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Liu Yan Y Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, and Research Center for Analytical Sciences, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Calibration model transfer is essential for practical applications of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy because the measurements of the spectra may be performed on different instruments and the difference between the instruments must be corrected. An approach for calibration transfer based on alternating trilinear decomposition (ATLD) algorithm is proposed in this ...
Siddiqui Akhtar A Division of Product Quality Research, Office of Testing and Research, OPS, CDER, FDA, Silver Spring , MD , - - 2014
Abstract The focus of this study was to evaluate the applicability of chemometrics to differential scanning calorimetry data (DSC) to evaluate nimodipine polymorphs. Multivariate calibration models were built using DSC data from known mixtures of the nimodipine modification. The linear baseline correction treatment of data was used to reduce dispersion ...
Lancia Leonardo - - 2014
PURPOSE The aim of this article was to introduce an important tool, cross-recurrence analysis, to speech production applications by showing how it can be adapted to evaluate the similarity of multivariate patterns of articulatory motion. The method differs from classical applications of cross-recurrence analysis because no phase space reconstruction is ...
Ottaviani Cristina C IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, - - 2014
The cognitive avoidance model of worry assumes that worry has the adaptive function to keep under control the physiological arousal associated with anxiety. This study aimed to test this model by the use of a fear induction paradigm in both pathological and healthy individuals. Thirty-one pathological worriers and 36 healthy ...
Bender Andrea A Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
When speaking and reasoning about time, people around the world tend to do so with vocabulary and concepts borrowed from the domain of space. This raises the question of whether the cross-linguistic variability found for spatial representations, and the principles on which these are based, may also carry over to ...
Corrigan Neil - - 2014
There are many methodological challenges in the conduct and analysis of cluster randomised controlled trials, but one that has received little attention is that of post-randomisation changes to cluster composition. To illustrate this, we focus on the issue of cluster merging, considering the impact on the design, analysis and interpretation ...
Pires J C M JC LEPABE-Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n, 4200-465, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
The effect of meteorological variables on surface ozone (O3) concentrations was analysed based on temporal variation of linear correlation and artificial neural network (ANN) models defined by genetic algorithms (GAs). ANN models were also used to predict the daily average concentration of this air pollutant in Campo Grande, Brazil. Three ...
Baker Marissa G MG Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 1959 Pacific St., Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Various biomarkers of exposure have been explored as a way to quantitatively estimate an internal dose of manganese (Mn) exposure, but given the tight regulation of Mn in the body, inter-individual variability in baseline Mn levels, and variability in timing between exposure and uptake into various biological tissues, identification of ...
Laforest-Lapointe Isabelle I CREAF, Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193, Cerdanyola del Vallés, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain, - - 2014
Although intraspecific trait variability is an important component of species ecological plasticity and niche breadth, its implications for community and functional ecology have not been thoroughly explored. We characterized the intraspecific functional trait variability of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) in Catalonia (NE Spain) in order to (1) compare it to ...
Aklıbaşında Meliha M Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey, - - 2014
The use and utilization areas of geographic information system (GIS) increase every day due to both enabling easiness in storing, updating, grouping, analyzing, correlating, and mapping of data about evaluation factors in planning studies and having quite low error margin depending on the accuracy of data stored. In fact, GIS ...
Moore Joseph J MIT 32-380, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2014
Birds routinely execute post-stall maneuvers with a speed and precision far beyond the capabilities of our best aircraft control systems. One remarkable example is a bird exploiting post-stall pressure drag in order to rapidly decelerate to land on a perch. Stall is typically associated with a loss of control authority, ...
Sibley Kathryn M - - 2014
Abstract The ability to maintain balance is critical for daily activities such as walking and fall avoidance. The contemporary models of postural control emphasize the central and somatic interactions engaged in maintaining balance; however, there is emerging evidence that the autonomic nervous system (ANS) - the sympathetic division, in particular ...
Filali Ben Sidel Farah F Laboratory of Diversity and Conservation of Biological Systems, Faculty of Sciences, Mhannech II, University Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Postal Code 2121, Tetouan, - - 2014
Alternaria is frequently found as airborne fungal spores and is recognized as an important cause of respiratory allergies. The aerobiological monitoring of fungal spores was performed using a Burkard volumetric spore traps. To establish predicting variables for daily and weakly spore counts, a stepwise multiple regression between spore concentrations and ...
