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Semaškienė, Loreta
This doctoral dissertation has been accomplished during the period of 1995-2006 in the Department of Forestry at the Lithuanian University of Agriculture. In Lithuanian forests only one species of genus - small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata Mill.) – is natural. Study aim was to determine the distribution of lime stands in ...
Godinho Mariana S MS Universidade Federal de Goiás, PO Box 131, 74001-970 Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
Power transformers are essential components in electrical energy distribution. One of their most important parts is the insulation system, consisting of Kraft paper immersed in insulating oil. Interfacial tension and color are major parameters used for assessing oil quality and the system׳s degradation. This work proposes the use of near ...
Carnaval Ana Carolina AC Department of Biology, City College of New York and the Graduate Center of CUNY, 160 Convent Avenue, Marshak Life Science Building J-526, New York, NY 10031, USA - - 2014
Phylogeographic endemism, the degree to which the history of recently evolved lineages is spatially restricted, reflects fundamental evolutionary processes such as cryptic divergence, adaptation and biological responses to environmental heterogeneity. Attempts to explain the extraordinary diversity of the tropics, which often includes deep phylogeographic structure, frequently invoke interactions of climate ...
González L M LM Departamento de Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia ; Telephone: 57-1-3165000 Ext. 13210. Fax number: 57-1-3165327. Postal address: Ciudad Universitaria, edificio 405, oficina 315, Bogotá, - - 2014
We use a finite population mixed model that accommodates response error in the survey variable of interest and auxiliary information to obtain optimal estimators of population parameters from data collected via simple random sampling. We illustrate the method with the estimation of a regression coefficient and conduct a simulation study ...
Wolanski Eric E http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2947-1688 TropWATER, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia - - 2014
A predictive model of the fate of coral reef fish larvae in a reef system is proposed that combines the oceanographic processes of advection and turbulent diffusion with the biological process of horizontal swimming controlled by olfactory and auditory cues within the timescales of larval development. In the model, auditory ...
Lum Kristian K Network Dynamics and Simulation Science Laboratory, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA - - 2014
We build an agent-based model of incarceration based on the susceptible-infected-suspectible (SIS) model of infectious disease propagation. Our central hypothesis is that the observed racial disparities in incarceration rates between Black and White Americans can be explained as the result of differential sentencing between the two demographic groups. We demonstrate ...
Zhang Q Q Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, - - 2014
The latent class model provides an important platform for jointly modeling mixed-mode data - i.e., discrete and continuous data with various parametric distributions. Multiple mixed-mode variables are used to cluster subjects into latent classes. While the mixed-mode latent class analysis is a powerful tool for statisticians, few studies are focused ...
de With G G *Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group (NRG), Utrechtseweg 310, NL-6800 ES Arnhem, The Netherlands; †Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig, - - 2014
Thoron (Rn) exhalation from building materials has become increasingly recognized as a potential source for radiation exposure in dwellings. However, contrary to radon (Rn), limited information on thoron exposure is available. The purpose of this study is to develop a test method for the determination of the thoron exhalation rate ...
Westerterp Klaas R KR Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Physical activity is the main determinant of variability of individual energy expenditure. Reliable assessment of the activity level of an individual provides information on energy requirement and vital health. Here, evidence is presented on the validity of methods to assess physical activity as applied in health and disease. Improvement of ...
Paull Liam - - 2014
Area coverage with an onboard sensor is an important task for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with many applications. Autonomous fixed-wing UAVs are more appropriate for larger scale area surveying since they can cover ground more quickly. However, their non-holonomic dynamics and susceptibility to disturbances make sensor coverage a challenging ...
Khaliq Imran I Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F) and Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt, - - 2014
The relationships among species' physiological capacities and the geographical variation of ambient climate are of key importance to understanding the distribution of life on the Earth. Furthermore, predictions of how species will respond to climate change will profit from the explicit consideration of their physiological tolerances. The climatic variability hypothesis, ...
Lee Sanghoon S Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah, 15 North Medical Drive East, Rm 5800, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA, - - 2014
Gliomas traditionally have been sub-classified based on histopathological observations. However, this approach is subject to inter-observer variability, and histopathological features may not reflect the biological mechanisms that drive tumor growth. High-throughput transcriptional profiling has shown promise in objectively and reproducibly identifying glioma subtypes. Most prior studies have typically used only ...
Scott M M School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 - - 2014
This article moves on to discuss a type of statistical testing different from those we have discussed previously, namely a General Linear Model. This system incorporates a number of other statistical models and is a powerful tool used widely in modern statistics.
