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Svob Sienna S Department of Geography, McGill University, Burnside Hall Building, H3A 0B9 Montreal, QC - - 2014
The high spatio-temporal variability of aboveground biomass (AGB) in tropical forests is a large source of uncertainty in forest carbon stock estimation. Due to their spatial distribution and sampling intensity, pre-felling inventories are a potential source of ground level data that could help reduce this uncertainty at larger spatial scales. ...
Li Meng - - 2014
BackgroundThe inheritance of most human diseases and agriculturally important traits is controlled by many genes with small effects. Identifying these genes, while simultaneously controlling false positives, is challenging. Among available statistical methods, the mixed linear model (MLM) has been the most flexible and powerful for controlling population structure and individual ...
Chu Yi Y Department of Periodontology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
Background Partial-mouth periodontal examination (PMPE) has been widely used in periodontal epidemiological studies. In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of extent and severity estimates from PMPE protocols in a Chinese population. Methods We enrolled 200 individuals with periodontitis, aged 22 to 64 years. Full-mouth examination was performed to determine ...
Salgado Jorge David JD The Ohio State University, Plant Pathology, Wooster, Ohio, United States ; - - 2014
Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by the fungus Fusarium graminearum, is known to negatively affect wheat grain yield (YLD) and test weight (TW). However, very little emphasis has been placed on formally quantifying FHB/YLD and FHB/TW relationships. Field plots of three soft red winter wheat cultivars, Cooper (susceptible to FHB), ...
Sudharsan Bharath B WellDoc, Inc, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Minimizing the occurrence of hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes is a challenging task since these patients typically check only 1 to 2 self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) readings per day. We trained a probabilistic model using machine learning algorithms and SMBG values from real patients. Hypoglycemia was defined as ...
Darwiche Joëlle J Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
This paper examines the application of the guidelines for evidence-based treatments in family therapy developed by Sexton and collaborators to a set of treatment models. These guidelines classify the models using criteria that take into account the distinctive features of couple and family treatments. A two-step approach was taken: (1) ...
Schulte Stefanie S Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake - - 2014
Objective : Elevated levels of the astroglial protein S100B have been shown to predict sport-related concussion. However, S100B levels within an athlete can vary depending on the type of physical activity (PA) engaged in and the methodologic approach used to measure it. Thus, appropriate reference values in the diagnosis of ...
Atassi Nazem N From the Neurological Clinical Research Institute (NCRI), Department of Neurology (N.A., J.B., A. Sherman, E.S., J.W., I.K., M.C.), and the Biostatistics Center (A. Shui, D.S.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; and Prize4Life (N.Z., M.L.), Cambridge, MA. - - 2014
To pool data from completed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) clinical trials and create an open-access resource that enables greater understanding of the phenotype and biology of ALS. Clinical trials data were pooled from 16 completed phase II/III ALS clinical trials and one observational study. Over 8 million de-identified longitudinally collected ...
Bernabeu Miguel O MO CoMPLEX, University College London, Physics Building, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK Centre for Computational Science, Department of Chemistry, University College London, 20 Gordon St., London WC1H 0AJ, UK - - 2014
There is currently limited understanding of the role played by haemodynamic forces on the processes governing vascular development. One of many obstacles to be overcome is being able to measure those forces, at the required resolution level, on vessels only a few micrometres thick. In this paper, we present an ...
Miller S L SL Āwhina VUCEL Incubator, Victoria University of Wellington Coastal Ecology Laboratory (VUCEL), Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand; Āwhina Research Team, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Terrestrial sediments are a significant stressor on coastal ecosystems, with both suspended and deposited sediment having adverse effects on aquatic organisms. However, information on the effect of suspended sediments on fertilization success for urchin species is lacking. Using sediment levels similar to those encountered in situ, a controlled experiment was ...
Donat K K Animal Health Service, Thuringian Animal Diseases - - 2014
SUMMARY Environmental samples are a cost-saving and easy-to-use approach to diagnose paratuberculosis at the herd level. Detailed knowledge concerning its uncertainties in herds with a low prevalence of Mycobacterium avium spp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is required to design sampling strategies in control programmes. This study aimed to calculate a threshold level ...
Rousmaniere Tony G TG a Student Health and Counseling , University of Alaska Fairbanks , Fairbanks , AK , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Although supervision has long been considered as a means for helping trainees develop competencies in their clinical work, little empirical research has been conducted examining the influence of supervision on client treatment outcomes. Specifically, one might ask whether differences in supervisors can predict/explain whether clients will make a ...
