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Results 401 - 450 of 2139
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van Zelm Rosalie - - 2013
To enhance the use of quantitative uncertainty assessments in life cycle impact assessment practice, we suggest to quantify the trade-off between parameter uncertainty, i.e. any uncertainty associated with data and methods used to quantify the model parameters, and model structure uncertainty, i.e. the uncertainty about the relations and mechanisms being ...
Li Hongying - - 2013
Our group has shown that the polysaccharides extracted from Lycium barbarum (LBP) are neuroprotective for retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in different animal models. Protecting RGCs from secondary degeneration is a promising direction for therapy in glaucoma management. The complete optic nerve transection (CONT) model can be used to study primary ...
Hall Adam J - - 2013
A four compartment mechanistic mathematical model is developed for the pharmacokinetics of the commonly used anti-malarial drug artesunate and its principle metabolite dihydroartemisinin following oral administration of artesunate. The model is structurally unidentifiable unless additional constraints are imposed. Combinations of mechanistically derived constraints are considered to assess their effects on ...
Vandenplas J - - 2013
Animals that are robust to environmental changes are desirable in the current dairy industry. Genetic differences in micro-environmental sensitivity can be studied through heterogeneity of residual variance between animals. However, residual variance between animals is usually assumed to be homogeneous in traditional genetic evaluations. The aim of this study was ...
Raut-Jadhav Sunita - - 2013
In the present work, degradation of imidacloprid (neonicotinoid class of insecticide) in aqueous solution has been systematically investigated using hydrodynamic cavitation and combination of hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) and H2O2. Initially, effect of different operating parameters such as inlet pressure to the cavitating device (5-20bar) and operating pH (2-7.5) has been ...
Incarnato Danny - - 2013
The prediction of pairing between microRNAs (miRNAs) and the miRNA recognition elements (MREs) on mRNAs is expected to be an important tool for understanding gene regulation. Here, we show that mRNAs that contain Pumilio recognition elements (PRE) in the proximity of predicted miRNA-binding sites are more likely to form stable ...
Liu Zhijuan - - 2013
Northeast China (NEC) accounts for about 30% of the nation's maize production in China. In the past three decades, maize yields in NEC have increased under changes in climate, cultivar selection, and crop management. It is important to investigate the contribution of these changing factors to the historical yield increases ...
Liao Chia-Chi - - 2013
A hybrid model comprising the differential Mueller matrix formalism and the Mueller matrix decomposition method is proposed for extracting the linear birefringence (LB), linear dichroism (LD), circular birefringence (CB), circular dichroism (CD), and depolarization properties (Dep) of turbid optical samples. In contrast to the differential-based Mueller matrix method, the proposed ...
Xie L H - - 2014
Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used to predict the cooking quality parameters of rice, such as the protein (PC) and amylose content (AC). Using brown and milled flours from 519 rice samples representing a wide range of grain qualities, this study was to compare the calibration models generated by ...
Singh Kunwar P - - 2013
Robust global models capable of discriminating positive and non-positive carcinogens; and predicting carcinogenic potency of chemicals in rodents were developed. The dataset of 834 structurally diverse chemicals extracted from Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB) was used which contained 466 positive and 368 non-positive carcinogens. Twelve non-quantum mechanical molecular descriptors were derived. ...
Rial Diego - - 2013
The effects of four spill-treating agents (STAs) (CytoSol, Finasol(®) OSR 51, Agma OSD 569 and OD4000) on the growth kinetics of three marine microalgae (Isochrysis galbana, Chaetoceros gracilis, Phaeodactylum tricornutum) were studied. Chlorophyll a concentration and optical density at 700nm were assessed to describe the logistic growth of algae in ...
Do Quyet H - - 2013
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) deposited on porous multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) buckypaper using supercritical fluid CO2(scCO2) deposition shows excellent performance for electrochemical capacitors. However, the low weight loading of V2O5 is one of the main problems. In this paper, design of experiments and response surface methods were employed to explore strategies ...
