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Sara Ceccarelli F F University of Basel, Biogeography Research Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Basel 4056, - - 2014
The Eastern Afromontane Region (EAR) contains numerous endemic species, yet its reptile diversity remains relatively poorly understood. We used molecular data to examine species diversity of the Sub-Saharan chameleon genus Trioceros. In particular, we focus on establishing species boundaries for taxa with disjunct distributions across the fragmented mountains of the ...
Xia Jie J The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, P.R. - - 2014
This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Optimism and Pessimism Scale in a sample of 730 adult Chinese individuals. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the bidimensionality of the scale with two factors, optimism and pessimism. The total scale and optimism and pessimism factors demonstrated satisfactory reliability and validity. ...
Manap Norpadzlihatun N Faculty of Technology Management and Business Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat Johor, Malaysia; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop a risk-based decision-making framework for the selection of sediment dredging option. Descriptions using case studies of the newly integrated, holistic and staged framework were followed. The first stage utilized the historical dredging monitoring data and the contamination level in media data into ...
Gitlin Laura N LN Center for Innovative Care in Aging,Johns Hopkins - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) occur in people with dementia throughout disease course and across etiologies. NPS are associated with significant morbidities and hastened disease processes. Nevertheless, people with dementia are not systematically assessed for NPS in clinical settings. We review existing NPS measures for clinical and/or research purposes, and ...
Ma P P Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark; Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding of the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of including Nordic Holsteins in the reference population on the imputation accuracy and prediction accuracy for Chinese Holsteins. The data used in this study include 85 Chinese Holstein bulls genotyped with both 54K chip and 777K (HD) chip, 2862 Chinese cows genotyped with 54K chip, ...
Kanazawa Satoshi S Department of Management, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, - - 2014
The negative association between intelligence and obesity has been well established, but the direction of causality is unclear. The present review surveys the recent studies on the topic with both cross-sectional and longitudinal data in an attempt to establish causality. Most studies in the area employ cross-sectional data and conclude ...
Thanapongtharm Weerapong - - 2014
BackgroundPorcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has become a worldwide endemic disease of pigs. In 2006, an atypical and more virulent PRRS (HP-PRRS) emerged in China and spread to many countries, including Thailand. This study aimed to provide a first description of the spatio-temporal pattern of PRRS in Thailand and ...
Choi Ji-Hye JH Department of Nutritional Science & Food Management, Ewha Womans - - 2014
The present study cross-culturally investigated the drivers of liking for traditional and ethnic chicken marinades using descriptive analysis and consumer taste test incorporating check-all-that-apply(CATA) method. Seventy three Koreans and 86 US consumers participated. The tested sauces comprised of three tomato based sauces, a teriyaki based sauce, and a Korean spicy ...
Karandashev Victor V Department of Psychology, Aquinas College, 1607 Robinson Road, SE, Academic Building 23 E, Grand Rapids, MI, 49506, USA, - - 2014
Romantic love has been explored by writers for centuries revealing multiple emotions and feelings related to this phenomenon. Scientific efforts to understand love began in the mid-twentieth century and greatly advanced the topic in the past few decades. Several instruments measuring love were developed. They are still, however, limited in ...
Spoorenberg Thomas T a United Nations Statistics - - 2014
The two main data sources for the estimation of total fertility in Mongolia give figures that differ by between one-half and one child per woman. We investigated two possible explanations for these discrepancies: (i) that data on births collected in the vital registration system are incomplete and under-estimate fertility; and ...
Granier Nicolas N Biology Ecology and Evolution, University of Liège, Liege, - - 2014
We investigated nesting behavior of non habituated chimpanzees populating the Nimba Mountains to document their abundance and their criterions of nesting-site selection. During a 19-month study we walked 80 km of transects and recces each month, and recorded 764 nests (mean group size = 2.23 nests) along with characteristics of vegetation structure and ...
Cheng Jie J Department of Statistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
There has been a lot of work fitting Ising models to multivariate binary data in order to understand the conditional dependency relationships between the variables. However, additional covariates are frequently recorded together with the binary data, and may influence the dependence relationships. Motivated by such a dataset on genomic instability ...
