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Cuschieri Joe M JM Lockheed Martin MST, 100 East 17th St., Riviera Beach, FL 33404, - - 2014
The acoustic radiation from fluid-loaded cylindrical shells received significant attention in the past. Reviewing the literature, the number of papers published in this area is significant. The body of work covers thin walled small diameter shells applicable to the sound transmission in pipes, to large diameter shells with internal stiffeners ...
Gray Michael D MD School of Mech. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., 771 Ferst Dr. NW, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405, - - 2014
In vivo ultrasonic attenuation was estimated for extracranial soft tissues of two Tursiops truncatus and one Delphinapterus leucas. Backscatter data were non-invasively collected as part of routine health-based ultrasound examinations using a transducer operating in the 2.0-3.5 MHz frequency range. Data sets collected over the proximal mandible and temporal regions ...
Owings Richard A RA From the Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little - - 2014
Context.-Developed in conjunction with molecular and progression data, the sequence classification schema for endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN)/benign hyperplasia (BH) provides an easy to adopt and reproducible method for classification of endometrial biopsies. Objective.-To review current data supporting the use of BH/EIN to classify endometrial biopsies, and to discuss the hormone-driven ...
Boltersdorf Stefanie H SH Department of Geobotany, University of Trier, Behringstr. 21, D-54296 Trier, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare three biomonitoring techniques for assessing nitrogen (N) pollution in Germany, 326 lichen, 153 moss and 187 bark samples were collected from 16 sites of the national N deposition monitoring network. The analysed ranges of N content of all investigated biomonitors (0.32%-4.69%) and the detected δ(15)N values (-15.2‰-1.5‰), made ...
Maybury C M CM St John's Institute of Dermatology, Division of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, King's College London School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
People with psoriasis taking methotrexate may be at increased risk of developing liver fibrosis compared to the general population. Non-invasive methods of detecting fibrosis have been widely adopted but their clinical utility is uncertain. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive methods to detect fibrosis compared to liver biopsy (reference ...
Baddoo H H Department of Anaesthesia, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Korle-Bu, - - 2014
The use of ultrasound in anaesthetic practice continues to be more established and the use of ultrasound guidance in establishing vascular access is recommended by various groups. We have developed a tissue model for the practice and skills development in ultrasound vascular access. The tissue model consist of a piece ...
Xu Shuoyu S Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, 31 Biopolis Way, #04-01, Singapore 138669; Computation and System Biology Program, Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive 3, E4-04-10, Singapore 117576; Biosystems and Micromechanics IRG, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, 1 CREATE Way, #04-13/14 Enterprise Wing, Singapore - - 2014
There is increasing need for accurate assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. We aimed to develop qFibrosis, a fully-automated assessment method combining quantification of histopathological architectural features, to address unmet needs in core biopsy evaluation of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. qFibrosis was established as a combined index based on ...
Nasser Y Y Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2014
Although animal models of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have provided important insights, there are no models that fully express the features of this complex condition. One alternative approach is the use of human intestinal biopsies obtained during endoscopic procedures to examine peripheral mechanisms in this disorder. These studies have ...
Reble Carina C Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Berlin (LMTB), Fabeckstraße 60-62, 14195 BerlinbTechnical University Berlin, Institute for Optics and Atomic Physics, 10587 - - 2014
Raman spectroscopy based discrimination of cervical precancer and normal tissue has been shown previously in vivo with fiber probe based measurements of colposcopically selected sites. With a view to developing in vivo large area imaging, macro raster scans of native cervical cone biopsies with an average of 200 spectra per ...
McBurnie Wendy W Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Think of a pathology specimen as your suitcase. When we check into a flight, that suitcase needs to be identified and tagged in a way to allow it to follow you across the world to your final destination. It passes through many checkpoints, conveyor belts and holds, and we trust ...
McBurnie Wendy W Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Think of a pathology specimen as your suitcase. When we check into a flight, that suitcase needs to be identified and tagged in a way to allow it to follow you across the world to your final destination. It passes through many checkpoints, conveyor belts and holds, and we trust ...
McKinney Melissa A MA Department of Biology, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada ; Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, - - 2014
Body condition is a key indicator of individual and population health. Yet, there is little consensus as to the most appropriate condition index (CI), and most of the currently used CIs have not been thoroughly validated and are logistically challenging. Adipose samples from large datasets of capture biopsied, remote biopsied, ...
