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El-Bardini Mohammad M Department of Industrial Electronics and Control Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menofia University, Menof 32852, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, the interval type-2 fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative controller (IT2F-PID) is proposed for controlling an inverted pendulum on a cart system with an uncertain model. The proposed controller is designed using a new method of type-reduction that we have proposed, which is called the simplified type-reduction method. The proposed IT2F-PID ...
Snell M A MA Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK. - - 2014
Headwater streams are an important feature of the landscape, with their diversity in structure and associated ecological function providing a potential natural buffer against downstream nutrient export. Phytobenthic communities, dominated in many headwaters by diatoms, must respond to physical and chemical parameters that can vary in magnitude within hours, whereas ...
Schmidt Jason M JM Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, OH, 45056, USA, - - 2014
Interactions between predators foraging in the same patch may strongly influence patch use and functional response. In particular, there is continued interest in how the magnitude of mutual interference shapes predator-prey interactions. Studies commonly focus on either patch use or the functional response without attempting to link these important components ...
Mao Zhiyi Z Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Research Center for Analytical Sciences, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, PR - - 2014
Polyphenols in plant samples have been extensively studied because phenolic compounds are ubiquitous in plants and can be used as antioxidants in promoting human health. A method for rapid determination of three phenolic compounds (chlorogenic acid, scopoletin and rutin) in plant samples using near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (NIRDRS) is studied ...
Huijg Johanna M - - 2014
To be able to design effective strategies to improve healthcare professionals' implementation behaviors, a valid and reliable questionnaire is needed to assess potential implementation determinants. The present study describes the development of the Determinants of Implementation Behavior Questionnaire (DIBQ) and investigates the reliability and validity of this Theoretical Domains Framework ...
Bonnet Julien J Sorbonne Université, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 8232, IPCM, Chimie des Polymères, F-75005 Paris, France. - - 2014
Some organic compounds gelate liquids by forming a network of anisotropic fibres. Hansen solubility parameters can be used to predict the range of liquids that are likely to be gelled by any given gelator. We critically review the various approaches recently proposed in the literature. In particular, we discuss the ...
Rafferty Anna N AN Computer Science Division, University of California, - - 2014
Analyzing the rate at which languages change can clarify whether similarities across languages are solely the result of cognitive biases or might be partially due to descent from a common ancestor. To demonstrate this approach, we use a simple model of language evolution to mathematically determine how long it should ...
Cheadle Samuel S Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neural systems adapt to background levels of stimulation. Adaptive gain control has been extensively studied in sensory systems but overlooked in decision-theoretic models. Here, we describe evidence for adaptive gain control during the serial integration of decision-relevant information. Human observers judged the average information provided by a rapid stream of ...
El-Nagar Ahmad M AM Department of Industrial Electronics and Control Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menofia University, Menouf 32852, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
This manuscript describes the use of a hardware-in-the-loop simulation to simulate the control of a multivariable anesthesia system based on an interval type-2 fuzzy neural network (IT2FNN) controller. The IT2FNN controller consists of an interval type-2 fuzzy linguistic process as the antecedent part and an interval neural network as the ...
Welch Kelton D KD Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
A major goal of gut-content analysis is to quantify predation rates by predators in the field, which could provide insights into the mechanisms behind ecosystem structure and function, as well as quantification of ecosystem services provided. However, percent-positive results from molecular assays are strongly influenced by factors other than predation ...
Hewett Paul P a Exposure Assessment Solutions, Inc. ; Morgantown , - - 2014
ABSTRACT For more than twenty years CSX Transportation (CSXT) has collected exposure measurements from locomotive engineers and conductors, who are potentially exposed to diesel emissions. The database included measurements for elemental and total carbon, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatics, aldehydes, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide. This database was statistically analyzed and ...
van de Meent Jan-Willem JW Department of Statistics, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
Many single-molecule experiments aim to characterize biomolecular processes in terms of kinetic models that specify the rates of transition between conformational states of the biomolecule. Estimation of these rates often requires analysis of a population of molecules, in which the conformational trajectory of each molecule is represented by a noisy, ...
Guo Zhenyuan Z College of Mathematics and Econometrics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents a systematic method for analyzing the robust stability of a class of interval neural networks with uncertain parameters and time delays. The neural networks are affected by uncertain parameters whose values are time-invariant and unknown, but bounded in given compact sets. Several new sufficient conditions for the ...
