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Agrillo Christian C Department of General Psychology, University of Padova. Electronic address: - - 2014
A large body of experimental evidence shows that animals as diverse as mammals, birds, and fish are capable of processing numerical information. Considerable differences have been reported in some cases among species and a wide debate currently surrounds the issue of whether all vertebrates share the same numerical systems or ...
Garmon Bibb Sandra C SC Graduate School of Nursing, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
This article reports the results of an evaluation of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) as a potential "index model" for the assessment of Total Force Fitness (TFF) in military personnel. The evaluation was conducted using descriptive categories developed by Firth and Smith for appraisal of potential TFF index ...
Law Jennifer J From the NASA Johnson Space Center (Dr Law, Ms Van Baalen, Dr Meyers, and Dr Alexander), Wyle Science, Technology and Engineering (Drs Foy and Wear), and MEI Technologies (Mrs Mason and Ms Mendez), Houston, - - 2014
Because of anecdotal reports of CO2-related symptoms onboard the International Space Station (ISS), the relationship between CO2 and in-flight headaches was analyzed. Headache reports and CO2 measurements were obtained, and arithmetic means and single-point maxima were determined for 24-hour and 7-day periods. Multiple imputation addressed missing data, and logistic regression ...
Xu Hai-Yan HY Institute of High Performance Computing, - - 2014
Weather factors are widely studied for their effects on indicating dengue incidence trends. However, these studies have been limited due to the complex epidemiology of dengue, which involves dynamic interplay of multiple factors such as herd immunity within a population, distinct serotypes of the virus, environmental factors and intervention programs. ...
Dolan Conor V CV Department of Biological Psychology, FPP, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
We considered identification of phenotype (at occasion t) to environment (at occasion t + 1) transmission in longitudinal model comprising genetic, common and unique environmental simplex models (autoregressions). This type of transmission, which gives rise to genotype-environment covariance, is considered to be important in developmental psychology. Having established identifying constraints, we addressed ...
Briley Daniel A DA Department of Psychology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at - - 2014
Many achievement-relevant personality measures (APMs) have been developed, but the interrelations among APMs or associations with the broader personality landscape are not well-known. In Study 1, 214 participants were measured on 36 APMs and a measure of the Big Five. Factor analytic results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of ...
Fong Ted C T - - 2014
The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory is a measurement scale that assesses the degree of burnout in the personal, work, and client domains. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the inventory's Chinese version (CBI-C) in a sample of 312 human service workers in Hong Kong with ...
Garza Miroslava M Department of Biology, The University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Chagas disease kills approximately 45 thousand people annually and affects 10 million people in Latin America and the southern United States. The parasite that causes the disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, can be transmitted by insects of the family Reduviidae, subfamily Triatominae. Any study that attempts to evaluate risk for Chagas disease ...
Barbosa Gerson Laurindo GL Superintendence for Control of Endemic Diseases, State Health Department, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Dengue fever is a major public health problem worldwide, caused by any of four virus (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4; Flaviviridae: Flavivirus), transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito. Reducing the levels of infestation by A. aegypti is one of the few current strategies to control dengue fever. Entomological indicators are used ...
Lee Sang Mee SM Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, A460 Mayo Building MMC 303, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2014
In this paper, we study a parametric modeling approach to gene set enrichment analysis. Existing methods have largely relied on nonparametric approaches employing, e.g., categorization, permutation or resampling-based significance analysis methods. These methods have proven useful yet might not be powerful. By formulating the enrichment analysis into a model comparison ...
Seid Ahmed - - 2014
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected tropical disease strongly associated with poverty. Treatment is problematic and no vaccine is available. Ethiopia has seen new outbreaks in areas previously not known to be endemic, often with co-infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with rates reaching 5.6% of the cases. The ...
Ramis Rebeca - - 2014
Cluster detection has become an important part of the agenda of epidemiologists and public health authorities, the identification of high- and low-risk areas is fundamental in the definition of public health strategies and in the suggestion of potential risks factors. Currently, there are different cluster detection techniques available, the most ...
Chan Alan H S - - 2014
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and interactions of line length, line number, and line spacing on Chinese screen-based proofreading performance and amount of scrolling. Proofreading is an important process, and much of it is now done on screen. The Chinese language is increasingly important, ...
