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Sweeney Lisa M LM Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH - - 2013
The ten Berge model, also known as the toxic load model, is an empirical approach in hazard assessment modeling for estimating the relationship between the inhalation toxicity of a chemical and the exposure duration. The toxic load (TL) is normally expressed as a function of vapor concentration (C) and duration ...
Faraj Chafika - - 2013
In Morocco, the main strategies of leishmaniasis vector control are based on environmental modifications. Use of local residual indoor spraying with synthetic pyrethroids is often envisaged. The need to evaluate this control method is essential. The current study was conducted to determine the efficacy of an alphacypermethrin IRS program against ...
Tang Min M Ewha Womans University, - - 2013
We present fast CCD algorithm for general rigid and articulated models based on conservative advancement. We have implemented the CCD algorithm with two different acceleration techniques which can handle rigid models, and have extended one of them to articulated models. The resulting algorithms take a few milliseconds for rigid models ...
Taffetani M M Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Biological Structure Mechanics (LaBS), Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Articular cartilage is a soft hydrated tissue that facilitates proper load transfer in diarthroidal joints. The mechanical properties of articular cartilage derive from its structural and hierarchical organization that, at the micrometric length scale, encompasses three main components: a network of insoluble collagen fibrils, negatively charged macromolecules and a porous ...
Poniatowski Lauren H - - 2013
Background: The objective was to determine the acceptability and preliminary construct validity for a high-fidelity synthetic renal pelvis/ureter tissue analogue model for use as a simulation model for training laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Methods: The pyeloplasty model was designed with incorporated assessment lines for use in post-task Black Light Assessment of Surgical ...
Waran Vicknes - - 2013
The advent of multimaterial 3D printers allows the creation of neurosurgical models of a more realistic nature, mimicking real tissues. The authors used the latest generation of 3D printer to create a model, with an inbuilt pathological entity, of varying consistency and density. Using this model the authors were able ...
Grenier Stephanie S Laboratory for Soft Tissue Research, Tissue Engineering, Regeneration and Repair Program, The Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop an in vitro cartilage degradation model that emulates the damage seen in early-stage osteoarthritis. To this end, cartilage explants were collagenase-treated to induce enzymatic degradation of collagen fibers and proteoglycans at the articular surface. To assess changes in mechanical properties, intact and ...
Tobin Chase A - - 2013
The commonly used methods to quantify axon numbers and mean area include manual and semiautomated procedures. The authors introduce a new fully automated method of morphometric analysis using ImageJ and Paint.net software to improve efficiency and accuracy. A total of six rat sciatic nerves were examined for their axon numbers ...
Pancheri F Q FQ Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA, United - - 2013
In this paper we propose a constitutive model to analyze in-plane extension of goat fascia lata. We first perform a histological analysis of the fascia that shows a well-organized bi-layered arrangement of undulated collagen fascicles oriented along two well defined directions. To develop a model consistent with the tissue structure ...
Su Shiliang - - 2013
A comparison of different transportation route types and their combined effects on landscape diversity was conducted within Tiaoxi watershed (China) between 1994 and 2005. Buffer analysis and Mann-Kendall's test were used to quantify the relationships between distance from transportation routes (railway, highway, national, and provincial road) and a family of ...
Oakes Jessica M - - 2013
Image-based in silico modeling tools provide detailed velocity and particle deposition data. However, care must be taken when prescribing boundary conditions to model lung physiology in health or disease, such as in emphysema. In this study, the respiratory resistance and compliance were obtained by solving an inverse problem; a 0D ...
Watters Orla - - 2013
The technical advances made in microscopy have been matched by an increase in the application of fluorescent microscopy to answer scientific questions. While analysis of fluorescent microscopy images represents a powerful tool, one must be aware of the potential pitfalls. Frequently, the analysis methods applied involve at least some manual ...
Pardal David - - 2013
Abstract Resveratrol, a polyphenolic phytoalexin found in many plants, has been reported to have antiobesogenic effects in several animal and in vitro models. Zebrafish present several technical advantages that place them at an interesting, halfway point between in vitro and rodent models. The aim of the present work was to ...
