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Results 101 - 150 of 1235
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Mulder Daniel J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Diagnosing eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) depends on intraepithelial eosinophil count of ≥15 eosinophils per high power field (HPF). However, differentiating EoE from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) continues to be a challenge, as no true 'gold standard' criteria exist. Identifying clinical and endoscopic characteristics that distinguish EoE could provide a more ...
Silcox Mary T - - 2012
Primates underwent a period of diversification following the extinction of non-avian dinosaurs. Although the Order first appeared near the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary, it is not until the Torrejonian (the second North American Land Mammal Age of the Paleocene) that a diversity of families began to emerge. One of the lithological units ...
Hwang Sang-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The probability of a prostate cancer-positive biopsy result varies with PSA concentration. Thus, we applied information theory on classification and regression tree analysis (CART) for decision making predicting the probability of a biopsy result at various PSA concentrations. METHODS: From 2007 to 2009, prostate biopsies were performed in 664 ...
Lubina Zvonimir Ivan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To present a new model derived from Ross's model for the assessment of the total amount of epidural fibrosis and to present inter- and intravariability study. METHODS: Two readers blinded to each other and blinded to their first and second reading retrospectively evaluated the magnetic resonance examinations in 32 ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Flexible bronchoscopic procedures are currently the most often employed technique for demonstrating granulomatous inflammation in sarcoidosis. Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has been used for over three decades; however it remains an underutilized technique, primarily due to the wide variations in the reported success rates and unconfirmed ...
Prentice Heather A HA Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2012
The dynamics of HIV-1 viremia is a complex and evolving landscape with clinical and epidemiological (public health) implications. Most studies have relied on the use of set-point viral load (VL) as a readily available proxy of viral dynamics to assess host and viral correlates. This review highlights recent findings from ...
Achdou Yves - - 2012
In this paper we present a mathematical model for the aggregation and diffusion of A[Formula: see text] amyloid in the brain affected by Alzheimer's disease, at the early stage of the disease. The model is based on a classical discrete Smoluchowski aggregation equation modified to take diffusion into account. We ...
Wang Yan - - 2012
AIM: As liver biopsy has considerable limitations in the assessment of liver fibrosis, non-invasive models have achieved great progress in the past. However, many tests consist of variables that are not readily available, and there are few data about patients with hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). ...
Romero-Canyas Rainer - - 2012
Gauging one's impression on a potential mate is challenging. There is a need to make reasonably accurate inferences from subtle, dynamic facial expressions and to maintain motivation to connect despite the risk of rejection. The interpersonal optimism of people low in rejection sensitivity (RS), people who confidently expect acceptance rather ...
Cordero Pablo P Department of Biomedical Informatics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2012
For decades, dimethyl sulfate (DMS) mapping has informed manual modeling of RNA structure in vitro and in vivo. Here, we incorporate DMS data into automated secondary structure inference using an energy minimization framework developed for 2'-OH acylation (SHAPE) mapping. On six noncoding RNAs with crystallographic models, DMS-guided modeling achieves overall ...
Anderson Stephan W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the non-Gaussian behavior of diffusion related signal decay of the ex vivo murine liver tissues from a dietary model of hepatic fibrosis. To this end, a biexponential formalism was used to model high b-value diffusion imaging (up to 3500 s/mm(2)), the findings ...
Yilmaz Yusuf - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although liver biopsy remains the best diagnostic standard for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), non-invasive tests are eagerly awaited. In this study, we sought to develop a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm to discriminate with high accuracy between subjects with NASH and controls using a blood-based biomarker panel. METHODS: A total ...
Sükösd Zsuzsanna Z Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University, Aarhus N, Denmark. - - 2012
PPfold is a multi-threaded implementation of the Pfold algorithm for RNA secondary structure prediction. Here we present a new version of PPfold, which extends the evolutionary analysis with a flexible probabilistic model for incorporating auxiliary data, such as data from structure probing experiments. Our tests show that the accuracy of ...
