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O'Sullivan Finbarr F University College - - 2014
Most radiotracers used in dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) scanning act in a linear time-invariant fashion so that the measured time-course data are a convolution between the time course of the tracer in the arterial supply and the local tissue impulse response, known as the tissue residue function. In statistical ...
Lamb Christopher R CR Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, - - 2014
Better understanding of the reasons why manuscripts are rejected, and recognition of the most frequent manuscript flaws identified by reviewers, should help submitting authors to avoid these pitfalls. Of 219 manuscripts submitted to Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound in 2012, none (0%) was accepted without revision, four (2%) were withdrawn by ...
Barclay Pat P Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1 - - 2014
Humans reject uneven divisions of resources, even at personal cost. This is observed in countless experiments using the ultimatum game, where a proposer offers to divide a resource with a responder who either accepts the division or rejects it (whereupon both earn zero). Researchers debate why humans evolved a psychology ...
Kiapour Ata M AM Engineering Center for Orthopaedic Research Excellence (ECORE), University of Toledo, Toledo, USA ; Departments of Orthopaedics and Bioengineering, The University of Toledo, Toledo, - - 2014
Finite element (FE) analysis has become an increasingly popular technique in the study of human joint biomechanics, as it allows for detailed analysis of the joint/tissue behavior under complex, clinically relevant loading conditions. A wide variety of modeling techniques have been utilized to model knee joint ligaments. However, the effect ...
Gujarathi S R SR Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, - - 2014
Reconstruction of complex structures is an inverse problem arising in virtually all areas of science and technology, from protein structure determination to bulk heterostructure solar cells and the structure of nanoparticles. We cast this problem as a complex network problem where the edges in a network have weights equal to ...
Ding Ke K Department of Radiology, The No.2 People's Hospital of Nanning, Nanning 530031, China; Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin 541000, - - 2014
Hepatic fibrosis, resulted from hepatoxicity and other diseases such as diabetes, is an important pathological characteristic of chronic liver diseases. Establishment of hepatic fibrosis animal models is of great importance and a prerequisite for human clinical studies. The common models for liver fibrosis are often established in lower small animals ...
Schwartz Doron D Virginia Tech - Wake Forest University, - - 2014
A simplified lower extremity model was developed using the geometry from the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) 50th percentile male occupant model v4.1.1 (M50) as a base. This simplified model contains 31.4x103 elements and has structures that represent bone (assumed rigid) and soft tissue. This element total is substantially ...
Stein D L DL Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Nash Hall 104, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2014
Paraliparis hawaiiensis n.sp. is described from the north-western Hawaiian Islands from two specimens collected at 2196 and 3055 m. It differs from other North Pacific Ocean species in its chin pore arrangement, tooth pattern and body proportions. Although liparid specimens have previously been collected from Hawaii, they were undescribed and are ...
Owings Richard A RA From the Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little - - 2014
Context.-Developed in conjunction with molecular and progression data, the sequence classification schema for endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN)/benign hyperplasia (BH) provides an easy to adopt and reproducible method for classification of endometrial biopsies. Objective.-To review current data supporting the use of BH/EIN to classify endometrial biopsies, and to discuss the hormone-driven ...
Lee Seong Cheol SC Department of Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
Although sonography-guided core needle biopsy is a highly targeted method, there is a possibility of an invasive component after surgical excision of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast. This study was performed to develop and validate nomograms to predict the postoperative invasive component in DCIS at core needle ...
Boltersdorf Stefanie H SH Department of Geobotany, University of Trier, Behringstr. 21, D-54296 Trier, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare three biomonitoring techniques for assessing nitrogen (N) pollution in Germany, 326 lichen, 153 moss and 187 bark samples were collected from 16 sites of the national N deposition monitoring network. The analysed ranges of N content of all investigated biomonitors (0.32%-4.69%) and the detected δ(15)N values (-15.2‰-1.5‰), made ...
Maybury C M CM St John's Institute of Dermatology, Division of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, King's College London School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
People with psoriasis taking methotrexate may be at increased risk of developing liver fibrosis compared to the general population. Non-invasive methods of detecting fibrosis have been widely adopted but their clinical utility is uncertain. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive methods to detect fibrosis compared to liver biopsy (reference ...
Baddoo H H Department of Anaesthesia, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Korle-Bu, - - 2014
The use of ultrasound in anaesthetic practice continues to be more established and the use of ultrasound guidance in establishing vascular access is recommended by various groups. We have developed a tissue model for the practice and skills development in ultrasound vascular access. The tissue model consist of a piece ...
