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Forkman Johannes J Department of Crop Production Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7043, 750 07 Uppsala, - - 2014
The genotype main effects and genotype-by-environment interaction effects (GGE) model and the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model are two common models for analysis of genotype-by-environment data. These models are frequently used by agronomists, plant breeders, geneticists and statisticians for analysis of multi-environment trials. In such trials, a ...
Cassidy Liam L Institut für Experimentelle Medizin - AG Systematische Proteomforschung, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, 24105, Kiel, - - 2014
All organisms live in constant contact with the microbial world. In recent years it has become evident that these microbial communities are not only responsible for the development of certain diseases, but are also an indispensable factor for homeostasis. The inherent complexity of meta-organisms hampers a straightforward elucidation of the ...
Kubarych Thomas S TS Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnostic criteria for cannabis abuse and dependence are best represented by a single underlying factor. However, it remains possible that models with additional factors, or latent class models or hybrid models, may better explain the data. Using ...
Barbosa-Leiker Celestina C College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, - - 2014
The Emotion Understanding Assessment (EUA) is based on a theoretical model of recognizing emotion expressions and reasoning about situation-based, desire-based, and belief-based emotions. While research has noted that emotion understanding predicts current and future social and academic functioning, little is known about the psychometric properties of the EUA. This research ...
Du Shihong S Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modeling the relationships between environment, human activity, and natural conditions is very important for understanding human-environment interactions. This study aims at examining how these relationships vary over spatial sampling scales and investigating the spatially varying relationships between land-cover changes and driving factors, as well as the variations in the relationships ...
Cyders Melissa A MA Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, Department of Psychology, United - - 2014
The current study examines a recently developed short version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. Participants were 251 undergraduate students (59.3% male; mean age=21.16 (SD=4.18); 72% Caucasian). The short version generally replicated the internal consistency (0.74-0.88 across subscales) and inter-scale correlations of the full UPPS-P. Moreover, the estimated loss of ...
Puig-Junoy Jaume J Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Department of Economics and Business, Research Centre for Economics and Health (CRES), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper provides empirical evidence on the explanatory factors affecting introductory prices of new pharmaceuticals in a heavily regulated and highly subsidized market. We collect a data set consisting of all new chemical entities launched in Spain between 1997 and 2005, and model launch prices following an extended version of ...
Chen Yi-Lei YL National Tsing Hua University, - - 2014
The success of research on matrix completion is evident in a variety of real-world applications. Tensor completion, which is a high-order extension of matrix completion, has also generated a great deal of research interest in recent years. Given a tensor with incomplete entries, existing methods use either factorization or completion ...
Santana M L ML 1 Grupo de Melhoramento Animal de Mato Grosso (GMAT), Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Tecnológicas, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Universitário de Rondonópolis, MT-270, Km 06, CEP 78735-901 Rondonópolis, MT, - - 2014
The objectives of the present study were: (1) to evaluate the importance of genotype×production environment interaction for the genetic evaluation of birth weight (BW) and weaning weight (WW) in a population of composite beef cattle in Brazil, and (2) to investigate the importance of sire×contemporary group interaction (S×CG) to model ...
Liu Aiping - - 2014
While neuroimaging data can provide valuable phenotypic information to inform genetic studies, the opposite is also true: known genotypes can be used to inform brain connectivity patterns from fMRI data. Here, we propose a framework for genetically informed group brain connectivity modeling. Subjects are first stratified according to their genotypes, ...
Kroshus Emily E Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
Athlete's report of concussion symptoms to coaching or medical personnel is an important component of concussion risk reduction. This study applies a model based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to the prediction of concussive symptom underreporting among late adolescent and young adult male ice hockey players. Participants were ...
Shiels Chris C Department of Health Services Research, University of Liverpool, - - 2014
BACKGROUND The 'fit note', with the opportunity for the GP to advise that a patient 'may be fit' to do some work, was introduced in April 2010. AIM To estimate numbers of fit notes with 'may be fit' advice, the types of advice, and factors associated with any inclusion of ...
Burggren Warren W WW Developmental Integrative Biology Research Cluster, Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle #305220, Denton, TX 76203-5017, - - 2014
Considerable variation is inherent both within and between comparative physiological data sets. Known sources for such variation include diet, gender, time of day and season of experiment, among many other factors, but a meta-analysis of physiological studies shows that surprisingly few studies report controlling for these factors. In fact, less ...
