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Trémolière Bastien B 1Université de Toulouse, - - 2014
The dual-process model of moral judgment postulates that utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas (e.g., accepting to kill one to save five) are demanding of cognitive resources. Here we show that utilitarian responses can become effortless, even when they involve to kill someone, as long as the kill-save ratio is efficient ...
Esteve-Lanao Jonathan J Department of Exercise Physiology, European University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the pacing distribution during 6 editions of the world cross country championships. Data from the 768 male runners participating between 2007 and 2013 were considered for this study. Blocks of ten participants according to final position (e.g. 1st to 10th, 11 to ...
Moen Daniel D Center for Applied Mathematics, École Polytechnique, UMR 7641 CNRS, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies of phylogenetic diversification often show evidence for slowdowns in diversification rates over the history of clades. Recent studies seeking biological explanations for this pattern have emphasized the role of niche differentiation, as in hypotheses of adaptive radiation and ecological limits to diversity. Yet many other biological explanations might underlie ...
Foster Carl C Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, - - 2014
The official world record (WR) for the one-mile run (3:43.13 for men, 4:12.58 for women) has improved 12.2% and 32.3%. respectively since the first IAAF recognized the WR. Previous observations have suggested that the pacing pattern for successive laps is characteristically on a faster-slower-slowest-faster basis. However, modeling studies have suggested ...
Stamatakis Alexandros A Scientific Computing Group, Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Phylogenies are increasingly used in all fields of medical and biological research. Moreover, because of the next generation sequencing revolution, datasets used for conducting phylogenetic analyses grow at an unprecedented pace. RAxML (Randomized Axelerated Maximum Likelihood) is a popular program for phylogenetic analyses of large datasets under maximum likelihood. Since ...
Yang Lingling L Department of Computer Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) offer a broad class of neurologically impaired individuals an alternative means to interact with the environment. Many BCIs are "synchronous" systems, in which the system sets the timing of the interaction and tries to infer what control command the subject is issuing at each prompting. In ...
Hu Teh-Wei - - 2013
Aim:The aim of this study was to analyze the barriers in the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in China and present recommendations on ways to address these challenges in tobacco control in China.Methods:We review the available literature on progress and explore the barriers and challenges that ...
Sathar Shameer - - 2013
Gastrointestinal motility is coordinated by slow waves (SWs) generated by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). Experimental studies have shown that SWs spontaneously activate at different intrinsic frequencies in isolated tissue, whereas in intact tissues they are entrained to a single frequency. Gastric pacing has been used in an attempt ...
Renfree Andrew - - 2013
Successful participation in competitive endurance activities requires continual regulation of muscular work rate in order to maximise physiological performance capacities, meaning that individuals must make numerous decisions with regards to the muscular work rate selected at any point in time. Decisions relating to the setting of appropriate goals and the ...
McManus I C - - 2013
Bias of clinical examiners against some types of candidate, based on characteristics such as sex or ethnicity, would represent a threat to the validity of an examination, since sex or ethnicity are 'construct-irrelevant' characteristics. In this paper we report a novel method for assessing sex and ethnic bias in over ...
Angus Simon D - - 2013
Abstract We apply statistical analysis of high frequency (1 km) split data for the most recent two world-record marathon runs: Run 1 (2:03:59, 28 September 2008) and Run 2 (2:03:38, 25 September 2011). Based on studies in the endurance cycling literature, we develop two principles to approximate 'optimal' pacing in ...
Mideksa K G - - 2013
Various source localization techniques have indicated the generators of each identifiable component of movement-related cortical potentials, since the discovery of the surface negative potential prior to self-paced movement by Kornhuber and Decke. Readiness potentials and fields preceding self-paced finger movements were recorded simultaneously using multichannel electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) ...
Bhandari Prem - - 2013
Using longitudinal panel data from the Western Chitwan Valley of Nepal, this study investigates the impact of the use of modern farm technologies on fertility transition-specifically, the number of births in a farm household. Previous explanations for the slow pace of fertility transition in rural agricultural settings often argued that ...
Galetti Mauro M Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2013
Local extinctions have cascading effects on ecosystem functions, yet little is known about the potential for the rapid evolutionary change of species in human-modified scenarios. We show that the functional extinction of large-gape seed dispersers in the Brazilian Atlantic forest is associated with the consistent reduction of the seed size ...
Skorski Sabrina - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the reproducibility of pacing in elite swimmers during competitions and to compare heats and finals within one event. METHODS: Finals and heats of 158 male swimmers (age: 22.8±2.9y) from 29 nations were analysed in two competitions (downloaded from swimrankings.net). 134 were ...
Sampaio Jaime E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare time-motion variables, heart rate and players' tactical behaviour according to game pace (slow, normal or fast), status (winning and losing) and team unbalance (superiority and inferiority) in football 5-a-side small-sided games. To identify the most discriminating variables in classifying performances according to these constraints. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field ...
Olivetti Elsa - - 2013
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a technique used to assess the environmental impact of products, processes, or materials. Recently, its importance as a decision-making tool to help evaluate current inventories and innovation of environmentally responsible products has grown; however, the amount of information needed to completely assess even the simplest ...