Aqvist Johan - - 2012
The wealth of structural and biochemical data now available for protein synthesis on the ribosome presents major new challenges for computational biochemistry. Apart from technical difficulties in modeling ribosome systems, the complexity of the overall translation cycle with a multitude of different kinetic steps presents a formidable problem for computational ...
Lan Tian - - 2012
In this paper, we go beyond recognizing the actions of individuals and focus on group activities. This is motivated from the observation that human actions are rarely performed in isolation; the contextual information of what other people in the scene are doing provides a useful cue for understanding high-level activities. ...
Keating Kevin S - - 2012
RNA crystals typically diffract to much lower resolutions than protein crystals. This low-resolution diffraction results in unclear density maps, which cause considerable difficulties during the model-building process. These difficulties are exacerbated by the lack of computational tools for RNA modeling. Here, RCrane, a tool for the partially automated building of ...
Parlato E - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of parentage misidentification on estimation of genetic parameters for the Italian buffalo population for milk yield from 45,194 lactation records of 23,104 Italian buffalo cows. Animals were grouped into 10 data sets in which sires and dams were DNA identified, ...
Brisco Michael J - - 2012
RNA degradation can distort or prevent measurement of RNA transcripts. A mathematical model for degradation was constructed, based on random RNA damage and exponential polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Degradation, measured as the number of lesions/base, can be quantified by amplifying several sequences of a reference gene, calculating the regression ...
Hausmann Nina Z NZ Department of Chemistry, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO 63103, - - 2012
To better elucidate RNA structure-function relationships and to improve the design of pharmaceutical agents that target specific RNA motifs, an understanding of RNA primary, secondary, and tertiary structure is necessary. The prediction of RNA secondary structure from sequence is an intermediate step in predicting RNA three-dimensional structure. RNA secondary structure ...
McGovern Andrew P - - 2012
Recent advances have highlighted the central role of DNA methylation in leukemogenesis and have led to clinical trials of epigenetic therapy, notably hypomethylating agents, in myelodysplasia and acute myeloid leukemia. However, despite these advances, our understanding of the dynamic regulation of the methylome remains poor. We have attempted to address ...
Fatima Sabiha - - 2012
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) operates in a DNA damage signaling network. Molecular docking and three dimensional-quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) studies were performed on human PARP-1 inhibitors. Docked conformation obtained for each molecule was used as such for 3D-QSAR analysis. Molecules were divided into a training set and a test ...
Lohse Marc - - 2012
Recent rapid advances in next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq)-based provide researchers with unprecedentedly large data sets and open new perspectives in transcriptomics. Furthermore, RNA-Seq-based transcript profiling can be applied to non-model and newly discovered organisms because it does not require a predefined measuring platform (like e.g. microarrays). However, these novel ...
Wolfe Kevin C KC Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United - - 2012
Several different mechanical models of double-helical nucleic-acid structures that have been presented in the literature are reviewed here together with a new analysis method that provides a reconciliation between these disparate models. In all cases, terminology and basic results from the theory of Lie groups are used to describe rigid-body ...
Seo Sangjae - - 2012
KOSMOS is the first online morph server to be able to address the structural dynamics of DNA/RNA, proteins and even their complexes, such as ribosomes. The key functions of KOSMOS are the harmonic and anharmonic analyses of macromolecules. In the harmonic analysis, normal mode analysis (NMA) based on an elastic ...
Touleimat Nizar - - 2012
Background: Huge progress has been made in the development of array- or sequencing-based technologies for DNA methylation analysis. The Illumina Infinium(®) Human Methylation 450K BeadChip (Illumina Inc., CA, USA) allows the simultaneous quantitative monitoring of more than 480,000 CpG positions, enabling large-scale epigenotyping studies. However, the assay combines two different ...