Kuuranne Tiia T Doping Control Laboratory, United Medix Laboratories Ltd., , Helsinki, - - 2014
In the fight against doping, steroid profiling is a powerful tool to detect drug misuse with endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids. To establish sensitive and reliable models, the factors influencing profiling should be recognised. We performed an extensive literature review of the multiple factors that could influence the quantitative levels and ...
Cantsilieris Stuart - - 2014
Intrachromosomal segmental duplications provide the substrate for non-allelic homologous recombination, facilitating extensive copy number variation in the human genome. Many multi-copy gene families are embedded within genomic regions with high levels of sequence identity (>95%) and therefore pose considerable analytical challenges. In some cases, the complexity involved in analyzing such ...
Dorneich Michael C - - 2014
Two studies were conducted to develop an understanding of factors that drive user expectations when navigating between discrete elements on a display via a limited degree-of-freedom cursor control device. For the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle spacecraft, a free-floating cursor with a graphical user interface (GUI) would require an unachievable level ...
Harvey-Samuel Tim T Department of Zoology, University of Oxford Oxford, UK ; Oxitec Ltd, Milton Park Oxford, - - 2014
Genetic control strategies offer great potential for the sustainable and effective control of insect pests. These strategies involve the field release of transgenic insects with the aim of introducing engineered alleles into wild populations, either permanently or transiently. Their efficacy can therefore be reduced if transgene-associated fitness costs reduce the ...
Mercer Laina L Department of Statistics, University of Washington, United - - 2014
Small area estimation (SAE) is an important endeavor in many fields and is used for resource allocation by both public health and government organizations. Often, complex surveys are carried out within areas, in which case it is common for the data to consist only of the response of interest and ...
Laundré John W - - 2014
Identifying factors that may be responsible for regulating the size of animal populations is a cornerstone in understanding population ecology. The main factors that are thought to influence population size are either resources (bottom-up), or predation (top-down), or interspecific competition (parallel). However, there are highly variable and often contradictory results ...
Fritschie Keith J - - 2014
A longstanding concept in community ecology is that closely related species compete more strongly than distant relatives. Ecologists have invoked this "limiting similarity hypothesis" to explain patterns in the structure and function of biological communities and to inform conservation, restoration, and invasive-species management. However, few studies have empirically tested the ...
Gohel M C MC Anand College of Pharmacy, Anand-388 001, - - 2014
The objective of present work was to construct nomogram for obtaining a value of similarity factor (f2) by employing the values of number of observations (n) and sum of squared difference of percentage drug dissolved between reference (R) and test (T) products . The steps for rearrangement of equation of ...
Cator Lauren J - - 2014
A variety of studies have reported that malaria parasites alter the behaviour of mosquitoes. These behavioural alterations likely increase transmission because they reduce the risk of vector death during parasite development and increase biting after parasites become infectious. A mathematical model is used to investigate the potential impact of these ...
Beaulieu J J 1] Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, Québec, Québec, Canada [2] Canada Research Chair in Forest and Environmental Genomics and Institute for Systems and Integrative Biology, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Genomic selection (GS) is of interest in breeding because of its potential for predicting the genetic value of individuals and increasing genetic gains per unit of time. To date, very few studies have reported empirical results of GS potential in the context of large population sizes and long breeding cycles ...
Stevanovic D D Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, Belgrade, - - 2014
Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model ...
Gaymard Sandrine S a Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire (LPPL) , LUNAM Université, University of Angers , UPRES EA 4638, Maison des Sciences Humaines, 5 bis boulevard Lavoisier 49045 Angers cedex 01, - - 2014
The conditional script questionnaire (CSQ) makes possible to study the conditions under which drivers find it legitimate to transgress the Highway Code. In this paper, we propose to analyse conditional respect towards the pedestrian with a new methodology based on Bayesian networks (BN). This methodology is designed to give a ...
Davis Esther L EL School of Psychology and Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
Objective: Informal caregivers of palliative care patients play an essential role in the coordination of care for patients during their final phases of life. However, undertaking a caregiving role can have enduring psychological consequences for caregivers and interfere with functioning. Studies have investigated a variety of factors associated with individual ...