Capogrosso Marco - - 2013
Epidural electrical stimulation (EES) of lumbosacral segments can restore a range of movements after spinal cord injury. However, the mechanisms and neural structures through which EES facilitates movement execution remain unclear. Here, we designed a computational model and performed in vivo experiments to investigate the type of fibers, neurons, and ...
Tong Peijian - - 2013
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Fuzi is an effective but toxic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) derived from Aconitum carmichaeli. In our previous study, detoxicated Fuzi (d-Fuzi) has been originally developed with no toxicity but significant efficacy. However, whether d-Fuzi can be used for therapy of osteoarthritis (OA), remain unknown.Materials and methods: Severe OA ...
Li Keqiang - - 2013
With the recent development of society and economy in the cities of Huludao and Jinzhou, Liaoning Province, China, environment and ecosystem problems have become increasingly serious in Jinzhou Bay, China, because of the increasing amount of heavy metal pollutants being discharged. To solve these problems, a water quality model of ...
Bozkurt Hayriye H Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Tennessee, 2600 River Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996-4591, - - 2014
Control of seafood-associated norovirus outbreaks has become an important priority for public health authorities. Due to the absence of human norovirus infectivity assays, cultivable surrogates such as feline calicivirus (FCV-F9) and murine norovirus (MNV-1) have been used to begin to understand their thermal inactivation behavior. In this study, the effect ...
Suo Chen - - 2013
RNA-sequencing technologies provide a powerful tool for expression analysis at gene and isoform level, but accurate estimation of isoform abundance is still a challenge. Standard assumption of uniform read intensity would yield biased estimates when the read intensity is in fact non-uniform. The problem is that, without strong assumptions, the ...
Bordner Andrew J - - 2013
Despite the importance of a thermodynamically stable structure with a conserved fold for protein function, almost all evolutionary models neglect site-site correlations that arise from physical interactions between neighboring amino acid sites. This is mainly due to the difficulty in formulating a computationally tractable model since rate matrices can no ...
Reutlinger Christoph C Institute for Surgical Technology and Biomechanics, University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2013
Numerical models of the intervertebral disc, which address mechanical questions commonly make use of the difference in water content between annulus and nucleus, and thus fluid and solid parts are separated. Despite this simplification, models remain complex due to the anisotropy and nonlinearity of the annulus and regional variations of ...
Pavlov Michael Y - - 2013
Bacterial populations growing in a changing world must adjust their proteome composition in response to alterations in the environment. Rapid proteome responses to growth medium changes are expected to increase the average growth rate and fitness value of these populations. Little is known about the dynamics of proteome change, e.g., ...
Bourne Roger M - - 2013
To compare the theoretical information content of four popular models of diffusion-weighted signal attenuation. Four whole prostates were imaged fresh unfixed and fixed at 9.4T. Biexponential, kurtosis, stretched exponential, and monoexponential models were ranked using Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) with validation by a leave-one-out test of model prediction error. For ...
Hindmarch C C T CC University of Bristol, The Henry Wellcome Laboratories for Integrative Neuroscience and Endocrinology, Bristol, - - 2013
The supraoptic nucleus (SON) is part of the central osmotic circuitry that synthesises the hormone vasopressin (Avp) and transports it to terminals in the posterior lobe of the pituitary. Following osmotic stress such as dehydration, this tissue undergoes morphological, electrical and transcriptional changes to facilitate the appropriate regulation and release ...
Asano Yoshihide - - 2013
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem connective tissue disease characterized by three cardinal features: immunological abnormalities, vasculopathy, and fibrosis of skin and certain internal organs. Although several animal models recapitulating selected aspects of SSc have been reported, the absence of models fulfilling the full clinical picture of SSc has hindered ...
Hossain Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that play critical roles in numerous cellular processes through post-transcriptional functions. The aberrant role of miRNAs has been reported in a number of diseases. A robust computational method is vital to discover novel miRNAs where level of noise varies dramatically across the different ...
Scully Robert R - - 2013
Abstract The pulmonary toxicity of airborne lunar dust was assessed in rats exposed by nose-only inhalation to 0, 2.1, 6.8, 20.8 and 60.6 mg/m3 of respirable size lunar dust. Rats were exposed for 6 h/d, 5 d/week, for 4 weeks (120 h). Biomarkers of toxicity were assessed in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected ...
