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Results 201 - 250 of 6547
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Pollman Curtis D CD Aqua Lux Lucis, Inc., 8411 NW 55th Place, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
While bioaccumulation factors (BAF) - the ratio of biota contaminant concentrations (Cbiota) to aqueous phase contaminant concentrations (Cw) - are useful in evaluating the accumulation of mercury (Hg) and other contaminants for various trophic levels in aquatic ecosystems, reduction of the underlying relationship between Cbiota and Cw to a single ...
Mund Marcus M Institut für Psychologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität - - 2014
Contrary to premises of dynamic transactionism, most studies investigating personality-relationship transaction only found personality effects on relationships but failed to find effects of relationship experiences on personality development. The current study reconsiders this issue in 3 ways. First, alongside the broad Big Five characteristics (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness), ...
Rebaudo Francois F BEI-UR072, IRD, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; LEGS-UPR9034, CNRS-UPSud11, Gif-sur-Yvette, - - 2014
Understanding the mechanisms that influence the population dynamics and spatial genetic structure of the vectors of pathogens infecting humans is a central issue in tropical epidemiology. In view of the rapid changes in the features of landscape pathogen vectors live in, this issue requires new methods that consider both natural ...
Kent Shawn S Florida Center for Reading Research and School of Teacher Education, Florida State - - 2014
In the present study, we examined the influence of kindergarten component skills on writing outcomes, both concurrently and longitudinally to first grade. Using data from 265 students, we investigated a model of writing development including attention regulation along with students' reading, spelling, handwriting fluency, and oral language component skills. Results ...
Saad Mohamad M Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America; Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
In the last two decades, complex traits have become the main focus of genetic studies. The hypothesis that both rare and common variants are associated with complex traits is increasingly being discussed. Family-based association studies using relatively large pedigrees are suitable for both rare and common variant identification. Because of ...
Hsiao Hongwei - - 2014
This article reports new anthropometric information of U.S. firefighters for fire apparatus design applications (Study 1) and presents a data method to assist in firefighter anthropometric data usage for research-to-practice propositions (Study 2). Up-to-date anthropometric information of the U.S. firefighter population is needed for updating ergonomic and safety specifications for ...
Lovely C Ben CB Department of Molecular Biosciences, Waggoner Center for Alcohol & Addiction Research, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, - - 2014
Due to its profound impact on human development, ethanol (EtOH) teratogenicity is a field of intense study. The complexity of variables that influence the outcomes of embryonic or prenatal EtOH exposure compels the use of animal models in which these variables can be isolated. Numerous model systems have been used ...
Ambrosi Priscilla P Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Morphogenetic gradients are essential to allocate cell fates in embryos of varying sizes within and across closely related species. We previously showed that the maternal NF-κB/Dorsal (Dl) gradient has acquired different shapes in Drosophila species, which result in unequally scaled germ layers along the dorso-ventral axis and the repositioning of ...
Kuchta Roman - - 2014
Tapeworms of the order Spathebothriidea Wardle et McLeod, 1952 (Cestoda) are reviewed. Molecular data made it possible to assess, for the first time, the phylogenetic relationships of all genera and to confirm the validity of Bothrimonus Duvernoy, 1842, Diplocotyle Krabbe, 1874 and Didymobothrium Nybelin, 1922. A survey of all species ...
He Hai-Qiang HQ Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, People's Republic of China. - - 2014
Genomic imprinting is a genetic phenomenon in which certain alleles are differentially expressed in a parent-of-origin-specific manner, and plays an important role in the study of complex traits. For a diallelic marker locus in human, the parentalasymmetry tests Q-PAT(c) with any constant c were developed to detect parent-of-origin effects for ...
Selby R D - - 2014
Increasing restrictions on chemical pesticide use in orchards have encouraged the use of alternative strategies to control the northern strain of the plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst). Some of these strategies target larvae as they emerge from fruit, so existing models for larval emergence from fruit were evaluated for accuracy ...
Lima José Bento Pereira JB Laboratório de Fisiologia e Controle de Artrópodes Vetores, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Distribution, abundance, feeding behaviour, host preference, parity status and human-biting and infection rates are among the medical entomological parameters evaluated when determining the vector capacity of mosquito species. To evaluate these parameters, mosquitoes must be collected using an appropriate method. Malaria is primarily transmitted by anthropophilic and synanthropic anophelines. Thus, ...