Méndez-López María Elena ME Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, - - 2014
In Mexico, biodiversity conservation is primarily implemented through three schemes: 1) protected areas, 2) payment-based schemes for environmental services, and 3) community-based conservation, officially recognized in some cases as Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas. In this paper we compare levels of local participation across conservation schemes. Through a survey applied ...
Gomez Rapson R a School of Health Sciences , University of Ballarat , - - 2014
The Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS; Snyder et al., 1991) is composed of items assessing an individual's perception of his or her agency and pathways. This study examined support for the bifactor structure and relation of the factors in this model with depressive symptoms. It also examined cross-gender measurement invariance for the ...
Woolfenden S S Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Children who are developmentally vulnerable are at risk of a difficult start to school, and ongoing educational challenges which may adversely impact on long term health outcomes. Clinicians, researchers and service providers need a thorough understanding of both risk and protective factors and their complex interplay to understand their impact ...
Rosendal T T Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate associations between genetic distance of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) detected in Ontario swine herds, and the distance between the herds with respect to space, time, ownership and animal sources. PRRSV sequence data between September 2004 and August 2007 were ...
Mathieu Cynthia C Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada - - 2014
The B-Scan 360 is a relatively new, purpose-built measure of corporate psychopathy that addresses many of the issues inherent in studying psychopathy in organizations. The primary goal of the present study was to measure the relationship between employees' perception of psychopathic features in their supervisor and their rating of their ...
Colodro Plaza Joaquín J Delegación de Defensa en la Región de - - 2014
Environmental stressors require the professional diver to undergo a complex process of psychophysiological adaptation in order to overcome the demands of an extreme environment and carry out effective and efficient work under water. The influence of cognitive and personality traits in predicting underwater performance and adaptation has been a common ...
Castillo Isabel I University of Valencia - - 2014
The purpose of this research was to translate into Spanish and examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Controlling Coach Behaviors Scale (CCBS) in male soccer players. The CCBS is a questionnaire designed to assess athletes' perceptions of sports coaches' controlling interpersonal style from the perspective of ...
Khansefid M M Department of Environment and Primary Industries, AgriBio, 5 Ring Road, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia Dairy Futures Cooperative Research Centre (CRC), AgriBio, 5 Ring Road, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia Department of Agriculture and Food Systems, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia - - 2014
Residual feed intake (RFI) is a measure of the efficiency of animals in feed utilization. The accuracies of GEBV for RFI could be improved by increasing the size of the reference population. Combining RFI records of different breeds is a way to do that. The aims of this study were ...
Janss Luc L Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
A joint analysis of FEV1 (forced expiratory volume after one second) and height is reported using novel methodology, as well as a single-trait analysis of smoking status. A first goal of the study was to incorporate dense genetic marker information in a random regression (Bayesian) model to quantify the relative ...
Pollman Curtis D CD Aqua Lux Lucis, Inc., 8411 NW 55th Place, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
While bioaccumulation factors (BAF) - the ratio of biota contaminant concentrations (Cbiota) to aqueous phase contaminant concentrations (Cw) - are useful in evaluating the accumulation of mercury (Hg) and other contaminants for various trophic levels in aquatic ecosystems, reduction of the underlying relationship between Cbiota and Cw to a single ...
Mund Marcus M Institut für Psychologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität - - 2014
Contrary to premises of dynamic transactionism, most studies investigating personality-relationship transaction only found personality effects on relationships but failed to find effects of relationship experiences on personality development. The current study reconsiders this issue in 3 ways. First, alongside the broad Big Five characteristics (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness), ...
Rebaudo Francois F BEI-UR072, IRD, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; LEGS-UPR9034, CNRS-UPSud11, Gif-sur-Yvette, - - 2014
Understanding the mechanisms that influence the population dynamics and spatial genetic structure of the vectors of pathogens infecting humans is a central issue in tropical epidemiology. In view of the rapid changes in the features of landscape pathogen vectors live in, this issue requires new methods that consider both natural ...
Kent Shawn S Florida Center for Reading Research and School of Teacher Education, Florida State - - 2014
In the present study, we examined the influence of kindergarten component skills on writing outcomes, both concurrently and longitudinally to first grade. Using data from 265 students, we investigated a model of writing development including attention regulation along with students' reading, spelling, handwriting fluency, and oral language component skills. Results ...
