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Talpur M Younis MY Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Selcuk University, 42075 Konya, Turkey; National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan; Government Muslim Science Degree College Hyderabad, Education and Literacy Department, Sindh, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single bounce attenuated total reflectance (SB-ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in conjunction with chemometrics was used for accurate determination of free fatty acid (FFA), peroxide value (PV), iodine value (IV), conjugated diene (CD) and conjugated triene (CT) of cottonseed oil (CSO) during potato chips frying. Partial least square (PLS), ...
Watson Peter J PJ Medical and Biological Engineering Research Group, School of Engineering, University of Hull, Hull HU6 7RX, UK - - 2014
Multi-body dynamics is a powerful engineering tool which is becoming increasingly popular for the simulation and analysis of skull biomechanics. This paper presents the first application of multi-body dynamics to analyse the biomechanics of the rabbit skull. A model has been constructed through the combination of manual dissection and three-dimensional ...
Xie Haijian H Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Zhejiang University, 310058, Hangzhou, China, - - 2014
An analytical model for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) transport through a composite liner consisting of a geomembrane (GM), a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and a soil liner (SL) was developed for the assessment of the performance of this triple liner system. Both advection through the defects of GM and diffusion ...
Fujimura Shigeto S Fukushima Agricultural Technology Centre, 116 Shimonakamichi, Takakura-Aza, Hiwada-machi, Koriyama, Fukushima 963-0531, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
After the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company on 11 March 2011, potassium was applied to fields in the Tohoku and Kanto areas of Japan to reduce radiocesium uptake by crops. Despite the intense studies relating to the effect of potassium application ...
Krieg Brian J BJ University of Michigan, College of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Development of an oral in vivo predictive dissolution medium for acid drugs with a pKa in the physiological range (e.g., Biopharmaceutics Classification System Class IIa) requires transport analysis of the complex in vivo CO2 /bicarbonate buffering system. In this report, we analyze this buffer system using hydrodynamically defined rotating disk ...
Andersson Martin P MP Department of Chemistry, Nano-Science Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100, Copenhagen, - - 2014
We have predicted the free energy of hydration for 40 monovalent and multivalent cations and anions using density functional theory and the implicit solvent model COnductor like Screening MOdel for Real Solvents (COSMO-RS) at the Becke-Perdew (BP)/Triple zeta valence with polarization functions (TZVP) level. Agreement with experimental data for monovalent ...
de Tomas C C Department of Physics , Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , Bellaterra, Catalonia 08193, - - 2014
The thermal conductivity of group-IV semiconductors (silicon, germanium, diamond and grey tin) with several isotopic compositions has been calculated from a kinetic-collective model. From this approach, significantly different to Callaway-like models in its physical interpretation, the thermal conductivity expression accounts for a transition from a kinetic (individual phonon transport) to a ...
V Suneel - - 2014
Deposition of tar balls (TBs) along the south Gujarat coast, situated on the west coast of India (WCI), is a common phenomenon during the southwest monsoon season. Several offshore oil fields exist off Mumbai-Gujarat coast, besides refineries along the coast. Hence, oil spills/leakages and, subsequently, formation of TBs can be ...
Fraterrigo Jennifer M JM Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 61801, - - 2014
A hierarchical view of niche relations reconciles the scale-dependent effects of abiotic and biotic processes on species distribution patterns and underlies most current approaches to distribution modeling. A key prediction of this framework is that the effects of biotic interactions will be averaged out at macroscales - an idea termed ...
Gonzalez-Miquel Maria - - 2014
Mixtures of ionic liquids (ILs) and molecular amines have been suggested for CO2 capture applications. The basic idea is to replace water, which volatilizes in the amine regeneration step and increases the parasitic energy load, with a non-volatile ionic liquid solvent. To fully understand the thermodynamics of these systems, here ...
Morgan M J MJ Max Planck Institute for Neurological Research, PO Box 41 06 29, Cologne 50866, Germany - - 2014
It has been suggested that numerosity is an elementary quality of perception, similar to colour. If so (and despite considerable investigation), its mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that observers require on average a massive difference of approximately 40% to detect a change in the number of objects that vary ...
Gonzalez-Díaz Humberto - - 2014
The study of quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPR) is important to study complex networks of chemical reactions in drug synthesis or metabolism or drug-target interactions networks. A difficult but also possible goal is the prediction of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) process with a single QSPR model. For this ...
