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Hutchinson Ian B IB Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK - - 2014
The first Raman spectrometers to be used for in situ analysis of planetary material will be launched as part of powerful, rover-based analytical laboratories within the next 6 years. There are a number of significant challenges associated with building spectrometers for space applications, including limited volume, power and mass budgets, ...
Shayeghi A A Eduard-Zintl-Institut, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Straße 8, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany. - - 2014
The Birmingham cluster genetic algorithm is a package that performs global optimisations for homo- and bimetallic clusters based on either first principles methods or empirical potentials. Here, we present a new parallel implementation of the code which employs a pool strategy in order to eliminate sequential steps and significantly improve ...
St-Charles Pierre-Luc - - 2014
Foreground/background segmentation via change detection in video sequences is often used as a stepping stone in high-level analytics and applications. Despite the wide variety of methods that have been proposed for this problem, none has been able to fully address the complex nature of dynamic scenes in real surveillance tasks. ...
Hsu C Y CY Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei City Hospital, Zhongxing Branch; Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, National Taiwan - - 2014
Data used for modelling the household transmission of infectious diseases, such as influenza, have inherent multilevel structures and correlated property, which make the widely used conventional infectious disease transmission models (including the Greenwood model and the Reed-Frost model) not directly applicable within the context of a household (due to the ...
Sabatier R R 1INRA,UMR 1048 SAD APT,F-75005 - - 2014
In European grassland landscapes, grazing and mowing play a key role for the maintenance of high-quality habitats that host important bird populations. As grasslands are also key resources for cattle feeding, there is a need to develop management strategies that achieve the double objective of production and biodiversity conservation. The ...
St John Peter C PC Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, - - 2014
Bioluminescence rhythms from cellular reporters have become the most common method used to quantify oscillations in circadian gene expression. These experimental systems can reveal phase and amplitude change resulting from circadian disturbances, and can be used in conjunction with mathematical models to lend further insight into the mechanistic basis of ...
Svob Sienna S Department of Geography, McGill University, Burnside Hall Building, H3A 0B9 Montreal, QC - - 2014
The high spatio-temporal variability of aboveground biomass (AGB) in tropical forests is a large source of uncertainty in forest carbon stock estimation. Due to their spatial distribution and sampling intensity, pre-felling inventories are a potential source of ground level data that could help reduce this uncertainty at larger spatial scales. ...
Ryan Greg A GA a The University of Montana Western , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Previous research has studied the impact of Level II concealed soft body armor (SBA) on the augmentation of heat storage in a hot environment simulating a typical summer day in the Southeastern United States (wet bulb globe temperature [WBGT] = 30 °C) and noted a significant difference between macro- and ...
Iobagiu Cristina C Laboratoire de biologie, Centre hospitalier de Roanne, - - 2014
Usually, the blood cell counting activity in haematology laboratory uses the comparison of IQC values to the target values proposed by the manufacturer. We intended to improve the monitoring of the proper functioning of our analytical measure system for 17 main haematologic parameters. To set the allowable critical limits of ...
Romano Carlo C Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006, Zurich, - - 2014
The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to ...
Resnik Linda L Providence VA Medical Center , Providence, RI , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: This case study compares the impact of two prosthetic socket designs, a "traditional" transhumeral (TH) socket design and a Compression Released Stabilized (CRS) socket. Methods: A CRS socket was compared to the existing socket of two persons with transhumeral amputation. Comparisons included assessments of patient comfort and satisfaction ...
Protopapas Athanassios A University of Athens, Greece - - 2014
The concept of Matthew effects in reading development refers to a longitudinally widening gap between high achievers and low achievers. Various statistical approaches have been proposed to examine this idea. However, little attention has been paid to psychometric issues of scaling. Specifically, interval-level data are required to compare performance differences ...
Fogarty Joseph C JC Department of Physics, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, - - 2014
We present a new atom density profile (ADP) model and a statistical approach for extracting structural characteristics of lipid bilayers from X-ray and neutron scattering data. Models for five lipids with varying head and tail chemical composition in the fluid phase, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylserine (POPS), and ...