Kuspinar Ayse A Faculty of Medicine, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, 3654 Prom Sir William Osler, Montreal, QC, H3G 1Y5, Canada, - - 2014
The reliability and validity of generic utility measures have not yet been summarized in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is important to assess the psychometric properties of these measures, to ensure that the values obtained by the scoring system are valid for interpretation and utilization by clinicians, researchers and ...
Erban Laura E LE Department of Environmental Earth System Science, Stanford University , Stanford, California 94305, United - - 2014
Groundwater exploitation is rising in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, potentially exacerbating arsenic contamination from natural sources. We investigate trends and controls on contamination patterns throughout the Delta's multi-aquifer system as observed in a spatially exhaustive data set of arsenic measured in >40,000 wells, 10.5% of which exceed the WHO drinking ...
Xinbo Lv L School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institution of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, - - 2014
Machine learning methods usually assume that training data and test data are drawn from the same distribution. However, this assumption often cannot be satisfied in the task of clinical concept extraction. The main aim of this paper was to use training data from one institution to build a concept extraction ...
de la Casa Almeida M M Physiotherapy, University of Seville, Seville, - - 2014
Despite the existence of diverse instruments to assess cellulite, its high prevalence and the continuous advances in its treatment makes the development of new, more objective methods for evaluation necessary. To study intraobserver validity and reliability (test-retest) of textural analysis using co-occurrence matrices on photographic images in the evaluation of ...
Garcia-Marques Leonel L Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, 1649-013, Lisboa, Portugal, - - 2014
Loftus (Memory & Cognition 6:312-319, 1978) distinguished between interpretable and uninterpretable interactions. Uninterpretable interactions are ambiguous, because they may be due to two additive main effects (no interaction) and a nonlinear relationship between the (latent) outcome variable and its indicator. Interpretable interactions can only be due to the presence of ...
Franks Erin M EM Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, - - 2014
Traditionally, the study of metric skeletal asymmetry has relied largely on univariate analyses, utilizing ratio transformations when the goal is comparing asymmetries in skeletal elements or populations of dissimilar dimensions. Under this approach, raw asymmetries are divided by a size marker, such as a bilateral average, in an attempt to ...
Endres Christopher J CJ Amgen Inc., Seattle, W.A. and Thousand Oaks, - - 2014
Brodalumab, a human monoclonal IgG2-antibody, acts as a potent antagonist at the interleukin-17 receptor A, which is important in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of brodalumab and assess the effects of covariates, brodalumab concentrations from Phase 1a and Phase 2 clinical studies in healthy adults and subjects ...
Nordbotten Bernt J BJ Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Using low-frequency (LF) alternating current skin conductance (SC) has recently been recommended for electrodermal activity (EDA) measurement, but the method may imply some limitations in sampling rate, which are insufficient for capturing the complete SC waveform. The aim of this study was to assess whether LF SC can be estimated ...
Dong Zhichao - - 2014
The optimization of dwell time is an important procedure in deterministic subaperture polishing. We present a modified optimization model of dwell time by iterative and numerical method, assisted by extended surface forms and tool paths for suppressing the edge effect. Compared with discrete convolution and linear equation models, the proposed ...
Winkler Irene I Machine Learning Laboratory, Technical University of Berlin, Marchstr. 23, D-10587 Berlin, - - 2014
Objective. EEG artifacts of non-neural origin can be separated from neural signals by independent component analysis (ICA). It is unclear (1) how robustly recently proposed artifact classifiers transfer to novel users, novel paradigms or changed electrode setups, and (2) how artifact cleaning by a machine learning classifier impacts the performance ...
Sullivan Benjamin W BW Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812; - - 2014
Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is the largest natural source of exogenous nitrogen (N) to unmanaged ecosystems and also the primary baseline against which anthropogenic changes to the N cycle are measured. Rates of BNF in tropical rainforest are thought to be among the highest on Earth, but they are notoriously ...
Ge Hongyi - - 2014
The terahertz (THz) spectra in the range of 0.2-1.6 THz (6.6-52.8 cm<sup>-1</sup>) of wheat grains with various degrees of deterioration (normal, worm-eaten, moldy, and sprouting wheat grains) were investigated by terahertz time domain spectroscopy. Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to extract feature data according to the cumulative contribution rates; ...