Sun Jing J Advanced Water Management Center, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, 4072, Queensland, - - 2014
Simultaneous production of sulfide and methane by anaerobic sewer biofilms has recently been observed, suggesting that sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and methanogenic archaea (MA), microorganisms known to compete for the same substrates, can coexist in this environment. This study investigated the community structures and activities of SRB and MA in anaerobic ...
Harnacke Daniela D Institute for Medical Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, - - 2014
Introduction: Brushing performance is an important factor for brushing success. Observing brushing performance might thus help to explain deficits in oral hygiene. However, it is unknown, how brushing behavior observed at one time relates to brushing capabilities observed at another time. We thus assessed the predictive validity of video observed ...
Verkouteren J R JR National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Drive, Mailstop 8371, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA. - - 2014
Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) explosive trace detectors (ETDs) have become an integral part of security practices aimed at protecting the public, transportation, and facilities. Despite their widespread deployment, quality control procedures that can evaluate day-to-day instrument performance or differences among units of the same manufacture are in need for development. In ...
Wong Ides Y IY School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland (CARRS-Q), Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. - - 2014
Self-regulation refers to the practice of using self-imposed restrictions to protect oneself from situations that are, or are perceived to be, unsafe. Within the driving context, self-regulation refers the compensatory practices that some older adults adopt to restrict their driving to situations in which they feel safe. However, the way ...
Dawson Alistair A Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian, UK EH26 0QB. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews current knowledge of photoperiod control of GnRH-1 secretion and proposes a model in which two processes act together to regulate GnRH1 secretion. Photo-induction controls GnRH1 secretion and is directly related to prevailing photoperiod. Photo-inhibition, a longer term process, acts through GnRH1 synthesis. It progresses each day during ...
Sturtz Timothy M - - 2014
Source contributions to total fine particle carbon predicted by a chemical transport model (CTM) were incorporated into the positive matrix factorization (PMF) receptor model to form a receptor-oriented hybrid model. The level of influence of the CTM versus traditional PMF was varied using a weighting parameter applied to an object ...
Sharma Mukesh C MC Drug Research Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Devi Ahilya University, Takshila Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, (M.P), 452 001, India, - - 2014
In the present investigation, QSAR analysis was performed on a data set consist of structurally diverse compounds in order to investigate the role of its structural features on their Photosynthetic Electron Transport Inhibitors. The herbicidal activity co-related with certain topological and hydrophobicity based descriptors, 3D descriptors dependent steric, electrostatic and ...
Tian Ying-Ze YZ State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Pollution Prevention and Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
The transport of particulate matter (PM) and chemical species is an essential mechanism for determining the fate of PM pollutants and their effects. To determine source transport quantitatively, an ambient PM2.5 dataset from a megacity in China was analysed using a novel method called "Source Directional Apportionment" (SDA). The SDA ...
Ali Igbal - - 2014
Phosphorus (P) is one of the important limiting elements governing the quality of natural waters in Ireland. Good models that simulate the loss of P from catchments to water bodies are needed to understand the mechanism and transport of P and to assist in formulating appropriate policies and practices to ...
Natesan Senthil Kumar - - 2014
Solvation of drugs in the core (C) and headgroup (H) strata of phospholipid bilayers affects their physiological transport rates and accumulation. These characteristics, especially a complete drug distribution profile across the bilayer strata, are tedious to obtain experimentally, to the point that even simplified preferred locations are only available for ...
Daddam Jayasimha Rayalu JR Department of Biotechnology, Global Institute of Biotechnology, Himayatnagar, Hyderabad-29, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Flavonoids are the most common group of phenolic compounds that have anti-carcinogenic properties and are the constituents of fruits, vegetables and plant derived beverages. In the present study, Flavonoids were docked to three-dimensional structure of P-glycoprotein which plays an important role in multi drug resistance. A three-dimensional homology model of ...
Debray Thomas P A TP Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Str. 6.131, PO Box 85500, 3508GA Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is widely acknowledged that the performance of diagnostic and prognostic prediction models should be assessed in external validation studies with independent data from "different but related" samples as compared with that of the development sample. We developed a framework of methodological steps and statistical methods for analyzing and enhancing ...
Dietze Michael C MC Department of Earth and Environment, Boston University, Boston, - - 2014
Forest insects and pathogens (FIPs) have enormous impacts on community dynamics, carbon storage and ecosystem services, however, ecosystem modelling of FIPs is limited due to their variability in severity and extent. We present a general framework for modelling FIP disturbances through their impacts on tree ecophysiology. Five pathways are identified ...
