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Gienapp Phillip P Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), PO Box 50, 6700 AB Wageningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
The seasonal timing of lifecycle events is closely linked to individual fitness and hence, maladaptation in phenological traits may impact population dynamics. However, few studies have analysed whether and why climate change will alter selection pressures and hence possibly induce maladaptation in phenology. To fill this gap, we here use ...
Newbold Tim T United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK Computational Science Laboratory, Microsoft Research Cambridge, 21 Station Road, Cambridge CB1 2FB, UK - - 2014
Habitat loss and degradation, driven largely by agricultural expansion and intensification, present the greatest immediate threat to biodiversity. Tropical forests harbour among the highest levels of terrestrial species diversity and are likely to experience rapid land-use change in the coming decades. Synthetic analyses of observed responses of species are useful ...
Patrick Reilly J J *Metatec Associates. 12516 Davan Dr., Silver Spring, MD - - 2014
Differences between IEEE C95 Standards (C95.6-2002 and C95.1-2005) in the low-frequency (1 Hz-100 kHz) and the ICNIRP-2010 guidelines appear across the frequency spectrum. Factors accounting for lack of convergence include: differences between the IEEE standards and the ICNIRP guidelines with respect to biological induction models, stated objectives, data trail from ...
Meisenzahl Lawrence R LR a Engineering Department , E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Company , Wilmington , - - 2014
Assured containment at low airflow has long eluded the users of ventilated enclosures including chemical fume hoods used throughout industry. It is proposed that containment will be enhanced in a hood that has a particular interior shape that causes a natural vortex to occur. The sustained vortex improves the containment ...
Chaosakul Thitirat T a Environmental Engineering and Management, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology , Bangkok , - - 2014
Most sewers in developing countries are combined sewers which receive stormwater and effluent from septic tanks or cesspools of households and buildings. Although the wastewater strength in these sewers is usually lower than those in developed countries, due to improper construction and maintenance, the hydraulic retention time (HRT) could be ...
Burrows Adam S AS Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, - - 2014
Exoplanets are now being discovered in profusion. To understand their character, however, we require spectral models and data. These elements of remote sensing can yield temperatures, compositions and even weather patterns, but only if significant improvements in both the parameter retrieval process and measurements are made. Despite heroic efforts to ...
Toropova Alla P AP IRCCS, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, 20156, Via La Masa 19, Milan, - - 2014
Systematization of knowledge on nanomaterials has become a necessity with the fast growth of applications of these species. Building up predictive models that describe properties (both beneficial and hazardous) of nanomaterials is vital for computational sciences. Classic quantitative structure- property/activity relationships (QSPR/QSAR) are not suitable for investigating nanomaterials because of ...
Aguilera Inmaculada I 1] Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland [2] University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Noise prediction models and noise maps are used to estimate the exposure to road traffic noise, but their availability and the quality of the noise estimates is sometimes limited. This paper explores the application of land use regression (LUR) modelling to assess the long-term intraurban spatial variability of road traffic ...
Arlt Tobias T Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin, Germany. - - 2014
A novel combination of in operando X-ray tomography and model-based analysis of zinc air batteries is introduced. Using this approach the correlation between the three-dimensional morphological properties of the electrode - on the one hand - and the electrochemical properties of the battery - on the other hand is revealed. ...
Isaacs Kristin K - - 2014
United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) researchers are developing a strategy for high-throughput (HT) exposure-based prioritization of chemicals under the ExpoCast program. These novel modeling approaches for evaluating chemicals based on their potential for biologically-relevant human exposures will inform toxicity testing and prioritization for chemical risk assessment. Based on probabilistic ...
Meyer Kathryn M KM Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Research Triangle Park, NC, - - 2014
To evaluate five commercially available sporicidal wipes and two disinfecting wipes for their ability to inactivate Bacillus atrophaeus spores deposited onto various material surfaces. Decontamination efficacy of the wipes was initially tested on glass Petri dishes (150 mm diameter). Following exposure for a specified time of contact, survival of the ...
Luo Zhenhua Z Molecular and Behavioral Ecology Research Group, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, - - 2014
Understanding the effects of climate change on primate ranging patterns is crucial for conservation planning. Rhinopithecus roxellana is an endangered primate species distributed in mountainous forests at the elevation of 1500-3500 m a.s.l. in China. Our study site, the Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, represents the eastern-most distribution of this species. This ...