Mollazadeh-Beidokhti Laleh - - 2012
We studied the dynamical behavior of a mononucleosome under tension using a theoretical model that takes into account the nucleosomal geometry, DNA elasticity, nonspecific DNA-protein binding, and effective repulsion between the two DNA turns. Using a dynamical Monte-Carlo simulation algorithm, we demonstrate that this model shows a behavior that for ...
Anderson James Wj - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stochastic Context-Free Grammars (SCFGs) were applied successfully to RNA secondary structure prediction in the early 90s, and used in combination with comparative methods in the late 90s. The set of SCFGs potentially useful for RNA secondary structure prediction is very large, but a few intuitively designed grammars have ...
Iancu Ovidiu D OD Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA. - - 2012
RNA-Seq experiments have shown great potential for transcriptome profiling. While sequencing increases the level of biological detail, integrative data analysis is also important. One avenue is the construction of coexpression networks. Because the capacity of RNA-Seq data for network construction has not been previously evaluated, we constructed a coexpression network ...
Lebon Florence - - 2012
A multi-disciplinary approach was used to identify the first pharmacophore model for KCC2 blockers: several physico-chemical studies such as XRD and NMR were combined to molecular modelling techniques, SAR analysis and synthesis of constrained analogues in order to determine a minimal conformational space regrouping few potential bioactive conformations. These conformations ...
Loinger Adiel - - 2012
Two major classes of small regulatory RNAs--small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and microRNA (miRNAs)--are involved in a common RNA interference processing pathway. Small RNAs within each of these families were found to compete for limiting amounts of shared components, required for their biogenesis and processing. Association with Argonaute (Ago), the catalytic ...
Chen Jonathan L - - 2012
Thermodynamic parameters for GU pairs are important for predicting the secondary structures of RNA and for finding genomic sequences that code for structured RNA. Optical melting curves were measured for 29 RNA duplexes with GU pairs to improve nearest neighbor parameters for predicting stabilities of helixes. The updated model eliminates ...
Zabet Nicolae Radu - - 2012
Gene activity is mediated by site-specific transcription factors (TFs). Their binding to defined regions in the genome determines the rate at which their target genes are transcribed. We present a comprehensive computational model of the search process of TF for their genomic target site(s). The computational model considers: the DNA ...
Dimitrieva Slavica - - 2012
Commonly used RNA folding programs compute the minimum free energy structure of a sequence under the pseudoknot exclusion constraint. They are based on Zuker's algorithm which runs in time O(n(3)). Recently, it has been claimed that RNA folding can be achieved in average time O(n(2)) using a sparsification technique. A ...
Chuah Tong Kuan - - 2012
This paper presents a termination criterion for active contour that does not involve alteration of the energy functional. The criterion is based on the area difference of the contour during evolution. In this criterion, the evolution of the contour terminates when the area difference fluctuates around a constant. The termination ...
Sim Adelene Y L AY Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4090, USA. - - 2012
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules play important roles in a variety of biological processes. To properly function, RNA molecules usually have to fold to specific structures, and therefore understanding RNA structure is vital in comprehending how RNA functions. One approach to understanding and predicting biomolecular structure is to use knowledge-based potentials ...
An Guohua - - 2012
We conducted a pharmacokinetic (PK) study of mitoxantrone (Novantrone®), a clinically well-established anticancer agent, in mice and developed a mechanism-based PBPK (physiologically based pharmacokinetic) model to describe its disposition. Mitoxantrone concentrations in plasma and six organs (lung, heart, liver, kidney, spleen, and brain) were determined after a 5 mg/kg i.v. dose. ...
Vanegas Pamela L PL Department of Chemistry, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63103, United - - 2012
Currently, several models for predicting the secondary structure of RNA exist, one of which is free energy minimization using the Nearest Neighbor Model. This model predicts the lowest-free energy secondary structure from a primary sequence by summing the free energy contributions of the Watson-Crick nearest neighbor base pair combinations and ...