Xu Shuoyu S Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, 31 Biopolis Way, #04-01, Singapore 138669; Computation and System Biology Program, Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive 3, E4-04-10, Singapore 117576; Biosystems and Micromechanics IRG, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, 1 CREATE Way, #04-13/14 Enterprise Wing, Singapore - - 2014
There is increasing need for accurate assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. We aimed to develop qFibrosis, a fully-automated assessment method combining quantification of histopathological architectural features, to address unmet needs in core biopsy evaluation of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. qFibrosis was established as a combined index based on ...
Nasser Y Y Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2014
Although animal models of the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have provided important insights, there are no models that fully express the features of this complex condition. One alternative approach is the use of human intestinal biopsies obtained during endoscopic procedures to examine peripheral mechanisms in this disorder. These studies have ...
Reble Carina C Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Berlin (LMTB), Fabeckstraße 60-62, 14195 BerlinbTechnical University Berlin, Institute for Optics and Atomic Physics, 10587 - - 2014
Raman spectroscopy based discrimination of cervical precancer and normal tissue has been shown previously in vivo with fiber probe based measurements of colposcopically selected sites. With a view to developing in vivo large area imaging, macro raster scans of native cervical cone biopsies with an average of 200 spectra per ...
McKinney Melissa A MA Department of Biology, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada ; Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, - - 2014
Body condition is a key indicator of individual and population health. Yet, there is little consensus as to the most appropriate condition index (CI), and most of the currently used CIs have not been thoroughly validated and are logistically challenging. Adipose samples from large datasets of capture biopsied, remote biopsied, ...
Hsiang Solomon M SM Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA - - 2014
A recent study by Burke et al. [Burke M, Miguel E, Satyanath S, Dykema J, Lobell D (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106(49):20670-20674] reports statistical evidence that the likelihood of civil wars in African countries was elevated in hotter years. A following study by Buhaug [Buhaug H (2010) Proc ...
Gregori Josep J Liver Unit. Internal Medicine. Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Barcelona. Roche Diagnostics SL, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain. Statistics Department, Biology Faculty, Barcelona University. CIBER de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd) del Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid. Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM). Campus de Cantoblanco. Madrid, Spain. Bioinformatics and Statistics Unit, Vall d'Hebron Institut Recerca (VHIR-HUVH), Bnc. Biochemistry Unit. Virology Unit /Microbiology Department. HUVH, Barcelona. Spain. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Bellaterra. - - 2014
Given the inherent dynamics of a viral quasispecies we are often interested in the comparison of diversity indices of sequential samples of a patient, or in the comparison of diversity indices of virus in groups of patients in a treated versus control design. It is then important to make sure ...
Tang Wenlong - - 2014
Monitoring of postures and activities is used in many clinical and research applications, some of which may require highly reliable posture and activity recognition with desired accuracy well above 99% mark. This paper suggests a method for performing highly accurate recognition of postures and activities from data collected by a ...
Avouac Jérôme J Université Paris Descartes, Service de Rhumatologie A et INSERM U1016, Hôpital, Cochin, Paris, France, - - 2014
Relevant animal models are essential tools to investigate in depth the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder that affects particularly the skin. SSc is characterized by vasculopathy, immune disturbances, and fibrosis. Expression of each of the three pathologic features varies among SSc patients ...
Judson Marc A MA Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Department of Medicine, MC-91 Albany Medical College. - - 2014
Introduction: A Case Control Etiology of Sarcoidosis Study (ACCESS) sarcoidosis organ assessment instrument has been used for more than a decade to establish uniform standards for the probability of sarcoidosis organ involvement. The ACCESS instrument has become increasingly outdated as new technologies have been developed. Furthermore, the ACCESS instrument failed ...
Sjökvist Elisabet E Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
One new order, one new family, and one new combination are presented, as the result of molecular phylogenetic analyses. The new order Stereopsidales and the new family Stereopsidaceae are described incorporating Stereopsis radicans and S. globosa, formerly Clavulicium globosum. We show that not only do these species represent an old ...
Samas Peter P Department of Zoology and Laboratory of Ornithology, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 50, CZ-771 46 Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
Why have birds evolved the ability to reject eggs? Typically, foreign egg discrimination is interpreted as evidence that interspecific brood parasitism (IP) has selected for the host's ability to recognize and eliminate foreign eggs. Fewer studies explore the alternative hypothesis that rejection of interspecific eggs is a by-product of host ...
Zhang Xufeng X Shanghai Entomological Museum; Institute of Plant Physiology & Ecology; Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai, 200032, China Institute of Horticulture, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan, 030031, China; Email: - - 2014
An annotated list of the type-specimens of Anthomyiidae deposited in the Shanghai Entomological Museum, China, is presented. A total of 196 holotypes and 479 paratypes representing 212 nominal species (207 valid, 5 synonyms) were recognized and are listed alphabetically. Bibliographical data of the original description, labels and condition of the ...