DeCarolis Douglas D DD *Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota; †Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and ‡Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, Twin Cities, - - 2014
Vancomycin dose selection is challenging in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population because of the difficulty in accurately estimating the renal function. Creatinine-based equations have been shown to be unreliable in this patient population. Adjusted equations designed for patients with SCI have not been well studied. Cystatin C is an ...
Jayanegara Anuraga A Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, - - 2014
Saponins have been considered as promising natural substances for mitigating methane emissions from ruminants. However, studies reported that addition of saponin-rich sources often arrived at contrasting results, i.e. either it decreased methane or it did not. The aim of the present study was to assess ruminal methane emissions through a ...
Pei Xiaobing - - 2014
In this paper, a novel label propagation (LP) method is presented, called the manifold adaptive label propagation (MALP) method, which is to extend original LP by integrating sparse representation constraint into regularization framework of LP method. Similar to most LP, first of all, MALP also finds graph edges from given ...
Fan Jianglin J Department of Molecular Pathology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Shimokato 1110, Chuo-City 409-3898, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Laboratory animal models play an important role in the study of human diseases. Using appropriate animals is critical not only for basic research but also for the development of therapeutics and diagnostic tools. Rabbits are widely used for the study of human atherosclerosis. Because rabbits have a unique feature of ...
Tamisiea Mark E ME National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman Building, 6 Brownlow Street, Liverpool L3 5DA, UK - - 2014
The practical need to understand sea level along the coasts, such as for safe navigation given the spatially variable tides, has resulted in tide gauge observations having the distinction of being some of the longest instrumental ocean records. Archives of these records, along with geological constraints, have allowed us to ...
Wu Xia X School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246011, People's Republic of - - 2014
Global optimization of binary clusters has been a difficult task despite of much effort and many efficient methods. Directing toward two types of elements (i.e., homotop problem) in binary clusters, two classes of virtual dynamic lattices are constructed and a modified dynamic lattice searching (DLS) method, i.e., binary DLS (BDLS) ...
Pelat Camille - - 2014
In the management of emerging infectious disease epidemics, precise and accurate estimation of severity indices, such as the probability of death after developing symptoms-the symptomatic case fatality ratio (sCFR)-is essential. Estimation of the sCFR may require merging data gathered through different surveillance systems and surveys. Since different surveillance strategies provide ...
Kesisoglou Filippos F Biopharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Clinical Supply, Merck and Company, Inc., West Point, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Development of in vitro-in vivo correlations (IVIVCs) for extended-release (ER) products is commonly pursued during pharmaceutical development to increase product understanding, set release specifications, and support biowaivers. This manuscript details the development of Level C and Level A IVIVCs for ER formulations of niacin, a highly variable and extensively metabolized ...
Otero-Muras Irene - - 2014
BackgroundOne of the challenges in Synthetic Biology is to design circuits with increasing levels of complexity. While circuits in Biology are complex and subject to natural tradeoffs, most synthetic circuits are simple in terms of the number of regulatory regions, and have been designed to meet a single design criterion.ResultsIn ...
Smoot E E Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, - - 2014
Ecological studies that make use of data on groups of individuals, rather than on the individuals themselves, are subject to numerous biases that cannot be resolved without some individual-level data. In the context of a rare outcome, the hybrid design for ecological inference efficiently combines group-level data with individual-level case-control ...
Sze N N NN Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
In past several decades, many countries have set quantified road safety targets to motivate transport authorities to develop systematic road safety strategies and measures and facilitate the achievement of continuous road safety improvement. Studies have been conducted to evaluate the association between the setting of quantified road safety targets and ...
Bouafassa Amar A Automatic Laboratory of Setif, University of Setif 1, - - 2014
This paper proposes analysis and control of a single-phase power factor corrector (PFC). The proposed control is capable of achieving a unity power factor for each DC link voltage or load fluctuation. The method under study is composed of two intelligent approaches, a fuzzy logic controller to ensure an output ...
Rayne Sierra S a Chemologica Research , Mortlach , Saskatchewan , - - 2014
The air-water partition coefficient (Kaw) of perfluoro-2-methyl-3-pentanone (PFMP) was estimated using the G4MP2/G4 levels of theory and the SMD solvation model. A suite of 31 fluorinated compounds was employed to calibrate the theoretical method. Excellent agreement between experimental and directly calculated Kaw values was obtained for the calibration compounds. The ...
