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Mitteldorf Joshua J Massachusetts Inst of Technology, Dept of EAPS, 654 Carpenter Ln, Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA. - - 2014
Prevailing ideas of how aging evolved are a poor fit with the picture of aging that is developing from genetics labs and breeding experiments. Nevertheless, the community of theorists is reluctant to consider alternate approaches because the differences are profound, calling into question much of the standard methodology of Population ...
Pemberton Mark A MA Systox Ltd, Wilmslow, Cheshire, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acrylic, Poly Methyl Methacrylate (PMMA) based polymers are found in many industrial, professional and consumer products and are of low toxicity, but do contain very low levels of residual monomers and process chemicals that can leach out during handling and use. Methyl Methacrylate, the principle monomer is of low toxicity, ...
Zhang Hanwang - - 2014
Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) has received considerable attention in image processing, computer vision and patter recognition. An important variant of NMF is Nonnegative Graph Embedding (NGE), which encodes the statistical or geometric information of data in the process of matrix factorization. NGE offers a general framework for unsupervised/supervised settings. However, ...
Buckner Janet C JC Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The marmosets and tamarins, Family Callitrichidae, are Neotropical primates with over 60 species and subspecies that inhabit much of South America. Although they constitute a widely distributed family of Neotropical primates, attempts to unravel their biogeographic history have been limited by taxonomic confusion and the lack of an appropriate statistical ...
Oganjan Katarina K University of Tartu, Estonian Marine Institute, Department of Marine Biology, Mäealuse 14, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Benthic suspension feeding is an important process in coastal ecosystems. Among all the World's oceans, coastal ecosystems are the most modified by human impact and changing at accelerating pace. It is complicated to understand, how various environmental factors affect feeding rates of suspension feeders in their natural habitats. Thus, shapes ...
Chen Chun-Hao - - 2014
Abdominal visceral fat affects the metabolic processes, and is an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study was to develop a quick and accurate estimate in the visceral fat area (VFA) of the L4-L5 vertebrae using anthropometric predictor variables that can be measured conveniently. A ...
Park A W AW Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA; Department Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, - - 2014
Like many organisms, individuals of the freshwater ostracod species Eucypris virens exhibit either obligate sexual or asexual reproductive modes. Both types of individual routinely co-occur, including in the same temporary freshwater pond (their natural habitat in which they undergo seasonal diapause). Given the well-known two-fold cost of sex, this begs ...
Park Inhye I Department of Geoinformatics, University of Seoul, Siripdae-gil 13, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Republic of - - 2014
The evidential belief function (EBF) model was applied and validated for analysis of groundwater-productivity potential (GPP) in Boryeong and Pohang cities, agriculture region in Korea using geographic information systems (GIS). Data about related factors, including topography, lineament, geology, forest, soil, and groundwater data were collected and input into a spatial ...
Cárdenas Ibsen Chivatá IC Department of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The - - 2014
The authors of this article have developed six probabilistic causal models for critical risks in tunnel works. The details of the models' development and evaluation were reported in two earlier publications of this journal. Accordingly, as a remaining step, this article is focused on the investigation into the use of ...
Otwinowski Jakub J Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
The genotype-fitness map plays a fundamental role in shaping the dynamics of evolution. However, it is difficult to directly measure a fitness landscape in practice, because the number of possible genotypes is astronomical. One approach is to sample as many genotypes as possible, measure their fitnesses, and fit a statistical ...
Beaujean A Alexander - - 2014
Previous research using the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities has shown a relationship between cognitive ability and academic achievement. Most of this research, however, has been done using the Woodcock-Johnson family of instruments with a higher order factor model. For CHC theory to grow, research should be done with ...
Rebora Paola P Center of Biostatistics for Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy - - 2014
Two-phase studies are attractive for their economy and efficiency in research settings where large cohorts are available for investigating the prognostic and predictive role of novel genetic and biological factors. In this type of study, information on novel factors is collected only in a convenient subcohort (phase II) drawn from ...
Kotelnikova Yuliya Y Western University, London, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
The Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality full-length (SNAP) and short versions (SNAP-SRF and SNAP-ORF) were developed as measures of normal-range and more pathological personality traits. This study investigated the validity of the SNAP Brief Self-Description Rating Form (SNAP-BSRF), an alternative version of the SNAP Self-Description Rating Form (SNAP-SRF) revised ...
