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Alexandrou Markos A MA Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA - - 2015
The competition-relatedness hypothesis (CRH) predicts that the strength of competition is the strongest among closely related species and decreases as species become less related. This hypothesis is based on the assumption that common ancestry causes close relatives to share biological traits that lead to greater ecological similarity. Although intuitively appealing, ...
Walsh Matthew R MR Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA - - 2015
Much work has shown that the environment can induce non-genetic changes in phenotype that span multiple generations. Theory predicts that predictable environmental variation selects for both increased within- and across-generation responses. Yet, to the best of our knowledge, there are no empirical tests of this prediction. We explored the relationship ...
Wu Jiansheng J The Key Laboratory for Environmental and Urban Sciences, School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen, 518055, - - 2014
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is the major air pollutant in Beijing, posing serious threats to human health. Land use regression (LUR) has been widely used in predicting spatiotemporal variation of ambient air-pollutant concentrations, though restricted to the European and North American context. We aimed to estimate spatiotemporal variations of PM2.5 ...
Zaidi A Z AZ Institute of Space Technology, 28-Gulzar-e-Hijri, Off Univ. Rd., Karachi, 75270, Pakistan, - - 2014
Water quality trading (WQT) is supported by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) under the framework of its total maximum daily load (TMDL) program. An innovative approach is presented in this paper that proposes post-TMDL trade by calculating pollutant rights for each pollutant source within a watershed. Several water quality ...
Ragettli Martina S MS 1] Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland [2] University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Exposure during transport and at non-residential locations is ignored in most epidemiological studies of traffic-related air pollution. We investigated the impact of separately estimating NO2 long-term outdoor exposures at home, work/school, and while commuting on the association between this marker of exposure and potential health outcomes. We used spatially and ...
van Drongelen A A Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands, KLM Health Services, 1117 ZL Schiphol, The Netherlands - - 2014
Shift work research has shown that the relationship between exposure to irregular working times and sickness absence may differ between working populations. Not much is known about the prevalence of sickness absence in flight crews or about the relationship between exposure to different flight schedules and sickness absence in this ...
van Wanrooy Marjolijn J P MJ University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, The - - 2014
Efficacy of anidulafungin is driven by the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)/MIC ratio. Determination of the anidulafungin AUC along with MIC values can therefore be useful. Since obtaining a full concentration-time curve to determine an AUC is not always feasible or appropriate, limited sampling strategies may be useful to ...
Huang Jiaoyan - - 2014
To understand gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM) sources to the Western US, data were collected with passive samplers for ambient GOM concentrations and dry deposition at 10 sites from the coast of the Pacific Ocean to Great Basin National Park. Tests were done to better understand the samplers and the materials ...
Killeen Daniel Patrick - - 2014
Hops, Humulus lupulus, are grown worldwide for use in the brewing industry to impart characteristic flavour and aroma to finished beer. Breeders produce many varietal crosses with the aim of improving and diversifying commercial hops varieties. The large number of crosses critical to a successful breeding program imposes high demands ...
Piir G G a Institute of Chemistry , University of Tartu , Tartu , - - 2014
In environmental risk assessment, the bio-concentration factor (BCF) is a widely used parameter in the estimation of the bio-accumulation potential of chemicals. BCF data often have an uneven distribution of classes (bio-accumulative vs. non-bio-accumulative), which could severely bias the classification results towards the prevailing class. The present study focuses on ...
Balistrieri Laurie S LS US Geological Survey, Idaho Water Science Center, Boise, Idaho, - - 2014
A modeling approach that was used to predict the toxicity of dissolved single and multiple metals to trout is extended to stream benthic macroinvertebrates, freshwater zooplankton, and daphnia magna. The approach predicts the accumulation of toxicants (h, al, cd, cu, ni, pb, and zn) on organisms using three equilibrium accumulation ...
Farley Kevin J KJ Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Manhattan College, Riverdale, New York, - - 2014
A comparison of 4 metal-mixture toxicity models (that were based on the Biotic Ligand Model and WHAM-FTOX) was presented in the previous paper. In the present study, a streamlined version of the 4 models was developed and applied to multiple datasets and test conditions to examine key assumptions and calibration ...
Marshall Brandon D L - - 2014
Calls for the adoption of complex systems approaches, including agent-based modeling, in the field of epidemiology have largely centered on the potential for such methods to examine complex disease etiologies, which are characterized by feedback behavior, interference, threshold dynamics, and multiple interacting causal effects. However, considerable theoretical and practical issues ...
Valdor Paloma F PF Environmental Hydraulics Institute "IH Cantabria", Universidad de Cantabria, C/Isabel Torres No. 15, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diffuse pollution from oil spills is a widespread problem in port areas (as a result of fuel supply, navigation and loading/unloading activities). This article presents a method to assess the environmental risk of oil handling facilities in port areas. The method is based on (i) identification of environmental hazards, (ii) ...
