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Bland Lucie M LM Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, United Kingdom; Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom. - - 2014
There is little appreciation of the level of extinction risk faced by one-sixth of the over 65,000 species assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Determining the status of these data-deficient (DD) species is essential to developing an accurate picture of global biodiversity and identifying potentially threatened DD ...
Neidhart Johannes J University of - - 2014
Much of the current theory of adaptation is based on Gillespie's mutational landscape model (MLM), which assumes that the fitness values of genotypes linked by single mutational steps are independent random variables. On the other hand, a growing body of empirical evidence shows that real fitness landscapes, while possessing a ...
Su G G Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Various models have been used for genomic prediction. Bayesian variable selection models often predict more accurate genomic breeding values than genomic BLUP (GBLUP), but GBLUP is generally preferred for routine genomic evaluations because of low computational demand. The objective of this study was to achieve the benefits of both models ...
Roshyara Nab - - 2014
BackgroundImputation of partially missing or unobserved genotypes is an indispensable tool for SNP data analyses. However, research and understanding of the impact of initial SNP-data quality control on imputation results is still limited. In this paper, we aim to evaluate the effect of different strategies of pre-imputation quality filtering on ...
Leung Tiana T School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley, Clinical Research Center, 360 Minor Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720, United - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate factors of ethnic, gender, age, and diurnal variation on human corneal epithelial permeability. Methods: Data of corneal epithelial permeability to sodium fluorescein (Pdc) were collected from 374 non-contact lens wearers at various times after awakening throughout the day. Mixed-effect models were developed to investigate the association between ...
Weinberger Joel - - 2014
The dichotomy between what has been termed empirically supported treatments (EST) and common factors (CF) is false and counterproductive. Neither has a monopoly on empirical truth. The term nonspecific is unproductive and misleading. Specified versus nonspecified is more empirically correct. Assumptions of the EST and CF approaches are questionable. Common ...
Molenaar Dylan D University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
We show how the hierarchical model for responses and response times as developed by van der Linden (2007), Fox, Klein Entink, and van der Linden (2007), Klein Entink, Fox, and van der Linden (2009), and Glas and van der Linden (2010) can be simplified to a generalized linear factor model ...
Malhotra Rahul R Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore; Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
To determine the extent of interviewer error on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), the association between interviewer-level variables and SPMSQ score, compare the prevalence of SPMSQ cognitive status categories before and after correction for interviewer error, and identify SPMSQ items prone to interviewer error. Data of 4542 older ...
Umićević Mirkov Maša M Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Pharmacogenetic studies of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have largely relied on the changes in complex disease scores, such as disease activity score 28 (DAS28), as a measure of treatment response. It is expected that genetic architecture of such complex score is heterogeneous ...
Knuiman Matthew W - - 2014
The purpose of the present analysis was to use longitudinal data collected over 7 years (from 4 surveys) in the Residential Environments (RESIDE) Study (Perth, Australia, 2003-2012) to more carefully examine the relationship of neighborhood walkability and destination accessibility with walking for transportation that has been seen in many cross-sectional ...
Dørum Guro G Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway, - - 2014
Allelic dropout in relationship problems may commonly appear in areas such as disaster victim identification and the identification of missing persons. If dropout is not accounted for, the results may be incorrect interpretation of profiles, loss of valuable information and biased results. In this paper, we explore different models for ...
Meng Hong-Hu - - 2014
Given that most species that have ever existed on earth are extinct, it stands to reason that the evolutionary history can be better understood with fossil taxa. Bauhinia is a typical genus of pantropical intercontinental disjunction among the Asian, African, and American continents. Geographic distribution patterns are better recognized when ...
Bouba Fanta F UMI 209, UMMISCO-UCAD, Dakar, Senegal, - - 2014
The Rift Valley fever (RVF), which first appeared in Kenya in 1912, is an anthropozoonosis widespread in tropical areas. In Senegal, it is particularly felt in the Ferlo area where a strong presence of ponds shared by humans, cattle and vectors is noted. As part of the studies carried out ...
