on the specific substance, a risk assessor would rely on default release factors to the ...
Feidas Haralambos H Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, - - 2014
Maximum entropy ecological niche modeling was utilized to describe the global geographic distribution of Trichinella species and genotypes and to assess their invasive risk in new areas other than the ones currently known. Also, space-time scan statistic was utilized to identify global spatiotemporal clusters of infection. A database containing 3209 ...
Eichner Johannes J Center for Bioinformatics Tuebingen (ZBIT), University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today, web-based data analysis pipelines exist for a wide variety of microarray platforms, such as ordinary gene-centered arrays, exon arrays and SNP arrays. However, most of the available software tools provide only limited support for reverse-phase protein arrays (RPPA), as relevant inherent properties of the corresponding datasets are not taken ...
Zhu Peican P Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada - - 2014
Abstract Logical models have widely been used to gain insights into the biological behavior of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). Most logical models assume a synchronous update of the genes' states in a GRN. However, this may not be appropriate, because each gene may require a different period of time for ...
Zheng Lingling - - 2014
Abstract Pathway analysis has become a central approach to understanding the underlying biology of differentially expressed genes. As large amounts of microarray data have been accumulated in public repositories, flexible methodologies are needed to extend the analysis of simple case-control studies in order to place them in context with the ...
Shahdah Usama U Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crash modification factors (CMFs) for road safety treatments are usually obtained through observational models based on reported crashes. Observational Bayesian before-and-after methods have been applied to obtain more precise estimates of CMFs by accounting for the regression-to-the-mean bias inherent in naive methods. However, sufficient crash data reported over an extended ...
Wang Hongxing - - 2014
Much existing work of multifeature learning relies on the agreement among different feature types to improve the clustering or classification performance. However, as different feature types could have different data characteristics, such a forced agreement among different feature types may not bring a satisfactory result. We propose a novel transductive ...
Chen Gang G Scientific and Statistical Computing Core, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
All neuroimaging packages can handle group analysis with t-tests or general linear modeling (GLM). However, they are quite hamstrung when there are multiple within-subject factors or when quantitative covariates are involved in the presence of a within-subject factor. In addition, sphericity is typically assumed for the variance-covariance structure when there ...
Sargolzaei Mehdi - - 2014
Genotype imputation can help reduce genotyping costs particularly for implementation of genomic selection. In applications entailing large populations, recovering the genotypes of untyped loci using information from reference individuals that were genotyped with a higher density panel is computationally challenging. Popular imputation methods are based upon the Hidden Markov model ...
Guerra Diogo D Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich,Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH-8057 - - 2014
SUMMARY The known range of the zoonotic fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis has expanded since the 1990s, and today this parasite is recorded in higher abundances throughout large parts of Europe. This phenomenon is mostly attributed to the increasing European fox populations and their invasion of urban habitats. However, these factors ...
Maples Jessica L - - 2014
There has been a substantial increase in the use of personality assessment measures constructed using items from the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) such as the 300-item IPIP-NEO (Goldberg, 1999), a representation of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992). The IPIP-NEO is free to use ...
Ramseyer Fabian - - 2014
Objective: Processes occurring in the course of psychotherapy are characterized by the simple fact that they unfold in time and that the multiple factors engaged in change processes vary highly between individuals (idiographic phenomena). Previous research, however, has neglected the temporal perspective by its traditional focus on static phenomena, which ...
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