Abell Caitlyn E - - 2014
Determining an animal's genetic merit using genomic information can improve estimated breeding value (EBV) accuracy; however, the magnitude of the accuracy improvement must be large enough to recover the costs associated with implementing genome-enabled selection. One way to reduce costs is to genotype nucleus herd selection candidates using a low-density ...
Lusczakoski Kate DeRoche KD Accelrys, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
The concept of recovery can be operationalized from either the point of view of the consumer or from the perspective of the provider of services. The Recovery Markers Inventory (RMI) was created to assess recovery-related factors (i.e., actions/events associated with consumer's recovery) from the provider's perspective. Evidence, which established the ...
McCracken Lance M LM Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, Guy's Campus, 5th Floor Bermondsey Wing, London, SE1 9RT, UK, - - 2014
The psychological flexibility model appears to be useful for organizing research into chronic pain. One component of the model is called "cognitive defusion." A process referred to as decentering, measured by the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ), appears similar to cognitive defusion. The purpose of this study is to extend previous investigations ...
Ballweber L R LR Colorado State University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 1644 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The principle of fecal flotation is based on the ability of a solution to allow less dense material (including parasite elements) to rise to the top. However, there are numerous factors that will influence the accuracy and use of such a theoretically simple technique. Whether or not centrifugation is used ...
Cuesta-Vargas Antonio I - - 2014
The Lower Limb Functional Index (LLFI) is a relatively recently published regional outcome measure. The development article showed the LLFI had robust and valid clinimetric properties with sound psychometric and practical characteristics when compared to the Lower Limb Extremity Scale (LEFS) criterion standard. The purpose of this study was cross ...
Rudnicki Ryszard R Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bankowa 14, 40-007 , Katowice, Poland, - - 2014
We consider an individual based model of phenotypic evolution in hermaphroditic populations which includes random and assortative mating of individuals. By increasing the number of individuals to infinity we obtain a nonlinear transport equation, which describes the evolution of phenotypic distribution. The main result of the paper is a theorem ...
Cicerali Lütfiye K LK Psychology Department, Nisantasi University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Occupational value with predefined items scale is an originally 26-item Swedish tool used to assess values people find in their everyday doings. The present study validated this scale on a Turkish sample and described the values that Turks perceived in their daily doings. The participants included a convenience sample of ...
Foll Matthieu M School of Life Sciences, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland; Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Lausanne, - - 2014
With novel developments in sequencing technologies, time-sampled data are becoming more available and accessible. Naturally, there have been efforts in parallel to infer population genetic parameters from these datasets. Here, we compare and analyze four recent approaches based on the Wright-Fisher model for inferring selection coefficients (s) given effective population ...
Almendros Isaac I University of - - 2014
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) has been extensively studied during the last decade, primarily as a surrogate model of sleep apnea. However, IH is a much more pervasive phenomenon in human disease, is viewed as a potential therapeutic approach, and has also been used in other disciplines, such as in competitive sports. ...
Kelling Nicholas J NJ Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, - - 2014
Human factors analyses have been used to improve efficiency and safety in various work environments. Although generally limited to humans, the universality of these analyses allows for their formal application to a much broader domain. This paper outlines a model for the use of human factors to enhance zoo exhibits ...
Havelaar A H AH Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands; Division Veterinary Public Health, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the - - 2014
Dose-response models in microbial risk assessment consider two steps in the process ultimately leading to illness: from exposure to (asymptomatic) infection, and from infection to (symptomatic) illness. Most data and theoretical approaches are available for the exposure-infection step; the infection-illness step has received less attention. Furthermore, current microbial risk assessment ...
Dong Chunjiao C Center for Transportation Research, The University of Tennessee, 600 Henley Street, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crash data are collected through police reports and integrated with road inventory data for further analysis. Integrated police reports and inventory data yield correlated multivariate data for roadway entities (e.g., segments or intersections). Analysis of such data reveals important relationships that can help focus on high-risk situations and coming up ...