Ho Hsuan-Ching HC National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, Pingtung, Taiwan Institute of Marine Biodiversity & Evolutionary Biology, National Dong Hwa University, Pingtung, Taiwan.; Email: - - 2014
Examination of the holotype and three recently collected additional specimens from the Indian Ocean has revealed that Lophius triradiatus Lloyd, 1909 (now under Lophiodes)  is a valid species and a senior synonym of Lophiodes infrabrunneus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912 and Lophiodes abdituspinus Ni, Wu & Li, 1990. A detailed description ...
Pimenta Alexandre Dias AD Departamento de Invertebrados, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ); Email: - - 2014
A curatorial revision of the type specimens deposited in the Mollusca Collection of the Museu Nacional / UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (MNRJ) revealed the existence of 518 lots of type specimens (holotypes, neotypes, syntypes and paratypes) for 285 names of molluscan taxa from 88 families, including 247 gastropods, 30 ...
Naglis Stefan S Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.; Email: - - 2014
In his monograph of the genus Medetera, Kowarz (1878) described Medeterus glaucellus based on specimens from Italy and Austria collected by Mik, and from Romania collected by himself. He noted the resemblance to M. muralis Meigen, 1824, since both species lack dorsal setae on the mid tibia, and distinguished his ...
Beukema Wouter W CIBIO/InBio, Universidade de Évora, Largo dos Colegiais 2, 7000 Évora, Portugal.; Email: - - 2014
As part of his function as assistant to the director of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden, the Netherlands (RMNH, currently Naturalis Biodiversity Center), the German biologist Hermann Schlegel received several herpetological specimens from Algeria for identification purposes during the mid-19<sup>th</sup> century. These specimens were sent to him by ...
Heller Klaus-Gerhard KG Grillenstieg 18, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany; Email: - - 2014
During a 14-day excursion in March 1990, 28 species of tettigonioids were found at Irangi (1º54'S, 28º27'E), ca.100 km north west of Bukavu at Lake Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire), and at other localities near Bukavu. One species -Arantia (Arantia) gracilicercata Heller sp. n. - is new ...
Ichinose Genki G 1] Anan National College of Technology, 265 Aoki Minobayashi, Anan, Tokushima 774-0017, Japan [2] Collective Dynamics of Complex Systems Research Group, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, - - 2014
The Ultimatum Game (UG) is an economic game where two players (proposer and responder) decide how to split a certain amount of money. While traditional economic theories based on rational decision making predict that the proposer should make a minimal offer and the responder should accept it, human subjects tend ...
Zhang Yuguang Y Beijing Natural History Museum , Beijing , PR - - 2014
Enantiornithines are the most diverse avian clade in the Cretaceous. However, morphological specializations indicative of specific ecological roles are not well known for this clade. Here we report on an exquisitely well-preserved specimen from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of northeastern China, which pedal morphology is suggestive of a unique ...
Podenas Sigitas S Department of Zoology of Vilnius University, Ciurlionio str. 21/27 and Research Associate, Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA1910-1195. Nature Research Centre, Akademijos str. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania; Email: - - 2014
A new species of Pediciidae, Heterangaeus mongolicus is described from specimens collected during the fieldwork of the Mongolian Aquatic Insect Survey Project in north-central Mongolia, Tov Aimag (district). Descriptions and illustrations of the distinguishing morphological features are provided. Habitat information is presented. Female ovipositor and larvae of Heterangaeus are described ...
Drinkwater Robyn E RE Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20a Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, EH3 5LR, - - 2014
At the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) the use of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to aid the digitisation process has been investigated. This was tested using a herbarium specimen digitisation process with two stages of data entry. Records were initially batch-processed to add data extracted from the OCR text prior ...
Amrutha N N Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dental Sciences MS Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru Karnataka, - - 2014
Pathologists are under constant pressure for instant and reliable diagnosis. The manual procedures employed in private laboratories and institutional setup for histoprocessing and staining are laborious and intense. Thus, this study aims to evaluate and compare the microwave tissue processing and staining with the conventional methods which are in vogue. ...
Ernst Raffael R Museum of Zoology, Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstr. 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany.; Email: - - 2014
The monotypic genus Trichobatrachus, with its sole representative, the hairy frog, Trichobatrachus robustus Boulenger, 1900, could be considered one of the most well-known frogs of Africa. Despite its broad recognition and the fact that it is considered wide-spread and locally common (Amiet & Burger 2004), surprisingly little is known about ...
Tsai Wen-Ting WT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National - - 2014
Modern 3D electron microscopy approaches have recently allowed unprecedented insight into the 3D ultrastructural organization of cells and tissues, enabling the visualization of large macromolecular machines, such as adhesion complexes, as well as higher-order structures, such as the cytoskeleton and cellular organelles in their respective cell and tissue context. Given ...
