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Bernabeu Miguel O MO CoMPLEX, University College London, Physics Building, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK Centre for Computational Science, Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon St., London WC1H 0AJ, UK - - 2014
There is currently limited understanding of the role played by haemodynamic forces on the processes governing vascular development. One of many obstacles to be overcome is being able to measure those forces, at the required resolution level, on vessels only a few micrometres thick. In this paper, we present an ...
Jayanegara Anuraga A Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, - - 2014
Saponins have been considered as promising natural substances for mitigating methane emissions from ruminants. However, studies reported that addition of saponin-rich sources often arrived at contrasting results, i.e. either it decreased methane or it did not. The aim of the present study was to assess ruminal methane emissions through a ...
DeCarolis Douglas D DD *Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota; †Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and ‡Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Twin Cities, - - 2014
Vancomycin dose selection is challenging in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population because of the difficulty in accurately estimating the renal function. Creatinine-based equations have been shown to be unreliable in this patient population. Adjusted equations designed for patients with SCI have not been well studied. Cystatin C is an ...
Tamisiea Mark E ME National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman Building, 6 Brownlow Street, Liverpool L3 5DA, UK - - 2014
The practical need to understand sea level along the coasts, such as for safe navigation given the spatially variable tides, has resulted in tide gauge observations having the distinction of being some of the longest instrumental ocean records. Archives of these records, along with geological constraints, have allowed us to ...
Rayne Sierra S a Chemologica Research , Mortlach , Saskatchewan , - - 2014
The air-water partition coefficient (Kaw) of perfluoro-2-methyl-3-pentanone (PFMP) was estimated using the G4MP2/G4 levels of theory and the SMD solvation model. A suite of 31 fluorinated compounds was employed to calibrate the theoretical method. Excellent agreement between experimental and directly calculated Kaw values was obtained for the calibration compounds. The ...
Still Dean D Aprovecho Research Center, 76132 Blue Mountain School Rd, Cottage Grove, OR, 97424, USA, - - 2014
The widespread adoption and sustained use of modern cookstoves has the potential to reduce harmful effects to climate, health, and the well-being of approximately one-third of the world's population that currently rely on biomass fuel for cooking and heating. In an effort to understand and develop cleaner burning and more ...
Seppänen Anne A Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Turku, FIN-20014 , Turku, Finland, - - 2014
Cooperation is surprisingly common in life despite of its vulnerability to selfish cheating, i.e. defecting. Defectors do not contribute to common resources but take the advantage of cooperators' investments. Therefore, the emergence and maintenance of cooperation have been considered irrational phenomena. In this study, we focus on plastic, quantitative cooperation ...
Fonseca Gabriel Paiva GP Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares-IPEN-CNEN/SP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Accounting for brachytherapy applicator attenuation is part of the recommendations from the recent report of AAPM Task Group 186. To do so, model based dose calculation algorithms require accurate modelling of the applicator geometry. This can be non-trivial in the case of irregularly shaped applicators such as the Fletcher Williamson ...
Earon Robert R Division of Land and Water Resources Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 76, 100 44, Stockholm, - - 2014
Groundwater resources are limited and difficult to predict in crystalline bedrock due to heterogeneity and anisotropy in rock fracture systems. Municipal-level governments often lack the resources for traditional hydrogeological tests when planning for sustainable use of water resources. A new methodology for assessing groundwater resources potential (GRP) based on geological ...
Brandenstein Cai V S CV Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Faculty Life Sciences, Department Nutritional Sciences, Lohbrügger Kirchstr. 65, 21033, Hamburg /, - - 2014
The impact of thickening agents and viscosity levels on sensory perception was studied in model fruit drinks. Four formulations were prepared that varied in the sweetener blend (erythritol, maltitol, and/or steviol glycosides). Locust bean gum and its blends with either xanthan or carrageenan were used to adjust viscosity levels (20, ...
Saramago Pedro - - 2014
Network meta-analysis methods extend the standard pair-wise framework to allow simultaneous comparison of multiple interventions in a single statistical model. Despite published work on network meta-analysis mainly focussing on the synthesis of aggregate data, methods have been developed that allow the use of individual patient-level data specifically when outcomes are ...
Chapman Ralph - - 2014
Policy advisers are seeking robust evidence on the effectiveness of measures, such as promoting walking and cycling, that potentially offer multiple benefits, including enhanced health through physical activity, alongside reductions in energy use, traffic congestion and carbon emissions. This paper outlines the 'ACTIVE' study, designed to test whether the Model ...