Harris M P MP Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA ; Department of Orthopaedic Research, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Fishes are wonderfully diverse. This variety is a result of the ability of ray-finned fishes to adapt to a wide range of environments, and has made them more specious than the rest of vertebrates combined. With such diversity it is easy to dismiss comparisons between distantly related fishes in efforts ...
Prothero Donald R DR Department of Vertebrate Paleontology, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Species longevity in the fossil record is related to many paleoecological variables and is important to macroevolutionary studies, yet there are very few reliable data on average species durations in Cenozoic fossil mammals. Many of the online databases (such as the Paleobiology Database) use only genera of North American Cenozoic ...
Lane Peter W PW Fenner School of Environment and Society, ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, National Environmental Research Program, The Australian National University Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, 0200, - - 2014
Quantifying and visualizing species associations are important to many areas of ecology and conservation biology. Species networks are one way to analyze species associations, with a growing number of applications such as food webs, nesting webs, plant-animal mutualisms, and interlinked extinctions. We present a new method for assessing and visualizing ...
Scarselli Alberto - - 2014
Background: Crystalline silica is a human carcinogen and its use is widespread among construction, mining, foundries, and other manufacturing industries. Purpose: To evaluate occupational exposure to crystalline silica in Italy. Methods: Data were collected from exposure registries and descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables. The number of potentially exposed ...
Zydlewski J J U.S. Geological Survey, Maine Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 5755 Nutting Hall, Orono, ME 04469-5755, U.S.A.; Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, - - 2014
Gill Na(+) , K(+) -ATPase activity, condition factor and seawater (SW) challenges were used to assess the development of smolt characteristics in a cohort of hatchery coastal cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii from the Cowlitz River in Washington State, U.S.A. Gill Na(+) , K(+) -ATPase activity increased slightly in the ...
Fujita Goro G National Research Institute of Police Science, 6-3-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba-ken 277-0882, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In Japan, where pedestrian deaths account for a third of road traffic fatalities, 7.4% of victims die from hit-and-run accidents. To identify determinants for drivers considering leaving an accident scene after hitting a pedestrian, environment-related, driver-related, and pedestrian-related factors were examined using Japanese national police data. Results generally confirmed the ...
Burns Carol J CJ The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, - - 2014
There is a recognized need to improve the application of epidemiologic data in human health risk assessment especially for understanding and characterizing risks from environmental and occupational exposures. While there is uncertainty associated with the results of most epidemiologic studies, techniques exist to characterize uncertainty that can be applied to ...
Westneat David F DF Department of Biology, Center for Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Kentucky, 101 Morgan Building, Lexington, KY, 40506-0225, - - 2014
Phenotypes vary hierarchically among taxa and populations, among genotypes within populations, among individuals within genotypes, and also within individuals for repeatedly expressed, labile phenotypic traits. This hierarchy produces some fundamental challenges to clearly defining biological phenomena and constructing a consistent explanatory framework. We use a heuristic statistical model to explore ...
Arbizu Carlos C U. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Vegetable Crops Research Unit; and Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1590 - - 2014
• Premise of the study: We explored the utility of multiple nuclear orthologs for the taxonomic resolution of wild and cultivated carrot, Daucus species.• Methods: We studied the phylogeny of 92 accessions of 13 species and two subspecies of Daucus and 15 accessions of related genera (107 accessions total) with ...
Yang Ming - - 2014
In differential evolution (DE) studies, there are many parameter adaptation methods, aiming at tuning the mutation factor F and the crossover probability CR . However, these methods still cannot resolve the issues of population premature convergence and population stagnation. To address these issues, in this paper, we investigate the population ...
Pirooznia Mehdi - - 2014
The processing and analysis of the large scale data generated by next-generation sequencing (NGS) experiments is challenging and is a burgeoning area of new methods development. Several new bioinformatics tools have been developed for calling sequence variants from NGS data. Here, we validate the variant calling of these tools and ...
Grube Martin M Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University, Graz, - - 2014
Symbioses represent a frequent and successful lifestyle on earth and lichens are one of their classic examples. Recently, bacterial communities were identified as stable, specific and structurally integrated partners of the lichen symbiosis, but their role has remained largely elusive in comparison to the well-known functions of the fungal and ...
