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Pence Jacquelyn C JC Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2014
Strategies to integrate instructive biomolecular signals into a biomaterial are becoming increasingly complex and bioinspired. While a large majority of reports still use repeated treatments with soluble factors, this approach can be prohibitively costly and difficult to translate in vivo for applications where spatial control over signal presentation is necessary. ...
Escobedo Fernando A FA School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14953, USA. - - 2014
The role of entropic interactions, often subtle and sometimes crucial, on the structure and properties of soft matter has a well-recognized place in the classic and modern scientific literature. However, the lessons learned from many of those studies do not always form part of the standard arsenal of strategies that ...
Rabilloud Thierry T CNRS UMR 5249, Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Metals, Grenoble, France; Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Metals, Grenoble, France; CEA Grenoble, iRTSV/CBM, Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Metals, Grenoble, - - 2014
Toxicoproteomics can be defined as the application of proteomic approaches to the understanding of toxicology problems, and this review deals with the various types of applications that have been described in the literature. Toxicoproteomics has been applied to very different classes of toxicants, from drugs and natural products to metals, ...
Oshio Koichi K Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keio University School of - - 2014
Purpose: Although many models have been proposed to interpret non-Gaussian diffusion MRI data in biological tissues, it is often difficult to see the correlation between the MRI data and the histological changes in the tissue. Among these models, so called statistical models, which assume the diffusion coefficient D is distributed ...
Rockson Stanley G SG Allan and Tina Neill Professor of Lymphatic Research and Medicine; Stanford Center for Lymphatic and Venous Disorders, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lymphangiomatosis is an uncommon proliferative disorder of lymphatic vasculature whose etiology remains poorly understood. The lymphangiomatosis spectrum encompasses a remarkable heterogeneity in its potential presentation, including micro-and macrocystic isolated lymphatic malformations, thoracic and intraabdominal diffuse lymphangiomatosis, and osseous and soft-tissue presentations known as Gorham-Stout disease. Recent therapeutic advances are empirical ...
Heaps Sarah E - - 2014
Abstract In molecular phylogenetics, standard models of sequence evolution generally assume that sequence composition remains constant over evolutionary time. However, this assumption is violated in many datasets which show substantial heterogeneity in sequence composition across taxa. We propose a model which allows compositional heterogeneity across branches, and formulate the model ...
Arregui Lucia L L Arregui, Department of Biology, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain - - 2014
Spermatogenesis is a dynamic and complex process that involves endocrine and testicular factors. During xenotransplantation of testicular tissue fragments into immunodecifient mouse mice a functional communication between host brain and donor testis is established. This interaction allows for the progression of a normal spermatogenesis and recovery of fertilization-competent spermatozoa from ...
Gosselin Marie-Christine MC Foundation for Research on Information Technologies in Society (IT'IS), Zeughausstrasse 43, 8004 Zurich, Switzerland. ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
The Virtual Family computational whole-body anatomical human models were originally developed for electromagnetic (EM) exposure evaluations, in particular to study how absorption of radiofrequency radiation from external sources depends on anatomy. However, the models immediately garnered much broader interest and are now applied by over 300 research groups, many from ...
Latifi Neda N Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, 817 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Canada QC H3A 0C3. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to quantify the effects of the specimen shape on the accuracy of mechanical properties determined from a shape-specific model generation strategy. Digital images of five rabbit vocal folds (VFs) in their initial undeformed conditions were used to build corresponding specific solid models. The ...
Cortés-Romero John J Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ingeniería, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica, Bogotá D.C., Colombia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conventional repetitive control has proven to be an effective strategy to reject/track periodic signals with constant frequency; however, it shows poor performance in varying frequency applications. This paper proposes an active disturbance rejection methodology applied to a large class of uncertain flat systems for the tracking and rejection of periodic ...
Hingant Erwan E CI2MA, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, - - 2014
In a previous work by Alvarez-Martinez et al. (2011), the authors pointed out some fallacies in the mainstream interpretation of the prion amyloid formation. It appeared necessary to propose an original hypothesis able to reconcile the in vitro data with the predictions of a mathematical model describing the problem. Here, ...
Morris Eric E a Department of Education and Counselling Psychology , McGill University , Montreal , QC , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The present paper attempts to differentiate client involvement from other, similar process variables and presents a pan-theoretical conceptualization of client involvement. Method: A modified Delphi poll was conducted with 20 experienced clinicians and researchers. In two rounds of data collection, the experts completed a questionnaire designed to elicit ...
Nava Santiago S Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, CC 22, CP 2300 Rafaela, Santa Fe, - - 2014
Herein, Amblyomma tenellumKoch, 1844 (Ixodidae) is reestablished as a valid tick name and removed from the synonymy list of Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787), while Amblyomma imitatorKohls, 1958, is relegated to a junior synonym of A. tenellum. Amblyomma tenellum is redescribed based on the examination of male type specimens collected by ...