Noordhof Arjen A University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, - - 2014
Problems associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) occur frequently in the general population and often co-occur with problems in other domains of psychopathology. In the research presented here these co-occurrence patterns were investigated by integrating a dimensional approach to ASDs into the more general dimensional framework of internalizing and externalizing ...
Dornburg Alex - - 2014
BackgroundDiscordance among individual molecular age estimates, or between molecular age estimates and the fossil record, is observed in many clades across the Tree of Life. This discordance is attributed to a variety of variables including calibration age uncertainty, calibration placement, nucleotide substitution rate heterogeneity, or the specified molecular clock model. ...
Yet Barbaros B School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Complex clinical decisions require the decision maker to evaluate multiple factors that may interact with each other. Many clinical studies, however, report 'univariate' relations between a single factor and outcome. Such univariate statistics are often insufficient to provide useful support for complex clinical decisions even when they are pooled using ...
Daou Hoda - - 2014
A novel technique for Electroencephalogram (EEG) compression is proposed in this article. This technique models the intrinsic dependency inherent between the different EEG channels. It is based on methods borrowed from dipole fitting that is usually used in order to find a solution to the classic problems in EEG analysis: ...
Forutan M M Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, - - 2014
Calf and heifer survival are important traits in dairy cattle affecting profitability. This study was carried out to estimate genetic parameters of survival traits in female calves at different age periods, until nearly the first calving. Records of 49 583 female calves born during 1998 and 2009 were considered in five ...
Ho Paul M PM a Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences , The University of Melbourne , - - 2014
Feelings of pleasure felt in the moment of goal attainment (consummatory pleasure) are thought to be dissociable from feelings of desire connected with the motivated approach of goals (anticipatory pleasure). The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scales (TEPS; Gard, Gard, Kring, & John, 2006) was developed to assess individual differences in ...
Chifman Julia J Department of Cancer Biology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
Increasing attention has been devoted to estimation of species-level phylogenetic relationships under the coalescent model. However, existing methods either use summary statistics (gene trees) to carry out estimation, ignoring an important source of variability in the estimates, or involve computationally-intensive Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms that don't scale well ...
Sara Ceccarelli F F University of Basel, Biogeography Research Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Basel 4056, - - 2014
The Eastern Afromontane Region (EAR) contains numerous endemic species, yet its reptile diversity remains relatively poorly understood. We used molecular data to examine species diversity of the Sub-Saharan chameleon genus Trioceros. In particular, we focus on establishing species boundaries for taxa with disjunct distributions across the fragmented mountains of the ...
Xia Jie J The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, P.R. - - 2014
This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Optimism and Pessimism Scale in a sample of 730 adult Chinese individuals. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the bidimensionality of the scale with two factors, optimism and pessimism. The total scale and optimism and pessimism factors demonstrated satisfactory reliability and validity. ...
Manap Norpadzlihatun N Faculty of Technology Management and Business Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat Johor, Malaysia; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop a risk-based decision-making framework for the selection of sediment dredging option. Descriptions using case studies of the newly integrated, holistic and staged framework were followed. The first stage utilized the historical dredging monitoring data and the contamination level in media data into ...
Gitlin Laura N LN Center for Innovative Care in Aging,Johns Hopkins - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) occur in people with dementia throughout disease course and across etiologies. NPS are associated with significant morbidities and hastened disease processes. Nevertheless, people with dementia are not systematically assessed for NPS in clinical settings. We review existing NPS measures for clinical and/or research purposes, and ...
Ma P P Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark; Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding of the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of including Nordic Holsteins in the reference population on the imputation accuracy and prediction accuracy for Chinese Holsteins. The data used in this study include 85 Chinese Holstein bulls genotyped with both 54K chip and 777K (HD) chip, 2862 Chinese cows genotyped with 54K chip, ...
Kanazawa Satoshi S Department of Management, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, - - 2014
The negative association between intelligence and obesity has been well established, but the direction of causality is unclear. The present review surveys the recent studies on the topic with both cross-sectional and longitudinal data in an attempt to establish causality. Most studies in the area employ cross-sectional data and conclude ...