Hsiang Solomon M SM Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA - - 2014
A recent study by Burke et al. [Burke M, Miguel E, Satyanath S, Dykema J, Lobell D (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106(49):20670-20674] reports statistical evidence that the likelihood of civil wars in African countries was elevated in hotter years. A following study by Buhaug [Buhaug H (2010) Proc ...
Gregori Josep J Liver Unit. Internal Medicine. Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Barcelona. Roche Diagnostics SL, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain. Statistics Department, Biology Faculty, Barcelona University. CIBER de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd) del Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid. Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM). Campus de Cantoblanco. Madrid, Spain. Bioinformatics and Statistics Unit, Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Bnc. Biochemistry Unit. Virology Unit /Microbiology Department. HUVH, Barcelona. Spain. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Bellaterra. - - 2014
Given the inherent dynamics of a viral quasispecies we are often interested in the comparison of diversity indices of sequential samples of a patient, or in the comparison of diversity indices of virus in groups of patients in a treated versus control design. It is then important to make sure ...
Ichinose Genki G 1] Anan National College of Technology, 265 Aoki Minobayashi, Anan, Tokushima 774-0017, Japan [2] Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems Research Group, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, - - 2014
The Ultimatum Game (UG) is an economic game where two players (proposer and responder) decide how to split a certain amount of money. While traditional economic theories based on rational decision making predict that the proposer should make a minimal offer and the responder should accept it, human subjects tend ...
Zhang Yuguang Y Beijing Natural History Museum , Beijing , PR - - 2014
Enantiornithines are the most diverse avian clade in the Cretaceous. However, morphological specializations indicative of specific ecological roles are not well known for this clade. Here we report on an exquisitely well-preserved specimen from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of northeastern China, which pedal morphology is suggestive of a unique ...
Szigeti Balázs B Neuroinformatics Doctoral Training Centre, University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, UK ; OpenWorm Project San Diego, CA, - - 2014
OpenWorm is an international collaboration with the aim of understanding how the behavior of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) emerges from its underlying physiological processes. The project has developed a modular simulation engine to create computational models of the worm. The modularity of the engine makes it possible to easily modify ...
Plantefève Rosalie - - 2014
An environment composed of different types of living tissues (such as the abdominal cavity) reveals a high complexity of boundary conditions, which are the attachments (e.g. connective tissues, ligaments) connecting different anatomical structures. Together with the material properties, the boundary conditions have a significant influence on the mechanical response of ...
Ernst Raffael R Museum of Zoology, Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstr. 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany.; Email: - - 2014
The monotypic genus Trichobatrachus, with its sole representative, the hairy frog, Trichobatrachus robustus Boulenger, 1900, could be considered one of the most well-known frogs of Africa. Despite its broad recognition and the fact that it is considered wide-spread and locally common (Amiet & Burger 2004), surprisingly little is known about ...
Pimenta Alexandre Dias AD Departamento de Invertebrados, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ); Email: - - 2014
A curatorial revision of the type specimens deposited in the Mollusca Collection of the Museu Nacional / UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (MNRJ) revealed the existence of 518 lots of type specimens (holotypes, neotypes, syntypes and paratypes) for 285 names of molluscan taxa from 88 families, including 247 gastropods, 30 ...
Galbusera Fabio F IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi , Milan , - - 2014
Knee ligaments are elastic bands of soft tissue with a complex microstructure and biomechanics, which are critical to determine the kinematics as well as the stress bearing behavior of the knee joint. Their correct implementation in terms of material models and properties is therefore necessary in the development of finite ...
Yu Qihui Q School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
A new camless compressed air engine is proposed, which can make the compressed air energy reasonably distributed. Through analysis of the camless compressed air engine, a mathematical model of the working processes was set up. Using the software MATLAB/Simulink for simulation, the pressure, temperature, and air mass of the cylinder ...
Ye Menglong - - 2014
Endoscopic surveillance is a widely used method for monitoring abnormal changes in the gastrointestinal tract such as Barrett's esophagus. Direct visual assessment, however, is both time consuming and error prone, as it involves manual labelling of abnormalities on a large set of images. To assist surveillance, this paper proposes an ...
Al-Atiyat R M RM Animal Production Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - - 2014
This study aimed to estimate evolutionary distances and to reconstruct phylogeny trees between different Awassi sheep populations. Thirty-two sheep individuals from three different geographical areas of Jordan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) were randomly sampled. DNA was extracted from the tissue samples and sequenced using the T7 promoter ...