Bocquet François F Dauphine University, Paris, France, - - 2014
Biosimilars are copies of biological reference medicines. Unlike generics (copies of chemical molecules), biologics are complex, expensive and complicated to produce. The knowledge of the factors affecting the competition following patent expiry for biologics remains limited. The aims of this study were to analyse the EU-5 Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) ...
Liu Jin J School of Public Health, Yale - - 2014
In cancer diagnosis studies, high-throughput gene profiling has been extensively conducted, searching for genes whose expressions may serve as markers. Data generated from such studies have the "large d, small n" feature, with the number of genes profiled much larger than the sample size. Penalization has been extensively adopted for ...
Broten Laurel L From the Division of Clinical Epidemiology, and Divisions of Rheumatology, and Clinical Immunology/Allergy, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC), Montreal, Quebec; Division of Rheumatology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Division of Rheumatology, McGill University; Dalhousie University and Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, and Repository, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, Manitoba; Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; Division of Rheumatology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta; Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval, Quebec City, Quebec; Chronic Disease Surveillance Division, National Institute of Public Health of Québec; Health Surveillance Branch, Public Health Division, Alberta Health and Wellness, Edmonton, Alberta; Divisions of Rheumatology, and Clinical Immunology/Allergy, Research Institute of the MUHC; Canadian Arthritis Patient Alliance; Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To estimate systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD) prevalence across 7 Canadian provinces using population-based administrative data evaluating both regional variations and the effects of age and sex. Using provincial physician billing and hospitalization data, cases of SARD (systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, primary Sjögren syndrome, polymyositis/dermatomyositis) were ascertained. Three case definitions ...
Zheng Chaozhi C 1 Department of Statistics, University of Washington , Seattle, - - 2014
Abstract There has been much interest in detecting genomic identity by descent (IBD) segments from modern dense genetic marker data and in using them to identify human disease susceptibility loci. Here we present a novel Bayesian framework using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) realizations to jointly infer IBD states among ...
Upadhyay Ushma D UD Assistant Professor, Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 1330 Broadway, Suite 1100, Oakland, CA 94612. - - 2014
No validated measures are currently available to assess women's ability to achieve their reproductive intentions, also referred to as "reproductive autonomy." We developed and validated a multidimensional instrument that can measure reproductive autonomy. We generated a pool of 26 items and included them in a survey that was conducted among ...
Yang Xiaozhao Y XY Department of Sociology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
To examine how expectations of role models concerning smoking and exposure to tobacco control policies are associated with people's support for smoking bans. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using multistage sampling. Employed structural equation modeling to examine the relationships and multi-group analysis to compare cross-group difference between smokers and non-smokers. Expectations ...
Robles A A Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria, Universitat de València, Avinguda de la Universitat s/n, 46100 Burjassot,Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The results of a global sensitivity analysis of a filtration model for submerged anaerobic MBRs (AnMBRs) are assessed in this paper. This study aimed to (1) identify the less- (or non-) influential factors of the model in order to facilitate model calibration and (2) validate the modelling approach (i.e. to ...
Claes Peter P Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, - - 2014
Human facial diversity is substantial, complex, and largely scientifically unexplained. We used spatially dense quasi-landmarks to measure face shape in population samples with mixed West African and European ancestry from three locations (United States, Brazil, and Cape Verde). Using bootstrapped response-based imputation modeling (BRIM), we uncover the relationships between facial ...
Dadashi Nastaran N a Human Factors Research Group , University of Nottingham , Nottingham , - - 2014
Technological and organisational advances have increased the potential for remote access and proactive monitoring of the infrastructure in various domains and sectors - water and sewage, oil and gas and transport. Intelligent Infrastructure (II) is an architecture that potentially enables the generation of timely and relevant information about the state ...
Pampel Fred C FC University of Colorado, - - 2014
Cross-national studies have found positive relationships of socioeconomic status (SES) with environmental concern at the individual level but have not systematically examined how the relationships may differ across nations. Such comparisons have relevance to identifying the generality of theories of postmaterialism, affluence, and global environmentalism. This study specifies how the ...
Antonovsky Ari - - 2014
This research aimed to identify the most frequently occurring human factors contributing to maintenance-related failures within a petroleum industry organization. Commonality between failures will assist in understanding reliability in maintenance processes, thereby preventing accidents in high-hazard domains. Methods exist for understanding the human factors contributing to accidents. Their application in ...