Vidal Daniel D Unidad de Paleontología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid, - - 2014
Titanosaurs are the only sauropod dinosaurs known to bear a dermal armor. Their osteoderms are relatively rare finds, with few more than a hundred specimens recovered worldwide. Also, little is known about their intra-individual, intra-specific or inter-specific variability. The macrovertebrate site of Lo Hueco (Upper Cretaceous; Cuenca, Spain) has yielded ...
Pasotti Lorenzo L 0000-0002-5431-3083 Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Mathematical Modelling and Synthetic Biology, Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy ; Centre for Tissue Engineering, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, - - 2014
The design process of complex systems in all the fields of engineering requires a set of quantitatively characterized components and a method to predict the output of systems composed by such elements. This strategy relies on the modularity of the used components or the prediction of their context-dependent behaviour, when ...
Al-Atiyat R M RM Animal Production Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - - 2014
This study aimed to estimate evolutionary distances and to reconstruct phylogeny trees between different Awassi sheep populations. Thirty-two sheep individuals from three different geographical areas of Jordan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) were randomly sampled. DNA was extracted from the tissue samples and sequenced using the T7 promoter ...
Mondal Debasish D Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
A focused theme in systems biology is to uncover design principles of biological networks, that is, how specific network structures yield specific systems properties. For this purpose, we have previously developed a reverse engineering procedure to identify network topologies with high likelihood in generating desired systems properties. Our method searches ...
Zhou Min M 0000-0002-9855-9894 College of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, - - 2014
The present study investigates some novel categorical properties of soft sets. By combining categorical theory with soft set theory, a categorical framework of soft set theory is established. It is proved that the category SFun of soft sets and soft functions has equalizers, finite products, pullbacks, and exponential properties. It ...
Liu Yun-Feng YF Key Laboratory of E&M (Zhejiang University of Technology), Ministry of Education & Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310014, - - 2014
Three dimensional (3D) forces are the key factors for determining movement of teeth during orthodontic treatment. Designing precise forces and torques on tooth before treatment can result accurate tooth movements, but it is too difficult to realize. In orthodontic biomechanical systems, the periodontal tissues, including bones, teeth, and periodontal ligaments ...
Zhang Ziqun Z Digital Medical Research Centre, Fudan University, Shanghai, China Shanghai Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), Shanghai, - - 2014
Skull defect reconstruction is an important aspect of surgical repair. Historically, a skull defect prosthesis was created by the mirroring technique, surface fitting, or formed templates. These methods are not based on the anatomy of the individual patient's skull, and therefore, the prosthesis cannot precisely correct the defect. This study ...
Zhang Yi Y Research Center for Bio-Manufacturing, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310037, - - 2014
Larynx has a complex structure with joints and multiple functions. In order to study the artificial larynx and artificial auricle scaffold, a three-dimensional digital model of laryngeal joint is established in this paper using MIMICS with its biomechanical properties analyzed and calculated by using the finite element method. This model ...
Zhang Liang L College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, P.R. - - 2014
In this paper, a convenient and noninvasive scanning imaging method using microwave frequency band for abnormal subepidermal tissues detection is proposed in the aim to improve diagnosis and prognosis in clinical environments. This method is based on the reflective detection technology with coaxial probe that is used to measure the ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2014
Lean soft tissue (LST), a surrogate of skeletal muscle mass, is largely limited to appendicular body regions. Simple and accurate methods to estimate lower limbs LST are often used in attempts to partition out the influence of body size on performance outputs. The aim of the current study was to ...
Yue Xun X State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China; College of Information Sciences and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, - - 2014
It is difficult to derive all qualitative proteomic and metabolomic experimental data in male (pollen tube) and female (pistil) reproductive tissues during pollination because of the limited sensitivity of current technology. In this study, genome-scale enzyme correlation network models for plants (Arabidopsis/maize) were constructed by analyzing the enzymes and metabolic ...
Bordoni Bruno B Department of Cardiology, IRCCS S Maria Nascente, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy ; CRESO Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Milan, - - 2014
Every body structure is wrapped in connective tissue, or fascia, creating a structural continuity that gives form and function to every tissue and organ. Currently, there is still little information on the functions and interactions between the fascial continuum and the body system; unfortunately, in medical literature there are few ...
Kaur Jaspreet J Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Fitting parameter sets of non-linear equations in cardiac single cell ionic models to reproduce experimental behavior is a time consuming process. The standard procedure is to adjust maximum channel conductances in ionic models to reproduce action potentials (APs) recorded in isolated cells. However, vastly different sets of parameters can produce ...
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