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Results 201 - 250 of 5456
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Sharma Namita Alok NA Anatomy, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Dental College and Hospital , Pune , India - - 2014
Abstract Background: Cheiloscopy is a comparatively recent counterpart to the long established dactyloscopic studies. Ethnic variability of these lip groove patterns has not yet been explored. Aim: This study was a collaborative effort aimed at establishing cheiloscopic variations amongst modern human populations from four geographically and culturally far removed nations: ...
Green Kimberly T KT Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
The present study examined the structural validity of the 25-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a large sample of U.S. veterans with military service since September 11, 2001. Participants (N = 1,981) completed the 25-item CD-RISC, a structured clinical interview and a self-report questionnaire assessing psychiatric symptoms. The study sample ...
Keskitalo E Carina H EC Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
Forest use in Northern Sweden is being influenced both by global trends and local situations. This results in interactions between numerous groups that may impact local forest governance. Social network analysis can here provide insight into the total pattern of positive, negative, and cross-level interactions within user group community structure ...
Primack Brian A BA Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
While the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS-11) has shown promise in assessing dependence on water pipe tobacco smoking (WTS) in Lebanon among adult users, it would be valuable to identify WTS addiction earlier and to explore reliability and validity of these items in other populations. In 2010-2012, we conducted a ...
Ashton Michael C MC 1Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
We review research and theory on the HEXACO personality dimensions of Honesty-Humility (H), Agreeableness (A), and Emotionality (E), with particular attention to the following topics: (1) the origins of the HEXACO model in lexical studies of personality structure, and the content of the H, A, and E factors in those ...
Ventikos Nikolaos P NP Laboratory for Maritime Transport, National Technical University of Athens, - - 2014
This paper reports the results of an analysis of oil spill cost data assembled from a worldwide pollution database that mainly includes data from the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund. The purpose of the study is to analyze the conditions of marine pollution accidents and the factors that impact the ...
Lee Tae-Ho - - 2014
Phylogenetic trees are widely used for genetic and evolutionary studies in various organisms. Advanced sequencing technology has dramatically enriched data available for constructing phylogenetic trees based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, massive SNP data makes it difficult to perform reliable analysis, and there has been no ready-to-use pipeline to ...
Anzai Mariana Caselli MC Laboratório de Micologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT, - - 2014
Little is known about the ecology of agents of cryptococcosis in Mato Grosso, without any data regarding to the sources of both agents in the environment. This study aimed to investigate Cryptococcus gattii and Cryptococcus neoformans associated with decay in tree hollows within the urban area of three different cities ...
Sae-Lim Panya - - 2014
Identifying the relevant environmental variables that cause GxE interaction is often difficult when they cannot be experimentally manipulated. Two statistical approaches can be applied to address this question. When data on candidate environmental variables are available, GxE interaction can be quantified as a function of specific environmental variables using a ...
Herzog Thaddeus A TA University of Hawaii Cancer Center, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Betel quid is the fourth most commonly consumed psychoactive substance in the world. The Betel Quid Dependence Scale (BQDS) is the first instrument designed specifically to measure betel quid dependence. The three factor structure of the BQDS consists of "physical and psychological urgent need," "increasing dose," and "maladaptive use." The ...
Cassey Phillip P School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia, - - 2014
One of the strongest generalities in invasion biology is the positive relationship between probability of establishment and the numbers of individuals introduced. Nevertheless, a number of significant questions remain regarding: (1) the relative importance of different processes during introduction (e.g., demographic, environmental, and genetic stochasticity, and Allee effects); (2) the ...
Wen Zhi Z Novartis, East Hanover, New Jersy, - - 2014
In this article, we first extend the superpopulation capture-recapture model to multiple states (locations or populations) for two age groups., Wen et al., (2011; 2013) developed a new approach combining capture-recapture data with population assignment information to estimate the relative contributions of in situ births and immigrants to the growth ...
Petry Thomas T ToxMinds BVBA, Product Safety & Regulatory Affairs, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Airborne compounds in the indoor environment arise from a wide variety of sources such as environmental tobacco smoke, heating and cooking, construction materials as well as outdoor sources. To understand the contribution of scented candles to the indoor load of airborne substances and particulate matter, candle emission testing was undertaken ...