Wen Xuesong X 1 Interdepartmental Microbiology Program, Iowa State University , Ames, - - 2014
Abstract Translocation of foodborne pathogens into the interior tissues of pork through moisture enhancement may be of concern if the meat is undercooked. In the present study, a five-strain mixture of Campylobacter jejuni or Salmonella enterica Typhimurium was evenly spread on the surface of fresh pork loins. Pork loins were ...
Han Jia J 1 Key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education Shanghai University of - - 2014
Summary.-There may be a higher-order processing system (or general proprioceptive ability) which receives inputs from various proprioceptive sources across different body areas. In general, Tremblay's (2013 ) criticisms are overly based on peripheral proprioceptors, and do not represent alternative interpretations or the data generated by studies evaluating those interpretations.
Choi Sungkyoung S Interdisciplinary Program in bioinformatics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea Institute for Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Bonn Germany, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 4Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, Center for Genomic Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Institute for Genomic Mathematics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Bonn, Germany, Department of Statistics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Department of Public Health Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Individuals in each family are genetically more homogeneous than unrelated individuals, and family-based designs are often recommended for the analysis of rare variants. However, despite the importance of family-based samples analysis, few statistical methods for rare variant association analysis are available. In this report, we propose a FAmily-based Rare Variant ...
Ristau Tina T University of Cologne, Cologne, 50924, - - 2014
Purpose: To create a risk model for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) based on non-genetic factors. Methods: In this case-control study, 1459 individuals were included, 445 patients showed nAMD and 1014 were healthy controls. Participants were randomly assigned into a training set (containing 2/3 of individuals) and a validation set. ...
Ivanova Kremena K National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Building 7, 3 Sv. Georgi Sofiyski St., Sofia 1606, Bulgaria - - 2014
As a part of the systematic survey of indoor radon in Bulgaria, the indoor radon concentration was measured in 296 kindergarten buildings of Sofia city during 3 months (February to April 2013) using the CR-39 nuclear tract detectors. In 256 buildings at least two frequently occupied rooms (mainly playrooms) were ...
Fehr Alexandra E AE Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Atlanta, - - 2014
Federal regulations permitting an exception from informed consent for research in emergency settings require community consultation before study approval. Rates of acceptance of exception from informed consent in community consultation are often reported, but predictors of acceptance are not well understood, and investigators and institutional review boards struggle to interpret ...
Adolfsen Frode F Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, - - 2014
Early drinking onset is associated with different psychosocial adjustment problems among adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess determinants associated with early drinking and to identify factors predicting early drinking onset among adolescents. The study included 1,550 eighth-graders with a mean age of 13.5 years from 41 schools. A ...
Lal Pranay P International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - South-East Asia Office, New Delhi, India - - 2014
The Global Adult Tobacco Survey, or GATS, has proved to be an invaluable tool for policymakers. In India, it highlighted the alarming rates of prevalence of use and risks both nationally and at state level. However, a rapid analysis of GATS-India shows that there are limitations in methods (sampling, questionnaire, ...
Henderson Heather A HA Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an early-appearing temperament characterized by strong reactions to novelty. BI shows a good deal of stability over childhood and significantly increases the risk for later diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Despite these general patterns, many children with high BI do not go on to develop ...
Sun Guibo - - 2014
Previous studies testing the association between the built environment and walking behavior have been largely cross-sectional and have yielded mixed results. This study reports on a natural experiment in which changes to the built environment were implemented at a university campus in Hong Kong. Longitudinal data on walking behaviors were ...
Liu Jing - - 2014
Multiview representations reveal the fundamental attributes of the studied instances from different perspectives. Some common perspectives are reviewed by multiple views simultaneously, while some specific ones are reflected by individual views. That is, there are two kinds of properties embedded in the multiview data: 1) consistency and 2) complementarity. Different ...
Neave Penny E - - 2014
In the UK, the majority of imported malaria infections occur in the London area among UK residents of African origin who travel to Africa visiting friends and relatives (VFRs). Effective malaria prevention measures are available but there is little understanding of the factors that enhance and constrain their use among ...
Sharov Alexei A AA National Institute on Aging, Genetics Laboratory, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2014
In the era of the extended evolutionary synthesis, which no longer considers natural selection as the only leading factor of evolution, it is meaningful to revisit the legacy of biologists who discussed the role of alternative factors. Here we analyze the evolutionary views of Sergei Meyen (1935-1987), a paleobotanist who ...