Saad Mohamad M Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America; Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
In the last two decades, complex traits have become the main focus of genetic studies. The hypothesis that both rare and common variants are associated with complex traits is increasingly being discussed. Family-based association studies using relatively large pedigrees are suitable for both rare and common variant identification. Because of ...
Hsiao Hongwei - - 2014
This article reports new anthropometric information of U.S. firefighters for fire apparatus design applications (Study 1) and presents a data method to assist in firefighter anthropometric data usage for research-to-practice propositions (Study 2). Up-to-date anthropometric information of the U.S. firefighter population is needed for updating ergonomic and safety specifications for ...
Scarselli Alberto - - 2014
Background: Crystalline silica is a human carcinogen and its use is widespread among construction, mining, foundries, and other manufacturing industries. Purpose: To evaluate occupational exposure to crystalline silica in Italy. Methods: Data were collected from exposure registries and descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables. The number of potentially exposed ...
Burns Carol J CJ The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, - - 2014
There is a recognized need to improve the application of epidemiologic data in human health risk assessment especially for understanding and characterizing risks from environmental and occupational exposures. While there is uncertainty associated with the results of most epidemiologic studies, techniques exist to characterize uncertainty that can be applied to ...
Zydlewski J J U.S. Geological Survey, Maine Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 5755 Nutting Hall, Orono, ME 04469-5755, U.S.A.; Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, - - 2014
Gill Na(+) , K(+) -ATPase activity, condition factor and seawater (SW) challenges were used to assess the development of smolt characteristics in a cohort of hatchery coastal cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii from the Cowlitz River in Washington State, U.S.A. Gill Na(+) , K(+) -ATPase activity increased slightly in the ...
Fujita Goro G National Research Institute of Police Science, 6-3-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba-ken 277-0882, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
In Japan, where pedestrian deaths account for a third of road traffic fatalities, 7.4% of victims die from hit-and-run accidents. To identify determinants for drivers considering leaving an accident scene after hitting a pedestrian, environment-related, driver-related, and pedestrian-related factors were examined using Japanese national police data. Results generally confirmed the ...
Westneat David F DF Department of Biology, Center for Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Kentucky, 101 Morgan Building, Lexington, KY, 40506-0225, - - 2014
Phenotypes vary hierarchically among taxa and populations, among genotypes within populations, among individuals within genotypes, and also within individuals for repeatedly expressed, labile phenotypic traits. This hierarchy produces some fundamental challenges to clearly defining biological phenomena and constructing a consistent explanatory framework. We use a heuristic statistical model to explore ...
Arbizu Carlos C U. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Vegetable Crops Research Unit; and Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1590 - - 2014
• Premise of the study: We explored the utility of multiple nuclear orthologs for the taxonomic resolution of wild and cultivated carrot, Daucus species.• Methods: We studied the phylogeny of 92 accessions of 13 species and two subspecies of Daucus and 15 accessions of related genera (107 accessions total) with ...
Yang Ming - - 2014
In differential evolution (DE) studies, there are many parameter adaptation methods, aiming at tuning the mutation factor F and the crossover probability CR . However, these methods still cannot resolve the issues of population premature convergence and population stagnation. To address these issues, in this paper, we investigate the population ...
Kang Guolian G Department of Biostatistics and Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tenn., - - 2014
We propose in this paper a set-valued (SV) system model, which is a generalized form of logistic (LG) and Probit (Probit) regression, to be considered as a method for discovering genetic variants, especially rare genetic variants in next-generation sequencing studies, for a binary phenotype. We propose a new SV system ...
Pirooznia Mehdi - - 2014
The processing and analysis of the large scale data generated by next-generation sequencing (NGS) experiments is challenging and is a burgeoning area of new methods development. Several new bioinformatics tools have been developed for calling sequence variants from NGS data. Here, we validate the variant calling of these tools and ...
Grube Martin M Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University, Graz, - - 2014
Symbioses represent a frequent and successful lifestyle on earth and lichens are one of their classic examples. Recently, bacterial communities were identified as stable, specific and structurally integrated partners of the lichen symbiosis, but their role has remained largely elusive in comparison to the well-known functions of the fungal and ...