Sutton Gordon J GJ School of Chemistry, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Horse racing authorities impose a limit on the concentration of plasma 'total carbon dioxide' (TCO2), typically 36 mM with action taken above 37 mM, as measured by an electrochemical gas analyzer. It is of interest to understand the distribution of TCO2 in a 'normal' population of racehorses and determine probabilities of members ...
Rossow Ingeborg I Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research (SIRUS), P.O. Box 565 Sentrum, 0105 Oslo, Norway; National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, - - 2014
To assess the association between heavy episodic drinking (HED) and deliberate self-harm (DSH) in young people in Norway. We analysed data on past year HED and DSH from the second (1994) and third (1999) waves of the Young in Norway Longitudinal Study (cumulative response rate: 68.1%, n = 2681). Associations ...
Shi Xingjie X School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2014
In high-throughput studies, an important objective is to identify gene-environment interactions associated with disease outcomes and phenotypes. Many commonly adopted methods assume specific parametric or semiparametric models, which may be subject to model misspecification. In addition, they usually use significance level as the criterion for selecting important interactions. In this ...
Molenaar Dylan D Psychological Methods, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Investigating genotype by environment interactions (GxE) is generally considered challenging due to the scale dependency of the interaction effect. The present paper illustrates the problems associated with testing for GxEs on summed item scores within the well-known ACE model. That is, it is shown how genuine GxEs may be masked ...
Stöckl Dietmar - - 2014
Abstract Background: Between-method equivalence ideally is achieved by calibration against an SI-traceable reference measurement procedure. For measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), it is unlikely to accomplish this goal in mid-term. Therefore, we investigated a statistical alternative based on a factor analysis (FA) model. Methods: The FA model was applied ...
Pinho P P CERENA-Centro de Recursos Naturais e Ambiente, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa (CERENA-IST-UL), Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal; Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Centro de Biologia Ambiental (CBA-FC-UL), Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Critical levels (CLEs) of atmospheric ammonia based on biodiversity changes have been mostly calculated using small-scale single-source approaches, to avoid interference by other factors, which also influence biodiversity. Thus, it is questionable whether these CLEs are valid at larger spatial scales, in a multi- disturbances context. To test so, we ...
Yamamoto Hiroyuki - - 2014
Principal component analysis (PCA) has been widely used to visualize high-dimensional metabolomic data in a two- or three-dimensional subspace. In metabolomics, some metabolites (e.g., the top 10 metabolites) have been subjectively selected when using factor loading in PCA, and biological inferences are made for these metabolites. However, this approach may ...
De Brouwere Katleen K Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The maximum cumulative ratio (MCR) method allows the categorisation of mixtures according to whether the mixture is of concern for toxicity and if so whether this is driven by one substance or multiple substances. The aim of the present study was to explore, by application of the MCR approach, whether ...
Caro Tim T 1] Department of Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, University of California at Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA [2] Center for Population Biology, University of California at Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, - - 2014
Despite over a century of interest, the function of zebra stripes has never been examined systematically. Here we match variation in striping of equid species and subspecies to geographic range overlap of environmental variables in multifactor models controlling for phylogeny to simultaneously test the five major explanations for this infamous ...
Zhou Linghua L Center for Computational Biology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Adverse sentimental relationships that cause marital dissolution may involve a genetic component composed of genes from a couple, which interact with cultural, sociological, psychological and economic factors. However, the identification of these genes is very challenging. Here, we address this challenge by developing a computational model that can identify specific ...
Lee Yeonok Y Department of Statistics, Penn State University, University Park, PA - - 2014
Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are flexible and widely used in scientific studies. Particularly in genomics and genetics, there are multiple distinct regimes in the genome within each of which the relationships among multivariate features are distinct. Examples include differential gene regulation depending on gene functions and experimental conditions, and varying ...
Bagshaw Clarence C Edgefield Veterinary Clinic, 218 Augusta Road, Edgefield, SC 29824, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
More than thirty years have passed since canine parvovirus (CPV) emerged as a significant pathogen and it continues to pose a severe threat to world canine populations. Published information suggests that flies (Diptera) may play a role in spreading this virus; however, they have not been studied extensively and the ...
Flamand Claude C Epidemiology Unit, Institut Pasteur in French Guiana, Cayenne, French - - 2014
To identify local meteorological drivers of dengue fever in French Guiana, we applied an original data mining method to the available epidemiological and climatic data. Through this work, we also assessed the contribution of the data mining method to the understanding of factors associated with the dissemination of infectious diseases ...