Salis Michele M Department of Science for Nature and Environmental Resources (DIPNET), University of Sassari, Via De Nicola 9, 07100, Sassari, Italy, - - 2015
In this paper, we applied landscape scale wildfire simulation modeling to explore the spatiotemporal patterns of wildfire likelihood and intensity in the island of Sardinia (Italy). We also performed wildfire exposure analysis for selected highly valued resources on the island to identify areas characterized by high risk. We observed substantial ...
Schimel David D Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, - - 2014
Terrestrial ecosystem and carbon cycle feedbacks will significantly impact future climate, but their responses are highly uncertain. Models and tipping point analyses suggest the tropics and Arctic/Boreal zone carbon-climate feedbacks could be disproportionately large. In situ observations in those regions are sparse, resulting in high uncertainties in carbon fluxes and ...
Pascual-García Alberto - - 2014
BackgroundSince the landmark Santa Rosalia paper by Hutchinson, niche theory addresses the determinants of biodiversity in terms of both environmental and biological aspects. Disentangling the role of habitat filtering and interactions with other species is critical for understanding microbial ecology. Macroscopic biogeography explores hypothetical ecological interactions through the analysis of ...
Yuan Lester L LL Office of Science and Technology, Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC, 20460, USA, - - 2014
Excess nutrient loading increases algal abundance which can cause hypoxia in many lakes and reservoirs. We used a divisive partitioning approach to analyze dissolved oxygen profile data collected across the continental United States to increase the precision of estimated relationships between chlorophyll a (chl a) concentrations and the extent of ...
Araújo Márcio S - - 2014
BackgroundPhenotypic diversity among populations may result from divergent natural selection acting directly on traits or via correlated responses to changes in other traits. One of the most frequent patterns of correlated response is the proportional change in the dimensions of anatomical traits associated with changes in growth or absolute size, ...
Kumar Prashant P Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences (FEPS), University of Surrey Guildford, GU2 7XH Surrey, United Kingdom; Environmental Flow Research Centre, FEPS, University of Surrey Guildford, GU2 7XH Surrey, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ever growing populations in cities are associated with a major increase in road vehicles and air pollution. The overall high levels of urban air pollution have been shown to be of a significant risk to city dwellers. However, the impacts of very high but temporally and spatially restricted pollution, and ...
Alexandrov Maxym M Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8530, - - 2015
An emerging alternative to the commonly used analytical methods for asbestos analysis is fluorescence microscopy (FM), which relies on highly specific asbestos-binding probes to distinguish asbestos from interfering non-asbestos fibers. However, all types of microscopic asbestos analysis require laborious examination of large number of fields of view and are prone ...
Weichenthal Scott - - 2014
Commuters may be exposed to increased levels of traffic-related air pollution owing to close proximity to traffic-emissions. We collected in-vehicle and roof-top air pollution measurements over 238 commutes in Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver, Canada between 2010 and 2013. Voice recordings were used to collect real-time information on traffic density and ...
Austin Thomas T Shell International, Shell Health, Manchester, United - - 2014
As a result of the stringent data requirements of the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation, a vast amount of ecotoxicological data has become available through the dissemination portal of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). As of April 2014, the database contained 12 439 unique substances from ...
Friesen Melissa C MC Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA - - 2014
Rule-based expert exposure assessment based on questionnaire response patterns in population-based studies improves the transparency of the decisions. The number of unique response patterns, however, can be nearly equal to the number of jobs. An expert may reduce the number of patterns that need assessment using expert opinion, but each ...
Lombardo Andrea A LASA - Environmental Systems Analysis Lab, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, - - 2014
Conventional approaches to estimating protective ecotoxicological thresholds of chemicals, i.e. predicted no-effect concentrations (PNEC), for an entire ecosystem are based on the use of assessment factors to extrapolate from single-species toxicity data derived in the laboratory to community-level effects on ecosystems. Aquatic food web models may be a useful tool ...
Clary Christelle M CM Université de Montréal - Département de médecine sociale et préventive, 7101 Avenue du Parc, Montréal (Qc) H3N 1X9 - Canada; Centre de recherche du CHUM, 850 St-Denis, Montréal (Qc) H2X 0A9 - Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper explores which of absolute (i.e. densities of "healthy" and "unhealthy" food outlets taken separately) or relative (i.e. the percentage of "healthy" outlets) measures of foodscape exposure better predicts fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), and whether those associations are modified by gender and city in Canada. Self-reported FVI from ...