Weitz Maximilian - - 2012
With the help of only two enzymes-an RNA polymerase and a ribonuclease-reduced versions of transcriptional regulatory circuits can be implemented in vitro. These circuits enable the emulation of naturally occurring biochemical networks, the exploration of biological circuit design principles and the biochemical implementation of powerful computational models.
Svetlov Vladimir - - 2012
In their commentary, Klyuyev and Vassylyev dispute a model of transcription inhibition by tagetitoxin (Tgt) proposed by us based on biochemical analysis and computational docking. We maintain that, although an alternative explanation can be provided for any single observation reported by us, taken together our results support a model in ...
Wan Lin - - 2012
RNA-Seq is widely used in biological and biomedical studies. Methods for the estimation of the transcript's abundance using RNA-Seq data have been intensively studied, many of which are based on the assumption that the short-reads of RNA-Seq are uniformly distributed along the transcripts. However, the short-reads are found to be ...
Antin Jonathan F - - 2012
The purpose of this research effort was to compare older driver and non-driver functional impairment profiles across some 60 assessment metrics in an initial effort to contribute to the development of fitness-to-drive assessment models. Of the metrics evaluated, 21 showed statistically significant differences, almost all favoring the drivers. Also, it ...
Zhang Jian - - 2012
In this work we develop an approach for predicting the tertiary structures of RNA fragments by combining an RNA nucleobase discrete state (RNAnbds) model, a sequential Monte Carlo method, and a statistical potential. The RNAnbds model is designed for optimizing the configuration of nucleobases with respect to their preceding ones ...
Mittal Vinay K - - 2012
The rapid expansion in the quantity and quality of RNA-Seq data requires the development of sophisticated high-performance bioinformatics tools capable of rapidly transforming this data into meaningful information that is easily interpretable by biologists. Currently available analysis tools are often not easily installed by the general biologist and most of ...
Hansen Kasper D - - 2012
The ability to measure gene expression on a genome-wide scale is one of the most promising accomplishments in molecular biology. Microarrays, the technology that first permitted this, were riddled with problems due to unwanted sources of variability. Many of these problems are now mitigated, after a decade's worth of statistical ...
Sim Adelene Y L AY Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2012
We develop a unique algorithm implemented in the program MOSAICS (Methodologies for Optimization and Sampling in Computational Studies) that is capable of nanoscale modeling without compromising the resolution of interest. This is achieved by modeling with customizable hierarchical degrees of freedom, thereby circumventing major limitations of conventional molecular modeling. With ...
Fongsatitkul Prayoon - - 2012
Energy generation from methane (CH(4)) is one of the primary targets of the anaerobic digestion process. Consequently, the focus of this study was to investigate the effect on CH(4) production of total solids (TS) loading (measured as % TS) and hydraulic residence time (HRT) during the treatment of the organic ...
Tuffrey-Wijne Irene - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To develop a model for breaking bad news that meets the needs of people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). DESIGN: A two-phase qualitative study featuring: (I) focus group meetings, on-line focus groups and one-to-one interviews; (II) structured feedback from participants and other stakeholders. SETTING: Participants were drawn from National Health ...
Friedman Alinda - - 2012
Our mental representation of the world is far from objective. For example, western Canadians estimate the locations of North American cities to be too far to the west. This bias could be due to a reference point effect, in which people estimate more space between places close to them than ...
de Carvalho João P M - - 2012
Introduction.  Anencephaly is the most severe neural tube defect in human fetuses. There is an increasing need for tissue replacement in chronic diseases and reconstructive surgeries. Fetal tissues have been used as a substitute for native organs. Aim.  The aim of this article was to compare the structure and morphology ...
Cano-Sancho G - - 2012
HT-2 toxin (HT2) and T-2 toxin (T2) are mycotoxins produced in several cereals by species of Fusarium. The aim of the present study was to assess the exposure of Catalonian population to the combined mycotoxins T2 and HT2. Three different approaches were considered to handle the left censored data: (1) ...
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