Hillyer Margot M MM Department of Chemistry, Gottwald Center for the Sciences, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173, United - - 2014
A wide spectrum and large number of children's toys and toy jewelry items were purchased from both bargain and retail vendors and analyzed for arsenic, cadmium, and lead metal content using multiple analytical techniques, including flame and furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy as well as X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Particularly dangerous for ...
Kim Dokyoon D Seoul National University Biomedical Informatics (SNUBI), Div. of Biomedical Informatics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110799, Republic of Korea; Center for Systems Genomics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order to improve our understanding of cancer and develop multi-layered theoretical models for the underlying mechanism, it is essential to have enhanced understanding of the interactions between multiple levels of genomic data that contribute to tumor formation and progression. Although there exist recent approaches such as a graph-based framework ...
Gertz Edward Michael - - 2014
PSEUDOMARKER is a software package that performs joint linkage and linkage disequilibriumanalysis between a marker and a putative disease locus. A key feature of PSEUDOMARKER isthat it can combine case-controls and pedigrees of varying structure into a single unified analysis.Thus it maximizes the full likelihood of the data over marker ...
Zhou Xiang X 1] Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. [2] Department of Statistics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Multivariate linear mixed models (mvLMMs) are powerful tools for testing associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms and multiple correlated phenotypes while controlling for population stratification in genome-wide association studies. We present efficient algorithms in the genome-wide efficient mixed model association (GEMMA) software for fitting mvLMMs and computing likelihood ratio tests. These algorithms ...
Gonzalez-Quevedo Catalina C School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, - - 2014
1. How the environment influences the transmission and prevalence of disease in a population of hosts is a key aspect of disease ecology. The role that environmental factors play in host-pathogen systems has been well studied at large scales, i.e. differences in pathogen pressures among separate populations of hosts, or ...
Aliev Fazil F Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, 800 E. Leigh St., PO Box 980126, Richmond, VA, 23298-0126, USA, - - 2014
The study of gene-environment interaction (G × E) has garnered widespread attention. The most common way to assess interaction effects is in a regression model with a G × E interaction term that is a product of the values specified for the genotypic (G) and environmental (E) variables. In this paper we discuss the ...
Hynds Paul P Environmental Engineering Research Group, School of Engineering, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
An integrated domestic well sampling and "susceptibility assessment" programme was undertaken in the Republic of Ireland from April 2008 to November 2010. Overall, 211 domestic wells were sampled, assessed and collated with local climate data. Based upon groundwater physicochemical profile, three clusters have been identified and characterised by source type ...
Vučković Goran G Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
Tactics in squash have typically been assessed using the frequency of different shot types played at different locations on the court either without reference to other relevant information or on the basis of the preceding shot. This paper presents a new squash specific method for categorizing court locations in which ...
Zhao Xing - - 2014
The association between malaria and meteorological factors is complex due to the lagged and non-linear pattern. Without fully considering these characteristics, existing studies usually concluded inconsistent findings. Investigating the lagged correlation pattern between malaria and climatic variables may improve the understanding of the association and generate possible better prediction models. ...
Dupuy Céline C Unité Epidémiologie, Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail (ANSES), 31 avenue Tony Garnier, F69364 Lyon, Cedex 07, France; Unité d'épidémiologie animale, UR346, INRA, F63122 St Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
The proportion of cattle with offal, partial or whole carcass condemnation could be a useful indicator for animal health syndromic surveillance purposes. It requires first highlighting the factors associated with condemnation in order to include them in a modeling process. This study aims to identify and quantify these factors. It ...
Lu Shasha S School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Room C0514, No. 35, Tsinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100083, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
A large number of mathematical models have been developed to support land resource allocation decisions and land management needs; however, few of them can address various uncertainties that exist in relation to many factors presented in such decisions (e.g., land resource availabilities, land demands, land-use patterns, and social demands, as ...
Tamuri Asif U AU European Bioinformatics Institute - - 2014
We develop a maximum penalized likelihood (MPL) method to estimate the fitnesses of amino acids and the distribution of selection coefficients (S = 2Ns) in protein-coding genes from phylogenetic data. This improves on the previous maximum likelihood method of Tamuri et al. (2012; Genetics, 190:1101). Various penalty functions are used ...
