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D Benson James J Department of Mathematical Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, 60115, USA, - - 2015
Modeling plays a critical role in understanding the biophysical processes behind cryopreservation. It facilitates understanding of the biophysical and some of the biochemical mechanisms of damage during all phases of cryopreservation including CPA equilibration, cooling, and warming. Modeling also provides a tool for optimization of cryopreservation protocols and has yielded ...
Li Xue X College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, - - 2014
We report here the first application of the Spatially Referenced Regressions on Watershed Attributes (SPARROW) model to China, a country naturally and culturally distinct from previous SPARROW applications. The Songhuajiang River Basin (556,700 km(2)) empties into the Tongjiang monitoring section, a shared water resource of great import for both Chinese and ...
Fan Sisi S Department of Life Sciences , Imperial College , London , - - 2014
Chemotaxis is vital cellular movement in response to environmental chemicals. Unlike the canonical chemotactic pathway in Escherichia coli, Rhodobacter sphaeroides has both transmembrane and cytoplasmic sensory clusters, with the latter possibly interacting with essential components in the electron transport system. However, the effect of the cytoplasmic sensor and the mechanism ...
Guber Andrey K AK Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, U.S.A. - - 2014
White-tailed deer are an important reservoir for pathogens that can contribute a large portion of microbial pollution in fragmented agricultural and forest landscapes. The scarcity of experimental data on survival and release of microorganism from deer feces make prediction of their fate and transport less reliable and development of the ...
Villa M M Dpt Física Aplicada II, ETSIE, University of Sevilla, - - 2014
A quantitative evaluation of the fate of (129)I, released from the European reprocessing plants of Sellafield (UK) and La Hague (France), has been made by means of a Lagrangian dispersion model. Transport of radionuclides to the Arctic Ocean has been determined. Thus, 5.1 and 16.6TBq of (129)I have been introduced ...
Udiani Oyita O Simon A. Levin Mathematical, Computational and modeling Sciences Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Collective behaviors in social insect societies often emerge from simple local rules. However, little is known about how these behaviors are dynamically regulated in response to environmental changes. Here, we use a compartmental modeling approach to identify factors that allow harvester ant colonies to regulate collective foraging activity in response ...
Kataoka Hiroaki H Department of Hygiene Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1, Miki, Takamatsu, Kagawa, 761-0793, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the linkage among climate parameters, total ambulance transports and the number of deaths in Asahikawa City in northern Japan. Monthly data on total ambulance transports and the number of deaths from January 2004 to December 2011 were obtained from Asahikawa City Fire ...
Nolte Tom M TM Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Department of Environmental Science, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Due to increasing application, release of nanoparticles (NPs) and nanomaterials into the environment becomes likely. Knowledge about NP uptake in organisms is crucial for risk assessment including estimations on the behavior of NPs based on their physicochemical properties. In the present study, the authors have applied current scientific knowledge to ...
Schnyder Simon K SK Institut für Theoretische Physik II: Weiche Materie, Heinrich Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. - - 2014
The generic mechanisms of anomalous transport in porous media are investigated by computer simulations of two-dimensional model systems. In order to bridge the gap between the strongly idealized Lorentz model and realistic models of porous media, two models of increasing complexity are considered: a cherry-pit model with hard-core correlations as ...
Li Li - - 2014
The uncertainties on whether dicofol is identified as a persistent organic pollutant (POP) in terms of its long-range transport (LRT) potential and global distribution, are always a controversial topic during international regulation deliberations. The lack of monitoring data in remote background regions necessitates a model-based evaluation approach for assessing the ...
Sigwart Julia D JD Marine Laboratory, Queen's University Belfast, BT22 1PF, Northern Ireland; and Department of Integrative Biology, Museum of Paleontology and Center for Computational Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA - - 2014
Mollusks are the most morphologically disparate living animal phylum, they have diversified into all habitats, and have a deep fossil record. Monophyly and identity of their eight living classes is undisputed, but relationships between these groups and patterns of their early radiation have remained elusive. Arguments about traditional morphological phylogeny ...
Dezhi Zeng Z State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University , Chengdu, Sichuan 610500 , China - - 2014
The corrosion of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) gets more and more serious especially in the acidic environment. So, it is very important to develop a perfect anticorrosion technology for exploring sour oil and gas fields economically and safely. Analysis indicates that the bimetal-pipe (BP) which consists of the base ...
Reyna Janet Lorel - - 2014
Metropolitan greenhouse gas and air emissions inventories can better account for the variability in vehicle movement, fleet composition, and infrastructure that exists within and between regions, to develop more accurate information for environmental goals. With emerging access to high quality data, new methods are needed for informing transportation emissions assessment ...