Shehab H H Department of Endemic medicine, Hepatology Division, Faculty of medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Staging of liver fibrosis is an integral part of the management of HCV. Liver biopsy is hampered by its invasiveness and possibility of sampling error. Current noninvasive methods are disadvantaged by their cost and complexity. In this study, we aimed at developing a noninvasive method for the staging of liver ...
Paparo Francesco F Department of Radiology, E. O. Ospedali Galliera, Genoa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite its invasiveness, liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis. Non-invasive ultrasound-based techniques are increasingly employed to assess parenchymal stiffness and the progression of chronic diffuse liver diseases. Real-time elastography is a rapidly evolving technique that can reveal the elastic properties of tissues. ...
Tampucci Silvia S Department of Pharmacy, University of Pisa, Pisa, I-56126, - - 2014
The differential stripping technique consists of a tape-stripping phase followed by a cyanoacrylate biopsy. This technique not only allows the quantification of drug retained in the stratum corneum (SC) and in the hair follicles but also differentiates transepidermal from transfollicular penetration. Our study aimed at both validating the differential stripping ...
Lamb Christopher R CR Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, - - 2014
Better understanding of the reasons why manuscripts are rejected, and recognition of the most frequent manuscript flaws identified by reviewers, should help submitting authors to avoid these pitfalls. Of 219 manuscripts submitted to Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound in 2012, none (0%) was accepted without revision, four (2%) were withdrawn by ...
Barclay Pat P Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1 - - 2014
Humans reject uneven divisions of resources, even at personal cost. This is observed in countless experiments using the ultimatum game, where a proposer offers to divide a resource with a responder who either accepts the division or rejects it (whereupon both earn zero). Researchers debate why humans evolved a psychology ...
Ding Ke K Department of Radiology, The No.2 People's Hospital of Nanning, Nanning 530031, China; Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin 541000, - - 2014
Hepatic fibrosis, resulted from hepatoxicity and other diseases such as diabetes, is an important pathological characteristic of chronic liver diseases. Establishment of hepatic fibrosis animal models is of great importance and a prerequisite for human clinical studies. The common models for liver fibrosis are often established in lower small animals ...
Stein D L DL Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Nash Hall 104, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2014
Paraliparis hawaiiensis n.sp. is described from the north-western Hawaiian Islands from two specimens collected at 2196 and 3055 m. It differs from other North Pacific Ocean species in its chin pore arrangement, tooth pattern and body proportions. Although liparid specimens have previously been collected from Hawaii, they were undescribed and are ...
Owings Richard A RA From the Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little - - 2014
Context.-Developed in conjunction with molecular and progression data, the sequence classification schema for endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN)/benign hyperplasia (BH) provides an easy to adopt and reproducible method for classification of endometrial biopsies. Objective.-To review current data supporting the use of BH/EIN to classify endometrial biopsies, and to discuss the hormone-driven ...
Lee Seong Cheol SC Department of Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
Although sonography-guided core needle biopsy is a highly targeted method, there is a possibility of an invasive component after surgical excision of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast. This study was performed to develop and validate nomograms to predict the postoperative invasive component in DCIS at core needle ...
Boltersdorf Stefanie H SH Department of Geobotany, University of Trier, Behringstr. 21, D-54296 Trier, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare three biomonitoring techniques for assessing nitrogen (N) pollution in Germany, 326 lichen, 153 moss and 187 bark samples were collected from 16 sites of the national N deposition monitoring network. The analysed ranges of N content of all investigated biomonitors (0.32%-4.69%) and the detected δ(15)N values (-15.2‰-1.5‰), made ...
Maybury C M CM St John's Institute of Dermatology, Division of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, King's College London School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
People with psoriasis taking methotrexate may be at increased risk of developing liver fibrosis compared to the general population. Non-invasive methods of detecting fibrosis have been widely adopted but their clinical utility is uncertain. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive methods to detect fibrosis compared to liver biopsy (reference ...
Xu Shuoyu S Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, 31 Biopolis Way, #04-01, Singapore 138669; Computation and System Biology Program, Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive 3, E4-04-10, Singapore 117576; Biosystems and Micromechanics IRG, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, 1 CREATE Way, #04-13/14 Enterprise Wing, Singapore - - 2014
There is increasing need for accurate assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. We aimed to develop qFibrosis, a fully-automated assessment method combining quantification of histopathological architectural features, to address unmet needs in core biopsy evaluation of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. qFibrosis was established as a combined index based on ...
Nasser Y Y Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2014
Although animal models of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have provided important insights, there are no models that fully express the features of this complex condition. One alternative approach is the use of human intestinal biopsies obtained during endoscopic procedures to examine peripheral mechanisms in this disorder. These studies have ...