Lubke G H GH Department of Psychology,University of Notre - - 2014
Taxometric procedures, model-based clustering and latent variable mixture modeling (LVMM) are statistical methods that use the inter-relationships of observed symptoms or questionnaire items to investigate empirically whether the underlying psychiatric or psychological construct is dimensional or categorical. In this review we show why the results of such an investigation depend ...
Bertolaccini Luca L Thoracic Surgery Unit, Sacro Cuore Hospital, Via Don Angelo Sempreboni 5, 37024, Negrar Verona, Italy, - - 2014
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) tends to cluster. Previous studies have found a correlation between PSP and atmospheric pressure variations or thunderstorms. We conducted this study to analyze the PSP correlations with meteorological variables and the concentrations of air pollutants in the city of Cuneo in Italy (IT). We evaluated prospectively ...
Fiedler Goeran G University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA - - 2014
It has long been reported that a range of prosthesis alignments is acceptable in trans-tibial prosthetics. This range was shown to be smaller when walking on uneven surfaces. It has also been argued that findings on gait with prostheses that were obtained under laboratory conditions are limited in their applicability ...
Li Haocheng H Department of Statistics, Texas A&M University, 3143, TAMU, College Station, Texas, - - 2014
Motivated by objective measurements of physical activity, we take a functional data approach to longitudinal data with simultaneous measurement of a continuous and a binary outcomes. The regression structures are specified as smooth curves measured at various time-points with random effects that have a hierarchical correlation structure. The random effect ...
Jan Show-Li SL Department of Applied Mathematics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chungli, Taiwan, 32023, Republic of China, - - 2014
Several viable approaches have been proposed for conducting factorial analysis when the homogeneous variances assumption is violated. Although robust type I error control and excellent power performance are desirable properties of a test procedure for making statistical inferences, the corresponding power calculations must also be considered to extend its applicability ...
Rubenstein Michael M School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2014
Self-assembly enables nature to build complex forms, from multicellular organisms to complex animal structures such as flocks of birds, through the interaction of vast numbers of limited and unreliable individuals. Creating this ability in engineered systems poses challenges in the design of both algorithms and physical systems that can operate ...
Ngeo Jimson G - - 2014
Surface electromyography (EMG) signals are often used in many robot and rehabilitation applications because these reflect motor intentions of users very well. However, very few studies have focused on the accurate and proportional control of the human hand using EMG signals. Many have focused on discrete gesture classification and some ...
Wilson Ander A Department of Statistics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, - - 2014
When estimating the effect of an exposure or treatment on an outcome it is important to select the proper subset of confounding variables to include in the model. Including too many covariates increases mean square error on the effect of interest while not including confounding variables biases the exposure effect ...
Yoon Sol Hee SH Dept. of Information and Industrial Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
This research proposes an assessment model for quantifying the perceived visual complexity (PVC) of an in-vehicle instrument cluster. An initial study was conducted to investigate the possibility of evaluating the PVC of an in-vehicle instrument cluster by estimating and analyzing the complexity of its individual components. However, this approach was ...
Altini Marco M Body Area Networks, imec The Netherlands, High Tech Campus 31, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Signal Processing Systems, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
In this paper we propose a generic approach to reduce inter-individual variability of different physiological signals (HR, GSR and respiration) by automatically estimating normalization parameters (e.g. baseline and range). The proposed normalization procedure does not require a dedicated personal calibration during system setup. On the other hand, normalization parameters are ...
Smolders Roel R VITO, Boeretang 200, Mol B-2400, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the current HBM-study is to further the understanding of the impact of inter- and intra-individual variability in HBM surveys as it may have implications for the design and interpretation of the study outcomes. As spot samples only provide a snapshot in time of the concentrations of chemicals ...
Kangas Maarit M Department of Medical Technology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, - - 2014
Background: About a third of home-dwelling older people fall each year, and institutionalized older people even report a two- or threefold higher rate for falling. Automatic fall detection systems have been developed to support the independent and secure living of the elderly. Even though good fall detection sensitivity and specificity ...
Nielsen Jace C JC Ann Arbor Pharmacometrics Group, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Vigabatrin is an irreversible inhibitor of γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) and is used as an adjunctive therapy for adult patients with refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS). The purpose of this investigation was to describe the relationship between vigabatrin dosage and daily seizure rate for adults and children with rCPS and ...