Scott-Parker B B University of the Sunshine Coast Accident Research (USCAR), Faculty of Arts and Business, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs 4556, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The persistent overrepresentation of young drivers in road crashes is universally recognised. A multitude of factors influencing their behaviour and safety have been identified through methods including crash analyses, simulated and naturalistic driving studies, and self-report measures. Across the globe numerous, diverse, countermeasures have been implemented; the design of the ...
Sun Di-Bing DB Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2014
Reproductive interference is one of the major factors mediating species exclusion among insects. The cryptic species Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED) of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex have invaded many parts of the world and often exhibit niche overlap and reproductive interference. However, contrasting patterns of competitive ...
Cantrell Jennifer J Jennifer Cantrell, Jennifer Kreslake, Ollie Ganz, Donna M. Vallone, and Haijun Xiao are with the Research and Evaluation Department, Legacy Foundation, Washington, DC. Jennifer L. Pearson, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, and Thomas R. Kirchner are with the Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies, Legacy - - 2014
We thank Sheehan for her comments. We are aware of the known correlation between racial segregation and neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES). However, the high correlation between these two measures can make it challenging to implement the analyses strategies recommended. A strong relationship between the two potential predictors can make their ...
Simmons Mark P MP Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Empirical and simulated examples were used to demonstrate the following five points in the context of sparse supermatrices. First, locally sampled characters, when analyzed with low quality heuristic parsimony, likelihood, or Bayesian searches, can create high resolution and resampling values for clades that are properly unsupported because there is no ...
Magal Pierre P Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux, UMR CNRS 5251 -Case 36, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, 3ter place de la Victoire, 33000 Bordeaux Cedex, - - 2014
The classical susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model, originated from the seminal papers of Ross [51] and Ross and Hudson [52,53] in 1916-1917 and the fundamental contributions of Kermack and McKendrick [36-38] in 1927-1932, describes the transmission of infectious diseases between susceptible and infective individuals and provides the basic framework for almost all ...
Pilatti Angelina A Laboratorio de Psicologia, Facultad de Psicologia, National University of Cordoba, Enrique Barros y Enfermera Gordillo s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Córdoba CP 5000, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET, Argentina). Electronic address: - - 2014
The present work was aimed at analyzing the psychometric properties of the Spanish Brief YAACQ in a sample of Argentinean college students applying the Item Response Theory. Participants were 302 college students (59.9% females) who reported drinking alcohol within the last month. The B-YAACQ was translated into Spanish and the ...
Steinsland Ingelin I Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, Norway. - - 2014
Natural selection is typically exerted at some specific life stages. If natural selection takes place before a trait can be measured, using conventional models can cause wrong inference about population parameters. When the missing data process relates to the trait of interest a valid inference requires explicit modeling of the ...
Grange Zoë L ZL Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand; mEpiLab, Infectious Disease Research Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand; Wildbase, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand. - - 2014
Social network analysis is being increasingly used in epidemiology and disease modeling in humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. We investigated this tool in describing a translocation network (area that allows movement of animals between geographically isolated locations) used for the conservation of an endangered flightless rail, the Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri). ...
Vassy Jason L JL Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) may have reached their limit of detecting common type 2 diabetes (T2D)-associated genetic variation. We evaluated the performance of current polygenic T2D prediction. Using data from the Framingham Offspring (FOS) and the Coronary Artery Risk in Young Adults (CARDIA) studies, we tested three hypotheses: 1) a ...
Lewis Penny J PJ School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, MASHC, University of Manchester, Oxford Rd. Manchester, M13 - - 2014
Prescribing errors are common and can be detrimental to patient care and costly. Junior doctors are more likely than consultants to make a prescribing error, yet there is only limited research into the causes of errors. The aim of this study was to explore the causes of prescribing mistakes made ...
Masuda Naoki N Department of Mathematical Informatics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In social situations with which evolutionary game is concerned, individuals are considered to be heterogeneous in various aspects. In particular, they may differently perceive the same outcome of the game owing to heterogeneity in idiosyncratic preferences, fighting abilities, and positions in a social network. In such a population, an individual ...
Wang Charles Cn - - 2014
Several dynamic models of a gene regulatory network of the light-induced floral transition process in Arabidopsis have been developed to capture the behavior of gene transcription and infer predictions based on experimental observations. It has been proven that the models can make accurate and novel predictions, which generate testable hypotheses.Two ...
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