Lindsay James - - 2014
Interest in de novo genome assembly has been renewed in the past decade due to rapid advances in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies which generate relatively short reads resulting in highly fragmented assemblies consisting of contigs. Additional long-range linkage information is typically used to orient, order, and link contigs into larger ...
Berranen Yacine - - 2014
This paper presents a novel approach for simulating 3D muscle deformations with complex architectures. The approach consists in choosing the best model formulation in terms of computation cost and accuracy, that mixes a volumetric-tissue model based on finite element method (3D FEM), a muscle fiber model (Hill contractile 1D element) ...
Jun Young Bae YB Department of Mathematics Education, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Republic of - - 2014
As a link between classical soft sets and hesitant fuzzy sets, the notion of hesitant fuzzy soft sets is introduced and applied to a decision making problem in the papers by Babitha and John (2013) and Wang et al. (2014). The aim of this paper is to apply hesitant fuzzy ...
Collins Samuel Ra SR Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UA - - 2014
Wheat straw is an attractive substrate for second generation ethanol production because it will complement and augment wheat production rather than competing with food production. However, like other sources of lignocellulosic biomass, even from a single species, it is heterogeneous in nature due to the different tissues and cell types, ...
Zorn-Kruppa Michaela M University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Dermatology and Venerology, 20246 Hamburg, - - 2014
The depth of injury (DOI) is a mechanistic correlate to the ocular irritation response. Attempts to quantitatively determine the DOI in alternative tests have been limited to ex vivo animal eyes by fluorescent staining for biomarkers of cell death and viability in histological cross sections. It was the purpose of ...
Corol Delia I DI Department of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences, Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK. - - 2014
Future improvement of woody biomass crops such as willow and poplar relies on our ability to select for metabolic traits that sequester more atmospheric carbon into biomass, or into useful products to replace petrochemical streams. We describe the development of metabotyping screens for willow, using combined 1D 1H-NMR-MS. A protocol ...
Sjökvist Elisabet E Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
One new order, one new family, and one new combination are presented, as the result of molecular phylogenetic analyses. The new order Stereopsidales and the new family Stereopsidaceae are described incorporating Stereopsis radicans and S. globosa, formerly Clavulicium globosum. We show that not only do these species represent an old ...
Bordoni Bruno B Department of Cardiology, IRCCS S Maria Nascente, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy ; CRESO Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Milan, - - 2014
Every body structure is wrapped in connective tissue, or fascia, creating a structural continuity that gives form and function to every tissue and organ. Currently, there is still little information on the functions and interactions between the fascial continuum and the body system; unfortunately, in medical literature there are few ...
Naglis Stefan S Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.; Email: - - 2014
In his monograph of the genus Medetera, Kowarz (1878) described Medeterus glaucellus based on specimens from Italy and Austria collected by Mik, and from Romania collected by himself. He noted the resemblance to M. muralis Meigen, 1824, since both species lack dorsal setae on the mid tibia, and distinguished his ...
Sun Guannan G Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of - - 2014
As next generation sequencing technologies are becoming more economical, large-scale ChIP-seq studies are enabling the investigation of the roles of transcription factor binding and epigenome on phenotypic variation. Studying such variation requires individual level ChIP-seq experiments. Standard designs for ChIP-seq experiments employ a paired control per ChIP-seq sample. Genomic coverage ...
Zhang Xufeng X Shanghai Entomological Museum; Institute of Plant Physiology & Ecology; Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai, 200032, China Institute of Horticulture, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan, 030031, China; Email: - - 2014
An annotated list of the type-specimens of Anthomyiidae deposited in the Shanghai Entomological Museum, China, is presented. A total of 196 holotypes and 479 paratypes representing 212 nominal species (207 valid, 5 synonyms) were recognized and are listed alphabetically. Bibliographical data of the original description, labels and condition of the ...
Heller Klaus-Gerhard KG Grillenstieg 18, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany; Email: - - 2014
During a 14-day excursion in March 1990, 28 species of tettigonioids were found at Irangi (1º54'S, 28º27'E), ca.100 km north west of Bukavu at Lake Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire), and at other localities near Bukavu. One species -Arantia (Arantia) gracilicercata Heller sp. n. - is new ...
Avouac Jérôme J Université Paris Descartes, Service de Rhumatologie A et INSERM U1016, Hôpital, Cochin, Paris, France, - - 2014
Relevant animal models are essential tools to investigate in depth the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder that affects particularly the skin. SSc is characterized by vasculopathy, immune disturbances, and fibrosis. Expression of each of the three pathologic features varies among SSc patients ...