Li Bin - - 2014
Cross-domain collaborative filtering (CF) aims to share common rating knowledge across multiple related CF domains to boost the CF performance. In this paper, we view CF domains as a 2-D site-time coordinate system, on which multiple related domains, such as similar recommender sites or successive time-slices, can share group-level rating ...
Mittal Anuradha A Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for Biological Systems Engineering and Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis One Brookings Drive , Campus Box 1097, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, United - - 2014
There is growing interest in the topic of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). Atomistic Metropolis Monte Carlo (MMC) simulations based on novel implicit solvation models have yielded useful insights regarding sequence-ensemble relationships for IDPs modeled as autonomous units. However, a majority of naturally occurring IDPs are tethered to ordered domains. Tethering ...
Westfall Jacob - - 2014
Researchers designing experiments in which a sample of participants responds to a sample of stimuli are faced with difficult questions about optimal study design. The conventional procedures of statistical power analysis fail to provide appropriate answers to these questions because they are based on statistical models in which stimuli are ...
DeMaris Alfred - - 2014
Unmeasured confounding is the principal threat to unbiased estimation of treatment "effects" (i.e., regression parameters for binary regressors) in nonexperimental research. It refers to unmeasured characteristics of individuals that lead them both to be in a particular "treatment" category and to register higher or lower values than others on a ...
Boef Anna G C AG Department of Clinical Epidemiology, C7-P, Leiden University Medical Centre, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Instrumental variable (IV) analysis is promising for estimation of therapeutic effects from observational data as it can circumvent unmeasured confounding. However, even if IV assumptions hold, IV analyses will not necessarily provide an estimate closer to the true effect than conventional analyses as this depends on the estimates' bias and ...
Bouchaffra Djamel - - 2014
We introduce a novel formalism that performs dimensionality reduction and captures topological features (such as the shape of the observed data) to conduct pattern classification. This mission is achieved by: 1) reducing the dimension of the observed variables through a kernelized radial basis function technique and expressing the latent variables ...
Malcata Rita M RM High Performance Sport New Zealand, 17 Antares Place, Mairangi Bay, 0632, Auckland, New Zealand, - - 2014
Estimates of the variability that athletes show from competition to competition provide information about the relative contributions of environmental and other factors affecting competitive performance. Smallest and other important thresholds for assessing changes in performance in competitions and field or laboratory tests can also be derived from estimates of variability. ...
Vegezzi Gaia G Department of Pharmacy - University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze, 27/A, 43124 Parma - - - 2014
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders include many clinical manifestations associated with various pathologies. They are widespread and can be considered a primary symptom or can be associated to other diseases, such as Parkinson's disease. Understanding the type and site of GI dysmotility is crucial to identify the functional abnormality and to ...
Sampaio Pedro N PN Faculty of Engineering, Catholic University of Portugal Estrada Octávio Pato2635-631 Rio de MouroPortugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used to in situ monitoring the cultivation of two recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains producing heterologous cyprosin B. NIR spectroscopy is a fast and non-destructive technique, that by being based on overtones and combinations of molecular vibrations requires chemometrics tools, such as partial least squares (PLS) ...
Linzner Roland R Institute of Waste Management, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria - - 2014
The informal sector is active in the collection, processing and trading of recyclable materials in urban China. Formal waste management organisations have established pilot schemes for source separation of recyclables, but this strategy is still in its infancy. The amounts of recyclables informally picked out of the municipal solid waste ...
Zhang Hongbo H a Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering , Virginia Tech , 250 Durham Hall (0118), Blacksburg , VA 24061 , - - 2014
The critical time interval (CTI) is a parameter that has been used to distinguish open-loop from closed-loop control during upright stance. The aim of this study was to develop a new method to determine CTIs. The new approach, termed the intermittent critical time interval (ICTI) method, was motivated from evidence ...
Kong Jude D JD Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G1, Canada, - - 2014
Cholera remains epidemic and endemic in the world, causing thousands of deaths annually in locations lacking adequate sanitation and water infrastructure. Yet, its dynamics are still not fully understood. In this paper, we simplify and improve Jensen et al.'s model (PNAS 103:4652-4657, 2006) by incorporating a Minimum Infection Dose (MID) ...
Principe Jose C JC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, P.O. Box 116130, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews methodologies for analyzing neural potentials via frequency, time-frequency, or wavelet representations, and adaptive models that estimate the signal's spatial or temporal structure. The fundamental assumptions of each method are discussed. In particular, the Fourier transform is contrasted with overcomplete representations, which are able to precisely delineate the ...