Post van der Burg Max M U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, 8711 37th St. SE, Jamestown, ND 58401, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extraction of oil and gas via unconventional methods is becoming an important aspect of energy production worldwide. Studying the effects of this development in countries where these technologies are being widely used may provide other countries, where development may be proposed, with some insight in terms of concerns associated with ...
Ipiña Emiliano Pérez EP Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The interior of cells is a highly fluctuating environment. Fluctuations set limits to the accuracy with which endogenous processes can occur. The physical principles that rule these limits also affect the experimental quantification of biophysical parameters in situ. The characterization of fluctuations, on the other hand, provides a way to quantify ...
Pollard Thomas D TD Departments of Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology, Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, and Cell Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review illustrates the value of quantitative information including concentrations, kinetic constants and equilibrium constants in modeling and simulating complex biological processes. Although much has been learned about some biological systems without these parameter values, they greatly strengthen mechanistic accounts of dynamical systems. The analysis of muscle contraction is a ...
Schenk Linda L 1. Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Department of Philosophy and History, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
The European REACH regulation places responsibility for providing safety information, including derived no-effect levels (DNELs), on chemicals and chemical products on 'industry', i.e. manufacturers and importers. We compared long-term inhalation worker-DNELs (wDNELs) presented by industry with the corresponding Swedish occupational exposure limits (OELs), and for a subset, with wDNELs derived ...
Papadopoulos A A French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (ANSES, Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail), 27 avenue du Général Leclerc, F-94701 Maisons-Alfort, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this article is to develop a general method based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) methodology to rank the substances to be studied in a Total Diet Studies (TDS). This method was tested for different substances and groups of substances (N=113), for which the TDS approach has ...
Bozkoyunlu Gaye G a Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering , Ankara University , Tando─čan , Ankara 06100 , - - 2014
Olive mill wastewater (OMW) with total phenol (TP) concentration range of 300-1200 mg/L was treated with alginate-immobilized Rhodotorula glutinis cells in batch system. The effects of pellet properties (diameter, alginate concentration and cell loading (CL)) and operational parameters (initial TP concentration, agitation rate and reusability of pellets) on dephenolization of OMW ...
Olvera Hector A HA Center for Environmental Resource Management, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso TX 79968, USA ; School of Nursing, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., EL Paso TX 79968, USA ; Hispanic Health Disparities Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., EL Paso TX 79968, - - 2014
Annual average daily particle number concentrations around a highway were estimated with an atmospheric dispersion model and a land use regression model. The dispersion model was used to estimate particle concentrations along Interstate 10 at 98 locations within El Paso, Texas. This model employed annual averaged wind speed and annual ...
Kengwoung-Keumo Jean-Jacques JJ Department of Mathematical Sciences, Cameron University, 2800 West Gore Boulevard, Lawton, OK 73505, United States. - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to investigate the manner in which predation and single-nutrient competition affect the dynamics of a non-toxic and a toxic phytoplankton species in a homogeneous environment (such as a chemostat). We allow for the possibility that both species serve as prey for an herbivorous zooplankton ...
Van Der Kraak Glen J GJ Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph , Guelph, ON , - - 2014
Abstract A quantitative weight of evidence (WoE) approach was developed to evaluate studies used for regulatory purposes, as well as those in the open literature, that report the effects of the herbicide atrazine on fish, amphibians, and reptiles. The methodology for WoE analysis incorporated a detailed assessment of the relevance ...
Besson M M Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338, NL-6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands AgroParisTech, UMR1313 Génétique animale et biologie intégrative, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris 05, France INRA, UMR1313 Génétique animale et biologie intégrative, Allée de Vilvert, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France - - 2014
In fish farming, economic values (EV) of breeding goal traits are lacking, even though they are key parameters when defining selection objectives. The aim of this study was to develop a bioeconomic model to estimate EV of 2 traits representing production performances in fish farming: the thermal growth coefficient (TGC) ...
Jirina Marcel - - 2014
Correlation dimension (CD), singularity exponents, also called scaling exponents, are widely used in multifractal chaotic series analysis. CD and other measures of effective dimensionality are used for characterization of data in applications. A direct use of CD to multidimensional data classification has not been hitherto presented. There are observations that ...
Figueiró Ronaldo R Laboratório de Biotecnologia Ambiental, Centro Universitário Estadual da Zona Oeste (UEZO), Rio de Janeiro -RJ, Brazil; Laboratório de Simulídeos e Oncocercose, Referência Nacional em Simulídeos, Oncocercose e Mansonelose, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundacão Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil; Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos, Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil; Centro Universitário de Volta Redonda (UNIFOA), Volta Redonda - RJ, Brazil. - - 2014
We investigated the spatial and temporal distribution of blackfly larvae on a mesohabitat scale atfour different breeding sites in the Brazilian savannah "Cerrado." A total of 2,385 larvae of 12 different species were collected, and three of the sampling sites revealedspecies richness and diversity peaks in April. A principal components ...