Black Bryan A BA University of Texas Marine Science Institute, 750 Channel View Drive, Port Aransas, TX 78373, USA. - - 2014
Reported trends in the mean and variability of coastal upwelling in eastern boundary currents have raised concerns about the future of these highly productive and biodiverse marine ecosystems. However, the instrumental records on which these estimates are based are insufficiently long to determine whether such trends exceed preindustrial limits. In ...
Tannast Moritz M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010, Bern, Switzerland, - - 2014
Acetabular anatomy on AP pelvic radiographs depends on pelvic orientation during radiograph acquisition. However, not all parameters may change to a clinically relevant degree with differences in pelvic orientation. This issue may influence the diagnosis of acetabular pathologies and planning of corrective acetabular surgery (reorientation or rim trimming). However, to ...
Howard Lauren Eileen LE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, - - 2014
Ambrosia pollen is an important aeroallergen in North America; the ability to predict daily pollen levels may provide an important benefit for sensitive individuals. To analyze the long-term Ambrosia pollen counts and develop a forecasting model to predict the next day's pollen concentration. Airborne pollen has been collected since December ...
Wilson Carol A CA Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240; email: - - 2014
We present a review of the processes, morphology, and stratigraphy of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta (GBMD), including insights gained from detailed elevation data. The review shows that the GBMD is best characterized as a composite system, with different regions having morphologic and stratigraphic attributes of an upland fluvial fan delta; a ...
Quodbach Julian J Institute of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Heinrich-Heine-University, Universitaetsstasse 1, Duesseldorf 40225, - - 2014
An efficient disintegrant is capable of breaking up a tablet in the smallest possible particles in the shortest time. Until now, comparative data on the efficacy of different disintegrants is based on dissolution studies or the disintegration time. Extending these approaches, this study introduces a method, which defines the evolution ...
Still Dean D Aprovecho Research Center, 76132 Blue Mountain School Rd, Cottage Grove, OR, 97424, USA, - - 2014
The widespread adoption and sustained use of modern cookstoves has the potential to reduce harmful effects to climate, health, and the well-being of approximately one-third of the world's population that currently rely on biomass fuel for cooking and heating. In an effort to understand and develop cleaner burning and more ...
Seppänen Anne A Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Turku, FIN-20014 , Turku, Finland, - - 2014
Cooperation is surprisingly common in life despite of its vulnerability to selfish cheating, i.e. defecting. Defectors do not contribute to common resources but take the advantage of cooperators' investments. Therefore, the emergence and maintenance of cooperation have been considered irrational phenomena. In this study, we focus on plastic, quantitative cooperation ...
Fonseca Gabriel Paiva GP Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares-IPEN-CNEN/SP, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Accounting for brachytherapy applicator attenuation is part of the recommendations from the recent report of AAPM Task Group 186. To do so, model based dose calculation algorithms require accurate modelling of the applicator geometry. This can be non-trivial in the case of irregularly shaped applicators such as the Fletcher Williamson ...
Earon Robert R Division of Land and Water Resources Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 76, 100 44, Stockholm, - - 2014
Groundwater resources are limited and difficult to predict in crystalline bedrock due to heterogeneity and anisotropy in rock fracture systems. Municipal-level governments often lack the resources for traditional hydrogeological tests when planning for sustainable use of water resources. A new methodology for assessing groundwater resources potential (GRP) based on geological ...
Brandenstein Cai V S CV Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Faculty Life Sciences, Department Nutritional Sciences, Lohbrügger Kirchstr. 65, 21033, Hamburg /, - - 2014
The impact of thickening agents and viscosity levels on sensory perception was studied in model fruit drinks. Four formulations were prepared that varied in the sweetener blend (erythritol, maltitol, and/or steviol glycosides). Locust bean gum and its blends with either xanthan or carrageenan were used to adjust viscosity levels (20, ...
Saramago Pedro - - 2014
Network meta-analysis methods extend the standard pair-wise framework to allow simultaneous comparison of multiple interventions in a single statistical model. Despite published work on network meta-analysis mainly focussing on the synthesis of aggregate data, methods have been developed that allow the use of individual patient-level data specifically when outcomes are ...
Chapman Ralph - - 2014
Policy advisers are seeking robust evidence on the effectiveness of measures, such as promoting walking and cycling, that potentially offer multiple benefits, including enhanced health through physical activity, alongside reductions in energy use, traffic congestion and carbon emissions. This paper outlines the 'ACTIVE' study, designed to test whether the Model ...