Neutel Anje-Margriet AM British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Rd, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, - - 2014
The strength of interactions is crucial to the stability of ecological networks. However, the patterns of interaction strengths in mathematical models of ecosystems have not yet been based upon independent observations of balanced material fluxes. Here we analyse two Antarctic ecosystems for which the interaction strengths are obtained: (1) directly, ...
Zhang Linlin L Department of Statistics, Rice University, Houston, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper we present a novel wavelet-based Bayesian nonparametric regression model for the analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. Our goal is to provide a joint analytical framework that allows to detect regions of the brain which exhibit neuronal activity in response to a stimulus and, simultaneously, ...
Ko B R BR Korea University, Seoul - - 2014
We observe D0-D¯0 mixing in the decay D0→K+π- using a data sample of integrated luminosity 976  fb-1 collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e- asymmetric-energy collider. We measure the mixing parameters x'2=(0.09±0.22)×10-3 and y'=(4.6±3.4)×10-3 and the ratio of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored decay rates RD=(3.53±0.13)×10-3, where the uncertainties are ...
Jacobsen Jon J Department of Mathematics, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, CA, 91711, USA, - - 2014
To fully understand population persistence in river ecosystems, it is necessary to consider the effect of the water flow, which varies tremendously with seasonal fluctuations of water runoff and snow melt. In this paper, we study integrodifference models for growth and dispersal in the presence of advective flow with both ...
Inoue Kentaro K Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Fukuoka, 820-8502, - - 2014
Mathematical modeling has become a standard technique to understand the dynamics of complex biochemical systems. To promote the modeling, we had developed the CADLIVE dynamic simulator that automatically converted a biochemical map into its associated mathematical model, simulated its dynamic behaviors and analyzed its robustness. To enhance the feasibility by ...
Eriksson Anders A Evolutionary Ecology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, - - 2014
Distinguishing between hybridisation and population structure in the ancestral species is a key challenge in our understanding of how permeable species boundaries are to gene flow. The doubly-conditioned frequency spectrum (dcfs) has been argued to be a powerful metric to discriminate between these two explanations, and it was used to ...
Jenkins Todd M TM Cincinnati Children׳s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 7000, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Utilizing electronic data capture (EDC) systems in data collection and management allows automated validation programs to preemptively identify and correct data errors. For our multi-center, prospective study we chose to use TeleForm, a paper-based data capture software that uses recognition technology to create case report forms (CRFs) with similar functionality ...
Svensson Elin M EM Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 591, 751 24, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
The objective of this work was to facilitate the development of nonlinear mixed effects models by establishing a diagnostic method for evaluation of stochastic model components. The random effects investigated were between subject, between occasion and residual variability. The method was based on a first-order conditional estimates linear approximation and ...
Amaku Marcos M School of Veterinary Medicine, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, 05508-270, - - 2014
Dengue is considered one of the most important vector-borne infection, affecting almost half of the world population with 50 to 100 million cases every year. In this paper, we present one of the simplest models that can encapsulate all the important variables related to vector control of dengue fever. The ...
Wiedermann Wolfgang W Department of Psychology, University of Vienna, - - 2014
Previous studies have discussed asymmetric interpretations of the Pearson correlation coefficient and have shown that higher moments can be used to decide on the direction of dependence in the bivariate linear regression setting. The current study extends this approach by illustrating that the third moment of regression residuals may also ...
Baldacchino F F UMR 5175, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE), Université Paul-Valéry (UM3), 34199 Montpellier Cedex 5, - - 2014
In France, during the summer, cattle in mountainous pastures can be highly exposed to tabanid bites. The persistent biting behaviour of tabanids not only causes disturbance, but is also responsible for transmitting diseases, such as bovine besnoitiosis. The purpose of this study was to better identify the level of tabanid ...
Lee Kwang Jin KJ Department of Medical System Engineering (DMSE), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Gwangju, - - 2014
Neuronal and muscular electrical signals contain useful information about the neuromuscular system, with which researchers have been investigating the relationship of various neurological disorders and the neuromuscular system. However, neuromuscular signals can be critically contaminated by cardiac electrical activity (CEA) such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) which confounds data analysis. The ...
Renart Alfonso A Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Champalimaud Foundation, Avenida Brasilia, 1400-038 Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neural activity and behavior in laboratory experiments are surprisingly variable across trials. This variability and its potential causes have been the focus of a spirited debate. Here we review recent research that has shed light on the sources of neural variability and its impact on behavior. We explain how variability ...