Norberg E E Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, PO Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crossing of lines or strains within and between breeds has been demonstrated to be beneficial for dairy cattle performance. However, even within breed, differences between strains may also give rise to heterosis. A key question is whether an interaction exists between heterosis and environment (H × E) that is independent ...
Chen Sui-Pi - - 2014
Abstract This paper uses a Bayesian formulation of a clustering procedure to identify gene-gene interactions under case-control studies, called the Algorithm via Bayesian Clustering to Detect Epistasis (ABCDE). The ABCDE uses Dirichlet process mixtures to model SNP marker partitions, and uses the Gibbs weighted Chinese restaurant sampling to simulate posterior ...
Chen Zhongxue - - 2014
Because of its important effects, as an epigenetic factor, on gene expression and disease development, DNA methylation has drawn much attention from researchers. Detecting differentially methylated loci is an important but challenging step in studying the regulatory roles of DNA methylation in a broad range of biological processes and diseases. ...
Zeng Xianglong X School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, No. 19, XinJieKouWai St., HaiDian District, Beijing, 100875, People's Republic of - - 2014
Goenka's 10-day Vipassana course is a widespread mindfulness course rooted in traditional Buddhism. Awareness and equanimity are two abilities cultivated in this course that are not featured in modern mindfulness-based psychotherapies and thereby not adequately measured by current mindfulness scales. The present article analyzed the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS; Cardaciotto ...
Huang Huateng H Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1079, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A large number of published phylogenetic estimates are based on a single locus or the concatenation of multiple loci, even though genealogies of single or concatenated loci may not accurately reflect the true history of species diversification (i.e., the species tree). The increased availability of genomic data, coupled with new ...
Grilli Jacopo J Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "G. Galilei", Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova, - - 2014
Prokaryotes vary their protein repertoire mainly through horizontal transfer and gene loss. To elucidate the links between these processes and the cross-species gene-family statistics, we perform a large-scale data analysis of the cross-species variability of gene-family abundance (the number of members of the family found on a given genome). We ...
Hovlid Einar - - 2014
Contextual factors influence quality improvement outcomes. Understanding this influence is important when adapting and implementing interventions and translating improvements into new settings. To date, there is limited knowledge about how contextual factors influence quality improvement processes. In this study, we explore how contextual factors affected measures to reduce surgery cancellations, ...
Liu Hui H State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, PR China; College of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing 314001, Zhejiang, PR - - 2014
The bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of 58 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were modeled by quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) using density functional theory (DFT), the position of Cl substitution (PCS) and comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) methods. All the models were robust and predictive, and especially, the best CoMFA model was significant with ...
Zaidi Nikki Bibler NB University of Michigan Medical School , USA - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: While the extant literature has explored the impact of stations on multiple mini- interview (MMI) scores, the influence of station scenarios has been largely overlooked. Method: A subset of MMI scores was purposively sampled from admissions data at one US medical school. Generalizability (G) theory was used to ...
Jongeneelen Frans J FJ IndusTox Consult PO BOX 31070 NL-6503 CB NIJMEGEN The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Occupational exposure limits for carcinogens are increasingly based on excess lifetime risks of cancer. Acceptable limits in some countries in Europe are set at 4/1,000 (= highest tolerable risk level) and 4/100,000 (= acceptable risk level) based on 40 year working exposure for the occupational population. When an exposure metric ...
Abdul Manan Muhammad Marizwan MM Department of Technology and Society, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, Lund 22100, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper uses data from an observational study, conducted at access points in straight sections of primary roads in Malaysia in 2012, to investigate the effects of motorcyclists' behavior and road environment attributes on the occurrence of serious traffic conflicts involving motorcyclists entering primary roads via access points. In order ...
McNally Brenton B School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia, Behavioural Basis of Health Research Centre, Griffith Health Institute, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reckless driving is a major contributing factor to road morbidity and mortality. While further research into the nature and impact of reckless driving, particularly among young people, is urgently needed, the measurement of reckless driving behaviour also requires increased attention. Three major shortcomings apparent in established measures of driver behaviour ...
Chen Zhongxue - - 2014
Current robust association tests for case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS) data are mainly based on the assumption of some specific genetic models. Due to the richness of the genetic models, this assumption may not be appropriate. Therefore, robust but powerful association approaches are desirable. In this paper, we propose a ...