Sinnott Jennifer A JA Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
To reduce costs and improve clinical relevance of genetic studies, there has been increasing interest in performing such studies in hospital-based cohorts by linking phenotypes extracted from electronic medical records (EMRs) to genotypes assessed in routinely collected medical samples. A fundamental difficulty in implementing such studies is extracting accurate information ...
Bora Nalini S NS Department of Ophthalmology, Jones Eye Institute, Pat and Willard Walker Eye Research Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies performed over the past decade in humans and experimental animals have been a major source of information and improved our understanding of how dysregulation of the complement system contributes to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) pathology. Drusen, the hall-mark of dry-type AMD are reported to be the by-product of complement ...
Kim Gyu Ri GR a Department of Epidemiology and Public Health , University College London , London , - - 2014
Objectives: The aim was to assess the reliability and validity of the quality of life (QoL) instrument CASP-19, and three shorter versions of CASP-12 in large population sample of older adults from the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study. Methods: From the Czech Republic, Russia, and ...
Eaves Lindon J LJ Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA, - - 2014
Genome wide complex trait analysis (GCTA) is extended to include environmental effects of the maternal genotype on offspring phenotype ("maternal effects", M-GCTA). The model includes parameters for the direct effects of the offspring genotype, maternal effects and the covariance between direct and maternal effects. Analysis of simulated data, conducted in ...
Wang Liya L Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the most common cause of viral encephalitis and an important public health concern in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in China where 50% of global cases are notified. To explore the association between environmental factors and human JE cases and identify the high risk areas for JE ...
Middelweerd Anouk - - 2014
BackgroundIn May 2013, the iTunes and Google Play stores contained 23,490 and 17,756 smartphone applications (apps) categorized as Health and Fitness, respectively. The quality of these apps, in terms of applying established health behavior change techniques, remains unclear.MethodsThe study sample was identified through systematic searches in iTunes and Google Play. ...
Baar Johanna J a Faculty of Architecture and Social Sciences , Leipzig University of Applied Sciences , Leipzig , - - 2014
Residential self-selection is supposed to bias the relation between residential environments and physical activity, but empirical analyses are still rare. This study examines the association while simultaneously considering the effect of residential self-selection criteria. One thousand two hundred and forty-five German students were asked to report their physical activity, their ...
Wang Jinjun J Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California, Davis, - - 2014
Within the last decade, several mouse models that manifest characteristic features of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) with antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) and immune-mediated biliary duct pathology have been reported. Here, the authors discuss the current findings on two spontaneous (nonobese diabetic autoimmune biliary disease [NOD.ABD] and dominant negative transforming growth factor-β ...
Haller J J Institute of Experimental Medicine, Budapest, - - 2014
We review here the impact of early adversities on the development of violence and antisocial behaviour in humans, and present three etiological animal models of escalated rodent aggression, each disentangling the consequences of one particular adverse early-life factor. The review of the human data and those obtained with the animal ...
Gajewska M M Systems Toxicology Unit and EURL ECVAM, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027 Ispra, VA, Italy; University of Milano Biccoca, Dep. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Piazza della Scienza 1, Milano, Italy; Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Molecular EXposomics (MEX), Ingolstädter Landstr.1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Joint physiologically-based toxicokinetic and toxicodynamic (PBTK/TD) mqodelling was applied to simulate concentration-time profiles of nicotine, a well-known stimulant, in the human body following single and repeated dosing. Both kinetic and dynamic models were first calibrated by using in vivo literature data for the Caucasian population. The models were then used ...
Lahey Benjamin B BB University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The best-fitting model of the structure of common psychopathology often includes a general factor on which all dimensions of psychopathology load. Such a general factor would be important if it reflects etiologies and mechanisms shared by all dimensions of psychopathology. Nonetheless, a viable alternative explanation is that the general factor ...
Brennan Katharine A KA School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Smoking tobacco is highly addictive and a leading preventable cause of death. The main addictive constituent is nicotine; consequently it has been administered to laboratory animals to model tobacco dependence. Despite extensive use, this model might not best reflect the powerful nature of tobacco dependence because nicotine is a weak ...
Taroni F F University of Lausanne, School of Criminal Justice, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper extends previous research [1] on the use of multivariate continuous data in comparative handwriting examinations, notably for gender classification. A database has been constructed by analyzing the contour shape of loop characters of type a and d by means of Fourier analysis, which allows characters to be described ...
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