Viaene Karel P J KP Ghent University, Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Plateaustraat 22, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The dietary uptake of oil droplets by aquatic organisms has been suggested as a possible exposure pathway for oil-related chemicals. We confronted two bioaccumulation models, one including and one neglecting oil droplet uptake, with measured polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) body burdens of five marine species. The model without oil droplet ...
Vivian Diana D University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD 21201 - - 2014
The aim was to elucidate how steps in drug translocation by a solute carrier transporter impact Michaelis-Menten parameters Km, Ki, and Vmax. The first objective was to derive a model for carrier-mediated substrate translocation and perform sensitivity analysis with regard to the impact of individual microrate constants on Km, Ki, ...
Mellnik John J Curriculum in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
Passive particle tracking of diffusive paths in soft matter, coupled with analysis of the path data, is firmly established as a fundamental methodology for characterization of both diffusive transport properties (the focus here) and linear viscoelasticity. For either focus, particle time series are typically analyzed by ensemble averaging over paths, ...
Oliveira Claudia C Group Genetics of Cognitive Dysfunction, IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto , Rua do Campo Alegre, 4150-180, Porto , - - 2014
Introduction: Nucleic acid delivery is a complex process that requires transport across numerous extracellular and intracellular barriers, whose impact is often neglected during optimization studies. As such, the development of nonviral vectors for efficient delivery would benefit from an understanding of how these barriers relate to the physicochemical properties of ...
Jones Rachael M RM 1.School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2121W Taylor Street (M/C 922), Chicago, IL 60605, USA - - 2014
A Markov chain model previously applied to the simulation of advection and diffusion process of gaseous contaminants is extended to three-dimensional transport of particulates in indoor environments. The model framework and assumptions are described. The performance of the Markov model is benchmarked against simple conventional models of contaminant transport. The ...
Thiel Philipp - - 2014
The calculation of pairwise compound similarities based on fingerprints is one of the fundamental tasks in chemoinformatics. Methods for efficient calculation of compound similarities are of utmost importance for various applications like similarity searching or library clustering. With the increasing size of public compound databases, exact clustering of these databases ...
Undeman E E Baltic Nest Institute, Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, 11418 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The coupled physical-biogeochemical model BALTSEM, previously used to assess nutrient/carbon cycles and eutrophication in the Baltic Sea, has been expanded to include algorithms for calculations of organic contaminant environmental transport and fate. This novel model version (BALTSEM-POP) is evaluated for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in ...
Howard Matt C MC Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University , University Park, - - 2014
Abstract Computer self-efficacy is an often studied construct that has been shown to be related to an array of important individual outcomes. Unfortunately, existing measures of computer self-efficacy suffer from several deficiencies, including criterion contamination, outdated wording, and/or inadequate psychometric properties. For this reason, the current article presents the creation ...
Mandelshtam Yelena Y Department of Mathematics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, 92697, - - 2014
It has been reported in the literature that both adults and children can, to a different degree, modify and regularize the often-inconsistent linguistic input they receive. We present a new algorithm to model and investigate the learning process of a learner mastering a set of (grammatical or lexical) forms from ...
Friedland Shmuel - - 2014
Compressive sensing (CS) has triggered enormous research activity since its rst appearance. CS exploits the signal's sparsity or compressibility in a particular domain and integrates data compression and acquisition, thus allowing exact reconstruction through relatively few non-adaptive linear measurements. While conventional CS theory relies on data representation in the form ...
Pang Xufang - - 2014
Turntable-based 3D scanners are popular, but require calibration of the turntable axis. Existing methods for turntable calibration typically make use of specially designed tools, such as a chessboard or criterion sphere, which requires extra human effort to be installed and dismounted in the calibration process. In this paper, we propose ...
Dillon David G DG International Health Research Group, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Wort's Causeway, Cambridge, CB1 8RN, United Kingdom; Genetic Epidemiology Group, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, CB10 1HH, United - - 2014
Existing electronic data capture options are often financially unfeasible in resource-poor settings or difficult to support technically in the field. To help facilitate large-scale multicenter studies in sub-Saharan Africa, the African Partnership for Chronic Disease Research (APCDR) has developed an open-source electronic questionnaire (EQ). To assess its relative validity, we ...
Colombani N N Department of Earth Sciences, "Sapienza" University, Roma, - - 2014
1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) was found to be the most abundant compound among chlorinated hydrocarbons detected in a petrochemical plant in southern Italy. This site is located near the coastline, and it is set above an unconfined coastal aquifer, where seawater intrusion is present. The presence of organic and inorganic contaminants at ...
