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Yang Kun K Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Parasitic Disease Control and Prevention (Ministry of Health), Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Parasite Molecular Biology, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
China has made remarkable progress in schistosomiasis control over the past decades. Transmission control has replaced morbidity control as the country moves towards the goal of elimination and the current challenge is to find a sensitive measure capable of gauging transmission risk in low-prevalence areas. The study aims to develop ...
Grujić Jelena J 1] Complexity & Networks Group and Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, SW7 2AZ, London, UK [2] Grupo Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos (GISC), Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avenida de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganés, Madrid, - - 2014
We have carried out a comparative analysis of data collected in three experiments on Prisoner's Dilemmas on lattices available in the literature. We focus on the different ways in which the behavior of human subjects can be interpreted, in order to empirically narrow down the possibilities for behavioral rules. Among ...
Thompson Debbe D - - 2014
Physical activity decreases from childhood through adulthood. Among youth, teenagers (teens) achieve the lowest levels of physical activity, and high school age youth are particularly at risk of inactivity. Effective methods are needed to increase youth physical activity in a way that can be maintained through adulthood. Because teens text ...
Cheng Fang-Yu FY Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Many studies indicate that more than 50% of people with PD have difficulty in turning that may lead to falls during daily activities. The aims of this study were to identify the relationship between turning performance and falls, and ...
Lin Chun-Wei CW 0000-0001-8768-9709 Innovative Information Industry Research Center, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China ; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Internet Information Collaboration, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, - - 2014
A GA-based privacy preserving utility mining method is proposed to find appropriate transactions to be inserted into the database for hiding sensitive high utility itemsets. It maintains the low information loss while providing information to the data demanders and protects the high-risk information in the database. A flexible evaluation function ...
Kim Su-Young SY Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Center of Alcohol Studies, 607 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, Cell) 608 - 334 - - - 2014
Stage-sequential (or multiphase) growth mixture models are useful for delineating potentially different growth processes across multiple phases over time and for determining whether latent subgroups exist within a population. These models are increasingly important as social behavioral scientists are interested in better understanding change processes across distinctively different phases, such ...
Di Marco Moreno M Global Mammal Assessment Program, Department of Biology and Biotechnologies, Sapienza Università di Roma, , Viale dell' Università 32, 00185 Rome, - - 2014
Although conservation intervention has reversed the decline of some species, our success is outweighed by a much larger number of species moving towards extinction. Extinction risk modelling can identify correlates of risk and species not yet recognized to be threatened. Here, we use machine learning models to identify correlates of ...
Zhao Xing X West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. - - 2014
It is valuable to study the spatiotemporal pattern of Japanese encephalitis (JE) and its association with the contextual risk factors in southwest China, which is the most endemic area in China. Using data from 2004 to 2009, we applied GISmapping and spatial autocorrelation analysis to analyze reported incidence data of ...
Cui Song S School of Agribusiness and Agriscience, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
Biological prediction of transcription factor binding sites and their corresponding transcription factor target genes (TFTGs) makes great contribution to understanding the gene regulatory networks. However, these approaches are based on laborious and time-consuming biological experiments. Numerous computational approaches have shown great potential to circumvent laborious biological methods. However, the majority ...
Lin Wan-Yu WY Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Biological evidence suggests that multiple causal variants in a gene may cluster physically. Variants within the same protein functional domain or gene regulatory element would locate in close proximity on the DNA sequence. However, spatial information of variants is usually not used in current rare variant association analyses. We here ...
Du Xindong X School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China. - - 2014
Scientific interpretation of the mechanism of land use change is important for government planning and management activities. This study analyzes the land use change in Jiangsu Province using three land use maps of 2000, 2005 and 2008. The study results show that there was a significant change in land use. ...
Thomas Stephanie Margarete SM Department of Biogeography, University of Bayreuth, Universitaetsstrasse 30, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany. - - 2014
During the last decades the disease vector Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has rapidly spread around the globe. Global shipment of goods contributes to its permanent introduction. Invaded regions are facing novel and serious public health concerns, especially regarding the transmission of formerly non-endemic arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya. ...
Carroll Rachel R Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2014
In this study of autoimmunity among a population of Gullah African Americans in South Carolina, the links between environmental exposures and autoimmunity (presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA)) have been assessed. The study population included patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 10), their first degree relatives (n = 61), and ...