Nöremark Maria - - 2014
On-farm biosecurity is an important part of disease prevention and control, this applies to live animal contacts as well as indirect contacts e.g. via professionals visiting farms in their work. The objectives of this study were to investigate how professionals visiting animal farms in Sweden in their daily work perceive ...
Fonseca-Pedrero Eduardo E Department of Educational Sciences, University of La Rioja, Spain; Center for Biomedical Research in the Mental Health Network (CIBERSAM), Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Schizotypal traits represent the behavioral expression of vulnerability to psychosis in general population. Among the most widely used measurement instruments, we could find the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) (Raine, 1991). However, some aspects of its psychometric quality have yet to be analyzed. The main goal of the present study was ...
Minton Jonathan J University of Glasgow, Room 710, Adam Smith Building, Lanarkshire G12 8RT, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper describes how shaded contour plots, applied to mortality data from the Human Mortality Database, can be used to compare between nations, and start to tease out some of the ways that place and space matters. A number of shaded contour plots are presented, in order to describe the ...
Bevier Wendy C WC 1 Sansum Diabetes Research Institute , Santa Barbara, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Artificial pancreas (AP) systems are currently an active field of diabetes research. This pilot study examined the attitudes of AP clinical trial participants toward future acceptance of the technology, having gained firsthand experience. Subjects and Methods: After possible influencers of AP technology adoption were considered, a 34-question questionnaire ...
Schäfer J J Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess whether prospective follow-up data within the Swiss HIV Cohort Study can be used to predict patients who stop smoking; or among smokers who stop, those who start smoking again. We built prediction models first using clinical reasoning ('clinical models') and then by ...
Séguin Monique M Monique Séguin, PhD, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Department of Psychology, Gatineau, Québec, and McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Québec; Guy Beauchamp, PhD, Marie Robert, PhD, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Department of Psychology, Gatineau, Québec; Mélanie DiMambro, MSc, Gustavo Turecki, MD, PhD, McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Québec, - - 2014
Most developmental studies on suicide do not take into account individual variations in suicide trajectories. Using a life course approach, this study explores developmental models of suicide trajectories. Two hundred and fourteen suicides were assessed with mixed methods. Statistical analysis using combined discrete-time survival (DTS) and growth mixture modelling (GMM) ...
Xu Hanli H Baylor College of Medicine; Southeast - - 2014
A novel haplotype association method is presented, and its power demonstrated. Relying on a statistical model for linkage disequilibrium (LD), the method first infers ancestral haplotypes and their loadings at each marker for each individual. The loadings are then used to quantify local haplotype sharing between individuals at each marker. ...
Rasmussen Jacob H JH Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Dept. of Oncology, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Background: The prognostic value of 18F-Fludeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake could be due to its association with already known clinical risk factors. Methods: Correlation between FDG uptake metrics and other known risk factors from 287 patients were analyzed. Time to any failure (FFF) was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards model stratified by ...
- - 2014
Pigmentation, specifically melanism, is often the driving force behind classic examples of natural selection such as camouflage and mimicry. However, whilst pigmentation in insects has long been considered the exclusive preserve of the genetic model Drosophila, stunning new papers on the molecular basis of melanism and mimicry in butterflies are ...
Law Heather H Psychosis Research Unit, Psychology Services, Greater Manchester West Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The latent structure, reliability and validity of the Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR) (Neil et al., 2009) were examined in a sample of participants with experience of psychosis (N=335). The original two factor model proposed by Neil et al. (2009) was examined using exploratory factor analysis followed by ...
Tonnang Henri Ez - - 2014
Predicting anopheles vectors' population densities and boundary shifts is crucial in preparing for malaria risks and unanticipated outbreaks. Although shifts in the distribution and boundaries of the major malaria vectors (Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis) across Africa have been predicted, quantified areas of absolute change in zone of suitability ...
Gokhale Chaitanya S - - 2014
Transgenic constructs intended to be stably established at high frequencies in wild populations have been demonstrated to "drive" from low frequencies in experimental insect populations. Linking such population transformation constructs to genes which render them unable to transmit pathogens could eventually be used to stop the spread of vector-borne diseases ...
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