Lee Eunice Y EY Division of Environmental Health Science, School of Public Health, University of California, 50 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic-related noise is a growing public health concern in developing and developed countries due to increasing vehicle traffic. Epidemiological studies have reported associations between noise exposure and high blood pressure, increased risk of hypertension and heart disease, and stress induced by sleep disturbance and annoyance. These findings motivate the need ...
Merli M Giovanna MG Sanford School of Public Policy & Duke Global Health Institute, Duke Population Research Institute, Duke University, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708, USA; Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We explore the network coverage of a sample of female sex workers (FSWs) in China recruited through Respondent Drive Sampling (RDS) as part of an effort to evaluate the claim of RDS of population representation with empirical data. We take advantage of unique information on the social networks of FSWs ...
Zucoloto M L ML Departamento de Odontologia Social, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara, UNESP (Universidade Estadual Paulista), Araraquara, São Paulo, - - 2014
Objective: Evaluate the validity, reliability, and factorial invariance of the complete Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and its short version (OHIP-14). Methods: A total of 1,162 adults enrolled in the Faculty of Dentistry of Araraquara/UNESP participated in the study; 73.1% were women; and the mean age ...
Wang Jinliang J a School of Mathematics and Statistics , Southwest University , Chongqing 400715 , People's Republic of - - 2014
In this paper, we introduce a basic reproduction number for a multi-group SIR model with general relapse distribution and nonlinear incidence rate. We find that basic reproduction number plays the role of a key threshold in establishing the global dynamics of the model. By means of appropriate Lyapunov functionals, a ...
Wang Gao T GT Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Statistical methods have been developed to test for complex trait rare variant (RV) associations, in which variants are aggregated across a region, which is typically a gene. Power analysis and sample size estimation for sequence-based RV association studies are challenging due to the necessity to realistically model the underlying allelic ...
Salekin Randall T - - 2014
The Levenson, Kiehl, and Fitzpatrick (1995) Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) was introduced in the mid-1990s as a brief measure of psychopathy and has since gained considerable popularity. Despite its attractiveness as a brief psychopathy tool, the LSRP has received limited research regarding its factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity. ...
Bühler Joël - - 2014
An adequate assessment of depression has been of concern to many researchers over the last half-century. These efforts have brought forth a manifold of depression rating scales, of which the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is 1 of the most commonly used self-assessment scales. Since its revision, the item structure of ...
Humphries Choptiany John Michael JM Dalhousie University, Room 208, 5269 Morris Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2X4, - - 2014
Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been applied to various energy problems to incorporate a variety of qualitative and quantitative criteria, usually spanning environmental, social, engineering, and economic fields. MCDA and associated methods such as life-cycle assessments and cost-benefit analysis can also include risk analysis to address uncertainties in criteria estimates. ...
Walters Raymond K RK Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, - - 2014
Epistasis is a growing area of research in genome-wide studies, but the differences between alternative definitions of epistasis remain a source of confusion for many researchers. One problem is that models for epistasis are presented in a number of formats, some of which have difficult-to-interpret parameters. In addition, the relation ...
Roberts Donald R DR Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bouwman and coauthors present data and analyses of DDT and other halogenated pollutants in environmental samples and based on their data and analyses thereof, argue against the use of DDT for malaria control. Regrettably, the analyses, presentations, and interpretations of data presented by Bouwman and coauthors are biased and erroneous.
Thomas Roger E - - 2014
Background: In 2005, the FDA approved the Roche AmpliChip™ for clinical application. The AmpliChip is a microarray chip that has the capability to play an important role in clinical pharmacogenetics. Objective: Because of the possible influence the AmpliChip may have on patient medication management, the purpose of the review is ...
Clemens Tom - - 2014
Income is predictive of many health outcomes and is therefore an important potential confounder to control for in studies. However it is often missing or poorly measured in epidemiological studies because of its complexity and sensitivity. This paper presents and validates an alternative approach to the survey collection of reported ...