Namazi-Rad Mohammad-Reza MR SMART Infrastructure Facility, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
Generating a reliable computer-simulated synthetic population is necessary for knowledge processing and decision-making analysis in agent-based systems in order to measure, interpret and describe each target area and the human activity patterns within it. In this paper, both synthetic reconstruction (SR) and combinatorial optimisation (CO) techniques are discussed for generating ...
Reichenheim Michael M Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine (IMS), State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Tonic Immobility is a temporary state of motor inhibition in situations involving extreme fear. The first scale developed for its assessment was the 10-item Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS). However, there are still few studies on its structural (dimensional) validity. The objective of this study was to reassess the factor structure ...
Overstall Antony M AM School of Mathematics & Statistics, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9SS, United - - 2014
A default prior distribution is proposed for the Bayesian analysis of contingency tables. The prior is specified to allow for dependence between levels of the factors. Different dependence structures are considered, including conditional autoregressive and distance correlation structures. To demonstrate the prior distribution, a dataset is considered which involves estimating ...
Lei Yongdeng Y State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, No.19, Xinjiekouwai Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100875, - - 2013
Globally, more people and assets are concentrated on the limited coastal plains where they are exposed to frequent disasters, such as typhoons, rainstorms, and floods that often result in tremendous casualties and economic losses. Based on the causal analysis of the historical typhoon cases in the Guangdong Province of China, ...
Imran Mudassar M Lahore University of Management Sciences, Sector U DHA, Lahore, Pakistan, - - 2013
In this paper, we present a rigorous mathematical analysis of a deterministic model for the transmission dynamics of hepatitis C. The model is suitable for populations where two frequent modes of transmission of hepatitis C virus, namely unsafe blood transfusions and intravenous drug use, are dominant. The susceptible population is ...
Gazave Elodie E Departments of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology and Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY - - 2013
Human populations have experienced dramatic growth since the Neolithic revolution. Recent studies that sequenced a very large number of individuals observed an extreme excess of rare variants and provided clear evidence of recent rapid growth in effective population size, although estimates have varied greatly among studies. All these studies were ...
Demetrashvili Nino - - 2013
Many QTL studies have two common features: (1) often there is missing marker information, (2) among many markers involved in the biological process only a few are causal. In statistics, the second issue falls under the headings "sparsity" and "causal inference". The goal of this work is to develop a ...
Belushkin M M Philip Morris International R&D, Philip Morris Products S.A., Rue des Usines 90, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2013
A wealth of in vitro toxicological information on different types of tobaccos and tobacco products has been acquired and published, although the link between in vitro data and impact on human health remains elusive. The present study investigates the possibility of establishing quantitative models for the in vitro toxicological endpoint ...
Baldissera Sandro S National Centre of Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion, National Institute of Public Health, Rome, - - 2013
Field substitution of nonrespondents can be used to maintain the planned sample size and structure in surveys but may introduce additional bias. Sample weighting is suggested as the preferable alternative; however, limited empirical evidence exists comparing the two methods. We wanted to assess the impact of substitution on surveillance results ...
Chen Yu Y Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United - - 2014
Injury resulting from motor vehicle crashes is the leading cause of death among teenagers in the US. Few programs or policies have been found to be effective in reducing the risk of fatal car crashes for young novice drivers. One effective policy that has been widely implemented is Graduated Driver ...
Lawrence David W DW *Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; †David L. MacIntosh Sport Medicine Clinic, Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; ‡Division of Neurosurgery, Injury Prevention Research Office, Keenan Research Centre, St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; and §University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
Interrater agreement evaluation of a tool to document and code the situational factors and mechanisms of knockouts (KOs) and technical knockouts (TKOs) in mixed martial arts (MMA). Retrospective case series. Professional MMA matches from the Ultimate Fighting Championship-2006-2012. Two nonmedically trained independent raters. The MMA Knockout Tool (MMA-KT) consists of ...
He Yangcheng Y MOE-Microsoft Laboratory for Intelligent Computing and Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2013
Concept factorization (CF) is a variant of non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). In CF, each concept is represented by a linear combination of data points, and each data point is represented by a linear combination of concepts. More specifically, each concept is represented by more than one data point with different ...