Sannino Giovanna G Institute of High Performance Computing and Networking (ICAR), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Via Pietro Castellino 111, Naples, Italy; University of Naples "Parthenope", Department of Technology, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Real-time Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) episode detection and monitoring are important for society in terms of an improvement in the health of the general population and of a reduction in mortality and healthcare costs. Currently, to diagnose OSA patients undergo PolySomnoGraphy (PSG), a complicated and invasive test to be performed ...
Oliveira J P JP Estação Litoral da Aguda, Rua Alfredo Dias, Praia da Aguda, 4410-475 Arcozelo/VNG, Portugal; CIMAR/CIIMAR - Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Universidade do Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Littoral areas are subject to severe and increasing pressures resulting from human activities occurring along or next to the coast. In this study, patterns of variability in the structure of rocky intertidal benthic assemblages and in the abundance of individual taxa were compared between locations close to the coastal cities ...
Van Stan John T JT 2nd Department of Geology and Geography, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, 30640, USA, - - 2014
Many tree species have been shown to funnel substantial rainfall to their stem base as stemflow flux, given a favorable stand structure and storm conditions. As stemflow is a spatially concentrated flux, prior studies have shown its impact on ecohydrological and biogeochemical processes can be significant. Less work has been ...
Gingold Daniel B DB Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Warm sea surface temperatures (SST) are positively related to incidence of ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP). Increased severe storm frequency may create more habitat for ciguatoxic organisms. While climate change could expand the endemic range of CFP, the relationship between CFP incidence and specific environmental conditions is unknown. Estimate associations between ...
Chorley Adrian A UK Civil Aviation Authority, Aviation House, Gatwick Airport South, West Sussex, RH6 0YR, - - 2014
It is known that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) increases by 10-12% every 1,000 m altitude; UVR at the 10, 000 m of typical cruise altitude for commercial aircraft may be 2-3 times higher than at ground level. Information on the levels of solar UV exposures is essential for the assessment of ...
Jeffrey Kao Ming-Chih MC Stanford Hospital & Clinics, Department of Orthopaedics, Palo Alto, - - 2014
To develop and implement methodologies for characterizing accelerometry-derived patterns of physical activity (PA) in the United States in relation to demographics, anthropometrics, behaviors, and co-morbidities using the NHANES dataset. Retrospective analysis of nationally representative database SETTING: Computer-generated modeling in silico PARTICIPANTS: 6,329 adults in the U.S. from NHANES 2003-2004 database. ...
Ma Xiao-Kui XK Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ministry of Education, National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Developing of Endangered Chinese Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study was conducted to enhance exopolysaccharide (EPS) antioxidant formation (as measured by Trolox-Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity, TEAC) by Phellinus sp. P0988 through medium studies, while jointly increasing EPS yield. Out of seven medium components, four significant variables were identified based on linear models with statistical significance (p<0.05), namely rutin, FeSO4, ...
Minadakis George G Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Brunel University Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, - - 2014
Objective. Recent cross-disciplinary literature suggests a dynamical analogy between earthquakes and epileptic seizures. This study extends the focus of inquiry for the applicability of models for earthquake dynamics to examine both scalp-recorded and intracranial electroencephalogram recordings related to epileptic seizures. Approach. First, we provide an updated definition of the electric ...
Liang Suh-Yuen SY Core Facilities for Protein Structural Analysis at Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, - - 2014
Despite many attempts for algorithm development in recent years, automated identification of intact glycopeptides from LC-MS(2) spectral data is still a challenge in both sensitivity and precision. We implemented a supervised machine learning algorithm, Random Forest, in an automated workflow to identify N-glycopeptides using spectral features derived from ion trap-based ...
Chemolli Emanuela - - 2014
Self-determination theory (SDT) proposes a multidimensional conceptualization of motivation in which the different regulations are said to fall along a continuum of self-determination. The continuum has been used as a basis for using a relative autonomy index as a means to create motivational scores. Rasch analysis was used to verify ...
Berends H H Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A dynamic, mechanistic model of the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer technique, used for estimating methane (CH4) emission rates from ruminants, was constructed to evaluate the accuracy of the technique. The model consists of six state variables and six zero-pools representing the quantities of SF6 and CH4 in rumen and hindgut ...