Brown Robert A - - 2013
In the 40 years since Elsdale and Bard's analysis of fibroblast culture in collagen gels we have moved far beyond the concept that such 3D fibril network systems are better models than monolayer cultures. This review analyses key aspects of that progression of models, against a background of what exactly ...
Schörgendorfer Angela - - 2013
Many commonly used models for linear regression analysis force overly simplistic shape and scale constraints on the residual structure of data. We propose a semiparametric Bayesian model for regression analysis that produces data-driven inference by using a new type of dependent Polya tree prior to model arbitrary residual distributions that ...
Sharma Shaili - - 2013
Aggrecan, a major macromolecule in cartilage, protects the extracellular matrix (ECM) from degradation during the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). However, aggrecan itself is also susceptible to proteolytic cleavage. Here, the use of a biomimetic proteoglycan (mAGC) is presented, which functionally mimics aggrecan but lacks the known cleavage sites, protecting the ...
Heckler A F - - 2013
Few three-dimensional (3-D) models exist to study the cellular aspects and molecular regulation of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). The aim of this study was to develop a 3-D in vitro model to study mechanical loading of human periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts (hPDLF). hPDLF were seeded within collagen gels to form ...
Cho Kyungjin - - 2013
A real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) was used to evaluate biokinetic coefficients of Nitrosomonas nitrosa and N. cryotolerans clusters growing simultaneously in a batch mode of ammonia oxidation. The mathematical models based on Monod equation were employed to describe the competitive relationship between these clusters and were fitted to ...
Zhou Changjun - - 2013
The problem of protein structure prediction in the hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice model is the prediction of protein tertiary structure. This problem is usually referred to as the protein folding problem. This paper presents a method for the application of an enhanced hybrid search algorithm to the problem of protein folding ...
Al-Subeihi Ala A A - - 2013
Methyleugenol (ME) occurs naturally in a variety of spices, herbs, including basil, and their essential oils. ME induces hepatomas in rodent bioassays following its conversion to a DNA reactive metabolite. In the present study, the basil constituent nevadensin was shown to be able to inhibit SULT-mediated DNA adduct formation in ...
White Erick A - - 2013
To relate changes in the electrochemical impedance spectra to the progression and mechanism of skin damage arising from exposure to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Electrochemical impedance spectra measured before and after human cadaver skin was treated with neat DMSO or phosphate buffered saline (control) for 1 h or less were compared with ...
Douglas S L - - 2013
During the production period from birth to slaughter there are some pigs that grow markedly slower, despite conditions which seem to support the growth of their contemporaries. This reduction in growth inevitably leads to weight variation within a group, causes difficulties with management and results in system inefficiencies. By understanding ...
Satriano Joseph - - 2013
The rat kidney ablation and infarction (A/I) model of subtotal or 5/6(th) nephrectomy is the most commonly studied model of non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). The A/I kidney at one-week exhibits reductions in kidney function as determined by glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and diminished metabolic efficiency as determined by oxygen ...
Manvar Atul - - 2013
In continuation with our previous work in anti-TB research area, in the present study we have demonstrated the structural diversity of quinolylhydrazides as potent anti-tuberculars. The compound library was synthesized by molecular hybridization approach and tested in vitro against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strains. Among the designed conjugates, the most promising ...
Zou Yi Ming - - 2013
To model biological systems using networks, it is desirable to allow more than two levels of expression for the nodes and to allow the introduction of parameters. Various modeling and simulation methods addressing these needs using Boolean models, both synchronous and asynchronous, have been proposed in the literature. However, analytical ...
Wesseling Hendrik - - 2013
Current schizophrenia (SCZ) treatments fail to treat the broad range of manifestations associated with this devastating disorder. Thus, new translational models that reproduce the core pathological features are urgently needed to facilitate novel drug discovery efforts. Here, we report findings from the first comprehensive label-free liquid-mass spectrometry proteomic- and proton ...