Barker Richard R Richard Barker, Martin Kruusmägi, Pharmaceutical Development, AstraZeneca R&D, Macclesfield, - - 2014
Methods to understand and predict the oral bioavailability of drug products are a prioritized research area within the pharmaceutical industry. Models to predict oral bioavailability have the potential to reduce risk, time, and cost in development as well as decrease the need for animal studies. The TNO intestinal model (TIM-1) ...
Tomić Nataša M - - 2014
Ultrafine CeO2-δ nanopowder, prepared by a simple and cost effective self-propagating room temperature synthesis method (SPRT), showed high adsorption capability for removal of different azo dyes. Batch type of adsorption experiments with fixed initial pH value were conducted for the removal of Reactive Orange 16 (RO16), Methyl Orange (MO), and ...
Long D Leann DL Department of Biostatistics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, - - 2014
The zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression model is often employed in public health research to examine the relationships between exposures of interest and a count outcome exhibiting many zeros, in excess of the amount expected under sampling from a Poisson distribution. The regression coefficients of the ZIP model have latent class ...
Kearney Kelly A KA Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL, 33149, USA, - - 2014
The Florida Bay ecosystem supports a number of economically important ecosystem services, including several recreational fisheries, which may be affected by changing salinity and temperature due to climate change. In this paper, we use a combination of physical models and habitat suitability index models to quantify the effects of potential ...
Li Xiang X Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Human biomonitoring of exposure to environmental chemicals is important. Individual monitoring is not viable because of low individual exposure level or insufficient volume of materials and the prohibitive cost of taking measurements from many subjects. Pooling of samples is an efficient and cost-effective way to collect data. Estimation is, however, ...
Wei Peng P Division of Biostatistics and Human Genetics Center, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Most complex human diseases are likely the consequence of the joint actions of genetic and environmental factors. Identification of gene-environment (G × E) interactions not only contributes to a better understanding of the disease mechanisms, but also improves disease risk prediction and targeted intervention. In contrast to the large number ...
Fonger George Charles GC National Library of Medicine, Division of Specialized Information Services, Bethesda, MD 20894. Electronic address: - - 2014
The National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Division of Specialized Information Services (SIS) Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program is responsible for the management of the online Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB). HSDB, a part of NLM's Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET®), is a file of chemical/substance information with one record for ...
Zeng Hong-Hu HH College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004, People's Republic of - - 2014
The individual toxicities of five organophosphorus pesticides (dichlorvos, parathion, methyl parathion, malathion and dimethoate) to Daphnia magna were investigated in 24-h immobilization experiments. Using these toxicity data, their combined toxicities were measured in pesticide mixtures designed using either 'equivalent-effect concentration ratios' or 'uniform-design concentration ratios'. The toxicities of mixtures of ...
Hilton Gina M GM Department of Biological Sciences, North Carolina State University, CB 7633, Raleigh, NC 27695, United - - 2014
Monoethyl phthalate (MEP) is a metabolite used to assess exposure to diethyl phthalate (DEP). Helicobacter Pylori (HP) has been shown to produce DEP in laboratory studies. We used NHANES 1999-2000 data for 1623 adults to investigate whether HP seropositivity was associated with MEP levels. MEP levels were higher in individuals ...
Levanon Yafa Y a Department of Occupational Therapy , School of Health Professions, Tel Aviv University , P.O.B. 39040, Ramat-Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978 , - - 2014
Awkward body posture while typing is associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Valid rapid assessment of computer workers' body posture is essential for the prevention of MSD among this large population. This study aimed to examine the validity of the modified rapid upper limb assessment (mRULA) which adjusted the rapid upper ...
Lenters Virissa V Division of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Numerous environmental contaminants have been linked to adverse reproductive health outcomes. However, the complex correlation structure of exposures and multiple testing issues limit the interpretation of existing evidence. Our objective was to identify, from a large set of contaminant exposures, exposure profiles associated with biomarkers of male reproductive function. In ...
Lessard Charlotte R CR Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, - - 2014
A dynamic mass balance model was developed for the St. Lawrence River near Cornwall, Ontario that predicts and hindcasts mercury concentrations and fluxes in three forms, elemental Hg (Hg(0)), divalent mercury (Hg(2+)), and methyl mercury (MeHg), in a six compartment environment (air, water, porewater, sediment, periphyton, and benthic invertebrates). Our ...