Marvá Marcos M Department of Physics and Mathematics, University of Alcalá Campus Universitario, 28871, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, - - 2014
The purpose of this work is reviewing some reduction results to deal with systems of nonautonomous ordinary differential equations with two time scales. They could be included among the so-called approximate aggregation methods. The existence of different time scales in a system, together with some long-term features, are used to ...
Chiba Hirokazu - - 2014
Identification of ortholog groups is a crucial step in comparative analysis of multiple genomes. Although several computational methods have been developed to create ortholog groups, most of those methods do not evaluate orthology at the sub-gene level. In our method for domain-level ortholog clustering, DomClust, proteins are split into domains ...
Massetti Luciano L Institute of Biometeorology - CNR, Via Caproni 8, 50145 Firenze, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Urban planners and managers need tools to evaluate the performance of the present state and future development of cities in terms of comfort and quality of life. In this paper, an approach to analyse the intra-urban summer thermal variability, using an urban planning indicator, is presented. The proportion of buildings ...
Lopes José E JE SpertLab, Ciper, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Cruz Quebrada, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study addresses the utility of the kinematics of penalty takers for goalkeepers in association football. Twelve professional and semi-professional players shot to one side of the goal with (deceptive condition) or without (non-deceptive condition) simulating a shot to the opposite side. The body kinematics of the penalty takers were ...
Ameri Ali - - 2014
This study describes the first application of a support vector machine (SVM) based scheme for real-time simultaneous and proportional myoelectric control of multiple degrees of freedom (DOFs). Three DOFs including wrist flexion-extension, abduction-adduction and forearm pronation-supination were investigated with ten able-bodied subjects and two individuals with transradial limb deficiency (LD). ...
Wang Defeng - - 2014
Default-mode network (DMN) has become a prominent network among all large-scale brain networks which can be derived from the resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) data. Statistical template labelling the common location of hubs in DMN is favourable in the identification of DMN from tens of components resulted from the independent component analysis ...
Feast Michael W MW 1] Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, Astronomy Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa [2] South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South - - 2014
Flaring and warping of the disk of the Milky Way have been inferred from observations of atomic hydrogen but stars associated with flaring have not hitherto been reported. In the area beyond the Galactic centre the stars are largely hidden from view by dust, and the kinematic distances of the ...
Kossin James P JP NOAA National Climatic Data Center, University of Wisconsin/CIMSS, 1225 West Dayton Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2014
Temporally inconsistent and potentially unreliable global historical data hinder the detection of trends in tropical cyclone activity. This limits our confidence in evaluating proposed linkages between observed trends in tropical cyclones and in the environment. Here we mitigate this difficulty by focusing on a metric that is comparatively insensitive to ...
Li Yan Y - - 2014
Background: Pomalidomide, a potent novel immunomodulatory agent, has been developed as a racemic mixture of its R- and S-isomers. Pharmacokinetic (PK) analyses were conducted to determine the PK disposition of the isomers from their PK profiles in humans and monkeys. Modeling and simulation were performed to describe the observed PK ...
Paul David R DR Department of Movement Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, - - 2014
The number of days of data and number of subjects necessary to estimate total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) requires an understanding of within-and between-subject variances, and the influence of sex, body composition, and age. Seventy-one adults wore accelerometers for seven day intervals over six consecutive months. ...
D'Archivio Angelo Antonio AA Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche, Università degli Studi dell'Aquila, Via Vetoio, 67010 Coppito, L'Aquila, - - 2014
In this paper, a multi-layer artificial neural network is used to model simultaneously the effect of solute structure and eluent concentration profile on the retention of s-triazines in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography under linear gradient elution. The retention data of 24 triazines, including common herbicides and their metabolites, are collected ...
Amini Hassan H Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran; Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The Middle Eastern city of Tehran, Iran has poor air quality compared with cities of similar size in Europe and North America. Spatial annual and seasonal patterns of SO2 and PM10 concentrations were estimated using land use regression (LUR) methods applied to data from 21 air quality monitoring stations. A ...
Inoue Yasuyuki Y Department of Information Media Systems, Graduate School of Information Systems, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human motor behavior often shows intermittent discontinuities even when people try to follow a continuously moving target. Although most previous studies revealed common characteristics of this "motor intermittency" using frequency analysis, this technique is not always appropriate because the nature of the intermittency is not stationary, i.e., the temporal intervals ...