Salek S S SS Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628BC, Delft, The - - 2014
Due to its abundance, calcium carbonate (CaCO3 ) has high potentials as a source of alkalinity for biotechnological applications. The application of CaCO3 in biological systems as neutralizing agent is however limited due to potential difficulties in controlling the pH. The objective of the present study was to determine the ...
Tsompanas Michail-Antisthenis I - - 2014
Man-made transport networks and their design are closely related to the shortest path problem and considered amongst the most debated problems of computational intelligence. Apart from using conventional or bio-inspired computer algorithms, many researchers tried to solve this kind of problem using biological computing substrates, gas-discharge solvers, prototypes of a ...
Lomas Michael W MW Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME - - 2014
We have a limited understanding of the consequences of variations in microbial biodiversity on ocean ecosystem functioning and global biogeochemical cycles. A core process is macronutrient uptake by microorganisms, as the uptake of nutrients controls ocean CO2 fixation rates in many regions. Here, we ask whether variations in ocean phytoplankton ...
Rogowski Peter A PA Coastal Observing R&D Center, Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093-0214, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dominant source of coastal pollution adversely affecting the regional coastal water quality is the seasonally variable urban runoff discharged via southern California's rivers. Here, we use a surface transport model of coastal circulation driven by current maps from high frequency radar to compute two-year hindcasts to assess the temporal ...
Pipek J J Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Břehová 7, 115 19 Prague 1, Czech - - 2014
This work presents a Monte Carlo model of Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion as well as the main parameters of the dose distribution in the standard phantom obtained using this model. The model is developed in the Geant4 simulation toolkit in a modular way which enables its reuse in other Perfexion ...
D'Acunto B B University of Naples "Federico II", Department of Mathematics and Applications, via Claudio 21, 80125 Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
A mathematical model for multispecies biofilm evolution based on continuum approach and mass conservation principles is presented. The model can describe biofilm growth dynamics including spatial distribution of microbial species, substrate concentrations, attachment, and detachment, and, in particular, is able to predict the biological process of colonization of new species ...
Cavender Chapin E CE Department of Neurobiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, 1719 6th Ave S, CIRC429, Birmingham, Alabama, 35294, United States, - - 2014
A clear consensus concerning the mechanisms of intracellular secretory vesicle trafficking in astrocytes is lacking in the physiological literature. A good characterization of vesicle trafficking that may assist researchers in achieving that goal is the trajectory angle, defined as the angle between the trajectory of a vesicle and a line ...
Mellor Nathan N Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, - - 2014
Emergence of new lateral roots from within the primary root in Arabidopsis has been shown to be regulated by the phytohormone auxin, via the expression of the auxin influx carrier LAX3, mediated by the ARF7/19 IAA14 signalling module (Swarup et al., 2008). A single cell model of the LAX3 and ...
Thiel Christoph C Computational Systems Biology, Bayer Technology Services GmbH, Leverkusen, Germany; Institute of Applied Microbiology, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, - - 2014
Transfer of knowledge along the different phases of drug development is a fundamental process in pharmaceutical research. In particular, cross-species extrapolation between different laboratory animals and further on to first-in-human trials is challenging because of the uncertain comparability of physiological processes. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling allows translation of mechanistic ...
O'Sullivan Aisling D AD Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Stormwater treatment technologies to manage runoff during rain events are primarily designed to reduce flood risks, settle suspended solids and concurrently immobilise metals and nutrients. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is scarcely documented for stormwater systems despite their ubiquitous implementation. LCA modelling quantified the environmental impacts associated with the materials, construction, ...
Hanamoto Seiya S Research Center for Environmental Quality Management, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, 1-2 Yumihama, Otsu, Shiga 520-0811, Japan. - - 2014
To improve the risk assessment of pharmaceuticals, it is helpful to know how rapidly they are removed from river water. Direct photolysis by sunlight could be an important process, but so far few studies have attempted to compare modeled with actual losses in a river. Therefore, we quantified natural attenuation ...
Kim Young-Jin YJ Civil Engineering Division, Samsung C&T Corp., Seocho-Dong, Seocho-Gu, Seoul 137-956, Republic of - - 2014
Batch and column experiments were conducted to investigate sorption and transport of uranium (U) in the presence of saprolite derived from interbedded shale, limestone, and sandstone sequences. Sorption kinetics were measured at two initial concentrations (C0; 1, 10 μM) and three soil:solution ratios (Rs/w; 0.005, 0.25, 2 kg/L) at pH 4.5 (pH ...