Lian Jie - - 2013
AIMS: The aim of this study is to develop a new feature for automatic biventricular capture verification in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices, by means of morphological analysis of the intracardiac electrogram (IEGM).METHODS AND RESULTS: The algorithm performs capture classification based on a novel adaptive signed correlation index (ASCI), which ...
Schiller Marvin R G - - 2013
Mathematical proofs generally allow for various levels of detail and conciseness, such that they can be adapted for a particular audience or purpose. Using automated reasoning approaches for teaching proof construction in mathematics presupposes that the step size of proofs in such a system is appropriate within the teaching context. ...
de Koning Jos J - - 2013
Optimal pacing strategy was determined for breaking the world speed record on a human-powered vehicle (HPV) using an energy-flow model in which the rider's physical capacities, the vehicle's properties, and the environmental conditions were included. Power data from world-record attempts were compared with data from the model, and race protocols ...
Bishop Martin J MJ Biomedical Engineering Department, Division of Imaging Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Electrophysiological heterogeneity in action potential recordings from healthy intact hearts remains highly variable and, where present, is almost entirely abolished at fast pacing rates. Consequently, the functional importance of intrinsic action potential duration (APD) heterogeneity in healthy ventricles, and particularly its role during rapidly activating reentrant arrhythmias, remain poorly understood. ...
Frank Stefan L - - 2013
We make available word-by-word self-paced reading times and eye-tracking data over a sample of English sentences from narrative sources. These data are intended to form a gold standard for the evaluation of computational psycholinguistic models of sentence comprehension in English. We describe stimuli selection and data collection and present descriptive ...
Devoid Scott - - 2013
Over the past decade, genome-scale metabolic models have proven to be a crucial resource for predicting organism phenotypes from genotypes. These models provide a means of rapidly translating detailed knowledge of thousands of enzymatic processes into quantitative predictions of whole-cell behavior. Until recently, the pace of new metabolic model development ...
Vitousek Peter M - - 2013
New techniques have identified a wide range of organisms with the capacity to carry out biological nitrogen fixation (BNF)-greatly expanding our appreciation of the diversity and ubiquity of N fixers-but our understanding of the rates and controls of BNF at ecosystem and global scales has not advanced at the same ...
Ferreira Sam M - - 2013
Certain carnivore research projects and approaches depend on successful capture of individuals of interest. The number of people present at a capture site may determine success of a capture. In this study 36 lion capture cases in the Kruger National Park were used to evaluate whether the number of people ...
Calafate Carlos T - - 2013
The use of wireless sensor networks (WSN) in tracking applications is growing at a fast pace. In these applications, the sensor nodes discover, monitor and track an event or target object. A significant number of proposals relating the use of WSNs for target tracking have been published to date. However, ...
O'Shannassy Teresa O - - 2013
The epidemiology and outcome of malaria control initiatives are affected by a great diversity of factors including environment, economy and politics, to name but a few. Nowhere is this more obvious than in the GMS, where the rapid pace of economic development that has occurred over the past decade has ...
Bendixen Alexandra - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Combining behavioral and neurophysiological measurements inevitably implies mutual constraints, such as when the neurophysiological measurement requires fast-paced stimulus presentation and hence the attribution of a behavioral response to a particular preceding stimulus becomes ambiguous. We develop and test a method for validly assessing behavioral detection performance in spite of ...
Piotrowski Chris - - 2012
Black (2012), using a novel citation-type analysis, identified the most frequently cited journals in forensic psychology. The article prompted two pedagogic concerns: the lack of coverage regarding the attributes and limitations of currently available features of citation operations in major databases, and on the expository level, in addressing a specialist ...
Holsinger Edward - - 2012
Current models of idiom representation and processing differ with respect to the role of literal processing during the interpretation of idiomatic expressions. Word-like models (Bobrow & Bell, 1973; Swinney & Cutler, 1979) propose that idiomatic meaning can be accessed directly, whereas structural models (Cacciari & Tabossi, 1988; Cutting & Bock, ...
Mudge Joseph F - - 2012
Setting optimal significance levels that minimize Type I and Type II errors allows for more transparent and well-considered statistical decision making compared to the traditional α = 0.05 significance level. We use the optimal α approach to re-assess conclusions reached by three recently published tests of the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis, which attempts ...
Cerin Ester - - 2012
This study examined reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form (IPAQ-LC) in Chinese seniors, including moderating effects of neighborhood walkability and socioeconomic status (SES) on reliability and validity. The IPAQ-LC was interviewer-administered (n = 96), accelerometer and 7-day walk-diary data were collected (n ...
Beasley Christopher R CR Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 990 W. Fullerton Ave., Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2012
Person-environment fit (P-E fit) was initially espoused as an important construct in the field of community psychology; however, most of the theoretical and empirical development of the construct has been conducted by the industrial/organizational (I/O) psychologists and business management fields. In the current study, the GEFS-a P-E fit measure that ...