Johnson Clifford L CL National Center for Health - - 2014
Background Data collection for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) consists of a household screener, an interview, and a physical examination. The screener primarily determines whether any household members are eligible for the interview and examination. Eligibility is established using preset selection probabilities for the desired demographic subdomains. ...
Daftary-Kapur Tarika T Department of Psychology, John Jay College, New York, - - 2014
This paper reports the results of a survey of male and female psychologists with expert witness experience. The survey explored the roles of both expert witness gender and valence of the testimony to provide preliminary empirical data on whether gender in combination with the valence of testimony leads to perceived ...
Chen Wang - - 2014
A directed graph (or digraph) approach is proposed in this paper for identifying all the visual objects commonly presented in the two images under comparison. As a model, the directed graph is superior to the undirected graph, since there are two link weights with opposite orientations associated with each link ...
Lord C C - - 2014
The epidemiology of vector-borne pathogens is determined by mechanisms and interactions at different scales of biological organization, from individual-level cellular processes to community interactions between species and with the environment. Most research, however, focuses on one scale or level with little integration between scales or levels within scales. Understanding the ...
Szczurek Ewa E Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland; SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Basel, - - 2014
In large collections of tumor samples, it has been observed that sets of genes that are commonly involved in the same cancer pathways tend not to occur mutated together in the same patient. Such gene sets form mutually exclusive patterns of gene alterations in cancer genomic data. Computational approaches that ...
Cruchaga Carlos C Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri ; The Hope Center Program on Protein Aggregation and Neurodegeneration (HPAN), Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
The use of cerebrospinal fluid levels of Aβ42 and pTau181 as endophenotypes for genetic studies of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has led to successful identification of both rare and common AD risk variants. In addition, this approach has provided meaningful hypotheses for the biological mechanisms by which known AD risk variants ...
Qesmi Redouane R École Supérieure de Technologie, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, 30000 , Fés, Morocco, - - 2014
An immuno-epidemiological model of pathogen transmission is developed. This model incorporates two main features: (i) the epidemiological model includes within-host pathogen dynamics for an infectious disease, (ii) the susceptible individuals to the infection experience a series of exposures via the pathogen before becoming infectious. It is shown that this model ...
Doron Julie J a Department of Sport and Physical Education Sciences, Laboratory LIRTES (EA 7313) , Paris-East Créteil University , - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether the various factors of coping as measured by the Brief COPE could be integrated into a more parsimonious hierarchical structure. To identify a higher structure for the Brief COPE, several measurement models based on prior theoretical and hierarchical conceptions of coping were tested. First, ...
Yang Hongfei H a Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences , Zhejiang University , People's Republic of - - 2014
We examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Chinese version of the Personal Growth Initiative Scale-II (CPGIS-II) using data from a sample of 927 Chinese university students. Consistent with previous findings, confirmatory factor analyses supported a 4-factor model of the CPGIS-II. Reliability analyses indicated that the 4 CPGIS-II ...
Park Yoo Min - - 2014
This study aims to suggest an approach that integrates multilevel models and eigenvector spatial filtering methods and apply it to a case study of self-rated health status in South Korea. In many previous health-related studies, multilevel models and single-level spatial regression are used separately. However, the two methods should be ...
Sharma Namita Alok NA Anatomy, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Dental College and Hospital , Pune , India - - 2014
Abstract Background: Cheiloscopy is a comparatively recent counterpart to the long established dactyloscopic studies. Ethnic variability of these lip groove patterns has not yet been explored. Aim: This study was a collaborative effort aimed at establishing cheiloscopic variations amongst modern human populations from four geographically and culturally far removed nations: ...
Green Kimberly T KT Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
The present study examined the structural validity of the 25-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a large sample of U.S. veterans with military service since September 11, 2001. Participants (N = 1,981) completed the 25-item CD-RISC, a structured clinical interview and a self-report questionnaire assessing psychiatric symptoms. The study sample ...
Keskitalo E Carina H EC Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
Forest use in Northern Sweden is being influenced both by global trends and local situations. This results in interactions between numerous groups that may impact local forest governance. Social network analysis can here provide insight into the total pattern of positive, negative, and cross-level interactions within user group community structure ...