Tobon Vallejo Diana - - 2014
As telehealth applications emerge, the need for accurate and reliable biosignal quality indices has increased. One typical modality used in remote patient monitoring is the electrocardiogram (ECG), which is inherently susceptible to several different noise sources, including environmental (e.g., powerline interference), experimental (e.g., movement artifacts), and physiological (e.g., muscle and ...
Alonso-Carné J J Department of Geography and Territorial Planning, University of Zaragoza, Saragossa, - - 2014
Ticks are sensitive to changes in relative humidity and saturation deficit at the microclimate scale. Trends and changes in rainfall are commonly used as descriptors of field observations of tick populations, to capture the climate niche of ticks or to predict the climate suitability for ticks under future climate scenarios. ...
Dona Anthony C - - 2014
Proton NMR-based metabolic phenotyping of urine and blood plasma/serum samples provides important prognostic and diagnostic information and permits monitoring of disease progression in an objective manner. Much effort has been made in recent years to develop NMR instrumentation and technology to allow the acquisition of data in an effective, reproducible ...
Henshall John M JM CSIRO Food Futures National Research Flagship, CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Armidale 2350, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
While much attention has focused on the development of high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assays, the costs of developing and running low-density assays have fallen dramatically. This makes it feasible to develop and apply SNP assays for agricultural species beyond the major livestock species. Although low-cost low-density assays may not ...
Baruah Rashmi Dutta - - 2014
Identification of models from input-output data essentially requires estimation of appropriate cluster centers. In this paper, a new online evolving clustering approach for streaming data is proposed. Unlike other approaches that consider either the data density or distance from existing cluster centers, this approach uses cluster weight and distance before ...
Xiang Yang - - 2014
To specify a Bayesian network, a local distribution in the form of a conditional probability table, often of an effect conditioned on its n causes, needs to be acquired, one for each non-root node. Since the number of parameters to be assessed is generally exponential in n , improving the ...
Schatz Philip P Department of Psychology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, PA, USA - - 2014
We compared classification accuracy of post-concussion test data against baseline and normative data, accounting for baseline level of performance. Athletes (N = 250) completed baseline and post-concussion ImPACT assessments, within 7 days of concussion (verified by sports medicine professionals and self-reported symptoms). Athletes were classified as "below average," "average," or ...
Veiga Santiago S a Madrid Swimming Federation , Madrid , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the race characteristics of the start and turn segments of national and regional level swimmers. In the study, 100 and 200-m events were analysed during the finals session of the Open Comunidad de Madrid (Spain) tournament. The "individualized-distance" method with two-dimensional direct ...
Tezcan Un Umran U Anadolu University, Department of Environmental Engineering, Eskisehir 26555, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, treatment of cheese whey wastewater was performed using a uniquely-designed continuous electrocoagulation reactor, not previously encountered in the literature. An iron horizontal rotating screw type anode was used in the continuous mode. An empirical model, in terms of effective operational factors, such as current density (40, 50, ...
Lord Sarah Peregrine SP Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current paper presents novel methods for collecting MISC data and accurately assessing reliability of behavior codes at the level of the utterance. The MISC 2.1 was used to rate MI interviews from five randomized trials targeting alcohol and drug use. Sessions were coded at the utterance-level. Utterance-based coding reliability ...
Andersen Kelsey F KF Ohio State Univ., Plant Pathology , OARDC , Wooster, Ohio, United States , 44691-4096 , 330-263-3833 , 330-263-3841 ; - - 2014
Mist chamber experiments were conducted to quantify and model the effects of post-anthesis moisture on FHB index (IND) and DON. Four mist treatments, one daily and three intermittent, were applied during an 8-day window immediately after anthesis, plus an untreated check. All intermittent mist treatments received moisture on 4 of ...
Iii Luther R Palmer LR Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, - - 2014
This work pursues a feedforward control algorithm for high-speed legged locomotion over uneven terrain. Being able to rapidly negotiate uneven terrain without visual or a priori information about the terrain will allow legged systems to be used in time-critical applications and alongside fast-moving humans or vehicles. The algorithm is shown ...
Ciccolini M M Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
The population-level appropriateness of empirical antibiotic therapy can be conventionally measured by ascertainment of treatment coverage. This method involves a complex resource-intensive case-by-case assessment of the prescribed antibiotic treatment and the resistance of the causative microorganism. We aimed to develop an alternative approach based, instead, on the use of routinely ...
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