Karaman Emre - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the use of a nonlinear mixed modeling approach to growth studies of Japanese quail. Weekly BW measurements of 89 female and 89 male quail were used in the study. A well-known logistic growth function was used in the analysis. The function was ...
Zhou Xu - - 2013
Copper(II) biosorption processes by two pre-treated powdered anaerobic granular sludges (PAGS) (original sludges were methanogenic anaerobic granules and denitrifying sulfide removal (DSR) anaerobic granules) were investigated through batch tests. Factors affecting the biosorption process, such as pH, temperature and initial copper concentrations, were examined. Also, the physico-chemical characteristics of the ...
Kim Jaejik - - 2013
Abstract In modern systems biology the modeling of longitudinal data, such as changes in mRNA concentrations, is often of interest. Fully parametric, ordinary differential equations (ODE)-based models are typically developed for the purpose, but their lack of fit in some examples indicates that more flexible Bayesian models may be beneficial, ...
Pickens Charles L - - 2013
While fear and anxiety can grow over time in anxiety disorders, most efforts to model this phenomenon with fear conditioning in rodents cause fear that remains stable or decreases across weeks or months. Here, we describe several methods to induce conditioned fear that grows over the course of 1 month ...
Ferreira Fernando Fagundes - - 2013
In the present work we investigate the emergence of cooperation in a multilevel selection model that assumes limiting resources. Following the work by R. J. Requejo and J. Camacho [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 038701 (2012)], the interaction among individuals is initially ruled by a prisoner's dilemma (PD) game. The payoff ...
O Zanjani Leila - - 2013
Objective (s): Scar formation in injured peripheral nerve bed causes several consequences which impede the process of nerve regeneration. Several animal models are used for scar induction in preclinical studies which target prevention and/or suppression of perineural scar. This study evaluates the translational capacity of four of physical injury models ...
Destephe Matthieu - - 2013
Walking is one of the most common activities that we perform every day. Even if the main goal of walking is to move from one place to another place, walking can also convey emotional clues in social context. Those clues can be used to improve interactions or any messages we ...
Chen Zhe - - 2013
Rodent hippocampal population codes represent important spatial information of the environment during navigation. Several computational methods have been developed to uncover the neural representation of spatial topology embedded in rodent hippocampal ensemble spike activity. Here we extend our previous work and propose a nonparametric Bayesian approach to infer rat hippocampal ...
Guo Yi - - 2013
We set out to investigate if volitional components in the descending tracts of the spinal cord white matter can be accessed with multi-electrode array (MEA) recording technique. Rats were trained to press a lever connected to a haptic device with force feedback to receive sugar pellets. A flexible-substrate multi-electrode array ...
Han Jiuqiang - - 2013
The mRNA polyadenylation is the cellular process that adds adenosine tails to mature mRNAs. Malfunction of polyadenylation has been implicated in several human diseases. In this paper, we proposed a novel feature extraction approach which employs the K-gram nucleotide acid pattern, the position weight matrix (PWM) and the increment of ...
Li Bing - - 2013
The amidoximated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber Fe complexes were prepared and used as the heterogeneous Fenton catalysts for the degradation of 28 anionic water soluble azo dyes in water under visible irradiation. The multiple linear regression (MLR) method was employed to develop the quantitative structure property relationship (QSPR) model equations for ...
Pawlak Tomasz T Food Engineering Group, Institute of Food Technology of Plant Origin, PoznaƄ University of Life Sciences, - - 2013
Background. Due to the health-promoting value of black radish, authors decided to investigate the feasibil-ity of forming - from its roots - chips, using the process of microwave-vacuum puffing. In order to produce desirable quality of chips, there is a need to determine the most advantageous values of process parameters. ...
Connor Patrick C - - 2013
When retrospective revaluation phenomena (e.g., unovershadowing: AB+, then A-, then test B) were discovered, simple elemental models were at a disadvantage because they could not explain such phenomena. Extensions of these models and novel models appealed to within-compound associations to accommodate these new data. Here, we present an elemental, neural ...