Primack Brian A BA Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
While the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS-11) has shown promise in assessing dependence on water pipe tobacco smoking (WTS) in Lebanon among adult users, it would be valuable to identify WTS addiction earlier and to explore reliability and validity of these items in other populations. In 2010-2012, we conducted a ...
Ashton Michael C MC 1Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
We review research and theory on the HEXACO personality dimensions of Honesty-Humility (H), Agreeableness (A), and Emotionality (E), with particular attention to the following topics: (1) the origins of the HEXACO model in lexical studies of personality structure, and the content of the H, A, and E factors in those ...
Ventikos Nikolaos P NP Laboratory for Maritime Transport, National Technical University of Athens, - - 2014
This paper reports the results of an analysis of oil spill cost data assembled from a worldwide pollution database that mainly includes data from the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund. The purpose of the study is to analyze the conditions of marine pollution accidents and the factors that impact the ...
Lee Tae-Ho - - 2014
Phylogenetic trees are widely used for genetic and evolutionary studies in various organisms. Advanced sequencing technology has dramatically enriched data available for constructing phylogenetic trees based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, massive SNP data makes it difficult to perform reliable analysis, and there has been no ready-to-use pipeline to ...
Anzai Mariana Caselli MC Laboratório de Micologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT, - - 2014
Little is known about the ecology of agents of cryptococcosis in Mato Grosso, without any data regarding to the sources of both agents in the environment. This study aimed to investigate Cryptococcus gattii and Cryptococcus neoformans associated with decay in tree hollows within the urban area of three different cities ...
Sae-Lim Panya - - 2014
Identifying the relevant environmental variables that cause GxE interaction is often difficult when they cannot be experimentally manipulated. Two statistical approaches can be applied to address this question. When data on candidate environmental variables are available, GxE interaction can be quantified as a function of specific environmental variables using a ...
Herzog Thaddeus A TA University of Hawaii Cancer Center, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Betel quid is the fourth most commonly consumed psychoactive substance in the world. The Betel Quid Dependence Scale (BQDS) is the first instrument designed specifically to measure betel quid dependence. The three factor structure of the BQDS consists of "physical and psychological urgent need," "increasing dose," and "maladaptive use." The ...
Cassey Phillip P School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia, - - 2014
One of the strongest generalities in invasion biology is the positive relationship between probability of establishment and the numbers of individuals introduced. Nevertheless, a number of significant questions remain regarding: (1) the relative importance of different processes during introduction (e.g., demographic, environmental, and genetic stochasticity, and Allee effects); (2) the ...
Wen Zhi Z Novartis, East Hanover, New Jersy, - - 2014
In this article, we first extend the superpopulation capture-recapture model to multiple states (locations or populations) for two age groups., Wen et al., (2011; 2013) developed a new approach combining capture-recapture data with population assignment information to estimate the relative contributions of in situ births and immigrants to the growth ...
Petry Thomas T ToxMinds BVBA, Product Safety & Regulatory Affairs, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Airborne compounds in the indoor environment arise from a wide variety of sources such as environmental tobacco smoke, heating and cooking, construction materials as well as outdoor sources. To understand the contribution of scented candles to the indoor load of airborne substances and particulate matter, candle emission testing was undertaken ...
Sutton Gordon J GJ School of Chemistry, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Horse racing authorities impose a limit on the concentration of plasma 'total carbon dioxide' (TCO2), typically 36 mM with action taken above 37 mM, as measured by an electrochemical gas analyzer. It is of interest to understand the distribution of TCO2 in a 'normal' population of racehorses and determine probabilities of members ...
Rossow Ingeborg I Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research (SIRUS), P.O. Box 565 Sentrum, 0105 Oslo, Norway; National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, - - 2014
To assess the association between heavy episodic drinking (HED) and deliberate self-harm (DSH) in young people in Norway. We analysed data on past year HED and DSH from the second (1994) and third (1999) waves of the Young in Norway Longitudinal Study (cumulative response rate: 68.1%, n = 2681). Associations ...
Shi Xingjie X School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2014
In high-throughput studies, an important objective is to identify gene-environment interactions associated with disease outcomes and phenotypes. Many commonly adopted methods assume specific parametric or semiparametric models, which may be subject to model misspecification. In addition, they usually use significance level as the criterion for selecting important interactions. In this ...
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