Baggio Giosuè G Brain and Language Laboratory, Neuroscience Area, SISSA International School for Advanced Studies; Language Acquisition and Language Processing Lab, Department of Language and Literature, Norwegian University of Science and - - 2014
We sketch four applications of Marr's levels-of-analysis methodology to the relations between logic and experimental data in the cognitive neuroscience of language and reasoning. The first part of the paper illustrates the explanatory power of computational level theories based on logic. We show that a Bayesian treatment of the suppression ...
Hahn Andrea A 1Division of Infectious Disease, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA 2Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA 3Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA 4Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Vancomycin is often required to treat serious infections in children, including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. The pharmacodynamic index that best predicts efficacy with vancomycin use for MRSA infection in adults is the 24 hour area under the curve over the minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC/MIC). While multiple pediatric population ...
Prieto Gajardo Carlos C Acoustic Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Polytechnic School, University of Extremadura, Avda. de la Univ. s/n, 10003, Caceres, - - 2015
In this paper, the stabilisation times for all 24 h of the day are analysed for 12 measurement stations located in the Spanish town of Malaga and throughout 5 years (2007-2011) of sampling environmental noise levels. For the results to be generalised to sound level measurements made in other streets or cities ...
van der Beek Feddo B FB Department of Otolaryngology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Objectives: This study analyzed the predictability of fitting levels for cochlear implant recipients based on a review of the clinical levels of the recipients. Design: Data containing threshold levels (T-levels) and maximum comfort levels (M-levels) for 151 adult subjects using a CII/HiRes 90K cochlear implant with a HiFocus 1/1 J ...
Phillips B L BL Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia; School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld, - - 2014
The two foremost hypotheses on the evolutionary constraints on an organism's thermal sensitivity - the hotter-is-better expectation, and the specialist-generalist trade-off - have received mixed support from empirical studies testing for their existence. Could these conflicting results reflect confusion regarding the organizational level (i.e. species > population > individual) at which these constraints should ...
Veselinović Jovana B JB Faculty of Medicine, Department of Chemistry, University of Niš, Niš, - - 2014
The binding of penicillins to human serum proteins was modeled with optimal descriptors based on the Simplified Molecular Input-Line Entry System (SMILES). The concentrations of protein-bound drug for 87 penicillins expressed as percentage of the total plasma concentration were used as experimental data. The Monte Carlo method was used as ...
Li Peiyang P Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of the Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, - - 2014
The autoregressive (AR) model is widely used in electroencephalogram (EEG) analyses such as waveform fitting, spectrum estimation, and system identification. In real applications, EEGs are inevitably contaminated with unexpected outlier artifacts, and this must be overcome. However, most of the current AR models are based on the L2 norm structure, ...
García Villar C C Unidad Clínica de Diagnóstico por Imagen, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The critical evaluation of an article enables professionals to make good use of the new information and therefore has direct repercussions for the benefit of our patients. Before undertaking a detailed critical reading of the chosen article, we need to consider whether the study used the most appropriate design for ...
Reed Robert M RM Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA, - - 2014
Pleural fluid is typically drawn directly from the pleural space for diagnostic studies, but occasionally analyses are desired when a chest tube is already in place and a traditional approach is not feasible. The diagnostic value of analyzing fluid samples obtained from the pleural fluid collection system after chest tube ...
Balasubramani Sree Ganesh SG School of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram (IISER-TVM), Kerala 695016, - - 2014
The energetics for the interaction of the noble gas atoms with the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are investigated using an analytical model and density functional theory calculations. Encapsulation of the noble gas atoms, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe into CNTs of various chiralities is studied in detail using an analytical ...
He Liang L Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has led to the study of rare genetic variants, which possibly explain the missing heritability for complex diseases. Most existing methods for rare variant (RV) association detection do not account for the common presence of sequencing errors in NGS data. The errors can largely affect the power ...
Mayo Tom T IANC, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, 10 Crichton Street, Edinburgh EH8 9AB, - - 2014
DNA methylation is an intensely studied epigenetic mark implicated in many biological processes of direct clinical relevance. While sequencing based technologies are increasingly allowing high resolution measurements of DNA methylation, statistical modelling of such data is still challenging. In particular, statistical identification of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) across different conditions ...
Loitfelder Marisa M Medical University of Graz, Department of Neurology , Auenbruggerplatz 22 , Graz, Styria, Austria , 8036 ; - - 2014
Continuous resting state (RS) fMRI has become particularly useful to identify changes in functional connectivity (FC) in CNS disorders. Fair et al. proposed a method of volume extraction to emulate RS fMRI from block-design experiments. Whether the validity of this approach holds true in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients has not ...