Roche Alexis - - 2014
We propose a fast algorithm to estimate brain tissue concentrations from conventional T1-weighted images based on a Bayesian maximum a posteriori formulation that extends the "mixel" model developed in the 90's. A key observation is the necessity to incorporate additional prior constraints to the "mixel" model for the estimation of ...
Qi Jin J Brain and Behavior Discovery Institute, James and Jean Culver Vision Discovery Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia, 30912, United States of - - 2014
Real-time human activity recognition is essential for human-robot interactions for assisted healthy independent living. Most previous work in this area is performed on traditional two-dimensional (2D) videos and both global and local methods have been used. Since 2D videos are sensitive to changes of lighting condition, view angle, and scale, ...
Drinkwater Robyn E RE Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20a Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, EH3 5LR, - - 2014
At the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) the use of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to aid the digitisation process has been investigated. This was tested using a herbarium specimen digitisation process with two stages of data entry. Records were initially batch-processed to add data extracted from the OCR text prior ...
Judson Marc A MA Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Department of Medicine, MC-91 Albany Medical College. - - 2014
Introduction: A Case Control Etiology of Sarcoidosis Study (ACCESS) sarcoidosis organ assessment instrument has been used for more than a decade to establish uniform standards for the probability of sarcoidosis organ involvement. The ACCESS instrument has become increasingly outdated as new technologies have been developed. Furthermore, the ACCESS instrument failed ...
Tang Wenlong - - 2014
Monitoring of postures and activities is used in many clinical and research applications, some of which may require highly reliable posture and activity recognition with desired accuracy well above 99% mark. This paper suggests a method for performing highly accurate recognition of postures and activities from data collected by a ...
Müller Markus - - 2014
The reconstruction of a 3D volume from a stack of 2D histology slices is still a challenging problem especially if no external references are available. Without a reference, standard registration approaches tend to align structures that should not be perfectly aligned. In this work we introduce a deformable, reference-free reconstruction ...
Yüksel Saziye S Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, 42003 Konya, - - 2014
Soft rough sets which are a hybrid model combining rough sets with soft sets are defined by using soft rough approximation operators. Soft rough sets can be seen as a generalized rough set model based on soft sets. The present paper aims to combine the covering soft set with rough ...
Vidal Daniel D Unidad de Paleontología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, - - 2014
Titanosaurs are the only sauropod dinosaurs known to bear a dermal armor. Their osteoderms are relatively rare finds, with few more than a hundred specimens recovered worldwide. Also, little is known about their intra-individual, intra-specific or inter-specific variability. The macrovertebrate site of Lo Hueco (Upper Cretaceous; Cuenca, Spain) has yielded ...
Tsai Wen-Ting WT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National - - 2014
Modern 3D electron microscopy approaches have recently allowed unprecedented insight into the 3D ultrastructural organization of cells and tissues, enabling the visualization of large macromolecular machines, such as adhesion complexes, as well as higher-order structures, such as the cytoskeleton and cellular organelles in their respective cell and tissue context. Given ...
Mondal Debasish D Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
A focused theme in systems biology is to uncover design principles of biological networks, that is, how specific network structures yield specific systems properties. For this purpose, we have previously developed a reverse engineering procedure to identify network topologies with high likelihood in generating desired systems properties. Our method searches ...
Kaur Jaspreet J Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Fitting parameter sets of non-linear equations in cardiac single cell ionic models to reproduce experimental behavior is a time consuming process. The standard procedure is to adjust maximum channel conductances in ionic models to reproduce action potentials (APs) recorded in isolated cells. However, vastly different sets of parameters can produce ...
Tu Hong-Bin HB School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, Hunan 410075, - - 2014
This paper presents a novel method of human action recognition, which is based on the reconstructed phase space. Firstly, the human body is divided into 15 key points, whose trajectory represents the human body behavior, and the modified particle filter is used to track these key points for self-occlusion. Secondly, ...
Zhang Ziqun Z Digital Medical Research Centre, Fudan University, Shanghai, China Shanghai Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), Shanghai, - - 2014
Skull defect reconstruction is an important aspect of surgical repair. Historically, a skull defect prosthesis was created by the mirroring technique, surface fitting, or formed templates. These methods are not based on the anatomy of the individual patient's skull, and therefore, the prosthesis cannot precisely correct the defect. This study ...
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