Tobon Vallejo Diana - - 2014
As telehealth applications emerge, the need for accurate and reliable biosignal quality indices has increased. One typical modality used in remote patient monitoring is the electrocardiogram (ECG), which is inherently susceptible to several different noise sources, including environmental (e.g., powerline interference), experimental (e.g., movement artifacts), and physiological (e.g., muscle and ...
Alonso-Carné J J Department of Geography and Territorial Planning, University of Zaragoza, Saragossa, - - 2014
Ticks are sensitive to changes in relative humidity and saturation deficit at the microclimate scale. Trends and changes in rainfall are commonly used as descriptors of field observations of tick populations, to capture the climate niche of ticks or to predict the climate suitability for ticks under future climate scenarios. ...
Dona Anthony C - - 2014
Proton NMR-based metabolic phenotyping of urine and blood plasma/serum samples provides important prognostic and diagnostic information and permits monitoring of disease progression in an objective manner. Much effort has been made in recent years to develop NMR instrumentation and technology to allow the acquisition of data in an effective, reproducible ...
Henshall John M JM CSIRO Food Futures National Research Flagship, CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Armidale 2350, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
While much attention has focused on the development of high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assays, the costs of developing and running low-density assays have fallen dramatically. This makes it feasible to develop and apply SNP assays for agricultural species beyond the major livestock species. Although low-cost low-density assays may not ...
Baruah Rashmi Dutta - - 2014
Identification of models from input-output data essentially requires estimation of appropriate cluster centers. In this paper, a new online evolving clustering approach for streaming data is proposed. Unlike other approaches that consider either the data density or distance from existing cluster centers, this approach uses cluster weight and distance before ...
Xiang Yang - - 2014
To specify a Bayesian network, a local distribution in the form of a conditional probability table, often of an effect conditioned on its n causes, needs to be acquired, one for each non-root node. Since the number of parameters to be assessed is generally exponential in n , improving the ...
Schatz Philip P Department of Psychology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, PA, USA - - 2014
We compared classification accuracy of post-concussion test data against baseline and normative data, accounting for baseline level of performance. Athletes (N = 250) completed baseline and post-concussion ImPACT assessments, within 7 days of concussion (verified by sports medicine professionals and self-reported symptoms). Athletes were classified as "below average," "average," or ...
Achab S S University Hospitals of Geneva, - - 2014
Problematic engagement in online video gaming has been considered recently in the appendix of the DSM-5. Underpinning psychological factors are yet to be clarified, mostly in adult populations. We present data from two studies investigating links between motives to play and impulsivity in one hand and excessive gaming in another ...
Tezcan Un Umran U Anadolu University, Department of Environmental Engineering, Eskisehir 26555, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, treatment of cheese whey wastewater was performed using a uniquely-designed continuous electrocoagulation reactor, not previously encountered in the literature. An iron horizontal rotating screw type anode was used in the continuous mode. An empirical model, in terms of effective operational factors, such as current density (40, 50, ...
Andersen Kelsey F KF Ohio State Univ., Plant Pathology , OARDC , Wooster, Ohio, United States , 44691-4096 , 330-263-3833 , 330-263-3841 ; - - 2014
Mist chamber experiments were conducted to quantify and model the effects of post-anthesis moisture on FHB index (IND) and DON. Four mist treatments, one daily and three intermittent, were applied during an 8-day window immediately after anthesis, plus an untreated check. All intermittent mist treatments received moisture on 4 of ...
Iii Luther R Palmer LR Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, - - 2014
This work pursues a feedforward control algorithm for high-speed legged locomotion over uneven terrain. Being able to rapidly negotiate uneven terrain without visual or a priori information about the terrain will allow legged systems to be used in time-critical applications and alongside fast-moving humans or vehicles. The algorithm is shown ...
Ciccolini M M Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
The population-level appropriateness of empirical antibiotic therapy can be conventionally measured by ascertainment of treatment coverage. This method involves a complex resource-intensive case-by-case assessment of the prescribed antibiotic treatment and the resistance of the causative microorganism. We aimed to develop an alternative approach based, instead, on the use of routinely ...
Root Elisabeth Dowling - - 2014
Area-level variation in treatment and outcomes may be a potential source of confounding bias in observational comparative effectiveness studies. This paper demonstrates how to use exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) and spatial statistical methods to investigate and control for these potential biases. The case presented compares the effectiveness of two ...