Yang Yi-Feng YF 1 Graduate School of Business and Administration, Shu-Te University, - - 2014
Summary.-This study evaluates the influence of leadership style and employee trust in their leaders on job satisfaction. 341 personnel (164 men, 177 women; M age = 33.5 yr., SD = 5.1) from four large insurance companies in Taiwan completed the transformational leadership behavior inventory, the leadership trust scale and a ...
Oren Eyal - - 2014
Current understanding of tuberculosis (TB) genotype clustering in the US is based on individual risk factors. This study sought to identify whether area-based socioeconomic status (SES) was associated with genotypic clustering among culture-confirmed TB cases. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on data collected on persons with incident TB in ...
Guo Chao-Yu CY Division of Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Biostatistical Consulting Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
One of the greatest challenges in genetic studies is the determination of gene-environment interactions due to underlying complications and inadequate statistical power. With the increased sample size gained by using case-parent trios and unrelated cases and controls, the performance may be much improved. Focusing on a dichotomous trait, a two-stage ...
Briollais Laurent L Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 700, University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X5, Canada, - - 2014
This paper provides a review of recent applications of quantile regression to the fields of genetic and the emerging -omic studies. It begins with a general background about this statistical approach following the seminal paper of Koenker and Bassett (Econometrica 46:33-50, 1978). Applications are described, as diverse as genetic association ...
Dayarian Adel A University of California, Santa - - 2014
Mounting evidence suggests that natural populations can harbor extensive fitness diversity with numerous genomic loci under selection. It is also known that genealogical trees for populations under selection are quantifiably different from those expected under neutral evolution and described statistically by Kingman's coalescent. While differences in the statistical structure of ...
Hautier Lionel L Laboratoire de Paléontologie, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier, UMR-CNRS 5554, Cc 064, Université de Montpellier 2, place Eugène Bataillon, Montpellier Cedex, France; Museum of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
Several studies have shown an increased morphological variability of sloths from mammalian norms, affecting varied phenotypic traits from skeletal parts to soft tissues. We present here the first descriptive comparison of the whole skull morphology within the two extant sloth genera, combining geometric morphometric approaches with comparative anatomy. We used ...
Mishra Sandeep S 1University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
Decision-making under risk has been variably characterized and examined in many different disciplines. However, interdisciplinary integration has not been forthcoming. Classic theories of decision-making have not been amply revised in light of greater empirical data on actual patterns of decision-making behavior. Furthermore, the meta-theoretical framework of evolution by natural selection ...
Arroyo Teresa P - - 2014
Disease risk maps are important tools that help ascertain the likelihood of exposure to specific infectious agents. Understanding how climate change may affect the suitability of habitats for ticks will improve the accuracy of risk maps of tick-borne pathogen transmission in humans and domestic animal populations. Lyme disease (LD) is ...
Winkler Thomas W TW Department of Genetic Epidemiology, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
Rigorous organization and quality control (QC) are necessary to facilitate successful genome-wide association meta-analyses (GWAMAs) of statistics aggregated across multiple genome-wide association studies. This protocol provides guidelines for (i) organizational aspects of GWAMAs, and for (ii) QC at the study file level, the meta-level across studies and the meta-analysis output ...
Abdat F F INRS - Working Life Department, 1 rue de Morvan, 54500 Vandoeuvre les Nancy, - - 2014
A probabilistic approach has been developed to extract recurrent serious Occupational Accident with Movement Disturbance (OAMD) scenarios from narrative texts within a prevention framework. Relevant data extracted from 143 accounts was initially coded as logical combinations of generic accident factors. A Bayesian Network (BN)-based model was then built for OAMDs ...
Yang Hong H Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP), New York University (NYU), One MetroTech Center, 19th Floor, Office 1919Q, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The occurrence of "secondary crashes" is one of the critical yet understudied highway safety issues. Induced by the primary crashes, the occurrence of secondary crashes does not only increase traffic delays but also the risk of inducing additional incidents. Many highway agencies are highly interested in the implementation of safety ...
Yannis George G Department of Transportation Planning Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 5, Iroon Polytechniou str, 15773, Zografou Campus, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research aims to investigate the impact of texting on the behavior and safety of young drivers on urban and rural roads. A driving simulator experiment was carried out in which 34 young participants drove in different driving scenarios; specifically, driving in good weather, in raining conditions, in daylight and ...
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