Adom Felix - - 2014
Biomass-derived chemical products may offer reduced environmental impacts compared to their fossil-derived counterparts and could improve profit margins at biorefineries when co-produced with higher-volume, lower-profit margin biofuels. It is important to assess on a life-cycle basis the energy and environmental impacts of these bioproducts as compared to conventional, fossil-derived products. ...
Okonski Krzysztof - - 2014
This study investigates the distribution polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and a group of novel flame retardants (NFRs) on atmospheric aerosols. Two high volume cascade impactors were used to collect particulate fractions of ambient air over a one year period at urban and rural sites. The majority of FRs ...
Handa Koichi K School of Pharmacy, Kitasato University, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8641, Japan; Research Laboratories, Toyama Chemical Company, Ltd., Toyama, 930-8508, - - 2014
The pregnane X receptor [PXR (NR1I2)] induces the expression of xenobiotic metabolic genes and transporter genes. In this study, we aimed to establish a computational method for quantifying the enzyme-inducing potencies of different compounds via their ability to activate PXR, for the application in drug discovery and development. To achieve ...
Rojo Jesús J Area of Botany, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, E-45071 Toledo, - - 2014
Analysis of flowering patterns in the olive (Olea europaea L.) are of considerable agricultural and ecological interest, and also provide valuable information for allergy-sufferers, enabling identification of the major sources of airborne pollen at any given moment by interpreting the aerobiological data recorded in pollen traps. The present spatiotemporal analysis ...
Morales Marjorie M School of Biochemical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaiso, Av. Brasil 2085, Valparaiso, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gasoline is the second most consumed fuel in Chile, accounting for 34% of the total fuel consumption in transportation related activities in 2012. Chilean refineries process more than 97% of the total gasoline commercialized in the national market. When it comes to evaluating the environmental profile of a Chilean process ...
Mahieu E E Institute of Astrophysics and Geophysics, University of Liège, Liège 4000, - - 2014
The abundance of chlorine in the Earth's atmosphere increased considerably during the 1970s to 1990s, following large emissions of anthropogenic long-lived chlorine-containing source gases, notably the chlorofluorocarbons. The chemical inertness of chlorofluorocarbons allows their transport and mixing throughout the troposphere on a global scale, before they reach the stratosphere where ...
Voicu Victor V Romanian Academy, Medical Sciences Section , Calea Victoriei no. 125, Bucharest - 010071 , - - 2014
Introduction: The therapeutic outcome of oximes used as reactivators of phosphorylated human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is influenced, among other factors, by their biological distribution, their in vivo ability to achieve the nucleophilic attack and their affinity for the anionic center of the intact/inhibited AChE. Areas covered: An in silico evaluation of ...
Baratian-Ghorghi Fatemeh F a Dept. of Civil Engineering , Auburn University , Auburn , AL 36849 , jalayer@auburn.edu , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Several previous studies, based upon wrong-way driving (WWD) crash history, have demonstrated that partial cloverleaf (parclo) interchanges are more susceptible to WWD movements than others. Currently, there is not a method available to predict WWD incidents and to prioritize parclo interchanges for implementing safety countermeasures for reducing WWD crashes. ...
Chalasani Rakesh - - 2014
Perception of sensory signals is strongly influenced by their context, both in space and time. In this paper, we propose a novel hierarchical model, called convolutional dynamic networks, that effectively utilizes this contextual information, while inferring the representations of the visual inputs. We build this model based on a predictive ...
Fameli K M KM Department of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Building Physics V, University Campus, Athens 157 84, Greece; Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, Palaia Penteli, 152 36 Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traffic is considered one of the major polluting sectors and as a consequence a significant cause for the measured exceedances of ambient air quality limit values mainly in urban areas. The Greater Athens Area (located in Attica), the most populated area in Greece, faces severe air pollution problems due to ...
Giang Wayne C W WC 1Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,University of - - 2014
Introduction Timely transfer of patients among facilities within a regionalized critical-care system remains a large obstacle to effective patient care. For medical transport systems where dispatchers are responsible for planning these interfacility transfers, accurate estimates of interfacility transfer times play a large role in planning and resource-allocation decisions. However, the ...
Tripodi Antonino A a Centro di ricerca per il Trasporto e la Logistica , 'Sapienza' Università di Roma , via Eudossiana 18 - 00184 - Rome , - - 2014
In years to come, urban areas face the challenge of making transport sustainable in terms of environment and competitiveness. Cycling is a perfect transport means in urban areas. Cyclists have a high casualty rate and should be given special attention in road safety policy. Actions to promote cycling in cities ...