RoyChoudhury Arindam A Department of Biostatistics .. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present evidence of feed-forward loop relationships and positive association between physical activity and performance levels, which are components of frailty, using measures from 431 high functioning women initially aged 70-79 years followed over 7 visits. Physical activity levels were assessed using a questionnaire. Grip strength was measured using a ...
Vaughn Lisa M LM Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA - - 2014
Group-level assessment (GLA) is a qualitative and participatory large group method in which timely and valid data are collaboratively generated and interactively evaluated with relevant stakeholders leading to the development of participant-driven data and relevant action plans. This method is useful across a wide range of evaluation purposes in many ...
Haghighi Mona M Department of Industrial and Management Systems Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Background: Detecting participants who are positive for amyloid-β (Aβ) pathology is germane in designing prevention trials by enriching for those cases that are more likely to be amyloid positive. Existing brain amyloid measurement techniques, such as the Pittsburgh Compound B-positron emission tomography and cerebrospinal fluid, are not reasonable first-line approaches ...
Blanco Sofía Teresa - - 2014
This paper discusses the influence of the non-condensable impurities CO and CH4 on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology. We calculated and drew conclusions about the impact of both impurities in the CO2 on selected transport, injection, and storage parameters (pipeline pressure drop, storage capacity, etc.), whose analysis is necessary ...
Ma Yu Y School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, P. R. - - 2014
An analytical model for the ionic conductance in a pH-regulated nanochannel gated by a field effect transistor is derived for the first time. In contrast to the existing studies, the developed model takes into account the practical effects of multiple ionic species, surface chemistry reactions, the Stern layer, and electroosmotic ...
Baker Matthew A B MA Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3QZ Oxford - - 2014
Equinatoxin II (EqtII), a sea anemone cytolysin, is known to oligomerize to form pores that spontaneously insert into membranes. Crystallographic and cryo-EM studies of structurally similar cytolysins offer contradictory evidence for pore stoichiometry. Here we used single-molecule photobleaching of fluorescently labeled EqtII to determine the stoichiometry of EqtII oligomers in ...
Jones Rachael M RM 1.School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2121W Taylor Street (M/C 922), Chicago, IL 60605, USA - - 2014
The performance of a Markov chain model of the three-dimensional transport of particulates in indoor environments is evaluated against experimentally measured supermicrometer particle deposition. Previously, the model was found to replicate the predictions of relatively simple particle transport and fate models; and this work represents the next step in model ...
Hawkridge Adam M AM Department of Pharmaceutics & Department of Pharmacotherapy & Outcomes Science Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
The chicken is a unique experimental model for studying the spontaneous onset and progression of ovarian cancer (OVC). The prevalence of OVC in chickens can range from 10-35% depending on age, genetic strain, reproductive history, and diet. Furthermore, the chicken presents epidemiological, morphological, and molecular traits that are similar to ...
Brock T C M TC Alterra, Team Environmental Risk Assessment, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In the European registration procedure for pesticides, microcosm and mesocosm studies are the highest aquatic experimental tier to assess their environmental effects. Evaluations of microcosm/mesocosm studies rely heavily on no observed effect concentrations (NOECs) calculated for different population-level endpoints. Ideally, a power analysis should be reported for the concentration-response relationships ...
Heo Moonseong M Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY, USA - - 2014
We derived sample size formulae for detecting main effects in group-based randomized clinical trials with different levels of data hierarchy between experimental and control arms. Such designs are necessary when experimental interventions need to be administered to groups of subjects whereas control conditions need to be administered to individual subjects. ...
Heine S S Institute for Environmental Research, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effects of chemicals are, in most cases, caused by internal concentrations within organisms which rely on uptake and elimination kinetics. These processes might be key components for assessing the effects of time-variable exposure of chemicals which regularly occur in aquatic systems. However, the knowledge of toxicokinetic patterns caused by time-variable ...
Zhang Sen - - 2014
We consider a new tree mining problem that aims to discover restrictedly embedded subtree patterns from a set of rooted labeled unordered trees. We study the properties of a canonical form of unordered trees, and develop new Apriori-based techniques to generate all candidate subtrees level by level through two efficient ...
Hancock William O WO Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, - - 2014
Vesicles, organelles and other intracellular cargo are transported by kinesin and dynein motors, which move in opposite directions along microtubules. This bidirectional cargo movement is frequently described as a 'tug of war' between oppositely directed molecular motors attached to the same cargo. However, although many experimental and modelling studies support ...