Thanapongtharm Weerapong - - 2014
BackgroundPorcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has become a worldwide endemic disease of pigs. In 2006, an atypical and more virulent PRRS (HP-PRRS) emerged in China and spread to many countries, including Thailand. This study aimed to provide a first description of the spatio-temporal pattern of PRRS in Thailand and ...
Choi Ji-Hye JH Department of Nutritional Science & Food Management, Ewha Womans - - 2014
The present study cross-culturally investigated the drivers of liking for traditional and ethnic chicken marinades using descriptive analysis and consumer taste test incorporating check-all-that-apply(CATA) method. Seventy three Koreans and 86 US consumers participated. The tested sauces comprised of three tomato based sauces, a teriyaki based sauce, and a Korean spicy ...
Karandashev Victor V Department of Psychology, Aquinas College, 1607 Robinson Road, SE, Academic Building 23 E, Grand Rapids, MI, 49506, USA, - - 2014
Romantic love has been explored by writers for centuries revealing multiple emotions and feelings related to this phenomenon. Scientific efforts to understand love began in the mid-twentieth century and greatly advanced the topic in the past few decades. Several instruments measuring love were developed. They are still, however, limited in ...
Spoorenberg Thomas T a United Nations Statistics - - 2014
The two main data sources for the estimation of total fertility in Mongolia give figures that differ by between one-half and one child per woman. We investigated two possible explanations for these discrepancies: (i) that data on births collected in the vital registration system are incomplete and under-estimate fertility; and ...
Granier Nicolas N Biology Ecology and Evolution, University of Liège, Liege, - - 2014
We investigated nesting behavior of non habituated chimpanzees populating the Nimba Mountains to document their abundance and their criterions of nesting-site selection. During a 19-month study we walked 80 km of transects and recces each month, and recorded 764 nests (mean group size = 2.23 nests) along with characteristics of vegetation structure and ...
Cheng Jie J Department of Statistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
There has been a lot of work fitting Ising models to multivariate binary data in order to understand the conditional dependency relationships between the variables. However, additional covariates are frequently recorded together with the binary data, and may influence the dependence relationships. Motivated by such a dataset on genomic instability ...
Méndez-López María Elena ME Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, - - 2014
In Mexico, biodiversity conservation is primarily implemented through three schemes: 1) protected areas, 2) payment-based schemes for environmental services, and 3) community-based conservation, officially recognized in some cases as Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas. In this paper we compare levels of local participation across conservation schemes. Through a survey applied ...
Gomez Rapson R a School of Health Sciences , University of Ballarat , - - 2014
The Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS; Snyder et al., 1991) is composed of items assessing an individual's perception of his or her agency and pathways. This study examined support for the bifactor structure and relation of the factors in this model with depressive symptoms. It also examined cross-gender measurement invariance for the ...
Woolfenden S S Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Children who are developmentally vulnerable are at risk of a difficult start to school, and ongoing educational challenges which may adversely impact on long term health outcomes. Clinicians, researchers and service providers need a thorough understanding of both risk and protective factors and their complex interplay to understand their impact ...
Rosendal T T Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate associations between genetic distance of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) detected in Ontario swine herds, and the distance between the herds with respect to space, time, ownership and animal sources. PRRSV sequence data between September 2004 and August 2007 were ...
Mathieu Cynthia C Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada - - 2014
The B-Scan 360 is a relatively new, purpose-built measure of corporate psychopathy that addresses many of the issues inherent in studying psychopathy in organizations. The primary goal of the present study was to measure the relationship between employees' perception of psychopathic features in their supervisor and their rating of their ...
Colodro Plaza Joaquín J Delegación de Defensa en la Región de - - 2014
Environmental stressors require the professional diver to undergo a complex process of psychophysiological adaptation in order to overcome the demands of an extreme environment and carry out effective and efficient work under water. The influence of cognitive and personality traits in predicting underwater performance and adaptation has been a common ...
Castillo Isabel I University of Valencia - - 2014
The purpose of this research was to translate into Spanish and examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Controlling Coach Behaviors Scale (CCBS) in male soccer players. The CCBS is a questionnaire designed to assess athletes' perceptions of sports coaches' controlling interpersonal style from the perspective of ...