Zhu Hao - - 2014
High Throughput Screening (HTS) assays that measure the in vitro toxicity of environmental compounds have been widely applied as an alternative to in vivo animal tests of chemical toxicity. Current HTS studies provide the community with rich toxicology information that has the potential to be integrated into toxicity research. The ...
Kumar Avishek A Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, - - 2014
The recent synthesis and characterisation of bilayers of vitreous silica has produced valuable new information on ring sizes and distributions. In this paper, we compare the ring statistics of experimental samples with computer generated samples. The average ring size is fixed at six by topology, but the width, skewness and ...
Calvimontes A A Alfredo Calvimontes, Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden e.V., Hohe Str. 6, 01069 Dresden, Germany. - - 2014
The thermodynamic model of wetting developed and tested in this work allows the understanding and prediction of apparent contact angles on topographic maps of real and digitally-generated microstructures. The model considers the solid component as a set of finite areal elements in the form of a polygonal map. Liquid and ...
Koh Dong-Hee DH 1.Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA 3.Present address: National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769, - - 2014
The published literature provides useful exposure measurements that can aid retrospective exposure assessment efforts, but the analysis of this data is challenging as it is usually reported as means, ranges, and measures of variability. We used mixed-effects meta-analysis regression models, which are commonly used to summarize health risks from multiple ...
van Gaalen Rolina D RD Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Pharmacovigilance monitors the safety of drugs after their approval and marketing. Timely detection of adverse effects is important. The true relationship between time-varying drug use and the adverse event risk is typically unknown. Yet, most current pharmacovigilance studies rely on arbitrarily chosen exposure metrics such as current exposure or use ...
Agbo Peter - - 2014
We report a general kinetics model for catalytic dioxygen reduction on multicopper oxidase (MCO) cathodes. Our rate equation combines Butler-Volmer (BV) electrode kinetics and the Michaelis-Menten (MM) formalism for enzymatic catalysis, with the BV model accounting for interfacial electron transfer (ET) between the electrode surface and the MCO type 1 ...
Simşek Uygun Burcu B Department of Environmental Engineering, Anadolu University, İki Eylül Campus, 26555, Eskişehir, Turkey, - - 2014
After the industrial revolution, urban growth has been increasing, especially with technological advances. Urbanization is accelerating environmental pollution and also affects climate significantly because of land use or land cover changes. In this study, the Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model developed by the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) is ...
Talih Soha S American University of Beirut, Lebanon Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
Some electronic cigarette (ECIG) users attain tobacco cigarette-like plasma nicotine concentrations, while others do not. Understanding the factors that influence ECIG aerosol nicotine delivery is relevant to regulation, including product labeling and abuse liability. These factors may include user puff topography, ECIG liquid composition, and ECIG design features. This study ...
Baker Tracie R TR Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI - - 2014
Dioxin (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD) is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist, an endocrine disruptor, and a potent global pollutant. TCDD exposure is associated with diseases of almost every organ system, and its toxicity is highly conserved across vertebrates. While the acute developmental effects of dioxin exposure have been extensively studied, the ...
Brüning Thomas T Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance (IPA), Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
There is a need of guidance on how local irritancy data should be incorporated into risk assessment procedures, particularly with respect to the derivation of occupational exposure limits (OELs). Therefore, a board of experts from German committees in charge of the derivation of OELs discussed the major challenges of this ...
Bruno Garza Jennifer L - - 2014
Due to difficulties in performing direct measurements as an exposure assessment technique, evidence supporting an association between physical exposures such as neck and shoulder muscle activities and postures and musculoskeletal disorders during computer use is limited. Alternative exposure assessment techniques are needed. We predicted the median and range of amplitude ...
Price Jason J Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Building 229, DK-2800 Kgs., Lyngby, - - 2014
In this paper a kinetic model for the enzymatic transesterification of rapeseed oil with methanol using Callera™ Trans L (a liquid formulation of a modified Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase) was developed from first principles. We base the model formulation on a Ping-Pong Bi-Bi mechanism. Methanol inhibition, along with the interfacial and ...
Amancio Camila Trolez CT Department of Medicine, Universidade de Taubaté, Taubaté, São Paulo, - - 2014
Little has been discussed about the increased risk of stroke after exposure to air pollutants, particularly in Brazil. The mechanisms through which air pollution can influence occurrences of vascular events such as stroke are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to estimate the association between exposure to ...