Camacho Guillermo A - - 2013
The information of electromyographic signals can be used by Myoelectric Control Systems (MCSs) to actuate prostheses. These devices allow the performing of movements that cannot be carried out by persons with amputated limbs. The state of the art in the development of MCSs is based on the use of individual ...
Tierney Laura T LT Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
In intensive care, occupancy is a commonly used measure. There is inconsistency however in its measurement and optimal occupancy targets need to be defined. The objectives of this literature review were to explore how occupancy is measured, reported, and interpreted and investigate optimal occupancy levels for ICUs. A literature search ...
Nielsen Martin Reinhardt MR Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 23, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark; Centre for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2013
Regulation of illegal bushmeat trade is a major conservation challenge in Africa. We investigated what factors are most likely to induce actors in the bushmeat trade to shift to an alternative occupation by conducting a choice experiment with 325 actors in the bushmeat trade in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. Specifically, ...
Cope R C RC School of Biological Science, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, 4072, - - 2013
For wildlife populations it is often difficult to determine biological parameters that indicate breeding patterns and population mixing, but knowledge of these parameters is essential for effective management. A pedigree encodes the relationship between individuals, and can provide insight into the dynamics of a population over its recent history. Here, ...
Hartman Rosemary R Graduate Group in Ecology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, U.S.A.. - - 2013
Habitat characteristics mediate predator-prey coexistence in many ecological systems but are seldom considered in species introductions. When economically important introduced predators are stocked despite known negative impacts on native species, understanding the role of refuges, landscape configurations, and community interactions can inform habitat management plans. We measured these factors in ...
Eserman Lauren A LA Plant Biology Department, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 - - 2013
Morning glories are an emerging model system, and resolving phylogenetic relationships is critical for understanding their evolution. Phylogenetic studies demonstrated that the largest morning glory genus, Ipomoea, is not monophyletic, and nine other genera are derived from within Ipomoea. Therefore, systematic research is focused on the monophyletic tribe Ipomoeeae (ca. ...
Nakano Yoshio Y Department of Chemistry, Nihon University School of Dentistry, 1-8-13 Kanda-Surugadai, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 101-8310, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study presents an effective method of classifying oral malodor from oral microbiota in saliva by using a support vector machine (SVM), an artificial neural network (ANN), and a decision tree. This approach uses concentrations of methyl mercaptan in mouth air as an indicator of oral malodor, and peak areas ...
Zhao Zeng-Hui ZH State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control Cofounded by Shandong Province and the Ministry of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266590, China ; College of Civil Engineering of Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266590, - - 2013
According to the geological characteristics of Xinjiang Ili mine in western area of China, a physical model of interstratified strata composed of soft rock and hard coal seam was established. Selecting the tunnel position, deformation modulus, and strength parameters of each layer as influencing factors, the sensitivity coefficient of roadway ...
Norwalk Kate E KE Department of Educational and School Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite growing interest in early intervention, there are few measures available to monitor the progress of early academic skills in preschoolers. The Early Arithmetic, Reading, and Learning Indicators (EARLI; DiPerna, Morgan, & Lei, 2007) were developed as brief assessments of critical early literacy and numeracy skills. The purpose of the ...
Caley Michael Julian MJ Australian Institute of Marine Science PMB 3, Townsville, Qld, 4810, - - 2014
Expert knowledge is a valuable source of information with a wide range of research applications. Despite the recent advances in defining expert knowledge, little attention has been given to how to view expertise as a system of interacting contributory factors for quantifying an individual's expertise. We present a systems approach ...
Eager Eric Alan EA Mathematics Department, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, 1020 Cowley Hall, 1725 State Street, La Crosse, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sink populations are doomed to decline to extinction in the absence of immigration. The dynamics of sink populations are not easily modelled using the standard framework of per capita rates of immigration, because numbers of immigrants are determined by extrinsic sources (for example, source populations, or population managers). Here we ...
Moulard Odilie O Oncology-Global Evidence and Value Development, Medical Affairs, Sanofi, Cambridge, MA, - - 2013
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and polycythemia vera (PV) are BCR ABL negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Published epidemiology data are scarce and multiple sources are needed in order to assess the disease burden. We assembled the most recent information available on the incidence and prevalence of MF, ET and ...