Viglione Donald J DJ California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International University, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Variability in the number of Rorschach responses (R) has stimulated controversy among clinicians and researchers for many years, and recent research reveals that R is much more variable than previously thought. Because R is correlated with other scores, its excessive variability may reduce the reliability, validity and clinical utility of ...
Wilcox Chris C CSIRO, Marine and Atmospheric Research, Castray Esplanade, Hobart, 7000, Tasmania, Australia. - - 2014
Globally, 6.4 million tons of fishing gear are lost in the oceans annually. This gear (i.e., ghost nets), whether accidently lost, abandoned, or deliberately discarded, threatens marine wildlife as it drifts with prevailing currents and continues to entangle marine organisms indiscriminately. Northern Australia has some of the highest densities of ...
Kennedy David A DA Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois - - 2014
Abstract Pathogen population dynamics within individual hosts can alter disease epidemics and pathogen evolution, but our understanding of the mechanisms driving within-host dynamics is weak. Mathematical models have provided useful insights, but existing models have only rarely been subjected to rigorous tests, and their reliability is therefore open to question. ...
Kokalj Meta M Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
Herbal teas and other herbal preparations are becoming more and more popular, and it is essential to ensure their quality. Quality control methods that are simple, fast, and of low cost are needed by the producers and by inspections. Infrared spectroscopy coupled with multivariate mathematical methods has been shown to ...
Germanaud D D INSERM UMR 1129, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; CEA, Gif sur Yvette, France; UNIACT, Neurospin, I2BM, DSV, CEA-Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France; AP-HP, Hôpital Robert Debré, Service de Neuropédiatrie et Pathologie Métabolique, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de Médecine Paris Diderot, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The strong positive-allometric relationship between brain size, cortical extension and gyrification complexity, recently highlighted in the general population, could be modified by brain developmental disorders. Indeed, in case of brain growth insufficiency, the pathophysiological relevance of the "simplified gyral pattern" phenotype is strongly disputed since almost no genotype-phenotype correlations have ...
Irschick D J DJ Department of Biology, 221 Morrill Science Center, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, 01003, U.S.A.; Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Program, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, 01003, - - 2014
A simple metric (span condition analysis; SCA) is presented for quantifying the condition of sharks based on four measurements of body girth relative to body length. Data on 104 live sharks from four species that vary in body form, behaviour and habitat use (Carcharhinus leucas, Carcharhinus limbatus, Ginglymostoma cirratum and ...
Buchheit Martin M a Football Performance & Science Department , Aspire , Doha , - - 2014
Abstract During the past decade substantial development of computer-aided tracking technology has occurred. Therefore, we aimed to provide calibration equations to allow the interchangeability of different tracking technologies used in soccer. Eighty-two highly trained soccer players (U14-U17) were monitored during training and one match. Player activity was collected simultaneously with ...
Abramic Andrej A Department of Hydraulic Engineering and the Environment, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain; Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical, and Environmental Safety, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study focuses on the coastal monitoring network established in the scope of WFD implementation. The objective of this network was to provide an ecological assessment of Valencian coastal waters. After three years, sufficient data had been collected to enable us to analyse and explore ways to increase the network's ...
Couceiro Sheyla Regina Marques SR Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Instituto de Ciências e Tecnologia das Águas. Laboratório de Ecologia de Ictioplâncton e Invertebrados aquáticos. Anexo ao Campus Amazônia Boulevard. Av. Mendonça Furtado, 2946, Fátima. CEP 68040-470. Santarém, PA, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Black flies (Simuliidae) are considered to be pests in rural and in some urban areas in the south of Brazil due to the bites of females. Little information exists on the factors that contribute to Simuliidae distribution in these areas. We sampled 39 streams in the state of Rio Grande ...
Konur Savas - - 2014
Computational models are perceived as an attractive alternative to mathematical models, e.g. ordinary differential equations. These models incorporate a set of methods for specifying, modelling, testing and simulating biological systems. In addition, they can be analysed using algorithmic techniques, e.g. formal verification. This paper shows how formal verification is utilised ...
Xu Shu - - 2014
Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate interrater agreement statistics (IRAS) for use in research on low base rate clinical diagnoses or observed behaviors. Establishing and reporting sufficient interrater agreement is essential in such studies. Yet the most commonly applied agreement statistic, Cohen's κ, has a well known sensitivity ...
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