Wen Xuesong X 1 Interdepartmental Microbiology Program, Iowa State University , Ames, - - 2014
Abstract Translocation of foodborne pathogens into the interior tissues of pork through moisture enhancement may be of concern if the meat is undercooked. In the present study, a five-strain mixture of Campylobacter jejuni or Salmonella enterica Typhimurium was evenly spread on the surface of fresh pork loins. Pork loins were ...
Han Jia J 1 Key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education Shanghai University of - - 2014
Summary.-There may be a higher-order processing system (or general proprioceptive ability) which receives inputs from various proprioceptive sources across different body areas. In general, Tremblay's (2013 ) criticisms are overly based on peripheral proprioceptors, and do not represent alternative interpretations or the data generated by studies evaluating those interpretations.
Choi Sungkyoung S Interdisciplinary Program in bioinformatics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea Institute for Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Bonn Germany, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 4Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, Center for Genomic Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Institute for Genomic Mathematics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Bonn, Germany, Department of Statistics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, Department of Public Health Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Individuals in each family are genetically more homogeneous than unrelated individuals, and family-based designs are often recommended for the analysis of rare variants. However, despite the importance of family-based samples analysis, few statistical methods for rare variant association analysis are available. In this report, we propose a FAmily-based Rare Variant ...
Ristau Tina T University of Cologne, Cologne, 50924, - - 2014
Purpose: To create a risk model for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) based on non-genetic factors. Methods: In this case-control study, 1459 individuals were included, 445 patients showed nAMD and 1014 were healthy controls. Participants were randomly assigned into a training set (containing 2/3 of individuals) and a validation set. ...
Ivanova Kremena K National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Building 7, 3 Sv. Georgi Sofiyski St., Sofia 1606, Bulgaria - - 2014
As a part of the systematic survey of indoor radon in Bulgaria, the indoor radon concentration was measured in 296 kindergarten buildings of Sofia city during 3 months (February to April 2013) using the CR-39 nuclear tract detectors. In 256 buildings at least two frequently occupied rooms (mainly playrooms) were ...
Fehr Alexandra E AE Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Atlanta, - - 2014
Federal regulations permitting an exception from informed consent for research in emergency settings require community consultation before study approval. Rates of acceptance of exception from informed consent in community consultation are often reported, but predictors of acceptance are not well understood, and investigators and institutional review boards struggle to interpret ...
Adolfsen Frode F Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, - - 2014
Early drinking onset is associated with different psychosocial adjustment problems among adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess determinants associated with early drinking and to identify factors predicting early drinking onset among adolescents. The study included 1,550 eighth-graders with a mean age of 13.5 years from 41 schools. A ...
Lal Pranay P International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - South-East Asia Office, New Delhi, India - - 2014
The Global Adult Tobacco Survey, or GATS, has proved to be an invaluable tool for policymakers. In India, it highlighted the alarming rates of prevalence of use and risks both nationally and at state level. However, a rapid analysis of GATS-India shows that there are limitations in methods (sampling, questionnaire, ...
Henderson Heather A HA Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an early-appearing temperament characterized by strong reactions to novelty. BI shows a good deal of stability over childhood and significantly increases the risk for later diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Despite these general patterns, many children with high BI do not go on to develop ...
Sun Guibo - - 2014
Previous studies testing the association between the built environment and walking behavior have been largely cross-sectional and have yielded mixed results. This study reports on a natural experiment in which changes to the built environment were implemented at a university campus in Hong Kong. Longitudinal data on walking behaviors were ...
Liu Jing - - 2014
Multiview representations reveal the fundamental attributes of the studied instances from different perspectives. Some common perspectives are reviewed by multiple views simultaneously, while some specific ones are reflected by individual views. That is, there are two kinds of properties embedded in the multiview data: 1) consistency and 2) complementarity. Different ...
Sharov Alexei A AA National Institute on Aging, Genetics Laboratory, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2014
In the era of the extended evolutionary synthesis, which no longer considers natural selection as the only leading factor of evolution, it is meaningful to revisit the legacy of biologists who discussed the role of alternative factors. Here we analyze the evolutionary views of Sergei Meyen (1935-1987), a paleobotanist who ...
Neave Penny E - - 2014
In the UK, the majority of imported malaria infections occur in the London area among UK residents of African origin who travel to Africa visiting friends and relatives (VFRs). Effective malaria prevention measures are available but there is little understanding of the factors that enhance and constrain their use among ...
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