Crockatt Martha E ME Earthwatch Institute, 256 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 7DE, UK; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, - - 2014
Forests around the world are increasingly fragmented, and edge effects on forest microclimates have the potential to affect ecosystem functions such as carbon and nutrient cycling. Edges tend to be drier and warmer due to the effects of insolation, wind, and evapotranspiration and these gradients can penetrate hundreds of metres ...
Carvajal Manuel J MJ Department of Sociobehavioral and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33328, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
From a methodological perspective, the central tendency and the spread of an earnings distribution are independent outcomes. Theoretically, they may be related to each other. Explore the direction and magnitude of the effect of changes in the mean of pharmacists' wage-and-salary earnings on earnings inequality. Specifically, the probe focused on ...
Wang Hong-Cai HC Department of Neurosurgery, Li Hui Li Hospital of Medical Centre of Ningbo , Ningbo , PR China - - 2014
Abstract Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) contributes to a substantial number of deaths and cases of disability. Despite well-established experimental models and years of carefully conducted research, a clinical therapeutic breakthrough in TBI has lagged. This may be due, in part, to the discrepancies between commonly used experimental models and ...
Kok S S Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, South - - 2014
Goldmann Applanation Tonometry (GAT) is a method used to estimate the IntraOcular Pressure (IOP) by measuring the indentation resistance of the cornea. A popular approach to investigate the sensitivity of GAT results to material and geometry variations is to perform numerical modeling using the Finite Element (FE) method, for which ...
Klett Hagen H Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA; Institute of Physics, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Heat stroke (HS) is a life-threatening illness caused by prolonged exposure to heat that causes severe hyperthermia and nervous system abnormalities. The long term consequences of HS are poorly understood and deeper insight is required to find possible treatment strategies. Elevated pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines during HS recovery suggest to ...
Robertson Sam S Centre for Exercise and Sports Science, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a physiological performance and anthropometric attribute model to predict Australian Football League draft selection. Cross-sectional observational. Data was obtained (n=4902) from three Under-18 Australian football competitions between 2010 and 2013. Players were allocated into one of the three groups, based on their highest level of selection in their ...
Kamran M Ahmad MA Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University; 2 Busandaehak-ro, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents a methodology for online estimation of brain activities with reduction in the effects of physiological noises in functional near-infrared spectroscopy signals. The input-output characteristics of a hemodynamic response are modeled as an autoregressive moving average model together with exogenous physical signals (i.e., ARMAX). In contrast to the ...
Jackson Bret B Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, - - 2014
The dissociative chemisorption of methane on metal surfaces is of great practical and fundamental importance. Not only is it the rate-limiting step in the steam reforming of natural gas, the reaction exhibits interesting mode-selective behavior and a strong dependence on the temperature of the metal. We present a quantum model ...
Pham Trung T - - 2014
Recent works on multi-model fitting are often formulated as an energy minimization task, where the energy function includes fitting error and regularization terms, such as low-level spatial smoothness and model complexity. In this paper, we introduce a novel energy with high-level geometric priors that consider interactions between geometric models, such ...
Ortega Maria M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, Los Angeles, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA, 90032, - - 2014
We describe the use of a computational neural network platform to optimize the fluorescence upon binding 5-carboxyfluorescein-D-Ala-D-Ala (5-FAM-(DA)3 ) (1) to the antibiotic teicoplanin covalently attached to a glass slide. A three-level response surface experimental design was used as the first stage of investigation. Subsequently, three defined experimental parameters were ...
Lambert Guillaume G 0000-0003-4779-287X Institute of Genomics and Systems Biology , University of Chicago , Chicago, IL 60637 , - - 2014
One of the predictions of game theory is that cooperative behaviours are vulnerable to exploitation by selfish individuals, but this result seemingly contradicts the survival of cooperation observed in nature. In this review, we will introduce game theoretical concepts that lead to this conclusion and show how the spatial competition ...
Silva J P JP Chemical Engineering Department (DEQ), Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Av. Prof. Arthur de Sá, Recife, PE, CEP 50740-520, Brazil, - - 2014
In recent decades, the production of compounds from microorganisms has increased significantly. Glycerol as a source of substrate appears to have great potential, due to its large supply because of the increase in biodiesel production. This paper will discuss the multiplicity of steady states for the production of 1,3-propanediol from ...
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