Mytilinaios I I Applied Microbiology, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, MK43 0AL, - - 2014
To explore the predictions of a novel rearrangement of the Baranyi-Roberts model (BRM) with time to detection data obtained from optical density data of microbial growth. Growth of E. coli and S. Typhimurium under mild conditions of temperature (25 to 37°C), salt (0.086, 0.51 and 1.03 mol l(-1) ) and ...
Knage-Rasmussen K M KM 1Department of Animal Science,Aarhus University,Blichers Allé 20,PO Box 50 - - 2014
This paper aims to contribute to the development of a cost-effective alternative to expensive on-farm animal-based welfare assessment systems. The objective of the study was to design an animal welfare index based on central database information (DBWI), and to validate it against an animal welfare index based on-farm animal-based measurements ...
Sadek A M AM Ionizing Radiation Metrology Department, National Institute for Standards, El-Haram, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
The new developed thermoluminescence (TL) glow-peak expressions derived from the one trap-one recombination (OTOR) level model were used to analyze the TL glow-curves recorded with linear and exponential heating function profiles under various experimental conditions. The results showed that these expressions can, accurately, analyze the TL glow-curves even with the ...
Ząbczyk Michał M aInstitute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College and John Paul II Hospital bDepartment of Automatics and Biomedical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, - - 2014
The fibrin clot permeability coefficient (Ks) is a useful measure of porosity of the fibrin network, which is determined by a number of genetic and environmental factors. Currently available methods to evaluate Ks are time-consuming, require constant supervision and provide only one parameter. We present an automated method in which ...
Lees J P JP Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Université de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, F-74941 Annecy-Le-Vieux, - - 2014
Dark sectors charged under a new Abelian interaction have recently received much attention in the context of dark matter models. These models introduce a light new mediator, the so-called dark photon (A^{'}), connecting the dark sector to the standard model. We present a search for a dark photon in the ...
Feigenbaum Alexandre A ReSafe Network, Technopole Alimentec, Bourg-en-Bresse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data on pesticide active substances were used to assess the reliability of the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) approach. Pesticides were chosen as a robust test because of their potential for toxicity. 328 pesticide substances were classified on the basis of their chemical structure, according to the generic scheme proposed ...
Dworkin Emily R ER University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA - - 2014
Secondary traumatic stress (STS) is an issue of significant concern among providers who work with survivors of sexual assault. Although STS has been studied in relation to individual-level characteristics of a variety of types of trauma responders, less research has focused specifically on rape crisis centers as environments that might ...
Zhao Xi X Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Zhuhai College of Jilin University, Zhuhai, - - 2014
To optimize the preparation factors for argan oil microcapsule using complex coacervation of chitosan cross-linked with gelatin based on hybrid-level orthogonal array design via SPSS modeling. Eight relatively significant factors were firstly investigated and selected as calculative factors for the orthogonal array design from the total of ten factors effecting ...
Ruths Justin J Engineering Systems and Design, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore. - - 2014
Campbell, Shea, and Albert propose an adaptation of the Barabási-Albert model of network formation that permits a level of tuning of the control profiles of these networks. We point out some limitations and generalizations of this method as well as highlight opportunities for future work to refine formation mechanisms to ...
Alzghoul Ahmad - - 2014
Glass transition temperature (Tg) is an important inherent property of an amorphous solid material which is usually determined experimentally. In this study, the relation between Tg and melting temperature (Tm) was evaluated using a dataset of 71 structurally diverse drug-like compounds. Further, in silico models for prediction of Tg were ...
Khanmohammadi Mohammdreza M Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new diagnostic approach based on Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectrometry and classification algorithm has been introduced which provides a rapid, reliable, and easy way to perform blood test for the diagnosis of renal failure. Blood serum samples from 35 renal failure patients and 40 healthy persons were ...
Taylor Ryan R Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT - - 2014
Modern lipidomics is largely dependent upon structural ontologies because of the great diversity exhibited in the lipidome, but no automated lipid classification exists to facilitate this partitioning. The size of the putative lipidome far exceeds the number currently classified, despite a decade of work. Automated classification would benefit ongoing classification ...