Tatinati Sivanagaraja S School of Electronics Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of - - 2013
We propose a hybrid method for forecasting the wind speed. The wind speed data is first decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) with empirical mode decomposition. Based on the partial autocorrelation factor of the individual IMFs, adaptive methods are then employed for the prediction of IMFs. Least squares-support vector machines ...
Huang Kang K Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China of Ministry of Education, and College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, ShaanXi, 710069, - - 2013
Studies in genetics and ecology often require estimates of relatedness coefficients based on genetic marker data. Many diploid estimators have been developed using either method-of-moments or maximum-likelihood estimates. However, there are no relatedness estimators for polyploids. The development of a moment estimator for polyploids with polysomic inheritance, which simultaneously incorporates ...
Walsh Ian I Department of Biology, University of Padua, Viale G. Colombo 3, 35131, Padua, Italy, - - 2013
Post-translational modification of protein lysines was recently shown to be a common feature of eukaryotic organisms. The ubiquitin modification is regarded as a versatile regulatory mechanism with many important cellular roles. Large-scale datasets are becoming available for H. sapiens ubiquitination. However, using current experimental techniques the vast majority of their ...
Estabrook Ryne - - 2013
While measurement evaluation has been embraced as an important step in psychological research, evaluating measurement structures with longitudinal data is fraught with limitations. This article defines and tests a measurement model of derivatives (MMOD), which is designed to assess the measurement structure of latent constructs both for analyses of between-person ...
Gunasekara Fiona Imlach FI Health Inequalities Research Programme, Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New - - 2013
The analysis of repeated measures or panel data allows control of some of the biases which plague other observational studies, particularly unmeasured confounding. When this bias is suspected, and the research question is: 'Does a change in an exposure cause a change in the outcome?', a fixed effects approach can ...
Rojas Stephanie L - - 2013
The current study tests the convergent and discriminant validity of a modified version of the Five Factor Model Rating Form (FFMRF), a one-page, brief measure of the five-factor model. The Five Factor Form (FFF) explicitly identifies maladaptive variants for both poles of each of the 30 facets of the FFMRF. ...
Falkenbach Diana M - - 2013
Psychopathy is a personality construct typically related to deficits in interpersonal and affective functioning and antisocial behavior. Currently, the majority of research focuses on the omnibus construct of psychopathy as it applies to criminal populations. However, theories of psychopathy and empirical evidence suggest that there may be different variants of ...
Layeghifard Mehdi - - 2013
The advent of molecular biology techniques and constant increase in availability of genetic material have triggered the development of many phylogenetic tree inference methods. However, several reticulate evolution processes, such as horizontal gene transfer and hybridization, have been shown to blur the species evolutionary history by causing discordance among phylogenies ...
Zhang Qiuwen Q College of Hydropower and Information Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China ; School of Municipal and Geomatics Engineering, Hunan City University, Yiyang 413000, - - 2013
Groundwater contamination is a serious threat to water supply. Risk assessment of groundwater contamination is an effective way to protect the safety of groundwater resource. Groundwater is a complex and fuzzy system with many uncertainties, which is impacted by different geological and hydrological factors. In order to deal with the ...
Putnam Patrick P - - 2013
In recent years genetic data analysis has seen a rapid increase in the scale of data to be analyzed. Schadt et al [1] offered that with data sets approaching the petabyte scale, data related challenges such as formatting, management, and transfer are increasingly important topics which need to be addressed. ...
Lichev Vladimir V Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties and relations between two different methods of measuring alexithymia and one measure of emotional awareness in a German non-clinical sample. The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia (TSIA), and the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale ...
Chang Lun-Ching - - 2013
As high-throughput genomic technologies become accurate and affordable, an increasing number of data sets have been accumulated in the public domain and genomic information integration and meta-analysis have become routine in biomedical research. In this paper, we focus on microarray meta-analysis, where multiple microarray studies with relevant biological hypotheses are ...
Hu Yu Y Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA and Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Correctly estimating isoform-specific gene expression is important for understanding complicated biological mechanisms and for mapping disease susceptibility genes. However, estimating isoform-specific gene expression is challenging because various biases present in RNA-Seq (RNA sequencing) data complicate the analysis, and if not appropriately corrected, can affect isoform expression estimation and downstream analysis. ...
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