Dai Shu - - 2012
Variation in cardiac pacing cycles, as seen, for example, in heart rate variability, has been observed for decades. Contemporarily, various mathematical models have been constructed to investigate the electrical activity of paced cardiac cells. Yet there has not been a study of these cardiac models when there is variation in ...
Kondratiuk Paweł - - 2012
The model of scientific paradigms spreading throughout a community of agents with memory is analyzed using the master equation. The case of two competing ideas is considered for various networks of interactions, including agents placed at Erdős-Rényi graphs or complete graphs. The pace of adopting a new idea by the ...
Bowes Jeff - - 2012
Since the advent of computational methods in biology, the quantity of biological data has grown exponentially. These data support genomic, genetic, developmental, and other forms of biological experimentation. The number of on-line resources has kept pace with the growth in data. Xenopus has perhaps lagged some of the other model ...
Flanagan Keith - - 2012
As bioinformatics datasets grow ever larger, and analyses become increasingly complex, there is a need for data handling infrastructures to keep pace with developing technology. One solution is to apply Grid and Cloud technologies to address the computational requirements of analysing high throughput datasets. We present an approach for writing ...
Chun Rene F - - 2012
Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) plays a key role in the bioavailability of active 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)(2)D) and its precursor 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), but accurate analysis of DBP-bound and free 25OHD and 1,25(OH)(2)D is difficult. To address this, two new mathematical models were developed to estimate: 1) serum levels of ...
Salazar Gustavo A - - 2012
A large number of diverse, complex, and distributed data resources are currently available in the Bioinformatics domain. The pace of discovery and the diversity of information means that centralised reference databases like UniProt and Ensembl cannot integrate all potentially relevant information sources. From a user perspective however, centralised access to ...
Fisher Christopher R - - 2011
Semantic coherence is a higher-order coherence benchmark that assesses whether a constellation of estimates--P(A), P(B), P(B | A), and P(A | B)--maps onto the relationship between sets implied by the description of a given problem. We present an automated method for evaluating semantic coherence in conditional probability estimates that efficiently ...
Guglielmo Francesca - - 2011
Global fate and transport of γ-HCH and DDT was studied using a global multicompartment chemistry-transport model, MPI-MCTM, with and without a dynamic sea ice compartment. The MPI-MCTM is based on coupled ocean and atmosphere general circulation models. Sea ice hosts 7-9% of the burden of the surface ocean. Without cycling ...
Manson William C - - 2011
We compared the immediate cosmetic outcome of metallic foreign-body removal by emergency medicine (EM) residents with ultrasound guidance and conventional radiography. This single-blinded, randomized, crossover study evaluated the ability of EM residents to remove metallic pins embedded in pigs' feet. Before the experiment, we embedded 1.5-cm metallic pins into numbered ...
Douglas Angela E - - 2011
As in mammals, insect health is strongly influenced by the composition and activities of resident microorganisms. However, the microbiota of insects is generally less diverse than that of mammals, allowing microbial function in insects to be coupled to individual, identified microbial species. This trait of insect symbioses facilitates our understanding ...
Jia Chunrong C School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA. - - 2012
This study examines concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) measured inside and outside of 162 residences in southeast Michigan, U.S.A. Nested analyses apportioned four sources of variation: city, residence, season, and measurement uncertainty. Indoor measurements were dominated by seasonal and residence effects, accounting for 50 and 31%, respectively, of the ...
Habimana Olivier - - 2011
Surfaces in industrial settings provide a home for resident biofilms that are likely to interact with the attachment, growth and survival of pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes. Experimental results have indicated that L. monocytogenes cells were inhibited by the presence of a model resident flora (Lactococcus lactis) in dual-species continuous ...
Jin Xiaowei - - 2011
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) is a common chemical intermediate and a by-product of water chlorination and combustion processes, and is a priority pollutant of the aquatic environment in many countries. Although information on the toxicity of 2,4,6-TCP is available, there is a lack of information on the predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC) of ...
Jenkins Marion W - - 2011
A two-factor three-block experimental design was developed to permit rigorous evaluation and modeling of the main effects and interactions of sand size (d(10) of 0.17 and 0.52mm) and hydraulic head (10, 20, and 30cm) on removal of fecal coliform (FC) bacteria, MS2 bacteriophage virus, and turbidity, under two batch operating ...
Alexander Gregory L - - 2011
The effectiveness of clinical information systems to improve nursing and patient outcomes depends on human factors, including system usability, organizational workflow, and user satisfaction. The aim of this study was to examine to what extent residents, family members, and clinicians find a sensor data interface used to monitor elder activity ...
van der Schoot Menno - - 2012
In two experiments, we investigated comprehension monitoring in 10-12 years old children differing in reading comprehension skill. The children's self-paced reading times (Experiment 1) and eye fixations and regressions (Experiment 2) were measured as they read narrative texts in which an action of the protagonist was consistent or inconsistent with a ...
Li Zhen-Shan - - 2011
Reliable and accurate determinations of the quantities and composition of wastes is required for the planning of municipal solid waste (MSW) management systems. A model, based on the interrelationships of expenditure on consumer goods, time distribution, daily activities, residents groups, and waste generation, was developed and employed to estimate MSW ...
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