Lee Taewoo - - 2013
Purpose: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning typically combines multiple criteria into a single objective function by taking a weighted sum. The authors propose a statistical model that predicts objective function weights from patient anatomy for prostate IMRT treatment planning. This study provides a proof of concept for geometry-driven weight ...
Motallebi Sadegh S Department of Computer Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, - - 2013
Real networks exhibit nontrivial topological features, such as heavy-tailed degree distribution, high clustering, and small-worldness. Researchers have developed several generative models for synthesizing artificial networks that are structurally similar to real networks. An important research problem is to identify the generative model that best fits to a target network. In ...
Pandey Abhishek - - 2013
Various simple mathematical models have been used to investigate dengue transmission. Some of these models explicitly model the mosquito population, while others model the mosquitoes implicitly in the transmission term. We study the impact of modeling assumptions on the dynamics of dengue in Thailand by fitting dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) ...
Tung David D BioMed Valley Discoveries, Kansas City, - - 2013
Trilostane was identified in an in vivo screen of compounds in a lipopolysaccharide model of inflammation to support a repurposing effort. There is no previous documentation of any anti-inflammatory effects of trilostane. The aim of this study was to elucidate the novel pharmacologic activity of trilostane in a series of ...
Hébert-Dufresne Laurent L Département de Physique, de Génie Physique, et d'Optique, Université Laval, Québec (Québec), Canada G1V - - 2013
The k-core decomposition of a network has thus far mainly served as a powerful tool for the empirical study of complex networks. We now propose its explicit integration in a theoretical model. We introduce a hard-core random network (HRN) model that generates maximally random networks with arbitrary degree distribution and ...
Wang Chen-Pin CP Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio TX, 78229, - - 2013
Wang and Ghosh (2011) proposed a Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD) which is asymptotically equivalent to the KLD by Goutis and Robert (1998) when the reference model (in comparison with a competing fitted model) is correctly specified and when certain regularity conditions hold true. While properties of the KLD by Wang and ...
Baum-Snow Nathaniel N Brown University & - - 2013
Between 1979 and 2007 a strong positive monotonic relationship between wage inequality and city size has developed. This paper investigates the links between this emergent city size inequality premium and the contemporaneous nationwide increase in wage inequality. After controlling for the skill composition of the workforce across cities of different ...
Khataee H R - - 2013
Kinesin is a smart motor protein that steps processively forward and backward along microtubules (MTs). The mechanical kinetics of kinesin affecting its stepping behavior is not fully understood. Here, we propose a mathematical model to study the mechanical kinetics of forward and backward stepping of kinesin motor based on the ...
Khamiakova Tatsiana - - 2013
Benchmark datasets are important for the validation and optimization of the analysis routes. Lately, a new benchmark dataset, 'Platinum Spike', for the Affymetrix GeneChip experiments has been introduced. We performed a quality check of the Platinum Spike dataset by using probe-level linear mixed models. The results have shown that there ...
Turro Ernest - - 2013
Most methods for estimating differential expression from RNA-seq are based on statistics that compare normalised read counts between treatment classes. Unfortunately, reads are in general too short to be mapped unambiguously to features of interest, such as genes, isoforms or haplotype-specific isoforms. There are methods for estimating expression levels that ...
Stappaerts Jef - - 2013
Abstract 1. Although valuable in vitro models exist to study drug elimination from the systemic circulation, more integrated models may improve mechanistic insight in a biorelevant setting. 2. This study aimed to explore (1) intestinal and biliary excretion of the HIV protease inhibitor darunavir and its impact on systemic disposition and (2) ...
Asgaonkar Kalyani D KD AISSMS College of Pharmacy, Near R.T.O, Kennedy Road, Pune-411001, - - 2014
A quantitative structure-activity relationship model was developed on a series of compounds containing oxadiazole-ligated pyrrole pharmacophore to identify key structural fragments required for anti-tubercular activity. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) QSAR studies were performed using multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis and k-nearest neighbour molecular field analysis (kNN-MFA), respectively. The developed ...
Im Hansol - - 2013
This study assessed the dynamics of predation by Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus HD 100. Predation tests with two different bioluminescent strains of Escherichia coli, one expressing a heat-labile bacterial luciferase and the other a heat-stable form, showed near identical losses from both, indicating that protein expression and stability are not responsible for ...