Anthony T Renée TR a Department of Occupational and Environmental Health , University of Iowa , 105 River Street, Iowa City , IA - - 2014
Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling was performed to investigate the aspiration efficiency of the human head in low velocities to examine whether the current inhaled particulate mass (IPM) sampling criterion matches the aspiration efficiency of an inhaling human in airflows common to worker exposures. Data from both mouth and ...
Lake Kirk K a Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences , Colorado State University , Fort Collins , CO , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Personal sampling, considered a state-of-the-art technique to assess worker exposures to occupational hazards, is often conducted for the duration of a workshift so that time-weighted average (TWA) exposures may be evaluated relative to published occupational exposure limits. Such cross-shift measurements, however, provide little information on the spatial variability of ...
Dzwairo B B Durban University of Technology, Institute for Water and Wastewater Technology, P. O. Box 1334, 4000, South Africa E-mail: - - 2014
A chemical pollution assessment and prioritisation model was developed for the Upper and Middle Vaal water management areas of South Africa in order to provide a simple and practical Pollution Index to assist with mitigation and rehabilitation activities. Historical data for 2003 to 2008 from 21 river sites were cubic-interpolated ...
Zhao Huaying H Dynamics of Macromolecular Assembly Section, Laboratory of Cellular Imaging and Macromolecular Biophysics, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, - - 2014
Isothermal titration calorimetry experiments can provide significantly more detailed information about molecular interactions when combined in global analysis. For example, global analysis can improve the precision of binding affinity and enthalpy, and of possible linkage parameters, even for simple bimolecular interactions, and greatly facilitate the study of multi-site and multi-component ...
Shamsipour Mansour M 1)Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2)Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3)Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Management and cleaning of large environmental monitored data sets is a specific challenge. In this article, the authors present a novel framework for exploring and cleaning large datasets. As a case study, we applied the method on air quality data of Tehran, Iran from 1996 to 2013.  The framework consists ...
Cruz Madalena V MV REQUIMTE/CQFB, Departamento de Química, FCT/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, - - 2014
Online monitoring process for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), using cooking oil (UCO) as the sole carbon source and Cupriavidus necator, was developed. A batch reactor was operated and hydroxybutyrate homopolymer was obtained. The biomass reached a maximum concentration of 11.6±1.7gL(-1) with a polymer content of 63±10.7% (w/w). The yield ...
Lopez Michael J MJ Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA - - 2014
Propensity score methods are common for estimating a binary treatment effect when treatment assignment is not randomized. When exposure is measured on an ordinal scale (i.e. low-medium-high), however, propensity score inference requires extensions which have received limited attention. Estimands of possible interest with an ordinal exposure are the average treatment ...
Tatum-Gibbs K R KR Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education, Oak Ridge, - - 2014
The data generated by current high-throughput assays for chemical toxicity require information to link effects at molecular targets to adverse outcomes in whole animals. In addition, more efficient methods for testing volatile chemicals are needed. Here we begin to address these issues by determining the utility of measuring behavioral responses ...
Jauchem James R JR Bio-effects Division, Human Effectiveness Directorate, 711th Human Performance Wing, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Fort Sam Houston, TX, - - 2014
TASER(®) conducted electrical weapons (CEWs) are an important law-enforcement tool. The purposes of this study are a) to review recent literature regarding potential pathophysiological responses to applications of CEWs, and other related issues and b) to evaluate whether enough data exist to determine the acceptability of longer-duration (or repeated) exposures. ...
Hall Matthew M Department of Policy Analysis and Management and Cornell Population Center, Cornell University, 295 MVR Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA, - - 2014
Using longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics linked to three decades of census data on immigrant settlement patterns, this study examines how the migration behaviors of native-born whites and blacks are related to local immigrant concentrations, and how this relationship varies across traditional and nontraditional metropolitan gateways. ...
Lehmann René R Lessingstraße 43, 39218, Schönebeck, Germany, - - 2015
To assess the state of the environment, various compartments are examined as part of monitoring programs. Within monitoring, a special focus is on chemical pollution. One of the most toxic substances ever synthesized is the well-known dioxin 2,3,7,8-TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetra-chlor-dibenzo-dioxin). Other PCDD/F (polychlorinated-dibenzo-dioxin and furan) can act toxic too. They are ...
Wheeler David C DC 1.Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, 830 East Main Street, Richmond, VA 23298, USA - - 2014
To evaluate occupational exposures in case-control studies, exposure assessors typically review each job individually to assign exposure estimates. This process lacks transparency and does not provide a mechanism for recreating the decision rules in other studies. In our previous work, nominal (unordered categorical) classification trees (CTs) generally successfully predicted expert-assessed ...
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