Talpur M Younis MY Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Selcuk University, 42075 Konya, Turkey; National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan; Government Muslim Science Degree College Hyderabad, Education and Literacy Department, Sindh, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single bounce attenuated total reflectance (SB-ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in conjunction with chemometrics was used for accurate determination of free fatty acid (FFA), peroxide value (PV), iodine value (IV), conjugated diene (CD) and conjugated triene (CT) of cottonseed oil (CSO) during potato chips frying. Partial least square (PLS), ...
Kaznessis Yiannis N YN Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA - - 2014
The discovery of antibiotics is one of the most important advances in the history of humankind. For eighty years human life expectancy and standards of living improved greatly thanks to antibiotics. But bacteria have been fighting back, developing resistance to our most potent molecules. New, alternative strategies must be explored ...
Ebtehaj Isa I Department of Civil Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran E-mail: - - 2014
The existence of sediments in wastewater greatly affects the performance of the sewer and wastewater transmission systems. Increased sedimentation in wastewater collection systems causes problems such as reduced transmission capacity and early combined sewer overflow. The article reviews the performance of the genetic algorithm (GA) and imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) ...
Weiszflog M M Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, EURATOM-VR Association, Uppsala, - - 2014
This paper presents two different conceptual designs of neutron cameras for Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) Upgrade. The first one consists of two horizontal cameras, one equatorial and one vertically down-shifted by 65 cm. The second design, viewing the plasma in a poloidal section, also consists of two cameras, one ...
Alcaraz F C FC Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, Casixa Postal 369, 13560-590, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
A lattice model of critical dense polymers O(n) is considered for finite cylinder geometry. Due to the presence of noncontractible loops with a fixed fugacity ξ, the model at n=0 is a generalization of the critical dense polymers solved by Pearce, Rasmussen, and Villani. We found the free energy for ...
Yan Fangyong - - 2014
Materials Genome Approach (MGA) aims to accelerate development of new materials by incorporating computational and data-driven approaches to reduce the cost of identification of optimal structures for a given application. Here, we use the MGA to guide the synthesis of triazolium-based Ionic Liquids (ILs). Our approach involves an IL property-mapping ...
Kim Sung Won SW Global Technology, SK Innovation, 325 Exporo, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-712, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
A predictive model was satisfactorily developed to describe the general trends of product distribution in fluidized beds of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis. The model was made of mass balance based on proximate analysis and an empirical relationship with operating parameters including fluidization hydrodynamics. The empirical relationships between product yields and fluidization ...
Snoke David D Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Experiments on Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of excitons in the semiconductor Cu2O started over 30 years ago, as one of the first serious attempts at exciton BEC. Early claims were based on spectroscopic signatures and transport data which have since been reinterpreted, in large part because the Auger recombination process for ...
Baker John A JA School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK. - - 2014
Traditionally, electrostatic interactions are modelled using Ewald techniques, which provide a good approximation, but are poorly suited to GPU architectures. We use the GPU versions of the LAMMPS MD package to implement and assess the Wolf summation method. We compute transport and structural properties of pure carbon dioxide and mixtures ...
Jia Tao - - 2014
In a conventional P-median model, demanding points are likely assigned to the closest supplying facilities, but this method exhibits evident limitations in real cases. This paper proposed a modified P-median model in which exact and approximate strategies are used. The first strategy aims to enumerate all of the possible combinations ...
Martinčič R R a Laboratory of Chemometrics , National Institute of Chemistry , Ljubljana , - - 2014
Membrane transport proteins are essential for cellular uptake of numerous salts, nutrients and drugs. Bilitranslocase is a transporter, specific for water-soluble organic anions, and is the only known carrier of nucleotides and nucleotide-like compounds. Experimental data of bilitranslocase ligand specificity for 120 compounds were used to construct classification models using ...
Hyodo Susumu S Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo - - 2014
For adaptation to high-salinity marine environments, cartilaginous fishes (sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras) adopt a unique urea-based osmoregulation strategy. Their kidneys reabsorb nearly all filtered urea from the primary urine, and this is an essential component of urea retention in their body fluid. Anatomical investigations have revealed the extraordinarily elaborate ...
O'Connor Isabel A IA Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Department of Environmental Science, PO Box 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Most toxicokinetic models consider passive diffusion as the only mechanism when modeling the oral uptake of chemicals. However, the overall uptake of nutrients and xenobiotics, such as pharmaceuticals and environmental pollutants, can be increased by influx transport proteins. We incorporated carrier-mediated transport into a one-compartment toxicokinetic model originally developed for ...
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