Klimov Denis D Department of Information Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
To analyze the longitudinal data of multiple patients and to discover new temporal knowledge, we designed and developed the Visual Temporal Analysis Laboratory (ViTA-Lab). In this study, we demonstrate several of the capabilities of the ViTA-Lab framework through the exploration of renal-damage risk factors in patients with diabetes type II. ...
Brunyé Tad T - - 2014
Human observers are often relied upon for monitoring suspicious crowd behavior in both civilian and military contexts. However, little research has examined what individual- and crowd-level variables independently and interactively modulate threat perception among human observers. Five experiments gathered threat estimates while participants viewed static or dynamic crowd simulations. Experiments ...
Jackson Jennie A JA Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, University of Gävle, SE-80176 Gävle, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2015
Previous research suggests inclinometers (INC) underestimate upper arm elevation. This study was designed to quantify possible bias in occupationally relevant postures, and test whether INC performance could be improved using calibration. Participants were meticulously positioned in set arm flexion and abduction angles between 0° and 150°. Different subject-specific and group-level ...
Menor Mark - - 2014
MiRNAs play important roles in many diseases including cancers. However computational prediction of miRNA target genes is challenging and the accuracies of existing methods remain poor. We report mirMark, a new machine learning-based method of miRNA target prediction at the site- and UTR-levels. This method uses experimentally verified miRNA targets ...
Lukas J M JM Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul - - 2014
Three transition monitors were developed in this study that serve on 2 levels: the individual cow level and the herd level. On the first level they screen all cows for potential onset of postparturient health disorders and could be used to trigger implementation of more specific diagnostic initiatives. On the ...
Hemming Karla K Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, - - 2014
Stepped-wedge cluster randomised trials (SW-CRTs) are being used with increasing frequency in health service evaluation. Conventionally, these studies are cross-sectional in design with equally spaced steps, with an equal number of clusters randomised at each step and data collected at each and every step. Here we introduce several variations on ...
O' Donoghue Deirdre D Central Remedial Clinic, Clondalkin, Dublin, - - 2014
The activPAL™ activity monitor has potential for use in youth with Cerebral Palsy (CP) as it has demonstrated acceptable validity for the assessment of sedentary and physical activity in other populations. This study determined the validity of the activPAL™ activity monitor for the measurement of sitting, standing, walking time, transitions ...
Lundström Belleza Elin E Stockholm University, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Svante Arrhenius väg 8, S-106 91 Stockholm, - - 2014
Environmental risk assessment (ERA) is generally based on individual-level endpoints, even though protection goals in ERA intend higher biological levels. Population models have the potential to translate individual-level endpoints to population-level responses and range from simple demographic equations to highly complex individual based models (IBMs). The aims of the current ...
Simons Mirre J P MJ Behavioural Biology, Centre for Life Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 11103, 9700CC, Groningen, The - - 2014
Abstract Sexual selection has resulted in a wide array of ornaments used in mate choice, and such indicator traits signal quality honestly when they bear costs, precluding cheating. Carotenoid-dependent coloration has attracted considerable attention in this context, because investing carotenoids in coloration has to be traded off against its physiological ...
Ruggieri Andrea A Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, and Neural Science, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, NOCSAE Hospital, ASL Modena, - - 2014
During resting-state EEG-fMRI studies in epilepsy, patients' spontaneous head-face movements occur frequently. We tested the usefulness of synchronous video recording to identify and model the fMRI changes associated with non-epileptic movements to improve sensitivity and specificity of fMRI maps related to interictal epileptiform discharges (IED). Categorization of different facial/cranial movements ...
Meeusen Jeffrey W JW Division of Clinical Core Laboratory Services, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Aggressive LDL cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering strategies are recommended for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. A newly derived equation for LDL-C estimation was recently published that addressed limitations in the commonly used Friedewald LDL-C calculation method. The novel method was reported to classify patients with superior concordance to measured LDL-C ...
Wang Xiao-Gang XG Chemistry Department, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, - - 2014
We obtain an accurate methane potential energy surface (PES) by starting with the ab initio PES of Schwenke and Partridge [Spectrochim. Acta A 57, 887 (2001)] and adjusting 5 of their parameters to reproduce 40 reliable experimentally determined vibrational levels of CH4. The 40 levels include all 35 levels in ...
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