Nakagawa Hiroshi H Formulation Technology Research Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Technology Division, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There has been a considerable research on the process analytical technology (PAT) and real-time monitoring based on NIR, but the model development is still an important issue and persons in charge have difficulty in building good models. In this study, to realize efficient NIR-based real-time monitoring of ingredient concentration and ...
Oostdik Kathryn K Promega Corporation, 2800 Woods Hollow Road, Madison, WI 53711, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The original CODIS database based on 13 core STR loci has been overwhelmingly successful for matching suspects with evidence. Yet there remain situations that argue for inclusion of more loci and increased discrimination. The PowerPlex(®) Fusion System allows simultaneous amplification of the following loci: Amelogenin, D3S1358, D1S1656, D2S441, D10S1248, D13S317, ...
Conger Scott A SA Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, - - 2014
To examine the relationship between hand rim propulsion power and energy expenditure (EE) during wheelchair wheeling and to investigate whether adding other variables to the model could improve on the prediction of EE. Individuals who use manual wheelchairs (n=14) performed five different wheeling activities in a wheelchair with a PowerTap ...
Knutson Brian B Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neuroimaging findings are often interpreted in terms of affective experience, but researchers disagree about the advisability or even possibility of such inferences, and few frameworks explicitly link these levels of analysis. Here, we suggest that the spatial and temporal resolution of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data could support inferences ...
Zhang Kai K Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hot weather increases risk of mortality. Previous studies used different sets of weather variables to characterize heat stress, resulting in variation in heat-mortality associations depending on the metric used. We employed a statistical learning method - random forests - to examine which of the various weather variables had the greatest ...
Barbosa Heloisa H Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
This paper presents a modeling effort for developing safety performance models (SPM) for urban intersections for three major Brazilian cities. The proposed methodology for calibrating SPM has been divided into the following steps: defining the safety study objective, choosing predictive variables and sample size, data acquisition, defining model expression and ...
Linares Oscar A - - 2014
ABSTRACT The absorption pattern of orally administered OxyContin (OXC) reflected in urine indicates that its appearance into systemic circulation undergoes transit absorption delays. The authors developed an OXC transit-delay compartment model that identified a new source of oxycodone hydrochloride (OC): the rate of appearance of OC due to OXC tablet ...
Wang Lunche L State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430079, China, - - 2014
Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) observed at Fukang, China from 2005 to 2012 was used to investigate PAR variability and its relationship with global solar radiation (G) under various sky conditions in Northwest China. Clearness index (K t) was used for characterizing the sky conditions and model development; it was discovered ...
Cane James J School of Psychology, Keynes College, University of Kent, Canterbury, - - 2014
Behaviour change technique (BCT) Taxonomy v1 is a hierarchically grouped, consensus-based taxonomy of 93 BCTs for reporting intervention content. To enhance the use and understanding of BCTs, the aims of the present study were to (1) quantitatively examine the 'bottom-up' hierarchical structure of Taxonomy v1, (2) identify whether BCTs can ...
Kapur Kush K Clinical Research Center and Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 21 Autumn St., Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
In this article, we develop appropriate statistical methods for determining the required sample size while comparing the efficacy of an intervention to a control with repeated binary response outcomes. Our proposed methodology incorporates the complexity of the hierarchical nature of underlying designs and provides solutions when varying attrition rates are ...
Burchard-Levine Alejandra A Tsinghua University - Veolia Environnement Joint Research Center for Advanced Environmental Technology, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
China's fast pace industrialization and growing population has led to several accidental surface water pollution events in the last decades. The government of China, after the 2005 Songhua River incident, has pushed for the development of early warning systems (EWS) for drinking water source protection. However, there are still many ...
Curtis A T AT Dept. of Medical Biophysics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario Canada; Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, 100 Perth Drive London, Ontario Canada N6A 5K8. Electronic address: - - 2014
A data-driven regressor selection technique for reducing physiological noise in BOLD fMRI is presented that capitalizes on additional information contained in the phase of the signal time-course. This method, termed highcor, identifies a set of suspect voxels by selecting based on high temporal correlation between the magnitude and phase components ...
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