Hashway S A - - 2013
Use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in humans may alter vaginal microbial populations and susceptibility to pathogens. This study evaluated the time-dependent effects of an LNG-IUS on the vaginal microbiome of the baboon, a useful animal model for reproductive studies. Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems were inserted into three reproductively mature, ...
Pieper Ursula U Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, Byers Hall at Mission Bay, Office 503B, University of California at San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, Byers Hall at Mission Bay, Office 503B, University of California at San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, Graduate Group in Biophysics, University of California at San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Structural Biology and Chemistry department, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France, Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, école doctorale iViv, Paris Rive Gauche, 5 rue Thomas Mann, 75013 Paris, France, Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, Department of Molecular Biology, Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA, Life Sciences Division, Department of Molecular Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
ModBase (http://salilab.org/modbase) is a database of annotated comparative protein structure models. The models are calculated by ModPipe, an automated modeling pipeline that relies primarily on Modeller for fold assignment, sequence-structure alignment, model building and model assessment (http://salilab.org/modeller/). ModBase currently contains almost 30 million reliable models for domains in 4.7 million ...
Barman Rahul - - 2013
We used a land surface model constrained using data from flux tower sites, to analyze the biases in ecosystem energy and water fluxes arising due to the use of meteorological reanalysis datasets. Following site-level model calibration encompassing major vegetation types from the tropics to the northern high-latitudes, we repeated the ...
Hendrix Angelean O - - 2013
Mathematical models of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis in women were first developed by Schlosser and Selgrade in 1999, with subsequent models of Harris-Clark et al. (Bull. Math. Biol. 65(1):157-173, 2003) and Pasteur and Selgrade (Understanding the dynamics of biological systems: lessons learned from integrative systems biology, Springer, London, pp. 38-58, 2011). These ...
Sen Sudip Kumar SK Department of Biotechnology, Gandhi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Gunupur, Rayagada 765 022, Odisha, - - 2013
In the present investigation, a number of experiments have been conducted to isolate microbial strains from Taptapani Hot Spring Odisha, India for bioremediation of cadmium and lead. The strains Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SS1), Aeromonas veronii (SS2) and Bacillus barbaricus (SS3) have shown better adaptation to metal tolerance test, with different concentrations ...
Yuan Tingbi T State Key Lab of Power Systems, Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua-BP Clean Energy Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; Guodian Science and Technology Research Institute, Nanjing, - - 2014
A partial least squares (PLS) and wavelet transform hybrid model are proposed to analyze the carbon content of coal by using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The hybrid model is composed of two steps of wavelet analysis procedures, which include environmental denoising and background noise reduction, to pretreat the LIBS spectrum. ...
Charrier Guillaume - - 2013
In the literature, frost hardiness (FH) studies in trees have often been restricted to one organ (buds, leaves, needles or twigs). To extend our knowledge and gain a unified view, FH differences between organs and tissues or throughout the life of the tree have to be characterized in relation to ...
Yanes R - - 2013
The exchange bias effect in a compensated IrMn_{3}/Co(111) system is studied using multiscale modeling from ab initio to atomistic spin model calculations. We evaluate numerically the out-of-plane hysteresis loops of the bilayer for different thicknesses of the ferromagnetic layer. The results show the existence of a perpendicular exchange bias and an ...
Brzakovińá Branka - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to examine and describe adjunctive lamotrigine (LTG) pharmacokinetics in paediatric and young adult patients using a nonlinear mixed effects modelling (NONMEM) approach. The study included 53 patients (age range 3-35 years) who were concomitantly treated with carbamazepine (CBZ) and/or valproic acid (VPA). A total of ...
Jääskinen Väinö - - 2013
Abstract In many biological applications it is necessary to cluster DNA sequences into groups that represent underlying organismal units, such as named species or genera. In metagenomics this grouping needs typically to be achieved on the basis of relatively short sequences which contain different types of errors, making the use ...
Faltys G L - - 2013
Electronic feeding stations (EFS) were developed to automate data collection of individual animals housed in a group environment. In order for scientists to utilize EFS such as the Feed Intake Recording Equipment (FIRE; Osborne Industries Inc., Osborne, KS) in research, data recorded electronically cannot differ from data recorded on calibrated ...
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