Xue Jianping J U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The U.S. EPA's SHEDS-Multimedia model was applied to enhance the understanding of children's exposures and doses to multiple pyrethroid pesticides, including major contributing chemicals and pathways. This paper presents combined dietary and residential exposure estimates and cumulative doses for seven commonly used pyrethroids, and comparisons of model evaluation results with ...
Malanson George P GP Department of Geographical & Sustainability Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
The effects of extended climatic variability on agricultural land use were explored for the type of system found in villages of northeastern Thailand. An agent based model developed for the Nang Rong district was used to simulate land allotted to jasmine rice, heavy rice, cassava, and sugar cane. The land ...
Mauderly Joe L JL Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute , Albuquerque, NM , USA - - 2014
Abstract An approach to identify causal components of complex air pollution mixtures was explored. Rats and mice were exposed by inhalation 6 h daily for 1 week or 6 months to dilutions of simulated downwind coal emissions, diesel and gasoline exhausts and wood smoke. Organ weights, hematology, serum chemistry, bronchoalveolar lavage, ...
Friesen Melissa C MC 1.Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 9609 Medical Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-7240, USA - - 2014
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a carcinogen that has been linked to kidney cancer and possibly other cancer sites including non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Its use in China has increased since the early 1990s with China's growing metal, electronic, and telecommunications industries. We examined historical occupational TCE air concentration patterns in a database of ...
Suvitaival Tommi T Helsinki Institute for Information Technology HIIT, Department of Information and Computer Science, Aalto University, FI-00076 Espoo, Finland, School of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK and Helsinki Institute for Information Technology HIIT, Department of Computer Science, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Data analysis for metabolomics suffers from uncertainty because of the noisy measurement technology and the small sample size of experiments. Noise and the small sample size lead to a high probability of false findings. Further, individual compounds have natural variation between samples, which in many cases renders them unreliable as ...
Krenzelok E P EP Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh, PA , - - 2014
Abstract Context. Over 2 million human exposure calls are reported annually to United States regional poison information centers. All exposures are documented electronically and submitted to the American Association of Poison Control Center's National Poison Data System. This database represents the largest data source available on the epidemiology of pharmaceutical ...
Poersch Luís H LH Universidade Federal do Rio Grande/FURG, Rio Grande, RS, - - 2014
Ecological modeling has been used as a tool to estimate potential impacts caused by aquaculture to the surrounding environment. In this work, a mathematical model was applied to estimate the maximum amount of pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus paulensis) culture units (3,100m2 pen enclosures) that could be installed at two shallow estuarine ...
Morgan Kate V KV School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Harold Mitchell Building, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, KY16 9TH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
For both humans and animals preference for one option over others can be influenced by the context in which the options occur. In animals, changes in preference could be due to comparative decision-making or to changes in the energy state of the animal when making decisions. We investigated which of ...
Boulay Marc - - 2014
Over the past decade, efforts to increase the use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) have relied primarily on the routine distribution of bed nets to pregnant women attending antenatal services or on the mass distribution of bed nets to households. While these distributions have increased the proportion of households owning ...
Soerensen Anne L - - 2014
Air-sea exchange of elemental mercury (Hg(0)) is a critical component of the global biogeochemical Hg cycle. To better understand variability in atmospheric and oceanic Hg(0), we collected high-resolution measurements across large gradients in seawater temperature, salinity, and productivity in the Pacific Ocean (20°N-15°S). We modeled surface ocean Hg inputs and ...
Gormley Fraser J FJ Aviagen Ltd, 11 Lochend Road, Newbridge, Midlothian EH28 8SZ, UK. - - 2014
The zoonotic association between Campylobacter in poultry and humans has been characterised by decades of research which has attempted to elucidate the epidemiology of this complex relationship and to reduce carriage within poultry. While much work has focussed on the mechanisms facilitating its success in contaminating chicken flocks (and other ...
Singh Kunwar P KP Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Anusandhan Bhawan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi-110 001, - - 2014
Pesticides are designed toxic chemicals for specific purposes and can harm nontarget species as well. The honey bee is considered a nontarget test species for toxicity evaluation of chemicals. Global QSTR (quantitative structure-toxicity relationship) models were established for qualitative and quantitative toxicity prediction of pesticides in honey bee (Apis mellifera) ...
Kura Nura Umar NU Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
In this work, the DRASTIC and GALDIT models were employed to determine the groundwater vulnerability to contamination from anthropogenic activities and seawater intrusion in Kapas Island. In addition, the work also utilized sensitivity analysis to evaluate the influence of each individual parameter used in developing the final models. Based on ...
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