Reble Carina C Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Berlin (LMTB), Fabeckstraße 60-62, 14195 BerlinbTechnical University Berlin, Institute for Optics and Atomic Physics, 10587 - - 2014
Raman spectroscopy based discrimination of cervical precancer and normal tissue has been shown previously in vivo with fiber probe based measurements of colposcopically selected sites. With a view to developing in vivo large area imaging, macro raster scans of native cervical cone biopsies with an average of 200 spectra per ...
McKinney Melissa A MA Department of Biology, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada ; Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, - - 2014
Body condition is a key indicator of individual and population health. Yet, there is little consensus as to the most appropriate condition index (CI), and most of the currently used CIs have not been thoroughly validated and are logistically challenging. Adipose samples from large datasets of capture biopsied, remote biopsied, ...
Hsiang Solomon M SM Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA - - 2014
A recent study by Burke et al. [Burke M, Miguel E, Satyanath S, Dykema J, Lobell D (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106(49):20670-20674] reports statistical evidence that the likelihood of civil wars in African countries was elevated in hotter years. A following study by Buhaug [Buhaug H (2010) Proc ...
Gregori Josep J Liver Unit. Internal Medicine. Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Barcelona. Roche Diagnostics SL, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain. Statistics Department, Biology Faculty, Barcelona University. CIBER de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd) del Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid. Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM). Campus de Cantoblanco. Madrid, Spain. Bioinformatics and Statistics Unit, Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Bnc. Biochemistry Unit. Virology Unit /Microbiology Department. HUVH, Barcelona. Spain. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Bellaterra. - - 2014
Given the inherent dynamics of a viral quasispecies we are often interested in the comparison of diversity indices of sequential samples of a patient, or in the comparison of diversity indices of virus in groups of patients in a treated versus control design. It is then important to make sure ...
Tang Wenlong - - 2014
Monitoring of postures and activities is used in many clinical and research applications, some of which may require highly reliable posture and activity recognition with desired accuracy well above 99% mark. This paper suggests a method for performing highly accurate recognition of postures and activities from data collected by a ...
Avouac Jérôme J Université Paris Descartes, Service de Rhumatologie A et INSERM U1016, Hôpital, Cochin, Paris, France, - - 2014
Relevant animal models are essential tools to investigate in depth the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder that affects particularly the skin. SSc is characterized by vasculopathy, immune disturbances, and fibrosis. Expression of each of the three pathologic features varies among SSc patients ...
Judson Marc A MA Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Department of Medicine, MC-91 Albany Medical College. - - 2014
Introduction: A Case Control Etiology of Sarcoidosis Study (ACCESS) sarcoidosis organ assessment instrument has been used for more than a decade to establish uniform standards for the probability of sarcoidosis organ involvement. The ACCESS instrument has become increasingly outdated as new technologies have been developed. Furthermore, the ACCESS instrument failed ...
Sjökvist Elisabet E Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
One new order, one new family, and one new combination are presented, as the result of molecular phylogenetic analyses. The new order Stereopsidales and the new family Stereopsidaceae are described incorporating Stereopsis radicans and S. globosa, formerly Clavulicium globosum. We show that not only do these species represent an old ...
Samas Peter P Department of Zoology and Laboratory of Ornithology, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 50, CZ-771 46 Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
Why have birds evolved the ability to reject eggs? Typically, foreign egg discrimination is interpreted as evidence that interspecific brood parasitism (IP) has selected for the host's ability to recognize and eliminate foreign eggs. Fewer studies explore the alternative hypothesis that rejection of interspecific eggs is a by-product of host ...
Zhang Xufeng X Shanghai Entomological Museum; Institute of Plant Physiology & Ecology; Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai, 200032, China Institute of Horticulture, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan, 030031, China; Email: - - 2014
An annotated list of the type-specimens of Anthomyiidae deposited in the Shanghai Entomological Museum, China, is presented. A total of 196 holotypes and 479 paratypes representing 212 nominal species (207 valid, 5 synonyms) were recognized and are listed alphabetically. Bibliographical data of the original description, labels and condition of the ...
Ho Hsuan-Ching HC National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, Pingtung, Taiwan Institute of Marine Biodiversity & Evolutionary Biology, National Dong Hwa University, Pingtung, Taiwan.; Email: - - 2014
Examination of the holotype and three recently collected additional specimens from the Indian Ocean has revealed that Lophius triradiatus Lloyd, 1909 (now under Lophiodes)  is a valid species and a senior synonym of Lophiodes infrabrunneus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912 and Lophiodes abdituspinus Ni, Wu & Li, 1990. A detailed description ...