Khansefid M M Department of Environment and Primary Industries, AgriBio, 5 Ring Road, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia Dairy Futures Cooperative Research Centre (CRC), AgriBio, 5 Ring Road, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia Department of Agriculture and Food Systems, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia - - 2014
Residual feed intake (RFI) is a measure of the efficiency of animals in feed utilization. The accuracies of GEBV for RFI could be improved by increasing the size of the reference population. Combining RFI records of different breeds is a way to do that. The aims of this study were ...
Janss Luc L Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
A joint analysis of FEV1 (forced expiratory volume after one second) and height is reported using novel methodology, as well as a single-trait analysis of smoking status. A first goal of the study was to incorporate dense genetic marker information in a random regression (Bayesian) model to quantify the relative ...
Pollman Curtis D CD Aqua Lux Lucis, Inc., 8411 NW 55th Place, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
While bioaccumulation factors (BAF) - the ratio of biota contaminant concentrations (Cbiota) to aqueous phase contaminant concentrations (Cw) - are useful in evaluating the accumulation of mercury (Hg) and other contaminants for various trophic levels in aquatic ecosystems, reduction of the underlying relationship between Cbiota and Cw to a single ...
Mund Marcus M Institut für Psychologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität - - 2014
Contrary to premises of dynamic transactionism, most studies investigating personality-relationship transaction only found personality effects on relationships but failed to find effects of relationship experiences on personality development. The current study reconsiders this issue in 3 ways. First, alongside the broad Big Five characteristics (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness), ...
Rebaudo Francois F BEI-UR072, IRD, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; LEGS-UPR9034, CNRS-UPSud11, Gif-sur-Yvette, - - 2014
Understanding the mechanisms that influence the population dynamics and spatial genetic structure of the vectors of pathogens infecting humans is a central issue in tropical epidemiology. In view of the rapid changes in the features of landscape pathogen vectors live in, this issue requires new methods that consider both natural ...
Kent Shawn S Florida Center for Reading Research and School of Teacher Education, Florida State - - 2014
In the present study, we examined the influence of kindergarten component skills on writing outcomes, both concurrently and longitudinally to first grade. Using data from 265 students, we investigated a model of writing development including attention regulation along with students' reading, spelling, handwriting fluency, and oral language component skills. Results ...
Saad Mohamad M Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America; Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
In the last two decades, complex traits have become the main focus of genetic studies. The hypothesis that both rare and common variants are associated with complex traits is increasingly being discussed. Family-based association studies using relatively large pedigrees are suitable for both rare and common variant identification. Because of ...
Hsiao Hongwei - - 2014
This article reports new anthropometric information of U.S. firefighters for fire apparatus design applications (Study 1) and presents a data method to assist in firefighter anthropometric data usage for research-to-practice propositions (Study 2). Up-to-date anthropometric information of the U.S. firefighter population is needed for updating ergonomic and safety specifications for ...
Lovely C Ben CB Department of Molecular Biosciences, Waggoner Center for Alcohol & Addiction Research, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, - - 2014
Due to its profound impact on human development, ethanol (EtOH) teratogenicity is a field of intense study. The complexity of variables that influence the outcomes of embryonic or prenatal EtOH exposure compels the use of animal models in which these variables can be isolated. Numerous model systems have been used ...
Ambrosi Priscilla P Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Morphogenetic gradients are essential to allocate cell fates in embryos of varying sizes within and across closely related species. We previously showed that the maternal NF-κB/Dorsal (Dl) gradient has acquired different shapes in Drosophila species, which result in unequally scaled germ layers along the dorso-ventral axis and the repositioning of ...
Kuchta Roman - - 2014
Tapeworms of the order Spathebothriidea Wardle et McLeod, 1952 (Cestoda) are reviewed. Molecular data made it possible to assess, for the first time, the phylogenetic relationships of all genera and to confirm the validity of Bothrimonus Duvernoy, 1842, Diplocotyle Krabbe, 1874 and Didymobothrium Nybelin, 1922. A survey of all species ...
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