Finneran Aoife A a School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University , Loughborough , - - 2014
Performance and health issues are common in industry. On-the-job productivity gains related to good design, which could help justify ergonomics intervention, are often not considered. More quantitative data are needed to model the discomfort/productivity relationship for upper limb activity in simulated repetitive assembly type work. Eighteen participants completed an experiment, ...
Schmidt J Michael JM Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, Milstein Hospital Building, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, Suite 8-300, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
We sought to determine if monitoring heart rate variability (HRV) would enable preclinical detection of secondary complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We studied 236 SAH patients admitted within the first 48 h of bleed onset, discharged after SAH day 5, and had continuous electrocardiogram records available. The diagnosis and date of ...
Ebeed Mohamed M Deef Pharmaceuticals Inc., Al Badaye, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, - - 2014
L18 Hunter design was used to investigate the practicability of applying QbD approaches to fluidized hot melt granulation (FHMG) in preparing oral controlled release systems. Eight high-risk variables obtained from risk analysis were classified into chemical factors (type and percentage of meltable binder, matrix viscosity and percentage and filler type) ...
Panouillères M M EA3181, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France, - - 2014
The present study investigates the properties of the French version of the OUT-PATSAT35 questionnaire, which evaluates the outpatients' satisfaction with care in oncology using classical analysis (CTT) and item response theory (IRT). This cross-sectional multicenter study includes 692 patients who completed the questionnaire at the end of their ambulatory treatment. ...
Baiocchi Michael M Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
A goal of many health studies is to determine the causal effect of a treatment or intervention on health outcomes. Often, it is not ethically or practically possible to conduct a perfectly randomized experiment, and instead, an observational study must be used. A major challenge to the validity of observational ...
Hennig Stefanie S Department of Pharmaceutical Bioscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
When performing a population pharmacokinetic modelling analysis covariates are often added to the model. Such additions are often justified by improved goodness of fit and/or decreased in unexplained (random) parameter variability. Increased goodness of fit is most commonly measured by the decrease in the objective function value. Parameter variability can ...
Sacha Jerzy J Department of Cardiology, Regional Medical Center, Opole, - - 2014
Heart rate variability (HRV) is significantly associated with average heart rate (HR), therefore, HRV actually provides information on two quantities, that is, on HR and its variability. It is difficult to conclude which of these two plays a principal role in the HRV clinical value, or in other words, what ...
Suárez Liliana L School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare personal exposure to particulate matter (fine and ultrafine particles) in commuters using different transport modes (bicycle, bus, car and subway) in a busy, assigned route in downtown Santiago, Chile. Volunteers carrying personal samplers completed scheduled commutes during the morning rush hours, while ...
Coen Philip P 1] Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA [2] Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, - - 2014
The generation of acoustic communication signals is widespread across the animal kingdom, and males of many species, including Drosophilidae, produce patterned courtship songs to increase their chance of success with a female. For some animals, song structure can vary considerably from one rendition to the next; neural noise within pattern ...
Teske Jennifer A JA University of - - 2014
When exploring biological determinants of spontaneous physical activity (SPA), it is critical to consider whether methodological factors differentially affect rodents and the measured SPA. We determined whether acclimation time, sensory stimulation, vendor or chamber size affected measures in rodents with varying propensity for SPA. We used principal component analysis to ...
Donaldson Finn E FE Division of Physics, Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Office of Medical Products and Tobacco, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A variety of design and patient parameters have been implicated in recent reports of fretting corrosion at modular connections in total hip arthroplasty. We sought to identify the relative sensitivity of mechanical fretting to a comprehensive set of parameters such that attention may be focused on key variables. Stochastic finite ...
Guo Gang - - 2014
In this study, a single-trait genomic model (STGM) is compared with a multiple-trait genomic model (MTGM) for genomic prediction using conventional estimated breeding values (EBVs) calculated using a conventional single-trait and multiple-trait linear mixed models as the response variables. Three scenarios with and without missing data were simulated; no missing ...
Chen Hui - - 2014
In this work, the potential of mineral elements and chemometric methods as a tool to classify the Chinese honeys according to their botanical origin was examined. Twelve mineral elements (Na23, Mg24, P31, K39, Ca43, Mn55, Fe56, Cu63, Zn66, Rb85, Sr88 and Ba137) of 163 Chinese honey samples, including linden, chaste, ...
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