Jakubík Jan - - 2013
Twelve homology models of the human M2 muscarinic receptor using different sets of templates have been designed using the Prime program or the modeller program and compared to crystallographic structure (PDB:3UON). The best models were obtained using single template of the closest published structure, the M3 muscarinic receptor (PDB:4DAJ). Adding ...
Kalinowska Barbara - - 2013
This paper presents a method for determining the structure of the early stage (ES) intermediate in the multistage protein folding process. ES structure is modeled on the basis of a limited conformational subspace of the Ramachandran plot. The model distinguishes seven structural motifs corresponding to seven local probability maxima within ...
Cheung Mike W-L - - 2013
Meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) combines the ideas of meta-analysis and structural equation modeling for the purpose of synthesizing correlation or covariance matrices and fitting structural equation models on the pooled correlation or covariance matrix. Cheung and Chan (Psychological Methods 10:40-64, 2005b, Structural Equation Modeling 16:28-53, 2009) proposed a two-stage ...
Carandini Matteo - - 2013
The study of perceptual decision-making offers insight into how the brain uses complex, sometimes ambiguous information to guide actions. Understanding the underlying processes and their neural bases requires that one pair recordings and manipulations of neural activity with rigorous psychophysics. Though this research has been traditionally performed in primates, it ...
Johnson Devin S - - 2013
Analyses of animal resource selection functions (RSF) using data collected from relocations of individuals via remote telemetry devices have become commonplace. Increasing technological advances, however, have produced statistical challenges in analysing such highly autocorrelated data. Weighted distribution methods have been proposed for analysing RSFs with telemetry data. However, they can ...
Gholivand Khodayar - - 2013
Twelve new compounds of acephate (Ace) analogues were synthesized and characterized by 31P, 13C, 1H NMR and IR spectroscopy. The probable insecticide potential of these compounds as well as 23 previously prepared molecules with general skeleton of RC(O)-NH-P(O)X1X2 was predicted by PASS software. Docking analysis showed that hydrophobic interaction and ...
Andrade Adriana A The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2013
The goal of this study was to define viral kinetics after initiation of raltegravir (RAL)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART-naive patients received RAL, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and emtricitabine for 72 weeks. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA were measured by ultrasensitive and single-copy assays, and first (d1)-, second (d2)-, and, ...
Kim Kyung-Ah - - 2013
This study sought to determine a mortality prediction model that could be used for triage in the setting of acute hemorrhage from trauma. To achieve this aim, various machine learning techniques were applied using the rat model in acute hemorrhage. Thirty-six anesthetized rats were randomized into three groups according to ...
Wang Xinchuang - - 2013
Monitoring the dynamics of forest biomass at various spatial scales is important for better understanding the terrestrial carbon cycle as well as improving the effectiveness of forest policies and forest management activities. In this article, field data and Landsat image data acquired in 1999 and 2007 were utilized to quantify ...
Choi Min Ji - - 2013
As a development strategy for backups of Fimasartan (1), a comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) of a set of sixty-five 5-(biphenyl-2-yl)-1H-tetrazole derivatives has been performed to find out the pharmacophore elements for angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) blockade. The most potent compound containing pyrimidin-4(3H)-one ring, Fimasartan (1) was ...
Lahijani Pooya - - 2013
This study investigates the influence of alkali (Na, K), alkaline earth (Ca, Mg) and transition (Fe) metal nitrates on CO2 gasification reactivity of pistachio nut shell (PNS) char. The preliminary gasification experiments were performed in thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and the results showed considerable improvement in carbon conversion; Na-char>Ca-char>Fe-char>K-char>Mg-char>raw char. Based ...
Kagan Leonid - - 2013
To investigate the biodistribution of amphotericin B (AmB) in mice and rats following administration of liposomal AmB (AmBisome®) using a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling framework and to utilize this approach for predicting AmBisome® pharmacokinetics in human tissues. AmB plasma and tissue concentration-time data, following single and multiple intravenous administration of ...
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