Pimenta Alexandre Dias AD Departamento de Invertebrados, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ); Email: - - 2014
A curatorial revision of the type specimens deposited in the Mollusca Collection of the Museu Nacional / UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (MNRJ) revealed the existence of 518 lots of type specimens (holotypes, neotypes, syntypes and paratypes) for 285 names of molluscan taxa from 88 families, including 247 gastropods, 30 ...
Naglis Stefan S Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.; Email: - - 2014
In his monograph of the genus Medetera, Kowarz (1878) described Medeterus glaucellus based on specimens from Italy and Austria collected by Mik, and from Romania collected by himself. He noted the resemblance to M. muralis Meigen, 1824, since both species lack dorsal setae on the mid tibia, and distinguished his ...
Beukema Wouter W CIBIO/InBio, Universidade de Évora, Largo dos Colegiais 2, 7000 Évora, Portugal.; Email: - - 2014
As part of his function as assistant to the director of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden, the Netherlands (RMNH, currently Naturalis Biodiversity Center), the German biologist Hermann Schlegel received several herpetological specimens from Algeria for identification purposes during the mid-19<sup>th</sup> century. These specimens were sent to him by ...
Heller Klaus-Gerhard KG Grillenstieg 18, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany; Email: - - 2014
During a 14-day excursion in March 1990, 28 species of tettigonioids were found at Irangi (1º54'S, 28º27'E), ca.100 km north west of Bukavu at Lake Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire), and at other localities near Bukavu. One species -Arantia (Arantia) gracilicercata Heller sp. n. - is new ...
Ichinose Genki G 1] Anan National College of Technology, 265 Aoki Minobayashi, Anan, Tokushima 774-0017, Japan [2] Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems Research Group, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, - - 2014
The Ultimatum Game (UG) is an economic game where two players (proposer and responder) decide how to split a certain amount of money. While traditional economic theories based on rational decision making predict that the proposer should make a minimal offer and the responder should accept it, human subjects tend ...
Zhang Yuguang Y Beijing Natural History Museum , Beijing , PR - - 2014
Enantiornithines are the most diverse avian clade in the Cretaceous. However, morphological specializations indicative of specific ecological roles are not well known for this clade. Here we report on an exquisitely well-preserved specimen from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of northeastern China, which pedal morphology is suggestive of a unique ...
Podenas Sigitas S Department of Zoology of Vilnius University, Ciurlionio str. 21/27 and Research Associate, Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA1910-1195. Nature Research Centre, Akademijos str. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania; Email: - - 2014
A new species of Pediciidae, Heterangaeus mongolicus is described from specimens collected during the fieldwork of the Mongolian Aquatic Insect Survey Project in north-central Mongolia, Tov Aimag (district). Descriptions and illustrations of the distinguishing morphological features are provided. Habitat information is presented. Female ovipositor and larvae of Heterangaeus are described ...
Drinkwater Robyn E RE Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20a Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, EH3 5LR, - - 2014
At the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) the use of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to aid the digitisation process has been investigated. This was tested using a herbarium specimen digitisation process with two stages of data entry. Records were initially batch-processed to add data extracted from the OCR text prior ...
Amrutha N N Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dental Sciences MS Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru Karnataka, - - 2014
Pathologists are under constant pressure for instant and reliable diagnosis. The manual procedures employed in private laboratories and institutional setup for histoprocessing and staining are laborious and intense. Thus, this study aims to evaluate and compare the microwave tissue processing and staining with the conventional methods which are in vogue. ...
Ernst Raffael R Museum of Zoology, Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstr. 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany.; Email: - - 2014
The monotypic genus Trichobatrachus, with its sole representative, the hairy frog, Trichobatrachus robustus Boulenger, 1900, could be considered one of the most well-known frogs of Africa. Despite its broad recognition and the fact that it is considered wide-spread and locally common (Amiet & Burger 2004), surprisingly little is known about ...
Tsai Wen-Ting WT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National - - 2014
Modern 3D electron microscopy approaches have recently allowed unprecedented insight into the 3D ultrastructural organization of cells and tissues, enabling the visualization of large macromolecular machines, such as adhesion complexes, as well as higher-order structures, such as the cytoskeleton and cellular organelles in their respective cell and tissue context. Given ...
Vidal Daniel D Unidad de Paleontología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, - - 2014
Titanosaurs are the only sauropod dinosaurs known to bear a dermal armor. Their osteoderms are relatively rare finds, with few more than a hundred specimens recovered worldwide. Also, little is known about their intra-individual, intra-specific or inter-specific variability. The macrovertebrate site of Lo Hueco (Upper Cretaceous; Cuenca, Spain) has yielded ...
Majumdar Angshul A Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi 110020, India. - - 2014
We address the problem of acquiring and transmitting EEG signals in Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) in an energy efficient fashion. In WBANs, the energy is consumed by three operations: sensing (sampling), processing and transmission. Previous studies only addressed the problem of reducing the transmission energy. For the first time, ...
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