Wang Z J ZJ Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Kansas, 2120 Learned Hall, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA - - 2014
Most forecasts predict an annual airline traffic growth rate between 4.5 and 5% in the foreseeable future. To sustain that growth, the environmental impact of aircraft cannot be ignored. Future aircraft must have much better fuel economy, dramatically less greenhouse gas emissions and noise, in addition to better performance. Many ...
Olejnik Michael M Institute of Computer Science, University of Muenster, - - 2014
Next-generation sequencing has a large potential in HIV diagnostics and genotypic prediction models have been developed and successfully tested in the recent years. However, albeit being highly accurate, these computational models lack computational efficiency to reach their full potential. In the current study, we demonstrate the use of Graphics Processing ...
Förstner Konrad U KU Institute for Molecular Infection Biology, University of Würzburg, WürzburgResearch Centre for Infectious Diseases (ZINF), University of Würzburg, - - 2014
RNA-Seq has become a potent and widely used method to qualitatively and quantitatively study transcriptomes. In order to draw biological conclusions based on RNA-Seq data, several steps some of which are computationally intensive, have to be taken. Our READemption pipeline takes care of these individual tasks and integrates them into ...
Noshita Koji K Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The morphology of gastropod shells has been a focus of analyses in ecology and evolution. It has recently emerged as an important issue in developmental biology, thanks to recent advancements in molecular biological techniques. The growing tube model is a theoretical morphological model for describing various coiling patterns of molluscan ...
Barker David J DJ Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, 152 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, New Jersey, 08854, USA; Neural Networks Section, Integrative Neuroscience Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 251 Bayview Boulevard, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) have been utilized to infer animals' affective states in multiple research paradigms including animal models of drug abuse, depression, fear or anxiety disorders, Parkinson's disease, and in studying neural substrates of reward processing. Currently, the analysis of USV data is performed manually, and thus time consuming. The ...
Cong Weijian - - 2014
Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of the coronary artery is important for the diagnosis and interventional treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this paper, a novel mean composited external force back-projective composition model is proposed and integrated into the deformable model framework for the 3-D reconstruction of coronary arteries from multiple angiograms. The ...
Grassi Lorenzo L Laboratorio di Tecnologia Medica, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT)-based finite element (FE) reconstructions describe shape and density distribution of bones. Both shape and density distribution, however, can vary a lot between individuals. Shape/density indexation (usually achieved by principal component analysis-PCA) can be used to synthesize realistic models, thus overcoming the shortage of CT-based models, and helping ...
Korporaal Johannes G JG From the *Siemens AG Healthcare Sector, Imaging & Therapy Division, Computed Tomography, Forchheim; †Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital, Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany; ‡Department of Imaging Methods, Charles University and University Hospital Pilsen, Pilsen, Czech Republic; §Institut für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Klinik an der Technischen Universität München; ∥1. Medizinische Klinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich; ¶Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Tübingen; and #Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the robustness of a novel test bolus (TB)-based computed tomographic angiography (CTA) contrast-enhancement-prediction (CEP) algorithm by retrospectively quantifying the systematic and random errors between the predicted and true enhancements. All local institutional review boards approved this retrospective study, in which a total ...
Liu Tianrun T The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish a potential mathematical model for the diagnosis of the central compartment lymph node (LN) metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) using CT imaging. 303 patients with PTC were enrolled. We determined the optimal cut-off points of LN size and nodal grouping by ...
Moynihan Muiris C MC Department of Engineering , University of Cambridge , Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, - - 2014
Over one-quarter of steel produced annually is used in the construction of buildings. Making this steel causes carbon dioxide emissions, which climate change experts recommend be reduced by half in the next 37 years. One option to achieve this is to design and build more efficiently, still delivering the same ...
Sfoungaristos Stavros S Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Urology , Jerusalem, Israel , Jerusalem, Israel , 26500 ; - - 2014
Objective: To produce and validate a predictive model based on computer tomography (CT) parameters for calculating the probability of a stone to be visible in fluoroscopy of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) and to compare its accuracy to that of kidney-ureter-bladder (KUB) film. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 306 patients (sample ...
Voorkamp Josh J Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Otago , Dunedin, New Zealand - - 2014
Abstract Finding the hybridization number of a pair or set of trees, [Formula: see text], is a well-studied problem in phylogenetics and is equivalent to finding a maximum acyclic agreement forest (MAAF) for [Formula: see text]. This article defines a new type of acyclic agreement forest called a maximal acyclic ...
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